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Waler-Sapply and Irrigaticn Paper No. 84 



Series P, Hydrographic Progress Reports, 22 



DKPAKTMKNT OF TIIK INTKKIOR 
UNITKI) STATES (iKOIXKilC'AL SURVEY 

CHARLES I). VVALCOrr, IHRKXTOR 



REPOKT 



PROGRESS OF STIIKAM MKASUREMENTS 



YiM\ 



THE CALENDAR YEAR 1902 



BY 



F. II. NKWKLL 



PART III.— WESTERN MISHiasIPPI AND WESTERN (JrLF DRAINA(iE 







WASniX(iTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICB 




BRANNER 
GEOLOGICAL LIBRARY 




;m 






I'II(m;UKSS nFSTl:L\M MKA-HiDjLM 



THE « ALEM'AK VKAi. .^-^ 



F. H. NKV.-p:i^L 




<K\ 



659123 



• « • « 



• • ... •* •• 



•• • 

• • • 
• • • • • 

• • • 



CONTENTS. 



Paiff 

of transmittal'. 7 

action 9 

Mvledgments . 12 

cnft MlBsissippi River drainage 13 

B^BOori River drainage basin 13 

If^yajg des Cygnes River at Ottawa. Kans 14 

Big Sioux River near Watertown, S. Dak- 15 

Kiofarara River at Niobrara, Nebr . 16 

Kiohrara River at Valentine, Nebr 18 

Clear Creek at Buffalo, Wyo 20 

Piney Creek at Kearney, Wyo 21 

Shoshone River at Cody, Wyo . 21 

Bighorn River near Thermopolis, Wyo 23 

TellowBtone River near Livingston, Mont 24 

Milk River at Malta. Mont . 26 

MUk River at Havre, Mont 28 

Musselshell River at Shawinut, Mont 31 

• Marias River near Shelby, Mont 32 

Two Medicine Creek at Midvale, Mont . . ... 34 

Missouri River at Cascade, Mont 35 

Missouri River at Townsend, Mont. 36 

GhiUatin River at Logan, Mont . 38 

West Gallatin River near Salesville, Mont 40 

Middle Creek near Bozeman, Mont 43 

Madison River near Redbluff , Mont . . 46 

Jefferson River at Sappington, Mont . - . 47 

Miscellaneous measurements in Missouri River drainage basin 49 

latte River drainage liasin . 50 

Elkhom River near Arlington, Nebr 51 

Elkhom River near Norfolk, Nebr 53 

Loup River at Columbus, Nebr . _ 55 

Platte River near Columbus, Nebr . . 57 

Platte River near Lexington, Nebr . . 59 

North Platte River at North Platte, Nebr . . 62 

North Platte River at Bridgeport, Nebr ..., 64 

North Platte River at Mitchell, Nebr 66 

North Platte River at Guernsey, Wyo - - - 68 

Little Laramie River at May's ranch near Hatton, Wyo 70 

Sweetwater River at Devils Gate near Splitrock, Wyo 72 

South Platte River at Bigspring, Nebr - 72 

South Platte River at Julesburg, Colo 78 

Middle Crow Creek near Heda, Wyo. : 76 

South Platte River at Kersey, Colo TX 



4 CONTENTS. 

Western Mississippi River drainage — Continued. 

Platte River (Irainage basin— Continue^- Pasre. 

Bi.ic Thompson Greek near Arkins, Colo 79 

St. Vrain Creek at Lyons, Colo. . HI 

Clear Creek at Forkscreek, Colo _ . 84 

South Platte River at Denver, Colo 8(5 

Bear Creek near Morrison, Colo 89 

South Platte River at South Platte, Colo 89 

MisceDaneous measurements in the Platte River drainage basin . 92 

Kansas River drainage basin . . . 95 

Kansas or Kaw River at Lecompton, Kans _ 95 

Blue River near Manhattan, Kans . 97 

Republican River at Junction, Kans . .. 100 

Republican River and the mill race near Superior, Nebr 102 

Salomon River at Niles, Kans . 105 

Saline River near Salina, Kans 108 

Smoky Hill River at Ellsworth, Kans 110 

Miscellaneous measurements in the Kansas River drainage basin 112 

Arkansas River drainage basin 113 

Canadian River (North Fork) near Elreno, Okla 114 

Neosho River at lola, Kans .. 115 

Verdigris River near Liberty, Kans - 116 

Walnut River at Arkansas City, Kans 119 

Arkansas River at Arkansas City, Kans 119 

Arkansas River at Hutchinson, Kans. 120 

Arkansas River at Dodge, Kans 12:^ 

Arkansas River at Syracuse, Kans . _ 123 

Arkansas River at Barton, Colo 125 

Arkansas River near Rockyford, Colo . . . . 126 

Arkansas River near Nepesta, Colo . . 128 

Arkansas River at Pueblo. Colo . 130 

Arkansas River ne^r Canyon. Colo ViS 

Arkansas River at Salida, Colo . . i;J6 

Miscellaneous measurements in the Arkansas River drainage basin 138 

Red River drainage basin . . 139 

Washita River at Anadarko, Okla 139 

Miscellaneous measurements in the Re<l River drainage Imsin . . 140 

Westeni Gulf drainage . . . 140 

Sabine River drainage Imsin ... . 140 

Miscellaneous measurements in Sabine drainage basin 141 

NtH-hes River drainage basin 141 

Miscellaneous measurements in Noches drainage basin 142 

Trinity River drainage basin .... 142 

Trinity River at Riverside. Tex 142 

Brazos River drainage basin . . . . 143 

Brazos River at Waco, Tex 143 

Brazos River at Richmond, Tex .... 147 

Little River and its tributaries . 147 

Colorado River (of Texas) di*ainage basin . ... 148 

Colorado River at Columbus, Tex . . ... 149 

Coloratlo River at Austin, Tex . 149 

Miscellaneous measurements on Colorado River . . 152 

Barton Springs, near Austin. Tex 152 

Llano River, Tex . . . 153 

San Saba River, Tex . 154 



CONTENTS. 5 

efitem Gnlf drainage— Con tinned. i*a^'. 

Gnadalnpe River drainage basin 156 

Guadalupe River near Cuero, Tex . . 156 

Miscellaneous measurements in Guadalupe River drainage basin . 157 

Rio Grande drainage basin 157 

Rio Grande at Eagle Pass, Tex 158 

Las Moras Creek, Tex 161 

San Felipe Creek, Tex 161 

Rio Grande below mouth of Devils River, Tex. 161 

Devils River at Devilsriver, Tex 164 

Pecos River near Moorhead, Tex 166 

Pecos River, Margueretta flume, and West Valley diti^h, near Pecijs, 

Tex \m 

Rio Grande at Langtry, Tex . 172 

Ri9 Grande below Presidio, Tex . . 175 

Rio Grande above Presidio, Tex 1 77 

Rio Grande near Fort Hancock, Tex .. 179 

Rio Grande near El Paso, Tex. . . . . 181 

Rio Grande near San Marcial, N. Mex 183 

Rio Grande at Water Tank, near Rio Grande or Buckman, N. Mex. 186 

Rio Grande at Embudo, N. Mex 189 

Rio Grande near Cenicero, Colo , . 193 

Rio Grande near Del Norte, (^lo. . 194 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Fic J. 1 . Location of river Htations and principal irrigation projects in western 

half of United States, 190tJ-:i 10 

2. Location of river BtatioiLs in eantem half of United States. 19<)*2-:^ 1 1 
(> 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



Deparment of the Interior, 
ITnited States Geological Survey, 

Dn^isiON OF Hydrography, 
Washingfw}, IX C'., June 20, 1003. 
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith Water-Supply Paper 
No. H4, which is Part III of the Report of Progress of Sti*eani Meas- 
urements for 1002. This paper contains tlie data wliicli lias lieen 
received during 1002 from that i)ortion of the territory west of tlie 
Mississippi River which drains either into tlie Mississippi River or 
the western Gulf of Mexico. This paper will l)e followed by Water- 
Supply Paper No. >iOy whicli will contain the data from the remainder 
of the Western States, and will also complete the Progress Report of 
Stream Measurements for 1002. 

These papers contain, for the various gaging stations, the original 
data as collected and the results o])tained from the discussion of these 
data, also such other information as is of interest in hydrographic 
studies. 

Very respectfully, 

F. II. Newell, 
HijdrtHjrapher in Charge, 
lion. Charles D. Walcott, 

DirerUyr United SUites Geologiad Surrey, 

7 



PROGRESS REPORT OF STREAM MEASURE- 
MENTS FOR THE CALENDAR YEAR 1902. 

P-A.KT III. 



By F. II. Newell. 



INTRODIKrnOX. 

This paper contains the data collected in llie territory whicli drains 

^rom the West either into the Gulf of Mexico or the Mississippi River, 

and for convenience in arrangement the material lias l)«*en ^rf)iiped 

under these two headings. This paper witli Water-Supply Paper No. 

So make up the Progress Report of Stream Meiisurements for the ter- 

I'itory west of the Mississippi River. The report for th(» t<'rritorv <»ast 

of the Mississippi River is contained in W^ater-Supply Papers Xos. «2 

and 8.'{. The material in each of these papers consists of both the 

original data jus collected at the varicms river stations and the results 

obtained from the discussion of these data; also brief descriptions 

and facts regartiing such other subjects as are allied to hydrojxraphic 

studies. 

For convenience in arrangement the data under the two main parts 
of this pai)erhave been grouped by drainage areas and these have* been 
arranged geographically from North to Soutli. 

In collecting hydrographic data the Geological Survey has received 
the hearty cooperation of various individuals, corporations, and States, 
as mentioned hereafter. This cooperat ion has made i^ossible the pub- 
lication of many valuable records whidi could not otherwis<> have 
been obtained. 
A brief historical sketch of the stream measurements made by the 
j Geological Survey is published on pages 11 to 15 of Water-Supply 
Paper No. 75. 

On figs. 1 and 2 the full dots show the relative location of the stations 
at which the U. S. Geological Survey is collecting hydrographic data. 
The section west of the shaded line comprises those States which are 

9 



10 



STREAM MEASITREMKNTS IN 11K>2, PART III. 



[xo. SI. 



covered by the uational irrigation act of Juno 17, 11K)2 (Stat. L., vol. 
32, pp. 388-390), and the cross-lined areas show the loc»ation of the 
irrigation projects which are now under investigation. 
TThe results of the stream measurements made during the past years 




Pig. l.—L<Mrati(m «)f river stfttioiw and principal irrigation projiHts iu\ve4«'in half of United 



by the U. S. Geological Survey can be found in the following publi- 
cati(ms, which may be consulted at the public libraries in most cities: 

1893. Bulletin No. 131. 

1894. Bulletin No. 131. 

1895. Bulletin No. 140. 



IKTBODUCnON. 



11 



Water-Snpply Paper No. 11; Part IV'of the Eighteenth Annual Report. 
Water-Snpply Papers Noe. 15 and 16; Part IV of the Nineteenth Annual 

Water-Supply Papers Nos. 27 and 28; Part IV of the Twentieth Annual 




Pig. 2.— Location of river Btations in ea«tem lialf of Unltwl StatoM, ltt)3-;{. 



Water-Supply Papers Nos. 35 to 3». inclusive: Part r\^ of the Twenty-first 
Report. 

Water-Supply Papers Nos. 47 to 52. inclusive; Part IV of the Twenty- 
Annual Reix)rt. 

Wat«r-Supply Papers Nos. 05. (MJ. and 75. 

Water-Supply Papers Nos. 82 and 85, inclusive. 



12 8TRKAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART TIT. [no.W. 

AC KNO WLK naM EN TS. 

Most of the measurements presented in this paper liave l)eon obtained 
through local hydrographei*s and engineers. AcknowUHlgment is 
due to each of tliese persons, and thanks are extended to other persons 
and corporations who have assisted \(k*^\ hydrographers or who liave 
cooperated in any way, eitlier by furnishing records or ])y assisting in 
transportation. 

The following list, arranged alphabetically by States, gives the 
names of the resident hydrographers and others who have assist^Hl in 
furnishing and preparing the data contained in this report: 

Colorado.— Resident hydrographer, A. L. Fellows, assisted by M. C. Hinder- 
lider. Acknowledgments are also due to the following individuals and corpora- 
tions for assistance rendered and data furnished: Hon. A. J. McCune, State engi- 
neer of Colorado; Hon. J. J. Armstrong, E. R. Chew, and A. F. Reeves, super- 
intendents of irrigation; L. H. Dickson and T. J. Burrows, water crommissioiiers; 
also to other water commissioners who have given assistance from time to time. 

Transportation has been furnished by the Denver and Rio Grande, Atchison. 
Topeka and Santa Fe, Colorado and Southern, Union Pacific, and Rio Grande 
Southern railroads. 

Special assistance was rendered by the officers of the Arkansas Valley Beet and 
Irrigated Laud Company, at Lamar, and C. A. Jones, at Forks Creek. 

Kansas, — Resident hydrographer. W. G. Russell. Acknowledgments are also 
due to the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific: Missouri. Kansas and Texas: Atchi- 
son, Toi)eka and Santa Fe, and Union Pactific mil ways for transportation furnished 
resident hydrographer in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Indian Territory. 

Montana. — Resident hydrographer, J. S. Baker, assisted by H. B. Waters. 
Acknowledgments are also due to Arthur P. Stover, wh) furnished the results of 
a number of measurements on the West Gallatin River, near Salesville. Mont., 
and on Middle Creek, near Bozeman. Mont. 

Nebraska. — Resident hydrographer, J. C. Stevens. AcknowledKUients are also 
due to the following individuals and coriK)rations for assistance rendered and 
data furnished: 

Adna Dobson. C. E., State engineer, secretary of the State board of irrigation: 
B. E. Forbes, assistant secretary State board of irrigation; H. (). Smith, Lexing- 
ton. Nebr., under secretary Stiit. board of irrigation: Rol)ert H. Willis, C. E.. 
Bridgeport. Nebr. , under assistant State board of irrigation. The Burlington and 
Missouri River, and Fremont. Elkhom and Missouri Valley Railroad Companies 
have also rendered valuable assistance. 

Svw Me^vk'i). — Acknowledgments are duo to W. W. Follett, consulting engineer 
International (Wat^r) Boundary Commission, for the data at stiitions upon the 
Rio Gnuide River l)oth in New Mexico and Texas. 

0A7f///f>///</.— Resident hydrographer. W. G. Russell. 

Soutlk />>f/A*o^/.— Resident hydrographer. J. C. Sttnvns. assisted by Prof. A. B. 
Crane, Brookings, S. Dak. 

Ti'.ras. — Resident hydrograi)her. Thomas U. Taylor. 

Wffom in (J. — Resident hydrographer, A.J. Par shall. Acknowledgments are also 
due to the follo^^ing individuals and cor|)orations for assistance rendered and 
data furnished: 

To H. G. Burt, president of Union Pac^ific Railroad Company: to G. W. Hol- 
drege. g(^neral manager Burlington and Mis.souri River Railroad in NeWaska; to 



MI880UBI BrVER DBAINAGK BASIN. 13 

-ambnll, president of the Colorado and Sonthem Railway Couiiiauy: juid 
e F. Bid well, general manager of Fremont. Elkhorn and Missmri Valley 
for free transportation over their lines. 

owledgnieiits are also due trO John C Iloyt, Cieorge L. Warner, 
Jtokes, and Frank II. Brundage, for computations on and the 
iHient of data of this report. 

TESTEIIX MISSI8S11^PI RIVER DRAINAGE. 

onvenience in arrangement, the stations from which tne Geo- 
Survey has obtained data during 1002, and \yhich are located 
jrs tributary either directly or indirectly to the Mississippi 
rom the West, have been grouped under Missouri, Platte, Kan- 
kansas, and Red River drainage basins. These are arranged 
•eport in this order. 

»n8SOURI RIVER I>RAINAGE RASIN. 

Missouri River is foni^ed by the junction of the Jefferson, 
n, and Gallatin rivers at Three Forks, Mont. Of its tributa- 
e Marais des Cygnes River rises in the eastern part of Kansas, 
ist, and, as Osage River, enters the Missouri below Jefferson 
o. The Big Sioux River drains the extreme east(»rn part of 
>akota and flows south into the Missouri at Sioux City, Iowa, 
obrara River drains the extreme northern part of Nebraska 
^s east into the Missouri at Niobrara, Nebr. The Yellowstone 
tias it« source in a lake of the same name in Yellowstone 
il Park, from which it takes a general northeasterly ccmrse and 
ito the Missouri near the Montana-North Dakota lH)un(lar3'. 
icipal tributaries are the Powder River, of which Clear Creek 
ney Creek in Wyoming are small tributaries near its head- 
and the Big Horn, which drains northeastern Wyoming, and 
h the Shoshone is a tributary. The Milk River rises on the 
in the northwestern jiart of Montana, flows northeast into 
k and then, with a general easterly course, flows back into Mon- 
nptying into the Missouri in the northeastern part of the State, 
isselshell River rises in Meagher County, in soutii central Mon- 
ows east, then north into the Missouri, about loo miles above 
iithof Milk River. The Marias River rises on the divide in the 
est-ern part of Montana and flows east into the Missouri. Two 
le Creek is a tributary near its headwaters. West Crallatin 
the longest fork of the Gallatin, rises in Yellowstone Park and 
orth to its junction at Three Forks, Mont., with the Madison 
Terson Rivers. Middle Creek is a small tributiiry of the East 
1 River. The Madison River rises in Y(*llowstone Park and 
orth parallel to the West (Gallatin. The Jefferson River is 



14 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. Is« «* 

formed by the Beaverhead and Big Hole rivers. Its tributaries drain 
extreme southwestern Montana. The following is a list of the stations 
in the Missouri River drainage basin : 

Marais des Cygnes River at Ottawa, Kans. 

Big Sioux River near Watertown. S. Dak. 

Niobrara River at Niobrara, Nebr. 

Niobrara River at Valentine, Nebr. 

Clear Creek at Buffalo, Wyo. 

Piney Creek at Kearney, Wyo. 

Shoshone River at Cody, Wyo. 

Big Horn River near Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Yellowstone River near Livingston, Mont. 

Milk River at Malta, Mont. 

Milk River at Havre, Mont. 

Mosselshell River at Shawmnt, Mont. 

Marias River near Shelby, Mont. 

Two Medicine Creek at Mid vale. Mont. 

Missouri River at Cascade, Mont. 

Missouri River at Townsend, Mont. 

Gallatin River at Liogan, Mont. 

West Qallatin River near Salesville, Mont. 

Middle Creek near Bozeman, Mont. 

Madison River near Norris, near Redbluff , Mont. 

Jefferson River at Sappington, Mont. 

MARAIS DES CYGNES RIVER AT OTTAWA, KANS. 

This Station was established August 20, 1902, by AV. G. Russell, and 
is located on the highway bridge near the center of the t<jwn of 
Ottawa, Kans. The gage is of the usual wire tyiH\ with the scale bar 
graduated to feet and tenths, and spiked to the bridge ftoor. The 
initial i>oint for sounding is on tlie right bank. The channel both 
above and below the station is straight and the current quite swift. 
Both the right and left banks are high and tlie l)ed of the stream is 
rocky. The gage is read daily b}' W. 11. BlH<;ksl4»n. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 11K)2: 

August 26: Gage height, 8.60 feet: disttharpe, 2,080 »econ<l-feet. 
September 25: Gage height, 5.40 feet; discliarge, 3,390 second-feet. 
November 22: Gage height, 2.20 feet; discharge, 417 second-feet. 



SKWKLL.1 



MI880URI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



15 



Iktiiy gage height^ in feet, of Marais (leu Cygnes River at Ottawa, Kans, 



Day. Auk- Sept. j 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


, Day. 


, Ang. 1 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


we. . 


\ \ 








1 i9oe. 


1 










I 


.... 13..Tt) , 


4.00 ' 
2.60 ! 


1.90 
1.90 


2.50 
2.30 


. 1" 

Il« 




1.80 
1.80 


2.20 
2.10 


2.70 
2.40 


2.30 


2 


.... ».15| 


2.20 


W 


.... 3.3), 


2.40 


1.90 


2.50 


19 




1.70 


2.10 


2.40 


2.10 


4 


.... 2.4f) 


laTO 1 


2.00 


4.70 


20 




1.80 


2.00 


2.30 


4.80 


5 


.... 2.jy|l 


2K.25 


2.40 


3.00 


21 




1.80 


2.00 


2.20 


11. eo 


6 .... 


.... 6.301 


22.30 1 


2.40 


2.40 


22 


' 


2.90 


2.(X) 


2.20 


7.60 


• 


.... 15.90 1 
.... 9.80 


16.20 1 
3.30 


2.20 
2.10 


2.30 
2.20 


23 




7.00 
12.76 


2.00 
2.U) 


2.20 
2.20 


3.50 


8 


,2* 




2.90 


» 


.... 2.90: 


2.80 j 


2.00 


2.20 


'26 




7.20 


2.00 


2.40 


2.50 


HI 


.... 2.30 


2.00 1 


2.00 


2.20 


j 26 


3.flO 


3.50 


2.00 


2.40 


2.40 


11 


.... 2.10' 


2.50 


2.00 


2.10 


1 27 


2.80 


2.70 


l.«) 


2.30 


2.40 


li 


... 2.10 1 


2.40 ' 


1.90 


2.30 


28 


2.50 


2.40 


1.90 


2.20 


2.:« 


13 


.... 2.00, 


2.40 


2.00 


2.30 


29 


2.30 


2.21) 


1.90 


2.10 


2.30 


H 


... 2.00 


2.30 


2.00 


2.30 


30 


2.20 i 


4.50 


1.90 


2.10 


2.20 


15 


.... 1,90 I 


2.21 


3.70 


2.20 


|81 


7.45 




1.90 




2.20 


16 


.... 1.90 

1 


2.a)i 


3.40 


2.20 


1 













BIG SIOUX RIVER NEAR WATERTOWN, S. DAK. 

Big Sioux River rises in Grant County, S. Dak., alx>ut 30 miles 
north of Watertown. Its principal headwaters drain lands consti- 
tuting part of the Sisseton and Wabpeton Indian Reservation. Its 
general course is southeast, and it empties into Missouri River near 
Sioux City, Iowa. The river is of interest on account of its wat«r 
powers, a number of which have been developed, principally at P'lan- 
dreau, Dell Rapids, and Sioux Falls, S. Dak., and at Akron, Iowa. 

Lake Poinsett, which lies almost wholly in Hamlin County, S. Dak., 
has its outlet in Big Sioux River near Dempster, a short distance 
above Estelliuo. Immediately below the outlet of the lak(^ a dam has 
been constructed on the Big Sioux to maintain the level of the laki^ 
within certain limits. 

The gaging station was established by O. V. P. Stout, the gage 
being put in September 15, 1000, by George W. CarpenU^r, county 
surveyor for Codington County. It is located on the farm of L. E. 
Spicer, about 4 miles above Watertown. The gage consists of an 
inclined rod securely fastened on the right bank of the stream. The 
observer is L. E. Spicer. During 1902 the following discharge meas- 
urement's were made by A. B. Crane. 

May 24; Gage height. 1.42 feet: discharge, 22 sectond-feet. 
Jnly 15: Gage height, 0.76 foot; discharge 2.3 .second -feet. 
November 15: Gage height 0.82 foot; discharge, 2.7 second-feet. 



16 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III, [no. »i 

Daily gnge height, in feet, of Big Sioxur River at Watertmrti, S. J^ik, 



3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

I. 

8. 

9- 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14- 
16. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
2K. 
27. 
28. 
29. 

ai). 

81. 



Day. 
19U2. 



May. Jtmo. 



1.15 



July. 



1.15 



1.15 



.88 



1.15 : .85 

1.13 



I 



l.(K) ; 

.90 
l_ 

,a5 I- 



Aug. 



0. 70 



Sept. 



0. 91 



.70 '. 



.70 1 



.v:.| 



I 



8:j I .7:^ 



.83 

.K5 



l.W) 

1.25 1.00 i 
ft-> 



1.15 



.83 ' 
.80 



CVt. Nov. 



.70 .W 0.70 



.! .70 I 



.7:)! '. 



.70 !. 



.70 L 
.70 i 



.70 ' 



.70 



..'0 ... 



.1 



.. L . .1 

♦» ( )ljH«.rvation8 diHt^ontinmMl Novonib?^' ^ <>ii a«'<roniit of ire. 



.70 ' 



.flO I 

I 



I 



72 ' . 7S 

73 I .j;o 



I 



.8(» 



.80 



_ __l I 






.« 



NIOBRARA RIVER AT NIOBRARA, XEBR. 

This HlHtioii WH.S estHblished May 11, 11)02, by J. C. Stevens. It 
is loeattjd at tho wooden highway brid^jje J mile southwest of the 
city of Niol)rara. The ^age is of the usual wire type, graduated to 
feet and lialf-tenths. It is read (biily by Miner Thompson, who lives 
near by. The measurements are takon from the bridge. The initial 
point of soundings i.s on the east end of the bridge on the upstream 
side. The chanm^l is straight for a considerable distan(?e both above 
and below the station. The banks are low, but not liable to overflow. 
The bed of the stream is sandy and shifting. Tlu^ main channel 
seems to be changing from the riglit to th(i left bank. Tiie zero-mark 
uf the gage is O.S feet east of the face of th(^ fourth floor beam from 
the west end of lh(^ bridge. From th(^ index on the wire to the bottom 
of tlie sash weight is J!) feet. When the gage reads zero the water is 



I 



MI880UBI BIVEB DBAINAOE BASIN. 



17 



feet below the top of the face plate on the south pier at tlie west 
■ the bridge. 



IHsdiarge nieiumrenienis of Niobrara River at Nioltrani, Nebr. 



Date. 



Hydrographer. 



1902. 



t;21 



J. C. Stevens- 

do 

do 

do 



iher28 i do 



I 



Gasre 
bei^t. 



DiAcharge. 



^Wt. 


Sec-feet. 


2.55 


1,637 


2.85 


2,021 


2.00 


1,401 


2.10 


1,106 


1.90 


2,201 



Ditily gage height, in feet , of Niobrara River at Niobrara^ Nebr, 



Day. 



May. Jnne. Jtily. Ang. Sept. 



19QS. 



2.5J 

2.57 I 

2. .57 ' 

2.70 

2.70 

2.75 ; 

2.57 

2.67 

2.80 

2.00 

3.00 

2.90 

2.57 

2.45 

2.50 

2.(iO 
2.55 
2. .50 
2. 45 



Oct. 



2.80 


2.70 


2.70 


2.60 


2.40 


2. .50 


2.90 


2.65 


2.50 


2.40 


2.50 


2.95 


2.65 


2.60 


2.40 


2.55 


2.90 


2.60 


2.50 


2.30 


2.70 


2. CO 


2.60 


2.45 


2.30 


2.60 


2.80 


2.55 


2.45 


2.30 


2.60 


2.70 


2.65 


2.50 


2.25 


2.55 


2.70 


2.55 


2.45 


2.20 


2.70 


2.75 


2.60 


2.40 


2.20 


2.60 


2.67 


2.60 


2.45 


2.20 


2.50 


2. CO 


2.70 


2.40 


2.10 


2.75 


2.60 


5^.60 


2.:J5 


2.10 


2.60 


2.60 


2.55 


2.40 


2.10 


2.60 


2.&5 


2.50 


2.35 


2.10 


2.60 


2.60 


2.70 


2.30 


2.05 


2.65 


2.60 


2.70 


2.20 


2.00 


2.75 


2.60 


2.75 


2.3^) 


2.10 


2.70 


2.60 


2.80 


2.20 


1.90 


2.65 


2.65 


2.85 


2.20 


1.90 


2.a5 


2.60 


2.75 


2.50 


2.(K) 


2.75 


2.60 


2.70 


2.90 


2.00 


2.80 


2.60 


2.80 


2.80 


1.90 


2.80 


2.55 


2.70 


2.80 


1.90 


2.60 


2.60 


2.60 


2.60 


1.90 


2.60 


2.65 


2.75 


2.60 


1.90 


2.70 


2.75 


2.90 


2.50 


(") 


2.85 


2.70 


2.75 


2.50 




2.70 


2.70 


2.fi5 


2.nO 




2.80 


2.70 


2.60 


2.4;5 




2.75 


2.70 
2.70 


2. .55 
2.60 


2.40 





« Obeervations disfontiniied October 25, on aocount of ico. 

IRR 84—03 2 



18 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [no. Si 

NIOBRARA RIVER AT VALENTINE, NEBR. 

A gaging station was established July 22, 1897, by O. V. P. St,oiit, 
and was known as the Fort Niobrara station. It was about three- 
puarters of a mile southwest from Fort Niobrara and about '3 miles 
east of Valentine, Nebr. The original gage was an oak rod 2 by 4 
inches, graduated to tenths of a foot, and fastened in a vertical posi- 
tion by lag screws to a plumb post in the trestle bent which serves as 
the west pier of the military bridge near Fort Niobrara. The zero of 
the gage was 9.08 feet below the top of the short cap, at the shoe of the 
north truss at the west end of the bridge; it was also 8.09 feet below the 
top of the north end of the long pile cap, below the cap above noted; 
and also 9.17 feet lower than the top of the west side of the iron cap 
of the north cylinder of the center pier of the bridge. This st-ation 
was afterwards discontinued, but was resumed on April 26, 1899, when 
a rod was located 195 feet downstream from the wagon bridge near 
Fort Niobrara. The rod was solidly bedded on cross- ties and well 
fastened with bridge spikes. It was a new 3 by 4 inch oak rod 10 feet 
long, and was placed on the left bank of the stream. Bench mark No. 1 
was the top of a large spike driven in the top of a 2 by 4 inch timber 
which was set 4 feet in the ground and 12 feet west of the rod, and was 
5.63 feet above gage datum. Bench mark No. 2 was the top of the 
short cap at shoe of truss at west end of tlie bridge, downstream side, 
and was 9.98 feet above the zero of the gage. Bench mark No. 3 was 
the top of the plate of the center jHcr of the bridge, downstream side, 
and was 10.03 feet above gage datum. Thomas Dillon, mail carrier 
between Valentine and Fort Niobrara, was the observer. On June 26, 
1901, it was reestablished at the Borman bridge, which is al>out 3 
miles upstream from the military bridge. The gage is of the wire 
and weight type, gage heights being marked by staples on the bridge 
rail. The zero of the gage is 12 feet l>elow the top of the bridge floor. 

Discharge measurv meats of Niobrara Hirer at Valentine, Nebr. 



I 
Date. Hydr<>nri*ai)her. 



1902. 

March 22. ' J. C. Stevens 

April 12 ..do 

June 15... do 

July 4 . .do 

July 20 .do 

August 20 - do 

September 26. do ... 

November IIJ do 



Qajfo 
height. 


VtStnibaXffi- 


Feet, 


Hec.-fftt- 


1.66 


9T1 


1.50 


784 


1.30 


5*5 


1.60 


80O 


1.40 


707 


1.40 


6» 


1.5.5 


7^ 


1.60 


-re 




^ 



NKWELL.] M1880DRI BIVEB DBAINAGE BASIN. 19 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Niobrara River at Valentine, Nebr, 



Day. 


Mar. 


1902. 
1. 




2 


1 


4 


5 


6 ' 




8 


9 


C*) 


10 


1.78 


11 


1.80 


12 


1.7B 


13 


l.TO 


14 


1.87 


15 


1.85 


16 


1.40 


17 .... 


i.as 


18 


1.60 


1» 


1.96 


» 

fl 


1.85 
2.U5 


s 


1.66 


& 


1.76 


24 


1.9B 


25 


1.90 


28 


196 


27 


1.98 


28 


1.H9 


29 


1.83 


an 


1.97 


81 


1.85 



1.58 
1.61 
1.64 
1.70 
1.68 
1.75 
1.50 
1.58 
1 54 
1.55 
1.44 
1.54 
1.58 
1.60 
1.54 
1.64 
l.?2 
1.68 
1.58 
1.56 
1.47 
1.74 
1.89 
1.53 
1.80 
1.75 
1.54 
1.72 
1.58 
1.65 



May. 



I 



1.63 
1.65 
1.60 
1.58 
1.66 
1.53 
1.47 
1.58 
1.80 
1.54 
1.52 
1.64 
1.67 
1.66 
1.63 
1.4T 
1.52 
1.49 
1.83 
1.78 
1.51 
1.45 
1.51 
1.46 
1.44 
1.42 
1.48 
1.37 
1.40 
1.33 
1.42 



June. 



1.50 
1.42 
1.44 
1.45 
1.64 
1.S5 
1.44 
1.68 
1.42 
1.40 
1.42 
1.60 
1.48 
1.40 
1.28 
1.42 
^1.47 
*1.34 
1.52 
1.47 
1.38 
1.80 
1.32 
1.38 
1.33 
1.34 
1.37 
1.46 
1.95 
2.10 



July. Ang, 



8.10 
1.95 
1.73 
1.68 
1.58 
1.38 
1.25 
1.90 
1.88 
1.32 
1.32 
1.36 
1.27 
1.32 
1.26 
1.25 
1.28 
1.40 
1.42 
1.40 
1.34 
1.82 
1.37 
1.41 
1.32 
1.38 
1.35 
1.32 
1.34 
1.45 
1.36 



Sept. I Oct. ! Nov. 



1.31 
1.32 
1.38 
1.31 
1.42 
1.38 
1.81 
1.48 
1.48 
1.40 
1.24 
1.20 
1.86 
1.38 
1.39 
1.38 
1.44 

1.37 ; 

1.38 
1.34 
1.45 
1.43 
1.84 
1.48 
1.62 
1.46 
1.31 
1.38 
1.40 
1.48 
1.52 



I 



1.40 
1.88 
1.30 
1.27 
1.28 
1.30 
1.27 
1.41 
1.28 
1.26 
1.33 
1,32 
1.29 
1.37 
1.33 
1.35 
1.34 
1.46 
1.40 
1.48 
1.45 
1.47 
1.33 
1.87 
1.48 
1.50 
1.53 
1.45 
1.57 
1.42 



1.48 I 
1.47 \ 
1.42 
1.44 1 

1.47 I 
1.45! 

1.44 1 

1.45 ' 
1.46, 

1.51 ! 
1.53 

1.65 . 

1.52 j 
1.49 

1.48 ' 

1.66 i 
1.52: 

1.48 I 
1.50 

1.49 , 
1.48 I 
1.51 I 
1.55 

1 50 ' 

1.51 I 
1.56 I 

1.53 ' 

1.52 j 
1.51 
1.54 

1.50 ' . 

I 



1.58 
1.64 
1.53 
1.60 
1.57 
1.55 
1.54 
1.58 
1.54 
1.52 
1.50 
1.66 
1.80 
1.68 
1.56 
1.62 
1.66 
1.61 
1.64 
1.57 
1.50 
1.56 
1.62 
1.53 
1.60 
1.51 
1.56 
1.53 
1.46 
1.48 



Dec. 



1.55 
1.48 
1.16 

\.m 

(«) 



o Ice interfered with observations from January I to March 9 and from Deceml>er 6 to 31. 
Rating tattle for Niobrara River at Valentine, Nehr.,for 190 J. 



I he^t. 



Fret. 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 



Discharge. »{S5 



height. 



Second-feet: 


Feet. 


475 


' 1.3 


490 


1.4 


525 


1.5 



Discharge. 

Second-feet 
580 
655 
750 



hSSTt. :i>^^-^N h». 



Feet. 
1.6 
1.7 

1.8 



Second-feet 

865 



J" 



Feet. 
1.9 

1,000 2.0 

1,155 



Dim'harge. ! 

Second-feet. 
1.330 
1,525 



20 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN lUOJ, PART III. [so.SL 

Estimated vnnitUly diacharge of the yiobrara Rh^r at Valentine, yebr. 
I DraiiiaKu area, 6,070 Hquare iuih«i.J 



Di»(;har(jre in ttecond-fHut. 



Month. 



Maximum. 



Minimum. 
\ 



March, 23 dayH . 

April 

May . 

Jane 

July 

Angnst 

September 

October 

November 



1,155 i 

1,240 • 

1,740 ! 

4,260 ' 

865 

865 

805 

930 



700 ' 
615 ! 
580 ' 
580 I 
525 
550 ' 
655 I 
700 ' 



Mean. 



1,169 I 
896 
802 
740 
805 I 
653 • 
649 I 
745 I 
. 807 ' 



Run-«)(r. 



Total in 
acpe-foet. 



51,011 
53,310 
49,305 
44,030 
49,490 
40,145 
38,614 
45, 805 
48,015 



SiM;ond-fe<»t 
mile. 



0.19 
.15 
.13 
.12 
.13 
.11 
.11 
.12 
.13 



.1 



Depth in 
in(*hes. 



0.16 
.17 
.15 
.13 
.15 
.13 
.13 
.14 
.15 



CLEAR CREEK AT BUFFALO, WYO. 

This station was established October 24, 1902, by Jeremiah Ahern. 
It is located at the highway bridge in the town of Buffalo, Johnson 
County, Wyo. The gage is a plain staff graduated to feet and tenths, 
spiked to the pier at the northwest end of the bridge. The initial 
point for sounding is on the left bank. Measurements are made from 
the bridge. The channel is straight both above and below the sta- 
tion. Both banks a^'e high and rocky. The l>ed of the stream is also 
rocky. The gage is read daily by P. A. Gatchell. The bench mark 
is U. S. G. S. B. M. at the court-house, marked *'SHER 4(;35." Ele- 
vation 4,635.033 feet. The elevation of the gage as determined from 
this bench mark is 4,005.766 feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Clear Creek at Buffalo, Wyo. 





Day. 
1902. 


Jnov. 

r 


Dec. 

1 

0.90 

.90 1 
.80 
.«) 
.80 

.90 
.90 


Day. 

i9a>. 

9 

10 


' Nov. 

1 


Dec. 

1.00 
.80 
.80 
.90 
.90 
.90 
1.10 
1.00 


Day. 

1902. 
' 17 


Nov. 

0.70 
.«8 
.70 
.80 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.80 


Dec. 

l.(X) 

1.00 

.90 

.85 
.90 
.85 
.85 
.85 


2:i 
2«- 
27 

2: 

3* 

' ::i 


Day. 


Inov.' 
1 


Dec. 


1 


i»:e. 


-.i 0.85 
.- .90 ' 
.., 1.00 
..,1.00 1 
.. 1.20 1 
..' l.CO 1 


80 


« 


' 18. 

19 

20 

21 

22 

2;^ 

24 


80 


8 


11 




75 


4. 

5 


12. . 
18 




.90 
1.20 
1 30 


ft 


14 




7 


15. 




1 90 


8. 




1 . 
1 


16 


. O.Si 




1 





NEWELL.] 



MISSOURI BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



21 



PINEY CREEK AT KEARNEY, WYO. 

This station was established September 6, 1902, by Jeremiah Ahem. 
It is located at the highway bridge at Kearney, Johnson County, Wyo., 
which is on the stage route between Sheridan and Buffalo, 24 miles 
from Sheridan. The gage is a vertical staff graduated to feet and 
tenths and spiked to the abutment of the bridge. It is read daily by 
R. 1>. No3'ce. The initial point for sounding is on the right bank. 
Di.scharge measurements ai'e taken from the bridge. The channel is 
straight for 600 feet above and 200 feet below the station. The left 
bank is high, and liable to overflow at extreme high water. The right 
bank is high and does not overflow. The bed of the stream is gravel. 
The bench mark is the U. S. G, S. bench mark at Geier's Ranch, 
about 600 feet from the gage. It is marked '' SIIER 4GG2." Eleva- 
tion 4,661.767 feet. The elevation of the zero of the gage as referred 
to this bench mark is 4,645.963 feet. 

The following discharge measurement was made in 1902, by J. 
Ahern. 

Septemher 6: Gfige height, 1.41 feet; discharge, 21 8e(u>ud-feet. 
Daily gage Jieight^ in feet, of Piney Creek at Kearney, Wyo, 



i>ay. 


{sept. 
I 


Oct. Day. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


D.r. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Day. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


iwe. 
1 


i 


1.47 1 8 


1.43 
1.43 
1.43 
1.43 
1.4S 
1.43 
1.43 
1.48 


1.41 
1.40 
1.41 
1.40 
1.80 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 


IflOg. 
IT 

^' 

19 

20 

21 

22. 


1.48 
1.49 
1.48 
1.47 
1.48 
1.46 
1.45 
1.43 


1.39 


1902. 
25 


1.42 1.44 


t 

3 

4 


1.43'' 10 

1.43,1 11 

1.4S ' 12 


1.39 1 r. 

1..38 27 

!.:» i 2t; 

1..S0 j %) 

1.40 j 30 


1.47 1 

1.60 

i.4:{ 


S 

6 


1.41 14 


1.50 
1.40 




7 


.1 1.45 


1.40 15... 


28 

24 




8 


1.42 16 

ii 


1.40 







SHOSHONE RIVER AT CODY, WYO. 



This Station was established April 2G, 1902, by A. J. Parshall. It 
is located at the wagon bridge 1 mile northwest of Cody, Wyo. The 
gage is a plain staff graduated to one- half tenths and is fastened to 
the bridge, from which discharge measurements are made. The ini- 
tial point for sounding is on the left bank. The channel is straight 
both above and below the station. The current is swift. The right 
bank is low and subject to overflow. The left bank is high and does 
not overflow. The bed of the stream is gravel and rock. The bench 
mark is a bolt in the bridge sleeper 1.15 feet above* the 12-foot mark 
on the gage. It is indicated by a cross. The observer is W. J. Kis- 
sick, who reads the gage twice daily. 



22 



STBEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[yo.»i 



During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
A. J. Parshall: 

April 26: Gage height, 2.40 feet; discharge, 538 second-feet. 
June 7: Gage height, 4.80 feet; discharge, 4,852 second-feet. 
Jnly 17: Gage height, 4.10 feet; discharge, 2,812 second-feet. 
July 31: Gage height, 3.65 feet; discharge, 2.039 second-feet. 
December 8: Gage height, 2.00 feet; discharge, 270 second-feet. 

Daily gage height^ in feet ^ of Sfutsftone Hixfer at Cody, ^^yo. 



Day. 



190e. 



8. 
3. 
4. 

6. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

8. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
18. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
28. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 



May. ' June. 



2.75 I 

8.00 

2.65 

2.60 I 

2.50 I 

2.60 ' 

3.00 

3.55 

4.00 

4.20 

4.40 

4. 15 

4.80 

4.50 

4.90 

4.60 

4.:« 

4.40 
4.10 
3.65 
8.50 
3.50 
3.50 
3.50 
8.60 
3.90 
4.75 
5.25 
5.25 
6.50 
5. 75 



6.50 
5.00 
4.60 
4.60 
5.00 
5.00 
4. HO 
5.6U 
6.00 
6.00 
6.61) 
6.80 
6. a) 
6.00 
5.40 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
4.70 
4.50 
5.00 
4.90 
5.25 
5.25 
5.25 
5.25 
5.00 
4.85 
4.50 
4.50 



Jaly. , Aag. Sept. Oct. 



4.15 I 
4.45 
4.65 I 
4.45 I 
4.00 , 
4.06 ' 
4.00 I 
4.00 I 
4.00 I 
4.05 I 
4.20 I 
4.50 ! 
4.60 
4.45 ] 
4.45 
4.2-> 
4.25 
4.^, 
4.85 
4.00 ' 
4.00 \ 
4. 10 , 
4.10 ' 
4.00 
4.00 

4.00 ; 

4.00 ' 
4.10 ' 
4.20 

4. a) 

4.(10 



I 
4.00 I 
4.00 I 
4.00 I 



3.45 
8.40 
3.60 
8.46 
8.60 
8.60 
8.15 
8.00 

aoo 

8.00 
8.00 
3.00 
3.00 
8.00 
3.00 
3.00 
8.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
8.00 
8.00 
3.00 
2.50 



2.50 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 



2.90 
160 
190 
290 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2. SO 
2.50 
2.50 
ISO 
2.30 
150 
IfiO 
150 
160 
150 
150 
160 
150 
160 
150 
150 
150 
150 
150 
160 
160 
150 
150 
160 



>twwx.] MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 28 

Rating taiile for Shoshone River at Cody, Wyo.jfor 1902, 



\ 


h^ei^t. I>i«^l^r^- 


aacre 
height. 

Feet. 


Difirharge. 


Gase 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Fret. Sfc*miUfeft. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet: 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


1 1.5 ' 80 ' 

1 1 


2.8 


860 


4.1 


2,920 


5.4 


5,585 




1.6 70 


2.9 


960 


4.2 


3, 125 


5. 5 


5,790 




1.7 ! 110 1 


3.0 


1,070 


4.3 


3,330 


5.6 


5,995 




l.«| 160 


3.1 


1,190 


4.4 


3,535 5.7 


6,200 


■ 


1.9 1 210 ' 


3.2 


1,320 


4.5 


3,740 5.8 


6,405 




2.0 ] 270 


3.3 


1.460 


4.6 

1 


3,945 5.9 


6,610 


1 2.1 3;J5 


3.4 


1,610 


; 4.7 


4,150 ;; 6.0 


6.815 


1 2.2 j 400 1 


3. 5 


1,770 


4.H 


4,355 ' 6.1 


7,020 


j 2.3 470 


3.6 


1,940 


4.9 


4,560 6.2 


7, 225 


I 1 2.4 540 ' 


3.7 


2,120 


5.0 


4.765 6.3 


7,430 


i i 2.5 615', 


3.8 


2,310 


5.1 


4,970 6.4 


7,6;{5 


i 2.6 1 690 ! 


3.9 


2,510 


5.2 


5,175! 6.5 


7,840 


1 2.7 i 770 ■ 

-, L '_ i 


4.0 


• 2,715 


" 


5.380 




» ; Estimated monthly disehnrge of Shoshone River at Cody, Tt 


I/O. 



j Diflcharge in 80cond-feet. 



May 

June .... 

July 

AngriHt . - 
Septemlier 
October .. 



Month. 



1902. 



Maximum. 


Minimam. 


Mean. 


Total in acre- 
ft»et. 


6,300 


615 


2,752 


168,904 


8,045 


3,740 


5,246 


311,632 


4,045 


2,715 


2, 755 


169,112 


2, 715 


615 


1,346 


82, 762 


615 


615 ; 


615 


37,749 


615 


615 


615 


37,749 



BIGHORN RIVER NEAR THERMOPOLIS, WYO. 

This station, which was established by A. J. Parshall on May 28, 
1900, was located about a half mile northeast of Therniopolis, at the 
ferry cro.s8ing the river. The gage, which consists of a horizontal rod 
extending out over the wat^^r, is fastened to a post set firmly in the 
hank. On the horizontal stick is attached the wire gage by means of 
which the heights of the river are recorded. The bench mark was the 
head of a nail in a stick driven in the ground 1 foot south of the post 
to which the gage ro<l is fastened and 2.58 feet l)elow the top of the 
gage frame. The bench mark has been destroyed. A new gage, wliose 
relative heights are the same as thf)se of th(» gage of 1001, was painted 
on a pier on the riglit bank in lOo:]. This gage is reached only by the 



24 



8TR£AM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART in. 



[K0.8i 



water when it is at a height of 3 feet above datum. It will enable 
the observer to read heights of high water more accurately than can 
be done upon the gage rod which is in tlie center of the stream and is 
exposed to the force of the current, causing a rise and fall of several 
inches on the rod. Discharge nie^isurements were first made from 
a ferryboat, but, beginning with 1902, they have l>een made from the 
bridge which was recently erected. The channel is straight above and 
below the station. Both banks are high and not subject to overflow. 
The bed of the stream is of gravel and shifts during extreme higb 
water. In 1901 a gage was painted upon one of the lower piers of the 
new State bridge ovc^r the river, 4(X) or 50() feet upstream from th^ 
former station. The relative heights on tlie rod remaine<l as before, 
the same bench mark l)eing used. During 1902 the following discharge 
measurements were made by A. J. Parshall: 

June It: Qage height. 4.70 feet; discharge, 9,080 second-feet. 
June 14: Gage height. 4.40 feet; discharge, 8.391 second-feet. 
June 16: Gage height. 3.00 feet; discharge, 6..S34 second-feet. 



Daily gage height, iti feet, of Bighctrn River near nermopiiliH, Wyo. 



l>tLy. 



June. I July. Auk- , Sept. 



1. 
2- 
8. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 

n. 

12. 
18. 
14. 
15. 
16. 



mvt. 



I 



2.4<) 
2.00 
2.70 
2.70 
2.a) 
2.40 
3.40 
3.70 
4.20 
4.20 
4.70 
5.00 
4.00 
4.40 
4.00 
3.00 



2.80 , 
2. HO ' 
2.70 I 
2.00 I 
2.50 
2..'«> 
2.10 
2.00 I 
2.00 ' 
l.flO i 

1.80 ; 

1.80 
1.70 
1.70 
1.00 



I 



2.70 I 
2.00 [ 
2.00 
2.00 I 
2.60 
2.50 . 
2.40 > 

2.:« 

2.30 I 
2.20 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.20 
2.10 
1.50 I 2.10 



21. 
22- 
23. 
24. 



0.90 I 17. 
.80 il 18. 
.80 11 19. 

.80 ' 20. 

ii 
.70 

.70 

.00 

.00 

.90 
1.0) \ 
1.20 

1.00 : 

.90 I 
.80 ' 
.80 I 
.70 i 



2rt.. 

27.. 

28.. 

29. 

3f). 

31. 



Day. 



1902. 



June. 1 


July. 


Ants. 


Sept. 




■ - - 


— - 


" 


3.40 i 


1.50 


2. 10 


o.rc 


3. 40 1 


1.50 


2.10 


.0^ 


3.30 , 


\.m 


2.00 


.m 


2.90 


1.40 


1.90 


.«^ 


.i.m 


1.40 


1.80 


.Oi^ 


2.50 


1.40 


1.70 


.Mjr 


2.40 


i.:*» 


l.OO 


.»» 


2.:«> 


1.30 


1.00 


1.(0 


2.20 


1.40 


1.50 


1.00 


2.. 'JO ' 


2.50 


1.4<) 


.«! 


2.20 


3.00 


1.20 


.90 


2. 10 


3.00 


1.10 


.W 


2.:») 1 


3.00 


l.(K» 


.9) 


2.40 


2.90 


.90 , 


.r^ 




2.80 


.90 





YELLOWSTONE RIVER NEAR LIVINGSTON, MONT. 

The gaging station is located at the liigliway bridge over tlie Yel- 
lowstone River, 5 miles south of Livingston, Mont., at the mouth of 
the (*anyon. It was establislied May 2, 1897, a vertical rod fastened 
to the face of the pier being first used. A wire gage was afterwaixl* 
established. Length of cable 18.30 feet; pulley distance, 0.58 foot. 
The bench mark is the head of the 2-inch nut. on the ('enter pin at the 
foot of the end diagonal of the truss, east pier, upper side, and is 
13.44 feet above datum. 



BfEWELL.] 



MI880rBI BIVER DRAINAGE BAfllN. 



25 



A new bench mark was determined in 1800. It was the Uip of tlie 
end plate of the bridge at the upper side of the east end, at an eleva- 
tion of 14.20 feet above zero of gage. On January 1, 1903, the gage 
(and the datum) were lowered 3.00 feet, making all subsequent readings 
U feet greater. The elevation of bench mark also reads 17.20 feet, 
instead of 14.20 feet. The slope of the water surface at the gaging 
station was found to l)e 0. 14G feet in 200 feet on August 20, 1800. The 
left bank is high and will not overflow. The right bank is low, and 
during floods a part of the water escapes through a slough on that 
side, and has to be measured separately. The observer is Thomas S. 
Carter, rancher. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
H. B. Waters: 

May 1: Gage height. -0.82 foot; discharge, 1,604 set-ond-feet. 
July 16: Gage height. 2.90 feet; diwharge, 8,859 seconrl-feet. 
Angnst 23: Gage height. 0.28 foot: discharge, 8,081 second-feet. 

Dttily gage funght, in feet^ of VellowHtone Rit^er near LivingHtt>u, Mont, 



Day. 



Jan. Feb. \ Mar. Apr. 



IWti. 



I 



May. ' June. 



-1.8f» 
-1.:*) 
-1.00 
- .90 
~IAX) 
-I.IO 



7 1 -1.(10 

« 1 -1.00 



10. 

11 

12. 

13. 

14. 

15 . 

16... 

17... 

18... 

21... 
«... 

a... 

fi... 
«... 



».. 
30. 
31. 



-1.00 
-1.00 
-1.10 

(«) 
-1.30 

-i.;« 

-1.20 
-1.30 
-1.30 
-1.10 
-1.15 

-La) 

-1.30 
-1.20 
-LoO 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 
'-1.00 



L 



<») 

l.flO 

1.50 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

(") 

1.20 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.20 

1.20 

l.r» 

.«0 
1.00 
1.00 

i.ao 

1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 



-1.20 

-1.15 - 

1.20 
-1.20 
-1.25 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.30 
-1.^ 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 

-1.30 
-1.25 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-1.20 
-l.£0 
-1.20 
-1.15 
-1.16 
-1.20 
-1.86 
-1.86 
-l.:jo 



1.20 
1.15 
1.16 
1.15 
1.15 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.15 
1.15 
1.12 
1.12 
1.15 
1.15 
1.15 
1.10 
1.05 
.85 
.80 
.86 

.eo 

.90 
.00 
.70 
.80 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.85 
.HO 



-0.75 

- .80 ■ 

- .80 I 

- .80 

- .75 ; 

- .75 

- 45 
- . 16 

.75 
1.38 
1.78 
1.98 
2.70 
3.03 
3.C5 
3.28 
:135 
2.88 
2.43 
1.93 
1.78 
1.60 
1.4:^ 
1.55 
2.13 
2.68 
3.58 
4.25 
4.55 
5. 10 
5.40 



5.15 
4.20 
3.70 
3.60 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
4.25 
6.20 
5.90 
6.05 
5.80 
6.60 
5.86 
4.65 
4.:« 
4.07 
4.00 
3.^5 
8.67 
3.77 
3.90 

4.a-> 

4.13 
4.00 
4.(» 
3.85 
3.90 
3.55 
3.fl(J 



July. I Aug. Sept. ()<-t. Nov. Det' 



3.50 
3.50 
3.77 
3.57 
3.50 
3.30 
3.20 
3.06 
2.93 
2.90 
2.90 
2.97 
3.00 
3.()l> 
2.90 
2 80 
2.77 
2.622 
2.45 

2.;r> 

2.28 
2.20 
2. 15 
2.10 
2.(« 
1.02 
\.m 
1.75 
1.70 
1.62 



1.52 

1.42 ' 

1.32 

1.20 

1.15 

1.05 

1.00 
.05 
.90 
.85 
.80 
.80 
.80 



.70 
.70 
.70 

.m 

M) 
.40 

Si 
.30 
.2;"> 
.20 
.15 
.10 
.05 
.IN) 

(N) 



(1.05 

- .10 

- .1() 
.15 

- .20 

- .20 

- .25 

- .25 

- .:*) 

- .:«) 

- .:^) 

.40 
.45 

- .45 

- .50 
.5J) 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.55 

- 55 

- .60 

- .60 

- .60 

- .60 

- .65 
.(55 
.05 
.(« 
.(;'> 



-0.ft5 : 

- .70J 

- . 70 ' 
.70 

- .75 



- .80 
-- .80 

- .8.) 

- .80 
.80 

- 85 

- .85 

- .90 

- .90 
.90 

- .115 

- .95 

- .95 

- .95 
.-l.OO 
-1.00 
-1.00 
-l.(X) 
-1.00 

1.00 
l.(X) 
1.00 
1.05 



1.05 

i.(r) 

-1.10 
-1.10 
-1.25 

-i.:«) 

-1.20 

1.06 

1.05 

l.(»5 

1.00 

1.00 

1 00 

-1.00 

-1.05 

-1.10 

-1.10 

-1.10 

-1.15 

-1.15 

-1.25 

-1.35 

-l.:«) 

-1.25 

-1.20 

-l.:«) 
i.:{5 
l.:i5 
l.:r. 

1.45 



r 



- 1. 30 

l.:io 

1.4() 
-1.40 

1.31) 
-1.40 

- 1.60 

-i.:jo 
-l.:jo 

1.40 
1.40 

-i.:)0 
(") 

l.(SO 

-1.70 

1.60 

- \.m 

-1.50 
-1.40 
-1.40 
-1.40 

-I.:*) 

-1.40 
-1.20 
-1.10 

-i.:jo 
(") 

1.50 
1.50 

- 1.50 



«« Biver frozen at K^*^* 



26 STREAM MKASUREMKNTS IN 1902, PART III. fNo «i 

Rating table for YellowHtone Rix^er near Livingston, Mont,,, for lUitS, 



Gage 
height. 



Feet. 

-1.6 

-1.4 

-1.2 

-1.0 

- .8 

- .6 

- .4 

- .2 
.0 



Discharge. 
Second-feet. 


1 height. 


1 

' Feet. 


1.000 


1 0.4 


1,185 


.6 


1,280 


1.0 


1,440 


1,640 


1 1.2 


1,825 


1 ^'^ 


2,070 


1.6 


2,350 


, 1.8 


2,680 


2.0 


3,050 


2.2 



Discharge. 
Setttnd-feet.- 

3,445 i| 

3.840 1 

4.225 ■] 

4,620 I 

5,010 I 

5,395 i 

5,790 I 

6,195 I 
6.590 
6,985 



Ga 
helg 



Feet. 

2.4 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.8 

4.0 : 

4.2 ' 



Discharge.; ^^^ ' Dtecharge. 



Second-feet. 

7,375 

7, 765 

H. 155 

8,545 

8,950 

9,350 

9,750 

10,150 

10,550 

10, 950 



Feet. 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 



Second-feet. 
11,. 350 

11,750 
12,150 
12,550 
12,950 
13,350 
13,750 
14, 150 
14,550 
14,950 



Estimated monthly diHcharge of Yellowstone River near LiiHugston, Mont, 
[Drainage area, :i5H() wiuare miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February . ... 

March 

April 

May 

June - - 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December ... . 

The year 



Diflchargo in 8e<'ond-feot. 



Run-oflf. 



Maximum. Minimum. 

I 

I 

I 
1 
I 



Moan 



Total in 
a<'re-fe«»t. 



Second-feet' tv»«*i, in 



1.550 

1,550 

1,317 

2, 137 

13.350 

14, 650 

10,050 

5. 590 

2,592 

1,770 

1,440 

1,355 



14.650 



1,242 


76, 368 


r 

0.35 


0.40 


1,254 


69.644 


.35 ' 


.3« 


1,268 


77.966 1 


. 35 


.40 


1,479 


8,S.007 ' 


.41 , 


.46 


1 6,392 


393.029 1 


1.79 i 


2.06 


1 11.230 


668.231 , 


3.14 


3.r)0 


7.899 


485, 691 


2.21 


2.55 


' 3,974 


244, 352 


1.11 


1.38 


2,053 


122, 162 


.57 


.64 


1,564 


96. 167 


.44 , 


.51 


1.309 


77.891 


.37; 


.41 


1 1,129 


69,420 


.32 


.37 



1,000 1 
1,0(M) 
1,170 
1,280 
1.640 
9.650 
5. 790 
2,680 
1.770 
1,397 
1,135 
960 

960 3,402 2,468,028 



12.94 



1 



MILK RIVER AT MALTA, MONT. 

This Station was established July 31, 1!)02, by C. T. Prall. It is 
located at the highway bridge on the main road one-fourtli mile 
east of Malta, Mont. The gage is of the usual wire type, with 
tlie scaleboard graduated to feet and tentlis and nailed to the lower 



KIS80UBI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



27 



the bridge. The length of the gage wire from the pointer 
end of the weight is 28.7 feet. The distance from tlie zero 
•rod to the outside edge of the pulley is 0.5 of a foot. The 
8 read twice daily by H. Caselberg. The initial point for 
ng is oh the right bank. The channel is straight for 700 feet 
the .station and 250 feet below the station. The banks are npt 
bo overflow. The bed of the stream is rocky and sandy. The 
mark is a 20-penny wire nail driven just l)elow the gage rod 
kge reading of 5 feet. 

Discharge measurements of Milk River at Malta, Mont. 



Date. 


Hydrographer. 


Qaire 
height. 


1902. 


C.T.Prall 


Feet. 
2.50 


21 


do 


1.80 


ber 10 


-do 


1.40 


ber 25 


F. E. Weymouth 


1 fiO 


•6 .... 


John T. Whistler 1 . HT^ 


•11 


F. E/ Weymouth - 


1.65 


•17 


Cyrus C.Babb 

John T. Whistler 

George Drummond 


1.67 


•24 


1.60 


•31 . .. 


1.70 


ber 7 


John T . Whistler 


1.70 



I Diflcharffe. 

Second-feet. 

t 525 

I 259 

I 166 

165 

271 

198 

174 

171 

257 

210 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Milk River at Malta, Mont 

Day. 



Aug. 



Sept. Oct. 



2.30 


1.80 


2.40 


1.70 


2.30 


1.70 


2.20 


1.70 


2.10 


1.70 


2.10 


1.70 


2.10 


1.70 


2.10 


l.flO 


2.10 


1.50 


2.00 


\.m 


1.95 


1.50 


1.90 


1.40 


1.90 


i.:«) 


1.90 


1.:*) 


1.90 


1.30 


1.70 


1.30 



1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
l.HO 
1.80 
l.flO 
l.ttO 
1.00 
l.iSO 
l.tiO 



Nov. 



l.flO 
1.00 

i.eo 

1.60 
1.60 
l.flf) 
l.«0 
1.70 



1902. 



17.. 

!! 18.. 
II 
19.. 

" 20.. 

j| ^•■ 
II 22.. 

, 23.. 

II =M.. 

25. 
.; 26.. 
-I 27.. 

28.. 
. I 29. 

. :w- 
. 31 . 



Aug. Sept. 



1.70 
1.80 
1.80 
1.70 
1.70 
1.80 
1.70 
l.MO 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.7() 



1.30 
1.30 

i.;io 

1.30 
1.30 
1.3f) 

l.:«) 
l.:i[) 

1.30 
1.40 
1.4<) 

l.:«) 
i.a) 



Oiit. Nov. 



l.flO 
1.00 
l.flO 
l.flO 
1.00 
1.60 

i.tto 

l.ttO 
1.60 
1.00 

LOO ; 

1.60 
1.00 
1.00 

i.eo 



28 STREAM MKASITREMENT!^ IN 1902, PART III. 

Riiting table for Milk Rwer at Malta, Mont., for 1902, 



[NO. M. 



heigM. 


1 
DiflcharKtv 

Hec<ma-feet)] 


ht^ight. 
Veet. 


Dl8f:hargo. 
Seatiul-feet. 


height. 
Feet. 


Discharge. 

_ _ _ 

Sertmd-feet. 


Gftfi^ 
height. 


1 
Dii«h«rKe. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Serttnd'ftft. 


. 0.0 


32 j: 


2.4 


485 


4.2 


1,187 


1 CO 


1,889 1 


0.8 


47 


2.0 


503 1 


4.4 


1,20.5 


' 0.2 


1,967. 


1.0 


08 1 


9.8 


041 


4.0 


1,343 


' 0.4 


2,04') 


1.2 


93 |! 


3.0 


719 


4.8 


1,421 


0.0 

1 0.8 


2,123 , 


1.4 


127 ,1 


3.2 


797 


5.0 


1,499 


2,201 1 


1.0 


178 i 


3.4 


875 


5.2 


1,577 


7.0 


2.279 


1.8 


251 1 


3.0 


953 


5.4 


1,055 






2.0 


329 


3.8 


1,031 


5.0 


1,733 






2.2 


407 1 

il 


4.0 


1.109 


5.8 


1,811 







Kntimated monthly diacharge of Milk River at Malta, Mont. 
[Drainage area, 6,744 wiuare miles.] 

Discharge in second-feet. Run-oflf. 



Month. 



Maximnm. Minimum, i Mean. 



Total in j i 

aore-fe<»t. Second-feet rv>«*K \n 



1902. 






1 

1 




' 




AuKiist 


485 


212 


294 I 


18.050 


0.04 


O.OJ 


8epteml)er 


251 


109 


143 


8,509 


.02 


.0: 


October ... 


251 


173 


189 


11,020 


.03 


.0 


Noveml)pr 1 t^) 8 . . 






178 ! 


2,822 


.03 


.0 



MILK RIVER AT HAVRE, MONT. • 

The present station is located at Havre, Mont., and was establish^ 
by (^ynis C. Habb, May 15, 1808. Measurements of discharge ar 
made from a car and cable of 200-foot span swung across the river 
short distance above the gage. The river is subject to violent flooil 
of short duration, and the bed of the river being composed of gravel 
and clay is liabh* to change after each freshet. 



MISSOURI KIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 2U 

Dischanje meivtnrementH of Milk Rit^er at Havre, Mont. 



Dat«*. 



Hydr<»yr»pher. 



1902. 



8.. 

26 

30. 



J. S. Baker 

L. H. Ling. 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

- .-do 

do . . . 

do 

do 

.. do 



ber 11 do 

ber 17 -do 

ber 28- .-. do 

ber 30 do ... 

do 

16.. do 

29 ' do 

)er 4 . . . I L. V. Branch 



ht'Snt. 



r>iwhar{c<*. 



Ft'et. Hrntnd- 
3. 50 
3. 10 
4.00 

4.90 1 

7. 35 
8.88 

(S.m 

7.(M) 

4. ;o 

4.10 
4.20 
3.90 
3.60 
3.H<) 
3.90 
4.00 
3. 90 
3. IM) 
3.90 
3. 77 



■ffrt. 

249 
214 
:J62 
,013 
, 3«W 
,179 
,503 

573 
3«7 
427 
269 
192 
240 
226 
229 
206 
20H 
2<N( 
205 



30 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Milk River at Hain'e, Mont. 



Day. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


Jime. 


July. 


AuK. 

4.70 
4.60 
4.30 
4.20 
4.20 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.(» 
4.00 
4.(K) 
4.(NI 
3.90 
3.90 
4.00 
4.»» 
4.10 
4.01) 
4.00 

a.«) 

3.«» 


Sept. 

3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.60 
3.60 
3.60 
3.60 
3.60 
3.60 
3.80 
3.80 
3.70 
8.60 
3.60 
3.60 
8.8(» 
3.90 
3.90 
4.00 
4.00 
3.90 
3.90 
3W 
4.00 


Oct. 

4.(K> 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
a90 
8.90 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.90 
8.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
a 90 
a 90 

a 90 

3.90 

ami 
a«) 

3.90 


No> 


1902. 
1 


1 


4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.00 
8.90 
3.40 
3.20 
8.20 
8.20 
8.60 
4.30 
4.00 
3.40 
3.20 
8.20 
8.20 
8.20 
3.20 
3.20 
3.20 
8.20 
3.20 
3.20 
3.40 
8.60 
3.60 
3.60 
3.50 
3.20 
2.90 
2.90 


2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
3.60 
8.50 
8.40 
3.10 
3.10 
8.10 
3.10 
3.60* 
8.70 
8.70 
3.60 
3.60 
3.50 
3.80 
3.20 
8.10 
8.00 
*.«0 
2.9r) 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3. (JO 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
3. (JO 


8.10 
8.20 
3.20 
8.10 
3.10 
3.00 
8.00 
3.00 
3.10 
3.10 
8.20 
8.20 
8.20 
3.20 
8.20 
8.30 
8.40 
4.00 
4.00 
4.10 
4.10 
6.10 
7.80 
10.50 
11.00 
7.30 
6.60 
5.60 
6.00 
4.rjO 
4.50 


4.80 
4.80 
6.40 
7.40 
8.40 
8.00 
8.00 
6.00 
6.50 
6.40 
6.20 
6.00 
6.00 
4.90 
4.80 
5.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
5.20 
6.10 
6.10 
5.00 
4.90 
4.80 
4.80 
4.60 
4.(10 


4.60 
4.60 
6.00 
6.50 
7.50 
8.00 
12.10 
10.50 
8.00 
7.00 
6.40 
6.00 
6.20 
6.20 
6.00 
6.00 
5.50 
5.20 
5.00 
6.20 
5.20 
6.00 
6.20 
6.20 
5.20 
6.00 
4.90 
4.90 
4.80 
4.70 
4.70 


aft 


2 ' 


4.0 


3 i 


4.0 


4 ' (a) 

6 ' 


aw 

3.M 


6 ' 


3 81 


7 1 


asi 


8 ...J...... 


("t 


9 


a3.fl0 1 




10 




11 






12 


j 




18 




cO 


14 


i 




16 




K") 




16 






17 








18 


a3.00 


3.80 
3.60 
a30 
3.80 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.40 
3.40 


('»• 


19 




20 




21 




22 




23 


(♦11 


«; :. .:....:j.- .. 




25 


"8.00 




26. 




27 1 




28 


(«ll 


29 ' ... . 




80 «8.00 

81 













Ga«« 
height. 

Feet. 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 



a Frozen at gage. 

Rating table for Milk River at Havre, Mont., for J'JOJ. 

FROM JANUARY 1 TO MAY 22. 

Discharge.! ^^^, | Di«rharge. | ^%f, I Diacharge. ,^^^, '. Dinc-b 



I 



Second-feet. 
145 
161 I 
180 
200 I 
222 
250 
288 
335 
412 
519 
630 
800 



Feet. 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
7.2 



Second-feet J 
989 

1,178 I 

1,368 I 
1 , 557 

1,746 : 

1,935 I 

2,124 I 

2,314 j 

2,503 I 

2,738 I 
2,973 

3,207 I 



Feet. 
7.4 

7.6 

7.8 
8.0 
8.2 
8.4 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 
9.2 
9.4 
9.6 



Second-feet . 

3,442 
3,677 
3.912 
4,147 
4,;581 
4.616 
4,851 
5, 086 
5,320 
5, 555 
5, 790 
6,025 



Feet. 
9.8 
10. 
10.2 
10.4 
10.6 
10.8 
11.0 
11.5 
12.0 
12.5 



Sfcon 

6. 

I 6, 

6, 



8, 
9, 



NEWELL.] 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



31 



Rating table for Milk Rix>er at Havre, Mont., for 1902 — Continued. 
PROM MAY 23 TO DECEMBER 31. «• 



height. I I^-^-rKH. 



Ktret. 
2.6 

2.8 



I Gage 
height. 



Set-oiui-feet .\ Feet. 

100 J! 3.0 
109 i 3.2 



Di«.harge. I ^^^^^ 



Seetnid'feet . \ Feet. 
122 : 3.4 

138 3.6 



DischarKe. 


Ga«e 
height. 


Discharge. 


Seamd-feet. 


Feet 


Seciftid-feet. 


157 


3.8 


212 


180 


4.0 


300 



« Above 4 feet the table is the same an for the fore jiart of the year. 

Estimated motithly diseharge of Milk River at Havre, Mont, 
[Drainage area 7,3()0 sciuare miles.] 



L 



Discharge in 8«»cond-feet. 



Run-off. 



Mouth. 



1902. 



Maximum. Minimum. 



January . . 
Febrnar}' . 

March 

April . . _ 

May 

June - . 

July 

August .- 
September 
October . . . 
Noveml)er 
December 



180 



180 



465 

268 

7,668 

4,616 

8,960 

710 

335 

335 



The year . 



8, 960 



170 
161 
180 
465 
630 
310 
250 
288 



Mean. 



180 

«208 

249 

196 

i,oa5 

1,479 

2.045 

377 

297 

309 

«300 

"300 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



Sec;ond-feet 
mile. 



per square 
nil 



11,068 
11,552 
15.310 
11,663 
66,714 
88,007 I 
125,742 
23, 181 
17,673 
18, 999 
17,851 
18,466 



Depth in 
inches. 



-lo I 



0.02 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.15 
.20 ' 
.28 
.05 
.04 
.04 
.04 
.04 



0.02 
.03 

.0;^ 

.03 
.17 
.22 
.32 
.06 
.04 
.04 
.04 
.04 



161 I 586 : 426,226 

'' i 



.08 



1.04 



<' Frozen; eHtimate<l. 



MUSSELSHELL RIVER AT SHAWMl T, MONT. 

This station was established Auji:ust 12, 1902, by S. B. Dobbins. It 
is located about 200 yards west of Shawmut post-office, which is at 
the home ranch of the Blooming Land and Cattle Company. The 
gage is a vertical pole, graduated to feet and tenths, and nailed to a 
stump which overhangs the river. The observer is D wight Crawford, 
who reads the gage daily. No l>eneh marks have been established. 
The barometric elevation at this station is 3,900 feet. 



32 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[NO. 



Lkjily gage height, in feet, of AIvHselahell River at Shatrmut, Mont. 
Day. Aug. [ Sept. (Kt. Nov. DtM-. , Day. 



\9ft. 



^ ! 


3 


4 ■ 


5 


« 


7 


8 .... - - 


9 




10 




11 . . J 


12 


o.m ! 


1« 


.50' 


14 


.a), 


16 


.60 


16 


.00 



o.a) 
.«o . 
.«o 

.00 

.00 

.50 

.50 

.50 

.50 

.70 

.70 

.70 , 

.70 

.70 1 

.70 I 

.70 1 



l.(J0 
1.00 
1. 00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 



1.10 

1.10 , 

1.10 

1.20 I 

1.00 

1.80 

1.10 

i.ao 
i.ao 

1.20 
1.3) 
1.30 
1.30 

i.aj) 

1.20 
1.20 



1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 



1902. 
17 

1« 

19 

20 

21 

22 

2:^ 

24 



27. 
28. 



1.20 i 25 
1.21) i 26 
1.30 
1.20 
1.20 ji 
1.20 ' 
1.20 " 

1.20 il 

I 



Aug. Sept. I Ck-t. I Not. I>^ 



0.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.00 
.00 
.80 
.70 
.00 
.00 
.00 



0.7I» , 
.70 
.70 . 
.80 ; 
.70, 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 

.70 ; 

.80 ■ 
.90 

.90 

I 



1.10 

1.10 ' 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

I.IO 

1.10 I 

1.10 

1.30 

1.20* 



1.20 
1.21) 
1.10 
1.10 
1.00 
l.(U 
1.10 

i.ai) 

1.30 
1.3[> 
1.2I» 
1.20 
1.30 
1.10 



MARIAS RIVER NEAR SHELBY, MONT. 

This station was established April 4, 1902, by J. S. Baker. 1 
located on the highway bridge 7 miles south of Shelby, Mont. ' 
gage is of the usual wire t^^pe. The scaleboard is spiked to the do 
stream face of the bridge and is graduated to feet and tenths. 1 
read daily by William Mead, who lives about one-half mile south\ 
of the gage. The right bank is low and liable to overflow. The 
bank is high and confined by a row of piles and a plank wall. ' 
bed of the stream is composed of sand and gravel. Al)ove thesta 
the channel is curved. Below the station it is straight. The ini 
point for sounding is on the left bank at the east edge of the east 
on the lower side of the bridge. BfMich mark Xo. 1 is a rivet hea< 
the footplate at the foot of the batter post on the top of the soi 
east pier of the bridge. It is marked with black paint, B. M. 17 
It« elevation above the zero of the gage is 17.54 feet. B. M. Xo. 
a spike in the southwest side of a cotton wood stump 25 feet souths 
of the southeast pier. It is marked B, M. 11.27. Its elevation ah 
the zero of the gage is 11.27 feet. 



HB^FLLl MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 33 

Discharge nufcisuremefUB of Marias RitH*r near Shell>yy Mont. 



Date. 



1903. 



April 4 . 

April4 

Julys 

July 23 

July 29 

Atvgnst 15 

September 19 . 
UoTember 3 . . 




J. S. Baker 

do 
L. V. Branch 

do 

C. T. Prall.. 
C. C. Babb_. 
C. T. Prall _. 
L. V. Branch 



height. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


2. 05 


358 


2.05 


357 


5.95 


5,664 


3.68 


1,658 


3.40 


1,295 


2.80 


780 


2.40 


547 


2.16 


299 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Marias Rix^r near Shelby, Mont. 



Day. 



Apr. 



1 




2 




3 


• 


4 


2.60 


5 


2.60 


« 


2 40 


7 


2.10 


8 


2.10 


» 


2 00 


10.... 


2 10 


11 


2.10 


M 


2 10 


M.... 


2 10 


14 


2 10 


15... 


2 20 


16 


1 90 


17 


200 


M 


2 00 


1» 


2 00 


» 


2 00 


a 


2 50 


e 


2 70 


a 


2 60 


24... 


2 50 


26 


2.40 
2.80 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2 00 


26 


27.... 


28... 


2»... 


30.... 


81... 




-____ 





May. 



June. July. 



2.70 
2.70 
2.90 
2.70 
S.60 
2.50 
2.60 
2.90 
3.00 I 
3.30 
3.30 
8.90 
3.90 
3.90 
4.40 
5.70 
5.40 
5.10 
5.10 
4.90 
9.90 
14.60 
9.20 
9.40 
9.00 
6.40 
6.00 
6.60 
6.60 
7.00 
6.00 



6.50 
6.40 
6.20 
5.60 
6.20 
6.00 
4.90 
4.80 
4.60 
4.80 
6.10 
5.10 
4.90 
4.00 
4.50 
4.40 
4.50 
4.40 
4.20 
4.20 
4.10 
4.00 
4.10 
3.90 
4.10 
4.10 
4.40 
4.80 
4.20 
4.30 



Aug. 



r 



4.10 
5.00 
6.40 
11.50 
11.00 
8.60 
6.80 
6.10 
6.60 
5.30 
5.10 
4.90 
4.60 
4.50 
4.60 
4.40 
4.40 
4.10 
4.10 
4.00 I 
4.00 
3.90 ; 
3.80 I 
3.60 
3.50 I 
3.60 
3.60 I 
3.70 
3.60 ' 
3.30 
3.30 



Sept. 



3.10 

3.10 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

2.90 

2.80 

2.70 

2.80 

3.00 

2.80 

2.70 

2.50 

2.50 ' 

2.60 

2.40 I 

2.40 

2.50 I 

2.20 I 

2.10 I 

2.10 

2.30 ! 

2.00 

2.40 I 

2.60 

2.70 

2.50 I 

2.50 

2.30 ! 

2.20 , 

2.10 I 



2.44) 
2.80 
2.20 
2.30 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2.80 
2.20 
2.10 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2.30 
2.30 
2.20 
2.50 
2.40 
2.20 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.80 
2.80 



Oct. I Nov. 1 D«M- 



2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 j 
2.20 I 
2.20 
2.20 i 
2.20 , 
2.20 j 
2.20 I 
2.20 ' 
2.20 j 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2.20 , 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2.20 j 
2.20 ■■ 
2.20 I 
2.20 
2.20 I 
2.20 
2.26 I 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 ,. 



2. a) 

2.20 

2.20 

2.20 

2.20 

2.10 

2.20 

2.20 

2.10 

2.20 

2.20 

2.80 

2.70 

2.60 

2.60 

2.60 

2.60 

2.60 

2.60 

2.50 

2.40 

2.50 j 

2.60 

2.50 

2.40 I 

2.40 

2.80 

2.80 

2.80 

2.80 



2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.80 
2.30 
2.80 
2.80 
2.30 
2.60 
2.60 
2.00 
2.50 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.00 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.40 
2.80 
2.80 



IKR 84—03- 



34 STREAM MEA8UKKMENT8 IN liK)2, PART III. l^o.^l 

Rating table for Marias River near Shelbt/, Mont,, for 190J, 






_ 






_ 




— 




Feet. 


Sevond-fvet. 


Feet. 


Hevtmd-feet . 


Feet. 


Srrond-feet. 


Feet. 


Secondfert 


1.0 


144 


3.8 


1,871 


6.6 


6,809 ' 


9.4 


11,737 


1.2 


168 , 


4.0 


2. 223 


6.8 


7,161 , 


9.6 


12,089 


1.4 


192 


4.2 


2,575 


7.0 


7.513 ' 


9.8 


12,441 


1.6 


227 


4.4 


2,927 


7.2 


7.865 


10.0 


12,793 


1.8 


273 


4.6 


3, 279 


7.4 


8,217 1 


10.2 


13,145 


2.0 


31^3 


4.8 


3,631 


7.6 


8,569 . 


10.4 


13,497 


2.2 


42o 


5.0 


3,983 


7,8 


8,921 


10.6 


13,849 


2.4 


540 , 


5.2 


4,355 


8.0 


9,273 


10.8 


14,201 


2.6 


660 


5.4 


4.707 


8.2 


9,625 


11.0 


14,553 


2.8 


780 1 


5.6 


5,059 1 


8.4 


9,977 ' 


11.2 


14,905 


3.0 


935 1 


5.8 


5,401 


8.6 


10,329 , 


U.4 


15,257 


3.2 


1,105 


6.0 


5.753 '' 


8.8 


10,681 


11.6 


15,600 


3.4 


K285 


6.2 


6, 105 1 


9.0 


11,033 1 


11.8 


15,961 


3.6 


1,520 1 

1 


6.4 


6,457 i 


9. 2 


11,385 ,| 


12.0 


16,313 



Estimated monthly discharge of Manas River near Shelby, Mont. 
[DrainaKO area, 2,<$10 Hquarc miles.] 



Mouth. 



1902. 
April 4 to 30. 

May - 

June 

July 

Augu.st 

Septeiulx^r . . 

OctolHjr 

November . 
DeceiiilKT . 



Discharge in socond-feet. 



Maximum. 



5,235 

6,633 

16.313 

1,402 

600 

480 

720 

6(Jt) 



Minimum. Mt'HU. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



RlUKlff. 



Se<xjnd-feet j)^ ^v 



600 
2,047 
1,190 
333 
373 
425 
373 
480 



468 

4,764 

3,469 

3, 980 

654 

463 

425 

518 

563 



25,063 

292,927 I 

206.420 I 

244,721 I 

40.213 

27,550 

26, 132 i 

30,823 '. 

34,617 



0.18 

1.83 

1.33 

1.52 

.25 

.18 

.16 

.20 



.21 
.11 

.2i 



I 



TWO MEDICINE CREEK AT MID VALE, MONT. 

This station was established September 17, llH)-2, by C. C. Babb 
It is h)eate(l 200 yards above the Gn^at Nortliern Railroad bridge • 
mile from the railroad station at Midvale, Mont. The gage is incline< 
and graduated so as to give readings of vertical feet and tenths. I 
is fastened to a tree and stake. Tlie initial point for sounding is o 
the left bank. The channel is straight for 700 feet above and 300 fe^ 



rELL.] 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



35 



low the statiou. The banks are hiprh and I'ocky. Bench mark No. 
8 a nail in a rock 13.5 feet below the rod. Its elevation is 2.03 feet 
K)ve the zero of the gage. Bench mark No. 2 is a nail driven in a 
►ruce tree 40 yards north of the rod. Its elevation is 32 feet above 
le zero of the gage. 
The following discharge measurements were made during 1902: 

October 15: Gkige height, 0.45 foot; discharge, 84 second-feet. 

October 15: Oage height. 0.54 foot; discharge, 47 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Txoo Medicine Creek at Midvale, Mont, 



Day. 


1 Sept. 


isue. 
1 


1 


e j::::::;; 


3 


4 ' 


5 


6 


; 1 


8 


9 


10 


U i 


12 


13 


U.... 


l.> 1 


16 



Oct. Nov. Dec. 



0.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.•45 I 
.45 I 
.45 I 
.45 
.45 
.50 
.50 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.45 I 



0.85 
.35 

.a5 

.30 

.:« 

.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.35 
.40 
.55 
.70 
.80 

i.ao 

1.50 



Day. 



0.70 
.«0 
.00 
.60 
.00 
.00 
.00 
.00 
.70 
.70 
.80 
.80 
.80 
.80 
.80 
.80 



190S. 



Sept. 



Oct. 



0.45 
.50 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.45 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 



0.45 
.45 
.46 
.45 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.35 
.36 
.36 
.35 
.36 
.36 
.35 
.36 



Nov. 



1.50 

1.20 

1.00 

1.00 

.90 

.90 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.70 

.70 

.70 

.70 

.70 



Dec. 



0.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.90 

1.00 

1.00 

1.20 

1.20 

1.20 

1.20 



MISSOURI RIVER AT CASCADE, MONT. 

This station was established July 1, 1902, by W. W. Sehleeht. It 
is located at the highway bridge in the town of Cascade, Mont., about 
one-fourth of a mile from the railroad. The gage is of the usual 
^^ type, and the sealeboard is graduated to feet and tenths and is 
fastened to one of the eyebars of the bridge. It is read daily by 
H. W. Ludwig. The initial point for sounding is on the abutment 
of the right approach to the bridge. The channel is straight for about 
^^ feet above the station and 300 feet below. About 300 feet below 
the station there is an island, on either side of which the river is rapid. 
There is al>out 1 foot fall at this point. The right bank is low and 
liable to overflow. The left bank is high and not liable to overflow. 
The bed of the stream is rocky near the piers and muddy along the 
banks. The bridge has two spans. The central pier is protected by 
*'i ice and drift breaker, which extends about 125 feet upstream. No 
bench marks have been established. 

The following measurements were made during 1902 by W. W. 
Sehleeht and L. V. Branch: 

July 21: Gage height, 5.06 feet; discharge, 5,537 second-feet. 
September 9: Gage height. 3.67 feet; discharge, 1,891 second-ieet, 
November 6: O^ge height, 4. 18 feet; discharge, 3,131 eecoiid-le©\». 



36 HTREAM MKASUREMKNTH IN 1902, PART III. [iw.lt | 

I>(tHu gtiyf height, in fert, of MisHouri RiiH^r at Ctwcade, Mont. 



Day. 



July. 



10US. 

1 




2 1 


3 ' 


4 ' 


5 !.. 


\ 1.... . 


7 1 


, 


\ : ::. :i... 


10 - 


11 


IS . . 1 


13 i . 


M 1 


1 

15 1 


16 1 


17 


5.;«> 


18 


5.30 


19 


r>.22 


ao .. 


5.12 


ti 


5.00 


22 


5.00 


"~ - ■ . ^ ........... . 

28 


4.90 


24 


4.80 


25 


4.70 


26 


4ftf> 


27 


4.00 


28 ... 


4 50 


29 


4.40 


30 


4.31) 


31 


4.30 



Aug. I 06pt, 



I 



4.20 I 

4.15 

4.(15 

3.90 

3.87 

3.75 

3.« 

3.fl0 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.55 

3.50 

.3.45 

.3.55 

M.H) 

3.?.» 

3.Je 

3.90 

3.90 

3.87 

3.H5 

3.86 

3.a5 

3.82 

3.75 

3.70 



3.67 

ass ; 

3.77 I 
3.87 ' 
3.85 I 
^75 I 
3.70 1 
3.66 I 
3.70 I 



3.67 I 
3.62 I 
3.ef) 
3.60 

3.eo 

3.60 

5.00 

3.66 

3.66 

3.70 

^i70| 

3.70 i 

aTO 

3.70 

3.70 

3.70 

3.65 

3.62 

3.60 

3.65 

3.72 



Oct. 


Not. 


D«. 


a9o 


4.20 


%.% 


a96 


4.20 


i.« 


4.00 


4.20 


i« 


4.05 


4.9) 


4.W 


4.07 


4.» 


iM 


4.05 


4.18 


. i^» 


4.00 


4.17 




4.00 


4.20 





4.00 


4.20 




4.05 


4.20 i 


4.05 


4.25 


.- 


4.10 


4. as 





4.10 


4.45 




4.15 


4.50 





4.10 


4. .TO 




4.10 


4.55 




4.10 


4.55 




4.10 


4.60 




4.10 


4.57 




4.16 


4.55 




4.15 


4.50 




4.15 


4.45 




4.10 


4.20 




4.10 


4.50 




4.10 


4.00 




4.10 


4.00 




4.10 


4.00 




4.18 


4. a) 




4.20 


4.00 




4.20 


4.00 





4.20 



MISSOURI RIVER AT TOWNSEND, MONT. 

The K^giiig station was established in 1801 hy the Missouri River 
Commission, and readings have been made continuously since that 
time by an observer employed by the Commission. The locality is 
2,504: miles above the mouth of the river. The following description 
of the gage, its location, and bench marks is from Lieut. J. C. San- 
ford, secretary of the Missouri River Commission: 

A standard wire cable gage was erected by the Missouri River Commission 
October 1, 1891, on a county road bridge, located about 300 feet below the North- 
em Pacific Railroad bridge across the Missouri River near Townsend, Mont. Its 
zero is set at an approximate elevation of 3,700 feet above sea level as determined 
from a primary line of levels, run under the direction of the Commission in 1890, 
from Three Forks to Fort Benton, Mont., and starting from a bench mark of the 
Northern Pacific Railroad at Gallatin, Mont. (See Annual Report of Chief of 
Engineers. l«91.) 

Reference bench mark is B. M. 10 (Townsend), described as ''located on the 
right bank of the Missouri River, about one-half mile north of Townsend Railroad 
station, about one-half mile from river, measured in a perpendicular direction to 
track, and about three- fourths mile south of railroad bridge over the Missouri 



»«WELL.J MISSOURI BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 37 

XUver. It is about 60 feet west of a point on the track, 80 feet north of railroad 
"bridge Ko. 392. and about 7 feet west of railroad fence. Compass reading to mile- 
-po^t 1121 is 318'. Marked by stone and pipe; elevation, 8,795.991 feet. This 
elevation is erroneous, bnt is the elevation from which the gage is set. 

The tabulated records of the Townsend gage are reductions to the St. Louis 

directrix datum obtained by stlbtracting 400.068 feet from the daily means of the 

gtif^ readings. The gage reads from 3,785 to 8,799 feet. 

Lieutenant Sanford states that since the establishment of the gage 
level lines have been completed connecting all of the upper river 
gages with the datum of the Missouri River Commission. Preiuse 
levels have been run up to Sioax City, Iowa, and above that checked 
Y lines have been run under the direction of Capt. II. F. Hodges, 
Corps of Engineers, United States Army, and of the Missouri River 
Commission. The elevations of the zeros of the other Montana gages 
read during 1890 are as follows: 

Elevations of ritvr gages in Montana, 

I AimvA i Elevation a>w»v« Elevation 

^^^^' I mSSth. • ot^^ Locality. , ^S^. ot^^ 



Mile*. Feet. 

OrwtPallH I 2,888.8: 2,W7.166 

Cmi* I 2,416.7! 8,028.575 

Stn^bHFerry «,««.» 8,207.074 



I Milen. Feet. 

Toston I 2,519.8 8,477.230 

OAllahera Ferry • tJAH.A 3,618.(MW 

Gallatin Ferry ' 2,546.7 3.B14.7X8 



The area drained at this point is approximately 15,000 square miles, 
comprising, as above stated, the inflow from the Gallatin, the Madison, 
and the Jeflferson rivers. This gage at Townsend is the highest of a 
series of twenty or more gages maintained permanentl}'^ by the Mis- 
souri River Commission. Descriptions of these gages are given in 
the annual report of the Missouri River Commission, contained in the 
Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers, United States Army; that 
for 1801, on page 3819; for 1892, on page 3271, and for 1803, on page 
2310. The distance of this point above Sioux City is 1,703 miles, and 
above Fort Benton, -the next gage below maintained by the Corps of 
Engineers, 219 miles. In the report of the Chief of Engineers, United 
States Army, for 1893, page 2320, it is stated that there is under way 
an ''examination of Missouri River from Three Forks to Canyon 
Ferry, Mont., with a view of determining at wliat points, if any, use 
might be made of water power for manufacturing and other puri)Oses 
without unreasonably impairing the navigability. This part of the 
river was surveyed and mapped in 1890 under the direction of the 
Missouri River Commission. For the present work it is proposed to 
examine the maps of this survey and select such jwlnts as seem suit- 
able to personally examine the. localities, and by additional field 
work to get the necessary data for a repoi-t." 

The gaging station on the upper Missouri Kiv(»r in the vicinity of 
Craig, referred to in previous reports, was abandoned in June, 1H92, 
owing to the expense of maintenance and the fiict that the Missouri 
River Commission had a^^^age Hi 'i'oivnscnd, Mont. 



38 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [vo.M. 

The I'esiilts are furnished to the Geological Survey by the Corps of 
Engineers, Unit-ed States Amiy. 

Discharge vieaHnreuiefits of Mimtouri River at TowH^etid, Mont, 



Date. 
1902. 



Hydroffrapher . 



«W; iDiHcOianre. 



heiffbt. 



Feet. I SerontifteU 

Aprill4 H.B.Waters | 88.75 j 2.84(P 

July 14 ' do I S9.82 6,54r 

Angn8t28 ' do ! 8S.52 I 2,35(» 



GALLATIN RIVER AT LOGAN, MONT. 

This station was established on August 24, 1803, by F. II. Newell* 
at the railroad pump house immediately below the Northern Pacific^ 
main line bridge crossing Gallatin River at Logan, Mont. Tlie gag^ 
was a vertical rod fastened to the cribwork l)ox sunk in the river for 
the protection of the inlet pipe of the pump. The bench marks con* 
sist of nails driven into the angle of the pier of the bridge facing tU^ 
gage, these being placed at the elevation of the 7, 8, 9, and 10 foot- 
marks, and designated by corresponding figures. At the bridge itself 
measurements of volume can not well be made, as the stream i^ 
divided into four channels, being very swift in two of these, an^ 
obstructed by piles, snags, and sand in the others. Above the bridges » 
however, is a broad, straight course, where measurements can \p^ 
made by means of a boat and cable. 

On March 10, 1804, the gage rod was washed out, together with th^^ 
crib to which it was attached, no discharge nieasurement.s having 
been made while it was in place. 

On November 10, 1804, a new gage was established b}' Arthur I^- 
Davis under the northeast cornt»r of the Northern Pacific bridge abov^ 
mentioned. This gage consisted of timbers partly inclined and partlV' 
vertical, the lower inclined portion being graduated from O.GO foot up 
to 7.10 feet, and the vertical portion from 7 feet up to 12.10 feet- 
Bench mark No. 1 is on the head of a bridge spike, in the top of th^ 
pile stump to which the lower end of the inclined gage is fastened.^ 
Elevation 1.02 feet alK)ve zero of gage. Bench mark No. 2 is the heaA 
of a bridge spike driven horizontally into the first pier east of the river. 
It is drivcm into the north end, and is marked "B. M." Its elevation 
is 9.32 feet above the zero of the gage. The measurements were made 
by means of a cable across the river 100 yards al)ove the bridge. 

On September 10, 1800, a wire gage was placed in the east span of 
the railroad bridge and fiustened to the guanl rail on the upper side. 
The distance from the outside edge of the pulley to the end of the 
rod is 1 foot; from the end of the weight to the index marker 18.40 
feet. Bench mark 1 is the top of tht^ northeast cwrner of the iron 
plate at foot of diagonal end member of truss, east end, upper side, 



KEWELL.] 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



39 



and is 13. 70 feet above (latum. Bench mark 2 is a spike in pile stump, 
described and called "Bench mark No. 1," in the description of the 
1894 gage. Discharge measurements are made from the cable across 
the river 300 feet above the railroad bridge. The section is a good 
oae, the channel being straight for some distance above and below 
the cable. The bed is gravelly. The observer is James Martin. The 
'ollowing measurements were nmde in 1002; 

ZHacharge ineamirementu of Gallatin River at I^ygaUy Mont. 



Date. 



HydroffTHphor. 



Gage 



1902. 

^pril 15 - -.| H. B. Waters 

May 3 do 

Do ;. do 

May 28 ' do 

July 14 do 

Au^nist 29 -do 



Feet. 
0.91 
1.30 
1.30 
4.23 
l.GO 
.56 



Diw^harjfe. 

Second-feet. 
480 
715 
720 
4.018 
980 
394 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Oallatin River at Logan, Mont. 



I>ay. 



Jan. Feb. 



iwe. 



(«) 



I. 



H.. 

9.. 
10.. 
11.. 
12.. 
13.. 
14.. 
15.. 
18.. 
17.. 
m.. 
19.. 
20. . 
21.. 
a.. 
«.. 
24.. 
8.. 
«.. 



I ("> 
1 1.00 
1 1.00 

l.(« 

1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1 nl.OO 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 



<«) 



Mar. 



(«) 



(«) 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

1.05 

1.05 

1.05 

1.05 

1.05 

1.05 



Apr. May. | Juno. I July. I Au^. 



«1.05 
1.05 
1.06 
1.C6 
1.05 
l.a5 
1.05 
1.04 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.30 
1.30 

i.ao 

1..3I) 

i.:«: 

1.30 !.. 
1.3[) 1.. 
1.30 I.. 
1.30 .. 
1.30 |.. 
1.30 ... 
1.30 L 
1.30 '.. 
1.30 
1.80 
1..30 
l.:«) .. 
1.30 
1.30 
\.2k) 



1.30 
1.30 I 
1.31) I 

}.:« 

1.30 

1..30 
1.30 
1.30 

!.:« 

1.30 



- 



1.30 

l.J» 
I.ao 

1.30 
1.40 
1.60 
1.60 
1.80 
2.40 
2.56 
2.60 
3.35 
3.46 
3.50 
3.50 
3.40 
3.40 
3.a5 
3.30 
3.45 
3.30 
3. 10 
3. 10 
3.45 
3.«) 
3. IXI 
4.05 
4..':5 



4.40 '- 
4.30 L 
3.75 . 
3.56 |- 
3.26 L 
3.35 - 

3.;» L 

4.15 . 

4.10 ;. 

4.3f) L 

4.40 . 

4.15 ;- 

4.35 L 

4.40 

2.»5 

2.55 i 

2.50 

2.45 

2.50 

2.30 ' 

2.10 

2.30 

2.40 

2.4^) I 

2.;io 

2.44 
2. 10 
2.20 



1.70 
1.5o' 
1.40 
1.30 
1.30 
1.:*) 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1. 00 
.90 
.W) 

.m 

.80 

.») 

.m 

.80 
.70 



O.HO 
.70 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.60 
.60 

.m 
.m 

.W) 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.«0 
.80 
.70 
.7() 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.60 
.70 
.60 

,m 

.60 
.60 
.60 



Sept. ; Oct. Nov. I DtH'. 



I 



0.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 

.or) 

.60 
.60 
.60 
.50 
.30 
.%) 

.:« 
.:«) I 
.%) 

.Z) 
.20 
.20 

.20 j 

.10 
.10 
.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 



1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1 10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 



1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.20 
1.10 
1.2f) 
1.20 
1.20 
i.:jo 

1.40 
1.30 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.30 
1.20 
1.10 
1.20 
1.30 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 



1.40 
1.20 

i.ao 
l.:«) 

1.40 
1.30 

i.:«) 
i.:« 

1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.10 
1.00 
1.20 
1.40 
1.60 
2.50 
2.45 
2.85 
2.90 
3.10 
3.40 
3.60 
3.:i5 
3.:30 
3.30 
2.40 
2.10 
2.10 
2.60 
2.80 



aFrozLm at gage. 



40 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. l».* 

Rating taWe for Gallatin Riv^r at Ijogan, Mont., fur 190^, 



Gage 
height. 


Diiteharge. 
Second-feet. 


hei^t. 

Feet. 


DiwharKe. 
SrtftHd/eet. 


Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 
Sect>nd'/eet. 


Gam 
height. 

fWt. 


Discharge.' 


Feel. 


Secomd-ftft: 


0.2 


:«6 


1.4 


780 


2.6 


1,965 


3.8 


3,520 


.4 


870 


l.« 


940 


2.8 


2,200 


4.0 


3.880 1 


.6 


400 


l.s 


1.120 


3.0 


2,440 


4.2 


. 4,125 ' 


.8 


450 


2.0 


1,315 


3.2 


2.700 


4.4 


4.480 1 


1.0 


530 


2.2 


1,520 


3.4 


2.960 




1 


1.2 


650 


2.4 


1.7:i5 


3.0 


3,240 




1 







Entimated monthly dittcharye of (rallatin Riivr at Logan, Mont. 
[Drainage area, 1,HII5 nqoare mileM.] 





Dim^harge in necond-feet. 




Run-off. 


Mouth. 


Maxiuium. 

1 


Minimum. 


Mrtiu. 


ToUl in 
a<*re-feet. 


Second-feet 

1 


Depth it 


1902. 














January 5 to 18 






5:^) 


14.717 


0.29 


0.1 


February 16 to 28. 






576 


14,856 


.32 


] 


March 


780 


560 


678 . 


41,693 


.38 


.4 


April 1 to 12 






710 


16.899 


.39 


.1 


May 4 to 31- . . 






2.328 


129.291 


1.29 


1.3 


June 1 to 28 . - 






2. 775 
599 


154.136 
21.39S 


1.54 


1.6 


July 14 to 31 









August 


450 


382 


410 


25. 206 


.23 





September 


590 


356 


399 


23, 742 


.22 


.2 


October 


590 


5W 


590 


36. 278 


.33 


.3 


November 


780 


590 


679 


40. 383 


.:w 


.4 


Deceml)er 


3, 240 


53t) 


1.465 ; 


90.079 


.81 


.» 



WEST (iALLATIN RIVER NEAR SALESVILl.E, MONT. 

The Salesville station, which has Imkmi inaiutained for a number < 
years, was established near Williams's raneli, about 10 miles soutl 
west of Bozeman and near a highway bridge crossing the strea 
about 5 miles south of Salesville. A gage rod was erected in Jul; 
1895, and observations were begun on August 1 by Ira T. William 
a ranchman living alx)ut G()0 feet away. The gage is spiked to 
tree and is not liable to be washed out. The bench mark consists < 
a 6-ineh spike driven in the top of a stump 5 feet north of the ga^ 
post. It is r».71 feet alnne the zero of the gage, as lowered 5 fe< 



•TILL.] 



MISSOUBI RIVER DRAIN A«K BASIN. 



41 



om tlie original position. A second l)eneh mark <»oiisi8t« of a 0-inch 
jike driven into the east bridge abutment. This is 1J.20 fei»t above 
le zero of the gage. The initial point for soundings is on the right 
lank. In flood the water flows behind the bridge abutments on the 
ight bank, but at other times is confined within th(» channel. The 
)ed of the stream is composed of bowlders and is not liable to change. 
The vel<K*ity is great, rendering discharge measurements somewliat 
iiflicult. The channel is nearly straight, with slight curves both 
above and below. Two canals are taken out alwve this station, the 
West (Tallatin Company carrying about 12.5 second-feet Iwtween July 
1 and September 15, and the Kleinschmidt carrying about 5() second- 
feet between July 1 and August 15. In September, 1S90, a wire gage 
was placed on the bridge, the pulley l>eing fastened to tin* end of the 
rod opposite the 0. 15-foot mark. The distance of the end of the 
weight to the index marker is 15.50 feet. The two gages were made 
to read the same. 

Tlie bench mark for the wire gage is the head of the southwest 
bolt in the rim of the southeast cylindrical pier. Its elevation is 
13.7Jifeet al)ove datum. The observer is Ira T. Williams, Salesville, 
Mont. 

biHcharge ine(utnre»ientH of Went (Mlatin River near Sahwilh'. Mont. 



Date. 


Hydrographor. 


helKlat. 


DiwharKe. 


1902. 




Fv*t. 


Sfu-'fnil-/f'ft. 


April 28 


H. B. Waters 

A. P. Stover 

. -do 


2. K\ 


:i7a 


June 3 


2.620 


D.) 


2. 60(5 


Jime9 


do 


«. 12 


4,:mi 


JnueU 


do 


' r,.05 

1 5. ().*) 


4,708 


June24 


do 


2. 778 


D.) 


-do 


2. 77» 


JnlylO . 


do 


. ' 4.-.,-, 


1,074 


July 17 


H. B. WaU»rH 


4.14 


1,348 


August 13 


A. P. Stover 


:i. MO 


(i27 


Septeml)er4 . 


H. B. Waters 


2. HO 


4:w 



42 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART HI. 



IS>.! 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Went Gallatin River near SalemnUe, Mont. 




Hating t aide for West Gallatin Hirer near SalesriJle. Mont., for 1902. 



Gasre 
height. 

Feet. 


DifK^harge. 


height . 


Diwlmrge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 
Sec<tnd-/vet. 


Gasre 
height. 


I Discharjr 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


f Second-fei 


2.fi 


300 


3.8 


930 


.-,.0 


2. 285 


6.2 


, 4,550 


2.8 


400 


4.0 


1.000 


5.2 


2.605 


6.4 


; 5,000 


8.0 


500 


4.2 


1.215 


5.4 


2, 950 


6.6 


' 5.450 


3.3 


600 


4.4 


1.415 


5. 6 


3.310 




1 


3.4 


700 


4.0 


1.605 


5.8 


3. 690 




1 


3.0 


810 


4.8 


1,960 


6.0 


4,100 

1 




1 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



43 



M«timated monthly discharge of West Gallatin River near Salestnlle, Mont, 
[DrainaKe area, H6() winare miles.] 



Month. 




The year . . 



Diachargd in Hocond-feet. 



Run-off. 



Mazimnm. Minimum. ' Mean. 



Total in 
acri^feet. 



400 

650 

400 

500 

5,565 

5,225 

1,735 

810 

500 

450 

450 

450 



5,565 



360 : 


388 


23,881 


360 , 


449 


24,962 


360 1 


365 


22,413 


360 


399 


23, 742 


450 


1,697 


104,370 


1,530 : 


3,025 


180, aso 


870 j 


1,192 


73,269 


500 


591 


36,327 


360 i 


422 


25,081 


450 1 


450 


27,669 


300 


437 


26.023 


270 ■ 

1 


407 


25,031 


270 

1 


818 


592, 798 



8erond-fe©t TXa-»*i, «„ 



inches. 



0.45 


0.52 


.52 


.54 


.42 1 


.48 


.46 


.51 


1.97 1 


2.27 


3.52 


3.93 


1.39 


1.60 


.69 


.80 


.49 


.55 


.52 : 


.60 


.51 


.57 


.47 


.54 



.95 



12.91 



MIDDLE CREEK NEAR BOZEMAN, MONT. 

The station, established on August 3, 1895, is located 9 miles south 
of Bozeman and one-eighth of a mile above the old sawmill dam in 
the creek canyon. Discharge measurements are made from a wire 
<Sible placed across the stream in 1898. The gage is about 200 feet 
below the cable, and consists of a horizontal frame supporting a wire 
gage. Bench mark No. 1 consists of a spike driven horizontally 
^ntoa stump 5 feet high about 80 feet east of the gage rod. The 
n^Mdle of this spike is at an elevation of 7.03 feet above gage datum, 
^nch mark No. 2 consists of an 8-inch bridge spike driven horizon- 
tally into a charred stump about 25 feet northeast of the gage, with 
an elevation of 3.58 feet. Bench mark No. 3 consists of a large rock 
^'^feet east of the gage, marked **B. M." in black paint, and is 4.84 
feet above gage datum. The initial point for sounding is on the left 
l^nk. The water moves swiftl}'^ on one side; the left bank \u low and 
liable to overflow. The bed of the stream is of gravel and is liable to 
change. Gage heights were not taken in 1897 and 1901, owing to the 
'nipossibility of securing an observer at moderate expense. 

A new gage and three new bench marks were established at this 
station on May 8, 1902. Bench mark No. 1 is the top of a bowlder 56 
feet southeast of the deadman of the east end of the cable. It is 
n^arked in red paint B. M., U. S. G. S., 8.41; elevation 8.41 feet above 



44 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



the zero of the gage. Bench mark No. 2 is the top of a bowlder 
feet southeast of the (le«vdman, marked in red paint B. M., U. S. G. 
9.2G; elevation 9.2G feet above zero of the gage. Bench mark No 
is a large bowlder on the hillside 150 feet northeast of the deadmi 
marked B. M., U. S. G. S., 20.43; elevation 20.43 above the zero 
the gage. The relation of the gage zeros has not been determineil 

DiM'luirge iiieaHurementH of Middle Creek near Bozeman^ Mont. 



Date. 



Hydn»Krapb«r. 



h?fg^t. I^J-»-' 



1902. 
May 7 ; J. S. Baker. . . 

Do do 

Do--- do 

June 4 A. P. Stover. . 

Do do 

Jnne 19 do 

July 9 do 

July 17 H. B. Waters. 

August 12 , A. P. Stover . 

September 11 H. B. Waters 



Fett. 

1.02 
1.08 
1.12 
1.45 
1.45 
1.40 
1.25 
1.30 
1.00 
.81 



Stfctynd-j 



Ikiily gage height , in feet, of Middle Creek near Bozetnan^ Mont. 



I ' ! • ' 

Day. .May. June. July. Aug. Sept. (Vt. 



Day. 1 May. June. July. Aug. Sept. O 



— ... - 


- - 















— 




-■ 






IttK. 


1 












1902. 












1 






L.'iO 


1.10 


O.iW 


0.85 


17 


.. 1.50 


l.tiO 


i.:r, 


l.Oll 


0.80 ... 


2 


•-I 


l.W 


1.50 


1.10 


.90 


.85 


18 


.. 1.40 


1.50 


i.:)0 


1.00 


.80;-.. 


8 


..1 


i.a) 


1.50 




.K5 


.85 


19 


.. i.:«) 


i.:.o 


1.25 


.90 


.80 ... 


4 


.1 


1.40 


1.45 


1.10 


.«5 




20 


.. 1.:*) 


1.45 




.90 


.80 ... 


r> 


1 


1.40 
1.40 


1.45 


1.50 
1.50 


.85 
.80 





! 21 

' 22 




1.5<) 


1.25, 
1.25 


.90 
.90 




« 


..i 


.8l> '... 


7 




1.50 


1.40 

i.:r) 


1.50 
1.50 






\zi 

24 


.. l.:{0 

.. 1.40 


l.GO 
l.fJO 


1.25 
1.25 


.90 


81) 


8 


.80 




.81) 1... 


tt 




l.«0 


1.H5 


1.00 


.80 




25 


.. 1.40 


i.<r> 


l.a-, 


.90 


.85 ... 


10 




l.HO 


l..T» 




.80 




»{ 


.. ].ri) 


l.«0 


1.30 


.91) 


.85 ,... 


11 




1.90 


1.35 


1.00 


.80 




27 


.. }.m 


I.(K) 




.90 


.8;') ... 


12 




l.HO 
1.70 


1.:^) 


1.00 

1.00 


.80 
.81) 




28 

29 


.. 1.70 
.. 1.70 


1.50 


1.15 
1.10 


.90 
.90 




W 




.S-. .. 


14 


. . « " ) 


l.W 


i.:)o 


1.00 






:«) 


.. 1.70 


1 . 50 


1.10 


.90 


.85 .. 


15 


.- i.«i) 
.. i.r^) 


1.70 


i.:)o 
i.»> 


1.00 
1.00 


.80 
.80 




:n 


.. 1.80 




1.10 






16 




! 



<»()l)Mervor did not n^ad ^chk*' <ni Sundayn. 



MISSOURI RIVKR DRAINAGE BASIN. 
Rating table for Middle Creek tiear Bozeman, Mont,, for I90i\ 



45 



Di,>-^lf^- hSX DbM-hHTge. ; ^«-|Ei Di»c-harg«.; ^^^ DWharg^ 



Secxnvi-feet. 



I 



I 



49 
58 
6<) 



Feet. 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 



I Secoud-fvet. ' 

72 I 

ii 

88 J 
107 



Feet. 
1.4 
1 5 
1.6 



, Sei^nd-feet. 
136 
181 

I 226 



Feet. 
1.7 
1.8 
1.9 



J 



I Seconfi'/eet. 

i 

271 

I 316 

361 



imated monthly dlaeharge of Middle Creek near Bozemun, Mont,*'' 
[Draina^ area, 55 Hqtian* iniloH.] 



!99. 
^1 



02. 
31- 



DuH^harKo in secrmd-feet. 



M<^n. 



195 
270 
429 
172 

65 

53 

52 

164 
504 
334 

104 

57 I 
49! 



rmth. 








Maximum. 


Minimum. 


198. 






o30 








466 

956 

298 

77 


118 

153 

88 

57 








r 


57 


48 


to 21 













760 
564 
153 

77 
66 



I 



361 

181 

181 

53 



2,32 

153 

66 

48 
48 



122 
72 
53 
49 



Tf)tal in 
a<Te-feet. 



I 



180 

221 

116 

74 

50 



Kiin-off. 



Set'ond-feet I rLu«f i, «« 



5,018 
16,610 
25,521 
10,586 
3,989 
3, 178 
2,255 

8. 150 

29, 982 

20,559 j 

6, 383 

3,414 ! 

2,9H7 : 

6,069 
13,150 
7, 133 
4,564 
2.975 



3.55 I 
4.91 ! 
7.80 
3.13 I 
1.18 

.96 ! 

.95 



I 



2.98 
9.16 
6.07 

1.89 
1.04 

.89 

3. 27 
4.02 
2.11 
1.35 
.91 



1.72 
5.66 
8.70 
3.61 
1.36 
1.07 
.78 

2.77 
10.22 
7.00 
2. 18 
1.16 
1.03 

2.07 
4.49 
2.43 
1.56 
1.09 



rtThe results for 1898 and 1899, as previously published, were in error. 



46 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

MADISON RIVER NEAR REDBLUFP, MONT. 



[ jfo. 8i 



This station is located at the ranch of the observer, Mrs. S. A. Black, 
4 miles below the lledbluff iron county bridge over the Madison, and 
about 1^ miles below the mouth of Cherry Creek. It is also about 3 
miles below the location of the old Redbluff station, described in 
Bulletin No. 131, on page 18. It was established May 2, 1897, at which 
time the one at Threeforks was discontinued. The vertical gage is 
fastened to a post set firml^^into the bed of the river, and braced with 
cross-piec«8 from the bank. Discharge measurements are made from 
the iron bridge above. Cherry Creek is measured at the same time, 
as it enters between the gage and the bridge. The initial point for 
soundings is at the left abutment of the bridge. The banks are high 
and do not overflow. The bed of the stream is rocky and the current 
is quite swift. The following are the discharge measurements mad« 
during 1902 by II. B. Waters: 

April 29: Gage height, 1.40 feet; discharge, 1,485 second-feet. 

July 18: Gage height, 1.74 feet; discharge, 2,403 second-feet. 

July 18: Gage height, 1.74 feet; discharge, 2.426 second-feet. 

September 4: Gage height, 1.31 feet; discharge, 1,424 second-feet. 

Daily gage height ^ in feet^ of Madison River near Redbluff, Mont, 



Day. 

19CK. 



Mar. Apr. May. j June. Jnly. 



(«) 



(n) 



8. 

». 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
18. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 

Zi. 
24- 
25. 
26. 
27- 
28. 
29. 
30. 
81. 



(") 



('« ) 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 I 

1.0l> I 

l.(X) • 



1.00 ' 

i.a) I 

1.20 I 
1.20 I 
1.20 I 

i.:« , 

1.80 
1.30 

1.:*) 
1.:* 

1.30 
1.30 

i.a) 

1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.35 
1.35 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 

i.m 

1.40 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 ' 
1.50 I 
1.40 , 



.v» I 



1.40 I 
1.40 
1.40 I 
1.40 
1.40 I 
1.43 I 
1.45 I 
1.50 i 
1.50 i 
1.50 j 

i.eo 

1.70 
1.80 
1.90 
2.06 ' 
2.20 ' 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2.17 , 
2. 10 ; 
2.01 
1.90 ' 
1.90 ' 
1.90 ! 
2.00 ! 
2.15 I 
2.40 
2.(50 I 
2. 70 ' 
2.85 
3.00 I 



3.00 
3.00 
2.75 
2.51 
2.50 
2.45 

2.:« 

2.35 

•> KS 

2.86 
2.95 
2.95 
2.90 
2.90 
2.80 
2.60 
2.35 
2.25 
2.10 
2.20 
1.90 
1.90 
1.95 
2.00 
2.00 
2.10 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 



1.95 
2.00 
2.00 
2.10 
2.(X) 
2.00 
1.96 
1.90 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.75 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.60 
1.55 
1.50 



Aug. I Sept. 



1.40 
1.40 I 
1.40 I 
1.35 I 
1.30 I 
1.30 j 
1.30 I 
1.30 
1.30 I 
1.30 i 
1.30 , 
1.30 i 
1.30, 

i.:«) 
1.30 ' 
1.30 I 
1.30 ! 
1.30 I 
1.30 I 
1.30 I 
1.30 I 
1.30 I 
1.30 i 
1.20 , 



1.50 


1.20 


1.50 


1.20 


1.50 


1.20 


1.50 


1.20 


1.45 


1.80 


1.40 


1.20 


1.40 


1.90 



1.30 

i.ao 

1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
l.ar) 
I.ao 

1.80 
1.30 

I.ao 

1..30 
1.30 
1.30 

I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 
I.ao 

1.30 

I.ao 
I.ao 

1.80 

I.ao 

1.80 



Oct. Not. 



1.31) 

I.ao 

1.30 
1.80 
1.30 
1.80 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 

I.ao 

1.30 
1.30 

I.ao 
i.ao 

1.30 
1.30 

I.ao 

1.80 
1.80 
1.30 

I.ao 

1.80 
1.30 
1.80 
1.30 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 



i.ao 

1.89 
1.80 
1.90 
LdO 
L» 
t» 
LS) 



a River frozen »t guge January 1 to March 23, and November « to December 81. 



(TEWELL.] 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



47 



Rating table for Madison River near Redblvff, Mont,, for J9f)J. 



Gasre 
height. 


Dii*<;harifc. 


Gage 
heiiflit. 


Diachargf. 


Feet. 


Senmd-fret. 


Feet. 


Sectnid'feet . 


1.0 


1 910 


1.6 


2,075 


1.1 


1 1.025 

1 


1.7 


2,325 


1.3 


1,175 


1.8 


2,600 


l.li 


• 1,360 


1.9 


2,880 


1.4 


1,570 


2.0 


3.160 


1.5 


1 1,815 

i 


2.1 


3,450 



Gage 
height. 



DiHcharge. 



Feet. 
2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 
2.6 



Secxmd-feet. 
3,745 
4,035 
4.345 
4, 655 
4,935 
5,230 



Feet. 

2.8 
2.9 
3.0 
3.1 



Ser«md-/eet.\ 

I 5.540 

I 5, 840 

6, 140 

I 6,440 



Eutinuited monthly discharge of Madison River near Redhluff^ Mont, 
[Drainage area, 2,086 wiuare miles.] 



I 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Mouth. 



1902. 



Maximum. 



Marcli 2;^ to 31 . . 

April 

May 

June . 

July 

Angust 

September 

October 

November 1 U)H. 



2,075 
6,140 
6,440 
3,450 
1,570 
1,360 
1,360 



Minimum. Mean. 



910 
1,570 
2,880 
1,570 
1,175 
1,360 
1,360 



Run-off. 



910 
1,436 
3,001 
4,336 I 
2,435 , 
1,361 
1,360 ' 
1,360 
1,360 



Total in 
acre- feet. 



16,245 

85,448 

184,524 

258,010 

149,722 

83,685 

80,926 

83,623 

21,580 



, Heeond-feet 
per square 



0.44 
.69 

1.44 

2.08 ! 

1.17 ' 
.65 I 
.65 
.65 
.65 



Depth in 
insheH. 



0.15 

.77 

1.66 

2.32 

1.35 

.75 

.73 

.75 

.19 



JEFFERSON RIVER AT SAPPINGTON, MONT. 

The .Station on this river is located at Sappington, 7 miles above 

^Villow Creek, and was established by Arthur P. Davis November 13, 

1^''4. The wire gage is fastened to the guard rail on the upper side 

of the Northern Pacific Railway bridge, 1 mile north of the railroad 

station. Bench mark No. 1 consists of a G-incli wire nail driven 

horizontally in the east side of the blocking which forms the south 

^hutment of the railroad bridge and is 0.1)0 feet above gage datum. 

^nch mark No. 2 is a 6-inch wire nail in a telegraph pole, about 30 

f^et south and east of the south abutment of the bridge, and is at an 

^^evation of 7 feet on the gage. Bench mark No. 3 is the head of the 

Northwest bolt fastening the switch standard to the cross-tie, 30 feet 

^^t of the bridge. Its elevation is 15.07 feet. On November 3, 1897, 

^ho rod was lowered eight-tenths of a foot, the subsequent years 

•^ing adjusted to the new datum, but the balance of 1897 was cor- 

^^eted to agree with old datum, Pischarge measur^m^ula at^ m^^ 



48 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[KO. 



from a cable and oar iiist^illtKl a short distance above the bridge. Tl 
following measurements were made during 1902 by H. B. Waters. 

April U\: Gage height, 2.10 feet: discharge, l,!-^ -■ > ntirl feet 
May 27: Gage height, 4.90 feet: <li»charge, 5,940 second-feet. 
July 1."): Gage height, 2.99 feet: discharge, 2,534 second-feet. 
August 1. (iiiiii^ li^ ii^lit, 2.03 feet; discharge, 1,137 second-feet. 
August 29: Gage height, 1.67 feet; discharge, 66:^ second-feet. 

Daily ga{fe height, iufeet, of Jeffernou River at Sapjnngton, Mont. 



Day. 



\9i&. 



I Jan. 



Feh. . Mar. Apr. , May. j June. July. 



AuK. j Sept. I CVt. ' Nov. 



:i3r> 1 



6 '''3..')0 

« 




7 1 




8 ■ 

» ' 


li.'^) 

1 



10. 

11. 

12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
1«- 
17. 
IH. 
19. 

a). 

21 

22- 

Zi. 

24. 

25. 

2«. 

27 

3H. 

29. 

30. 

31 . 



J I. 

. ^3.30 |. 



I 



3.40 



.3.40 



""1 



-I- 



2.m , 

1.90 



l.HO 
1.JS5 ' 
2.00 
2. (JO 1 
2.10 
2.20 ^ 
2. 10 . 
2.20 ' 
2.10 
2.20 
2.25 
2.10 
2.00 
2.20 
1.85 
2.00 
2.10 I 
2.10 
2.20 1 
2.40 , 

3.(iO I 
Ji.flO 

:i(50 ' 
:i:i5 

3.30 

3.:*) 
3.30 
:i20 



3.20 

:i2o 
3.30 

:i20 

3. M) 

:ioo 

2.90 
2.90 
3.25 
3. .55 
3.85 
4.05 
4.10 
4.30 
.4.65 
5.20 
5.50 
5.40 
5.10 
5.00 
5. W 
4.80 
4.(50 
4. 75 
4.8(1 
4.8(1 
4.85 
5. 15 
5.(5(» 
(K25 
(5.(10 



H.50 I 
«.50 ^ 

♦j.:io , 

5.90 ! 

5.:fi 

5.10 i 
4.70 
4.55 I 

4.«0 j 
4.70 
6.10 
5.10 ' 
5.10 
5.10 
4.95 
4.7(J 
4.10 ' 
:j.80 I 
3.55 I 
3.45 , 
H.3.. , 
:120 

3.20 ' 
3.20 I 
3. 15 I 
3. \U j 
3. 10 
3. 10 
:{. 20 



3.20 
3.20 
3.20 
3.55 
:190 
4.20 
4.10 
3.85 

:}.eo 

3.65 
3.30 
3.30 
3.16 
3.00 
2.95 
2.75 
2.70 
2.ft5 
2.(J5 
2.8r> 
2.70 
2.(« 
2.50 
2.50 
2.40 
2.:i5 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.1(1 
2.10 



2.15 

2.00 

2.00 

1.90 

l.HO 

1.80 

1.45 

1.35 

1.4.5 

l.flO 

1.50 

1.50 

1.65 

1 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.80 

1.80 

1.90 

i.a5 



70 ! 

ni i 



1.60 
1. 61) 
1.40 
1..55 
1.60 ' 
1.60 

1.65 ] 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.65 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60' 
1.60 I 
1.60 ' 
1.60 1 

1.66 : 
1.70, 
1.70 
1.70 ' 



1.80 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1.76 


1.70 


1.80 


1.70 


1.80 


1.60 


1.80 


1. 00 





1.80 I 

l.HO 

1.80 I 

1.80 I 

1.85 

1.90 I 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

2.00 

2.0l» 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 I 

2.00 

2.00 ^ 

2.00 

2.10 

2.10 I 

2.10 I 

2.10 

2.10 

2.10 

2.10 



2.10 
2.10' 
2.10 
2.15 

2. a) 

2.20 
2.30 
2.30 
2.80 
3.30 
3.35 
3.80 
3.30 
3.35 
3.40 
3.4(» 
3.40 
2.40 
2. .VI 
2..5l> 
2.45 
2.40 
2.30 
2.:)0 
2.30 
2.30 

2.:jo 

2.30 
2.30 
2.30 



'« W^eekly observation.s during January, February, and March. '»lce at ga^. 

Rating fahh' for Jefferson Rinr at Sappington. Mont.^ for 190:^, 



Gage 
height. 


Diwharge. j^ 


FeH. 


Sfcuud-feet. 


1.4 


510 


1.0 


r),s5 


l.H 


H17t 


2.0 


1.090 


2.2 


1,335 


2.4 


1,610 


2.6 


1,915 



Gage 
height. 

2.S 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3. 
3.S 
4.0 



Diwhar;^**. 
Svcmd-fert 

2, 230 

2, 550 
2,870 
3, 205 

3. 550 

3. 905 

4. 270 



Fvi't. I Stcond-feet. 



Gai 

heigl 



gf^ ' Diachargt 



4.2 
4.4 
4.(i 
4.S 
5. 
5. 2 
5.4 



4,040 
5. 000 
5, 365 
5, 750 
r>. 140 
0. 525 
6,915 



Feet. 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 



Secondrfei 
7,305 
7,695 
8,085 
8,475 
8,8e5 
9,25.1 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAOR BASIN. 



49 



itiniated monthly discliarge of Jefferson River at Sapphigton^ Mont. 
[Drainage area, 8,984 aquare miles.] 



Discharge in Hecond-feet. 



Month. 



1902. 



Maximnm. Minimum. Mean. 



t ... 
iber 
r... 
iber. 
ber. 






Rnn-oflT. 


Total in 
acre-feot. 


Second-feet 

per square 

mile. 


Depth in 
inches. 


111,570 


0.21 


0.23 


:W9, 160 


.56 


.65 


302,340 


.57 


.64 


153,842 


.28 


.32 


49, 252 


.09 


.10 


43,974 


.08 


.09 


65,115 


.12 


.14 


86,876 


.16 


.18 


100,225 


.18 


.21 



MiscellaneouH inefMuretnents in Missouri Rwer drainage basin, 
ade by B. E. Forbes, J. C. Stevens, Adna Dobson, A. B. Crane, and H. B. Waters.] 

NEBRASKA. 



Date. 


stream. 


L<j<»lity. 


Dis- 
charge. 


1902. 
;9 


Long Pine Creek 

Minnechadnza Creek . . 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 


. Long Pine 


Sec'/eet. 
49.7 


22 


. . Valentine 


38.1 


1 



1 


.., Sec. 29, T. 35, R. 30 W ... 

.. Sec.2,T.34,R.80W 

.. Sec.8,T.34,R.29W 

..1 Sec. 30, T. 34, R. 38 W .... 
. . Valentine 

-, - -1" 

do 

do 

do 

. . 1 Fort Niobrara 

..;... ..do..... 

..! W. line sec. 26, T. 29, R. 
46 W. 

. - 1 Fort Niobrara 

do 

do 


14.9 
17.3 
26.0 
83.8 
38.8 
23.1 
27.4 
22.7 


t; 20 


do 


23.8 


22 


Niobrara River 


1.226 


2 


do 


877 




5 


do 

do 


25.4 

588 




do 


714 


^ 


do .... 


705 




White River 

do 


Sec. 34, T. 32, R. 52 W ...- 
Sec. 25, T. 32, R. 52 W ... 
. . Sionx Falls, S. Dak 


64.9 


k 20 


10.4 


iberS 


Big Sioiix . 

3 4 


V 4ftA 


ms 84— p 







40 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Rating table for Gallatin River at Logan, Mont,, for 190i, 



llKI.8i. 



Gaflre 
height. 


Discharge. \ 

1 


Gage 
height. 


DiMcharge. 
Second-feet 


height. 
Feet. 


I Diflcharge. 

I 

1 Second' feet. 


he^t. 
Feet. 


1 
DiBcbargB. ' 


^V*'^ 


' Second-feet. \ 


Feet. 


1 


0.2 


1 356 


1.4 


780 , 


2.6 


1 1,965 


3.8 


8,520 , 


.4 


870 ■ 


1.6 


040 


2.8 


1 2,200 


4.0 


3,880 , 


.6 


1 400 


1.8 


1,120 


3.0 


1 2,440 


4.2 


4,125 


.8 


! 450 ' 


2.0 


1,315 


3.2 


1 2, 700 


4.4 


4,480 


1.0 


1 580 


2.2 


1,520 


3.4 


, 2,960 




1 


1.2 


1 650 

1 


2.4 


1,735 


3.6 


3,240 




1 



Estinuited monthly discharge of Gallatin Rix^r at Logan, Mont. 
[Drainage area., 1,8(16 Hquare luileH.] 



Month. 



Diiicharge in Hecond-feet. 



j 
Maximum. ! Minimum. Mhhu. 

I I 



Run-off. 



Total in i 

a<'re-feet. 8eeond-feet| tv»«*i» in 



780 



I 



T 



560 



1902. , 

January 5 to 18- . . 

February 16 to 28 

March 

April 1 to 12 

May 4 to 31 

Junelto28 2, 

Julyl4to31. 



August _-. 
September 
October . . . 
November . 
Decemlier . 



450 
590 
590 

780 
3, 240 



382 
^56 
590 
590 i 
530 1 



530 
576 
678 
710 
328 
775 
599 
410 
399 
590 
679 
4r»5 



14, 
14. 
41, 
16, 
129, 
154, 
21, 
25, 
23. 
36, 
40. 
iK), 



717 

856 
693 
899 
291 
136 
398 
206 
742 
278 
383 
079 



0.29 I 

.32 I 

.38 I 

.39 I 

1.29 

1.54 

.m 

.23 
.22 
.33 

.81 , 



O.l.'i 
.15 
.44 
.18 

1.60 
.2^ 
.2T 
.2.*^ 
.99 
.43 
.9» 



I 



WEST (lALLATIN RIVER NEAR SALESVILLK, MONT. 

The Salesville station, which has Ikhmi maintained for a number o^ 
years, was establislied near Williams's rancli, about IG miles south^ 
west of Bozeman and near a highway bridge crossing the streanC^ 
about 5 miles south of Salesville. A gage rod was erected in July^ 
1895, and observations were begun on August 1 by Ira T. Williams^ 
a ranchman living about 6(X) feet away. The gage is spiked to ar 
tree and is not liable to be washed out. The bench mark consists of 
a 6-inch spike driven in the top of a stump 5 feet noilh of the gage 
post. It is 0.71 feet al)ove the zero of the gage, as lowered 6 feet 



UKWELL.] 



MISSOURI RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



41 



from the original position. A second bench mark consists of a 6-inch 
spike driven into the east bridge abutment. This is 9.20 feet above 
the zero of the gage. The initial point for soundings is on the right 
bank. In flood the water flows behind the bridge abutments on the 
right bank, but at other times is confined within the channel. The 
bed of the stream is composed of bowlders and is not liable to change. 
The velocit}' is great, rendering discharge measurements somewhat 
difficult. The channel is nearly straight, with slight curves both 
above and below. Two canals are taken out alK)ve this station, the 
West Gallatin Company carrying about 125 second-feet between July 
1 and September 15, and the Kleinschmidt carrying about 50 second- 
feet between July 1 and August 15. In September, 1890, a wire gage 
vras placed on the bridge, the pulley being fastened to the end of the 
rod opposite the 0. 15-foot mark. The distance of the end of the 
weight to the index marker is 15.50 feet. The two gages were made 
to read the same. 

The bench mark for the wire gage is tlie head of the southwest 
bolt in the rim of the southeast cylindrical pier. Its elevation is 
13.70 feet above datum. The observer is Ira T. Williams, Salesville, 
Mont. 

Dimharge mewtnremeiitH of West Gallatin River near Saletnnlle, Mont. 



Date. 



April 28. 
Junes 

Do 

June 9 

June U 

June 24 

Do 

July 10 

JnlylT 

August 13... 
^tembcr 4 . 



1902. 



Hydrographer. 



H. B. Waters 
A. P. Stover 
do 



do 

do 

do 

do 

do - 

H. B. Waters 
A. P. Stover 
H. B. Waters 



OaKe 
height. 

Feet. 

2.m 

5. 30 
5. 80 
ft. 12 
T). 30 
r>. 05 
5. 05 
4.25 
4.14 
3. 30 
2. SO 



DiBcharKe. 
S*'V'm(l-feet. 

373 
2, 629 
2,606 
4,361 
4,768 
2. 778 
2,779 
1,074 
1,348 
627 
433 



52 



8TRKAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. l>o '4. 

Ddily yage height, in feet, of Elkhorn RixHi' near Arlington, Nebr. 



Day. 



Mar. Apr. j May. June. July, i Aug. 



I 



J. 



19Q2. ' 

I- I ' 

2 I 

3 1 

4 1 

5 ' 

6 ' I 

^ ' , 

8 

9 (") ! 

10 ' 3.74 I 

11 i 3.34 

12 3.17 I 

18 ' 3.19 , 

14 1 3.36 I 

16 ' 3.37 j 

16 ] 3.02 

17 3.83 I 

18 ' («) j 

W I (•>) 

20 2.25 I 

21 1 2.32 I 

22 1 2.71 ! 

28 2.67 I 

24 •. ' 2.42 I 

25 1 2.35 j 

26 .1 2.36 

27..... ' 2.28 I 

28 1 2.22 1 

29 j 2.23 

30 2.21 j 

31 1 2.18 ,. 



2.24 I 
2.39 I 
2.51 I 
2.73 I 
2.8» 

2.83 ' 

2.76 I 
2.67 
2.62 ' 
2.50 
2.39 
2.32 
2.21 
2.12 
2.13 
2.12 
2.07 
1.98 
1.96 
1.91 

1.84 ' 
1.80 I 

1.77 i 
1.79 I 
1.75 ' 
1.82 I 
l.»2 ' 
l.«i 1 
2.11 
2.65 ' 



3.20 
3.23 
3.:» 
3.12 
2.71 
2.44 
2.31 
2.23 
2.15 
2.14 
2.08 
2.00 
2.01 
2.02 
1.08 
1.88 
1.87 
1.82 
1.77 
1.75 
1.80 
1.85 

i.m 

1.98 
2.W 
1.95 
1.89 
1.92 
1.90 
1.94 
1.90 



1.90 



1.88 
1.82 ' 
1.72 I 
1.82 I 
1.88 
1.75 ' 
1.74 

1.90 ; 
2.85 
2.76 
2.80 I 
2.31 
2.14 
2.10 I 
1.93 
1.82' 

1.91 I 
2.27 
2.44 
2.15 1 

1.92 1 
1.81 
1.75 
1.72 ' 
1.61 I 
1.60 
1.58 
1.70 , 
1.74 



1.80 i 

1.99 

2.20 

2.85 ' 

3.57 ' 

5.80 

6.17 I 

5.90 ' 

8.16 

9.10 

8.78 

7.65 

7.66 

7.41 

6.10 

5.85 I 

5.52 

6.11 

:.ul 

7.15 I 

6.92 

6.50 

5.09 

4.71 

4.06 

4.30 

4.22 

3.86 

3.51 

3.12 

3.66 



Sept. ' Oct. Nov. De<'. 



4.95 
4.15 
3.37 I 
3.00 j 
2.75 j 
2.56 
2.35 ' 
2.21 
2.14 
2.00 
1.95 
1.82 
1.88 
1.81 
2.25 
4.97 
5.50 I 
4.29 I 
3.69 
3.08 , 
2.70 ' 
3.80 I 
3.44 I 
3.90 ' 
4.18 I 
4.57 
5. 18 
5.23 I 
5.06 
5.67 
3.90 ' 



I 
3.47 
3. 12 ' 
2.80 
2.64 I 
2.52 
2.40 
2.24 
2.20 
2.17 
2.00 
1.97 
1.94 
1.90 
1.80 
1.76 
1.72 !* 
1.68 
1.61 
1.66 
1.54 
2.06 
2.60 
8.26 
3.50 
3.58 
3.40 
3.45 
3.57 
3.46 
3.92 



I 



I 

4.20 I 

5. 15 
5.07 

4. HO ; 

4.73 ! 
4.60 
4.30 I 
4.26 ' 
4.17 ' 
4.06 I 
4.01 
4.64' 
5.14 I 
6.10 
4.71 
4.28 I 
4.02 
3.86 ' 

aT2 j 

8.66 
8.49 I 
3. 42 
8.30 
a20 
3.22 I 

3.16 ' 
3.06 I 
2.96 I 
2.96 
2.91 ' 
2.82 , 



2.88 I ill 

2.86 2.10 
2.76 I" 

2.72 

2.67 

2.63 

2.58 I 

2.60'. 

2.58 I 

2.88 I 

2.62 ! 

2.87 j 

aao 

3.16 

2.88 

2,76 

2.64 

2.58'. 

2.65, 

2.47 .- 

2.50,. 

2.47...- 
2.46 .--• 
2.36 ..— 
2.32 I..--- 
2.28 ..-- 
2.26'.--- 
2.24 |.- - 
2.14 ..-- 



« Operations diHcontinued from January 
of ice. 



1 to March 10, and from December 3 to 31, on acco*^ 



Rating table fo^r Elkhorn River near Arlington, Nebr., for liH)3,<^ 



Oage 
heiKbt. 


1 ! 

Di.s(;harge. 


Gage 
height. 


Diw.hargo. 


Gage 
height. 


Di«<'harge. 


Gage 
height. 


DiMcharge - 


Feet. 


\ Second- fret . 


Fret. 


Serond-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feef 


1 0.4 


238 1 


2.0 


740 


3.(5 


1.706 


5.2 


3,398 


i -^ 


1 270 1 


2.2 


838 


8.8 


1.882 


5.4 


8,656 


' .8 


; ^ 1 


2.4 


982 


4.0 


2, 067 


5.6 


3,925 


1 l.O 


1 ''•"• 1 


2.0 


1.087 


4.2 


2,208 


5.8 


4.208 


' 1.2 


435 1 


2.8 


1,149 


4.4 


2,469 


6.0 


4,494 


1.4 


501 1 


8. 


K268 


4.0 


2.686 


6.2 


4,797 ' 


i.r> 


1 574 


:i2 


1,898 


4.8 


2,913 




1 


l.H 


654 1 


8.4 


( 1.542 

1 


5.0 


8, 150 




1 



<»Thi» table was applied indirectly according to the method outlined on p. 323 of Nineteeni 
Ann. Rept., U. S. Geol. Surv., pt. 4. 



je^VKi.L.1 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



53 



Efdimated monthly discharge of the Elkhorn River near Arlington, Nebr, 
[Drainage area, 5,9H0 square miles.] 



Month. 



Run-off. 



Depth in 
inchPH. 




ELKHORN RIVER NEAR NORFOLK, NEBR. 

The gaging station established July 16, 1890, is located about 2 
miles south of Norfolk, Nebr., near the line of Thirteenth street 
extended. The gage is on the left bank of the river. It consists of 
an inclined oak piece, 2 by 4 inches, 12 feet long, resting on beveled 
blocks which rest in turn on horizontally bedded cross-ties. All are 
finnly fastened together by lag screws. The zero of the gage is 8.21 
feet below a small spike driven horizontally into a tree near the root, 
about 20 feet back, and downstream from the gage. Also, the zero 
of the gage is 3.96 feet below the head of a lag screw which is placed 
vertically in the horizontal trunk of a large living willow tree which 
overhangs the stream about 15 feet below the gage. Bench mark 3 is 
a standard 4-foot iron pipe of the United States Geological Survey, 
located 35 feet west and 7 feet north of the top of the gage, and 15.5 
feet west of the ash tree on which is bench mark 1. Its elevation is 
10.70 feet above the zero of the gage. The observer is Harold Taft, a 
fanner boy, whose home is about 300 yards from the gage. The river 
bed at the station is composed of sand and mud. 



54 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [5o.«t 

Disdiarge ineamirementu of Elkhorji River near Norfolk, Nebr, 



Date. 



Hydrographt»r. 



1902 

March 21 i J.C.Stevens 

AprillS ' do 

May 12 do 

June 16 do 

July 3 do 

Jnly26 1 do 

Angii8t22 _.J do 

September 29 J do . 

November 14 _ ' do 



SSi. ^^^ 



heigl 



Feet. 


Seci>nd-feft. 


2.39 


570 


2.22 


534 


2.16 


m 


2.54 


551 


4.36 


1,376 


2.45 


475 


1.78 


296 


5.65 


2,497 


2.34 


502 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Elkhorn River near Norfolk, Nebr, 





Day. 


' Mar. 

1 


Apr. 


, May. 


June. 1 

1 


July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oet. 


1 Nov. 


1 


1902. 


' 


1 

2.95 


2..% 


1 
2.50 1 


1.90 


1.90 


2.% 


.5.92 


1 

2.88 


2 






3.25 


2.eo 


2.35 1 


3.11 


1.90 


1 2.70 


5.76 


2.71 


3 






3.45 


2.80 


2.20 ! 


4.48 


1.85 


1 2.50 


5.62 


2.09 


4 






3.20 


2.55 


2.10 1 


4.00 


1.85 


1 2.40 


.5.35 


2.65 


6 






3.20 


2.55 


2.95 ' 


3.55 


1.83 


, 2.10 


4.T.i 


2.85 


6 




1 


2.97 


2.50 


3.(rr 1 


3.(6 


1.81 


1.90 


4.00 


2.W 


7 






2.90 


' 2.50 


2.50 


2.90 


1.80 


1.96 


4.39 


2.58 


8 






2.85 


1 2. 45 


2.5."> ' 


2.72 


1.79 


1.97 


4.26 


2.58 


9 




('•; 


2.80 


2.40 


2.50 1 


2.80 


1.77 


1.95 


4.17 


2.47 


10 




' 2.5."i 


2.70 


2.30 


2.40 i 


2.85 


1.75 


1.99 


4.06 


2.47 


11 




2.00 


2. .50 


2.25 


2.35 


2.86 


1.75 


2.00 


4.01 


2.43 


12 




2.«2 


2.32 


2.ao 


2.20 I 


2.«J 


1.7:^ 


2.01 


4.28 


2.30 


13 




, «-5 


2.20 


2.20 


2. 10 ' 


2.90 


1.70 


2.00 


4.10 


2.21 


14 




! 2.72 


2.15 


2.15 


2.40 ' 


3.40 


1.08 


1.98 


3.88 


2.10 


16 




2.72 


2.16 


2.10 


2.40 


4.00 


l.«5 


1.98 


3.86 


2.L5 


Itt 




(«> 


2.12 


2.15 


2.70 ' 


3.85 


1.70 


1.90 


3.41 


2.(6 


17 




(") 


2.13 


2.20 


2.80 , 


3..V> 


1.70 


1.85 


3.01 


1.9M 


18 




! ,") 


2.15 


2.W 


2.75 


3. 85 


1.73 


1.85 


2.97 


1.97 


19 




(«» 


2.13 


2.00 


2.70, 


3.(M) 


1.75 


1.84 


3.72 


i.»: 


20 




' 2.ttr) 


2.10 


2.80 


2.61 


3.44) 


1.75 


2.00 


3.06 


2.0a 


21 




' 2.52 


2.15 


2.85 


2.50 


3.25 


1.78 


2.35 


3.49 


2.(6 


22 




! 2.45 


2.10 


2.80 


2.30 


3.(fj 


1.80 


2.46 


3.42 


2.(» 


23 




i 2.42 


2.10 
2.01 


2.75 
2.75 


2.22 ' 


2.5X) 

2.85 


1.85 
2.00 


2.37 
2.06 


3.39 
3.29 


2AH 


24 




2.38 


a 1.12 


25... . 




2.40 


2.00 
2.20 


2.70 
2.00 


1.8.5 


2.00 
2.49 


2.(W 

2.78 


2.83 
3.10 


3.22 
3.18 


al.22 


26 




' 2.40 


al.36 


27 




1 2.40 


2.:i5 


2.61 


1.82 


2.40 


2.90 


3.47 


8.06 




28 




2.45 


2. ;*-> 

2.4;') 


2.01 
2.00 


1.80 
1.75 


2.00 
2.19 


3.(M) 
2.tjO 


4.89 
5.09 


2.90 
2.96 




29 




2.38 




30 




' 2.35 


2.50 


2.55 


1. 75 


2. 10 1 


2.10 


5.94 


2.91 




81 




' 2.30 

• 




2.55 




2.(«) 


2.1(» 




2.82 i 





aOl«ervati«»UM discontinued from Jan. 1 Ut Mar. 9 and fniiii Nov. 27 to Dec. 31 ou a«'<*ount of ice- 



XCEWCLL.] 



PLATTE RrVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



55 



Rating table for Elkhorn River near Norfolk , Nebr,,for liH)2. 



b^^t. 


Discharge. 


Oage 
heiglit. 


Discharge. 


1 h^l 

1 


Discharge. 
Second-feet. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 
Secand-feet. 


Fet!t. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


1 

Feet. 


Ftet. 


0.8 


140 


2.4 


498 


; 4.0 


1,324 


5.6 


2,480 


1.0 


162 


2.6 


575 


4.2 


1.444 


5.8 


2.660 


1.2 


192 


2.8 


668 


1 4.4 


1,570 


6.0 


2,840 


1.4 


. 227 


3.0 


763 


4.6 


1.704 


0.2 


3,020 


1.6 


270 


3.2 


860 


, 4.8 


1,843 


6.4 


3,200 


1.8 


319 


3.4 


971 


5.0 


1,987 


6.6 


3,380 


2.0 


^70 


1 3.6 


1,087 


5.2 

1 


2,m 


6.8 


3,560 


2.2 


425 


3.8 


1,205 


5.4 


2.300 







oThiA table was applied indirectly according to the method outlined on page '^i o2 Nineteenth 
Ann. Rept. U. 8. Geol. Surv., pt. 4. 

Estimated niontJdy discliarge of tJie Elklwrn Rit'er near Norfolk, Nehr. 
[Drainage area, 2,474 sqnare miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 
March, 18 days . 

April - 

May 

June 

July 

Angast 

September 

October . _ 

November 1 to $ 



Discharge in second-feet, 
I 
Maximum. ■ Minimum. 



1,028 


444 


778 


471 


840 


259 


1,462 


287 


729 


263 


2,750 


^ 319 


2,597 


668 



-feet. 




Run-off. 




, Mean. 


Total in 
acre- feet. 


Second-feet 

Iter Houare 

mile. 


Depth in 
in<*heH. 


591 


21,100 


0.24 




0.16 


651 


38,730 


.26 




.29 


616 


37,870 


.25 




.29 


490 


29,154 


.20 




.22 


710 


43,6.50 


.29 




.33 


354 


21,764 


.14 




.16 


642 


38,200 


.26 




.29 


1,265 


77.770 


.51 




.59 


482 


21,990 


.19 




.16 



LOUP RIVER AT COLUMBUS, NEBR. 

Observations at this station were begun October 13, 1804. 

This station is located near the iron bridge of th(» ITnion Pacific 
Railway, just west of Columbus, Nebr. The observer is David J. 
Mowerj', who lives in Columbus. The gage is 50 yards from the 
bridge, and is of oak, 3 by G inches, 12 feet long, f listened by lag 
screws to a pile, which forms part of the training works above the 
bridge. The rod is vertical. The 1 2-foot mark on the rod is 7 feet 
l>eU>w a jwint 2 feet east of the third panel point of the north truss of 
the east span, counting the end of the span as the first panel point. 
Bench mark 2 is the regulation 4-foot iron post of the Ignited States 
Geological Survey, placed 72 feet east of gage rod. Its (elevation is 
13.27 feet above zero of gage, (lagings are made from a cable which 
spans the stream al>out 50 yards above the bridge. 



56 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. Iso. 

Discharge m^aHurenients of Loup River at Columbus^ Nebr, 



Date. 



Hydrufirrapher. 



1902. I 

March 8 , Frank Dobwm. 

April 13.... do 

May 11 -I do ..." 

May 22. _ \ J. C. Stevens 

June 1 do 

July 11 -...' do --.. 

August 10 -J do 

August 26 I do . - 

September 11 ' do 

October 5 J. C. Stevensand Ferd Bonstedt. 



Gktffe 
height. 


DiBchar 


Feet, 


Se-Hmd-j 


5.79 


6, 


4.70 


2 


4.81 


o 


5.56 


4, 


4.85 


2. 


5.59 


6. 


6.10 




5.55 


6, 


4.48 


2, 


5.05 


3. 



Daily gage height y in feet, of Louj) River at Columbtift, Nehr,» 



Day. 



^ I I I I 

I Mar. Apr. May. June. July. 



1902. 



3 


3 1 


4 ' 


5 1 ... 


6 . . 1 


7 1 


8 


1 5.79 


9 


. . ' 5. 79 


10 


1 5.00 


11 


1 4.70 


12 


1 4.(J0 


13 . 


. , 4.70 


14 


; 4.80 


15 


4.80 


16 


4.80 


17 




4.70 


18 


' 4.70 


19 


' 4.60 


20 


' 4.60 


21 


' 4.64 


22 


' 4.05 


23 


1 4.68 


24 


1 4.70 


26 


4.80 


26 


1 4.JJ0 


27 


1 4.95 


28 


1 4.97 


29 


' 5 m 


80 ' 4.80 


31 


' 4.70 



TO I 



70 
70 ' 
7(1 
7(1 
70 
7(» 
15 
80 
80, 
80 , 
85 I 
15 I 
10 \ 
00 , 
90 , 



4.85 I 

4.95 I 

5.00 ' 

5.40 ' 

5.80 I 

5.90 

5.95 

5.00 

4.90 

4.85 

4.70 

4.65 

4.65 

4.60 

4.((0 

4.70 

4.65 

4. ('.5 
5.00 
5. 40 
5.00 
4.1*5 
4.70 
4.80 
4.70 
i.W 
4.80 ' 
4.80 I 

5. (JO I 
5.00 



Aug. I Sept. 



6.00 
6.60 
6.80 I 
6.10 I 
6. 10 I 
6.05 i 
6. 10 j 
6.00 I 
5.90 I 
(i.45 I 
5.59 
5.25 
5.00 
5.50 
5.25 
5. 10 
.5. 05 
5. 10 
5. 10 
5.00 
4.90 
4.80 
4.75 
4.70 
4.80 

4.a5 

4.80 
4.85 
4.K5 
4.8;-> 
4.X0 



4.80 
4.70 
4.60 
4.(K) 
4.55 
4.50 
4. 45 
4.40 
5.00 
6.10 
4.90 
4.70 
4.65 
4.62 
4.60 
4.60 

4. (to 
.').(K) 
5.55 
5.50 
5.50 

5. 40 
5. 40 
.5. 30 
5.50 
5. .55 
5. 45 
5.50 
5.59 
5.80 
5.95 



Ot»t. 



5.40 
5.10 
4.60 
4.55 

4.50 I 

4.50 I 

4.45 I 

4.45 

4.45 

4.48 

4.45 

4.40 

4.40 

4.35 

4.30 

4.20 

4.40 

4.50 

4.65 

i.m 

5.80 
6.10 
5.1(» 
5.10 I 
5. 10 
5. 40 
5.20 
5.10 
5.05 I 



5.U) I 
5.00 I 
5.00 

5. a) 

4.92 
4.95 1 
4.96 
4.9(» , 
4.80 I 
4.80 
6.00 j 
5.60 



5.50 



I 



5.40 ' 

5 a) ' 
5.20 I 
5. 10 I 
5.00 I 
4.90 , 
4.90 , 
4.90 I 
4.90 
4.90 I 
4.90 I 
4.90 I 
4.90 
4.90 [ 
4.85 : 
4.85 I 
4.80 1 
4.80 '■ 



aObaervatiODH dl«*<)ntinue<l from .January 1 to Man*h 8, and from November 29 U) l>H;e 
U, on account of ice. 



KEWU.L.] PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 57 

Rating table for Loup River at Columbus^ Xebr.^for 19<fJ,it 



&t. I>i»eh.rge. ^^ | Di«..harKe. h«,Xt. DiM-harK-. ^If^, DWharge. 



Fret. 


; Second-feet . 


, Feet. 


Second- feet.' 


Fert. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet 


3.8 


1,140 


■ 4.6 


2,040 


5.4 


4,101 


6.2 


6,760 


3.9 


! 1,175 


4.7 


2,265 


5.5 


4,402 


6.3 


7,134 


4.0 


1 1,?25 


j 4.8 


2,500 


5.6 


4,712 


6.4 


7,517 


4.1 


1,300 


4.9 


2,743 1 


5.7 


5,031 


6.6 


8,311 


4.2 


1 1,400 


1 5.0 


2,995 


5.H 


5, 35S 


6.8 


9,149 


, 4.3 


, 1,510 


5.1 


3,258 


5.9 


5,694 


7.0 


10,025 


' 4.4 


' 1,660 


5.2 


3,530 , 


6.0 


6,040 ' 


7.2 


10,941 


4.5 


1 1.825 


1 5.8 


3,811 1 

i 


6.1 


6,390 







*^ This table wss applied indirectly according to the method outlintnl on ]>age lisSi, 19th Ann. 
Rept., U. S. Geol. Surv., pt. iv. 

Estinuited vionthly discharge of the Loup River at C<dumbuH, Xebr. 
[Drainage area, 13,542 squan^ mileM.J 



Month. 



Discharge in Becond-feet. 



I 



Run-off. 



Maximum. : Minimum. 



1902. 

March, 24 days 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November, 29 days. . 



3,206 
7,443 
5,936 
10,895 
8,152 
6,909 
4,712 
2,869 



1,976 
2,203 
2,211 
3,394 
2,463 
1,693 
2,500 
2,040 



Mean. 



3,343 
2,409 
3, 226 
3,250 
5,669 
4,767 
3,218 
3,011 
2,501 



Total in | 

ac*re-fe<*t. | .Se<rond-feet r»„„4^i, i- 

n*.r ttfinArt* Depth m 

I ^^^J^ inches. 



159, 156 
143, 385 
198,334 
193, 375 
348,530 
293,115 
191,487 
185,116 
143,859 







0.25 i 


0.22 


.18 1 


.20 


.24 


.28 


.24 


.27 


.42 


.48 


. 35 


.40 


.24 


.27 


.22 


.25 


.19 1 


.20 



PLATTE RIVER NEAR COLUMBUS, NEBR. 

This station was established in 1895, and is located on the left bank 
of the main channel of the river, 75 feet above tlie Meridian bridge 
south of Columbus. It is about 4 miles above the nioutli of the Loup 
River. The gage consists of an inclined oak timber fast^MK^l to cross- 
^ies which are embedded in the bank of th(^ river. The channel is 
straight both above and below the gage. 'J'he bench mark is a stand- 
**tl 4-foot iron post of the United States Geological Survey, and is 
located 44.5 feet east of the gage, Oo feet north of the north end of 
tbe north bridge truss, and 10 feet west of a cottonwood tn»e inches 
^^ diameter. Its elevation is 7.0C fejot above gage datum. 

The initial point for soundings is th(^ north end of t he upstream side 
Of the bridge. 

David J. Mowery, who Uves in Coiumbus, is the observer. 



58 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. ImM. 

Discharge viensurements of Platte RhH*r near CohivibHs, Nebr, 



Date. 



Hydr<>jfraph«*r. 



^X. Discharge. 



heigl 



1902. 



March8 ...J Frank Dobson. 

April 13 -do 

May 11 - .-do 



May 22... ' J. C. Stevens. 

June 1 do 



July 11 do 

Angnst 10 ' do 

Ang^t 26 - do 

September 11 : do 

October .5 _ ' J. C. Stevensand Ferd Bonstedt. 



^eet. 


S^amd/rtt 


3.39 


5,m 


2.22 


996 


2.37 


i,e»5 


3.85 


8,447 


3.39 


5,^52 


3.5r, 


6,992 


1.31 


3oO 


1.60 


546 


.50 


5 


2.50 


1.989 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Platte River near C*oltimbiai, Nebr. 





Day. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


1 


1902. 




2.80 


2 


1 


2.60 


3. .. 


1 


2.40 


4 




2.:« 


5 




2. .35 


6 




2.10 


7. 




3.39 . 
3.38 
3.30 
3.00 1 
2.90 ' 
2.80 , 
2.80 
2.H(> 
2.K) 
2.70 j 
2.M) 1 

2.:«) 

2.20 
2.20 
2.10, 
2.10 

2.rio 

2.70 
3.(N) 
3. 10 ' 
3. 10 1 
3. 10 , 
3.00 
2.90 


2.15 


8 






2.1§ 
2.20 


10 


2.20 


11 


2.20 


12 


2.21 


13 


2.22 


14 .. 




2.20 


15 




2.30 


16 




2. 15 


17 . 




2. 15 


18 




2.10 


19 




2.10 


20 




2.15 


21 .... 




2.10 


22 




2. (r> 


23 




l.ifc-) 


24 




\An 


25 




2.(«> 


26 




2.10 


27 .... 




2.(«» 


28 




2.10 


29 




2. 15 


:« .... 




2.25 


31 







May. ' June. | July. I Anjf. I Sept. 



2.30 
2.25 

2.20 
2.40 
2.50 
2.a5 
2.75 
2.85 
2.85 
2.86 
2.87 
2.90 
2.90 
3.00 
3.20 
3.:i5 
3. Vy 
4.00 
4.:J0 
4.20 
3.K5 
3.H4 
3. 82 
3.80 
3. 75 
3.7(» 
3.00 

3. 39 

3.:» 
3.;*< 



I 

3.38 

3.39 

3.39 

3.40 

3.55 

3.90 

3.81) 

3. 85 

3.70 

3.fi5 

3. 50 

3.40 

3.20 

3.20 

3.05 

3. 25 

.3.40 

3.55 

3.5i') ' 

3..-.0 

3. .^lO 

3. 50 

3. 40 

3.4(» 

3.4(» 

3. 40 

3. 40 

3.42 

3.4(» 

3.4^) 



I 

3.40 , 

3.60 ' 

3.60 

4.00 

4.10 

4.10 

4.00 

4.00 

3.JJ0 

3.75 

3. no 

3. 40 
3.30 
3. 21 
.3.00 

2. H9 

2.8() 

3. (k") 
3. :J8 
3.00 
2.90 
2.80 
2.7i» 
2.(«» 
2..')0 
2. 40 
2.:«) , 
2. 2<» 
2. 10 
2.(k'> 



Oct. Ni>v. 



1.90 


1.10 1 


1.80 


1.10 ! 


1.70 


1.10 


1.50 


1.00 


!.:« 


1.00 


1.20 


1.00 


1.10 


1.10 


1.05 


1.00 


1.00 


.90 


1.30 


.80 


1.10 


.50 


1.00 


.45 . 


.90 


.40 


1.10 


.40 


1.20 


.30 


1.10 


.20 1 


1.00 


.20 


1.00 


.20 


1.00 


.40 1 


l.(N) 


.65 1 


1.40 


.70 


2.30 


l.tt) 


2.00 


1.85 


l.«) 


1.85 1 


l.(iO 


1.85 


1.20 


1.90 


1.:*) 


1.95 


1.:*) 


1.95 1 


\M) 


1.90 1 


!.:« 


1.85 


1.20 





1.95 
2.00 
2.20 
2.40 
2.50 
2.75 
2.75 
2.50 
2. a) 
2.30 
2.40 
2.80 
3.00 
3.20 
3.:» 
3.00 
2.95 
2.1M) 
3.60 
2.50 
2.40 
2.30 
2.30 
2.10 
2! 05 
2.05 
2.00 
1.95 
1.86 
1.85 

i.a'> 



1.80 
1.9f» 
1.96 

2.(10 

tm 

2.(W 

2.ctt 

1.95 

l.» 

l.Stfc 

l.fO 

l.TC* 

l.TCn 

\.»-M 

2.1C^ 

2.1CP 

tO^ 

2. (ft' 

tl(^ 

ili» 

t\9 

2.W 

2.16 

2,05 

2.(0 

lift 

l» 



a Ob»ervHt ions (liH<>ontinue<l from January 
31 on a<*.rount t»f i(te. 



1 to Manh M and from November 29 to Dw^ittt'*' 



XEWKLL.] 



PLATTE BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



59 



Rating table for Platte River near Columbus, Nebr,,for lOO^.f^ 



At. 


Second-feet. 


liS^t. 


Diacharge. 


Gacro 
height. 

Feet. 


! Discharge. 
Second feet. 


he^t. 
1 Feet. 


Discharge. 


Feet, 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Second-feet. 


1.0 


190 


2.0 


825 


3.0 


, 3,100 


4.0 


9, 150 


1.1 


220 


2.1 


925 


3.1 


1 3,500 


i '-' 


11,250 


1.2 


250 


2.2 


1,025 


1 3.2 


1 4,000 


1 4.4 


13,550 


1.3 


285 
340 1 


3.3 


1,150 


3.3 


1 4,500 


' 4.6 


16,400 


1.4 


2.4 


1,275 


3.4 


1 5,000 


4.8 


19,700 


1.5 


400 1 


2.5 


1,400 


3.5 


1 5,500 


1 5.0 


28,700 


1.0 


475 1 


2.6 


1,676 


3.6 


6,050 


5.2 


28,400 


1.7 


550 ' 


2.7 


1,984 


3.7 


6,700 


5.4 


3:^,700 


1.8 


635 j 

725 ; 

t 


2.8 
2.9 


2,324 
2.696 


3.8 
3.9 


7,400 
1 8,200 


1 




1.9 






1 







"This table waA applied indirectly according to the method outlined on page :&), 19th Ann. 
Bept. U. S. Oeol. Surv., Pt. IV. 

Estimated monthly discharge of the Platte River near Columtnis, Nebr, 
[Drainage area 60,867 square milee.] 



Month. 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximum. Minimum. 



1902. 
March9to 31 .... 

April 

May 

June 

July I 11,140 

August 1,150 



2,398 

13,800 I 

9,950 I 



8q»tember 
October .. 
November 



975 

5,000 

925 



825 

1,212 

4,150 

995 

190 



690 

635 



Mean. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



Run-off. 



2,817 
1,076 
5,462 
6,426 
5.267 
404 

;^7 

1,798 
796 



Second-feet : Depth 
per square in 

mile. ' inchefl. 



I 



134, 

64, 

335, 

382, 

323, 

24, 

20, 

110, 

47. 



098 
022 
845 
347 
805 
837 
051 
554 
365 



0.050 
.019 
.096 ! 
.113 
.093 
.007 
.006 
.033 
.014 



0.045 
.021 
.111 
.126 
.107 
.008 
.007 
.037 
.016 



PLATTE RIVER NEAR LEXINGTON, NEBR. 

This station was established April 2, 1902, by II. O. Smith. It. is 
located on the highway bridge, 2^ miles south of Lexington, Nebr. 
The gage is of the usual wire type, the sealel)oard being graduated 
to feet and lialf- tenths. It is protected by a box and securely fas- 
tened to the upstream hand rail of the bridge, about 100 feet from the 
north end. It is read daily by Cliarles Freeman, a farmer living 
near by. The channel is straight l)ot]i above and below the station. 



60 



»TRKAM MKAgrRKXENTR IN 1902, PAST m. 



The >>ank8 are low, but do not overflow. The bed of the 8tn«l 
liaudy and Khiftiiij^. l^nch mark No. 1 is a hob on the west ok) 
the bridge approa<h. Its elevation is 2,391.90 feet above seil 
Jieneli mark No. 2 is tlie top of the east end of the first cap i** 
north end of bridge. Its elevation is 2,393.31 feet above «•! 
'J'he elevation of the waU^r siirfa<#, or the end of the weight, wknl 
gag(' ivads »*n>, is :i,385.<i.'i feet. 

iJint'htirf^ mtHtHuri'mfutH <*/ Platte River near Lexington, IS^, 



iMUf. 



1902. 



Hydnjcn^pber. 






Fftt. 



April H . . 
May 'i 
May 22 
Jniie :< 
June \H 
July 5. . 
July 19 
July 29 
Aui^UKt 2 
AuKUHt 2^$ 



H. <). Smith and B. E. Forbes 

H. O. Smith 

.. .do 



do 
.do 

do 
.do 
.do 

do 
.do 
.d<i 
.do 



2.85 


t« 


3.38-. 


'.% 


3.00 


S.0S 


8.25 


6,55 


2.98 


4,« 


2.30 


1.0< 


2.25 


1 


2.00 




1.20 




2.^1 


% 


2.70 


1. 



DitUij (jatjr hriijlii, in fnt, (if I'lattc Rin^r near LeJ^imjton, Sebr. 



Day. 



Apr. May. .June. '. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. 





IWKi. 


' 


1 




i 


5* 


4. 






4 






r> 






«;. 






7 






H . . 






w 






10 






11 . - 




1 


IS 


i:» ; 

14 .- i 


15 . . 




\ *i.7(» 


itt 




; 2ji^i 


17 




1 2 Ihi 


IH 




i.m 


Itt .... 




.. .. 2.7() 






2. ::> 



2.U-) 
2. «5 
2.N) 
2. 75 

2.K') : 

2.W» 

2.W) i 

2.«) 



H.25 

2. 95 : 

2.H() ' 

2. <.J(1 1 
2.iR) 1 



3.(10 I 
3.00 I 
2.90 ' 
3.a5 



2.7() 


3.15 


2.70 


2. 75 




3. (JO 


2. 75 


3.00 


2.9() 


2.75 


3.05 


3.00 


2.90 


3.40 


3.05 


3. 10 


3.^> 


2.(« 


3.40 


3. 15 


2.80 


3.40 


3.30 


2. 50 


3.95 


3.00 


2.50 


3.70 


3.25 


2.a5 


3, (50 


3.25 


2. :*) 


3. 40 


3.25 


1 2. 2.5 



2. :i5 


1.70 


2.00 


l.flO 


1.95 


1.50 


l.HO 


1.45 


1.80 


1.40 


1.70 


1.40 


i.a') 1 


1.^ 


i.m ' 


1.30 


1.85 ; 


1.21) 


l.«5 \ 


1.15 


l.(\0 ' 


1.10 


1.50 


1.10 


1.45 


1.10 


1.40 


1.05 


1.40 


1.00 


1.35 


1.00 


l.») 


1.00 


1.30 


0.U5 


1.25 


0.95 


1.20 


0.90 



2.45 I 2.70 ; 

2.56 ; 2.eo , 

2.55 tM 
2.60 1 2.45 ' 
2.50 I 2.(JI» I 
2.40 I 2.fll)j 
2.45 I 2.75 1 
2.55 j 2.70' 
2.50 I {«) I 

2.45 I 

2.70 ! ■' 

2 75; 

2.75 ; 

2.70 j 

2.86 j 

2.(J6 I 

2.80 j 

2.86 j 

2.85 

2.80 1 



•« BtM»k Ht(ilt>u coutaiiiiii^ rtM'onlH from N«)Voiiil>er 9. 



PLATTK RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



61 



Uygage height ^ in feet, of Platte River near Leadngton, Nebr, — Continued. 



Day. 



ime. 



Apr. 



2.70 
2.60 
2.60 
2.76 
2.66 
2.60 
2.90 
2.70 
2.75 
2.80 



May. 



3.20 
3.35 
3.40 
3.30 
3.20 
3.20 
3.25 
3.30 
8.40 
3.35 
3.30 



Jnne. ' July. Aug. 



I 



2.25 
2.15 
2.10 
2.06 
2.00 
2.40 
2.40 
2.35 
2.15 
2.40 
2.30 



1.20 
1.20 
1.25 
1.30 
1.40 
1.46 
1.36 

l.:« 

1.25 
2.15 
2.00 



Sept. Oct. 



1.60 
2.10 
2.05 
2.25 
2.85 
2.35 
2.70 
2.70 
2.40 
2.45 



I 



2.70 
2.60 
2.«) 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.65 
2.80 
2.65 
2.70 
2.70 



Nov. I Dec. 



2.66 
2.66 
2.'2Q 

2.70 
2.80 
2.70 
2.80 
2.86 
2.85 
3.00 
3.00 



n Gage down; bridge being repaired. 
Rating table for Platte River near Lexington^ Nebr., for li)0^,<^ 



beight. 

Ftft. 
2.1 
2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 



Diacharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


160 


2.6 


390 


2.7 


640 


2.8 


920 


2.9 


1,260 


3.0 



Discharge. 



Second-feet. 
1,680 
2,220 
2,820 
3,500 
4,290 



Gage 
height. 



Feet. 
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 
3.4 
3.5 



DiHc^harge. 

Second-feet. 
5, 140 
6,060 
7,000 
8,020 
9,060 



Gage 
height. 


DiMcharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


8.6 


10,240 


3.7 


11,520 


3.8 


12,860 


3.9 


14,240 


4.0 


15,680 



"This table was applied indirectly, according to the method outlined on p. 323, 19th An. Kept., 
•8.Geol.8urv., Pt. rV. 



Estimated monthly discharge of the Platte River near Lexington, Nebr. 
[Drainage area, 53,300 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 
)ril 15 to 30. 

»y 

ae, 26 days. 

7 

^ust 

tember . . . 

^ber 

ember 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximum. 



14,672 



5,692 
565 

2,780 
1,896 
4,290 



Minimum. Mean. 



1,950 





I 

640 1 
275 i 



2,208 
5,490 
5, 135 
2, 234 
27 
302 
1,191 
1,678 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



70,072 

337, 550 

264,813 

137, 350 

1,660 

17, 968 

73,232 

103, 160 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 

Iier square 

mile. 



0.041 
.103 
.096 
.042 
.001 
.006 
.022 
.031 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.024 
.119 
.092 
.048 
.001 
.007 
.025 



63 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IH. 



[vaM. 



NORTH PLATTE RIVER AT NORTH PLATTE, NEBR. 

The lowest gaging station on thi8 river is located at the wagon bridge 
just north of North Platte, Nebr., and was established October 5, 
1894. It is 3.5 miles alx)ve the junction with the South Platte River. 
The bridge is a long, low, pile bridge, having 93 spans of approxi- 
mately 20 feet each, crossing the main channel of the river. North 
of this, at a distance of about 440 feet, is another bridge crossing i 
smaller branch or slough, and having six spans of about 20 feet each. 
The water, except in times of flood, does not pass under all of the 
spans of the long bridge. Usually the greater part flows under two or 
three of the spans, spreading out in shallow pools or streamlets under 
others. Beneath the greater number of spans is a dry, sandy bed at 
ordinary stages. The initial point for soundings is on the right bank 
and consists of a mark on the railing on the upstream side of the 
bridge. The channel is nearly straight for about 500 feet both above 
and below the station. The banks are low, but are rarely, if ever, 
overflowed. 

The observations of river height are made at the Union Pacific Rail- 
road bridge, about 2 miles below the wagon-road bridge. The rail- 
road l)ridge is 3 miles above the junction of the North and South 
Platte rivers. The gage is vertical, marked to tenths of a foot, and 
is fastened by si^rews to the piling under the bridge. The top of 
the east rail directly over the gage is 12 feet above the zero. The 
gage rod is read twice each day by II. E. Dress, the railroail bridge 
watchman. 



Discharge vieastircnwnfs of North Platte River at North Platte, Nrbr, 



Date. 



19()2. 



April --- 

May 6 ..-- 

May 20 

June 3 -do 

June 19 do 

July 3 do 

Julyi; do 

July 28 do . 

August 9 do - 

August 18 I do . 

August 28. . 1 do - 

Septeml>er 6 do - 

September 24 do . 

November 29 | do . 



flydrographer. 



H. O. Smith and B. E. ForVies.. 

H. O. Smith... 

...do 



Oai 



t. 



Feet. 
2.20 
2.65 
3.15 
2.50 
3.00 
2.70 
1.65 
1.70 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
2.30 
2.40 



Dischazxp. 

Second-feel. 

1,804 

3,733 

7,136 

3,039 

6,610 

4,991 

1,343 

678 

55 

49 

94 

20 

1,817 



wwELL.] PLATTE BIVER DRAINAGE BA8IN. 63 

RfUing table for North Platte River at North Platte, Nehr/^ 



»t. I>-harge. I ^,t^,, T>^^^r^o^ 



hei^i 



O.o 
.6 



j Second-ffet. 

I 15 1 

30 

50 

75 

100 

150 

210 

280 

370 

465 



heigh 

Feet. 
1.5 
1.6 
1.7 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
2.1 
2.2 
2.8 
2.4 



Gage 
height. 



Second-feet. 
565 
670 
800 
950 
1,120 
1,320 
1,560 
1,800 
2,150 i 
2,520 I 



Feet. 
2.5 
2.6 
Ji.7 
2.8 
2.9 
3.0 
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 
3.4 



Discharge. 

■» 

Second-feet. 
2,950 
3,440 
4,050 
4,700 
5,450 
6,100 
6,900 
7,800 
8,800 
9,900 



Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


3.5 


11,100 


3.6 


12.700 


3.7 


14,800 


3.8 


16,000 


3.9 


17,700 


4.0 


19,400 



oThiB table vtha apiilied indirectly according to the method outlined on p. 323, 19th An. Bept. 
C. S. Oeol. Surv., Part IV. 

Daily gage h^ght, in feet, of North Platte River at North Platte, Nebr, 



Day. 


Mar. 


Apr. 

2.00 
2.25 
2.30 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2.25 
2.20 
2.20 
2.15 
2.10 
2.00 
2.05 
2.15 
2.30 
2.40 
2.40 
2.35 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2.55 
2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
2.50 
2.80 
2.80 
2.00 
2.80 


May. 


June. 


July. 

2.80 
2.80 
2.70 
2.80 

2.5r) 

2.50 
2.50 
2.40 
2.50 
2.35 
2.30 
2.20 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
1.75 
1.50 
1.80 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.80 
1.80 
1.50 
1.40 
1.40 
1.4.'> 
l.ft-) 
1.80 
l.ft5 
1.50 


Aug. 

l.fiO 
1.35 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1.15 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.06 
1.00 
.90 
.90 
1.05 

i.(r> 

1.00 
.90 
1.00 
1.10 
1.10 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.05 
1.10 
l.(JO 
l.U) 
1.10 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 


Sept. 


Oct. 

1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.95 
2.00 
1.95 
1.90 
1.85 
1.75 
1.70 
2.05 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.95 
1.90 
1.90 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
l.SO 


Nov. 


Dec. 


1902. 
1 




2.70 
2.70 
2.80 
2.60 
2.70 
2.85 
2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
2.75 
2.90 
2.90 
3.00 
3.40 
3.20 
3.05 
3.10 
3.15 
3.15 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.05 
3.(KI 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.80 


2.80 

2.80 

2.50 

2.50 

2.45 

2.85 

2.96 1 

2.90 

3. or) 

2.90 

2.75 

3.0) 1 

2.95 

3.00 

3.00 , 

3.00 , 

2.95 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

2.90 1 

2.90 ; 

2.90 

2.80 

2.a5 

2.(50 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.70 

1 


1.10 
1.05 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
.95 
1.00 
1.10 
1.15 
1.10 
1.20 
1.15 
1.10 
1.20 
1.15 
1.10 
1.20 
1.55 
2.25 
2.30 
2. 15 
1.95 
1.95 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 


2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.06 
2.00 
2.05 
2.10 
2.10 
2.20 
2.80 
2.50 
2.40 
2.20 


2.20 


2 


2.25 


3 1 


2.30 


4.... 1 


2 30 


5 I 


2.30 


6. .. 


2.30 


7 


(«) 


8 


9..... i 




10 , 1 




11 1 




12-... 




13 




14 






lo-... 


(-) 

1.80 

2.05 

2.20 

2.20 

2.26 

2.80 

2.30 

2.35 

2.55 

2.80- 

2.G5 

2.50 

2.45 

2.30 

2.06 

2.00 




16 

17.... 




W 




19... 




».... 




21 




a... 




23... 




24.. 




25.. 




«... 




27... 




2H... 




29.. 




an.. 




31 


\ 


. 


\ 


\ 








«J 


liver frozen. 













64 



STRfiAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, TART III. 



[ 



Estimated monthly dineharge of the North Platte River at North Platte, N 
[DrainRK^.' aroa 28.517 s<inar«* miles.] 





DiwharKo in»ef<»n<l-foet. 




Run-<jflf. 


Month. 


Maximum. 


1 
Minimum. 


Mmn. 


Total in 
a<*re-feot. 


Second-feet 
per^nare 


ii 


1901. 
March . . 


9,900 


1,820 


8, 2«M) 


200,425 


0.110 




April - - 


4,700 


1.560 


2,408 


148,276 


.080 




May - 


14,8(M) 


2, 150 1 


7,680 


472,282 


.270 




June 


17,7(M) 
4,050 


4,050 

75 i 


9, 788 

1,508 


579, 108 
92,712 


.340 
.050 




July 




AngruHt 


800 


50 


846 


21,275 


.010 




September 


1,820 


565 , 


1,068 


68, 546 


.040 




October 


1,820 


1 
670 


1.121 


68,919 
98, 772 


.040 




November 


1,800 


1.820 


1,576 


.060 




1902. 




March 16 to 81 







2,257 


71,627 


.079 




April 


8,440 


1,800 1 


2,448 


145,859 


.(m 


May 


9,900 


8,440 


5,450 


835,066 


.191 




June 


6,900 


2,950 1 


5, 189 


805, 790 


.180 




July 


6,100 


870 , 


2. 229 


187,089 


.078 




An^iHt 


870 


80 


102 


6, 271 


.004 




Septem))er 


1,800 


KM) 


481 


28. 620 


.017 ! 


Octol>er 


1,120 


670 


1,085 


68,()42 


. 0:^> 


November... 


1,560 


800 i 


1,104 


(r>, (W8 


.089 





NORTH PLATTE RIVER AT BRIDdEPORT, NEBR. 

This station was (established May 4, 1902, by R. H. Willis, 
located at the wnji^ou l)ridge, one-half niih* due north from Hridj^je 
Nebr. The gage is of the usual wire type, the scaleboard l)eing| 
uated to half-tentlis of feet. It is inelos(Ml in a wooden box seci 
fastencKl to the railing of the bridge. When the gage reads zen 
water is 9 feet below tho floor of the bridge at the gage. The ga 
read daily by Frank diun^hill, a schoolboy who lives one-half 
away. The discharge nieasurenuMits aw niad(» from the bridge 
the initial point for sounding is on th(* right bank at the south e; 
the west railing of the bri<lg(». Th<' channel widens both above 
below the station. The banks are low, but not liable to OA^ei 
The bed of tlie stream is sandy and shifting. The bench mark i 
top of the floor of the bridge at tlu^ gage. Its elevation is 
above the surface of the water when the gage reads zero. 



JKWKLL.] 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



65 



The following discharge measuremeuts were made by R. H. Willis 
:ind Frank Dobson in 1902: 

May 20: G«ge height, 6.00 feet; discharge, 5,414 second- feet. 
June 3: Gage height, 5.80 feet; discharge, 4,515 second-feet. 
June 10: G&ge height, 5.17 feet; discharge, 2,050 second-feet. 
June 14: Gage height, 5.9^7 feet; discharge, 5,433 second-feet. 
June 21: Gage height, 5.71 feet; discharge, 5,120 second-feet. 
July 19: Gage height, 5.00 feet; discharge, 787 second-feet. 
July 26: Gage height. 4.87 feet; discharge. 619 second-feet. 
August 8: 'Gage height, 4.68 feet; discharge, 190 secxmd-feet. 
August 2»: Gage height, 4.49 feet; discharge, 37 second-feet. 
September 22: Gage height, 5.08 feet; discharge, 634 second-feet. 

Daily gage height , in feet ^ of North Platte River at Bridgeport y Nehr, 



Day. 



1.. 
t.. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 

n. 

12. 
13. 
14. 
W. 

16.. 



19.. 
».. 

a.. 

28.. 

a.. 

24.. 
»-. 
26.. 
27.. 
28.. 
29.. 

a)-. 

31.. 



1908. 



May. June. July 



5.76 



80 



86 I 



5.41 

5.61 

5.79 

5.93 

6.04 

5.99 

6.10 

.5.93 

5.89 

5.90 

5.9SJ j 

5.92 

5.89 ! 

6.00 

6.04 

6.00 



Aug. 



5.W) 
5.56 
5.76 
5.40 
5.43 
5.32 
5.33 
5.35 
5.27 
5.16 
5.19 
5.10 
5.02 
5.04 
5.00 
5.20 



91 


6.00 


5.04 


99 


5.85 


5.01 


95 


5.82 


5.00 


(N) 


5.82 


4.89 


KM 


5.75 


4.86 


10 


5.68 


4.80 


04 


5.58 


4.75 


04 


5.48 


4.77 


96 


6.47 


4.86 


86 


5.28 


4.90 


65 


5.46 


4.94 


56 


5.60 


4.79 


41 


6.87 


4.76 


45 


5.85 


4.86 


41 




4.90 



4.85 
4.75 
4.80 
4.78 
4.80 
4.79 
4.80 



4.75 
4.72 
4.72 
4.70 
4.67 
5.05 
4.75 
4.68 
4.70 
4.65 
4.62 
4.61 
4.60 
4.59 
4.60 
4.62 
4.52 
4.52 
4.56 
4.60 



Sept. 



Oct. 



I 



4.50 
4.46 
4.45 
4.44 
4.40 
4.40 
4.40 
4.40 
4.48 
4.40 
4.40 
4.40 
4.40 
4.38 
4.41 
4.40 
4.40 
4.40 



4.46 



4.95 
4.P8 
4.78 
4.77 
4.95 
4.85 
4.82 
4.82 
4.79 , 



4.79 
4.75 
4.80 
4.80 
4.84 
4.82 
4.80 
4.82 
4.85 
4.86 
4.91 
4.95 
4.fl(» 
4.91 
4.94 
4.96 
4.92 
4.95 
4.91 
4.92 



Nov. 



5.08 
4.95 
4.98 
4.88 
4.96 
5.00 



4.94 
4.96 
4.96 
4.94 
4.95 
4.90 
4.91 
4.95 
4.94 
4.91 



oObBervations discontinued November 6 to December 31 uu occou it of ice. 

IKR 84—03 5 



5.00 



66 STREAM MEA8UEEMEJSTS IN 1902, PABT IH. [».lt 

Rating table for North Platte River at Bridgeport^ Nebr.,for 190J. 



Gago 
height. 


Discharge. 


h^t.>^^-^- 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 1 Second-feet. 


4.4 


10 


4.9 1 560 


4.5 


50 


5.0 790 


4.6 


110 


' 5.1 1,060 1 


4.7 


210 


' 5.2 1 1,380 ! 


4.8 


350 


5.3 1 1,710 1 

1 t 



he^l 


Discharge. 


Feet. 
5.4 
5.5 
5.6 


Second-feet. 
2,120 
2,610 
3,120 



5.7 

5,8 



3,660 
4,230 



0^;_ iDLscbar^ 



heigl 



Feet. 1 Secondfrft 

5.9 i 4,820 

6.0 I 5.450 

6.1 6,200 



Estiinated monthly discharge of the North Platte River at Bridgeport, Sebr. 
[Drainage area, 2:^190 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

May, 25 days. 

JuDe 

July 

August, 27 days . . . 
Septeral)er, 28 days 
October, J{() days. . 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Run-off. 



Maximum. 



6,200 
4,000 



Minimum. Mean. 



' Total in 
I ai'ire-feet. 



Second-feet 
»r8q 
nail 



Depth io 
,>er scjuare ^ ^.P,,. 



1,580 
290 



4,149 ! 


255,050 


0. 179 


0.2<»6 


4,267 1 


253,900 


.184' 


. 2^y* 


1,200 ! 


73,780 


.a52 1 


.(0^ 


244 


15.000 


.011 ; 


.01'^ 


102 1 


9, 640 


.007 


A\>^ 


550 ; 


;54.872 


.024 


.n->?^ 



NORTH PJ^ArrK KIVER AT MITCHELL, XEBR. 

This station was establislie'l by O. V. J*. Sloiil on June ;j, 11)01. It 
replaces the station at Gering, Nebr., which was discontinued, as the 
narrower channel at Mitchell seemed favorable to increased accuracr 
of gaj^ings, and, l)ein|L^ nearer IIkj Wyoming line, it serves better as a 
State-line gaging station. 

Tlie gage consists of a sash weigiit luing from a w-ire carrying an 
index reading on a horizontal rod nailed to tlie bridge rail. The /xm*o 
of the gage is 8 feet below tlie bridge floor at the gage. It is ah^ 
<>.73, 0.79, and 0.71) feet below the tops of the upstream ends of the 
b^idg(^ The observer is G. I). Aughinbaugh, a barber at MitchelU 
about one-half mile from the bridge. 

On April 4, \i)0'2, a temporary gage rod was set whose zero marl^ 
was 3.70 lower than the old rod of 1901. ()ji ^lay 3, 190l*, a new per- 
manent gage Avas put in whose z(»ro mark was 1.0 foot low^er than the 
old rod of 1001, in order to avoid negative gage heights. Ilenee, 
betw(^en April 4 and May 3, 11)02, 2.79 feet were subtracted from the 
gage heights reported by the obsei^ver. 'J'o make tlie gage heights 
reported during 1901 comparable with those of 1902, 1.0 foot must be 
added. 



ctrELL] PLATTE BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 67 

Discharge ineoisureiiwnts of North Platte River at Mitchell, Nebr, 



Date. 



April 4. 
May 3 . . 



1902. 



Hydro^rapher. 



May 28 . - do 



Frank Dobson . 
do 



June 12 - do 

Jnne 19 ' do 

June 27 _ J do 

Jidyie ! do 

Jxdy 24 I do . 

August 2 ' do 

August 19 ' do 

September 2 do ... . . 

■ Octo])er25_ R.H.Willis. 



h^^t. 


DiHchargiv 


Feet 


Sec-feet. 


1.56 


917 


3.22 


2,649 


2.48 


3,698 


3.15 


6,425 


3.00 


4,937 


2.42 


3;257 


1.58 


1,014 


1.30 


630 


1.05 


349 


.85 


102 


.82 


30 


.1)6 


363 



Daily gage height, infect, of Narth Platte Rix'^er at Mitchell, Nebr. 



Day. 



mtt. 



3 . 
4.. 

5.. 
6.. 

M.. 

9.. 
10.. 
11.. 
12.. 
W.. 
14. 
15. 
16.. 

i:.. 

IK.. 

1».. 



Apr. 



a).. 

21.. 

ti.. 
a.. 

24.. 
S.. 
».. 

2T-. 
28.. 
».. 
30.. 
31.. 



1.56 
1.56 
1.66 
1.31 
1.21 
1.31 
1.27 
1.27 
1.41 
1.51 
1.61 
1.71 
l.«l 
1.81 
1.81 

i,m 

1.86 
1.91 
1.86 
1.86 
2.26 
2.21 
2.41 
2.41 
2.51 
2.46 
2.36 



May. June. 



2.7» 
2.91 
3.06 
3.17 
3.25 
3.27 
3.06 
3.(16 
3.02 
3.17 
3.11 
3.16 
3.14 
3.14 
3.19 
3. 10 
3.05 
3.01 
3.03 
2.99 
2.94 
2.76 
2.64 
2.51 
2.32 
2.21 

2.r« 

2.20 
2.63 
2.39 



July. 



2.30 
2.66 
2.22 
2.06 
1.80 
1.91 
1.90 
1.91 
1.90 
1.85 
1.76 
1.69 
1.69 
1.76 
1.61 
1.60 
1.54 
1.46 
1.41 
1.38 
1.37 
1.37 

i.:« 

1.38 
1.28 
1.31 
1.29 
1.25 
1.46 
1.50 
1.31 



Aug. 



1.21 

1.2:3 

1.19 

1.13 

1.14 

1.14 

l.<)0 

1.03 

1.04 

1.00 

.98 

.96 

.90 

.93 

.90 

.87 

.86 

.85 

.85 

.85 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.84 

.83 

.83 

.83 



Sept. 



0.82 
.82 

.8:} 

.83 

.82 
.82 
.82 
.83 
.83 
.82 
.82 
.\^ 
.82 
.83 
.83 
.83 
.83 
.83 
.82 
.84 



.89 

.85 
.84 
.85 
.84 
.87 
.86 
.86 



Oct. ; Nov. 



.86 

.87 
.87 
.87 
.87 
.93 



.93 
.93 
.91 
.93 
.92 
.91 
.93 
.93 
.94 
.96 
.97 
.97 
.98 
.99 
.98 
.99 
1.00 
.99 
.97 



0.95 
.94 
.94 
.93 
.94 
1.08 
1.09 
1.08 
1.06 
1.11 
1.09 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.14 
1.10 
1.75 
1.15 
1.18 
1.17 
1.16 



"Obeervationa discontdnaed from January 1 to April 4 and from November *StU>"D«c«nit«r^ 
oa account of ice. 



68 STREAM MEASUBEMEKTS IN 1902, PART III. [val 

Rating table for North Platte River at Mitchell, Nebr.,for 190^.*^ 



heic^t. 


Feet. 


0.0 


.2 


.4 


.6 


.8 


• 1.0 



Discbargo. 



Second-feet. 

99 

235 

455 

720 

1,005 

1,310 . 



OaK 
height. 

Feet. 
1.2 
1.4 
1.6 
1.8 
2.0 
2.2 



I Discharge. 

I Sec<)nd'/eet. 
I,ft50 
2,020 
2,455 
2,910 
3,415 
3,980 



hefg^t. I>i-^rge.!| ^^ i Di-char«e. 



Feet. I Second-feet. 
2.4 4,595 



2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 



5,290 
6,100 
7,015 
7,940 

8,900 



Feet. 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 



Second-feet 
9,930 
11,022 I 
12,180 1 



oThia table was applied indirectly, according to the method outlined, p. 383, 19th An. U.l 
Geol. Surv., Pt. IV. 

Estimated monthly discharge of the North Platte River at Mitchell^ Nebr, 
[ Drainage area, 2i,H10 nquare miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

April 4 to 30 

May - 

June - 

July -.-- 

August 

September -. 

October, 24 days.. 
November 1 to 22. 



Discharge (Hecond-f eet) . 



Maximum. I Minimum. Mean. 



6,373 I 

6.877 I 

3,777 i 

559 ' 

124 



2,649 

2,934 j 

612, 

44 ■ 

30 I 



1,603 

4,346 

4,915 

1,308 

207 

69 

299 

563 



Total in 
acre-fee t. 



85.846 

267,200 

292. 420 

80, 420 

12,728 

4, 105 

14,233 

24,567 



I 



Run-off. 



Second-feet Depth iB 



0.066 
.178 
.201 
.054 
.008 
.003 
.012 
.023 



o.ow 

.305 
.2341 

.009 
.003 
.011 
.019 



NORTH PLATTE RIVER AT GUERNSEY, WYO. 

This station was establislied Jiiue U, ItK)0, by A. J. I^arsliall. Iti» ' 
located at the county bridge about a half mile northwest of Guemsev- 
The bridge has eight piei-s, the sides are planked, and there is uniform 
flow under each span. The rod consists of a 4-inch by 4-inch hx 
12-foot scantling firmly attached to one of the piers of tlie bridge. 
As the station was to be a temporary one, a metallic tape, divided 
into feet and tenths, was securely fastened to the rod. The l)6nch 
mark is a spike driven into a sleeper of the bridge 1 foot from the rod 
and at an elevation of 10.04 feet above the zero. The channel is 
straight for a distance above and below the station. Both banks are 
high and do not overflow at high stages. The bed of the stream is 
sandy, but probably does not shift much. 

It was found that considerable inconvenience was caused by sand 
accumulating about the rod as the high water subsided. With the 
opening of the season of 1902 a new rod was placed about 200 feet 



PLATTE RIVEK DRAINAGE BABTN. 



69 



the first location. It was fastened to one of the piers of the 
I bridge, and was placed 1 foot lower in the water, 
iurements are still nuule from the county bridge, which, while 
not furnish a i>erfo<*t loeation for measurements, is the best 
nd on the river in Wyoming. 



IHscharge viedsurementH of North Platte River at Guernsey, Wyo. 



Dat*^. 



1902. 



HydrcHfrapher. 



)er . 
9 . 



A.J.ParshalK 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 



Gacre 
heigbt. 


FfW. 


0.90 


.65 


1.50 


2.10 


3.80 


- .30 


.20 



Discharge. 



Sermul-feet. 

1,099 

748 

1,696 

3.025 

7,379 

173 

437 



IkiUy fjnge height, in feet, of North Platte River al Guernsey, Wyo. 



Day. 



1902. 



Apr. 



0.90 

.90 

.65 

.65 

.65 

.80 

.80 

.90 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.05 

1.25 

1.40 

l.GO 

1.60 

1.60 

1.50 

l.GO 

l.tiO 

1.60 

1.90 

2.00 

2.20 

2.20 

2.40 

2.20 

2.20 

2.20 

2.20 



May. I June. 



/ 



2.20 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2.60 
2.60 
2.80 
2.80 
2.80 
3.00 
3.00 
3.20. 
3.20 
3.20 
3.20 
4.10 
3.80 
4.00 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3. GO 
3.00 
2.80 
2.60 
2.(K) 
2.60 
3.00 
3.00 



3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
3.80 
3.80 
4.00 
4.00 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
2. GO 
2. GO 
2. GO 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



July. 



1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.80 
1.60 
1.20 
1.60 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
.80 
.SO 
.80 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 

.m 

.80 
.70 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
.80 
.80 



Aug. Sept. 



0.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 ! 
.40 
.40 I 
.40 ! 
.40 
.20 I 
.40 
.40 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.00 
.00 
.00 
.00 
.00 I 
.00 I 
.00 I 

.00 I 

.10 

- .10 1 

- .20 

I 
.20 

-.20 I 

- .20 

- .20 

- .20 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Dee. 



'\ 



-0.20 

- .20 

- .30 

- .80 

- .30 
-.251 
-.30: 

- .30 I 

- .30 
-.30 I 
-.30, 

- .20 ! 

- .20 

- .30 
.'20 

- .20 

.:» 

.30 
.30 
.20 
.20 
.30 
.30 

.:» 

.30 
.30 
.:» 
.30 
.30 
.20 



0.20 I 
.20 i 
.20 I 
.20 1 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.30 
.30 



0.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 

.:«) 

.30 
.30 
.30 
.:w 
.:» 

.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 



-V 



0.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.10 
.40 
.30 
.20 
.30 

.:« 

.<» 
.60 
.liO 
.60 
.60 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.75 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.80 
.80 
.80 



70 



8TREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Haiing tafjle for North Philte River nt Guernsci/^ Wi/o.^/or Uf02. 



l)so.|ti 



heiirhl. 



0.7 
.« 
.5 
.4 

- .2 

- .1 
.0 
.1 
.2 
.8 
.4 



Sffimd-/r* i. 
15 

r>o 

KiO 
175 
220 
270 
320 
375 
430 
490 
555 



iK-iRht. 



Fret. 

0.5 

.6 

. 7 
.8 
.9 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 
1.4 
1.5 
1.0 



liisclmivt'. Ij 

Sfct/nd-ftrt. ' 

025 

700 ' 

780 || 

870 ) 

970 I 

1,080 1 

1,200 i| 

1,330 ! 

1,470 i 

1,620 . 

1,780 ; 

1,950 I 



heiKhl. 



Fat. 
1.7 
1.8 
1.9 
2. 
2.1 
2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 
2.0 
2.7 
2.8 



-| 



l)i.'M'Iiargi'. I 

S*:ctmd-ff.ft. 
2, 135 
2, 3.^5 
2,550 
2,780 
3, 030 
3,280 
3, 530 

3, 780 
4, 030 
4,2a5 
4,540 

4, 795 



luMKlit. 



Frft. 
2.9 
3.0 
3.1 
3.2 
3. 3 
3.4 
3.5 
3.6 
3.7 
3,8. 
3.9 
4.0 



StcffHii-Jftt 
5,050 
.1,305 
5,560 
5,8-iO : 

6,a^) 

6,t>00 
6,860 
7,120 ; 
7,880 I 
7,640 j 
7,900 



Kuti mated imndhhj tUm-hanje t^f North Phdtc Hirer at (inmineij, ^Vyo. 
[Dminngc nrwi, ]G,2I3 wnmrf iiiiles.] 



Month. 



1902. 



April 

May 

June 

July 

Auj^UHt 

Septeinlu'r. 
OctolKjr ... 
November. 
I)ee«*iii]>er . 



Discharge in Heound-feet. 



Rnu-<»ff. 



Maximinn. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 

i 


Total in 
aere-feet. 


Se<'on«l-fetrt 

iK-T s«iuare 

mile. 


UeptJi in 
iiu"ht>- 


3, 780 


740 1 


1,S.S5 


111,949 


0. 12 


0. i:> 


8, KU) 


3,280 ' 


5, 55(> 


341,015 


..34 


:^ 


7, iHK) 


2, 780 I 


(), 131 


3(>4, 181 


.38 


.42 


2, 335 


780 , 


1,3m j 


80,061 


. .08 


.(^ 


625 


220 


400 1 


24, 552 


. 02 


SXl 


430 


175 1 


196 1 


ll.(>()2 


.01 


.01 


490 


430 ; 


4:-.. j 


2(), 750 


.03 


.O:^ 


555 


490 1 


51(3 1 


:{0, fK')0 


.03 


.o:^ 


870 


490 ' 


mw 


40, 6S9 


.(M 


A^^ 



LllTLK LAUAMIE UIYKR NKAK llAITON. WYO. 

This sbition wjis established in \W:1 by H. P. Flomino-. It is locutc**^ 
at ail old bridofo 'It) milos northwest of Laiuniii*, Wvo. The gajr^* is •* 
plain start' graduated to feet and tenths and secured to the bridt^e. I^ 
is read twiee daily by »J. M. May, a ranehnian, who lives about 7*^^ 
yards from th(v ^i^e. Th(» initial point for soundintrs is a nail drivoP 
in the bridjj^e strintjfer at the h^ft })ank. TIk^ ehanncd is stmitrht alxivtr 
the station and eurved Ixdow. The water is (juite swift. The right' 
bank is liable to overflow. The h^ft bank is hioh and rocky. Therr 
'^s an old channel at tlu* rjtjfht ot* tlu^ station in which there Is flow at 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



71 



jitor. The l)od of the .streaiii is rocky and very ronfrh. The 

murk is on :i r<K!k on the l(»ft })ank of the stream near the ^ajjfe. 

larked B. M. V, S. (f. S. Its elevation al)ove the zero of the 

as not Ihhmi determined. 

ncr 1902 th(» following discharge measurements were made h}^ 

!^"leming: 

ily 5: (iajje lieight, 1.05 feet; (liH<*harge, 159 pocond-feet. 
ii^ist 21 : (tji^o lieiglit, 0.47 foot; (lifwharge, .*W) 8e<^on<l-feet. 
<-tolK^r 14: (Jajre height, 0.68 foot; discharge, 51 WMvmd-feet. 

Ihillt/ {/injr hrltjht, infert, of LUtle Txiraniie Jim*r iwar Ilafto)!, W;fO. 



July. Au«. Sept. Oct. 



Nov. 



I>uy. 



July. 



Aug. 



Sept. 



Nov. 





0. m 

.♦•.0 


0.30 
.30 




.GO 


.30 




•'•0, 


.30 




..50 


.30 


1.00 


..10 ' 


.30 


l.tK) 


..v> i 


.20 


.90 


. oT) ' 


.20 


.90| 


..>5 


.20 


.yo : 


.40 


.30 


.so ; 


.45 


.30 


.so 


.55 


.30 


.So 


..'H) 


.30 


no 


.50 


.30 


.s.=> 


.r.5 


.30 


.s."» 


.45 i 


.30 



0.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.VA) 
.GO 
.GO 
.GO 
.GO 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.GO 



0. 55 
.55 
. 45 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.60 
A]0 
.60 
.55 
.50 
.45 
.45 
.55 
.50 



17. 
IS. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24.. 



1.00 

1.1.-. 

1.00 

.95 j 
.90 I 
.SO j 
.SO I 
.SO I 
.so I 



.so 


.:iO 


.80 


.30 


.75 


.30 


.&5 


.30 


.60 


.35 


.65 


.30 



0.30 


.30 


.30 


.30 


1.20 


1.25 


1.00 


.SO 


.W 


.SO 


.so 


.70 


.75 


.70 




GO 


0.5.-) 


(Jo' 


.GO 


60 ' 


.65 


60 1 


.(w> 


60 


.70 


Gol 


.6.5 


60, 


. (;> 


60 1 


.GO 


601 


.(tt 


60' 


.60 


60| 


..'V) 


60, 


..55 


60' 


.60 


GOl 


.60 



Rati tig table for Little Ixtramie River near lldUon^ ?r//o., J or 190 J. 





Sfcond-ft'tt. 


Frji. 


1 


2.5 1 


0.4 


2 


9.5 '1 


.5 


<\ 


16.5 ; 


.6 



I, 



SfCowi-ffCt. 

24. 5 
:^2. 5 
41.5 



Fat. 

0.7 

.8 
.9 



Srcoud-jtrt. 
54. 5 
72. 5 
96 



Fret. Sfcinut-frct. 

1.0 , 13,3 

1.1 J 188 

1.2 248 



hlKtiiHcUed itumthhi dvirharf/e of Litth' lAiramie River )u'fir Jfottonj n'//o. 





Month. 


Dischai 
, Maximum. 


"jfe in Hccon<l- 
Minimum. 


ft'Ot. 

Mciin. 


Total in acre- 
feet. 


31. 


1902. 




91 
27 
48 
46 


4, 695 






42 


16 
10 
42 
28 


1,660 


ber.... 




278 

54 


2,856 
2,828 


I)er 




54 


\ *i,'ifib 







72 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [so.u. 

SWEETWATER RIVER AT DEVILS (iATE, NEAR SPLITRCK^K, WVO. 

This station was established in October, 1902, by W. \V. Schleiht. 
It is located about one-fourth mile above Devils (jat<5 and is reached 
by a team from Rawlins or from Cas])er, Wyo. The ga^e is of the 
usual wire type, with the scale board graduated' to feet and tenths. It 
is lead twice dail}^ by Tom Sun, jr., a nincher who lives alK)ut 3(Hi 
3'ards from the gage. The gagings an* made temporarily from a foot 
bridge at Tom Sun's house. It is intended later to establish a cable 
at this point. 

One discharge measurement umdo hy W. W. Schlecht on Octol)er4, 
lt>02, gives gage height 4.02 feet; discharge, 14.5 second-feet. 

DaUy gage height^ infeet^ <>/ Swtrtuuttr River at Derifn (iate^ Wyo, 



Day. 



Oct. 



1901!. 

1 4.05 

2 4.00 

3 1 4.02 

4 ' 4.03 

5 4.03 

C 4.03 

7 4.02 

8 4.01 

9 4.02 

10 4.01 

11 i.W, 



Nov. Dec. 



4.20 
1.40 
4.40 
4.40 
1.40 
4.ri0 



Duy. 



Oct. Nov. Dec. 



12. 
13. 

14. 

I 15. 



i, 



4.08 
4.05 
4.10 



IG. 

I IT. 
4.40 '\ 18. 
4. 45 19. 
4.50 20. 
4.50 I 21. 
4.f)0 ' 22. 



•1.07 


4.11 


4.06 


4.11 


4.a5 


4.19 


4.04 


4.14 


4.03 


4.00 


4.0<» 


4.05 


4.07 


4.00 


4.05 


4.05 


4.04 


4.05 


4.09 


4.00 


4.09 


4.10 



Dec. 


Day. 

1 


Oct. 

4.09 
4.09 
4.10 


Nov. Dec. 


4.50 


' 23 


4 10 1 4.50 


4 50 


j 24 


4.05 4.55 


4 50 


I '26 


4.15 ' 4.60 


4 40 


' 26 


4.15 1 4.55 


4.40 


! 27 




1 
4.15 4.4S 


4.40 


28 




4.20 4.40 


4 40 


' 29 




4.20 4.5P* 


4 45 


1 30 




4.20 ' i.^ 


4.40 


*31 




. ...'■ 4.?* 


4.00 
4.rH) 






1 



SOUTH PLATTE RTVER AT BKJSPKINCJ, NEBR. 

This station was established September 5, 11K):>, by J. C. Stevens. 
It is locates! on the highway bridge one-fourth mile south of Bigspring* 
Nebr. The gage is of the usual wire type, graduated to feet and tenths, 
and )x)lted to the girder of the bridge. Jt is re^id daily b}^ Victor 
Root, a schoollK)y, who lives near l>y. The measurements are made 
from the bridge, and the initial point for soundings is on the upstreaiu 
side of the north end of the ])n(lge. There is a short l>end a]K)ve the 
station and Inflow the station th(» river is straight. The banks are not 
liable to overflow. The bed is sandy and shifting. The bench mark 
is a Unit(»d States Geological Survey bench mark (marked ''U. S. Geo- 
logical Surv(\v B. M. Elevation above sea, 8,87i) feet''), located about 
200 feet north of the Union Pacilic depot, on the west side of the street. 
Its elevation is 8,370 feet above sea level. The elevation of the floor of 
the bridge over the zero mark of the gage is 3,873.05 feet. When the 
gage reads zero the surface of the wat(^r is \K\ feet )>elow the floor of 
the bridge over zero mark on the rod and 3.3G4.S5 below bench mark 
described above. 



kELL.] 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



73 



[ iage heights were taken of the water surface when there was no 
rface flow by digging in the sand. 

Discharge mecwurements of South Platte River at Bigspring, Nebr. 



Date. 



1902. 

ptember 5 

ptember 23 



Hydro^rapher. 



J. C. Stevens. 
H. (). Smith . 



Qaffe 
height. 



Pert. 
1.00 
1.65 



Discharge 



Second-/^. 

173 



iMiHy gage height, infect, of South Platte River at Bigspring, Nebr, 



Day. 


Sept. 


Oct, 


Nor, 


Dajf. 


SepL. 


Oct, 


Not, 


Day. 


Sept. 


oci. 


Nor, 


i*saL 


LBD 
l.«0 
I W 

Lto 

i.m 

J. 60 
1.60 
1.50 
1.50 
U60 

l.ffi 


1.4A 

i.ao 

1.25 


12 


I.OO 
1.00 
l.OD 
1,10 
I.JO 
1.16 
1.30 
Facia 
2.00 


LS6 
1.35 

L3& 
1.2& 
1.^ 
L3S 

1,20 

l.so 


LS& 
U30 

i.ao 
].ao 

1.90 
1.30 
1.^ 

i.ao 

l.SS 
J. 30 
1*30 


IS 


i.ao 

2.40 

1.90 
l.«0 
1.80 


1.25 
U25 

L2a 

1.26 
1.25 


1 30 


( 




13 „.„ 


ai ,.. 


t.iso 


S... 


14 „„,, 


2S.,..,, 


LfW 


1 


Ifi 


ae 


I. as 


5.... 


LOO 
1.06 
1,W 
l.CO 
LCO 
l.flO 
1,00 


le. 


2? 


I U5 


& 


i 17,... 


28.**,. ..**.. 


LfW 


*.*..i.. .. + * 


m.. 


^ 


1.45 


1.... 


19............ 


eo..„.. 


(«> 


».„... , 


20..,....*,*.* 


%\ . 


n....... . . 


ai 








lU... 


aa... 









aObservatloiM were discontinued November 29. 



SOUTH PLATTE RIVER AT JULESBURG, COLO. 

This station was established April 2, 1902, by John E. Field, at the 
wagon bridge crossing the South Platte River, about 1 mile southeast 
of Julesburg, Colo., a station at the junction of the main line and 
Denver branch of the Union Pacific Railroad. As this is the last sta- 
tion on the South Platte River in Colorado, and is also below all irri- 
gation ditches in Colorado taking water from the South Platte, with 
the exception of one, it is of considerable importance for securing 
^ta relative to the flow of return waters as well as the natural flow in 
the main channel. However, the conditions at this station are not as 
lesirable as they should be, owing to the great width of the channel 
»«d the general instability of the bed of the stream, features chamc- 
€ri«tic of the whole course of the South Platte River through this 
»rt of the State. The channel at this point is about one-half mile 
n'de, and at low stages of the river it is badly broken up by islands, 
lusing the stream to flow in several different channels. The banks 
"6 low, but do not overflow. The bed of the river is dry during the 
•eater part of the year and is shifting and unstable, being com- 
bed entirely of sand and gravel. 



74 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART HI. 



[NO,H 



Mciisuroments aro usually made by wading, hut may be made from 
the wagon bridge at high-watiM- .stages. The observations are taken 
once daily by Uoyd rfeidvins, who liv(\s in ffulesburg. 'Vhv gag(» r«><l 
consists of a 2 hy 4 inch timber 7 feet long, spiked in a vertical {xj^i- 
tion to a piling on the downstream side of the l»ridg(», about 150 feet 
from the north end. No IhmicIi mark has been established, but the rod 
is securel}' spiked to the piling and any change in the }X)sition of tlie 
rod is hardly possible. The initial point for sounding is tlie left or 
north bank. 

Tlu» following discharge measurements wen* made* during lJ>o2 hv 
J. E. Field, S. G. Lees, and R. W. Ilawley: 

April 2: (Ja^e height, 1.30 feet; discharj^e, :VS seeoiul-fei^t. 
OctolxT 10: (Ja^e height, 1.58 fet't; (lincharj^e, 13.S .secoiid-foet. 
November S: (iage height, 1.15 feet: (Hscharge, 81 Hecond-ftvt. 

Daily g<njc heiglii, in/eft, of South Phtttf Rlnr at Jufexhunj, (bio. 






Dnj. 



Apr. 



May. I June 



. I 



July. 



1 


' 1.30 I 


2 


1.30 


3 


1 1.30 


4 


1.30 1 


5 


1 1 . 25 


G 


,.•...-. 




1.25 


8 


1.20 


y 


i.-iol 


10 


' l.*»j) i 


11 ].•_»() 1 


1'2 


i 1.20 1 


13 


1 
: 1.20 1 


1 
14 - ■ 1. 1:» . 


15 


1 ' 
1. 1(» 1 


16 


i.:u» 1 


17 


1 . :iu 


IS 


1.2.-.' 


19 


1.2t.' 


2() 


1.20 ! 


21 


l.j:> 1 


22 


l.:lO 1 


2:i 


1. 10 1 


21 


l.;io 1 


2") 


l.:i(» 


20 


1.2.") 


27 


1 . 20 


28 


1.20 


29 


1.20 


:K) 


1 . 20 


1 
31 



A UK'. ' Sept. 



1.20, 


1.20 


1.10 


0.75 1 


1.25 


1.10 ' 


1.10 


.75 1 


1.25' 


i.o.-> ' 


l..^.o 


.75 


l..r> 1 


i.a5 1 


1.25 


.80, 


1.20' 


1.05' 


1.15 


..SI) , 


1.20 


1.15! 


1.1.-. 


.so 


1.20 


1.15 


1.15 


.75 


1.1.-. 


1.1.-. 1 


l.(K> 


.75 


1.1:. 


l.(K) 


I.(K) 


.7.'. 


1.1.'> 


1.00 1 


I.IH) 


.75 


1.15 


1.00 ; 


.W 


.75 


l.:U) 


1.00 1 


.'M) 


.75 


1.2<» 


i.:i:. , 


.W 


. 7-5 ! 


1.20 


1.2.-., 


..M) 


.7.-. 


l.:iO 


1.25 , 


.SO 


.7.-> 


1.2:. 


1 . 20 


.su 


. 75 


1.20 


1 . 20 


.Ml 


.7.'. 


1.1:. 


1.10 


. M) 


. 70 


1.20 


1.10 


.."Ml 


. 70 


i.:io 


1.10 


.Ml 


.70 


1.20 


l.lo i 


. Ml 


.Ml 


1.1 ■> 


1.00 


.M) 


.Ml 


1.1.-. 


I. 00 


. M) 


. Ml 


I. 10 


. '.»5 


. Ml 


.Ml 


1.10 


. '.15 


. S.'» 


.Ml 


1.2.-. 


.'.H) 


. S.'i 


SO 


1 . 25 


I.IK) 


1 . 7.'. 


.Ml 


1 . 25 


1. 10 


1.0:1 


. Ml 


1.-20 


1.10 


. Ml 


.7.-. 


1.2.-. 


1. 10 


. Ml 


. 7-> 


1.2.-. . 




. 7-. 


. 7.'. 



1 . 20 
l.'K) ' 
L'.U) ' 
2.00 ' 
2.00 

2. 10 ' 
2.20 ' 

2.;;o] 
2. :)0 

2. :?o , 



2.30 
2.20 
'2.W I 

1.80 I 

1.7.-. , 

1.7.) , 
1.70 
1.70 I 

l.(M 

1..V, I 

i.:.o 

1.15, 
1. 10 , 
1.40 
■ .:v. I 
i.:io 1 

1.25 ; 
1.2(» 
1.20 1 
l.L»t) 
1 . 20 
1.25 

1.--.S 1 

1 . 25 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1 . 20 • 
1.15 
1.15 . 



Nov. T>er. 



1.15 1.10 

1.15 1.41) 

1.15 1.40 

1.15 , 1.55 

1.15 , 1.75 

1.1.^ l.W 

1.15 2. IK' 

1.15 2.2ii 

1.1.-. , 2.l-:i 

1.15 I 2..'i<i 

l.ir. 2. -TO 

1.15 2.-XJ 

1.1:. za^ 

1.20 2.(it» 

1.20 2.iV 

l.JO 2.«<< 

l.-JO 2.fX) 

1.20 2. 'HI 

1 . 20 2. 70 

I. -21) 

1.'20 2.7.". 

1.20 2. SI 

1.2tl 'ISi 

1.2t) "J-N' 

1.20 , 2.^.1 

1.2.-) 1") 

].;m) 

1.40 ' 

1.40 

1.10 I 



EWULL.] 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



75 



Rating tnhU for SinUh Platte River at Julenhnrg, Colo. ^ for 1902, 






Frrt. 

0. S 
. \\ 

l.O 

1. \ 
1.2 
1..S 



I)i?*<hHr;xe. 


tfHKO 

heij?ht. 


Secojni/(ft. 


»W. 


4 


1.4 


9 


1.5 


15 


^ 1.6 


23 


i 1-7 


.•iT) 


i l.S 


52 


1 1.9 



DiM-hnrKf. 



height. *»^»»«n.». I height. 



S4-(^>H(l-/t'(:t. 


Fed. 


75 


2.0 


ia5 


2.1 


144 


2. 2 


195 


2.3 


258 


2.4 


:m 


2.5 



Srcun(l-/ttt. 
407 
488 
573 
(J62 
755 

a52 



2.6 
2.7 

2.8 
2.9 



I 



Dist-harg*'. 
Secomi'/trt. 

953 
l,a58 
1,167 
1,280 



Eiftimateff innnthbj discharge of South Platte River at JuMmrg, Colo. 
[Drainage area, 20,598 square niilt^.] 



Month 



Total in acre- 
feet. 




Run-<»ff. 



Seeond-feet I ^ ^j^ j 
IKjrwjuare | jj^^jjei 



0.0022 j 


0.0025 


.0017 1 


. 0020 


.0014 1 


.0016 


.0010 1 


.0012 


.0001 


.0001 


.0074 , 


.0083 


.006,3 , 


.0073 


.0018 


.0020 


. 03()9 


. 0:J43 



MIDDLE CUOW ('KEEK NEAR HKCI.A, WYO. 

This station wiis ostahlishod March 24, 11)02, by A. J. Parshall. It 
s l<H*attHl 4 luilos northwest of Herla, Wyo., on a foothridgo. The 
faj^e is attaciied to the timlwr of the* bridge, and is graduated to hun- 
Iredths of a foot. It is read twice daily )>\' Hugh W. McCiee. The 
nitial |K>int for soundirg is on the left bank. The channel is straight 
ibov(^ the station and curved below. The right ]>ank is low and sub- 
ort to overflow. The left ])ank is high and does not ov(uilow. The 
;>ed of the stn^am is sandy. The bench mark is a notch cut in a tree 
) feet ejist of tht* gage. Its elevation is 4.1 feet above the z(»ro of the 
L^'age. 



76 



STREAM MEASTIREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [so 81 

Uixcliartje meiunirrmentj* of Middle Croir CVeek near IfeHOf ]Vtfo, 



Date. 



Hydrr»grapher. 



r 



1902. I 

March 24 ' A. J. Parshall. 

April 20 do 

May 7 <1() 

May 14 do 

May 20 do 

June 1 i do 



I <ia«e 
> height. 

' 0.80 
' 2.20 
2.40 
I 2.50 
I 2.20 

i.a5 



I 



Dwhuriee. 

Srruiid-irit 

3 

i; 

28 
31 



Dttily gage height, in feet, of Middle Crow (Wek near Heclct, Wyo. 



D&j. 



April. 



May. I JiiiK'. 



1. 

2. 

8. 

4. 

6. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
Ifi. 



0.80 I 
.HO 
.HO I 
.80 
.>0 I 
.80 j 
.IK) ' 



.an 



1.15 I 

i.2r» I 

1.40 j 

1.10 I 

i.;i^ i 

1.25 1 

1.0.-> I 



2.35 ' 
2.50 ' 
2.50 ' 
2.45 I 
2.35 ' 
2. 35 

2.:w 
2. ;m) I 

2. 3.-) 

2.40 

2.35 

2.27 I 

2.40 

2.40 

2.10 ' 



July. 



Day. 



I April. May. ! June. 



1.15 
1.05 

.90 

.HO 

.85 
.85 

.87' 
.82' 
.75 1 
.70 ' 
AA) ' 
.U) ! 

.w ' 

■H 

A\0 I 



0.73 I 
.73 
.r»5 ' 
.(iO 
.50 
.50 
.4K 
. 45 
.45 
.45 ' 
.48 
.43 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 



17 


1.00 


18 


1.36 


19 


1.75 


20 


2.10 


21 


! 2. 30 


22 


1 1.65 


23 . . .. 


' 1 25 


24 


1.35 


25 


1.40 


2*; 


1 40 


27. . 


1 .V) 


28 


1 85 


29 


l.yo 


:m) 


2 40 


31 





July. 



1.80 ' 


0.55 


0.40 


1.80 


.56 


.48 


2.05 


.65 


.68 


2.10 


.65 


.67 


1.70 ! 


.GO 


.6S 


1.67 1 


.55 


.50 


1.50 1 


.50 


J0 


1.43 1 


.45 


.45 


1.32 1 


.32 


.40 


i.a5 1 


.30 


.40 


l.fi2 ' 


.a-s 


.*.! 


1.70 1 


.70 


.45 


1.40 


1.12 


.40 


i.:?6, 


.90 


.35 


1.20 L 




3l» 



Rating t able fin- Middle <Votr ('ml: near Jfcr/a, WgtK, for JiiO-i. 



lu>ight. 



Ft,t. 

.0 

0.1 

.4 

. '^ 



l)iwliuixr. 

Strniul-ffft. 

0. 5 
1.0 
l.T) 
2.0 
2.5 

;j. 5 



hi'iKht. 



Ff,t. 
0.7 
.8 
.9 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 



\i\sr\mriiv 



Simwl/nt. 

4.5 



9.0 
10.5 
12.0 



j,;:;;j5;;. | i.iMhnn.o. 



1.4 
1.5 ' 
l.<> I 
1.7 
l.s ' 
1.9 I 
2. 



(iage 
hfijfht. 



Srrtnifl-Ott. ' 
l:{.5 li 

15.0 I 

1().5 I 

IS.O I! 

II 

H..5 II 

L>l.() l| 

.'.'.5 !! 



Fnt. 

2.1 
2.2 
2. :{ 
2.4 
2.5 
2.0 
'2 7 



l>ls<huTX«' 

24.0 
25. r> 
27.0 
28.5 

,mo 
m.i) 
a3.o 



ruLul PLATTE BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 

Kstiiwfted itwnthly discharge of Middle (.yt)iv Greek iwnr HecUij Wyo. 



77 



Month. 


DischarKe in aecond-feet. 


Total in acr^ 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


feet. 


1902. 
:>ril 


28.5 

mo 

9.8 
4.8 


5.5 

10.5 

1.5 

1.5 


12.6 

22.4 

4.4 

2.6 


750 


av - 


1,375 


me 


263 


ilv 


161 







SOUTH PLATTE RIVER AT KER8EY, COLO. 

This station was eHtablished April 27, 1901, at Kersey, a station on 
the Union Pacific Railroad, about 6 miles east of Greeley, at a bridge 
U wiles north of the railroad station itself. This station was intended 
to take the place of the one previously maintained at Orchard, Colo. 
Tliis point was selected on account of the regularity of the channel 
and the fact that there was a wagon bridge crossing the river from 
which agings could be made at high water. It is of particular v^alue 
owing to the fact that the point is just below all the important tribu- 
taries of the South Platte, which derive their supply from the mount- 
ain region. It is also at about the point where water could be used to 
the be,st advantage for storage in reservoirs along South Platte River 
in northeastern Colorado. The observer is Edward K. Plumb, who 
hve,s near the bridge and reads the rod daily. The gage rod consists 
of a vertical 2 by 6 inch timber, 8 feet long, marked in feet and tenths 
and spiked to the downstream side of the third pile of the ])ridge from 
it« south end. The initial point for soundings is the right bank, down- 
'^treani side, the bridge being marked ever}'^ 10 feet. The right bank 
Js high and not liable to overflow, but the left is low and water 
i^preads over a considerable distance at high stages. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 1902 by 
J. K. Field and R. W. Hawley: 

January 3: Gage height, 2.65 feet; discharge, 6.S4 second-feet. 
February 28: Gage height, 2.70 feet; discharge, 700 second- feet. 
April 2: Grage height, 1.85 feet; discharge, 328 8e<'ond-feet. 
August 15: Gage height, 1.30 feet; discharjjje, 62 second-feet. 
November 2: Gage height, 1.65 feet; discharge, 188 second-feet 



78 



8TBEAM MEASUBEHEKTS IN 1902, PART HI. 



[IC0.81. 



Daily gage heigJU, in feetf of SoiUh PinUr. River at Kerseij, Ojfo. 



l>iir- 



7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
16. 
16. 
17. 
18. 



20. 

21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25- 
*). 
27. 



vaoiL 



4 

6 



2JS 

29 

30 

31 



jwn, Feb. 



I 



2.^ 

%^ 

2.7& 
2>7S 

a. 70 

2,70 
%S& 
2.U 

2.m 
xeo 

2. so 
S.60 

%m 

1.60 
2.50 

a.dO 
%m 

2. Oft 

3. so 

3.50 
a. 50 
3.m) 
S1.50 



a.iio 

1. 10 

t.m 

3.30 
2LdO 

a.iw 

2.05 
2L4i0 
2.00 
2.60 
" 2.70 
2.75 
a:. 90 
2. SO 
2.|i0 

%m 

2. SO 
2. SO 

2. SO 
2.80 

%m 
a-7B 

2.76 
2.70 
2.70 
2,70 



Mjlt, Apr. Ma J, 



I 



2.70 
2.6S 
2,0.^ 
2. OTi , 

2,(10 I 
2. CO , 

2. no 

xoo ' 

2.50 

^m 

2.40 
2.30 
XSW 
2.2f> 
2.25 

2.30 
2.1J5 
2J0 
2.00 
2.00 

2,W 
I "i.lKJ 

JJ.N> 
J. Oft 



I.Hi 

].Kr> j 
i.«* I 
l.»r* 

l.Ki ' 

1.75 I 
1.7 A 
1.(10 ' 

l.fiO : 



1.10 
l.]0 
1.10 
l.M 
1.7fi 
1.50 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 



1,10 
MO 
1.10 
LIO 
IhIO 
1.10 
L 10 
MU 



1,40 
1.40 

].4<> 
1.40 
l.«> 
1.4.1 
l.-Hi 
l.Tjt) 
1.(iO 



Jtino. 



Jtily, Au#. 



l.ftO I 1.30 
1.45 1.30 
1. 10 I i.m 

l.Xi I 1.30 
I.Jfi I l.J*0 
L^> 1.30 

i.jA I t.:io 

1.20 I ^30 

1.30 ' 1.4fl 

l,'^ I 1.40 

1.10 I 1.40 



1.00 
l.liO 
LTiO 
I.iO 
1 40 
■ *0 
1.40 

4{J 

40 

40 

40 

l.iO 
L4D 

l.^tO 

t.»0 
l.UO I 
l.W i 
1.30 
I.^Hi ! 

i.m.' 

L:ur I 

tSTi ' 

1. :v'> 

L:ti 

I 

X.75 



1.50 I 

1.40 
L40 I 
1.40 I 
l.^iO 
l.W I 

um '' 

l.tiO 
1.60 
MO 
1.40 

LMl> 
l.iW 

).;io 

1.30 
l.lHt 

K»0 
l.SW) 

I. mi 
l;io 



I 



l.»0 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
l.:iO 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
U:W 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
l.SO 
L30 
1.30 
l.JKl 
L30 
1.50 
].10 
1.40 
I. 10 
1.10 
1.40 
l.jo 



Sept. (H't. I .\()v. Ik-.. 



1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
40 
HO 
40 
4,1*0 
4.00 
3.110 
2.40 
2.00 
2.00 
2. 20 
2.10 
2.00 



I 



r 



2.00 
2.00 
2. 00 
2.00 
2.00 
2. 00 
2.00 
1.9.'» 
1.95 
1.95 
l.'.WS 
1.95 
1.90 
l.SO 
1.75 
1.75 
1.65 
1.00 
l.fiO 
1.60 
1. To 
l.a5 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.75 



l.T") 
l.^^» 

1..S1 I 
l.H) 

l.W 
l.«0 

l.w I 

l.SO I 
1.80 1 
l.W ' 
1.^^0 I 
1.80 
1.80 ' 
1.80 I 
1.90 : 
2.00 

2.40 ! 
2.40 I 
2. 3=i 
2.30 
2. 80 
2.») 
2..'i0 ! 
•J. :jo 
2. 'M^ 
2. ;50 



■j.:» 
■J.:50 

136 

2.30 

2.35 

130 

2.38 

2.36 

•139 I 

2.3B ■ 

2.S) 

2.35 

2.40 

145 

150 

150 

150 

150 

IfiO 

2.«)0 

lA") 



2. 10 



Ratbi4j tohlcfor South Phittc R'nrr nt Kcrsfij, <'(f/<)../nr 190^. 



DischarKc. hHg?lL ' I^''^^'1'»''k.- 




StTond-Jni. 
2 

4 

8 

14 



/•>>/. 1 S<Ciriui-ftit. 

1.4 I 105 



1.8 
2.0 



59 f 2. 4 



170 !' 

243 \ 

.'^25 ' 
42.". 



(ia^r 
l)ciKlit. 

2. (; 

2.8 
X 

:j. 2 

3.4 



527 1 1 3.<> 



I)i<cliurj::i'. 



I (JuKr 



S^rond-0'f. I 

().S7 I 
770 I 

1,139 I 
1, 3S() 

1, im I 



hoierht. 

3. 8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 



I 



DisclmiX'O. 

SfTOlifl-JOf. 

l,iH>5 

2, 2(U 
2, 557 
2, 853 



I 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



79 



E9iimat*:d mmtthhi dwrhnrtjc <*/ South Plallt' Rim- at Kertft'if^ ( olo. 
[DraiiJHKe nreH,9.l70 Hiinnn- miles.] 



1 



DisclmrKf in srcoml-fiH't. 



Knii-<»fT. 



Month. 



1902. 



Maxiniuni. Mininiinn. 






Ut. 



IHT. 
XT . 



'ht' vi*ar . 



2,tm 



Moan. 



I Total inarre- 

ivvl. I Sfcond-fcft 

i JKT Mnuart' I 
I luilc. 



Depth in 
inches 



i,r)24 : 


580 


8.'^] 


51,404 


0.0H88 1 


0. 101 


1,524 


m: 


8(>2 


47, 87.S 


. imo 


.095 


7(H) 


282 


48r> 


2<), m\ 


.OoKJ ' 


. 059 


2()2 


42 


122 


7, 259 


.0129 


.014 


224 


42 


1M> 


5, m:i 


.0111 


.013 


1,891 


80 


158 


9, 402 


.0107 


.019 


580 , 


80 


124 


7, 024 


.oi:n 


.015 


105 ; 


80 


85 


5, 220 


.0090 


.010 


2,(«1 


80 


:ii;:{ 


21, (HH) 


. o;{8;5 


. 043 


:^25 


170 


249 


15,310 


. 020:5 


. 030 


527 


224 


;;:u 


19, 874 


. o:>5:5 


. 039 


m7 


475 


5:{2 


:i2, 711 


. 0502 


. 065 



42 



354 254, (X)9 



. 0375 



. 503 



BIG THOMPSON CKEKK NKAll ARKINS, COLO. 

^ strt»ani drains the couiitrv iininodiati^ly noilh of that draiiuid 
' headwaters of St. Vniiii Creek, and is one of the lar<,a»st trihu- 

of South Platte River, into \vhich«it empties al)out 4 miles 

the town of Evans. Little Thompson Creek is an important 
irv of \V\g Thompson Creek, and the eountry drained In- these 
reams makes up irrigjition district No. 4. The junction of these 

is near the lower end of the district, a short distance above the 
where their combined waters entcM- the South Platte. 
>rds of the How of thissti'eam wen* ))ef^un in April, ISSS. The 
I was estal)lished at its prestMit location on April 1, iSiK). The 
iversion above the ^agincr station is Handy ditch, a record of 
^c heights of which is kept by the water commissioner of that 
t, »l. M. Wolaver, who also kept the records of Big Thompson 

at this point during the year VMH). It is ncH-essary to include 
^charge of Handy ditch in order to o))tain the total run-otf of the 
The rod is a vertical 2-inch by 4-inch timber fastened to 
wnstream side of the right-hand vnd of the wagon i)i'idgeon the 
of John Cliasteen. The l)ench mark is 25 feet south of the 
iind is a nail in the root of a cottonwood stump, the head of 
il being i>.35 f(»et al)ove the zero of the gage. The channel of 
ream is lined with bowkhus and is very rough, but, wot ^,^\w% 



80 



STBEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PA^ HI. 



two. 



likely to change, it furnishes a good point for obtaining accura 
measurements. A permanent station could be located here to adva 
tage. Like the other tributaries of the South Platte, nearly all of t 
normal flow of Big Thompson and Little Thompson creeks is used f 
irrigation, and during the high-water stages the greater part of t 
volume is diverted into large reservoirs, from which it is used 
advantage later in the season. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 1902 
J. E. Field and M. C. Hinderlider: 

August 30: C4age height, 0.75 feet; 86 second-feet. 
November 14: Gage height, 0.42 feet; 28 second-feet. 

Daily gage heighly infeety of Big Tliompsoii (Yeek near Arkins^ Colo.<^ 



Day. 


May. 


1 


1902. 




2 




3 




4 i 


5 


6 


1 
7 


8 


9 


10 


11 . .... . 


12 


13 


14 - - 


15 . ... 


• 




16 


17 


1 

18 


19 


20 ' 


21 


22 


23 


24 - - . - 


25 




0. 00 


26 




1.20 


27 




1 50 


28 




2.00 


29 




l.tJO 


30 




2.00 


31 




2.10 



2.10 

2.00 

1.80 

2.00 

2.20 

2.00 

2.00 

2.20 

2.20 

2.30 

2.20 

2.00 

1.90 

1.90 

2.00 

1.90 

1.80 

1.70 

l.r.0 

1.60 

1.60 

1.60 

1.50 ' 

1.60 I 

1.60 j 

1.60 

1.50 ; 

1.60 i 

1.70 

1..50' 



Aug. 



1.40 
1.20 
1.30 
1.30 
1.20 
1.10 
1.00 
1.00 

.90 
1.00 
1.00 I 
1.00 : 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 I 
1.00 I 
1.60 
1.40 I 
1.10 I 
1.00 I 
1.00 , 
1.00 \ 
1.00 j 

.90 
1.00 ' 

.90 

.80 

.80 

.80 

.80 



0.80 
.80 
.80 
.90 
.90 



Sept. 



0.60 
.60 



.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 

..T(» 

1.00 
1.20 
1.10 
.90 
.80 
1.10 
1.00 
.90 
.90 
.80 



a To secure total discharge of Big Thompson Creek in figuring run-off, etc., add number of sec 
feet flowing in Handy Ditch for corresponding dates. 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 

ating tahiefor Big Tfiom})son Creek near Arkimf^ (V;/</., for 190.*. 



81 



1 

DiHcharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Dwcharge. 


Gage 
height. 


second-feet. 


Feet. 


Scantd/eet. \ 


Feet. 


1 


0.8 


96 ' 


1.4 


12 


.9 


118 


1.5 


26 


1.0 


143 


1.6 


41 


1.1 


172 


1.7 


58 


1.2 


203 


1.8 


76 


1.3 


236 


1.9 



Ifischarge. 



Seevnd-feet. 

271 
310 
350 
393 
439 
486 



height, i J^i*^»»»nce. 



Feet. , }>(Ortid-/eii. 
2. 539 



2.1 
2. 2 
2.3 



593 
650 
710 



Kiied moiUhly dimhwge of Big Thompson C^eek near Ark ins j Colo.^ 
[Drainage area, SO.'S s<iuare iniie«.] 



Discharge in Mccond-feet. 



Maximum. 



35 
659 
773 
385 
130 
238 
198 



Minimum. Mean. 



20 


29 


80 


299 


310 


505 


108 


182 


67 


W 


34 


89 


46 


98 





Run-4 


►ff. 


Total in aere- 
feet. 


Second-feet 

per Miuare 

mile. 


Depth in 
inchcH. 


1, 726 


0.10 


0.11 


18,385 


.98 


1.13 


;w,050 


1.66 


1.85 


11,191 


.60 


.69 


5,5:^ 


.:30 


.35 


5, 296 


.29 


.32 


6, 02(i 


.32 


.37 



nThe dlBcharge of Handy Ditch is included. 



ST. VRAIN CREEK AT LYONS, COLO. 



n of Lyons is situated between the north and south forks 
in Creek, the forks uniting at a point about 1 mile east of the 
he town. Records of the flow of the creek at or near L3^ons 

kept since April, 1888, except during the years 18^)3 and 
the station was not put in its present condition until May 5, 
5 w^hich date records have been kept throufjhout each irri- 
^on. The present station is located one-half mile southeast 

Colo., below the junction of the north and south forks of 
Creek. The supply ditch takes water out on the loft side 
eam above the gage. To obtiiin the total run-off of the 
lasin of the creek at this station, the amount of water in the 
'j be added to the discharge of the creek. The gage is an 

by 4 inch timber, graduated to vertical tenths of a foot, 

8-1^-03 6 



82 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PABT III. 



[mlN. 



the space between the marks )>eing 0.184 of a foot. It is fastened to 
posts driven into the ground. The right liank of the stream is lot 
and liable to overflow. The left bank is a railroad embankment and 
is not liable to overflow. Measurements are usually made by wading, 
but at high water the}' can be made from a wagon bridge 400 feet 
below the gage. The bench mark is a spike driven into the root of i 
large cotton wood tree, 150 feet north of the gage rod. The head of 
the spike is 6.51 feet above gage datum. The observer during 19(!2 
was L. H. Dickson, commissioner of the St. Vrain water district, 
who read the gage during the irrigation season. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
J. E. Field and M. C. Hinderlider: 

July 28: Gage height, 2.50 feet; dischnrge, 91 seeond-feet. 
August 30: Gage height, 2.05 feet; discharge, 31 second-feet. 
November 8: Gage height, 2.08 feet; discharge, 40 second-feet. 

Ikiily gage height ^ in feet j of St. Vmin Creek at Lgotufy Colo. 



12. 
13. 



16. 

If). 

17. 



Day. 



Apr. Mny. i June. 



.60 ' 
,60 I 

,70 

,82 
,S0 
,So 
,90 
,00 
10 
,00 

,.so 
,so 

,85 
,90 
,H0 
,H.') 

95 
,00 

10 

1.') 



22 


-J 10 


23 


2.0.'> 


24 


2. 07 


25 


J or, 


26 


2 07 


27 


J. O'l 


US 


. . .. 2 15 


L>y 




30 


.) .,.' 


31 





:.35 

i.-IO I 

!.50 

l.'iO 

..fto 

:.55 

:. 5s 
:.7o 
:. so 

1.90 

10 

•20 

20 

2.5 

35 

22 

IS 

10 
.90 
:. S.5 
.70 
:.»50 



3.35 
3.15 
3.10 
3.2S 
3.32 
3.;» I 
3. a') 
3. 15 
3. .V» 
3. 15 
3. :l*) 

3.a-> 

X .30 

:^.:i(» 
3. :is 
:i.i5 

3 22 1 
3. 15 
3. 20 
3. 2l> 
2. 95 
2. 95 
2. '.»2 
2. 9s 



July. 


Aug. 


2.r2 


2.82 


2.70 


2.80 


2.75 1 


2.45 



2. 67 
2.70 
2. (X) 

2. 50 
2. J5 

2. 51 
2. 5S 
2. .5«> 
2. 51 
2. 17 
2. .50 

2. .5:^ 
2. :a 

2. 64 
2. SO 
2. HO 
2. (".0 

2. r.0 
2. IS 
2. 13 
2. IS 
2. .50 



2.50 I 
2.42 I 
2.45 ; 

2.:» 

2.:i.5l 

2.25 ' 
2.20 
2. IS 
2. IS 
2. IS 
2. 20 
2.20 
2. 20 
2.30 
2. 20 
2. 15 
2. 12 
2. 10 
2. 10 ' 
2. 15 
2. IS ' 
2. IS j 
2. OS 
2. IS I 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2.05 I 



Sept. 



2.18 
•2.10 
2.10 
2. 10 
2.05 i 
2.02 
2.00 I 
2.00 I 
2.00 
2. (JO j 
2.00 ' 
2.a3 ' 
2.00 I 
2.00 I 

'•*■■ i 

1.95 
1.95 
1.95 

i.i»5 ; 
i.a5l 

2.30 
3.00 
2.95 
2.55 ': 
2. .55 
2.60 I 
2.40 I 
2,40 
2.55 I 
2.50 ' 



(H-t. j Not. 



2.45 1 
2.50 
2.50 I 
2. 50 
2.50 
2. .v. 
2. 40 ' 
2. 35 
2. 30 I 
2. M \ 
2. 40 

2.:v> 
2.:i0 '. 



-itf 
2.(8 
2.08 
iOJ 
2.(B 
i(B 



2.20 

2. 15 

2. ll> 
2.-J0l 
2.20 i 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. OS 
2.0'> 
2. 05 



-.WELL.] 



PLATTE BIVEE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



83 



IkiUtj ijmje hvKjhty iitfi'ttf of Supphj ditch (U Ltj(mH, (Wo." 



Day. 



Apr. . May. 



1902. 


21 


<) 


•M 


3. . 


.23 
.25 


1 


5 


6... 


.25 


^ 


-r. 


8 


.25 


9.. . . .. 


•25 


10 


„ 


11 


or, 


12.. 


25 


13.... .. . 


•25 


11 


•-. 


\^.. 


•.. 


16... 


•»5 


17.... 


•25 


I^ 


.25 


19.... 




a).... 


•25 


21 


>. 






23 


.•25 
.'25 
.25 

.25 
.25 

.25 


24 


'£.. 


«... 


'.'7.. 


2x.. 


3... 


3». 


n.. 







y. 


June. 


July. 


A UK'. 1 


.<^.pt. 


(Ml. 


N<>v. 


•25 


l.W 


0. tk5 


0. .Y> 


0. •2.5 


0. 40 


0.10 


•25 


1.35 


.fiO 


.25 


.25 


.10 


.40 


•25 


.92 


.«5 


.•25 ' 


.25 


.iO 


.40 


25 


.rio 


.70 


.25 ; 


•25 


..V) 1 


.25 


•2.5 


.(W 


.'25 


.•2;5 


.•25 


..V) 


.25 


•2.5 


.72 


.25 


.25 , 


.•25 


..-lO 


.25 


2!d 


.70 


.25 


.25 ; 


.'20 


..'lO 


.25 


•20 


.75 


.25 


.•25 


.'20 


.10 


.2.5 


•r> 


.So 


.'25 


.:{5 ' 


.'20 


.lol 


.25 


•25 


.K.5 


.25 


.45 


.•20 


. 10 


.25 


15 


.70 


.38 


. 45 


.25 


.10 


.25 


15 


..55 


. IS 


.45 


."25 


. 10 


.25 


70 


..TO 


. 15 


• tr,' 


.25 


. 10 


.2;) 


70 


..-10 


.15 


.;{5 


.•••^•^' 


.10 


.2.-) 


so 


..V2 


.'2.5 


.•2.5 


.'25 


.40 


.25 


SO 


.SO 


.25 


.'2.5 


.'2.5 


. iO 


.2.5 


.SO 


.75 


.25 


.25 


. •2.-» 


. 10 


.2.5 


SI) 


.75 


.'25 


.•25 1 


.2.5 


. 10 


.25 


•so 


. 7.5 


. 2^) 


.'2.5 


. -25 


. 10 


.25 


:n) 


.70 




. 'i'* 


.'2') 


. 10 , . 




'*) 


.70 




.'25 1 


.•25 


. 10 . 




.'»o 


.70 


.•10 


. •2.5 


. 25 


.."•0 . 




15 


. .55 


.10 


.'2.5 


.CO 


.'20 . 




15 


..50 


.10 


.•2-> 


.('•0 


.•20 . 




45 


..'>0 


.25 


.'2;5 


..-.0 


. l'» 1- 




•20 


..-)0 


.•25 


.10 ' 


. 10 


. 10 . 




CAi 


.10 


. ^25 


. 15 


. 10 


.1..'. 




hO 


•:w 


. 10 


. 10 


. 10 


.10 . 




■SO 


.'2.5 


. .55 


. 10 


. 10 


. 10 . 




SO 


.25 


.(is 


.40 


.10 


. :o . 




•20 




..'.<i 


. 15 




. 10 . 





'■T!ir daily tlow i»f Supply dltrh to Ik' h<Mi'<1 U> .St. Vrain Cn-rk at j;>i*;i»>i^' station t«» K'ivr total «lij*- 
<har>ji. „f St. Vniiii ('n»ek uhimI in working up run-olT. etc. 

Ik'tt'mij tattle fnr St. Vralu Onk at Li/ou/<, ("oht., for UK)*. 



hnjfht. 


DiH'harjff. 


»rf. 


Srcond-Jtil. 


1.1 


1 


1.2 


•> 


1.3 


.{ 


1.4 


4 


1 *• 


i\ : 


1.7 


'' 



he 



'Si, I '"-"•'■v.' I ■''"'^'- 



lU'lKllt. 



l.H 
\.\) 
2.0 
2. 1 
2. 2 
2. :j 
2.4 



Sironii-Jiit. 

;:« 

:ii , 

4S ; 

ol» |! 
71 



2. <) 
2.7 

2. S 
2. '.» 

:;. () 
:;. 1 



l)i.««'liarK«'. 
Stnniil-fifl. 

\n 
i(n» 
i;;() 
\^^'^ 

LSI) 
211 
24.') 



heiKllt. 



:).2 
:\. 4 
:;. ti 
:\. s 



DlM-harKe. | 

>V roinl/tf t. I 

;J21 ' 

4i:; 

4<):; , 

.■)14 I 



84 



STREAM MRA8UBEMENTS IN 19Q2, PART lU. 



[in. 81 



Estimated mnutlUy digckarye of St, Vrain Creek at Lyons^ Colo.^ 
[Drainage area, 209 Miuare mileH.] 





Discharge in («ceond- 


Month. 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


1902. 
April 


57 
500 
485 
167 

95 


12 
70 


May 


*MM.^J ............... 

June 


152 


July 


69 
43 


v%Mm.j ............... 

August 


September 


329 31 
107 42 


October .* 


November 1-19 




1 



Mean. 



215 

312 

112 

59 

74 



84 





Run-off. 


Total in 
aere-feet. 


8ccond-feet 


Depth i 
inche* 


2,023 


0.16 


a 


13,220 


1.03 


1 


18,565 


1.49 


1 


6,887 


.54 




3,628 


.28 




4,403 


.35 




4,243 


.33 




3,165 


.40 





"This includes the flow of the HUpply ditch. 



CLEAR (^REEK AT FORK8CREEK, CX)LO. 

The gaging .station is located at the ForkHcreek railroad station ( 
the Colorado and Southern Railway, in Clear Creek canyon, justbelo 
the junction of the North and South Forks of Clear Creek. It wi 
established May 21>, ISin), and htis been continued through the irrig; 
tion seasons of l8iM), IIMH), IJMH, and VM)± The gage consists of 
weight f listened to a wire running owv a pulley fastened to the wa 
at the railway station. Bench mark No. L is a point on the tinilx'rt 
which the pulley is attached, and is 13.58 f(»et above gage datun 
Bench mark No. 2 is a gmnite point 41^5 feet east of the first bene 
mark, and is 15.4r» feet above gage datum. In May, 1902, a trussed fo< 
bridge 48 feet long was placed across the creek at right angles to tl 
direction of the current just Inflow the railway bridge and about 3< 
feet below the forks of the creek. This bridge is located over t^ 
most desiral)le cross section of the stream, and where satisfacto 
measurements can bi* made. It is possible to secure fairly good resu 
])y means of measurements made at two )>ridges above the forks, 
low water the stn»am is gaged l)y wmling. The stream flows rapic 
through this part of the canyon, the channel ))eing rocky and the f 
great. Both banks are high and rocky. The o})s(»rver is C. A.Jon 

The following discharge measurements were made during 1902 
S. G. Lees and M. C. Hinderlider: 

Jime 14: Gajf<» height, 2.W feet; diHcharjre, 655 stvond-ftH't. 
SeptenilKT 10: (iage lieight, 1.50 feet; diseharj^', (K) Kecond-feet 
Septcinl)er 20: i\Bifiy height, l.(>0 feet; discharge, 55 weoiid-ftH^t. 
October 15: Gage height, 1.80 feet; disi^harge, 82 ai*coiid-feet. 



TLATTE BIVEB DRAINAGE KASIN. 
Daily gage height , infeety of Clear Creek at Fitrkt^rreek, (hl^. 



85 



Day. 



1902. 



Apr. I May. June. . July. 



1.65 
1.65 
1.65 
1.75 
1.70 
1.75 
l.«0 



1.00 
1.70 
1.75 
2.a5 



2.10 


3.05 


2.60 


2.20 


2.95 


2.60 


2.40 


2.96 


2.56 


2.40 


2.96 


2.50 


2.90 


3.00 


2.60 


2.55 


3.00 


2.45 


2.60 


3.00 


2.40 


2.65 


3.05 


2.30 


2.65 


.3. 15 


2.30 


2.70 


8.15 


2.30 


2. 75 


3.30 


2. -25 


2.75 


3.05 


2.30 


2.70 


2.95 


2.20 


2.77 


2.96 


2.15 


2. SO 


2.96 


2. 15 


2.90 


2.90 


2.35 


2.90 


2.85 


2.40 


2.70 


2.78 


2.40 


2.75 


2.75 


2.30 


2.<V> 


2.75 


2.30 


2.70 


2.75 


2.20 


2.55 


2.70 


2.10 


2.55 


2.70 


2.10 


2.40 


2.65 


2.10 


2.55 


2.65 


2.10 


2.70 


2.60 


2.10 


2.95 


2.70 


2.10 


2.75 


2. 75 


2.05 


2. HO 


2.75 


2.00 


2.80 


2.60 


2.00 


2.90 





2.00 



I 



Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct 


1.90 


1.60 


1.80 


1.90 


1.70 


1.80 


1.90 


1.70 


1.80 


1.90 


1.60 


1.80 


1.90 


1.60 


1.75 


1.90 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.50 


1.70 


1.80 


1.50 


1.70 


1.85 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.55 


1.70 


1.90 


1.60 


1.70 


1.'90 


1.60 


1.60 


1.90 


1.65 


1.70 


1.80 


1.66 


1.70 


1.80 


1.60 


1.70 


1.80 


1.55 


1.70 


1.80 


1.56 


i.eo 


1.75 


1.60 


1.60 


1.70 


1.65 


1.60 


1.60 


2.05 


1.60 


1.60 


1.90 


1.60 


1.65 


1.75 


1.60 


1.80 


1.75 


1.60 


1.80 


1.80 


l.fiO 


1.80 


1.75 


1.60 


1.80 


1.70 


1.60 


1.70 


1.70 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.50 


1.70 


1.80 




1.65 













Rating ttthlefor Clear Creek at Fitrkacrerkj (V)to., far J 902, 



)ifichargc. 


1 height. 

1 ■ 
Feet. 


DiHoharge. 


! Gage 
heiglit. 

1 

Ftrt. 


Diwharge. 


Gage 
lieight. 

F(H. 


DLst^harge. 
Stmnd-fret. 


rrirwl/ret. 


Sec(md-/eft. 


Serond-fff't. 


20 


2.2 


179 


3.1 


480 


1 4.0 


946 


32 


2.3 


2a5 


3.2 


522 


4.1 


1,003 


44 


2.4 


235 


3.3 


566 


4.2 


1,060 


68 


2.5 


267 


3.4 


614 


4.3 


1,117 


75 


2.6 


299 


3.5 


665 


4.4 


1,174 


93 


! 2.7 


332 


3. 6 


719 


4.5 


1,231 


112 


2.8 


367 


3.7 


775 


4.6 


1,288 


133 


1 2.9 


403 


3.8 


832 


4.7 


1,345 


155 


1 3.0 

i 


441 


3.9 


889 


4.8 


1,402 



86 STRKAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

IC)*fimnif'ii iinntttJt/ (liM-futn/i' nf dear Creek at Ftfrk'MTeH'y (}tlo. 



[so.tt 





Kun-off. 


T«)Uil in lu-n- 

ftH't. 


Se<Hm<l-fcct 

IMT Houare 

mile. 


Depth in 
inrhcB. 


\y7m 


0. 23 


ao9 


19, :\m 


.91 


i& 


23, 683 


1.15 


1.28 


12,23<> 


.58 


.67 


5,780 


.27 


.31 


4, 10«> 


.20 


.22 


4,02^) 


.20 


.22 



Disfhar^f in Nocond-fti't. 

Monti). 

I Maximum. .Minimum. Mean. 

I _ '_ ._ 

11K)2. I I I 

April 1:M9, 27-30 1 SI 

May ' 422 I 155 315 

June 5(Ui i 2i)9 398 

July 299 ' 133 19<) 

August 112 1 58 94 

ScptomlM^r 144 i 44 (>9 

O(!tol)er 1-2J) 1 70 



SOUTH PLATTK KTVKK AT DKNVKU, COIX). 

In tho sprint^^ of 181K5 a river station >vas ('s(a))lisliod at the. Twenty^ 
third Stn^et Viaduct in (he city of Denver, ])ut observations were 
diseon tin lied on June 18, as th(» location was found to )>e unfavorable 
for accurate measurenu^nts, and the watcM- had falhni Ixdow the gage- 
In July a station was established at the Fift(»enth Street Bridge and 
observations were begun, th(\sc ])cing mach*, in tlie morning and in the 
afternoon. Stream measurem(Mi(s nvo made from the lower side of the 
bridge. 'rh(M)riginal gag(* consistcul of two <l l)y 2 inch tindHM's spiked 
together, inclined and graduated to vcM'ticai tiMiths of a foot. The 
space Ix'tween the marks was O.IT)!) foot. Tlie tim])ers w(M*e fastened 
to posts driven into tli(^ bank. Tlic })ench mark is 1(>7 feet southwest 
from thf^ ^'^^^^' Ji"<l i^ Ji cross mark on top of the <»ast abutment of the 
Fiftc(Mdh Street Bridge on the north corner. It is marked B. M. mid 
is. <). 15 fc(»t above thc^ '>-foot mark of the* gJige rod. 

Anotlicr inclined gag(* rod reading the same as tlie one on the right 
bank was j)laced on the left sich' in August, lSt)S. It consisted of a 
4 by 4 incii by 12-foot timber fastened to posts driven into the left 
))ank and graduated to vertical feet and tenths. 

This rod w;is washed out by the high watcM' of June, IJHMl, which 
also remo\('(l tlie sand liar in front of the rod on the right-hand side, 
making it availabh' at low -watiM* stages, and since that time the read- 
ings have been taken from tin* latt(M- rod. 

Th(* initial point for soundings is on the right bank at tln^ |K)st of 
the iron railing. The channel is straight for alK)ut 1,(HK) f(H»t above 
and ])(dow and the water moves with moderate velocity. The bed of 
the stream is sandy and shifting. This point is immediately bolow the 



jCEWELL.] 



PLATTE BIVEE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



87 



mouth of Cherry Creek, which enters between the Fourteenth Street 
t\nd Fifteenth Street bridges^. The stream at this point is confined 
\>etween artificial embankments of furnace slag. 

May 15, 1901, a T-mil was placed on the site of the latter rod, which 
^as stolen. The rail was embedded in an inclined position in the slag 
bank. The zero of the rod is 12 feet below the top of the capstone of 
the southeast abutment of the Sixteenth Street Viaduct 100 feet north- 
cast of the rod. All readings were taken from this rod from May 15, 
1901, to June 9, 1903, when the rod was again stolen. On June 10, 
1903, a vertical 4: by 4 inch timber was placed at the same point and 
fastened to a cottonwood tree. The zero of the rod was placed at the 
8ame elevation as the zero of the old gage. The observer is J. A. 
Banning, water commissioner. 

Discharge measurements of South PUiUe River at Daitrr^ Colo. 



Date. 



1902. 

Aprill , 

May 15 

May 29 

June 10 

June 11 

June 12 :., 

June 13 , 

June 16 , 

July 161 

July 22 

September 9 

September 12 

October 14 

0ctoljer28 

Octolnjr 29 



Hydrographer. 



J. E. Field 

do 

do 

S. G. Lees 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

M. C. HinderUder. 

do 

do 

R. W. Hawley . . . . 
do 



Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Fed. 


Src.-fret. 


1.10 


107 


1.65 


241 


2.22 


557 


1.00 


74 


.98 


62 


i.a^ 


68 


1.85 


163 


1.00 


63 


1.09 


18 


1.18 


32 


1.10 


22 


1.00 


16 


1.80 


63 


1.19 


48 


1.12 


42 



a Channel clianged. 



88 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

DnUy ijatje heigJU, In feet y of South Platte liii'er at Denver ^ Colo. 



[NCM. 



I)ny. 

1902. 



3. 
4. 

5. 

6. 

7., 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16., 



Apr. 


Oct, 


1.10 




i.oy 




1.10 




1.02 




1.04 




i.k; 


1.22 


l.(K) 


1.21 


.^. 


1.24 


\.(y> 


1.21 


l.OT) 




1.02 




1.07 




1.08 


1 


l.OS 


i.:«): 


i.as 


l.i> 


1.07 


1..) 



IJoV. 



1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1. 10 
1.10 
1.00 



Dec. I, 



Day. 
1902. 



I Apr. 



.\' 17. 

.19. 
.|l20. 

. 21 . 

I 



1.00 I 1.40 I 21. 

1.20 l.'iT) 25. 

1.20 20. 

l.'.M) I 27. 



1.10 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.20 



1.12 



28. 



1.20 < 29. 
1.20 I 30. 
1.15 31. 
1.10 ' 



1.05 
1.00 
l.W 



OH. 



l.SO I 
1.30 ^ 
1.20 
1.30 i 
1.30 ' 
1.30 ' 
1.30 
1.20 I 
1.20 ' 
1.20 I 
1.20 I 
l.-i0| 
1.20 
1.20 I 
1.20 



Nov 



Uaihiii tahh' for Stmth l*hUte Rinr at Denver, O^o., for I90^\ 

JA.NT.VKY 1 TO JTNK M). 1902. 

_ _ _ _ _.. _ _ . - 



he®. 1 I^i-^*"^-^-- || hc^Jirt. ' l^'-h'^rK<.. 



heUclit. I l>i-»"irKO. 



Frrt. 
0.() 

. 7 

.8 



Sfcwul-ftrf. 

2 

:v2 



l-Yrf. 

0.9 
1.0 
1.1 



48 



hWt. 
1.2 
1.3 

1.4 



Srrond-ffd. 

106 
130 

ir>6 



Gage 
heiglit. 



FcH. 
1.5 
1.6 

1.7 



I 



JI'I.Y 1 TO I)K('KMHKK :U. 1902. 



l.M 

i.a 
i.a 

1.3 

1.41 

i.i; 

1.3 
1.3 

I.a 

1.3 
1.4i 
1.4 
l.li 
1.1( 
I.K 



r)iDc)urKe. 

i 

Srctmd'/cd. ' 
187 
224 

270 



0.8 


2 


II 


1.2 1 


1 


1 
1.6 


221 


1 
2.0 


4:5.) 


.9 


6 


ll 


1.3 1 


iM) 1 


1.7 


270 


2.1 


491 


1.0 
1. 1 


30 


ll 


1.4 

l.r> ' 


131 i 
174 , 


1.8 
1.9 , 


:J23 
379 


2. 2 1 


547 



I'^liiintt'd iufHithfif disrhan/r if Smith Plattf Hirer itt Drnnr, i'oht. 
[|)r»iiimKe area. 3.840 s<juan' niih-M.] 







DiscliarK*' 


in 


m«< 


•OiKl 


-ft 


(•(. 


1 






IlunofT. 




Month. 


— 




-- 




— 


1 


— 




T 

IK 


>ta1 in 
rr-fcel. 


Se<*(>n<l-fei't 


l)e 
ni 






M 


ixiiniiiii. M 


in 


nil 


iin. 


1 


.M« 


•»H1. 






per s«inrtre 
mile. 


«'h«'>. 


MMrj. 


• 


1 








i 




1 












April 1-19 


1 














74 ' 
71 ' 




2, 789 

3, mi 


0.019 
.018 




0^ 


OctolxT 6-31 












.0 


















\\2 1 
61 1 




952 
3,046 


.008 
.016 




,0 
.0 


])('<'(>inl)«'r S .'^1 














1 











XEWELL.] 



PLATTE BIYEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



89 



BEAR CREEK NEAR MORRISON, COLO. 

Bear Creek is one of the smaller tributaries of the South Platte, 
beading in the vicinity of Mount Evans, about 30 miles southwest of 
Denver, and entering the main stream about 8 miles above that city. 
Although usually of small volume, the stream drains a considerable 
portion of very mountainous country, which is subject to more or less 
violent cloudbursts, so that floods sometimes come down this creek, 
causing great destruction to property and even loss of life. AIL of 
the normal flow of the stream is used for irrigation, and it is only 
during high-water stages that a large amount of water passes through 
it. Records of its flow have been kept for a portion of each irrigation 
season since April, 1888, witlvthe exception of the years 1892, 1893, 
and 1894. The present station was established April 1, 1899. It is 
Wated just above the town of Morrison. The gage rod, which i^a 
2-inch by 6-inch timber placed vertically and marked in feet and 
tenths, is fastened to the upper side of the dam which diverts water 
into the mains of the Denver Union Water Company. The bench 
mark is the top of a granite bowlder about 100 feet above the rod on 
the left-hand side of the stream, and it is 10.33 feet above the gage 
datum. As in previous years, the station wa»s maintained through 
cooperation with the Denver Union Water Company. The observer 
is S. Hebrew, an employee of the Denver Union Water Company. 

Observations at this station were discontinued in March, 1902, suffi- 
cient data having been secured since its establishment in 1888. 



DaHy gage fieight, in feet, of Bear Creek near Morrison^ Colo. 





Day. 
1902. 


Feb. 

0.75 
.75 
.80 
.76 
.») 
.85 
.90 


Day. 


Feb. 


Day. 


Feb. 1 


Day. 


Feb. 


1.. 


1902. 

s 


0.95 

.95 

1.05 

1.05 

1.05 

.96 

.92 


1902. 
15 


1.15 

1.25 

1.20 ' 

1.25 

1.35- 

1.26 

1.20 


1902. 
22. 


1.15 


2... 


9 


16 


23 


1.15 


3... 


10 


17 


24 


1.25 


4... 


11 


18 . . - 


25 


1 30 


?»... 


12 


19. 


26. 


1.36 


6.._ 


13 


20...". 


27 


1.45 


7... 


14 


21 


28 


1 45 













SOUTH PLATTE RIVER AT SOUTH PLATTE, COLO. 

This station is located at the junction of the North and South forks 
^f the South Platte River at the town of South Platte, on the Colo- 
^do and Southern Railroad, about 9 miles al)ove the mouth of the 
^nyon. The station was established March 28, 1902, by John E. 
-^ield, at the wagon bridge crossing the main stream about 150 feet 
t>eIow the junction of the two forks. This station is of special impor- 
*^nce, its location being above the diverting gates of all irrigating 



90 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART m. 



[mM 



ditches and also above the intake of the Denver Union Water Com- 
pany, which derives the greatcM* part of its supply of watiT from the 
South Platte River a few miles below this staition. The locution of 
the Cheesuian Storage Reservoir on the South Fork, 20 inik\s alwve 
this station, and the conteniphited installation of large power plants 
on the two forks al)ove, also add to the imi^rtance of this station as a 
point from which to secure data. Bridges across either fork above 
the main station allow of measurements being made on these streams^ 
thereby checking all gJigings on the main stream below. 

The gagings on the main stream are made at high water fn)ni * 
wooden wagon bridge 70 feet long, and at low water b}' wading. Tb© 
channel at this point is composed of bowldcu-s and gravel and is rc»' 
sonably stable. Th(» right bank is the*mountain side, rising directl5 
from the bed of the strc^am at a slope of about 45 degrees. The \ef^ 
bank is low and covered with trees, and liable to overflow at ver^ 
high water. The gage rod consists of a 2 by 4 inch timber 7 feet lon^** 
spiked in a vertical position to the upstream face of the timlx'r pi^^ 
in the middle of the river; the ])ench mark, which is a nail driven int^ 
the c4ip timber of the pier just above the nxl, is 10.15 feet almve th^ 
zero of the rod. Observations have betMi made twice daily during thfp 
irrigating season since the establishnuuit of the staition. The observer 
during the summer of 1002 was John B. Sevan. This station is 
located only about 200 feet from the Colorado and Southern Railway 
station, and is easily accessi])le from Denver. 

f>isrh(ir(/e inrai<urr)n('nts (tf South riattc Rirrr nl Sonlh Piiiih\ Cofo. 



Dtilc. 



1902. 

March 28 

May 2 

Jiiiio i:5 

.Inly 17 

Do 

Auj]jn8tl2 

Au^iiHt 25 

iSept^Miiber 7 

SepteuilKT 8 

Si^pteriilHjr K> 

Septeinl K^r 2.*» 

OctolK»r 17 ! S. G. JjQVH 

October 27 1 K. W. Hawlev 



Hy<lroK'niph<r. 



J. E. Field 

....(!«» 

S. (i. Loes 

....do 

....do 

....do 

J. E. Fitd<l 

M. C. Hindcrlidcr.. 

J. E. Field 

M. C. Ilindorlidcr,. 
....do 



height. 


I)is"harg:e, 


Ftfi, 


Sfrvm.i'/tff. 


1.S5 


145 


2. 00 


208 


1.87 


167 


1.00 


m 


1.04 


eo 


1.00 


w 


1.5.5 


122 


1.20 


ti9 


1.20 


tw 


1.25 


79 


1.45 


108 


1.20 


60 


1.18 


67 



L] PLATTE BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 

IktUff gage fteigfU, in feet, of So\Uh Platte River at SoxUh PlaUr, CoUk 



91 



Day. 



1902. 



Apr. 



l.?2 
1.72 
1.60 
1.56 
1.55 
1.72 
1.82 
2.12 

3.ao 

2.80 
2.95 
2.40 
2.80 
2.90 
2.85 
2.45 
2.25 
2.20 
2.20 
2.30 
2.30 
3.25 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.82 
1.90 



May. 


June. 


1.11 


2.50 


1.66 


2.16 


2.00 


1.56 


1.65 


1.66 


1.55 


1.56 


1.56 


1.56 


1.66 


1.56 


1.56 


1.56 


1.11 


1.56 


1.56 


1.10 


1.65 


1.57 


2. 15 


1.10 


2.15 


1.60 


2.15 


1.45 


•2.15 


1.60 


2.15 


1.50 


2.15 


1.45 


2.10 


1.45 


2.05 


1.45 


1.66 


1.45 


1.10 


1.80 


1.90 


1.75 


1.85 


1.60 


1.80 


1.60 


1.75 


1.55 


1.46 


1.50 


2.25 


1.55 


2.40 


1.50 


2.65 


1.85 


2,55 


1.65 


2.45 





July. 



1.55 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.40 
1.36 
1.30 
1.30 
1.30 
1.40 
1.25 
1.35 
1.35 
1.25 
1.15 
1.00 
1.35 
1.40 
1.40 
1.35 
1.25 
1.20 
1.25 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.16 
1.15 
1.10 
1.00 



Aug. 



1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
.56 
1.25 
1.60 
1.30 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.00 
1.05 
1.00 
1.16 
1.30 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.60 
1.60 
1.20 
1.20 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.36 
1.20 
1.25 



Sept, 



1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1,25 
l.'iO 
1.30 
1.30 

i.:» 

1.40 
1.30 
1.30 
1.22 
1.25 
1.30 
l.W 
1.30 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 
1.30 
1.40 
1.60 
1.35 
1.25 
1.16 
1.10 
1.10 
1.15 
1.20 
1.20 



1.20 
1.30 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.00 
1.00 
1.20 
1.20 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.10 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
.95 
.90 
.90 
1.02 
1.02 
.95 
.9« 
1.02 
1.02 



Nov. 



0.96 
.96 
.97 
.97 
.97 
.86 
.86 
.90 
.95 
1.02 
1.02 



Rating taftlefor SfftUh PlaUe River at Smith PUiUe, Colo., for 1902. 



t. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Diwharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. ' 


heiglit. 


Diwlmrge. 


■ 


S4iimil-Jf'ri. 


Frrt. 


SrnnnlftH. 


Ftri. 


Strtnul/nL 


Feet. 


StToiHl-/rct. 


> 


h 


, 1.0 


55 


1.8 


160 


2. r> 


348 


\ 


8 


1.1 


65 


1.9 


178 1 


2.7 


.380 


1 


12 


i 1.2 


75 


2.0 


197 


2.8 


414 


> 


18 


1.3 


86 


2.1 


218 


2.9 


449 


l> 


24 


1.4 


98 


2.2 


240 


X 


485 


i 


.SO 


1.5 


112 


2. .3 


264 


:5.1 


.521 


s 


36 


1.6 


127 


2.4 


290 


3.2 


.V>7 


9 


45 


1 1.7 


148 


2.5 


.318 


3.3 


593 



92 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Eifiimntfd month/ f/ tliM-harge of Srmth Plaiie Rii'er at South l*lattr^ Colo. 
[DraiiiiiKo arwi. 2,61*2 Miuart' milt's.] 



Month. 



1902. 
April 

May 

June 

July 

AugUHt 

September 

October 

Noveml)erl-n. 



DiwharKo in «»'<"ond-f«M.»t. 



Maximum. 



59.S 

m\ 

318 
119 
127 
127 

m 



Minimum. 



119 

65 
55 
21 
i\h 
45 



Mran. 



Total in acre- 
I ft^'t. 



I 



2(50 1 

180 I 
i 
127 

< 

81 I 

82 ' 
Oil 
40 ' 



Run-<»1T. 



15,471 
11,068 
7,557 
5, 226 
4,980 
4,879 
8, 750 
1,069 



Socond-fec'l 

per iuiuaiv 

mile. 



0. 100 
.069 
.049 

.aw 

. 081 
.081 
.02:^ 
.019 



l)r, 



MljfCfUaueoua im'iixiirntietitit in Plattr Rirtr thainagr tfOJtin. 
[Mad(> by H. <). Sirir'i B. K. ForlH??*, J. ('. Stev<*n«. Kmuk Dohnim, Aiina IKiliMm, R. H. 

NEBRASKA. 



Will 



Date. 



1902. 

Buffalo (Vri'k... 

Do do 

Man*h 25 ( 'jilainuH 



July 



Man'h 21 Klkhorn Kivrr, X«>rth 

Fork. 

April 18 <lo 

May 12 | do 



I/>oalily. 



Sit. 88, T. 9, K. IS.. 
Sor. :U), T. 10, K. 20. 

Hurwcll 

Norfolk 



» I d«» 

Jun<»16 do do 

July 26 do I <lo 

August 22 do do 

SepteiiilHT 2t> do I do 

NovendH*rl4 do ' do 



Marrh 25 , Loup, North. 



Hurwcll 



Man-h 28 do i St. Paul 

Do I l^Hip, :Sliddlo do . 

Si»ptviiilMM- 7 ' Platti' Kivrr I Kearney 

AugUHt26 1 lMatt4' Hiv<'r, North... 



August 2S <lo 

St»pt<Mul>er S do 

SeptemlHT 22 do 



.uo 

.do 






' S«'c. 8, T. 28, H. 5S W., ' 
I State liiu'. , 



nrELL.] 



PLATTE RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



93 



Miscellant^ous TiiewiuremeiUii in Platte R'wer drairuige Uunn — Continue*!. 
NEBRASKA— <>jntinucHi. 



Date. 

V902. 

\pril9 

May 20 

July? 

July 10 

Octol)erl.... 
August 18.... 

April 23 

May 7 

8epteml>er 7 . 

July 17 

AugUiJtlS 



Strwim. 



riatt« River, South. 

do 

Salt Creek 

do 

do 

Spring Creek 

do 

do 

Wood River 

Blue Creek 

do 



Locality. 



Dis- 
charge. 



Julv 22 Lawrence Fork 



Do. 



do 



V 



Ju I y 21) j do 

July 31 do 

August 18 ' r^)nergau Creek 

Augitft \\) , Sand Creek 

May 7 ; White Tail Creek 



Do. 
1>). 



I 



.do 
.do 



April 13 l^Mlge Pole 

April 25 do 

June 2 do 

July2 do 

Do do 



North Platte 

do 

Lincoln «5, 

do aio, 

do I 

Sec. ^\T. 10, R. 21 W....| 

Sec. 3H, T. 14, R. 47W.... 

Sec. ;^, T. 15, R. 37W.... 

Sec. 12, T. 9, R. 1(5 W 

Sec. i\, T. 1«, R. 42W ' 

Sec. 19, T. IH, R. 42W 

Sec. 3(i, T. 19, R. 52W.... 

Sec. 11, T. 18, R. 52W.... 

Sec. 1, T. 18, R. 52W 

Sec. 15, T. 18, R. 52W.... 

Sec. 19, T. 15, R. 39W.... 

Sw. 14, T. 15, R. 40W.... 

S. line Hec. 3(), T. 15, R. 
38 W. 

N. line »ec. 3(J, T. 15, R. 
:^ W. 

NE. 1 Hec. 20, T. 15, R. .38 
W. 

Se(% 3(5, T. 14, R. 47AV.... 

Sec. ;i5, T. 15, R. 55AV.... 

Kimball 

Sec. 25, T. 15, R. 56W.... 

Sec. 31, T. 15, R. 5(5 W....I 

I 
I 



Dry. 
207 
438 
136 

92 
1.0 
2.4 
2.5 

27.3 

90 

50 
1.4 
1.6 
2.9 
2.2 
2.5 
1.3 

24.7 

:i6.0 

33. 

4.0 

12.0 

5.6 

7.5 

10.5 



" Flood. 



94 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



Mi^celUineoHH im'tiHumiieiitu in the PUUlf dniinage. 
[Made by A. J. l»arahHll and W. P. EdwanK] 



Dato. 



1902. 
»ScpU?iiil)er 11 . 
SeptemlHjr 12 . 
Septemlxjr 14 , 
September 24 . 
September 26 . 
September 29 . 

October 1 



Septeinlwr 12 . 



I 



North Platte River . 
do 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 

.do 



Locality. 





I 



Brush Creek, Carlxni 
County, Wyo. 

Do I Grand EntrampnientCrt'ek, 

I Carl)on County, Wyo. 

Se])tend)er V,\ Cow Creek, Carlx)n (^>un- 

ty, Wyo. 

Sej)tend»er 14 Pa«8 Creek, CarlK)n Coun- 
ty, Wyo. 

Septeinlnsr 29 Medicine Bow River, Car- 
bon County, Wyo. 

January 1 South 1* ork. Crow ( 'rt^ek . . 



Januarys. 



Do 



Saratoga 

At nioutli of Bninh Creek.! 

Fort Steele j 

do I 

Big Bend | 

Nortli of Seminole Moun- I 
tains. I 

South of Seminole Moun- ' 
tains. I 

At mouth I 

Near moutli | 

d<i» I 

i 

do •' 

<lo ' 



Clear Cn»ek (tributary 
Crow Cnvk). 



(iranito Canyon, l^nunie 
County, AVyo. 

UijIh Springs, l^raniie 
County, Wyo. 

CorU'tt, l^ammie Countv, 
Wvo. 



Do I North Fork, Clt'iir Crook 



(tributary Crow Crook ). 



January IT) MiddloCrow. . 

I 
March 12 do 



July S Boar ( 'n*ok 

July 9 North Turk«-y ( Vook . . . 

Do I Flk Cnvk 



Do I )(H.*r Park Crook 

Do I N<»rth Fork South IMatto. . 

July 10 1 llallH (iulch 

Do I Jofforson Cn*ok 

Do M ichigan Crook 

Do ; Tarryall Crook 

Do I Mi<ldle Fork South Platto 

' Kivor. 



Siininoii.^, l^minio Coun- 
ty, Wyo. 

At dam silo, Larainio 
County, Wyo. 

M«)rns4Ui 

Near Couifor 

WiiiHtoii 

r.ailov 



<io .. 

Wob.'-tor. 
•lofforson 

( 'oino 

Near Com 
l''airj»lay. 



July 11 . 
Do . 



Four mile ( -rook 

South Fork South Platto 
River. 



Near Fairplay | 

Near Buffalo Sj)ring8 i 



I 



TELL.] WESTERN MISSISSIPPI BIVEK DRAINAGE. 95 

KAXSA« KIVKU 1>11AINA(JK IIAHIN. 

The drainage iKtsiii of the Kansas River lion })etweeii those of the 
latte and Arkansas rivers, being entirely within the rej^ion of the 
rent Plains, and princiimlly within the arid or seniiarid area. It has 

raountiiin tributaries, but depends (Mitirel}' for it^» water supply 
pon the water which, falling within or near the Intsin, i^'reolate^» 
lowly to the dminage channels. The catchment area extends from 
astern Colorado to the Missouri River, a distance from east to west 
f 4iS) miles. Its extreme width is about 2<M) miles. The main stream 
fthe KanstLs River is formed at .Junction, Kans., by the Republican 
nd Smoky Hill rivers, and flows east into the Mis.«^ouri at Kansas 
k\\ The Republican is its princiiml tributary and drains southern 
ebruska and northern Kansas by means of many small tributiiry 
eeks. The Solomon, Saline, and Smoky Hill rivers dniin the plains 

northwestern Kansas. The Blue River is a snnill tributary in 
rthetistern Kansas, flowing south into the Kansas River, near ^lan- 
ttan, Kans. The following is a list of the st^itions in the Kansas, 
rer dniinage Iwisin: 

KaiisL*^ KivLTat LcHMmipton, KanH. 

Whw River near Manhattan, Kans. 

Uep!iblit"*ui River at Junction, Kans. 

Republican River and the Mill liaeo near Suj)erior, Nehr. 

Sjlouion River at Nilen, Kans. 

Saline River near Salina, Kani^. 

Smoky Hill River at Ellwworth, KauH. 

KANSAS RIVER AT LECOMl»T<)N, KANS. 

The gaging station at Lecompton was esta])lished April 10, l8i)i>, at 
' in»vv wagon bridge. On June 24, IIMK), a new gage was established, 

1 old gage having been broken. The present gJigc*, a pine ))oard 1 
"h by 1 inch by lU feet long, graduatcnl to feet and tenths, is spiked 
i top of the old gage, and is at the same elevation. On October 2r), 
KM I, a bench mark was cstiiblished on top of the bottom flang(». of the 
on strut connecting the two iron cylinders at the soutii end of the 
ijjhway bridge over the river. The bench nnirk is at tlu^ w(»st end of 
be strut, next to the cylinder. Its elevation is 12. 11* feet above* the 
«roof the gage. The observer Is A. D. McAdow. 



96 STREAM MKASDKEMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Dutcharyt' metv^urt'mentu nf Kansw* Rirtr at lA'ntmjMtm, Knits. 



Date. 



1902. 



Hydn>fnHi»her. 



W. G. Russell. 

....do 

....do 



April 28 

May 28 

June 9 

June 21 ' do 

I 
July 12 j do 

July 30 ! do 

August 27 1 do 



Ikiilif fjiuje height f hi fvHy of Kaitwin River at lA'cvmjttoHj Kamt. 



heS^t. 


DiM-baiftH 


hVfl. 


Sertmd-f^ 


:ioo 


1,311 


7.00 


14,314 


8.25 


17,18^ 


6.50 


13,1^ 


16. :i5 


72,\n 


6.15 


12,871 


7.70 


17,7* 



Day. 



1902. 




1 


2.10 


2 


2.10 


3 


•i.in 


4 


2.10 


5 


:!.io 


6 


%w 


7 


t ^ly 


8 


??H> 


9 


2,40 


10 


*tm 


11...! 


2.10 


12 


2,-(0 


13 i 


%-m 


14 


lAO 


15 


^t w 


16 


2.30 


17 


•2,30 


IH 


2.30 


19 


2.30 


20 


2.:i0 


21 


2..'i0 


«» 


2.30 


Z\ 


2.:W) 


24 


2. :«) 


25 


l.M) 


26 


2. M) 


27 


2. :jo 


28 


2. :«) 


29 


2. 'M) 


:M) 


2. 30 


:n 


2. 2<) 



Jan. Fcl>. 



2.20 

^2a 

2.30 

2,30 

2,30 

2.L*« 

2.20 

2.20 

2.31* 

1. 2fj 

ZIO 

2,10 

1=10 

2.10 

12.10 

I 2.10 

1 2.00 

2. 00 

' 2.00 

^ 2.10 

' 2. 10 

2.10 

; 2.00 

2. 00 

1 2.00 



Hur. 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
l.HO 
,1.90 
l.§0 
2.20 

2.<s.^ 

^. <0 

S.20 
3.00 
3.00 
3. 50 
3.% 
3. 10 
I 3.40 
, 3.40 

3.:w 

I 3.:«) 

' 3.50 

i 3.50 

3. 40 

5.40 

3. ;jo 

! ..:«. 

! 3.3(.> 

j 3.30 

3.30 



Apr. 


May. 


3.40 


2.90 


3.40 


2.90 


3.35 


2.90 


3..W 


2.90 


3.20 


2.90 


3.20 


3.a5 


3.20 


3.3,5 


3.20 


3. r-5 


3.20 


3..S0 


3.10 


3.75 


3.10 


3. 70 


3.10 


3. 75 


3.10 


3.95 


3. 10 


4.25 


3.10 


4.50 


3.10 


4.90 


3.10 


4.90 


3.a5 


4.70 


3.00 


1.95 



I I ' I I ' 

June. July. Auk. Sept. Oct. Nov. IH*. 



3.1H) 
3.00 I 



j 3.00 

3.(K) 

I 3.00 ' 

i 3.00 

I 3.00 ' 

I 3.(K) I 

! 3.W) I 

3.00 I 

2.9.5 I 



■■■■'" I 

.5.70 ' 

I 

•■■•-■" i 

r>. 70 

7.10 
7.75 1 
S.4() ' 
9. 45 
9. 25 
7. M 
.'>. (i5 



7.25 
7.50 i 
7.00 
6.00 
7.20 
7.70 
9.00 
H..50 
7.95 
9.50 
9. 60 
9. 20 
8.50 
7.K) 
7.50 
7. 25 
6. \H) 
6. 70 
6. .'lO 
6. 45 
6. (15 
S.SO 
s. 45 
7.70 
7. 15 
6. 70 
6. ;i.'» 
6. 00 
9.00 
10.70 



10.95 
11.30 
11.75 
11.95 
12.20 
12.00 
12.85 
13,20 
13. W 
14.60 
15.;iO 

16. ;w 

16. K5 
17.40 
17.60 
16. (k) 
15.55 
13. 50 
11.59 
12. SO ' 
10.60 
H. 60 
7.00 

7.:m) 
7.a> 

7.00 
7.00 
6. so 
6.;i5 , 

6. 10 I 

7. 15 ' 



8.00 14.45 
7.65 12.85 
7.10 11. a5 
6.55 I 9.90 
5.60 I 8.95 
5.30 8.60 
4.90 I 7.90 
4.70 I 7.45 
4.60 j 6.90 
4.90 ! 6.60 
5. 40 6. 10 
4.95 : 5.20 
4.90 ' 4.70 
4. 8.5 4. 30 
4. 8p ] 4. 30 

i,m , 1.30 



7.60 j 
7.60 I 
9.35 j 
11.20 I 
13.05 j 
12.40 
10. 20 
9.90 I 
9.55 ' 
8.70 I 
7.65 
7.ti5 
8.20 



4.70 
4.a5 
4.60 
4.. 50 
.5.15 



6. r.j) 
r.. .50 

6. .H5 

7. 75 
SAX) 
«.20 

H.S5 
12. S5 



4. -25 
4.20 
4. 15 
4.10 
4.10 
4.30 
.5.80 
6.20 1 
6.40 I 
6.65 j 
6.90 
8.30 I 
8. SO 

7.90 

I I 

I I 



9.;to \ 

8..V) 
7.90 
7.35 
6.90 

I '■''' . 

6.05 
' 6.00 ! 
! 5.90 
j 5.70 
I 5.ri0 



5. (iO 
5. 60 
5. .50 
5. 40 
5. 40 
5. 40 



5.60 

5.60 

5.60 

5.60 

5.60 

5.60 

5.60 

5.60 I 

5. 60 

5. M • 

5. .5<> 

.-..,«! 

5. 70 
5. 90 
6.00 
6.01) ' 
Ti. 10 I 
6.40 
6.65 
6..'^0 
6.40 
6.20 
6. 20 ' 
6.20 
6. 15 
6.10 i 
6. 05 i 
6.00 
6. 00 
5. .SO 



5.81 

.va 

6.71 

b.n 

6.71 
5.71 
5.70 
5.61 
.V0O 

.^6l 

6.l» 

^s» 

5.50 
b,» 
.>).« 
5.49 
fx50 
5.« j 

7.00 
7.3 
7.1) 
-.» 
7.25 
7.* 
7.10 
7. CO 
7.»« 
7.00 



I 



VKWELL.] 



KANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



97 



Raiihg UMe fvr Kanms liiver at f^romptou^ Kann.^J'in' Ui02. 



height. 


1 
' Discharge. 


heSht. 
Feet. 


! Discharge. 
' Second-fed. 


Ciugi" 
height. 

Ffti. 


DiMchurge. 
• St(ynui-/frt. 


Gage 
height, 

i 


' Dlm'hiirge. 


Vtti. 


\ Stn,H*i-Jc€l. . 


1 

Fret. 


.Vrr>n/f-/<rf. 


2.0 


275 


4.6 


6,710 


7.2 


15,200 


} i>.8 


24,:^ 


2. 2 


625 


4.8 


7,300 


7.4 


15,900 


'' 10. 


25,000 


2.4 


1,000 


5.0 


7,900 


1 7.6 


16,600 


10.5 


27, 500 


2.6 


1,425 


5.2 


8,510 


7.8 


17,300 


11.0 


30,000 


2.8 


1,885 ' 


5.4 


9, i:iO 


S. 


18,000 


11.5 


32, 750 


3.0 


' 2,375 


5.6 


9,770 


8.2 


18,700 


12.0 


:i5, 500 


3.2 


1 2, 890 


5.8 


10, 430 


8.4 


19,400 


12.5 


38, 625 


3.4 


8,415 


6.0 


11,110 ; 


8.6 


20,100 


13.0 


41,750 


3.6 


3,940 , 


6.2 


11,790 


8.8 


20,800 


13.5 


45, 375 


3.S 


4,465 


6.4 


12, 470 


9.0 


21,500 


14.0 


49,000 


4.0 


5,000 


6.6 


13, 150 


9.2 


22, 2CH) 


15.0 


58, (KH) 


4.2 


5,550 , 


6.8 


13, a^ 


9.4 


22,900 


16.0 


67, 000 


4.4 


6,120 


7.0 


14,510 


9.6 


23,600 


17.0 


76,000 



Etttintated vumthly di»rhnT(je of Kamau* River at lA'CimiptuHy Kann. 
[Drainage area, 5«,550 Htiuare milen.] 



Month. 



DiHchargt> in aecond-feet. 



Maxi . um. i Minimum. Mean. 



Kun-i>fr. 



I 



Total in acn*-! 

feet. Second-feet 

l»er fKiuare 
i mile. 



Depth in 
inchfM. 



1902. 

inuary 1,000 

jbniarj- 625 

arch .3,675 

pril 3,415 

lay 23,075 

une 28, 500 

uly 81,400 

lugurt 40,812 

September 53, a50 

^lier I 42,112 

Sovemlxyr 13,320 

December 15, 900 



I 



The year i -81,400 



445 

275 

100 

2,250 

2,125 

11,110 

11,450 

6,415 

5, 270 

9,i:^ 

9, 450 
9, 130 

100 



7()7 

492 

2,4(50 

2, 653 

8, 4.35 

17, 131 

38, 291 

11,941 

14,990 

17,734 

10, 830 

11,785 



47, 161 

27, 324 

151,259 

157,864 

518, (i4S 

l,019,3(v^> 

2, 354, 422 

734, 223 

891,977 

1,0<K),421 

fU4, 430 

724, (i31 



11,459 8,3(51,725 



0. 01 
.01 
.04 
.05 
.14 
.2<) 
.65 
.20 
.26 
. 30 
. IS 
.20 

. 20 



0.01 
.01 
.05 
.06 
.16 
.32 
.75 
.23 
.2^) 
.35 
.20 
.23 

2.66 



BLUE RIVER NEAR MANHATTAN, KANS. 

The gaging station, established April lL\ ISH5, is at th(» county 

bridge 4^ miles north of Manhattan. The gag(» rod consists of three 

sections, the lower being an ash stick driven into the bottom of the 

nver and bolted to an overhanging cotton wood tree, ;^i> feet ea.st oi t\v^ 

IBB 84—03 7 



ys 



STREAM MKASITREM?:NT8 IN 1902, PART III. 



[so. 



bridge. The other two sections of the rod are l)olted to the .m)u 
bridge pier. The bcMicli nuirk is a eross cut in the capstone <»f t 
south bridge pier iininediat<»ly above the upix?r gage, and is 3*2.1 
feet aljove gage datum. 

The observer is C. M. flatter. 

Diitrharfjf nirasitrnnmts o/ Jifiir Hiver near MtnihaUaUy K(ni». 



imto. 



Hydn»jrrHpluT. 



1902. 
Marrli 14 W. (t. KiiisselL 

April 29 do 

May 20 do 

June 10 do . 

June 2ft <lo 

July 9 do 

JulvU'' 



Ghkc 
heiKht. 



Fcrt. 
4.10 
3.80 
5.00 

0.70 
25. 15 



do 26.85 



iMM'Imr) 



HreimilJ 



1". 
1, 



aBackwHtor fmm KansHs Rivor pnilmbly chuso*! low disrharKO on .Inly 14. 
Ihiihj ffatjt' hel(jht, in ffd, (if lllnv Jxlrcr near Manhattnu, Kani(. 



Day. .Ian. ¥vh. , Mar. Apr. May. .Inn*-. ^ .Inly, i Auk. Sept. Oct. , Nov. 1 

''■ ' " ' ' i i I ; 



1902 
1 


4.20 


2 


4.00 


3 


3. H() 


4 


' 3. SO 


5 


3.90 


6 


4.0t) 


7 


4.(H) 


8 


. 3.W 


9 . . . . 


3.9() 


10 


3. MO 


11 


4.00 


12 


3 *.H) 


13 

14 

15 


3.9U 

' 3. «H> 

3.'.H> 


If) 


3 W 


17 


3. «K) 


IK 


3. «H.» 


19.. 


4,(K» 


20 


l.(H) 


21 


4JX) 


22 

23 

24 


I.«X» 

l.(X) 

1 J.U) 


2r> 

26. 


l.W 

'i4. (M) 




'r", <Ht 


2x 

29 

IK). . 


1 en 

"3. W 

1 
I'O 


31 


1 J. 00 



("I 

(") 

'«3.S«> 



' i.H) 



<'iO 

:a) 

40 

:«. , 
10 I 
10 

(to I 

10 ' 
I 
20 

-"i 

2(» I 

10 ; 

■-■"I 

20 ' 

'-■"I 

10 ! 

(N) I 
oo ' 

00 



4.00 
4. 10 
4. 10 
4.10 
4.20 
4.20 
4. 20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.10 
4.(K) 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.(M) 
4.U» 
4.00 

4. (X.I 
l.(H) 
3. ".;o 
3. '.»0 

:\. 'HI 

.1. 9<l 
.3.110 

:?. IK) 
3. W 

:'.. .^) 
:;. Ml 

3. NO 



:'.. .SO 
3. so 

3. .so 
4.. so 
^. 10 

:). iHi 

3. 90 
3. 90 
3.90 

3. 90 
1.00 
1.00 

:;. .so 

1..S0 
l.<Ui 

4. (HI 

.^). :m) 

1.70 
.'.. :w 
;'.. 20 
4.'.Kl 
10. '20 
10.10 

io.;io 

is. 00 
It. 10 
S.N) 

7. so 

c. to 

(•». IKi 



.\rio I 
:>. :{o 
.1.20 I 
.">. 10 
.'». (H) 
7. 'Jt) 
C. St) 
13. (K) 
10. 00 
is..',0 ; 
IS. 00 
14. (H) 
12.10 ; 
1 1 . (U) 
13. 70 
12.«iO ; 
10. .'lO 
10.30 

10. (U) 
13..'.0 
l.')..^0 
12.00 

9. 00 
.s. 70 
7 .■>(J ' 
C}. SO 
(». to 
1:5. .^.o 
II. so 

1 1 . (.0 



22.00 I 

21.. V) ; 

I9.:i0 ' 
lh.70 

IS. a) 

11.20 ' 
9.70 
19. 10 
2.').(K) I 
2*J. 00 
:n..'iO ■ 
31.20 I 

:«•. 00 

2s.no ' 
IS. 70, 

11.20 
10.70 
11.20 
14. SO 
13.20 
12..'»0 
13.00 
13.40 
It.. so 
1.'».30 
11. :M) 

ii.r>o ' 

1 1 . 00 
11.70 
11. so, 



ll..'»0 
10.90 ! 
10. OO I 

9.40 j 

S.SO 

7.«.K)i 

7 00 I 

7..'>0 I 
7. 30 

7.00 j 7. 

(i.90 ! 
0. s(» I 

•■■■■"I 

(•...'>0 

I 
l'..(4) 

r...'io 
IkW , 
7. \H) 

s. 20 

7."»0 

s. 10 

s. 40 

S.20 I 

s. 10 
10. 10 I 
11.20 ' 

1 1 . :«) 

l.'».(K) 
2:^. VA) 



24. nO 
20. «K) 
17.90 
13. 10 
9. 40 
s. a) 
s. 2t) 
7.90 
7.40 
7.10 
.10 
«;. «K) 
0. 00 

(i. no 
0. r»o 
«-.. w 

0. M) 
«>. 20 
0. 10 
0. 10 
fi. 00 
0. 10 

6. .'iO 

7. (U) 
10. 70 
10. w 
10.(10 

9. 10 
s. 10 
9.30 



10.10 , 

S. 10 
7. iW 
13. 10 
1').«'.0 
I4.:i0 
12. ;jo 
ii.:io 

9. 70 
9.00 
.s. 40 
•S. SO 
19.30 
If.. 20 
12. 'M) 
11.20 
9. 20 

s.so 
s.:{o 

8.(X) 

7.so; 

7.(H) . 
7.40 I 
7.20 
7.10 
7.00 I 

O.SO I 
O.SO j 



6.10 
9. 90 

s.so 

'.\^) 
•;. 90 
i\. :*) 
r.. 40 

r.. JO 

rt. -21) 
(i. 20 
6. 10 
(i. 70 
7.60 

7.r.o 

7.00 
(i.eio 

(*..40 

r..40 
r,. :5o 

0. 20 
0. 10 
f.. 10 
6.10 
6.20 
6.20 
6. 10 
6. 10 



ft. fiO I . 



«Fro/.i<u. 



.VELL.] 



KANSAS BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



99 



Rating table far Blue Rif-er near Mimlmltan^ Kau*., fttr 1 90 J. 



Gage 
heijfht. 


DifU'harge. 
Sfrond-fert. 


Gage 
height. 


DiMeharge. 


(J»ige 
hoight. 


1 

• Diwharge. 

1 Stcond/cft. 


(iage 
height. 

Fat 


Diwharge. 
S*rond-/€(i. 


Feet. 


3.0 


140 


6.8 


2,006 


10.6 


5, 468 


15.0 


11,760 


3.2 


204 


7.0 


2, 150 


10.8 


5,684 


15. 5 


12,710 


3.4 


268 


7.2 


2,:^06 


11.0 


5, 900 


16.0 


18,670 


3.6 


:J36 


7.4 


2,462 


11.2 


! «, 124 


16.5 


14, («0 1 


3.8 


408 


7.6 


2,624 


11.4 


6,348 


17.0 


15,590 


4.0 


480 


7.8 


2,792 


11.6 


6, 576 


17. 5 


16,550 ! 


4.2 


560 


8.0 


2,960 


11.8 


6,808 


18.0 


17,510 


4.4 


♦>40 


8.2 


:^,\m 


' 12.0 


7,040 


18.5 


18,470 


4.H 


728 


8.4 


8, 312 


12. 2 


7, 280 


19.0 


19,430 


• 4.S 


818 


8.6 


8,492 1 


12.4 


7, 520 


19.5 


20, 890 


0.0 


910 


8.8 


8, 676 


' 12.6 


7, 764 


20.0 


21,:i50 


0. 2 


' 1,014 


9.0 


8, 860 


12.8 


8,012 


21.0 


1 28, 270 


0.4 


1,118 


9.2 


4,052 


18.0 


8, 2(>0 


22.0 


25,190 1 


h.iS 


1,228 


9.4 


4,244 


18.2 


8, 560 


28. 


27, 1 10 


5.S 


i i,:h4 


9.6 


4,440 


18.4 


8,860 


24. 


' 2^), o:io 


H.O 


1,460 


9.8 


4,640 


18.6 


9, 186 


25.0 


, 80, 950 


H.2 


1,592 


10.0 


! 4,840 


18.8 


; 9, 588 






6.4 


1,724 


10.2 


5,048 


14.0 


9, 890 




1 
1 


«. l> 


1,862 


10.4 


5, 256 


14.5 


10,820 




[ 
1 



Kftimatfd monthly dwcluirge of Bltw River near Mnnhdttnit^ Kntitt. 
[DniiiiJigf Kni». 9,490 M«man* inile«.] 



l»i?H'.hHrgi* in f*et<unl-ffi't. 



Month. 



1902. 



aniiarv . . . 
'Vbmary . . 

darrh 

^pril 

klay 

fane 

fnly 

^OgUHt 

^ptenil)er . 
^•tolwr . , . 
^ovenil)er . 
^cember . 



Maximum. 



560 

910 

910 

5<i0 

17,510 

17, 510 

48, 430 

27,686 

29,990 

20,006 

4,740 

3,136 



The year \ 43,430 



Minimtuii. 



408 

408 

480 

408 

408 

910 

4, 540 

1,790 

1,460 

1,790 

1,526 

1,0(56 

408 



Mean. 



KuiM.fT. 

iTotaliUHtri*- ~ 

fci't. StM-ond-fect j^ , . 

^•^'miir''" I incheM." 



461 ; 

619 I 

618 j 

488 I 

2, 157 I 

6,298 I 

16,866 j 

4, 829 

5,011 

5,071 ' 

1,945 I 

1,897 I 



28, 846 

84, 878 

87, 988 

28, 740 

182,62*) 

874, 757 

1,087,050 

266, 180 

298, 175 

811,804 

115,785 

116,642 



0.05 I 
.07 i 
.07, 
.05 I 



0.06 
.07 
.08 
.06 



8,818 j 2,782,419 



.28 


.27 


.m 


.74 


1.78 


2. 05 


.46 


.53 


. 58 


• .59 


.58 


.61 


.20 


.22 


.20 


.23 


.AO 


\ 5^.?>V 



100 0TBEAX MEA8URKMENT8 IN 1902, PART III. t» 

UKPUBmi^AN KIVKK AT Jl'NCTIOX, KAN8. 

The g^ing station at this point, iv^tablinhcd hy Arthur P. Da 
April 2fi, 181>5, \h loc*ated at the wagon bridjre at the north ciu 
Washington street just above the mouth of the river. The gag<» • 
sistfi of two oak timbers bolted to a post and to a c^ttonwood t 
One bench mark consists of a 6<)-pt»nny spike driven into the Vmu? 
the a)>utmeiit of the liridge at an elevation of 10J)7 feet on the 
the second Iwnch mark is the top of a stone in the l)ase of the br; 
abutment 18 feet south of the gage and at an elevation of 14.51 
above gage datum. The right Imnk is high, but the left is low and \ 
overflow at high water. The l>ed of the stream is sandy and liabl 
change. 

On OctolH»r 28, 1\HK)^ a new }>ench mark was established, at an el 
tion of 12.35 feetalK>ve the zero of the ofd gage. It is a spike dr; 
in the west side of a c^)ttonwood tree IS inches in diameter and 10 
west of the bridge. The spike is alK>ut 2 feet alx)ve the groi 
The olwerver is J. H. Kathert. 

IHtmhurtje iiu^utnrriiurttUi of Jiej/mfdieiin Riirr at Jntiction, Katut, 
Date. Hydniirmpliir. . ^^^, \ lH«rlu 

_. _ _ . - - - ! - 

1JK)2. 

Man-h l.'i W. (i. KukwII 

April 29 do 

May 1» do 

June 5 d(» 

.Tune IB do 

June 2.*> do 

July 7 d<» 

July s do 

July l.'i do 

SepteinlHT 27 <lo 



HydnifrmpluT. 


1 helKht. 1 


Ruiiwll 


4.(K) 


M. (W> 


:>. 10 


4. HO 


:>. 10 


4. so 


7. 'vS 


10.25 


«i. (>5 


S. AO 



VKLL.] 



KANSAS RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



101 



DaHy gage height, in feeL, of Republican River at Juiuiion, Knn$, 



0*7. 


Jau. 


Feb. 


Mat. 


Apr. 


Hay 
3.*0 


JltQCr. 

* 

5.30 
5.10 
S.10 
4.80 
fi,30 
5.90 
7.M 

0.40 


34*1 r. 


AW. 


flflpt. 


Oct 


Nuv. 


Dec 


' 


I. ,_,.. 


3.«6 

3.75 
S.7S 

a. 76 
a. 80 

S.90 

a, SO 
a.«o 

3.90 

3.90 
3.90 

^.no 


a, 90 
a.M 
a. 90 

8,90 
3. 90 
EfO 
3.90 
3 W 

a. 90 

a. 90 

1.90 

a.90 

*.90 

a, 90 

3,90 
3.90 

a. 90 

a90 

S.90 

a. 90 

3,90 
3.90 
3.90 

a. 90 

4.00 
4.00 
4.10 
4.M 


4.00 

4.20 
4. SO 
■i.30 
4.40 
4.50 

4.eo 

4.50 
4. SO 
4.30 
4.Q0 
4.00 
4.00 
a, 90 

3. nil 


4.36 

4.30 


t.ffr 
a so 

9.30 


.-4 

fi.7« 
5.00 
6.35 


T-'SO- 
5.» 
5.00 
4.30 
3.ft5 
a. 4.^ 
3.40 

tm 
a.a't 

3.30 
3,30 
3.10 
2.90 
190 
2.90 
*XS5 
2.66 

*ao 

*J.7fi 
2,75 
^70 


4.0» 
4.00 

0.00 

A. aft 

«.90 

6,ia 

6 JO 
4.00 
4.30 

4.00 
4.00 
4.90 
6.70 
4.90 
4,30 
4.40 
4.30 
4.00 

R IN) 


■* 

VSo- 
3. mi 

3.96 
3.« 
3.60 
3.1.'^ 
3.40 
3.46 
3.46 
fi.^ 
3.1* 
3.40 
3.50 


. 3.4^ 


!,,..„„-.,, 


3.40 
3.40 


l ..— 

i. .,. 


■- * * 


1,10 %M 

4.00 lea 

4.00 4.00 


i 


7.P0 i.hh 
7.35 4,1ft 
7.10 ' 4.20 
10. BO 4.10 

JO. 40 * 3,86 
ITUO ' fl.lO 


a.a.'^ 


........................ 


a. 90 

!!.fiO 
3,«) 

a. £6 

3.«0 
3.W 

a.M 

Jl,75 

a. 70 


S.80 
3.7S 
3.70 

1«5 
3.6fi 
S,6fi 
3.96 


3,10 

3.10 


»»... 

D- 


........_..• 


a.ou 

3.00 

a. JO 


].._„ 


M0| la.TO ; 3.00 
1 m inio Sim 


3.20 


1 *,.... 

!,,,..„,„ _... 


3,2U 
3.20 


4. .,....,,. 


4.96 r5.4a 7.e0 3.40 

4 70 1 AW A AH J .^ 


^1A 


!„„„ 


Am 


1.. ....„,..* 


a Ti 4.00 A Ml fiyft a.35 


a. 70 ' 3.13 


J_ ...J 


2 f^ A ^ ' -i 4n 


A m .S 7,> n.^'V 


a. tiO a. art 


»,. ,-...„.._ ! 


3. BO 
3.m 

3.75 

a, 70 

3.90 
3.90 
3.S6 
3.80 
a. 90 
il.O* 

S,90 
4.10 


a. 70 ' 4,a) 
a. 70 4.60 
Xm 5.40 

a,M ! 0,10 

a. 70 fl.40 

S.flffl ' fl.fiO 
;i.oo 1 o.ar^ 

3.6& ; 7.(KJ 

3,«fi . r,,?o 

3.(42 ■ 6.70 
3,65 fi.€0 
; 5.90 


.^.^ . 5.40 
6.40 A.0O 
R.00 4.»*0 
ll.a0 4.70 
6.30 fi.30 
.S.00 i 4.7ft 
4.90 4,40 
4.80 I 4.20 
-1,00 1 4.20 
4.10 4.00 
fi. as 4.1'0 

7.H0 «.ao 

7,80 a 40 
7 50 


3.10 
a.AO 
3.60 
7.00 
4.10 
3.90 
3.90 

3.ra 

;i5U 
fi. 10 


a,(K> »?ao 


t ,...::.. J 

!„.„„ 

1 .._ 


a. 45 
a. 40 
a, 50 

S.fiO 

a tft 


3. SO 

a. 36 

3.66 


t,.... 




4.U0 
4,10 
4.00 


a. 70 3.SS 
a.35 3,») 
3, as 3,75 
MO 3.66 
W.20 3.eo 
H..y) 3.56 
6.90 li..>"j 
5.70 a.-*^ 
5.50 1 a.,=w> 

3.4.*^ 


3. an 






3.35 


1 




3,30 


i, 


£.90 
S.W 
1.90 
S.9D 

a. 10 

3 90 




1..... ,.„.,,, 

h........... ....„;' 

i. __... ' 

L.. „.. 

1.. . 


1 8.40 i 3.30 
a. 45 ' 3.65 
.^45 3.42 
3.40 3.115 

R 4M 
















Rating inl 


Uefor Rep 

Gage 
height. 


uhlican River at Junetwny Kant., 


for 190-^. 
hoilfht. : ^^«^»"* 




helSt. 


Di**rhaixc. 


Dischargt'. i Gage 
1 height. 

1 


DischarKe. 

1 

Seamd-fect. 
6,000 


MY. 
X) 




2.2 


1 
Sfcand'/ed. Feet. 

20 : 4.6 


Secotid/eH. \ h\d. 
1,480 7.0 


/'er/. Secoiul- 
9. 4 LS, 2( 




2.4 


30 , 4.8 


1,720 7.2 6,()00 


9.6 1 18,800 




2.8 


70 


5.0 


1,960 7.4 7,200 ' 


9.8 14,4(X) 




2.8 


140 


5.2 


2,210 7.6 1 


7,800 i 


10.0 ir>,000 j 


:i.O 


220 


5.4 


2,520 


1 7.8 1 


H,400 


10.2 ir>,(ioo 


a. 2 


800 


5.6 


2,840 


! 8.0 


9,o(X) ; 


10.4 ! 1(>,200 


:u 


400 


5.8 


3,200 j 8.2 


9, (UK) 


10.6 ^ 16,800 




3.8 


510 


6.0 


3, 600 1 8. 4 


10,200 I 


10. S 17,4m) 




:i.8 


«30 


6.2 


4, 000 8. (> 


10,800 


11.0 18,0(X) 




4.0 


840 


6.4 


4,400 ^ 8.S 


11,400 S 


11.5 19,5(K) 




4.2 


1,050 


6.6 


4,900 


9. 


12,000 i: 


12.0 , 21,000 




4.4 


1,260 

1 


( 


18 


5, 


400 


1 \ 


2 


12,6 


00 i 


13. 


1 


24,000 


\ 



102 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

HHtimaied nuntthhj (liarhtmjt' of HfpuhiicfUi Jihtr at Jitnrtinn, Kan*. 
[I>mnmKt> uvr\ iA.K'jT s/juf.rr milos.J 



(KO.M. 



iJfscharpc in H«'<*()ml-fiH'l. 



Run-off. 



\ Month. 



T<»tal in arr**- 

fo<«t. Peoond-feet i)t.,.ti,;„ 

I Maxiinun). Minimum. Mean. per Miuun* jn'j.JJp, 



1902. 

January 945 

Febniary.... 1,425 

March 1,480 

April 1,207 

May 7, 800 

June . . . ; 8, 400 

July 2;!,100 

Kn^wA 11,700 

Septeinl)er 1 0, 5(X) 

OctolxT 5,150 

NoveiTilHT 787 

Dec'einlH'r 2, 441^ 

The year 28,100 



(MX) 


710 


43, (55('> 


0.03 


0.(8 


7H5 


775 


43, (Ml 


.a3 


.(« 


570 


887 


54,5:^9 


.a3 


M 


510 


(154 


38,91(» 


.03 


.(C 


482 , 


2,128 


i:W,84(J 


.08 , 


.09 


,2<J0 


a, 3;J8 


198,(525 


. 13 i 


.15 


840 ; 


7,887 


484,953 


.30 


.35 


280 ' 


2, 04() 


125,804 


.08 


.(» 


88 ' 


1,(>4(> 


97,944 


.06 


.07 


427 ! 


i,4.sr, 


88,296 


.06 


.07 


400 


471 


28, 02(^ 


.02 


.02 


220 1 


422 


2:>,944 


.02 


.02 


^^ ! 


l,8(i7 


l,3(i0,590 


.07 ' 


M 



UKITHLICAN UIVEU AND THE MIIJ. RACK NEAR SUPERIOR, NEBR. 

This station was ostahlislicd rJunc 2t>, iS'Jd, about ono mile west of 
Suporior, N(»l)r. 'V\w old t^atif(^ rod was first |)hK*(Hl just al)ovo the 
highway i)ndo;o, which is itsolf 75 yards ahovo tlic dam which divTits 
wat(M- into th(> mill race. 

This *^ajif(» consists of an oak pi(ci^ 2 by 4 inches, 10 feet lon^. The 
face is inclined 30d(*<^iv(\s to the hori/ontiil, and the footmarksare place(i 
2 feet apart to correspond to this inclination. The rod is fasten(*d to 
cross-ties which are bedded in the bank of the river. The Icn^ation Ij* 
on the outside of an (^asy ImmkI in the river. The ))ed of the river i> 
of mud and sand. 1'he top of the rim of the upstnnim cylinder of th^* 
north pier is 15.42 feet al)()ve the zero of the ^a^e. Bench mark 2 \^ 
the standard 4-f()ot iron i)ij)(* of the United States Geolo<^ical Surv(\V. 
It is s;^ feet north of the uj)stream cylinder of the north pier of th< 
bridti('an<l is 10 feet west of the line of th(^ uj)stream truss of the briduf^' 
It is 1 foot inside a wire fence. 'V\w top of the pipe is 4 inches alK)\' 
the t»"round and tin' elevation is 4.ss f(M4 above ^at^e datum. 

In the spring of 1SI»S two other i^a<^es were estaldishi^d. The tivr 
crajre was j)laced in the riviM- a few feet upstr<'ani from the crest of tli 
dam, the zero biMntr Jit the same elevation as the crest. The second i 



nnKLL.] KANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 103 

n tho mill race, which is crossed hy a wagon bridge al>out 5(> yards 
3elow it** head. Discharge measurements of the river are made from 
the highway bridge, thus determining at once the discharge through 
the mill race and from the dam. The discharge from the mill mce is 
measured and is deducted from the t^>tal discharge of th(> river to give 
the amount passing over the dam. The !)ench mark for this river gage 
Ls l)onch mark No. 2 of the old gage des(q-ibed al>ove. Its elevation is 
L!^2 feet above the datum of the gage at the dam. The gage of the 
mill nice reads 2 feet higher than that of the river gage, so that Ui^ 
eero is ♦J.J*^ feet lielow the same l)ench mark. 

It wsis found, however, that the discharge of the mill nice was reg- 
ulated more or less by the mill below, so that there was no relation 
irhatever bet\ieen the gage height and the discharge. To remedy 
thij« difficulty the observer records the depth of watei in midstream 
ittho wagon bridge and inunediateh' thi>reafter notes inunlMM- of sec- 
wids required for a float to pass over a 50-foot mnge in midstream, 
rho ratios of the time to the depth was found to bear a constant r(»la 
tion to the discharge. 

During 1H09 (llenn E. Smith made an examination of a portion of 
the upper Republican River. On September ♦>, ISIM.), jit Oxford, 
Xebr., the river channel was dry and was reported U> have l)een in 
this condition for ten days. At Orleans, about 12 miles below, there 
was an estimate<l discharge of O.H second-foot — this small amount <'om- 
intr froni Stippa River, which enters at this jioint. 

J}ixrhiirfje mettimreinfiUH uf Repufdirtin Hirer veur Superior, Xrhr." 
Date. i Hydn>ffrHi>lMT. 

1902. j 

March 16 ' Frank DobwMi 0. 75 

April J. C. Stevens 

May 24 FrankDobeon 

July 8 J. C. St<»vens 

July 30 do 

I 

August 12 do 

i^ptember 19 ' do 



height. 


l>isrharjr**. 


Fert. 


Srrtiwl-frri. 


0. 7r> 


()25 


.70 


G88 


1.:^) 


1,41>9 


(^') 


12,494 


1.25 


1,5()2 


.7:5 


558 


. :{<) 


IM 



«*Th«He dlftcharKf^ inclu<W that Howiiijr in tin- mill dkv. 
b Water out of baiilui on )x)th Ri<l«*N ami over top of j^u^c nxl. 



104 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART ITT. 

DiM'harye vwaxuremeiUn of mill race iifar Superior, Xehr,^ 



J)Hte. 



1JK)2. 



I 



I 



Hy(ln»KrH])her 



Dis- 
charge. 



, Str.-fnt. 

March 16 Frank Dobson ... 22 

April 5 1 J. ( '. SteveiiH 54 

Mav 24 Frank Dobson . . . | :i5 



DaU'. 



1902. 

July 30 

Augii>«t 12 

September 19. 



Hydniin^pJuT. 



J. C. Stevens. . . 

do 

do 



[no. 



rhun 



Srr.-O 



ttiiagi* hoightu ATV. not (>b»t'r\'od, 1ml dcptJi of water In mid.Ktn'am nnd the time requinxl f.>rn ri 
t<> i»a.Hs over a fiO-foot rangv in midstream, the raticw of which are nsed inntead of gage height<^. 

1 hilly gmje height, iujWt, of Republicfin Hirer near Siiperiirr, Nef/r, 



Day. 



Mar. 



1 


1902. 


' 


2 


3 


4 


5 


A ' 


7 . 


8. .. 




("■) 


9 




0. 90 


10. 




. s.-) 


11. 




MJ 


V2 




S(» 


13 




.S(» 


14 




. Ki 


15 






16 

17 




. . .70 


IK . . 




. H.'» 


ly 




.SO 


'*{) . (. 1 


21 (i!) 


'>J 




7.-» 


'M 




TS 


•24. 




-- 


•io 




. s 


2t\ 




S.I 


'>7 




>] 


'> 




. '.17 


L>y 






•M) 




. Ki 



Apr. May. June. July. Aug. 



•.«0 I 



.70 
.70 I 
•*»■- 



.50 
.70 
.41) 

.w 

1.02 
l.ln 

.ST) 



.70 , 
.70 



I 



I. 
1 . «•>'.» 
l..'>:t ' 
1.42 
1.20 
l.:'.o 
1 . .■)<■. 
1 . \r> 
1 . y'. 

!.(..'. 

1 . 7:> 
1 . 2.') 
1.20 



1.10 
1.00 

i.a'i 

1.S2 

i.yft 

1.90 
1.92 
1. y^ 

i.:io 

1. 12 
1.00 1 

I . (V) 



l.:-..s 
1.20 
1 . 20 
l.OH 



1.9S 
2.32 
2. OS 
1.30 
•2.40 

(^) 

3.50 

2.5.^ ' 

i.KS ' 

1.92 

1.72 

1.42 

l.:i0 

i.i:. 

i.r^ 

1 . so 
1.10 
1 . (C) 
l.(M) 
. '.>2 
1.02 
l.os 



:i.oo ' 
i.r,o 

1.20 , 
1.70 



1.42 
l.'iO 

i.(;5 

1.18 
.95. 

.«i 

.90 ' 
.82 I 

.KO I 

.70, 
.81 
.70 ' 
.(>2 i 

.so' 
.78 I 
.♦io 
.(10 , 



..M I 

..=S0| 



Sept 



O.70 

.{JH 

. rjs 

.61 ' 
.60 

••■* , 

.r>2 
.r.3 

.45 

.42 

.4S 

.40 : 

.32 

.31 

.40 

.41 

.:i2 

.48 
.34 

.40 

3. r^ 

2.32 

1.8<i 

1.78 

1.3'. , 

1.10 

1.05 

1.02 



Nc 



.98 I 

i.a5 j 

1.19 
1.35 
1.00 
.9s 
.90 
.89 
.82 
.8>4 ' 

i.a'> 

1.45 
1.00 

..S') 

.f<2 
.99 
.90 
.91 
..s:i 
. 7** 
.70 
.71 
72 
.70 
.73 



"Oh.-scrvaliiiiis <liscoiiliiiu«Ml froiii .luii. 1 l.. Mar. 9 jukI <luriiii: 1)<'cptii1rt on ai-<'<»uiit of ico. 
'■ 1'I<wk1: water over lop of jj'iKC 



KANSAS BIVEB DBAINAOE BASIN. 



105 



Raiing table for ReptMican River near Sufterior^ A>//r., for 190:2, » 



Gage 
heighi. 


Di»ch&rgv. 


Gage 
heiglit. 


DiwiharKe. : 


height. 


1 Dlwhargc. 


i! 


Gage 
height. 


Diwharge. 


¥ftt 


Serond-fefi. 


Fed. 


Stcmul-/tfi. [ 


fM. 


1 

J Sf^majfd. 




F',t. 


Sccoud-Jert 


0.1 


i5 


1.0 


850 1 


1.9 


2,780 


!l 


2.8 


6, 155 


2 


95 


1.1 


1.010 , 


2.0 


1 3,075 


1 


2.9 


6, ^30 


.8 


15() 


1.2 


1,190 1 


2.1 


1 3, mo 


3.0 


7,125 


.4 


215 


1.;) 


1,390 ; 


2.2 


3, 725 


il 


3.1 


7, 650 


.5 


2S5 


1.4 


1,610 1 

' 1 


2.3 


i 4,080 




3.2 


8, 195 


A\ 


' :m) 


1.5 


1,840 


2.4 


4, 455 


!l 


3.3 


8, 7()0 


• i 


46() 


l.«> 


2, 085 1 


2.5 


j 4,850 


II 


3.4 


9, 345 


.S 


! 570 


1.7 


2,340 


2.6 


5, 2(>5 




3.5 


9,950 


.9 


690 


1.8 


2,505 ! 


2.7 


5, 700 


i| 


3.6 


10.575 



• Thin ubl« was applied iiidiruetly a<rc«mling t«» th*- methcKl outIiiie<l «ni |Mige 323. Niiiete«'nth 
Annual RcfMirt rnltwl States Geologic-til Sur\'ey, Part IV, and given the diwharge orer \hv <lani, 
exclusive of that flowing in the mill ra<>e. 

Editfiatt'd monthly dijtcharge of Repuhl'imn River near Sajterior, Xehr. 
[Drainage area, 22.347 Hquan* niileN.] 



Dlsehargf in »eeond-feet. 



Run-oflf. 



Month. 



Maximum. 



1902. 

Mar«h9to31 

April 740 

May 2,810 

June 3,2:i5 

July 12,490 

Augort 1,920 

SeptemlH-r 10, 875 

OcU»ber 1,995 

^'oveinUT 970 



mm. 


1 
Mean. 

1 


Total in 
n(Te-feet. 


Se<*ond- 

feet per 

^Mlua^• 

mile. 


Depth in 
inehcH. 




(575 


29, 453 


0. 03 


0. 02 


3$N) 


555 


33, 020 


.02 


.02 


:i:ys 


1,269 


78, 020 


.(M> 


.07 


320 


1,372 


81,640 


.(Hi 


.07 


970 


't 3, 080 


"189,360 ' 


" . 14 


'f . 16 


aso 


674 


41,440 1 


. 03 


. 03 


155 


1,175 


(i9,910 


. 05 


. 0(» 


520 


937 


r>7,610 


.04 


. 05 


460 


622 


37,010 


. ():{ 


. 0.". 



rt KxeluMlvc of four days* fltxMl dl>M-h»irK«'. 



SOLOMON HIVER AT MLKS, KANS. 



The station at Niles was established Miiy 5, isj^T, ami is locatod at 
*^>ri(lgo one-half mile west of th(» town und 7 miles jil)()ve tlie mouth 
^^ the river. The rod of the wiri* ^Jig<' i^ s])ik(ul to the floor of the 
bridge. The lieneh mark is the iippiMinost of thrcM^ nails driven into 
'^^'ottonwood tree 13 inches in diameter, on (he north sidc^ of the river 
'^n(l25 feet east of the bridg(\ at an elevation of 24.iM) fret above ^a^e 



96 STREAM MEASUKEMENT8 IN 1902, PABT III. \^^^ I 

Dvicharye measure inatiH of Kanm» River tU Ijfannptmi, Kmin. 



Date. 



1902. 



April 28 . . 
May 28... 

June 9 

June 21 . . . 
July 12... 
July 30... 
August 27 



Hydrographer. 



W. G. Russell. 
do 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 



G«|re 
leight. 



heigl 



Pcet. 
3.00 
7.00 
8.25 
6.50 

16.35 
6.15 
7.70 



DfaKhaiKf. 

1,540 
14,314 
17,182 
13,14* 
72,17: 
12,87 



9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 



Diiily gatje height, in feet, of Kansas River at Lexaompimi, Kaiui. 



Day. 



ilO 
110 
^10 
2 JO 
2.10 
2.10 
2.20 
2.^ 



2.40 
^. 40 
:;.40 
^,40 
:i.40 
•1.40 

2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 



.1 2.:30 
.1 2.30 

•i 2.:«> 



:.30 ' 



26 


2.:w 


27 


? -M) 


•28 


2.;w 


29 


2.30 


30 


2.30 


31 


2.20 







Ft^lj. 


Mat. 


1 


June. 


July. 


Ai«. Beiit <h.*i. 


>,.., 


2.20 


±W 


1 

^.40 1 *2.^ 


7.26 


]aB5 


s.oa 


1 

14,45 ' 7,m 


A. 00 


2.2IJ 


2.00 


.^4^^ 2. no 


T.SO 


U.30 


7,65 


12. S& 


Tk£0 


5.60 


^.2(» 


2,00 


s.a-i ' 2.m 


7.U0 


11.75 


7.10 


n.3fi 


au 


«L«0 


2.20 


1.90 


3.3* 1 2,*J 


a. m 


1L0& 


&.hh 


9.«. 


ii.a> 


SM 


2*20 


.1,90 


3.20 j.yo 


7.20 


12. 2D 


5.50 


8.115 \UM 


b,m 


2,30 


\,m 


a.:«> 3,05 


7.70 


n.m 


5.30 


i^.£o ;li.^ 


h.m 


2.20 


2, JO 


^.20 3;]l6 


o.t» 


12.(15 


4. SO 


7,» 


10.20 


BOO 


2.2U 


2.65 


3.30 


sai-i 


S.W 


13.20 


4.70 


7,45 


9.^ 


5. GO 


2.LD 


2.ft.'» 


X3» 


X80 


7.Bft 


13. W 


4.60 


t;.9o 


9.55 


r>.«w 


2,20 


a. i:> 


.1. 1<» 


3. Tn 


9.,^0 


14. to 


4.1*0 


l>.fiO 


8.70 


5,00 


'l.'M> 


a. 4" 


3,10 3, TO 


U.fiO 


i^;k> 


fl.40 


6. 10 


7. iSi 


^..■iO 


±•2^} 1 


a.is 


:t. 10 :t. 75 


9.20 


i6.au 


4.95 


ft. 20 


7.ti5 


xm 


2.20 


;i.20 


;mo ' a. 115 


H,,50 


lUi.N'i 


4.W 


4.70 


8.20 


5.70 i 


2.10 


a.tJO 


a. 10 1 4. 2i? 


7.>*0 


17.40 


4.8.=i 


■i.m 


9.75 


5.90 


2, Up 


xm 


3.W -l-EitT 


7.J^ 


I7.(ia 


4.HS> 


4.W3 


9.:to 


6.00 ' 


i.m 


:j.5*) 


3.10] 4.!M) 


7. 25 


115,6.^ 


4.^ 


4.^ 


S.Evt 


■kOO 


2.10 


w.-^ 


3. 10 4. 90 


6.90 


15.55 


1.70 


4.26 


7. 9lt 6. 10 1 


2.10 ' 3.10 


3. 05 4. 70 


6.70 


13.50 


4.6,5 


4.20 


7.:J5 6.40 ' 


2.10 


3.40 


3.00 ' 3.95 


6. 50 


11.50 


4.60 


4. 15 


6. 90 ! 6. 65 1 


2.00 


3. 40 


3.00 5. iO 


6. 45 


12. SO 


4.50 


4.10 


6.4S 


6.r^ 


2.00 


3. -M) 


3.00 1 5.70 


6. (W) 


10. 60 


5.15 


4.10 


6.05 


6.40 1 


2.00 


3.:i0 


3.00 1 r..20 


H. 80 


M.60 


5. .55 


4.30 


6.00 


6.20 i 


2. 10 


3.50 


3.00 6.70 


S. 45 


7.00 


('». 75 


,5.80 


5.90 


6.20 1 


2.10 


^.TpO 


3.W> HJ 


7.70 


7. 30 


6. r.o 


6.20 


5. 70 


6.20 ' 


2.10 


a. 40 


3.00 7^ 


7.15 


7.a'> 


6. 50 


6.40 


5.00 


6. 15 1 


2.00 


.140 


K.(iO K40 


6. 70 


7.00 


6..S5 


6.65 


5.60 


6.10 1 


2.00 


x:m 


X(i& U.45 


6. :i5 


7.W 


/. <•> 


6.90 


5.60 


6.05 1 


2.00 


3.30 


:t.oo 9.2.'. 


6.00 


6. SO 


S.OO 


8.30 


5. .50 


6.00 




8.^) 


b,00 7 60 


9.00 


6. 3.'S 


5.20 


8. SO 


5.40 6.00 




a.^Kj 


3.9.^ 5.0rt 


10. 70 


6.10 


S. h5 


7.90 


5.40 


,5.80 1 





a. so 


^ 


^.m 


( 


7. 15 


12.S5 




5. 40 





vELU] KANSAfl BIVEB DRAINAGE SABIN. 

RatiiHj tahle /(nr Sttlomfm River at XilfM^ Kaint,,Jhr 19*i^. 



107 





DiM'hiiiVf. 


hoiRhi. 


I 


Imrg(>. 


hJiglu. 


DiM'liHrKi*. 


li«>iK>it. 


I»iM«bMIX*'. 


yn(. 


Smrtttl-fffi. 


/W/. 


1 

' Smnui-fni. 


fWi. 


Str,mil/*rt. 


/>W. 


StntHii/trt. 


4.(» 


22 


7.4 




470 


10.8 


1,285 


14.5 


2, 375 


4.2 


:is 


7.fi 




512 


n.o 


l,:i37 


15.0 


2, 550 


4.4 


54 


7.8 




55(i 


11.2 


1,:W9 


10.0 


2, iKK) 


4.r, 


70 


S.O 




mK) ! 


11.4 


1,441 


17.0 


:\, 250 


4.S 


HH ' 


S.2 




640 


11.0 


1,49.J 


18.0 


3. (>00 


5.0 


102 


S.4 




(m , 


11.8 


1,547 ' 


19.0 


:i. 950 


.'). '1 


' 122 


8.li 




788 


12.0 


1,<H)4 


2<). 


4, .300 


.'>.4 


142 


S. H 




784 


12.2 


i,<k;:i 


21.0 


4. <>50 


5. ♦; 


1()2 


9.0 




8:{o 


12.4 


1,722 


22. 


5, 000 


.'). s 


H»2 


9.2 




880 


12.0 


1,782 


23. 


5, :{50 


»;. 


**22 


9.4 




9:u> 


12.8 


1,841 


24. 


5, 7(M) 


»i.l* 


252 


9. «> 




980 


13.0 


l,tHK) 


25. 9 


(>, 050 


t;.4 


2S2 


9.8 




, (KU) 


13. 2 


i,mio 


2t). 


0, 400 


»i. ti 


31«i 


10.0 




,080 


13.4 


2,020 


27. 


0, 800 


n.s 


:i52 


10.2 




,1:50 


13.0 


2, 080 


28. 


7, 22<) 


7.0 


:i90 


10.4 




,181 


13. 8 


2, 140 


2<). 


7. 730 


7.2 


4;w 


10.0 




,233 


14.0 


2, 2<X) 


'M). 


8. :;(H) 



h^hmited imnitJdy lilftcharge of Stilomon River at XHvn, A'«/m. 
[l>raliiaK<' area. 6,K15 f«iiiare mlk'?<.] 





Dlnrhai 


X*> ill MH'OIUI- 


ftHl. 

.M.-HII. 


Ttital in 
urn'-ftft. 


Ruii-<»IT. 

S4M'Olui-l«*«'t 1, 




Month. 


Maximum. 


Miiiimutii. 


>ti) in 
•lies. 


1902. 


1 












anuarv 


152 

142' 

207 


94 
102 


119 
101 


0,517 
0, t)08 
0,210 


0.02 
. 02 
.02 


0. 02 


<?bniarv 


.02 


Un-h..' 


.02 


pril 


'l52 


¥ 


89 


5, 2iH) 


.01 1 


.01 


(ay 


1.415 


:58 


285 


17,524 


.04 


.05 


aiM* 


«5, 155 


31(> 


1,392 


82,vS.30 


. 20 j 


.22 


aly 


7, (MO 


252 


2, 492 


153,227 


.37 1 


.43 


OgUMt 


2,375 


2iH) 


847 


52, (»S0 


. 12 


.14 


^■I>teiiil>er 


7,040 


132 


1,392 1 


82, s;;o 


.20 


22 


•eUilier 


7,780 


701 


2.203 1 


i;;9, 145 


.•'».» . 


:^s 


'WinlK»r 


855 


470 


tU)l 1 


35, IVA 


.09 


.10 


H?miiljer 


4140 
7,TS0 . 


:;i() 


402 : 

841 j 

1 


24, 7 IS 
012,749 


.VH> I 

i 


.QTi 


Thoyeur ' 


\,VV^ 



108 



BTRKAM XEASUREMKKTS IK 1902, PARI III. 



HALINE KIVEB NEAR 8ALIMA, KAN8. 



[mlH 



The station, established May 4, 18117, is located at a bridge 4.5 mikfl 
northeast of Salina, near the mouth of the river. The rod of the win 
gage is spiked to the floor of the bridge. Bench mark No. 1 is a uO 
in an elm tree 2 feet in diameter on the north side of the river and 6 
feet west of the bridge. Its elevation is 22.90 feet above gage datum. ' 
liench mark No. 2 is six nails driven into a 16-in<*h box -elder treeoi 
the noi'th side of the river and 35 east of the bridge. Its elevation v 
22.1K) feet alK)ve gage datmii. The channel is straight for a short 
distance alK>ve and Inflow the station. Both ^lanks are high and not 
liable to overflow. The be<l of the stream is sand and mud. The 
observ^or is Charlev Tressin. 



IHndutrtff ntffumn'meiUM of .Saline. Rhrr ttrtir Snliwfj AVifM. 



I>atf. 



1902. 



HydrogniplM'r. 



January «> \V. ( i. KuHHell. 

April:*) ' <lu 

May 11 1 do 

June 2 i do 

June 11 <lo 

July 2 i\o 

July 23 do 

Si»i>teni])er IM) do 

()<'to]K*r 2 do 

NovondHT 2V» do 



Gage 
helKlil. 


Iiif^'haige. 


AW. 


S^mdjfit 


4.00 


»M 


:l:^0 


23 


3.20 1 


2i 


4.70 


m 


o.so 


33t5 


17.40 


2,017 


4.80 


i;u 


24. 50 


3,822 


21. 10 , 


2,^ 


«. 10 


231 



IhtUij tjinfr height f iufftt, of Sdlim' Itirrr nnir Siilinaf Kaiu<. 



hny. 



I .In II. 





\W2. 




1... 




:i.70 






:i.7o 


4... 




:i.9i> 


- 




1 21) 


(', 




4.(K) 






4.(N» 


s... 




l.lo 


«.». . . 




1. 10 


10.. 




4. L»l» 


11.. 




l.OU 


l'-». . 




1.00 


i:t... 




4. 10 


14... 




l.M 



Vvh. 


Mar. 


Ai.r. 


Mhv. 


•Tiiih'. 


.Tuly. 


AUK. 


Sept. 


<K:t. 


Nov. 


IH-C. 


_.. . 










. 


_ 






... 





<") 


1.10 


:>. TiO 


:{. Ill 


:.. TO 


l.-...s«» 


: «i. 10 


9.00 


24. 50 


7.20 


6.10 


"4.10 


1 :.ii 


ni..ll|l 


;i. vj 


4. f*) 


ls.2t) 


r,.r.o 


W.-'iO 


20.90 


7.20 , 


i;.io 


I") 


I :'u 


%\^ 


ao 


1. "Jii 


2«>.-1> 


5.20 


12.00 


10. HO 


7.70 


liJO 


'•4.00 


U.JM) 


^fl.^l 


0,30 


4.:i«» 


2:i.:M» 


.-..00 


.H.OO 


15.30 


7.rt. 


.i.rt 


(") 


n.m 


:* 


m 


V». 10 


lt)..--> 


:.. ui 


7..'iO 


15.70 


7.20 


c;.i« 


«' 4. 00 


3,^ 


'A.VJ 


n.40 


12.00 


>.'.H» 


4.X4I 


Ci. (» 


15.00 


l.W 


G.l? 


""J 


3.™ 


3. CO 


:■ 3;: 


l.'..so 


7. '.11 


4.70 


Tk 20 


It;. 10 


«i.9»» 


.5.7 


"4.10 


s.yo 


t\.40 


U^^ 


Ic'i.lNl 


ll..'.l» 


1. t*l 


:». 90 


16.90 


G.70 


5.2> 


"4.10 


'JM 


n.u\ 


S.41* 


l;{.yii 


".». :a) 


:"). 70 


5.70 


1.5.00 


(I. HO 


.S.? 


«■") 


a. 70 


a.:* 


H.3I 


S.40 


1(1. 10 


r>. 2i» 


.-.. .Vl 


11.60 


«.70 


.V"' 


" 4. 'JO 


xm 


1.40 


:ljii 


•i.su 


10..^J 


7.20 


:>. :«) 


10.70 


«;. 70 


.5..^ 


l«) 


3.»0 


a^a 


a. 


s.2»i 


7.40 


y. .'K) 


5. 20 


10.00 


»i.tV0 


5.2 


" 4. 10 


;i.f4) 


n,50 


:4.3(^ 


7 :u» 


C. CO 


ri.00 


r..oo 


9..H) 


6.70 


f..t5 


(") 


Xm 


^:k.i 




7. 20 


G. CO 


7. 10 


o.OO 


10.70 


6. 70 


G.;f 








a Frozoii. 















KANSAS KIVKB DRAINAUB BA8IN. 



109 



IktUy giige height^ infeety of ScUirie River iiear tSalinHj Karm. — CV)Utinuwl. 



Day. 




Jan. 



4.00 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 


Feb. 

_ 

n4.10 
4.20 

(«) 
4.20 

(«) 

(«) 

O3.90 

03.60 


Mar. 


Apr. May. 

• 


Jiinu^ 


Jutj. 


Aug. 


Sept. 

4.90 
4.90 
4.90 
4.80 
4.80 
4.80 
4.70 
5.00 
1*2.00 
17.80 
17.50 
IK. 00 
19.60 
21.40 
23.40 
24.50 


<H-t. 


Nov. 

6.60 
6.60 
6.60 
«.40 
6,40 
6.40 
6.80 
6.30 
6.30 
6.30 
6.20 
6.30 
6.20 
6.20 
.6.10 
6.10 


l>e<'. 


1902. 


i.m 


3.40 


a, 10 

3.20 

a lu 

3.10 
S.20 
3.50 
4.00 
4.00 
3.50 
7.20 


12JU 
12.50 
13.50 
14.40 
11.00 
a 40 
itw 

14. ,% 
12.70 
7.90 
7. ha 


6.V0 6.20 
5.70 5.50 
^.40 5.00 
5.30 4.70 
b.m 5.20 
5. 10 5. 10 
4.80 5.30 
4,90 i 6.20 
4.80 1 10.00 
4, SO 14. 40 
4.70 14.00 
4.90 15.40 
4.80 16.70 
4.90 17.00 
4.70 10.00 
7.50 7.50 
6.40 6.90 


15.20 
17.10 
16.00 
10.80 
9.60 
9.10 
8.70 
8.40 
8. "20 
8.10 
7.90 
7.80 
7.70 
7.50 
7.40 
7.80 
7.20 


&25 




3. W S. 40 

3. 70 3, 50 

3. m a. m 

3. 40 a. 40 
3.«) Xm 
3.^ 3.40 

w m st.fvo 


6. 2D 




6.80 




6.20 




4.90 
4.50 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
4.10 

rt4.20 
(") 

«4.30 
(") 

(I .J (IQ 


5.90 






5.00 






5.80 






5.90 






3.80 1 3.50 3.40 


6.06 


I 




3.60 
3.60 


3.50 
!t.6n 


8.90 
S.90 
S.50 


5.95 


t 




5.90 






3.80 3.60 


7.M 6.80 
Ci,70| 6.80 

*). 70 1 13. 10 
7. a) . 13.70 
r.,H0 i 


6.10 


(.... 




3.90 3.60 3.40 

3.80 3.60 3.20 

.^.60 I S..« 


6.35 


{ 




5.85 


) 




5.70 


) 







3.60 3.10 
3.60 


5.60 
5.65 


I 




a4.10 









1 












oFroE 


en. 















Rating table for ScUiue River iiear SaliiMj Kantf.y for 190^. 



heijfhl. 


Diitcrharge. . 


Gage 
height. 


! Diiwharge. 


hei^t. 1 


Dineharge. i 


Gage 
height. 


' Diwhargi-. 

1 


Ffft. 


! Serond'/cei. 


Sectmd-Jett. j 


t\d. 


\ iitcand-fcct. 


8.2 


28 , 


6.8 


320 


10.4 


796 \ 


14.0 


1, 370 


3.4 


:u ' 


7.0 


' 340 


10.6 


824 


14.5 


1,460 


3.6 


41 


7.2 


j 364 


10.8 


852 1 


15.0 


1,550 


3.8 


50 


7.4 


388 


11.0 


880 ' 


15.5 


1 1,640 


4.0 


60 


7.6 


i 412 


11.2 


910 ' 


16.0 


1,730 


4.2 


70 1 


7.8 


! 436 


11.4 


940 j 


16.5 


1,820 


4.4 


80 : 


8.0 


1 460 


11.6 


970 


17.0 


, 1,910 


4.6 


100 


8.2 


488 


11.8 


1,000 ' 


17.5 


2,000 i 


4.8 


120 1 


8.4 


' 516 


12.0 


1,030 ' 


18.0 


' 2, OW 


5.0 


140 ' 


8.6 


1 544 


12. 2 


l,0tU , 


18. 5 


2, 180 

1 ' 1 


5.2 


160 


8.8 


' 572 


12.4 


1,0^)8 1 


19.0 


2, 270 


5.4 


180 


9.0 


1 600 


12.6 


1,132 


19. 5 


1 2,:^ 1 


5.6 


200 


9.2 


1 628 


i 12.8 


1,166 ' 


20. 


' 2, 450 


5.8 


220 


9.4 


1 656 


1 13.0 


1,200 1 


20. 5 


1 .,545 ' 


6.0 


240 


9.6 


j 684 


j 13. 2 


1,234 i 


21.0 


1 2,640 


6.2 


260 


9.8 


712 


1,268 


22. 


! 2,860 


6,4 


280 1 


10.0 


j 740 


1 13.6 


l,:i02 


23. 


3,170 1 


' 6.6 


300 , 


10.2 


768 


13.8 


1,336 


, 24.0 


3, 620 

1 



100 STREAM MEA8UBEMENT8 IN 1902, PART IH. 

URPUBLK^AN KIVER AT JUNCTION, KAN8. 

The gaging station at this point, established by Arthur P. I 
April 26, 1895, is located at the wagon bridge at the north ei 
Washington street just above the mouth of the river. The gag< 
8ist« of two oak timbers bolted to a post and to a cottonwood 
One bench mark consists of a 60-penny spike driven into the bi 
the abutment of the l)ridge at an elevation of 10.67 feet on the 
the second bench mark is the top of a stone in the base of the l 
abutment 18 feet south of the gage and at an elevation of 14:. 5 
above gage datum. The right bank is high, but the left is low anc 
overflow at high water. The bed of the stream is sandy and lia 
change. 

On October 23, 11)00, a new >)ench mark was established, at an < 
tion of 12.35 feetal)ove the zero of the ofd gage. It is a spike d 
in the west side of a cottonwood tree IS inches in diameter and 1 
west of the bridge. The spike is about 2 feet above the gr 
The observer is J. H. Rathert. 

Dischartjr iiifdHurenmitit of HepuHu^m River at JniwlUmy Karm. 
natr. Hydnvraphor. , y^^^^^ | Diw 



1^)2. >Vy-f. 

March i:; W. (r. KusHell 4. W 

April 2^^ do 'A. (>5 

May V.) do ". 5. 10 

June 5 do 4. 8() 

June Ki do o. 1() 

June IT) do 4. 8() 

July 7 do 7. 5o 

July S do 10.25 

.1 uly 1 ■> <lo rt. (>5 

Sej)t<'in]H'r 27 <!«» S. 50 



KAK8AS BIVEB DBAINAOE BASIN. 



Ill 



Daily gage heiglUy injeeij of Smoky IlUl River at EHinvorth^ Kniui. 



Day. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 

1.50 

1.40 

1.30 

1.20 

1.10 

1.10 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

.95 

.95 

.95 

.90 

.90 

.90 

til 

<■] 

85 

86 

'^ 

90 

J, 15 
l.OQ 

95 


" 

0.96 
.95 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.85 
.85 
.85 
.85 
.80 
.80 
.80 
.80 
.^f 

.m 

86 

IfHi 

80 

m 

80 


May. 

0,75 
.75 
.75 
.76 
.75 
.75 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 

.86 

.80 
.80 
.75 
.80 
.86 
.85 

2.20 
'i,00 

a. 06 

70 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.45 , 


June. 

1.30 
1.20 
1.20 
2.20 
1.70 
1.50 
1.30 
1.26 
1.20 
1.20 
1.15 
1.10 
3.00 
2.00 
1.70 
2.50 
2.30 
2.10 
2.10 
8.75 
5.50 
4.90 
6.00 
4. .'SO 
3,80 
3.50 
3.20 
3.00 
5.40 
5.00 


July. 

5.20 
4.60 
4.30 
3.90 
3.40 
3.00 
2.80 
3.80 
3.40 
3.00 
6.70 
5.60 
5.00 
4.50 
3.50 
2.70 
2.50- 
2.20 
2.00 
1.90 
1.80 
1.^ 
1.70 
1.65 
3,00 
2.60 
2.40 
2. 20 
2.00 
3.40 
3. 20 


Aug. 

1 

2.90 
2.75 
2.60 
2.50 
2,30 
2.10 
2.00 
2.25 

...» 

1.95 
1.80 
1.80 
1.75 
2.20 
2.00 
1.80 
1.60 
1.40 
1.30 
1.25 
3.80 
6.50 
8.30 
12.00 
6. .50 
5.00 
1.20 
3. .-H) 
3.30 
3.10 
3.80 


3.00 
2.80 
2.70 
2.60 
2.40 
2.30 
2.20 
2.00 
1.90 
1.85 
1.80 
1,70 
..70 
1.65 
1.60 
1.60 
1..5.5 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.65 
3.00 
12.60 
9.00 
7.80 
6. 20 
5. 20 
4.»K) 
3. IK) 


Ort. 

S.60 
3.40 
3.60 
4.10 
4.20 
4.00 
3.80 
3.50 
3.30 
3.10 
'2.90 
2,70 
2.50 
2.80 
3.00 
2.60 
2.60 
2.50 
2.35 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2. 15 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.95 
1.90 
1.8.% 
1.85 


Nov. 

1.80 
1.85 
1.86 
1.80 
1.80 
1. 75 
1.70 
1.60 
1.6.. 
1.55 
1.50 
1.60 
1.65 
1.70 

l.tis 

1.65 , 
l.(>5, 
1.60 
1.60 

1.60 : 

1.55 

1.50 
1.50 , 
1.45 
1.40, 
1.35 
1.30 
1.25 1 
1.25 

1 


]»«•. 


1902. 


al.20 
al.20 
fll.20 
<il.20 

» .90 
« .90 
a .90 
« .90 
« .90 
« .90 
« .90 
a .90 
:* .90 
n .90 
a .K5 
« .86 

« .85 

« .85 

.85 

.85 

.85 

.80 

.80 

.80 

« .80 

a. 80 

fl .80 

rt .80 

rt .80 

•» .80 

rt .80 


a0.80 

a .80 

n .80 

a .80 

a .80 

n .80 

'I .80 

a .80 

» .85 

« .85 

a .«.-> 

a .90 

« .90 

« .90 

a .90 

1 .95 

« .95 

«1.10 

al.20 

«1.20 

rtl.30 

"1.50 

1.10 

1.20 

1.20 

1.30 

1.50 

1.50 


1 25 




1.25 




1.20 




1.20 




1.20 




1.20 




1.20 




1.15 
1.15 




1.15 




1.15 




1.10 




1.10 




1.10 




1.20 




1.20 




1..D 




1.20 




i.:« 




1.40 
1.40 




1.30 




('«) 




(rt) 




1.40 

(") 




(♦n 

CM 




1") 
















«K 


iver frosen. 







Rating taUefor Smoky Hill Rit^ at Elitnvifrth, Kain^.^Jor KfOJ. 



'A. 


DiM'harKe. 


d. 


Scctjnd'fect. 


.6 


9 


.8 


17 


.0 


25 


.2 


55 


.4 


85 


.6 


125 


.S 


175 


:.() 


2:^5 


• •> 


310 


:.4 


395 



Gage 
height. 


l>i*4charKe. 


' Feei. 


Secmtd-feeL 


2.6 


485 


2.8 


575 


3.0 


675 


3.2 


780 


3.4 


900 


' 3.6 


1,020 


3.8 


1,140 


4.0 


1,260 


i ^.^' 


1,31K) 


1 4.4 


1,530 



Okko 
height. 



Fed. 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 



Diw'harKO. 

1,670 
1,810 
1,950 
2,ia5 
2, 2(50 
2,415 
2,570 
2, 725 
2,880 
3,035 



Onge 
height. 



Fnt. 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
8.0 
9.0 
10.0 
11.0 
12.0 



DifiK'harpt'. 



Sfi'trnd-ftri . 
3, IIH) 
3, 345 

3, 500 

4, 275 

5, a')0 
5, 825 
6,600 
7, 375 



102 STREAM MKASITRKMKNTS IN 1902, PART III. 

K'<thnalt'fl nitnithti/ (Vixehtirije nf Jlripultliciui Ji*nr at Jtnuiion^ Kail*. 
[Dm'MHKi' i,U':\ 2^,K-C s^jur.ro miles.] 



[NO.M. 



• i>fs<'hHrsr«* ill s*t'r)inl-fiH't. 



Run-off. 



Month. 



1902. 

January iM5 

February 1 , 425 

March 1.4K() 

April 1,207 

May 7, HOO 

June . . . ; S, 400 

July 2:M00 

AugUHt 11,7(X) 

Septt»niV)er 10, 500 

OctolKT 5,150 

Noveinlx^r 7S7 

DecemlxT 2, +43 

The voar 2:^,100 



limum. 


Mt*aii. 


TotHl in HiTi'- 
f«'<'t. 


Hofond-fift 
per stiiian* 
1 mile. 


Depth in 
inoht-i. 

t 


(iOO 


710 


43,656 


o.a3 


o.m 


7:i5 


775 


43, (Ml , 


.a3 


.(tt 


570 


887 


54, 5:w 


.m 


.fti 


510 


<k54 


38,916 


. o:? 


.«{ 


482 


2, 128 


1.30,846 


.08, 


.09 


l,2li0 


.{, X\H 


198,625 


.13 


.15 


S40 1 


7.887 


484, 953 


.:^ 


.ii 


2fi0 


2,040 


125,804 


.08 


.119 


88 


l,(i4<i 


97,944 


.06 


.07 


427 


1,430 


88,296 


.06 


.07 


400 


4J1 


28.026 


.02 


.02 


220 1 


422 


25,tH4 


.02 


.02 



88 



1,867 l,3(i0,590 



.9S 



UKPrHLlCAN ItlVKU AM) THK MILL RACK NKAK SUPERIOH, NKHK. 

Tills .station was cstahlisluHl rlunc 2n, iSiMI, about ono mile wost of 
Suj)iM*ior, Nobr. 'Vho old ^^lu^o rod was lirst placed just above th(* 
lii^hway bridtro, which is itself 75 yards above the dam which diverts 
water into the mill race. 

This «rH*!:e consists of an oak ])i( ci* -J })y 4 inches, 1() f(»ct lon*r. The 
face* is inclined 80d(»<,^r(M\s to the horizontal, and the footmarksare placed 
2 feet apart to corresj)ond to this inclinatioiL The rod is fastened to 
cross-ties which are liedded in thc^ bank of the river. The kx'ation if^ 
on tlu* outside of an easy IhmhI in th(» ri\(M-. The bed of the river i> 
of mud and sand. The top of the* rim of the u])stream <*ylinder of tlu* 
north pier is 15.4:^ feet abovi^ the zero of the ^^ii<^i\ Bem-h mark 2'^^ 
the standard 4-foot iron pi])e of tin* Tnited Stat«^s (leolotrical Surv<\v. 
Jt is s8 f(M't north of the uj)str(Mun cylind(M' of th(» north pier of the 
brid^ifeanil is lo f(»et west of th<^ line of the upstream tru.ssof the bridiT*"- 
it is 1 foot inside a wir(* fence Th(» top of the [)i])e is 4 indues alM)ve 
the ofround and the elevation is 4.SN fe(^t a])ove t^at'-c* datum. 

In the spring" of lsi»s two other <i*a<^es were (Established. The liv^^ 
g'atre was j)laced in the river a few feet uj>str(»am from the crest of th** 
dam. tlu* 'Aovo Ix'in^- at the samt^ elevation as the crest. The second *• 



intwELLj KANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 103 

in the mill race, which is crossed by a wagon bridge about 60 yards 
below its head. Discharge measurements of the river are made from 
the highway bridge, thus determining at once the discharge through 
the mill nu*e and from the dam. The discharge from the mill race is 
measured and is deducted from the total discharge of the river to give 
the amount passing over the dam. The bench mark for this river gage 
is liench mark No. 2 of the old giige des(Til>ed above. Its elevation is 
4.92 feet above the datum of the gage at the dam. The gage of the 
mill race reads 2 feet higher than that of the river gage, so that its 
zero is 0.(»2 feet l>elow the same bench mark. 

It Wiis found, however, that the discharge of the mill race was reg- 
ulated more or less by the nn'll below, so that there was no relation 
whatever l>et\ieen the gage height and the discharge. To remedy 
thi.-^ difficulty the olwerver records the depth of water in midstream 
at the wagon bridge and inunediately thereafter notes niunber of sec- 
onds required for a float to pass over a oO-foot range in midstream. 
The ratios of the time to the depth was found to bear a constant nAa 
tion to the discharge. 

During 1809 (xlenn E. Smith made an examitiation of a portion of 
the upper Kepublican River. On September T), 1899, at Oxford, 
^ehr., the river channel was dry and was n^ported to have heA\n in 
this condition for ten days. At Orleans, about 12 miles below, there 
was an estimated discharge of 0.3 second-foot — this small amount com- 
ing from Siippa River, which enters at this point. 

Di^harge menmirenieittn nf RepuHii*tin Hirer vffir Suju'rinr, Xehr.'^ 

HytlntgTHphvr. 



Date. 



I 



1902. 

March 16 i Frank Dob«on. 

Aprila J.C. Stevens.. 

May 24 Frank Dol)8on . 

July 8 J.C. Stevens. . 

July 30 do 

August 12 (1( » 

^4>tember 19 ' <!<» 





DiNohnrgi'. 


Fret. 


S*'cmut-/*(:t. 


0. 75 


t\26 


.70 


o:« 


1.80 


1,499 


(^0 


12,494 


1.25 


1, 562 


.78 


558 


.8i) 


154 



rtThene diflcharK<f« Inolnrlv that flowing in th«' mill niro. 
b Water out of hunks on lioth sulvs and ovor top of tnn^v nnl. 



104 STREAM MKA81TREMENT8 IN 1902, PART HI. t^*^ 

Di(n*hnrge ineaxurejiirtUn of mill rnce iwar Nw/xrior, Xelnr,*^ 



Date. 



Hydn»>rrH]»lMT 



Dis- I 
charge. 



I>aU>. 



Hydn>|frHplKT. 



15K)2. ' S*T.-/eit. 

Man^h 16 Frank Dolj«»ii ... 22 

April 5 J. C\ Stevens 54 

Mav 24 Frank DoVwon .... :\b 



1902. , 
July 30 ' J. C. Stevens., 



rhar) 



Auiriu^t 12 

September 19. 



do 

do 



nGuge hcightn ure not obson'vd. hut doptli of water In niicbitream and tbe time requirtnl fur u r 
to iiaw over a .'iO-foot range in raidstrc^am. the raticw of which &nt used instead of gage hoight«. 

Ihiily ga{fe height, in feet, of RepubHain River near SuperUrr, Neiir, 





Day. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


()Ct. 




- 


1 






— 












1 


1902. 




0. HO 1 
.80 , 
.71 
.7:?i 
.70 , 
.70 
.62 i 
. 56 
.,V> 

::■ 


o..'i<> 
..% 
.70 
.46 

.4y 

.90 
1.02 
1.15 

.75 


1.10 
1.00 

i.a5 

l.»2 
.9.5 , 
1.95 
1.90 
1.92 
1.4S 
l.W) 
1.12 


1.98 
2.32 
2.05 
1.30 
2.40 

C*) 
i^) 

if., 1 

3.50 
2.5.-. 


1.42 
1.20 
1.U5 
1.18 
.95 
.92 
.90 
.82 

.70 

.81 


0.70 
.68 
.(w5 ' 
.61 
.60 
.58 
. 52 
.;»» 
.45 
.42 ' 
.4s 


1.00 


* 1 

2 


^ 


3 --- 


ia5 


4 






1.19 

1.S5 

1.00 

.98 


5 






6 ... 






7.... 






8 




{a) 


.90 


9 




0. 90 


K9 


10. 




sr» 


.82 


11.... 




so 


.M8 


12.... 




so 


.7S 


. r.y 


1.00 


I.K8 


.70 


.40 


i.a-> 


13 




Xi) 




.so 
. 7s 


.95 
l.a-> 


1.92 
1.72 
1. 12 


. (12 

.80 

.78 


.32 
.31 
.U) 


1.45 


14. .. 




.x\ 


l.U^ 


Ih. . . . 




.7.-. 


.<■> 


16.... 




, 7.'» 


. I'.'J 


.70 


. s2 


i.:^o 


.♦,5 


.41 


. S'J 


17.... 




.70 


. fi-S 


.70 


.70 


1.15 


.<iO 


.:{2 


.'.19 


18.... 




. ,sr» 


. .1". 


.75 


. 5 


l.»W 


. 5 


.48 


.9».» 


19.... 




.so 


. ':;•_• 


1 . s'> 


l.:;.s 


l.H<l 


■'.2 


.34 


.91 


20. . . . 




fu 


. 70 


1 . ••.'.» 


l.JO 


1.10 


.51 


.:i5 


.s:? 


21 .... 




r)0 


. (W) 


i.r^i 


1.20 


1 . 05 


.rn) 


.40 


.7s 


22 




".'> 


. (;:i 


1.42 
1.20 

l.:io 


l.os 

• IK) 


1.0l> 
. '.»2 
1.0-J 


. 52 


1..S5 
3. 60 
2.32 


.70 


23 . 




-^ 


71 


24.. 




.::. 




2.=>. . . . 




_ . s 


. ul 


1 . .")••. 


. SJ 


1 . OS 


..'A» 


1.8(.» 


.70 


2ti.... 




. •>» 


. ■'»s 


1 . V'n 


. 7() 




..'HJ 


1.78 


.73 


27.... 




.si 


.<; 1 


i.y.) 


. <>>> 


:; •'.■> ' 


.i'>0 


1.3') 


.75 '■ 


2^.... 




. '.'7 


. .'x'» 


I.!-'. 


c... 


;'.. i»o , 


. 5s 


1.10 


.7.T '■ 


2y.. . 




-VJ 


. .'»<; 


1 . 7:^ 


_ 7.V 


1 . tio 


. 59 


1 . 05 


.72 


'Mi.... 




. s; 


• VJ , 


1.25 


1.10 


1.20 1 


(.7 


1.02 


.71 ' 


:i\. 




.M 




1.20 




1.70 


. t^'l 




. 71 1 



"OhstTvatioiis «lis<'(iininur«l from Jan. 1 to Mar. '.» jiimI <luriiiu iMMenilwr on necouiit < 
'' FI(kk1: wHlcr over to|» of K»«Ke. 



-mwwiLL] KANSAS BIVER DRAINAOE BASIN. 

lifUing table far RepuUiran Rirrr lurar Stijterior^ Xehr.^for 190^." 



105 



beigS^t. 


! I)i»c'h«ixe. 


height. 


DitM^haixe. ' 


heighi. 


, DiwImrKf. 

! j 


Gage 
heiKht. 


DiM'hanre. 


J\H. 


Stromi'/eti. 


Fret. 


Strond-/f*i. 


/w.. 


j Set^mii/tti. 


F'it. 


SrcoHd-/eet 


0.1 


45 


1.0 


850 


1.9 


2,780 '' 


2.8 


6, 155 


2 


95 


1.1 


1.010 ! 


2.0 


i 3,075 Ii 

3, m) 


2.9 


^\, <)30 


.:i 


15() 


1.2 


1,190 


2.1 


3.0 


7,125 


.4 


215 


i.:>> 


1,390 ' 


2.2 


3,725 ■ 


3.1 


7, 650 


. •'> 


2S5 


1.4 


1,610 , 


2.3 


4,080 l| 


3.2 


8, 195 


.») 


" :ttiO 


1.5 


1,840 


2.4 


4, 455 


3. 3 


S, 7«M) 


7 


460 


l.« 


2,085 


2.5 


4,850 


3.4 


9, :M5 


.s 


570 


1.7 


2,340 ; 


2.6 


, 5,265 ll 


3.5 


9,950 


.9 


690 


1.8 


2,505 


2.7 


' 5, 700 


3.6 


10, 575 



oThw Uibl« waM applied iiidiriM;tly tu'conling to thv incthtMl oiitliiUHl tm |nik(* -f^'i. N'iii<*tt*4Mith 
Anniul K(>{iort Tuitwl StHt4'fl OeoIogicMl Sun'ey. Part IV, aiul give* tho diMchargo orvr \hv dam, 
cxfliMv»jof that flowing in the mill race. 

FMiintitrd mont/dy diwhfirge of Repuhlirttu Rirer nrnr Suftfrior, Xehr. 
[I>rainag(' arva. '22,:447 sqiian* inikoi.] 



Month. 



IHm^hargo in Wironil-feet. 



KunH»fT. 



Maximum. Minimum. 



1902. 

Manh9to31 

April 740 

Mty 2,810 

June 3,2:i5 

July 12,490 

Aujfust 1,920 

SepU-mlH^r 10,875 

<H,!,or 1,995 

^'ovwiIkt 970 



:mo ! 
;m I 

320 I 
970 I 

:«o ' 

155 
520 I 
4(>() 



Mean. 



675 
555 
269 
372 
080 
()74 
175 
9.S7 
622 



Total in 

ll<Tt'-f0«'t. 



SiM'ond- 

feet fKT iH'ptli in 

S4iuari' iucht's. 

mik'. 



1, 

1, 

" 3, 



2t», 

7S, 
SI, 
1S9, 
41, 
69. 
•'>7, 
:^7. 



45:i 
020 
020 
640 

:m) 

440 
910 
610 
010 



0. 0.S 
. 02 
.(N> 

". 14 
. O.S 
. 05 
.04 

. o:j 



0.02 
.02 
.07 
.(»7 

". 16 
. 03 
.06 
. 05 

. o;{ 



" Kxdujtivt' of four days' 11«mm1 diMharvf. 



80IX)M()N klVKH AT MLKS, KANS. 



TIh* station at Niles was estahlisluHl Miiy .'>, isi>7, and is located at 
* ^>ridj(o oiio-half mile wost of i\w town and 7 miles above the mouth 
^^ the river. The hkI of the wii*e ^ag<* is s])ik<Hl to the floor of the 
*^ri(ijro. The iKMich mark is the uj)pei-most of thr(M» nails driven into 
^<'ottonw(K>d tree IS inches in diamet(M\ on {\uy north side of the river 
^^1(1 25 feet oast of the })ridj«f<\ at an eh^vation of 24. Im; feet alK)vejrji^o 



106 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[NO, 



datum. The channel Is straight for about 1(X) feet alwve and l)el 
the section. The current is sluggish; the right twink is high, and 1 
left bank overflows only at very high stages. The bed of the strei 
is muddy. 

The o]>server is ,J. J. Little. 

l>i*<'harge lufUitumtunU^ of Sttlouum R'nur at Sihn, Knn*. 
Date. HydrogranhtT. 

1902. 



Gage 
hei]<h(. 



Dijwliar 



I 



April 80 . . 
June 5 . . . 
June 26 . . 
July 3.... 
Ootolier 1 . 



4.50 

7. 20 

7.S0 

27.:iO 

.do 29.10 



W. G. Russell. 

do 

do 

do 



Ikiiiij f/age height^ in feet, of StAomon River at Xllen, Kann. 



Day. 



1902. 



Jan. 



' Feb. , Mar. 



Apr. , May. Juno. 



1... 
2... 



I 



9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15.. 

17., 
IS.. 
19.. 
2<J.. 



«4.90 
I .'». 00 

if) 

CO 

("■( 

I r>. 00 

(■".' 
I") I 

• 4.90 

(") ' 
15.00 I 



(a) I 

«5.00 

(") 
• 5. 30 

(") 
1 5. 10 



Ml) 

• 5. 00 

(««) 
' 5.10 

("1 

(a) 
« 5. 20 

1") 

(") 
« 5. 40 



k'A) m'.Mu 



2:r 

24. 



2.S. 
29. 
30. 



' 5. 00 

{") 

• 5. '20 

(") 
' 5. W 

('^.' 

• 5. (H) 



5. -lU 
•'). 20 



(") 
5. 10 
5. 00 
4.20 
4.30 
4. -20 
5. 70 
5. W 
5. 70 
5. 'A) 
5.:W) 
5.20 
5. 20 
5. (K) 
4.W 
4.S() 

4. .s(i 

5. W 
J. 70 
J. 70 
4. 70 

4. SI) 
5.00 
l.W 
i.W 

5. (N» 
l.W 

4. HO 

5. (H) 
4.70 
1.80 



4.60 
5.50 
5.30 
5.20 
5. 10 
4.«K) 
4. SO 
4.70 
4.00 
4.70 
4.90 
4.90 
4. SO 
4.70 
4.90 
J. 90 
1.70 
4.W 
4.90 
4. W 
4. 00 
4.70 
4. SO 
1.70 
l.so 
4.>M> 
4. HO 
4. SO 
1.40 
4. 00 



4.(10 

4. SO 
4.70 
i.70| 
4.tiO I 
4..'iO ' 
4. 00 

4.:m) 

4.50 

4. no 

1.00 

1.70 , 

4.«0 

4.60 

l.ai 

1.70 

l.(iO 

Li]0 

4.20 

4.70 

4. (Mi 

5.00 



;>. SO 
7. so 
7. 00 
7. 10 

il.:to 

1 HJO 
9. 10 

10.00 
S.40 



July. Aug. 1 Sept. , (Vt. Nov. D 



9.10 
7.70 
G.OO 
10.70 
7.00 I 

'••"I 

9. SO 
10.00 I 
14.50 'j 
11.00 I 
10.40 ! 

9.40 '. 

S. 20 j 
12.40 I 

7.K(» 

7.40 I 

S. SO ' 
11. (HI 
12. 10 

s. 70 

12. :m) 

14.«10 
12.10 

ii.:io 

9. ."lO 
S. 10 
7.10 
7.00 
20. (K) 
25. :U) i 



I :.' 



20. 10 
27. (H) 
27.30 
5. SO 
21.70 

i7.r»o 
i:i.4o 

11. 3J 
17. 10 

2i.:io 

22. 10 
21. U) 

20. :m» 
10.s(» 
9. 2l> 

s. so 
^.00 
7. .'H» 

7. :•.(» 
7.00 
Ji. K) 
•J. W 
0. 10 

0. :{o 
•;. t\o 
«;. .')<» 
f.. :«) 
•;. 20 

0. CO 
17.90 
•JO. 20 



14.50 
10.00 , 
10.00 

7.90 
7.70 

7.:w ' 

7.00 

«.70, 

r». 70 

14.50 I 
14.00 I 
11.70 ' 

9. .V.I 
10.30 i 
10.70 

S.70 

7.70 

7. :u) 

7. (K) 
0. .'lO 
7.70 
S.(U} 
s.OO 
7.70 
S.OO 
7. W 
s. 10 
10. 10 
s. 40 
7. 20 
s.i\> . 



S.40 I 
9.00 
9.70 I 
9.10 
7.50 ' 
0. Si> 
0. 40 
0. fo 
O.SO ' 
6.-20 , 
5. SO 
5..'»0 ! 
5. .V> 
5. 00 
5. (H) 

5. :a) 

5. {'M 
5. 00 
5. 40 

5. :u) 
5.:«) 

5. 40 
5. 30 
11.30 
IS. 20 
•>2.W 
•22. 70 
24.00 
25. IH) , 
27. TK) 



29. 10 
2S. 50 
14.70 
13. 50 
13.90 
10. 90 
17. W 
is. 10 
10.00 
11.20 
V2.-M) 
11. :w 
14.:{t» 
17.:^ 

10. SO 

10. 10 

1 1. 40 
12.20 
14.40 
10. 50 
10.3J> 
10. W 

9. SJ) 
9. 00 
9.rX) 
9. M) 
9. W 

9.:«> 

9. 10 
8. SO 
S. 70 



s.70 

S. (lit 

s. so 
9.10 
.s. 0(1 
s.40 

s. :io 

.S. -211 
S. -20 
S.llt 
•S 10 
S. 10 
s. 10 
s.lO 
S.IO 
S.lO 
7. so 
7. .SO 
7. SO 
7. SO 
7.70 
7.70 
7. (lO 
7.50 
7. 50 
7.50 
7.40 
7.40 
7.40 
7.40 



'« Fro/fH. 



riLL.] 



KANSAS RIVBB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



107 



Hating ttiNe for Soiomfm Rirer ai AV/ri^, A7i»iK.,/r>r JS^^S. 



hrijfht. 


I»iNrhiiiX('. , 
S*T*m4i-frt1. 


GaKC 
heiKnt. 


: l>iM>liarg(*. 

i 


OaKO 
height. 


DiMhurKt'. 
1 StTomdftei. 


hoiKlit. 
Ft^i. 


niMhHixo. 


hit. 


/brf. 


/M. 


Srntful/fTl. 


4.0 


22 


7.4 


1 


470 


10.8 


1,285 


14.5 


2, 375 


4.2 


:w 


7.6 




512 ' 


11.0 


i,3:{7 


15.0 


2, 550 


4.4 


54 


7.8 




55(5 


11.2 


1,:W9 


1(5.0 


2,900 


4. ft 


70 


8.0 




mo 


11.4 


1,441 


17.0 


3, 250 


4.S 


86 


8.2 




646 


11.6 


1,49.; 


18.0 


:i, (>00 


5.0 


1 1<^-' 


8.4 




(»92 , 


11.8 


1,547 


19.0 


:i, 950 


'). "J 


122 


8.6 


1 


7:^ 


12.0 


1,(504 


20. 


4,:joo 


:>.4 


' 142 


8.8 




784 


12.2 


l,(i<U 


21.0 


4,r»50 


5.1) 


1H2 


9.0 




KiO 


12.4 


1, 722 


22. 


5, 000 


5. S 


HI2 


9.2 




880 


12,6 


1,782 


23. 


5, :^->o 


(1. 


222 


9.4 




9.*^ 


12.8 


1,841 


24.0 


5, 700 


♦5. "J 


252 


9.6 




980 


13.0 


l,iK)0 


25. 


6, 050 


♦1.4 


282 


9.8 




,a'M) 


13. 2 


1,960 


2(). 


ti, 400 


♦i.t; 


316 


10.0 




,080 


13.4 


2, 020 


27. 


6, HOO 


(i.S 


i :i52 


10.2 




,130 ' 


13. 6 


2,08() 


28. 


7, 220 


7.0 


390 


10.4 




,181 


13.8 


2, 140 


2*>.0 


7, 7:>0 


7.2 


1 430 

1 


10.6 

1 


i . 


,2:^3 


14.0 


2,200 


M). 


s,;i(K) 



KitfhnfUed mtmOdij dMuirge of SoUmuni River at Xiifn, Kum. 
[Drainage area, 6,M5 square milcM.] 



I>iiicharKo in Mccond-fet't. 



Kuii-4inr. 



1902. 

uinary 

fbniary 

anh 

pril 

ay 

inc 

ily 

ugu«t 

^pteinlHT . . . 

HoUt 

'OvwuIht . . . 
HfcemWr ... 



Maximum. 


Minimum. 


152 


94 


142 


102 


207 


38 


•l52 


¥ 


' 1,415 


:^H 


li, 155 


316 


7,0*0 


252 


2, 375 


299 


7,040 


132 


7,780 


761 


855 


470 


4m) 


316 



TheN 



780 



38 



10() 

119 

101 

89 

285 

1,392 

2, 492 

847 

1 , :V.V2 

1, 2(»3 

<)()I 

402 

841 



Total in 
u<T»*-f»*<'l. So«'on« 

JHT W 

mi 



6,517 

6, ()()8 

6,210 

5, 29() 

17,524 

82, 8:{0 

153,227 

52, OSO 

.s2, h:;o 
i;;9, 145 

.'»5, 76-4 
24,718 

612,749 



liar*' 



ik'pth in 
iiu'hos. 



». 02 


0. 02 


.02 


.02 


.02 


.02 


.01 


.01 


.04 


.a') 


.20 


. 22 


. 37 


.43 


. 12 


.14 


.20 


22 


. ;53 


38 


.09 


.10 


.06 


.07 


.12 


l.(i8 



108 



STBKAIC MEASUREMENTS IK 19Q2, PART III. 



SALINE KIVEK NEAR SALINA, KANS. 



[XO.M. 



The station, established May 4, 1897, is located at a bridge 4.5 miles 
northeast of Salina, near the mouth of the river. The rod of the wire 
gage is spiked to the floor of the bridge. Bench mark No. 1 is a ntil 
in an elm tree 2 feet in diameter on the north side of the river and 6 
feet west of the bridge. Its elevation is 22.90 feet above gage datum 
Bench mark No. 2 is six nails driven into a 16-inch box-elder tree on 
the north side of the river and 35 east of the bridge. Its elevation b 
22.90 feet above gage datum. The channel is straight for a short 
distance alK)ve and below the station. Both banks are high and not 
liable to overflow. The bed of the stream is sand and mud. The 
observer is Charley Tressin. 



Dixtchiinje niecumrenieiUn of >ialine Riv^r near Snihutj Kaiu. 



ly&Ui. 



Hydrographor. 



1902. 



January 6 \V. (i. KusHell . 

April 30 1 do 

May 11 ' do 

June 2 ' do 

June II , do 

July 2 <lo 

July 23 ' do 

Septeml)er 30 do 

Octolx»r 2 do 

Novend><»r 2V) do 



Ga^e 
height. 



FcfL 
4.00 

3.;w 

3. 20 I 

4. 70 
(>.80 ; 

17.40 

4.80 : 

24. 50 I 

21. 10 I 

(i. 10 I 



I>LHcbai9P. 
Srrtmd-frit 

22 

24 
lid 

2,017 

i:n 

3,822 

2,(jt>4 

231 



Ikiili/ (jttijr hei(j}Uy //t/rv/, of Salirw Rircr nnir SnJinaj Katus. 



Dny. 



I Jan. Feb. i Mar. Ai»r. MHy.'junt'. July, i Aug. , Sept. (H't. i Nov. Ih-v. 



1 ;i.70 

- , ^'■■» 

:i .S.80 

4 ' :i.90 

5 ' 4.20 

f. ! 4.W) 

7 ' 4.(M) 

S I 4.1U 

y.. 1 4. lU 

10 ' 4.L»0 

11 j 4.00 

12 1 1.00 

i:? I 4. 1(1 

14 I 4. JO 



(") 
'14.10 

(") 
"4.00 

(") 
<• J. 00 

f") 

"4.10 
'•4.10 

(") 
<i 4. 20 

(«) 
" 1.10 

I") 



4.10 
4.:'jj 

3.70 

•Aim 



I 



"r 



3.1-0 

X ID 

a. Ml 



3. 4u 
SI. lo 

4i\ 
■HI 

R. 4iJ 



.70 j 
A'A) , 

.20 

I 
.*» 

I 
. 10 

.00 

.so 

i. W 

.IK» 

.40 

..SO 

. 20 

30 

20 



].')..S0 


1 (1. 10 


IS. 20 


O.50 


20. 20 


.\20 


21). ;io 


:..oo 


!(»..-,<. 


r).oo 


S.'.Ht 


4.80 


7.'.'0 


4.70 


li.:»o 


i.a> 


*». .'•0 


:>. 70 


10. 10 


:\ 20 


10. .^) 


7.20 


7.40 


^J. ;>o 


C. ;.V.» 


r2.oo 


G.OO 


7. 10 



9.00 



1^.50 , 
12.00 i 
H.iiO i 
T.fiO 

(1.20 ' 
.\90 ' 
5.70 ! 

r..5o I 
:).30 ' 

r>.20 I 

.voo . 

A.OO I 



24. 50 
20.90 
10. W 
15. 3t) 
15.70 
15.00 

ir.. 10 

16.90 
15.00 
11.60 
10.70 
10.00 
9.(50 
10.70 



7. 20 
7. 20 
7.70 
7. (W 
7. 20 
7.W> 
('». W 
C. 70 
ti.W 
6. 70 
(1. 70 
6. CO 
(►. 70 
6. 70 



6.10 

6.0O 

5.70 
5.50 
IS.* 
5. It 



« Frozen. 



KANSAS Biy£R DRAINAUE BAtilM. 



109 



Jkiily ijiige heigJU, in feet, of Saline River netir ♦So/twa, Karm, — ('ontinuwl. 



Day. 


J.n. 

4.00 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.30 
4.50 
4.00 
4.00 


Feb. j Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. 

6.00 
5.70 
5.40 
5.30 
5.10 
5.10 
4.80 
4.90 
4.80 
4.80 
4.70 
4.90 
4.80 
4.90 
4.70 
7.50 
6.40 


Aug. i 

1 


1902. 


«4.10 
a4.20 

(") 
n4.20 


8.60 


3.40 


8.10 
3.20 
3.20 
3.10 
8.10 
3.20 
8.50 
4.00 
4.00 
8.50 
7.20 
7.60 
6.70 
7.00 
9.70 
7.20 
5.80 


12. 10 

12,60 

13.60 

14.40 

11.00 

8.40 

14.90 

14.50 

12.70 

7.90 

7.50 

6.80 

6.30 

6.30 

13.10 

13.70 


6.20 




8.60 3.40 
3.70 3.50 
3.60 3.40 


5.50 
5.00 
4.70 
5.20 








(a) 3.40 3.40 

(n) 1 3.60 3.30 

n3.90 1 3.50 | 8.40 

aS.fiO 1 3.40 S.50 


1 


5.10 1 




5.30 1 




6.20 , 




4.00 ' 3.80 1 3.50 3.40 
4.00 1 3.60 ; 3.50 8.80 
4.10 1 3.60 1 8.60 1 8.80 
ni.'M 3.80 '3.60 8.50 
(a) S.90 i S.fiO 3.40 


10.00 
14.40 
14.00 
15.10 
16.70 
17.00 
10.00 
7.50 
6.90 








14.30 

(") 
« 1 00 


3.H0 1 3.60 ; 3.20 

' 3.60 1 8.30 

3 go i 4 in 




a 4. 10 


a 60 






' i 







<)et. I Nov. IHh'. 



4.90 I 
4.90, 
4.90 
4.80 ' 
4.80 
4.H0 I 
4.70 
5.00 ' 
12.00 I 
17.80 
17.50 
IX. 00 I 
19.60 
21.40 
23.40 
24.50 



15. 20 
17.10 
16.00 
10.80 
9.60 
9.10 
K.70 
8.40 
8.20 
8.10 
7.90 
7.80 
7.70 
7.50 
7.40 
7.30 
7.20 



6.60 

6.60 
! 6.60 

6.40 
i 6.40 
I 6.40 
; 6.30 
I 6.30 

6.30 
' 6.30 
I 6.20 
i 6.30 
i 6.20 

6.20 
i -6. 10 

I 6.10 

I 



&25 
6.20 
6.30 
6.20 
5.90 
5.60 
5.80 
5.90 
6.05 
5.95 
5.90 
6.10 
6.35 
5.85 
5.70 
5.60 
5.65 



aVroxo.n. 



Ratiruj table for Saline River iieAir Salimiy Aow^., for J90i. 



iKight. 


Discharge. 

_ _ ll 


Gage 
height. 


' Discharge. | 


hSgSt. 


Di«-haTge. ,' 

11 


Gage 
height. 


DitKrhargi*. 


h\d. 


Saymfl/fet. 


/W<. 


i Second/eet. 


Fed. 


Srctmd/ett. , 


/Vrf. 


Stamd'/cct. 


XI 


28 , 


6.8 


320 


10.4 


796 ii 


14.0 


1,370 


\\A 


M 


7.0 


' 340 1 


10.6 


824 •' 


14.5 


1,460 


:i.6 


**^ 1 


7.2 


f 364 


10.8 


852 i' 


15.0 


1,550 


3.8 


50 


7.4 


:«8 ' 


11.0 


880 '' 


15.5 


1,<)40 


4.0 


60 ' 


7.6 


412 ! 


11.2 


910 'I 


16.0 


l,7'M) 


4.2 


70 


7.8 


4;^6 


11.4 


940 || 


16.5 


1,820 


4.4 


80 


8.0 


460 


11.6 


970 ' 


17.0 


1,910 


4.t> 


100 
120 1 


8.2 


1 488 


11.8 


1,000 , 


17.5 


2,000 


4.8 


8.4 


; 516 


12.0 


1, 030 


18.0 


2, 090 


5.0 


140 ' 


8.6 


1 544 


12.2 


1,064 ' 


18.5 


; -^ IHO 


o.U 


160 , 


8.8 


! 572 


12.4 


1,09S 1 


li).0 


2, 270 


5.4 


180 1 


9.0 


1 600 


12.6 


1, 132 ^, 


111.5 


1 2, 360 


5.« 


200 


9.2 


1 628 


j 12. 8 


1,166 , 


20. 


; 1>,450 


5.8 


220 


9.4 


1 656 


! 13.0 


1,200 ' 


20. 5 


2,545 


6.0 


240 1 


9.6 


\ 684 


' 13. 2 


i,2;u . 


21.0 


1 2,640 


6.2 


280 ' 


9.8 


712 


' 13.4 


1.268 


22. 


! 2. 860 


6.4 


280 


10.0 


' 740 


' 13.6 


1,302 , 


23. 


1 3,170 


6.6 


:i00 


10.2 


' 768 


1 IXH 


1,336 ,, 


24.0 


3,620 



110 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 19U2, PART III. 



FM'nntitejl mouUdy dMutnje. of Saline River uenr Sidinn, Katuf. 
(DraiimKi' tircH. 3.311 H|imn.' inilcM.) 



Month. 



I 



DiMcliaixe in HCiiMul-ffol. 



RlHH.ff. 



1902. 
January 

Febrnan- 

Mart'h 

April 

May 

June 

July 

AugUHt 

SeptenilK»r 

October , 

Nc)venil>er 

Deceml>er , 

The vear . 



ciniuin. 


Minimum. 


Miiin. 


ToUil in 
1 aiTc-feot. 


1 

' SotMHUl-flft 

iwr s<iiiare 
mile. 


W 


45 


♦>4 


8, 9.85 


(I.0I9 


70 


41 


HO 


8, :{.82 


.018 


75 


M 


45 


2, 7«7 


.014 


-*1| 


25 


;i5 


2, 08:^ 


.011 


rt98 1 


25 


112 


<i,88H 


.0.84 


1,892 


70 


792 


47,127 


. 289 


2,507 . 


110 


(i21 


88, 184 


.188 


1,910 


1(H) 


512 


81,482 


.155 


8,920 


110 


874 


52,007 


,264 


a, 920 


8H4 


1,089 


«>«, 960 


.829 


424 


250 


m5 


18,159 


.(»92 


275 


190 ■ 


2;u 


14, 888 

1 


.071 


8,920 


25 


895 


287, 810 


.120 



SMOKY HHJ. KIVKK AT KT.LSWOKTH, KANS. 

The K^^'ing station, pstal)lislHHl April 17, 1S1C>, i.s located a 
higliway bridge on Douglass aveniu*. Ellsworth, Kans. Tiie gii 
an inclined ash timber spiked to a post driven in the bed of tin* 
and bolted to an iron post on the bridg(» pier. The bench mart 
nail driven into the base of a larg** box-eldei* tn^e near the* sout 
comer of the bridge, IMI fe(»t from the gage, and its elevation is 
feet above the zero of the gage. A slope gage is spiked to th 
Louis and San Francisco Railroad bridge 2,yM) feet upstream, a 
referred to the same datum. The channel is nearly stmight abov< 
below the gage, and the bed is sandy and shifting. The ol)ser\ 
Thomas Coyne. 

])isr}nir[li' inniHurenirntH nj Smftki/ Jll/f llirrr ill K//.strnr(h, Knn.«. 



H\<ln)k'nt|»lirr. 



1902. 



I 



March 27 W. < J. Kussrll . . 

June 28 «lo 

.June 24 <lo 

Au^nist IS <lu 

Aujrust 28 (\n 





Di- 


Ffff. 


Stty 


l.(K) 




t\ 20 




4. 50 




1.40 




8.50 





CVELL.] 



KANSAS RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



Ill 



IkUly fjiige height, in/eet^ of Smoky HiU Nicer at Elhsu^rth, Kam. 



Day. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


(Kt. 


Nov. 


!>«•. 


1«2. 
























L 


al.20 


a0.80 


1.50 


0.96 


0.75 


1.30 ' 5.20 


2.90 


3.00 


3.60 


1.80 


1.25 


2 


«1.20 


a .80 


1.40 


.95 


.76 


1.20 , 4.60 


2.75 


1 2.80 


3.40 


1.85 


1.25 


J 


al.20 


« .80 


1.30 


.90 


.75 


1.20 4.30 


2.60 


2.70 


3.60 


1.85 


1.20 


1 


«1.20 


a .80 


1.20 


.90 


.76 


2.20 ' 3.90 


2.50 


1 2.60 


4.10 


1.80 


1.20 


S 


« .90 


« .80 


1.10 


.90 


.75 


1.70 3.40 


2.30 


2.40 


4.20 


1.80 


1.20 


5 


« .90 
n .90 


« .80 
c. .80 


1.10 
1.00 


.90 
.90 


.75 
.70 


\.H) 3.00 
1.30 2.80 


2.10 
2.00 


2.30 
I 2.20 


4.00 
3.80 


1.75 
1.70 


1 20 


'i 


1.20 


) 


« .90 a .80 


1.00 


.85 


.70 


1.'28 3.80 


2.25 


1 2.00 


3.50 


1.60 


1.16 


) 


a . 90 « .8.5 


1.00 


.85 


.70 


1.20 3.40 


2.20 


1 1.90 


3.30 


1.60 


1.15 


\ 


« .90 


« .85 


.95 


.85 


.70 


1.20 3.00 


1.95 


1.86 


3.10 


1.55 


1.15 




fl .90 


a .85 


.95 


.85 


.70 


1.15 ; «.70 


1.80 


1.80 


'2.90 


1.50 


1.15 




a .90 


a .90 


.95 


.80 


.70 


1.10 5.60 


1.80 


1.70 


2.70 


l.tH) 


1.10 




» .90 


« .90 


.90 


.80 


.70 


3.00 5.00 


1.75 1 1.70 


2.50 


i.(y> 


1.10 




« .90 « .90 


.90 


.80 


.85 


2. 00 4. 50 


2.20 


l.(V5 


'2.80 


1.70 


1.10 





a .85 a .90 


.90 


.80 


.80 


1.70 3.50 


2.00 


1.60 


3.00 


1.115 


1.'20 




n .86 « .95 


W 


m 


.80 


2,50 2.70 


1.80 


\.m 


2.60 


1.65 . 


l.'JO 


;_ 


« .85 •« .95 


H5 


m 


.75 


2.30 2.50- 


1.60 


1.55 


'2.60 


1. 65 , 


l.-.O 




a .85 rtl.lO 


HTi 


m 


.80 


2.10 2. '20 


1.40 


1.50 


'2.50 


1.60 


1.-20 




.85 nl.20 


^ 


♦ SO 


.85' 


2.10 2.00 


1.30 


1.50 


2.35 


1.<X) 


l.:iO 




.85 «1.20 


85 


75 


.85 


8.75 1.90 


l.i5 


IJiQ 


•2.30 


1.60 , 


1.40 




.86 «1.30 


W 


7.1 


\.m 


5.50 1.80 


3.80 


1..50 


2.20 


1.55 


1.^0 




.80 ol.SO 


90 


.^J 


2. 'JO 


4.90 1.80 


6.50 


1.05 


2. -20 


1.55 


i.:w 


... 


.80 ; 1.10 


W 


.¥£^ 


2.^ 


6.00 1.70 


8.30 


3.00 


•2.15 


1.50 


1") 




.80 1.20 


^ 


.fl^ 


%.m 


4.50 l.r»5 


12.00 


12.60 


•2.10 


X.HS , 


(") 




« .80 1.20 


^ 


.NO 


r» 


3.80 3.00 


6.50 


9.00 


2.00 


1.45 


1.40 




a .80 1 1.30 


^J. l.'i 


.80 


X0& 


3.50 2.60 


5.00 


7.80 


•2.00 


1.40 


(".» 




a .80 ' 1..W 


1.00 


80 


1.70 


3.20 2.40 


1.20 


6.20 


•2.00 


i.;^5' 


(") 




a .80 1.50 


LW 


,Mi) 


1.50 


3.00 2.20 


3.50 


5. 20 


1.95 


1.30 


CO 




a .80 

«« .HO 

fl .80 


95 
9A 


BO 


1.50 
1.50 
1.45 1 


5.40 2.00 
5.00 ; 3.40 

1 3.2») 

1 


3.30 
3.10 
3.80 


4.60 
3.90 


1.90 
1.8.5 
1.85 


1.-25 1 
1.'25 ! 


(1) 




('<) 




(") 










'« River froxeii. 









RatiiKj lalAefor Snwky Hill River at Elhuxtrth, k'ann.,for 1(H) J 



hirih^u 


Dim-harge. 


Gage 
height. 


l)I?»oharge. 


Frtt 


Secottd-fcrt. 


Feet. 


Sewttd-/eeL 


(U 


9 


2.6 


485 


0.8 


17 


2.8 


575 


1.0 


25 


3.0 


675 


1.2 


55 ' 


3.2 


780 


1.4 


85 ; 


3.4 


900 


1.6 


125 


3.6 


1,020 


1.8 


175 


3.8 


1,140 


10 


235 


4.0 


1,260 


2. 2 


310 


4.2 


1,390 


2.4 


395 1 


4.4 


1,530 



Gage 
height. 

Fed. 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 



l)i«"harge. 

Sccand-fftf. 
1,670 
1,810 
1,950 

2, ia5 

2,260 
2, 415 
2, 570 
2, 725 
2,880 
3,035 



^^ , Di^'harK.. 



Fat. 


1 S*nmd-/trt. 


6.6 


1 3, VM) 


6.8 


3, ;^5 


7.0 


1 3, 500 


s.o 


1 4, 275 


9.0 


5, 050 


10.0 


' 5, 825 


11.0 


6,60() 


12.0 


; 7,375 



112 STREAM MKASITKKMKNTS IN 1902, PART III. 

hlKtimnU'd monthhj tlij*rhnrf;i' of Sntok't/ liiU Hirer at Ktlmitnihy 
[Dmiiiii^i' aitrn, T.liHO Miimn' inil<>N. ] 



A'attf. 



DlwhnrK*' in HiM'ond-fet't. 



Uuin)!!. 



Month. 



1^K)2. 

Jaiumry 

Febniary 

Man!h 

April 

May 

Juii<» 

July 

AiijriiHt 

Septeinln^r 

, ()ft<»lx*r 

NovenilHT 

Dei'emlHT 

T\\v veur 



Maximiiin. Mininuiiu. ; Mi>nu. 



' Total ill niTc- , 

feet. Sti-ond-fwt 

per muan* 
inilc. 



55 
100 

7(H) 
4, >^yiS 
\\, 2<i7 

7, :^7r> 

7, «40 

i,;i<M) 

187 
So 

7, H40 



17 
17 

n) 

15 

18 ; 

40 

137 1 
(i2 ' 

100 I 
1S7 I 

iV> 

40 

18 



24 I 

I 

;w 

89 I 

IS i 
S7 1 
S21 

s<n 

1,021 

i,o;i-{ 

5SS 
125 
(>4 



\hv 



1,475 

2,110 

2, 898 

1.071 

5, M^ 

4S, a58 

54, 785 

()2, 779 

01,468 

:i6, 155 

7,488 

8, 9:^ 



\m\ , 287,810 



0. oa8 

.IK)5 
.005 
. (K)2 
.011 
. 108 
.112 
.128 
.130 
.074 
. OUJ 
.008 

.050 



MiHrt-lhint inis nn osiiri'mrnls In Kdnyos liirrr iltninttf/f htfsin in \t'hnisk'(i. 
(M.ul.-l.y .1. c. st..v.-ii,s. H. K. K..rJ«N. H. o. Smith. Frank DoUsoii.] 



Cn-tf 



<1( 



I)fit<-. StrraiM. I^K'Mllty. 

V.HYJ. 

April .'> HIuc lvi\t'r Seward 

April IS .In 

Do .In 

.S'ptt'inlu'r P) tin 

July 2 Crnnkf.l (Ycrk 

June 10 ( '<'nt«T CnM-k 

Do (I,. 

A]>ril 2'> Frciiclnnaii Ki\»*i- ( 'ullM'itsnii 

June 18 .].> ImhUts 

Scptomhcr IS d CnllHTtsoii 

June 10 L<»st Crrck Src. 10. T. 1. K. 15 W 

April 2.') Kcpublir^iii (ullKTtsnn 

April 20 «ln Ives 

Do «lo Strattnii 

Do .lo llai^lrr 

April 27 tlo Oxtonl 



\\'}iiion' 

S(v. 1,T. 1,K. 11 \V. 
S.M-. :;«i.T. 2, K. 15 W 
S,v. 7,T. 1. K. 15 W. 



"miLj ARKANSAS RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 113 

^Rtcelliinemuf ineojsuranenis in Kansas River drainage Umn in Nelyraskn — Contiiiue<l. 



Date. 



Stream. 



Locality. 



Dis- 
charge. 



1902. 
April 27 ! Republican McCook . 

June 10 do Franklin 

June 12 do Benklemaii . 

September 17 ' do Oxford . 

Do do ^IcCook 

Do do j Benkleman . 

September 18 do Culbertson . 

June 12 ' Republican, Soutb Fork. . . ' State Line . . 

Septemlier 17 do Benkleman . 

April26 Rock Creek ' Ives 



nc.'/cct. 

1.37 
743 

:i5 

37 

29 

45 

41 

32.8 

31.6 
9.9 



rt FUmkI. 



ARKAN8A8 RIVER DRAIXA(;K RASIX. 

The Arkanh$a.s River rises in the central part of Colorado, flows south 
for alx>ut 70 miles, then east for 50 miles, increased l)v many small 
mountain streams. At Canyon, Colo., it emerges from the Kocky 
Mountain front and takes a general easterly direction a<*ross the great 
plains of Colorado, where most of the water is diverted for irrigation. 
It flows east across Kansas to the center of the State, thence south- 
east through Indian Territory and Arkansas into the Mississippi River, 
about 25 miles north of Greenville, Miss. Throughout the mountain- 
ousarea above Canyon the discharge increases, but as soon as the river 
emerges onto the (Jreat Plains the water is gradually diverted by lines 
of canals, so that by the time the Kansas line is reached the river is 
Usually dry during the summer. Among its tributjiries the Neosho 
(called the Grand in Indian Territory) and the Verdigris rivers drain 
southeastern Kansas and flow south in nearly parallel courses, joining 
the Arkansas about 3 riiiles apart, west of Tahlequah, Ind. T. The 
Walnut River is a small tributary from the north, flowing into the 
Arkansas at Arkansas City , Kans. The north fork of the Canadian 
fiiver rises in the northeastern part of New Mexico, and flows east 
through Oklahoma and Indian Territory into the Canadian River 
ahout 40 miles above its mouth. The following is a list of the stations 
in the Arkansas River drainage basin: 

Canadian River (North ForR) near Klreiio, Okla. 
Neosbo River at lola, Kans. 
Venligris River near Liberty, Kann. 
Walnut River at Arkansas City, KanH. 
Arkansat) River at Arkansas City, Kans. 

IRR 84-03 8 



114 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PABT III. 



iWiM. 



Arkansas River ut Hiitc*liin8<m, Kaii^. 
Arkansas River at Dcxlge City, Kaus. 
Arkansas River at Syracuse, Kans. 
Arkansas River at Barton, Colo. 
Arkansas River iu»ar Rockyfonl, Colo. 
Arkansas River near NeiK^ta, Colo. 
Arkansas River at Pueblo, Colo. 
Arkansas River near Canyon, Colo. 
Arkansas River at Salida, Colo. 

CANADIAN RIVER (nORTU I'X>RK) NEAR ELRKNO, OKIJl. 

This sUtioii was esta])lishe(l ()ctol)er 27, 1902, by W. G. Riwscll, 
and is located at tlie lii^hway hridj^o, 2 iiiileH north of Elrono, Okla. 
The gage is of the usual wire tvjM\ with a scale Inwird graduated to 
feet and tenths, and nailed to tli(* niiling of the bridge. The bench 
mark is the top of a steel cylinder on the north side of the bridge. 
Its elevation is 11.8 feet alK)ve the zero of the gage. The initial point 
for sounding is on the right liank. The channel ]H>thal>ovc and below 
the station is sti-aight for alK)ut 200 feet; the right bank is high and 
the left bank is low; both banks are liable to overflow. The bed of 
the stream is sandy, and somewhat shifting. The observer is G. G. 
Sudermann, who reads th**. gage once daily. 

The following discharge measurement ^vas made in VM)2: 
()rt4>)»er L'T: (Jage lui-iht, LM.H)fe't: tliHcharjre, 23 wirond-feet. 

Ihliif (ffnjr hrifjhf, iufnt, nf ('hiukIhiii Rim- {Xitrtli lutrk), near Kirrnn, Okh. 



l)«r. 



th't. 



Nov. 



I)«M-. 



hay. 



11K)2. VMYJ. I 

1 2.00 I 2. ()() 12 ..J. 

2 2.20 2.50 ' 1.1 ...I. 

;j 2. 10 I 2.40 ' 14 ...L 



8 .. 

y .. 
10 .. 
11 .. 



2. 10 I 2.40 I 1.') 



2. 10 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2.10 



2.40 
2. 50 
2. ">0 
2. 50 
2. 50 
2. 50 
2. 50 



H5 
17 
IS 
10 
20 
21 



I 



2. 10 

2. ;iO 

2. 20 
2. 20 
2. 20 
2. 'M) 
2. IK) 
2. :io 
2. 30 
;j. 45 
2. SO 



Dim 



2. 50 
2. 50 
2. HO 
2. 80 
2. 70 
2. 70 
2. 70 
2. (>0 
2. 00 
2. 00 
2. <;0 



l»ay. 

1902. 

23 . . . 

24 . . . 

25 ... 
20 . . . 



Oct. 



,28... 
,20... 
I 30... 
I 31 



■"I 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



I 



2. 50 
3.00 
2.80 
2.00 
2. 50 
2.50 
2. 50 
2. 50 



iKf. 



2. HO 
2. HO 
2.70 
2.«0 
2.80 
2.80 
2.40 
I 2.40 



iriLL.] 



ARKANSAS RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



115 



NEOSHO RIVER AT lOLA, KANS. 

The station wa.s established in^July, 1895, and is located at the high- 
ay bridjife 1 uiile west of the city of Tola, Kans. The gage in fas- 
5ned to the head gates of the flume about 90 feet alwve the bridge. 
*hc bench mark is the heads of three large nails driven into the cross- 
iet-e of the flume, and is 13.30 feet above the datum of the gage. 

The ol)server is Thomas J. Staley. 

The following discharge measurements were made by W. G. Russell 
uring 1902: 

April 26: Gage height, 3.00 feet; dischai^, 512 seeoiid-feet. 
May 29: Gage height, 12.00 feet; discharge, 15,216 sei'onti-fett. 
June 19: Gage height, 4.50 feet; discharge, 1,312 secoiid-feet. 
July 2i>: (iage height, 7.70 feet; discharge, 6,995 second-feet. 
August 25: Gage height, 16.50 feet; discharge, 25,246 second-fet^t. 

Daily gage heighij in fedf of Neosho River at io/a, Kaim. 



Dv. 


Jail. 


Feb. 


M&r, 


AjlT. 


M»y. 


June. 

_ 


July. 


Aliif. 




l*tt. Nov. 


Ik^V 


HKL 










*,..,„..„,„„^. 


a.cw 


2,70 


3.1fi 


2.90 


I.DQ 


H.€0 


4.[i0 


fit 15 


n.m 


I.lt'^ 1 3.35 


3. 00 




^.00 


2.70 


4.00 


2.90 


3.50 


7,TB 


4.ri0 


1.25 


12.10' 


4,00 3.:jo 


3.05 




2,10 


2,70 


3. SO 


2,90 


».M 


ii. 7^1 


4,W 


3.00 


10.50 


4. ,50 3.35 


4.a5 


_.^ ^ _l 


:e.^' 


t.7fi 


3.0W 


2.90 


;i,30 


fl.fiO 


4.M 


£.13 


6,25 


10.00 3.SU 


.■v. 70 




i.80 


2.70 


a. 00 


2,90 


:t.30 


IJvOO 


4.50 


2.M) 


i».2:'l 


14.25 :i,15 


4,50 




U.30 


'i7P 


3.0U 


2.90 


6.10 


15.2.'> 


4, SO 


2.(15 


(J, 15 


11.75 ' 3,0U 


».96 


_+..,.,,. .^, 


2.60 


2-70 


3.00 


2,l» 


5.2S 


16.75 


4. no 


2.liO 


7.35 


11.75 3,00 


3. no 


-"■' ---r *- -i 


n.sa 


2.70 


3.0O 


■i.K5 


:i.'j(i 


17.90 


5.Q0 


2.50 


H. 10 


10.75 ».U0 


3,(15 




2.50 


2,70 


^M» 


2. BO 


3.00 


17.90 


r>.oo 


2.40 


ti.75 


ti.7S 1 a. 00 


3.50 




■2.im 

V.N) 

±m 


2.70 
±90 


3^^ 

2.W 
3. DO 


2,»« 
2. HO 
2,«J 


3.00 
2,90 

2.m 


:3D.50 
1^50 


5,00 
4.70 
4.70 


2.40 
2.40 
2.40 


,-.90 
5.25 
4,40 


d.(»5 LI.OO 

«,jo 1 :ititi 
11.20 . :l^n} 


3.50 




3.^ 




3,150 




2.^ 

2.N) 


2.m 

2.80 

±m 

3.00 
XOO 
S.00 


S.IO 

2.M 
2. to 


2.«0 
2.A0 

2.J» 
2.1« 
2.fiW 


2,«0 
2. MO 
2.«0 
4.25 

5.2W 


5.55 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 

4,?yj 


4. .TO 
4..'iO 
4.25 
4.00 
1.00 
4.00 


2.40 
2.40 
2.90 
2.90 
2. SO 
2.fi0 


s..>o 

3.10 
^40 
B.4(» 
3»0i* 
3,00 


5,«J ' 3.00 
5,40 1 n.W 
5.^1 5.(V 
5,20 ! 4.,^ 
5.50 , 4.3U 

5.50 i i.ao 


3.50 




;i.iio 




4,50 




4.0.5 




3.H5 




3.90 




li.TiO 
SE.60 


S.O0 
S.OD 


2.7W 


2.A0 


4.25 
3.25 


4.50 
H.£0 


4.W 
Ik 00 


3,00 
5. H5 


3.10 

3.ao 


5,20 ' 1.20 
5.40 4.20 


4.00 




7,25 




2.00 
2.70 


3,00 
3.00 


3.00 


2.80 

a. 80 


1.60 
11, 50 
12.00 


15.50 
15,00 
10.liO 


5.00 
4.00 
4.U0 


9.75 
U.tO 
13.50 


3.50 
r».00 
H.50 


r^.fC 4.00 
4.75 3.*«0 

4.50 ' ^.m 


H.OD 




7.00 




G.50 




2.70 


S.00 


zm 


a. 00 


12.75 


a 25 


4.00 


!(!, 25 


!*.50 


4.25 . ;t,70 


0.00 


|._-..^.^.^.-.^ 


2,T.'i 


3.00 


2. ft) 


4.00 


12.3-5 


7.fia 


xm 


Its. 25 


12. Sy 


4.20 3.70 


&.0D 




2,70 


3. GO 


2.W 


:i.oo 
a. 00 


13. W 

izrjo 


5.50 
5.W 


H.50 


15.2-5 
15, -JT' 


7.7s 


4..^> 3,70 
4.00 3.rj0 


4.a5 




4,50 




2.70 


3.eO 


^W 


D.rio 


rj.tKt 


^.►^J 


4.00 


1 1 15 


5,fiO 


4.00 3.1.0 


4. SO 




2.70 
2,70 
2.70 




S.flO 
2.» 
2.«0 


.^7r* 


n.oo 


1.50 
4.?i0 


7..V. 
li.OO 
5.40 


7, .iO 
.1 25 
PA 25 


5.00 
LUO 




16;* 3,t.O 
3.50 1 3,(W 
3.40 i 


4.20 




4,00 




3.90 







116 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1^02, PART III. 



[^ 



Hating taUefor Nemho Hirer at Tola, Kans,,fur 190S. 



Gage 
heiKlit. 


DiiK'tiHryc. 
St'.con<l-fee(. 


Gage 
height. 

Ftrt. 


1 
Diwharge. ' 

1 


Gage 
height. 

Fe.L 


nischaiKC. 
Stctrnd'/ert. 


Gage 
height. 


1 

1 Diuehar 

1 


Stnm<l-/crt. 


Fret. 


Seeond-j 


2.0 


' 190 


; ^-^ 


2,3(K) 


7.6 


6,780 


11.0 


13, 1( 


2. 2 


i 2(M) 


j 5.0 


2,600 


7.8 


7,140 


11.5 


14, V 


2.4 


! 880 


i 5. 2 


2, SKX) 


8.0 


' 7,500 


12.0 


, 15, 2( 


2.6 


400 


5.4 


8, 200 ; 


8.2 


• 7,860 


12.5 


16,:3< 


2.8 


' 490 


5. iS 


8, 500 ; 


8.4 


8,220 


13.0 


17, 4< 


:<.o 


5H0 


5. 8 


8,800 ^ 


8.6 


, 8,580 


13.5 


18, 5( 


3.2 


700 


rt.o 


4, 100 , 


8.8 


1 8,940 


14.0 


19, (i( 


■Xi 


SoO 


(>. 2 


4, 420 1 


9.0 


j 9,300 


15.0 


21, » 


3.6 


1,(HK) 


(i.4 


4,740 ' 


9.2 


9,660 


16.0 


1 24, 


3.8 


1 1,200 


(). () 


5,060 ' 


9.4 


10, 020 


17.0 


1 26, 2 


4.0 


! 1,4(X) 


(>.8 


5, :wo 


9.6 


' 10,380 


18.0 


1 28, 4 


4.2 


! 1,(W0 


, 7.0 


5, 700 


9.8 


10, 740 


19. 


, 30,6 


4.4 


1 1,880 


7.2 


6, (XK) 


10.0 


11,100 


20.0 


32,8 


4.6 


; 2, 120 


7.4 


(>, 420 


10.5 


12,100 


21.0 


' ;i5, 



h^imaleii iiHnithly ilhvhanje ttf XeoHho Hirer at Jola^ Kana, 
[l)niiiuigcan.*ft. 3.670 .square inihrM.] 

'I 



Maxiintiiii 



I 



1902. 

January 467 

Kel)ruary 1,(M)() 

March 1,4(K) 

April 4,9(K) 

May is, .MM) 

JuiU' 85, .V>0 

July 6,(><H) 

Aiijjii>Jt 24, r>.">0 

So])tonilM'r , 18, 5(X) 

OctolKT 20,150 

NoveinlK'r 2, 6(M) 

Dct't'inl^'r 7, 500 

Till" yiiar 85, 550 



st'cotnl 


•ivrt. 




KiiiiMifT 


iiiniiii. 


Mfun. 


Tolnl in 
a«Tt'-feet. 


iKT K<inan' 
mile. ' 


190 


;570 


22, 750 


0. 10 


445 


549 


:iO, 470 


. 15 


445 


tM)l 


86. 954 


.16 


490 


88(> 


49, 745 


.28 


490 


5, 5S5 


:;48, 408 


1.52 


2, IKM) 


11,()94 


695,841 


8. 19 


!»25 


1 2, 1()9 


18.8, :i67 


. 5<) 


8.80 


«), 882 


:{92,414 


1.74 


580 


4, 962 


295, 259 


; i.;ii 


850 


' 4, ()89 


288,815 


1.28 


580 


1 1,119 


()6, 585 


. 80 


925 


] V-.T 


186,9.88 


1 • ^'^ 


1 90 


! 8. 482 


2,492,041 


.94 



VEKDIGRI8 KIVKK NKAK LIHKKTV, KANS. 

Thn stilt ion was established in Au«rust, LSt).*), and is located 
wa^on bridj^e about 250 feet below Me Fa^^^art's mill dam, ab 
miles southwest of the town of Liberty, Kans. The gage is a ve 



rtLL] 



ABKAN9A8 RIVEB DBAIKAGE BASIN. 



117 



iber fastened to the floor of the mill. Bench mark No. 1 is the 
ids of three large nails in the flume, and is at an elevation of 12.46 
it above the zero of the gage. Bench mark No. 2 is the head of a 
ke in the root of a cottonwood tree 40 feet south of the gage, and 
fttan elevation of 10.98 feet above gage datum. The bed is rocky, 
uposed of gravel and subject ilo very little change. In 1900 a new 
nch mark was established, consisting of 3 nails driven horizontall}'^ 
JO a root on the river side of a cottonwood tree 40 feet south of the 
ge, the nails being 8 inches below a sandstone rock whi(*h protrudes 
)ma hollow in the tree. Its elevation is 11.88 feet above the zero 
the old gage. 

The observer is C. Fienen. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
'. (t. Kussell : 

April 27: Gage height, 3.10 feet; discharge, 2S4 8econ<l-foet. 
May .30: Gage height, 5.50 feet; discharge, 1,822 8econ<l-feet. 
June 20: Gage height, 9.75 feet; discharge, 6,192 second-feet. 
August 24: Gage height, 8.70 feet; discharge, 5,136 se<!ond-feet. 

Daily gage height ^ in feety of Verdigrijt River iwar lAherlyy Ktniu. 



i^r 



iHtL 



jMSk. Fi!b, Mat, Apr. Mfty. Joiw. Jtil|-. Auk^ ; H4.'pt. 



2 00 
^OQ 

xoo 

1.HI 
2.00 

1-w 
i.m 

1.90 
K«0 

l.W 
1.90 

1,«0 
l.«0 
1.00 

i.m 

UflO 
1.90 
1. 00 

t.oo 
].9n 



l.VO 

l.W 

i.«o 
i.w 

i,w 
t.w 
i.m 

i.uo 

1.90 

6. On 
4. TO 



3.70 

a.4ri 
2.m 

%^ 

2.mi 

2.40 
2.&0 
2.40 
'2. to 
±W 
2. SO 

a.io 

2, SO 
2.aO 
2,ri0 
2.110 

il.40 

'h >>ri 

3.70 
3,25 



2-W 

2.00 
2,90 
^«0 

%m 

'i,70 

t.flO 

2.W 

2.«fi 
2.«0 

%m 

2.55 

3. iK> 
11.10 

2.R?i 
2.IjO 



3.W 
4.25 
:i.JO 
I*, 21* 

!».4IV 
f!.20 

a. (JO 

3,2'i 
^i,Oft 

3. 15 
2. WO 
2.75 
2. HO 
2hW 

22,71] 

2?*. ti7 
2^.2:1 

ft.K) 
5. {HI 



(1.20 

11.90 
20.2''< 
81. 7ft 
3a.:<7 
32.10 
29. fAl 
Kl,2ri 
t:.2ft 

ft. 40 
4.M 
4.70 
ft. ChTi 

h.:jo 
4.yo 
ft. \i^ 

lO.ljft 
12.05 
H.IO 
1^1.05 
IIJJU 
If.lO 
-Vlft 
1.70 
4,40 
4/Jl^ 
1.7ft 

rk.or» 



ft. 70 
ft.:io 
14.'i 
4.ai 

X r>5 

0,40 

9. to 
fi.lO 
ft. HO 
4.3.'S 
4,10 

:\. f*ft 

:L4n 

a. 'JO 

4, HO 

ft, ^'i 
4. 40 I 
3, '.to 
■A,^-t 

n.4.^ 
;ioo 
3.V0 
2,90 
2.Ufi 
3.«0 



a.fio 
a. 2ft 

2.1^'V 
-i.liO 
2.-50 
2..-(0 
2.7U 

;i.io 
2.»r> 

-K 7ft 

2.1X> 

±m 
2. 10 
:i.4<) 
2,30 

2.70 

rt. ijT} 
7. yo 

ii.5r» 

.5.40 
4,70 
170 

s.ao 



14.2ft 
31.00 

7,00 
4.ri5 

L20 
7.W 
10.7ft 
1.^ 
4- 7ft 
a. 7ft 

:t,40 

a.stft 
a. HO 
a.i5 
:i.ot» 

S.o5 

:i. Oft 

100 
ELftlJ 
4. 7.'» 
5.^5 
ft. 411 

m7ft 

r>.7ft 
ft, ir» 
ft. 00 



l.HU 

4, lift 

<i. HO 

ift, ao 
u;, fo 

f!. 10 

ft, 40 

4.7ft 

lA*- 

4. 40 
4,*J5 
i. 10 

IJ* 
x7ri 

3, CiTi 

1^ a\ 
;iM\ 
xuo 

liftTi 

:i, 4.'i 

X 40 

3,20 

X'20 

:i-io 



NftV. 


Jll*. 


!C.aii 


fl.«S 


S,2.5 


4.ir» 


a.flo 


aaj 


4.10 


ri.tw 


ft.f»0 


\r» 


L'.M\ 


l.«5 


1!^^ 


1/^ 


:;.Hft 


i.m 


i^.NO 


I.W 


3.70 


i.110 


Jl.c*5 


4.00 


31. iTi 


4.00 


t.ia^ 


4Hi» 


12.70 


4.85 


14.20 


11.25 


7.90 


10.10 


ft, HO 


0.40 


ft. 00 


.5,40 


4.iiri 


5.40 


i.m 


7.05 


4.40 


10.75 


4.:ift 


fl.lft 


4.2ft 


tf, 10 


1.4ft 


ri.-lft 


i.m 


ri.to 


Ut^i 


4.75 


4.40 


4.Bi 


4. no 


4.:hi 


ILWi 


4,30 


18.^ 


4.30 




\ \J^ 



118 



STREAM MKABUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 
Jialhtg inltU' for VenligrU Hirer uenr LIfterttfy Kann.^f(tr 1902, 



[50.81 



heiglit. 



J'irt. 
1.2 
1.4 
1.0 
1.8 
2.0 
2.2 
2.4 
2.0 
2.8 
3.0 
3. 2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 
4.(; 
4.8 
5.0 



DlHC-harKo. ,:^gS\. I>i-'harxe. Height. ^*»-»»^*'««- W- ^'^"^ 



Strvfui-fttt. 



I 



10 
27 
55 

140 

2a5 

* 280 

:i68 

464 

560 

660 

760 

860 

960 

1,060 

1,1(>4 

1,280 

1,400 



5.2 
5.4 
5.6 

5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
7.2 
7.4 
7.6 
7.8 
8.0 
8.2 
8.4 
HA) 
8.8 
t».0 



Sfmnd-Jt d . 
1,520 
l,(i50 
1,780 
1,920 
2,060 
2, 200 
2,340 
2,480 
2,620 

2, 760 
2,901 
3, 043 
3,188 
3, 334 
3, 480 

3, (i26 

3, 775 
3, 925 

4, 075 
4, 225 



Int. 

9.2 
9.4 
9.6 
9.8 
10.0 
10.2 
10.4 
10. 6 
10.8 
11.0 
11.2 
11.4 
11.6 
11.8 
12.0 
13. 
14.0 
15.0 
16.0 
17.0 



Sfcond-frti. 

4, 375 
4, 525 
4,680 
4,840 
5,000 
5,160 
5,320 
5,480 
5,640 

5, 801 
5,963 
6,126 
6,290 
6,454 
6,619 
7,458 
8, 300 
9, 150 

10. 100 
11,150 



Frti. 
18.0 
19.0 
20.0 
21.0 
22.0 
23.0 
24.0 
25. 
26.0 
27.0 
28.0 
29.0 
30.0 
31.0 
32. 
33.0 

:«.o 

:i5. 

;^).o 



Stctmdrfixt 
12/M ] 
13,500 
14,700 
15,900 
17,150 
18,500 I 
19,900 
21,300 
22,700 
24,100 
25,500 
26,900 
2S,m) I 
29,700 
31,100 
32,500 I 
:«,ft50 ' 
:i5,4xi0 
3<»,9o0 i 



pjtHifnitcfi nionthhi (liM'hnrfje t,( Verd'njns ]iinr n*nr Llhtrtif, Kitna. 
(hriiiiuiK*' tirvn. :\.{H\1 sqimn- miles.] 



Month. 



I)is<>)iarKe in s«'<on<l fiTt. 



I Muxiiniiiii. Mininiiiiii. 



Total in 
nrri'-ffft. Si»<'<nul-frft 



mill'. 



1902. 
January 

Fel)rnary 1, 

March 

Ajtril 

May LNi, 

Jum* :j:>, 

July 4, 

Aii<rnHt (5, 

Septt'iiil><»r 15, 

OctolM-r 11, 

N(»v<MiilM»r S, 

Dt'<'('iiilM'r '», 

Tlx' yt'ar i .I.'J, 



55 


40 


45 


2,767' 


0.01 


0.1) 


7S() 


40 


204 


11, :i;^) 


.07 


.0 


7.^5 ' 


140 


:i57 1 


21,951 


.12 


.1 


SIO 


IS7 


26S 


15,947 


.(n» 


.1 


4:;s 


LM)5 


5, :»/>5 


331,718 ■ 


1.76 


2.0 


OlS 


*M)() 


7, S\K\ 


469, cm 


2. 57 


2.S 


5-J5 1 


.".'JO 


1.050 


(U, 562 


.34 


.3 


577 1 


100 


1,051 


64, 623 


.34 


. •'» 


(>50 ' 


:;«i.s 1 


*J, u:;5 


174,645 ' 


.<M) 


1.0 


0S(1 ' 


4(i4 


1. 70<i 


101,8<>8 ' 


. .56 


,(> 


470 : 


464 


1,5'.»S 


♦K5, 08S 


. 52 


.5 


-i.'i:; 


6S5 


1 . s5l» 


113,875 . 


.(^0 


.6 


ois , 


40 


2, O.IO 


K 471, 070 


.6(J 


S.9 



WELL.] 



ABKAKdAd BIVSB DBAIKAOB BA8IK. 



110 



WALNUT RIVER AT ARKANSAS CITY, KANS. 

This station was established September 21, liH)2, by W. G. Russell, 
nd is located on the Madison avenue highway bridge one-half niilo 
astof Arkansas City, Kans. The gage is of the usual wire type, with 
he scaleboard graduated to feet and tenths; it is read daily by D. T. 
burton. The bench mark is the lower edge of the fifth rivet from the 
op in the upper row on the fourth section of the west side of the 
outh pier. The initial point for sounding is on the right bank. The 
hannel both above and below the station is straight, and the river is 
higofish; both the right and left bank are high; the bod of the stream 
3 sandy and shifting. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 1902 by 
^. G. Russell: 

September 24: Gage height, 10.15 feet; dLacharge, 3,S99 «ecoud-feet. 
October 20: Gage height, 4.90 feet; discharge, 182 aecond-feet. 

Dnily gof/e height, in feet, of Walnut River at Arkansmt City^ Kans, 



^^ 


Be|»L| Oec. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


D»7- 


Bept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


D«;. 

145 
140 

1(55 
5.25 
Ik 40 

5.60 
MIO 
5.ti« 
5.6.^ 
5.70 
5.W 


Day. 


Sept. 


Oct. Nov. 

1 i 

4.10 , 4.20 j 
120 1 180 1 
100 1 140 
4. 30 1 4. 30 
4.20 , 4.:w , 
100 120 

110 ; 130 1 

la's ' 140 i 
130 ' 1 


Dec. 


um 


. 5.3D 

5,6& 

illO 

5.66 

...... J*. 75 

y,4.i 

, a55 

' li 00 


&,0& 

4.45 

•L0O 
^.W 

5.05 
5.10 
5.20 
£.10 


4.4fi 
4.40 
4.30 
140 
4.90 
130 

140 
130 
180 
140 


Li 




145 

130 
140 
1]0 
IID 
100 
130 
4.10 
1» 

lao 


4,00 

170 
100 
140 
130 
140 
4.50 
100 
150 
140 
4.45 


1 
23 


5.90 


+ 


IS 




24.... 
25 ... . 
26.... 
27.... 
28.... 
29.... 
30.... 
31 


.10.80 
.10.40 
. 7.30 
. 6.40 
. 6.10 
. 6.00 
. 4.40 


6.15 




n *... 




6.20 




15..... 




6.60 




Ift...,. 




5. 75 




17 




5. 70 




1* .... . 




5.65 




19 




5.60 




....„ 5.10 

, 5.on 


130 




5. 70 




21 ... 












*£t,-... 










, 





ARKANSAS RIVEK AT ARKANSAS CITY, KANS. 

This station was established September 23, 1902, by W. G. Russell. 
'• is located on the Chestnut avenue highway bridge, one-half mile 
est of Arkansas City, Kans. The gage is a painted staff graduated 
) feet and tenths, npiked to the west side of the south pile of the 
Jcond ]yejit on Chestnut avenue. The bench mark is the top of the cap 
1 the pile which carries the gage. Its elevation is 17.2 feet above zero 
f the gage. The initial point for sounding is on the U^ft })ank. The 
lannel is straight for alK)ut 200 feet both above and ])elow the stjition; 
^th !)anks are low and liable to overflow; the bed of the river is 
indy and shifting. The observer is 1). T. Burton, who reads the 
^gfp daily. 
The following discharge measurements were made during 1902: 

September 23: (lage height, 4.70 feet; <liHcharge, 1,008 Hecond-feet. 
(ycUAier 20: Gage height, 3. HO feet; diHcharge, 21 S Bercmd-leel. 



IgO STREAM MEA8UKEMENT8 IN 1902, PART IH. [s^9L 

Daily gage heiglit^ in feet, of Arkatuuxn River ni Arkanms Cityf Kan». 



Day. Sept. Oct. i Nov. ' Dec. Day. Sept. ' CK»t. , Nov. Dfc. 

1902. j ' ' I . 1902. I 

1 ; ' 4.10^ 4.40 I 3.40 17 

2 4.30, 4.10 3.40 18 

3 ' ' 4.40 ' 3.70; S.aO 19 

4 4.45 3.80 3.40 20 

5 ' ' 4.r,o I 3.r.o j 3.:» 21 

6 4.rv» I 3.30 3.40 '22 

7 ' ' 4.r)0 i 3.40 1 3.45 23 4.70 " 

8 4.45 1 3.45 3.45 24 \ 4.:10 ^ 

9 ' 4.55 I 3.fi5 i 3.50 25 4.20 i 

10 4.30 3.fi0 3.40 2(5 ' 4.10 ^ 

11 ' 4..V> 3.50 3.45 27 4.10 

12 4.40 I 3.(W 3.40 2S ' 4.10 

13 1 4.20 3.70 : 3.40 29 4.00 ' 

14 4.:W 3.60 3.50 30 ' 4.05 

15 4.10 3.40! 3.oO 31 ' ! 

Ifi , 4.15 :i.m , 3.70 ' 1 



4.00 


3,50 


171 


3. -20 


8.(» 


is: 


3.00 


3.70 


171 


3.20 


3.70 


11- 


3.10 


3.eo 


li ■ 


3.30 


3.50 1 


15 


3.40 


3,60 


IS' 


8.55 : 


3.50 


1« 


4.10 


3.40 , 


111 


4.00, 


8.50 


li 


4.10 


8.ti0 


1% 


4.20 


3.50 


i« 


4.10 


3.40 


m 


4.10 


3.30 


ifi 


4.20 , 


1 


2.6 



ARKANSAS RIVKR AT HUTCHINftON, KANS. 

The Arkansas River, after crossing the Kansas and Colorado State 
line, is not systematically measured until Hutchinson, in al)out the 
center of the State, is reached. The station here was established May 
13, 1895, and is located at the wa^on bridge at the south end of Main 
street. The ^a^e consists of an oak timber spiked to a pile a few foot 
above the bridge. Bench mark No. 1 is the upper cros.spiece of the 
pier guard, with an idevation of S.:3r> fec^t above zero of the gjige- 
Bench mark No. 2 is the top of the iron door.sill of the tirst brick build' 
ing next to the river, and its elevation is S.12 feet above gage datum. 
The channel is straight for some distance above* and below the brid^fc: 
the bed is sandy and very shifting, necessitating frequent discharj^e 
measurements and soundings. At time* of low water the stream sub- 
divides into a number of threads. Mc^asurements of discharge arc 
made* from the bridge* at timers of high water, and at low w^ater the} 
can l)e made* by wading. 

The observer is Daniel Lauer. 



ARLANSAS BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



121 



charge mecuturemenUt made on Arkatisa^ River at Hntchiuaon, Kan*. 



Date. 



1902. 



Hy<ln)grapher. 



W. G. Russell. 

do 

do 



.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 



Gage 
height. 

Feet. 
1.10 
1.50 
4 



15 
3.75 I 



2. 05 
2. 55 
2.40 
1.20 



Di))icharge. 

Srcfmd/cet. 

39 

155 

5,a57 

3, 824 

550 

1,066 

1,117 

95 



ktUy gage height ^ infeei, of Arhtiinas RiitT nt HairlunmnLy Knns. 



Jan. 


Fob. 


Mkf. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. 


Aug. 


.Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dee. 


1.20 


1.20 


2.00 


I. -25 


1.00 


4.42 


2. 15 


l.SO 


1.70 


2.30 


l.:» 


1.10 


1.20 


2.00 


2.00 


1.25 


1.00 


4.60 


2.40 


1.60 


1.70 


2.10 


1.30 


1.10 


1.25 


(") 


2.00 


l.*2.> 


1.00 


4.12 


2.40 


1.60 


1.60 


2.00 


1.30 


1.10 


1.25 


2.00 


2.00 


1.20 


1.10 


3.72 


2.40 


1.55 


1.50 


1.96 


1.30 


1.10 


1.25 


2.00 


1.80 


1.20 


1.10 


3.57 


2. 15 


1.50 


1.55 


1.85 


1.30 


1.10 


1.20 


2.00 


1.60 


1.1>0 


1.10 


3.05 


2. 05 


1.4.5 


1.60 


1.75 


1.25 


1.10 


1.20 


(«) 


1.50 


1.20 


1.10 


2.S2 


2. 0.'. 


1.40 


1.65 


1.70 


1.25 


1.10 


1.15 


2.00 


1.40 


1.20 


1.05 


2. 70 


2. CO 


1.40 


1.45 


i.r,.5 


1.25 


1.20 


1.10 


1.20 


1.3.5 


1.20 


i.o:. 


2.02 


1.05 


1.40 


1.45 


1.(15 


1.20 


1.30 


1.05 


(«) 


1.30 


1.20 


1.05 


2.52 


1.95 


1.40 


1.40 


I.Tm 


1.20 


1.30 


1.00 


1.20 


1.30 


1.20 


1.05 


2.45 


1.00 


1.00 


1.40 


\.m 


1.20 


1.30 


1.10 


1.20 


1.25 


1.15 


l.(;0 


2. 10 


1.S5 


2. 45 


l.:V> 


1..50 


1.20 


1.30 


1.10 




1.'25 


1.15 


i.(;o 


2. 32 


2.10 


2. 20 


l.;» 


l..^)0 


1. 25 


1.30 


i.a5 


1.20 


1.20 


1.15 


1.20 


2,n 


2.50 


2.10 


1.35 


\.'A) 


1.30 


1.30 


i.a'. 




1.15 


1.15 


i.:xi 


2. 10 


2. 55 


2.00 


1.30 


1.45 


1.25 


1.30 


1.00 


1.20 


1.10 


1.15 


i.j) 


>.00 


2. (-0 


1.9.5 


1.30 


1.45 


1.20 


1.30 


1.00 


(«) 


1.10 


1.15 


1.J5 


l.<»5 


2.CK. 


l..s^5 


1 . :u) 


1.40 


1.20 


1.30 


1.00 


1.20 


1.10 


1.15 


1.20 


2. 15 


2. '>0 


1..H0 


1.25 


1.;}.-) 


1.2t» 


1.30 


1.00 


(") 


1. 10 


1.15 


1.15 


2. 20 


2. 15 


1.75 


1 . 25 


1.;',;'. 


1.20 


1.30 


1.00 


1.20 


1.10 


1.15 


1. 15 


2. 20 


1 . 95 


1.75 


1.20 


i.:i.-> 


1.2t) 


1.40 


1.'25 


(...) 


I.IU 


1.10 


\.?X) 


2. 25 


1.70 


2. 45 


1.25 


i.;i:. 


1.20 


'1 1.50 


1.2.-> 


1.'.) 


1.15 


1.10 


1 . 75 


2. 30 


1.70 


2. ;'»() 


1 . 25 


i.;j.5 


1.20 


«1.50 


l.i.-> 


2.00 


l.-iO 


1.10 


•J. 00 


2. 25 


1.70 


2. :'/. 


I.;'/) 


i.:uj 


1.20 


"1.50 


1.25 


2.00 


1.20 


1.05 


2. 00 


2. J5 


1.70 


2.40 


1.30 


i.:u) 


1.20 


«1.50 


1.20 


2.00 


1.20 


1.(1-. 


1.70 


2. 'HI 


1.75 


2. r.0 


1.25 


1.30 


1.20 


it 1. 50 


1.20 


2.(K, 


1.2.% 


1.05 


1 . .V. 


2. 10 


1.75 


2. 40 


1 . 25 


1.30 


1.20 


"1..50 


(") 


2.00 


l.:?() 


1.0.') 


1. 10 


2. :?() 


l.sO 


2. :f) 


1.2.5 


l.:'.o 


1.10 


Ml. 50 


1.20 


2.00 


l.io 


l.tMl 


1 . :x) 


2. 25 


1 . IMJ 


2. 2.-) 


2. IN) 


i.:5o 


1.10 


1.50 


1.20 




\.m 


l.(M) 


1 . 1.-) 


2. i't 


2. (Rl 


2. 10 


2. 15 


1.30 


1.10 


1.40 


(") 




i.:u) 


l.(i(> 


i.:ki 


2. 15 


2. (K) 


2. IKI 


2. 30 


i.:w 


1.10 


1.40 


1.20 




!.:•.(» 




:;. \y) 




1 . «M) 


l.SO 




1.30 




1.40 








'« Froxoii. 

















122 STREAM MKA8UBEMEKT8 IN 1902, PABT ni. [vk9L 

Rating table for Arkangas River at HtUchinmmj Karu.ffor J90f, 



Ga*e 
height. 


DiMhargu. 
Serond-frft. 


Gage 
height. 


1 ' 
1 DiHcharge. | 

i 

1 Secfmd/cet. ' 


he'Sit. 


Dineharge. 


l^gSt 


DiKhaife. 


Feel. 


FM. 


Second-fed. 


FkL 


SeamirStA.\ 


0.8 


20 


1.8 


325 


2.8 


1,640 


3.8 


4,060 


.9 


30 


1.9 


400 


2.9 


1,820 


3.9 


4,340 


1.0 


40 


2.0 


, 475 . 


3.0 


2,000 


4.0 


4,000 


1.1 


60 


2,1 


600 


3.1 


2,260 


4.1 


4,860 1 


1.2 


80 


2.2 


1 '25 , 


3.2 


2,520 


4.2 


5,120 ' 


1.3 


100 


2.3 


; 850 , 


3.3 


2,780 


4.3 


5,380 


1.4 


125 


2.4 


1 975 1 


3.4 


3,040 


4.4 


5,640 


1.5 


150 , 


2.5 


1 1,100 1 


3.5 


3,300 


4.5 


5,900 


1.6 


200 ■ 


2.6 


i 1,280 ! 


3.6 


3,560 


4.6 


6,160 ; 


1.7 

_ 


250 . 


2.7 


' 1,460 

1 1 


3.7 


3,820 




1 



I I 



Etttirmtted monthly discharge of Ark'ati9(u River at Hutchin»onj Kan». 
[Drainage aiva, :M.000 Mquare miles.] 





1 Discharge in Hecond-feet , 


Total in 
acre-feet. 


Run-off. 


Month. 


; Maximum. 

1 


Minimum. 

40 

80 

60 

40 

40 

438 

288 

125 

80 

KK) 

60 

(iO 

40 


Mean. ' 

t>9 
2(>3 
148 

(>8 
254 
1,58:J 
()05 
510 
184 
208 

83 
10(> 

.'540 


Second-feet 
mile. 


Depth in 
inrlu>!«. 


1902. 
January 


W 


4, 243 
14,(K)6 
9,100 
4,046 
15,618 
iW, 195 
37, 190 

3i,:y>9 

10,949 

12,789 

4, 939 

6,518 

245, 552 


0.002 O.OO 


Febniarv 


475 


.008 1 .(.W 


March 


1 

475 


.004 , .0) 


April 


W 


.002 -00 


May 


4, 340 


.008 
.047 
.018 
.015 


.00 


June 

July 

Aujjiist 


(>, 1(U) 
1,280 
1,100 


.05 
.02 
.01 


Sei>teinlH*r 


8.')0 


. (K>5 . 00 


Octolx-r 


8.^)0 


. (KK) .00 


Noveinl>er 

DecvinlnT 


KK) 
150 


.002 .0(1 
. 00.3 . OO 


The year... 


(), KJO 


.010 


.!» 



»«WIIL.] 



ABKANSA8 BIVEB DBAIKAGS BASIN. 



128 



ARKANSAS RIVER AT DODGE, KAN8. 

This station was established November 28, 1902, by W. G. Russell, 
and is located one-fourth mile south of Dodge, on the highway bridge. 
The gage is a plain staff graduated to feet and tenths, and nailed to 
the upstream pile of the twelfth bent at the north end of the bridge. 
The initial point for sounding is on the left Imnk. The channel 
both above and below the station is straight for about 100 feet; both 
banks are low and liable to overflow; the bed of the stream is sandy 
and shifting. The observer is Alexander Alter, who reads the gage 
once each day. 

The following discharge measurement was made in 1902: 

November 28: Gage height, 1.55 feet; dificharge, 45 second-feet. 
Daily gfige height ^ in feet, of Arkansas River at Ikjilge^ Kans. 



Day. 



mi. 



Nov. I>cc. I Day. ; Nov. t Dw. 



I 



. 1.45 
J 1.55 
.' 2.00 
.1 1.35 
. 1.35 
J 1.25 
. 1.50 
. 1.65 








1.55 
1.35 




1.65 




1.25 


; ;; ;;; ;; i; ; ;;; 


1.45 
1.65 




1.00 


1 


1.00 



Day. 



I Nov. 



17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 



Dec. 



1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
1.15 
1.45 
1.55 
1.45 
1.55 



Day. 



Nov. 



Dt'o. 



I I 

25 ' 1.56 

•26 ' \ 1.65 

27 1.65 

2H j 1..55 1.45 

29 1 1.10 1.65 

30 1 1.45 1.65 

31 ' 1 1.5B 



ARKANSAS RIVER AT SYRACUSE, KANS. 

This station, established August 21, 1902, by W. G. Rus.sell, is 
located on the highway bridge 1 mile south of Syi*acuse, Kans. The 
gage is a plain staff graduated to feet and tenths, fastened to the (»ast 
pile of the bent 283 feet south of the north end of the liridge. The 
initial point for sounding is on the left bank. The channel above and 
below the station is straight and the water is sluggish. The right 
bank is low and liable to overflow: the left })ank is high, and the bed 
of the stream is sand\' and shifting. The l>ench mark is on the top of 
the east end of the first sill at the north end of the bridge. Its eleva- 
tion is 13.45 feet above the zero of the gage. The gage is read daily 
by Clyde S. Welborn. 

The following discharge measurement*^ were made during 1J*()2: 

August 21: Gage height, 2.05 fet't; diw^liargo, 99 secon<l-feet. 
August 30: Gage height, 8.00 feet; (li.«cliarge, 90i) stM-oud-fect. 
November 9: Gage height, 1.80 f<H*t; diwliargo, 42 HtH'oiid-feet. 
November 26: Gage height, 1.60 feet; (liwtharge, 19 second -fe<'t. 



124 STREAM MEASnREMENTS IK 10Q2, PART in. 

Diiily gtige heigfUy in/eet^ of Arkansas River at SyracvM^ Kan9, 



lm.IL 



Day. 


Aiig. 


1 


mn. 




2 




3 




4 




5 




6 




7 




H 




J 




10 




11 




12 




13 


14 


ir. 1 


16 


17 


18 '... 


19 


20 - 


21 




2 05 


22 




2 05 


23 




2 00 


24 




2 00 


25 




1.90 


20 




•» 05 


27 




:{ 05 


28 




3 sT) 


20 




3 45 


a) 




U 00 


31 




2. H.'> 



Sept. Oct. ; Nov. I Dec- 



2.70 

2.70 

2.«5 

2.55 . 

2.60 j 

2.50 I 

2.45 

2.45 

2.40 

2.85 

2.30 

2.25 

2.15 

2.05 

1.95 

1.95 

1.^ 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

l.«5 

1.86 

1.85 

1.80 

1.80 

1.80 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 



1.75 
1.75 
1.80 
2.00 
2.00 
1.95 
1.95 
1.90 
1.90 
1.85 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 



1.70 ! 
1.70 ' 
1.70 i 
1.70, 
1.70 
1.70 1 
1.70 
1.70 1 
1.80 I 
1.80 
1.80 I 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
(«) 



l.fO 
1.80 
1.70 
1.80 
1.80 



1.7^ 

\.» 
1.7 
1.71 
1.9 
L» 
1.91 
l.M 
l.lK 
l.j« 
l.» 
1.S 
1.H 

1.8 
l.S 
l.» 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
2.0 
2.0 
iO 
2.C 
1.9 
2.C 
2.1 
2.( 
2.( 



'I N(» ot»s«Tvcr. 



liaiuuj f tilth' for Arhinatis Jilrtr nt SyrnrHi<i\ Kmin.^ for ItH)!^. 



llriKht. 



\A\ 
1.7 
l.S 
1.9 
2.0 
2. 1 



I Disi'lmrK''. 

I 

I Strnitil-fnI. 

20 

;io 

40 
(M) 

MO 

i:u) 



hi'iKht. 



Vn t. 



2. W 

2.4 
2. ') 
2. i\ 



Srmiul-fri t. 

250 

:iSO 

410 
5(X) 



lu'iKht. 



Int. 

2. S 
2.9 
?>. 
.S. 1 

:i. 2 



DiscluirK**. 

Stcoinl-ffrt. 
()80 
7S0 
SSO 
9S0 
1,090 
1,200 



height. 



Frrt. 

3.4 
3. T) 

X r> 

3.7 
XH 
X 9 



Di.KoharKO. 
St■r^^n^l-ft*^. 

i,:nr> 
1,4:^1 

1,545 
1 , (>(U) 
1,775 
1,K1K) 



ABKANSA8 BIV£B DSAINAOS BASIN. 



125 



EtUmated monthly discharge of Arkanms River at Symcune, Katis, 
[Draina^ area, 24,960 square mlloti.] 



Month. 



1902. 
Angust 21 to 31 

September 

October 

Novenilwr 

December . 



Diflch&r]^ in second-feet. 



Maximum. 



590 
80 



130 



Minimum. 



a 11 days. 



35 
30 



30 



Mean. 



«571 

197 

43 

54 



b 20 days. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



« 12, 459 

11,722 

2,644 

^2,02:^ 

3, 320 



Kun-off. 



Second-feet 

per 
Hquare mile. 



a 0.023 

.008 

.(H)2 

^'.OOl 

.002 



<" 30 days. 



Depth in 
inches. 



« 0.009 

.009 

.002 

<^.002 

.00;^ 



ARKANSAS RIVEK AT BARTON, COIX). 

This station was established May 2, 1901, at the milroad bridge one- 
half mile east of Barton or Byron, which is the name of the railroad 
jjtation on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Throughout 
thLs region the bed of the stream is broad and sandy, and the channel 
is shifting. This point was selected as the most available place for 
dotomiining, approximately, the discharge of the Arkansas at a point 
near the Colorado-Kansas line. The rod consists of a vertical 2 by 4 
inch piece of timber 7 feet long, nailed to a pile on the downstream 
»ideof the railroad bridge at the lowest iK)int in the channel. No 
bench mark was establinhed, but the rod was spiked at the foot marks 
to the pile. The channel is extremely shifting, and there may be at 
times many different channels. The initial ])oint for soundings is the 
rijj'ht hank. The observer was Harry Hunt, i>ostmastcr at Barton. 

The observations at this station were discontinued in May. 11M>2, 
for the reason that the channel had changed and t\w conditions were 
'unfavorable for securing reliable data. 



126 



Day. 



STBEAM MEA8UBEMENTS IN 1902, FAST in. 



Daily gage fieighty infeely of Arkuvmis River at Barton , Colo. 



[N0.81 



Juii. I Feb. I Mar. Apr. M»y. 



I 



I 



1902. 

1 1 1.15 

2 ' 1.20 

S ! 1.20 

4 1.30 

5 ' 1.30 

6 1 1.30 

7 1 1.40 

8 ■ 1.40 

9 1.50 

10 ' 1.50 

11 ] 1.50 

12 l.W 

18 1.50 

14 ' 1.40 

15 1 1.40 

16 1 l.W 



r 

i 

1.30 I 
1.30 ' 
1.40 I 
1.50 I 
1..50, 
1.50 
1.50 I 
1.50 I 
1.50 j 

1.60 ; 

1.70 
1.70 i 
1.70 
1.70 I 
1.60 , 
1.60 , 



I 



0.90 I 

.m\ 
.w , 
.70 I 
.70 ' 
.50 ' 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.30 

.30 
.20 1 

.20 ; 

.20 , 



0.30 
.30 
.20 
.10 
.10 
.05 

.a5 
.or> 

.05 

.or, 
.a5 

.20 
.30 
.36 
.35 
.30 



0.10 
.15 
.15 



Day. 

1902. 
17 



18. 
19. 
20. 
21 . 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
2«i . 
' '*7 

•29. 

I 30 . 
' 31 . 



Jan. Feb. i Mar. i Apr. May. 



1.30 


1.50 ! 


1.20 


1.50 1 


1.20 


1.40 


1.15 


1.40 1 


1.15 


1.40 i 


1.10 


1.30 1 


1.10 


1.30 1 


1.10 


1.20 ' 


1.10 


1.00 1 


1.00 


1.00 1 


1.00 


1.00 


1.00 


.90' 


1.10 


t 


1.10 


1 


1.20 






0.20 


1 
0.20 


.30 


.20 


.35 


.25 


.35 


.25 ' 


.35 


• •20 


.35 


.20 ' 


.45 


.20 


.50 


.10 ! 


.40 


.10 


.30 


.05 


.25 


.a5 


.30 


.05 


.30 


.05 


.35 


.10 


.30 


l""' 



AKKANSA8 UIVER NEAR RCKTCYFORD, COLO. 

The old station wa»s located 2 miles nortlieast of Rocky ford, Colo., 
and was e^stablisheil May 3, 18J)7. The gage consisted of a vertical 1 
by 3 inch timber notched in tenths and .securely nailed to the pile pro- 
tection to the abutm(»nt of the wagon bridge at the left side of the 
stream, upper side of the bridge. The initial point for sound ingsw{u< 
on the left bank at the water's edge. Both banks are higti and liable 
to overflow only at very high water. Tin* channel is straight foruJwut 
30^) fe(»t abovt* and below the station. The btnl is sandy and shifting. 
This stMion was abandoned April 7, VM){). 

A new station was (\stablished by K. W. Hawley on April U*, IJHil. 
at a point 3i miles northwest from Uockyford station on the Atcliison, 
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. A steel ral)le was stretched acToss the 
river and sii])[)lie(l with a car, and an inclined timber gage rod yf^ 
bolted into the* shah» on the north side of the river and marked. The 
bench mark consists of a cut in a trec^ at tli(» initial point level with Ji 
l()-f()ot mark on the rod. The records were kept through the courtesy 
of th(» American Be(»t Sugar Company, Fred Chappell, agriculturist, 
taking the reading. The channel is fairly favorable for good results. 
being at what is known as the old ford. The ))ottom is of shale nn^^ 
usually free from sand, although 1ill(»d in to a certiiin extent at sonic 
stages. (Jagings may Ix* made eitluM* by nunuis of the cable and ear oi' 
})y wading. The point is of es[)ecial importance, owing to the fact 
that it is one of tin* few ])la<M»s on the Arkansas Kiver w^here the chan- 
nel is at all permanent. 



«IWELU] 



ARKANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



127 



DfiUy gage height, in/eel, of Arkansas Hirer near Rockyfordy Colo. 



Dty. 



L 



Jan. 



1902. I 

1 1 l.»0 

2 1.70 

8 ! 1.80 

1 ] 1.80 

5 ! 1.80 

« ] 1.90 

7 ! 1.90 

8 1.90 

9 1.80 

W I 1.70 

" 1.70 

K I 1.50 

" ' 1.60 

W l.fiO 

^ 1.50 

« i 1.50 



Feb. 



2.00 
2.20 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.40 
2.^ 
2.20 
2.40 
2.00 
2.60 
2.50 
2.70 
2.40 
2.50 
2.00 



1 
4ar. 




Day. 


1 


2.00 


17 


1902. 




2.20 \ 


18. . . . 






2.00 ■ 


19.... 




\ 


1.80 


70 






2.20 


.1 






2.00 


I 






2.00 


Z 






1.80 


24 






2.00 


25.... 






1.80 


26 


2.20 


27 


2.30 


2H 


2.20 1 


29 


2.00 


30 


2.20 


31 


2.50 







Feb. ! 


Mar. 


1.50 


2.00 


2.50 


1.50 


2.00 


2.00 


1.50 


2.00 


2.00 


1.60 


•2.00 


1.80 


1.50 


2.00 


2.20 


1.60 


2.00 . 


2.20 


1.60 


1.90 


1.80 


1.50 


l.SO 


2.20 


1.50 


2. 20 


2.00 


1.60 


2.00 


1.80 


l.fiO 


2.20 


2.20 


1.60 


2.00 


1.80 


1.60 




1.80 


1.90 




2.20 


1.90 




i 


2.00 



Rating table for Arkoimis Jiii'er near Rockyfordy Colo., for 190 J. 



height. 



-0.2 
.0 
.2 
A 
.6 
.8 
1.0 



' DineharKe. 

Stcond-feet. 
25 
32 
43 
56 
73 
101 
137 



Gaire 
height. 



1.2 
1.4 
1.6 
1.8 
2.0 
2.2 
2.4 



Di.Hcharge. 

Seamd-Jert. 
181 
238 
343 
510 
7^5 
1,009 
1,321 



Gage 
height. 


Diffcharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Fuel 


Scamd/rti. 


Frrt. 


2.6 


1,665 


4.0 


2.8 


2,035 


4.2 


3.0 


2, 424 


4.4 


3. 2 


2,820 


4.6 


3.4 


3,220 


4.8 


3.6 


3, 620 




3.8 


4, 020 





DiHcharge. 

Scamd-frrt. 
4,420 
4, 820 
5,220 
5,620 
6,020 



Edimated monthlij discharge of Arkansas River mmr Rock* ford ^ Colo. 
[Drainage area, 11,440 S4}iiare miles.] 



Month. 



Diachargc in seoond-feet. 



I 



Maximum. Minimum. 



1902. 

ary 616 

^«bmary 1,848 

^«iH , 1,489 



282 
510 
510 



Mean. 



402 

1,081 

828 



Run-olT. 



Total in iicre- 

feet. Second -feet 

per square 
mile. 



I)e|>tli in 
int'heH, 



24,718 0.035 0.04 

60, 036 I .094 .10 

50,896 ' .072 I .08 



128 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART lU. (J'o. 

ARKANSAS KIVKR NEAR NEPE8TA, COLO. 

Tho original stiitioii, established Sept-eml)er 8, 1897, is locat-ed IS 
feet north of Nepesta, Colo., at a wagon bridge, 2(H) feet below 1 
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. The gage consist oj 
vertical timber graduated U) feet and tenths, securely fastened to 
upstream cylinder of the bridge, on the left side of the river. The oh 
nel alx)ve and below the station is stmight for several hundred fe 
while the bed is sandy and shifting, and the results, therefore, are 
altogether satisfactory for the purpose of making a rating table. T 
station was maintained by the Great Plains Water Company ui 
December, VMM). May 1, 1901, another station was established 
A. L. Fellows, assisted by C. W. Beach, at the dam and head gate 
the Oxford Farmers' Canal, H miles west of Nepesta. The stat 
consists of the dam crossing tlie river at the head gate forming a w( 
and a gage rod, consisting of a 2 l)v 6 inch timber, 8 feet long, fastei 
to an oak pile at the south end of the dam; the location being marl 
by spikes driven into the pile at each foot mark. The rod is gradua 
to feet and tenths vertic^illy. At low stages the stream may be u« 
ured by wading, but at high stages it is necessary to use the waj 
bridg(» at Nepesta, making the necessary allowances for inflow lK>tw 
the two points; this can readily ])e done, iis the distance is onl}' all 
a mile. The observer is Z. Swallow, head gat(» keeper of the Oxf 
Fanners' Canal. The st4iti()n will prove of particular value, as i 
nt»ar the head of irrigation district No. 17, one of the most import 
on the Arkansas River. 

The table of the discharge of the Oxford Fanm^rs' Canal has I 
furnished by their srci-etary, F. M. Weiland. Readings were ta 
only on those days when tin* river gage read zero. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made 
C W. Beach: 

May 'j:>: (ia;x<' luM^lit, ().;'>0 feet; dischar^'c, 2'M sccoinl-fewt. 
Juiii' 2S: (;ajr<' hi'i^'ht, ().«)0 f(vt; «liscliar^'o, 127^' Sfcond-fcet. 

IhlUiJ .'/"UA' Iniijht, ill firt, nf Ai'huiS'ts Hirer iirar Xrftrstd, (\dn. 

Day. Aj.r. Mn\. Jutir. July. Aii^r. ^cpt. Oct. N 

YMYl. ■ ' \ \ 

1 0. :».s 0. '.»J 0. 7'J 0. -M I 

2 ' .(;i ^11 :^i> ' .r.y ... 

3 lii (I.::: .*>^ nA .til 1-.- 

4 .:vS .u-2 l.Oa .al .fil ... 

.') s\ .7y i.oj O.JO .VI .59 i.-- 

6 «;:> ..so .'.t.'> .JO i.7.'> .;{'.» .oi ... 

7 .(il .r.7 .'Js ..V.» l.;V) .111 .50 '.-• 

» 5J .75 .•»5 .57 aV2 .:W , .•«'..• 

" WaUT fi'il 0.05 diirini,' «:u>^aiiK. 



ARKANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 129 

hj gage heigki, in feet, of Arkansas River near Nej>eMa, Colo. — Continue<l. 



Day. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


1902. 


0.57 
.60 
.59 
.56 
.62 
.64 
.59 
.61 
.49 
.49 
.42 
.48 
.22 
.27 
.36 
.86 


0.87 

.80 

.85 

1.20 

1.17 

1.16 

1.22 

1.16 

1.21 

1.19 

1.12 

1.02 

.78 

.65 

.64 

.72 

.75 

.73 

2.65 

2.65 

1.72 

1.22 

1.06 


0.98 
.85 
.86 
.87 
.88 
.87 
.86 
.87 
.79 
.75 
.69 
.68 
.61 
.59 
.61 
.53 
.56 
.51 
.51 
1.25 
1.73 
.25 


0.44 

.72 

1.42 

1.60 

.44 

.41 

.39 

.19 

.60 

1.90 

1.30 

.50 

.20 


0.53 
.42 




0.50 
.51 
.49 
.51 
.50 
.51 
.50 
.50 
.49 
.52 














.52 
.60 
.61 
.49 
.50 
.51 
.89 
.19 


0.39 






























.51 ' 




.50 ' 






.52 
.59 
.61 
.56 
.60 
.49 
.48 
.49 
.69 
.59 


.50 ! 




:52i 






* *:55' 

.51 

.25 




.20 
.44 
.51 
1.10 

,.« 

1.12 
.75 
.59 

2.00 


.52 
.51 
.50 
. 52 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.50 
.52 












i 












.17 
.17 
.17 




















i 





Discharge of Oxford Farmers' Canal. 




0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 

o.-oo 



Second-feet 

in Oxford 

Farmen' 

Canal. 



75 
53 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
8 
6 
14 
14 



Date. 



River 
Rftge. 



Second -feet 
I in Oxford 
I Farmers' 
Canal. 



_l- 



August 11 

August 20 

August 21 

August 22 

September 9.. 
September 10 - 
September 11. 
September 12. 
September 13. 
September 15. 
September 16. 

6 i' September 17. 

6 II September 18. 

6 I September 19. 
14 j September 20. 
14 



0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 



80 
14 
14 
14 
30 
14 
14 
18 
20 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 



^^, 26, and 27 gage rod read zero, but no flow in canal recotded, 
BS 84r—03 9 



180 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART HI. 

Jiatifig table for ArkaiiMn River near NepetUif Colo.^ for 190$, 



[VO.M. 



Gaffe 
heiRht. 


Discharge. 


FM. 


Secmtd-feet. 


0.2 


21 


.4 


61 


.6 


200 


.8 


4«5 


l.O 


815 


1.2 


1,217 


1.4 


1,635 



&i. 


DlMharKe. 
Second-fed. 


hei^t. 


Pischaige. 


Gaire 
height. 


Diflchaige. 


FM 


IM. 


Seeond-feeL 


FeeL 


SeeoHd'/eel. 


1.6 


2,067 


3.0 


5,202 


4.4 


8,400 


1.8 


2,506 


3.2 


5,658 


4.6 


8,860 


2.0 


2,949 


3.4 


6,114 


4.8 


9,324 


2. 2 


3,396 


3.6 


6,570 


5.0 


9,788 


2.4 


3,844 


3.8 


7,026 






2.6 


4,296 


4.0 


7,482 






2.8 


4,748 


4.2 


7,940 







Estimated monthly discharge of Arkansas River near Nepesta, Oolo,^ 
[Drainage area 9,130 Hquare miles.] 




DiHchargo in Hecond-fect. 



Minimum. 


Mean. 





119 





936 


28 


566 





312 





643 





87 


108 


129 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



7,081 
57,552 
33, 679 
19,184 
39, 537 
5, 1 77 
7,932 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 
u 

ie. 



per raiiare 



0.013 
.103 
.062 
.034 
.070 
.010 
.013 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.015 
.119 
.069 

.cm 

.081 
.011 
.015 



o These figures do not inehnle the flow of Oxford FarmerH* Canal. 
ARKANSAS RIVER AT 1»UKBL<), COLO. 

This station was ostahlished in Septem})cr, 1894, by A. P. Davis. 
Originally there were two gage rods. The main gage was located at 
the Santii Fe Avenue Bridge and consisted of a vertical 6 by 6 inch 
tiiii})er, and a 1 b\' inch scale bolted to the abutment of the Denver 
and Rio Grande Railroad bridge on the left-hand side of the river, 
graduated to tenths of a foot. There wius also a short vertical rod for 
extreme low water spiked to a pile about 20 feet out in the stream, 
reading the same as the main gagt\ The 12-foot mark of this gage 
was opposite the top of the large capstone. The rod at Victoria 
Avenue Bridge consisted of inclined 4 by 4 inch timbers fastened to 
posts set in the right bank of the stream, graduated to vertical tenths 
of a foot, the space between the marks being 0.242 of a foot. This 
rod was placed in »June, 1895, for the purpose of noting the change in 
the slope of the water surface. The rods were read until July 10, 
1898, when on account of the shifting of the bed of the river they 
were abandoned and a new^ gage was installed on the east side of the 
Main Street Bridge. From this bridge all the discharge measurements 
were made until the season of 1902. 



ARKANSAS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 181 

rbannel at this point is excellent, and it would lie of vorv j^reat 
<> the entire division to have a |>ermanent station of eonerete 
»hed here. The channel, which is of bowlders and ^rnivel, is 
tl by high masonry walls, so that there is little change, except 

tills during low water and scours out during high water. 
w of the stream is rapid, but not too swift for accurate meas- 
its. This station is an important one, being IcK'ated near the 

the principal irrigation portion of the valley, only one ditch of 
iiico iHMng taken out above it in the Pueblo district, although 
nible water is used in the ditches in the neighlmrliood of Can- 
liieh is in another water district. It is upon the gagings made 
jK>iiit that the water superintendents and commissioners dej^end 
:ri>>ution of water to ditches below. 

injrs were made at Main street bridge until Man*h H, 11>(H), when 
to the scouring of the channel it became necessary to replace 
ire >>y one about 60 feet below the south end of the Dnion 

bridge. This gage was a 2 by G inch vertical timl>er, bolted 

e former rod to the masonry wall and graduated to feet and 

On June 18, liMH), this rod was connected with a bench mark 

coi>ing at the northwest corner of the Union avenue bridge, 

was found to l)e IJ^.TO feet a>>ove the zero of the rod. In 
. 11M)2, another rod exactly similar to the one last mentioned was 

in a vertical position to the masonry wall on the right-hand 
f the river about 30 feet above the south end of the Union 
' bridge. All gage heights up to July 14, 1902, were taken 
the rod just below the Union avenue bridge. After July 14, 
the readings were taken from the rod above the }>ridge, the 
iitions on the fonner rod being too dim to be read at low water, 
erence of 0.2 of a foot existed between the two rods when the 
ne was set, the new rod reading 0.2 of a foot higher than the old 
In all the discharge measurements made during li)02 the gage 
: was taken from the new rod above the Union avenue bridge, 
bserver during 1902 was T. J. Burrows, water commissioner of 
leblo water district. 

Dii^rhnrge mewmremtixt^ o/ ArkanjMs River at PneUn, Colo. 



Date. 


Hytln»Knipher. 


Ffil. S<r 
l.SO ' 

:{.:{0 

1.80 ' 
1.60 j 

2.05 \ 


clmrRi'. 


1902. 
> 


J E. Field 


220 




C. W.Beach 

do 

.I.E. Field 


1,823 
193 
130 


24 

»>er 1 

bf-rl^/ 


M.C. Hinderlider 

a W.BvHch 

....(In 


358 











132 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



f^i 



IhtUy ijwje height^ in feet ^ of Arkafi»ts River at Jhieftlo, Colo. 



Day. I Jan. ' ¥vh. 

I I _' 

" ~ \' '\ 

1902. ; ! 

1 1 -1.20 4.20 I 

2 2.20 j 3.70 , 

3 2.20 3.70 

4 2.30 3.fi0 I 

6 2.30 3.f>0 

6 2. 20 3. fiO 

7 2.25 3.50 I 

8 2.-25 3.70 I 

9 2.10 3.70 

10 2.10 i 3.50 ' 

11 2.10 3.70 

12 2.15 I 3. SO 

13 2.10 3.70 

14 2. 10 3.40 

16 2.10 ' 3.25 

16 2. 10 2. -20 ' 

17 2.10 2.70 

18 2. 30 ' 2. 20 

19 2.30 2.15 

20 2. 20 2. 10 

21 2.10 I 2.10 

22 2.05 I 2.10 

Zi I 2.00 1.95 ' 

24 2.10 i l.K) 

25 2. lU 1.70 

2G I 2. 15 2. 10 ' 

27 2. 15 2. lU 

2x ' 2. 2t) 2. 10 

29 2. 20 

W 2. 20 ' 

31 2. 20 

I 



Mar. Afpr Mit^ 



2.10 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
2.00 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
2.05 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
1.95 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
l.iK) 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
J. SO 



l.so 

LHO 
1.W 
l.W 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.95 
1.90 
l.SO 
l.HO 
1.80 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
l.SO 
1.90 
2. 10 
2. (M) 
2. (K) 
2. (X) 



JUI»«, 



•L&b 

tm 

tm j 

|2.c.5] 

2.65 

3.W ■ 

3.40 

' 3.40 

; 3.40 ' 

3.40 

i I 

3. 40 

3.40 { 

I 3. 40 

3.40 

3.:« i 

3.05 

I 
2.M5 

' 2.60 I 

2.40 

2.:u) 

I 2.20 
2. 40 



2. 70 
2. 70 



:2.^ 
3.60 

2.m 

2,70 
2. to 
2.70 
'LIQ 
'iTO 
2. 55 
2.50 
2.70 
2.67 
2.65 
2.65 
2.60 
2.65 
2.50 
2. 35 
2.30 
2.40 
2.:K) 
2. '20 
2. 20 
2.10 
2.00 
l.<*0 
2. 20 

2. ;vs 

2. 00 



JulyJ Aiiff. Sept. iX'i. .Xmv iJi< 



2LW 

2.QA 

i.m 

1.70 
1,70 
1.70 

2.05 
1.70 
1.70 
2.00 
1.60 
1.60 
2.02 
2.30 
2.30 
2.20 
2.30 
2.10 
2.10 
2.00 
1.K5 
l.so 
1.70 
2.20 
l.eiO 
1.50 
1.30 



1.30 
1.40 
1.75 
l.HO 
8.10 
3.00 
2.70 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.80 
1.80 
2.35 
2.25 
2.30 
2.10 
2.30 
3. 45 
2. 10 
1.90 
2.00 
2.25 



! -i.-^ 

1.90 

2.00 

' 2.00 

2.00 

' 2.00 

2.00 

• 2.00 

2.00 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

2.00 

1.90 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

\ 2.00 

j 2.25 

' 2. 15 

' 2.10 

2.10 

2.10 

; 2. 10 

1.90 
I 1.90 
' 2.00 

2.00 



2.00 
2.00 
2. 10 
2.10 
2. 10 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.10 
2. 10 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 



-J. ||- 
■J ]ii 
t ]0 

iiu 

2.HJ 
2,10 
2.111 

2A9 
2- ]0 
2.10 
2.00 
U.JU 
\LW 



■J. IIS 

-.:. jt ' 

1. 20 

2, 10 I 
2. 10 I 

2.15 I 
2,10 I 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 



»1 



3.; 

2.31 



I 



lUithnj tdhh' for Arhnv<ti.^ Klnr of Pftthht^ Colo. ^ for 190^. 



Gage 
heiKht. 


DisclmrKi*. 


Gagf 
hoiglil. 


Discharge. 

1 


hi'iKhl. 

1 


Oi.schargo. 

1 


(Jage 
' height. 


Discharge. 


hWt. 


Srcoud-fnt. 


F.i. 


Sfrin\il-Jr,t. 


Ffft. 


.*v coU(l-/rrt. 


Ffet. 


>iectmd-/ert. 


1.0 


20 


3.0 


OK.=S 


1 5. 


3, 523 


7.0 


6,5;^ 


1.2 


43 


3.2 


1,205 


5. 2 


3,811 


7.2 


6,855 


1.4 


80 


3.4 


1,443 


. 5. 4 


4, 103 


7.4 


4,176 


!.(> 


121> 


3. (> 


1,»>87 


5. () 


4, 398 


7.6 


7,501 


1.8 


IW . 


3. S 


1,931 


' 5. 8 


4, 696 


7.8 


7,829 


2.0 


2a'S 


4.0 


2,175 


1 6.0 


4,996 


8.0 


8, 157 


•> •) 


3()0 


4.2 


2, 425 


0. 2 


5, :^X) 


8.2 


8,485 


2.4 


481 


4.4 


2, t>85 


. 0.4 


5, 605 


8.4 


8,813 


2.H 


H25 


4.H 


2, 957 


6. (> 


5, 913 








:{n 


4.8 


3, 238 


1 (i.8 


(), 224 

\ 


\ 





rp.K] 



ARKANSAS BIVEB DBAINAGE BASIN. 



138 



E^imaUd motithly discharge of Arkan9as River at Puehlo, Colo, 
[Dndnage aretk, 4,600 square miles.] 



I 



Diachar^ in second-feet. 



Month; 






1902. 



Boar}' . 
Ii^bnian' 

rh... 

ril.... 

Hy .... 



Maximum. 



bptember. 
fctober ... 
Ibvember . 
llBcember . 



The year 



Minimum. 



417 

425 

310 

310 

443 I 

791 

382 

321 

360 

:m 

417 



Mean. 



285 
158 
190 
190 
265 
225 
60 
60 
225 
265 
265 
287 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



8,321 I 



60 



343 
1,070 
258 
234 
876 j 
543 I 
277 I 
613 I 
271 
311 
307 
333 



453 



21,090 

59,425 

15, 86:^ 

13,924 

53,863 

32,311 

17,032 

37,692 

16, 126 i 

19, 123 i 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 

pcrrauart^ 

mile. 



18,268 ! 
20,475 ! 



325, 192 



0. 075 
. 231 

.m\ 

.051 
.190 
.116 
.060 I 
.13;^ ! 
.059 ; 
.0«)8 
.0*57 ! 
. 072 

.098 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.086 
.241 
.065 
.057 
.219 
.129 
.069 
. 153 
.0(m 
.078 
.075 
.083 

1.321 



ARKANSAS RIVER NEAR CANYON, COLO. 

This Station is located at the Hot Springs Hotel, li miles west of 
"Caoyon and a short distance below the mouth of drape C-reek. 
Observations at this point were begun on April 17, 1881), the station 
being established here by Robert Robertson. The record has been 
maintained sine^. that time, with occasional breaks due to absence or 
change of observer. The station is of special importance, being 
located at the mouth of the canyon and at a i)oint pi-acticall y above all 
of the irrigation ditches, except the Canyon City ditch (sometimes 
called the North Side ditch) and the South Canyon ditch (sonu^times 
called the South Side ditch), l)oth of which head above the station. 
During the irrigation season each of these ditches carries from 25 to 
^ cubic feet of water per second, according to the needs of the irri- 
gators, and their discharge should be added to the discharge at the 
station in order to obtain the total run-off at the mouth of the canyon. 
This site was used in 1888 for a gaging station by the State engineer 
of Colorado, and is highly favorable for obUiining accurati^ measure- 
ment. The channel of the river is straight for several hundred yards, 
both above and telow, and the current, though swift, is not too great 
at high water nor too sluggish at low stages for satisfactory results. 
The \tiinks on both »idea are high and are not overflowed. T\\e e,TO%6 



134 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. l^o. 

section is regular and has not ))een subject to notable changes, excep"^ 
on the right bank, near the gage, where a sand bar has formed at timess 
of low water. 

The gage rod established by Mr. Kobertson was of 2 l)y r> inch timber*^ 
inclined, and attached to the crib of an old bridge on the south or rights- 
band side of the river, almost directly in front of the hotel. Ther^ 
were two l^ench marks: No. 1, on the top of a log of the cril); eleva*— 
tion, 10.01 feet al>ove the datum; No. 2, in the cleft of a red l)Owlde:»* 
at the foot of a charred stump 50 feet downstream and on th(* sam^ 
side of the river; elevation, 9.(50 feet. On April 18, 1891, the statiois 
was inspected by Frank Tweedy, and a third bench mark wits ostal>- 
lished, this l)eing a l)edded rock 40 feet from the north end of the 
cable, toward Hot Springs Hotel and 10 feet from the river bank. It 
is marked "B. M. No. 3, U. S. G. S.,'' and is 15.98 feet above the 
zero of the gage. The present observer is Dr. J. L. Prentiss. 

The measurements were at first made from a car suspended from a 
cable stretched across the river, the bridge from which measurements 
were originall}^ made b}' the State engineer having been destioyed. 
Later a new suspension bridge was constructed in front of the hotel, 
necessitating the removal and replacement of the gjige,and subsequent 
measurements were made from this bridge, which, having a dear span, 
offers no obstruction to the current. On October 4, 1895, it was found 
that the top of the gage had been broken off, necessitating its renewal 
for readings during high water. The channel was found to be filled 
with sjmd and gmvel in front of the gjigc*, requirino- considerable work 
in order to make the water flow to the rod. It was decided, thert^fore, 
to put in a new gage where the streanj could not deposit material. A 
point was chosen about 100 feet lielow the bridge, on the left bank, 
and a crib was l)uilt, anchored in plaee by rocks and ]K)lts, the lower 
end of the gage being fastened to it. The upper (Mid of the inclined 
portion was attached to a junipcM* tree. On December 27, lst»r>, the 
station wjts inspected, and it was found that readings had bc^en made 
from the old rod, which, at the stage of water prevailing, recorded 
about 0.40 of a foot above the new hkI on the* opposite side of the river. 
When the water is high and extends with un))r(>ken surface from bank 
to bank the readings are the same, but at low water the observations 
on the old rod are misleading, owing to the a<*cuniulation of sand and 
gravel in front of it. 

On August 'JO, 1902, owing to the shifting of the channel a new rod, 
consisting of 4 by 4-inch timber, was placed in an inclined position on 
the north or left bank of the river at the site of thc^ previous rod just 
Iwlow the north end of the suspi^nsion bridge. The rod on this date 
read j)ractically the same as the old rod. The b(»nch mark is th(» top 
point of a gmnite boulder emlx^dded in the earth tlo feet east of the 
south end of the bridge^ and about lo fe(»t fronj the south bank of the 
j'jvcr. The xoro of the rod is 1(5. (C)^ fret l)elow the bendi mark. 



\ 



n&ELL.] 



ARKANSAS RIVEB BBAINAGE BASIN. 



135 



The following discharge measurementn were made during 1902 by 
J. E. Field and M. C. Hinderlider: 

April 21: Gage height, 2.20 feet; discharge, 323 second-feet. 
July 26: Gage height, 1.60 feet; discharge, 165 second-feet. 
August 26: Gage height, 2.00 feet; discharge, 226 second-feet. 

Daily ga^e height, in feH, of Arhmms River near Canyon^ Colo. 



• 



t^J. 


J»i. 


F«l)- 


Jt&r, 


Aiir. 


Ki^r. 


June, 


juir. 


Auif. 


2.20 
2.15 

2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.95 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
l.iO 

i.« 

1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 

i.eu 

2.10 
■i.J«J 
2.20 
2.15 
2. 15 
U. 10 
J. 05 
ZW 
2.00 
2.05 


Got. 

2.10 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2. 25 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.26 
2.25 
±-^ 
2,20 
2.2M 
2.30 

2.3U 

±m 
2,;*o 

zm 

2.30 
2,20 
2,30 
2.20 
2.20 
2.m) 
2.25 
2.20 


Nov. 

2.30 
2. '25 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.1.) 
2.20 
2.20 

2,:;o 
2.3U 
2.») 
2.20 
2.L«0 
2.20 
2.90 
2.»6 

2,ao 

2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2,30 
...... 


l)w. 


IW? 

1 


2.30 
2.30 
^30 
2-30 
iL« 
2.20 

^30 

f.® 
2.20 
2.30 
2.90 
2.30 
3.30 
2.80 

^ao 

2.20 

^20 
2,20 
2,20 
2.20 
2,20 
fl.90 
%» 

2.ao 

2.20 


2.U0 

2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2,30 
2.30 
2.30 


2.90 

%m 
2.30 

3.30 
2,30 


2.40 
2.40 

%iQ 
2.40 
2.60 
2,45 
Z40 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2,10 
2.10 
2.00 
2.0O 
^,00 
2.00 

2.10 
2.10 
2J5 
2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
2:. 00 
2.10 
2.10 
220 
2.26 


2.3S 
140 
2.»1 
2.60 
2.75 
2.«0 
3.00 
3. IS 
3.25 
8l«0 
3.«0 
3.7& 
3.70 
3. TO 
3.60 
3.Tfi 
3. fig 
3.fi0 
3,40 
3.20 
2.90 
2.70 
2.&5 

2.60 
2.d0 


3.05 

a. 00 

2,9& 
2.00 
2.00 
2,90 

2,ftft 


2. no 

2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
1.8« 
I. HO 


1.5H 

].W 
1,90 
2.00 
.L40 
*J,75 
2.05 
1,7X 
1.70 
1. (V2 
l.tD 
1.70 
1.65 
1.70 
1.75 
1,W 
1.H0 
1.S0 
1,**0 

i.m 

2 00 
1.90 
1.90 
2.30 
3.00 

2.<yv 

2.40 
2.3-"» 
2.2S 


2.30 


f ........ 

I.,.., 


2.40 
2.40 


f 


2.40 


a„,. 


2.30 


f.. 


2.30 




2.30 


1... .. .,,.,,.„.... 


2.75 , 2.00 
2. 00 ; 2.2'i 
2.00 l.W 

2,90 ' t.m 

2.90 1 l.?i 
2H0 1.08 
2,80 1,<J2 
-2.80 ' IfUi 


2.30 


t ._... 


^30 1 2.ao 

2.^ ^ !LJn 


2.30 


M, , 


2.30 


11..*.. 

lf_. ,, ...„ 


2,30 
2.30 
2,30 

2.30 
2.30 
2,30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
13» 
2.80 
2,30 
2.30 
2.30 


±m 

2.30 
2.30 
2.30 
2.») 
2.30 
2.30 
2,»0 
2.30 
2. SO 
2.40 
2.40 
2.10 
2.40 
%4D 
2.40 
2,40 
2.40 
2.40 


•2.20 
2.20 


S ,._ 


2.20 


M. ...,,.... 


2.35 


i. 


2.40 


M,. _. 


2.30 
2,70 
2,70 

2.eo 

25& 
2.50 
2.35 
2.20 


1.S5 

i.a) 

l.iS 
2.40 
2.10 
2.25 


2.15 


If., -*.... 


2.60 


11 ,. 

1.. -. 

M.. .. . „„,._._.. 


240 
2.35 
2.30 


I ... -. 

n, 


2,30 
2,40 


a. . -. ..* 


2.40 


M. , 


2.05 1 1.95 
2.10 l.flft 


2.50 


IS. . 


2.50 
2.15 


IP..,.,.....,...,.., 

>l...,. 


3,15 2.W 1 L.=W 
3.3!% ' 2.50 \ l.hU 
XOO 1 ■' -iS 1 J"2 


2.40 
2.30 


3 .... 


2,20 


»,„„,.,. 


3,00 
3,00 


•Lid 




2.10 
2.15 



Rating table for Arkanaas River near Canyon, Coin., for 1902. 



he^t. 


DinchaiKe. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


DiMt^harge. 


hei^\. 
1 Fed. 


Diwhargo. 


FtH. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second/fft. 


Ftrt. 


SiToml-feti. 


1.0 


62 


1.7 


ia5 


2.4 


:^oo 


1 3.1 


716 


1.1 


78 


1.8 


206 


2.5 


393 


; 3. 2 


791 


1.2 


94 


1.9 


22S 


2.() 


432 


! 3. 3 


H72 


1.3 


110 


2.0 


252 


2.7 


476 


1 ^'"^ 


957 


1.4 


128 


2.1 


277 


2.8 


527 


i 3.5 


1,046 


1.5 


146 


2.2 


30:3 


2.9 


584 


1 3. 6 


1,139 


1.6 


165 


2.3 

1 


331 


3.0 


647 


: 3. 7 

1^ 


1,236 



186 STREAM MEAdUBElCSNTS IX 19Q2, PAST HI. 

EdimaUd monthly (litharge of Arkawns River near Oanyon, Oolo, 

[I>raina«re area, 3,060 nqiukrc miles.] 



[so. 81 



Month. 



1902. 



January 
February . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

Septem})er. 
October ... 
November . 
December . 



The year . 



DiACharKe in second-feet. 



I 



Maximum. 



3:n 

331 
360 
393 

681 

360 

647 

303 

345 

:)45 I 

393 ! 



Minimum. ' 



Mean. 



Total in acre- 
feet 



303 
3a3 
331 
228 
345 
264 
128 
161 
228 
277 
277 
277 



1,286 I 



128 



317 
325 
337 

294 
757 
481 
229 1 
270 I 
254 I 
313 I 
294 ; 



342 



351 



Rnn-olf. 



Second-feet n^^,^ ,_ 



19,492 
18,050 
20,721 
17,494 
46,546 
28,622 
14,081 
16,602 
15, 114 
19,246 
17,494 
21,029 



254,491 



0.104 I 
.106 I 
.110 I 
..096 I 
.250 I 
.157 I 
.075 I 
.090 j 
.083 I 
.102 , 
.100 
.112 



.115 



0.12 
.11 
.18 
.11 
.29 
.18 
.09 
.10 
.09 
.12 
.11 
.13 



1.58 



ARKANSAS RIVER AT SALIDA, COLO. 

This station is located at the footbridge near the railroad shops at 
Salida, Colo. It was originally established by the Denver and Kio 
Gnmdellailroad April 11, 181*5. The original gage rod was a vertical 
timber fastened to the north side of the footbridge. Considerable diffi 
culty was experienced by its being knocked out by ice and by logs during 
high water, and a new inclined gage rod was put in place during the 
spring of 1901 by J. E. P'ield, consisting of a i) by G inch oak timl)er 
fastened to the noi-th trestle of the bridge, the graduations being, 
extended by marks on the trestle above the timber. On July 31, 1901. 
the gage was lowei-ed and set farther out into the stream. 

Another gage was established at this station on August 27, 19(>2, 
the zei-o of which is 1.10 feet below the zeio of the old gage. The 
gage heights from this date are taken on the new rod. 

The measurements are all made from the suspension footbridge Vmck 
of the Denver and Rio Gmnde Railroad. 

The banks are high and do not overflow. The l)ed of the stream 
consists of sand, gmvel, and boulders. Two large boulders interfere 
to a great extent with the accuracy of the results. As the station is 
an important one, these })Oulders should be removed, so as to improve 
the chai'acter of the channel, and thus render the results of me^.sure- 
ments more reliable. The stream is very swift at this jwint, but the 
channel is straight, and the discharge can readily Ue measured from 



ARKANSAS BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



137 



the footbridge. Little water is used above Salida, and none is used 
below that place until Canyon is reached. The obsen-er is William 
Fumiss. The gage heights have be^n sent to the local forecast official 
of the Weather Bureau at Denver, who has had them published in the 
morning papers. 

DMiarge measurnnmU of ArkariMU Rher al Stilulaf Coio. 



Date. 



1902. 



Hydrufnnpher. 



J. E. Fielil . 



Apnl 11 

April 12 ! do 

Mays ! do 

3iUyl9 ! do 

May 12 | M. C. Hinderlider . 

Julv26 ' do 



Gagf 


Diwhancv. 


Fni. 


Srntnd-ft ti. 


o.r>5 


273 


.5.') 


286 


1.40 


706 


1.80 


1,144 


2.20 


1,804 


.:^o 


224 



Daily gage Iieighl, infeetf of ArkaiMut Hirer at Sitlitin^ CUo. 



Day. 


Apr. 


May. 

0.75 
.85 
.95 


June. 


1. .. 


19Q2. 


0.10 
.10 
.10 
.10 


1.46 


2 --- 


1.60 


3 




1 SR 


4 




1.10 ' 1.80 


.1... 




1.10 ■ 1.30 


f 




1.30 i 1.30 



June. ' July. Aiy?. . Sept. Oct. 



».. 
10.. 
11.. 
12.. 
W.. 
».. 
15.. 
16... 



19.. 
2D.. 
21.. 

•a.. 

3.. 
24.. 
25.. 
26.. 



.90 ! 

.90 I 

.30 

.25 

.20 

.20 

.20 

.20 

.20 

.10 

.10 

.10 

.20 

.35 

.45 

.35 

.30 

.30 

.30 

.35 

.45 



2K 


' r-) 


•J9. 


..TO 


.U 


tJO 


31 





0.75 


1.45 


O.HO 


0.20 i 


1.20 


1.10 


.85 


1.60 1 


.70 


.25 ; 


1.30 


1.10 


.95 


1.35; 


.55 


.:jo 


1.20 


1.-20 


1.10 


i.ao; 


.45 


.30 


1.05 ' 


1.20 


1.10 


1.30 : 


.40 


.35 


1.00 


1.20 


1.30 


1.30 


.35 


.40 


1.00 


1.-20 


1.55 


1.30 ' 


.30 


.40 


1.00 


1.20 


1.60 


1.30 


.'.^ 


.30 


1.00 


l.'iO 


1.60 


1.20 


.2.'> 


.'JO 


l.W» 


1.20 


1.70 


1.20 


.20 


.20 


1.00 


1.-20 


I. HO 


1.20 


.20 


.20 


1.00 


1.20 


1.S5 


1.20 


.20 


.•20 


1.00 


1.20 


2.00 


1.10 


•20 


.20 


1.00 


1.15 


2.05 


1.10 


.20 ; 


.lol 


1.00 


1.10 


2. 10 


l.ft") 


.20 


.10 


1.00 


1.10 


2. 10 


1.00 


.!.-» 


.10 


1.00 


1.00 


2.00 


1.00 


.10 


.10 


.90 


1.00 


2.00 


.90 


.10 


.10 


.HT, 


.9.-> 


1.75 


."') 


..'lO 


.15 


.H) 


1.00 


1.55 


.70j 


.«M) 


.40 


.«0 


i.a'. 


1.15 


.70 


..V) 


.GO 


.80 


1.00 


.»5 


.</) ' 


..')0 . 


. 5,') 


1.15 


1.00 


.90 


.00 


.40 , 


.:i5 


1.25 


l.tt-> 


.90 


..v> 


.:u» > 


.:«) 


l.*20 


1.10 


.»->. 


.50 ■ 


.2-'> 1 


.:« 


i.i:> 


1.10 


1.20 


.TK) ' 


. ir. 1 


.30 


1.10 


1.10 


1.5() 


70 ' 


.10 1 


"i.:U) 


LOT. 


I.a-) 


1.45 


.70 


.10 


l.-i5 


1.10 


MNI 


1.45 


..SO 


.10 ; 


I. -JO 


1.10 


.90 


l.tiO 


.HO 


.10 


1.20 


1.10 


.90 


1.40 




.20 ; 


1.20 . 




.90 



«New rod placed cm thin date. Old nui n'ut) U.2/«ir»r; iifw ru<i rt'Hd 1.30 (eel. The hel^hlK twm 
IhJs thoe oa Are nmd from the new njd. 



188 STREAM MBASUBBXENTS IK 1902, PART III. 

Bating table for Arhamas Rkier at Salida^ Ooh., far 190f.<t 



[Mast 



hdl^t 


IMwliuKe. 


mSi- 


I>iaeluu8e. 


hl8S?t. 




faelgSt. 


Diflchuge. 


JM. 


aeeond^eeL 


FuL 


Seamd^eH. 


FM, 


Seamd-ftH, 


FixL 


Setxmd-feeL 


-0.3 


140 


.5 


268 


1.3 


622 


2.1 


1,615 


- .2 


150 


.6 


293 


1.4 


702 


2.2 


1,799 


- .1 


162 


.7 


320 


1.6 


798 


2.3 


1,991 


.0 


175 


.8 


353 


1.6 


906 


2.4 


2,188 


.1 


190 


.9 


393 


1.7 


1,024 


2.6 


2,388 


.2 


206 


1.0 


441 


1.8 


1,150 






.8 


224 


1.1 


494 


1.9 


1.287 






.4 


245 


1.2 


554 


2.0 


1,442 







•This table Si nfemd to the old gage. In nsiiig it 1.10 feet were fubtrKOtecl from all gage helghli 
after Angiwtas. 

E^HmaUd vumOiSty diMduntge qf Arkaruaa River at Salida, Colo. 
[Drainage area, 1,160 aquare milen.] 



1902. 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September... 
October 



DiMSliaige in aeoond-feet. 



Xazimnm. 



293 
1,615 
798 
363 
293 
206 
190 



Minimum. 



190 
336 
268 
190 
190 
140 
160 



Mean. 



219 
862 
467 
229 
217 
168 
174 



Total in 
acre-feet 



13,a31 
52,387 
27,788 
14, 081 
13, 343 
9,997 
10,699 



Run-off. 



'"'m'Se"'~ 


Depth in 
inches. 


0.19 


0.21 


.73 


.84 


.40 


.46 


.20 


.2:^ 


.19 


.22 


.14 


.16 


.15 


.17 



Miiicellanemtii mewmrements in the Arkamas /?tivr drainage iMuthi for 1902, 
[Made by W. P. Edwards.] 



Date. 



July 11 . 
July 12. 



stream. 


Locality. 


Dist'harRe. 


Trout Creek 


Newell 

Mount Princeton.. 


Srcoitd-fid. 

.1 4 


Chalk Creek 


17 




1 



TnswwLL,] WE9TEBN MISSISfllPPI RTVER DRAIXAGK. 139 

KKD KIVER I>RArNrAGK BA8IX. 

The headwaters of the Red River include wevei-al forks, all of which 
have their sources in northern Texas. Red River takes a geneial 
easterly direction along the northern boundary of Texas, and then 
turns toward the southeast and flows through a low, swampy region 
in Louisiana into the Mississippi, not far from the southern lx>undAry 
of Mississippi. The Washita River rises in northern Texas, crosses 
southern Oklakoma, and flows into the Red River in the southern jwirt 
of Indian Territory, about 10 miles from Denison, Tex. 

The Sulphur Fork of the Red River has its headwaters in Hunt and 
Fannin counties, flows eastward, forming the])oundary lietween Delta, 
Red River, and Bowie counties on the north, and Hopkins, Fi-anklin, 
Titus, Morris, and Cass counties on the south, and empties into the 
Red River in Arkansas al)out 7 miles north of the Imundary line 
between that State and Ijouisiana. The flow of this river is very 
unreliable, changing with the rainfall. If the summer is at all dry it 
ceas<\s to flow altogether, Imt there always remains enough water 
standing in pools to water stock. During or innnediately after pro- 
tracted or unusually heavy i*ains, the river becomes very wide and 
deep, floods its bottoms, and often occasions considera))le loss of stock 
and damage to planters and the railroads. 

The Big Cypress River has its headwaters in Franklin and Titus 
counties, flows in a generally easterly direction, and empties into the 
Red River. The flow of the riv^er is unreliable, varying with the rain- 
fall. In the summer it ceases to flow, be(»oming dry, except in those 
places where the water stands in holes. After long or heavy rains 
the stream is lia])le to overflow its banks. 

The Washita River at Anadarko is the only regular stjition in the 
Red River drainage basin. 

WASHITA RIVER AT ANADARKO, OKTA. 

This station, esta))lished October 25, 1902, hy W. G. Russell, is 
loaited at the highway bridge, one- half mile noilh of the Anadarko 
railroad depot. The gage is of the usual wire type, with the scale- 
))oard graduated to feet and tenths, and spiked to the hand mil of the 
bridge. The initial point for sounding is on the right ])ank. The 
channel both al)ove and below the sbition is straight for 200 feet; the 
right Imnk is high, and the left Imnk is low; both ])anks arc lia))le to 
overflow; the ])ed of the stream is sandy and constant. The o])ser\'er 
is James 11. Dunlap, who re^ids the gJige once each day. 

The following dis<'harge measurement was made in ltK)2: 
OctohJer 25: Cta^t^ height, 2.50 feet; diwiharge, 171 8econ(i-feet. 



140 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART HI. 

Tkttly gage height^ in feet ^ of Washita Rii^er at AnadarkOj Okla. 



[so. 84. 



Day. r>ct. 

1 


Nov. 


Dec. 


Day. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


1902. 1 


2.50 
2.70 
2.70 
4.30 
4.H5 
4.50 
3.50 
3. -20 
3.00 
2.80 
2.70 
2.70 
2.70 
2.70 
2.70 
2.60 


. 4.00 
3.80 
3.70 
3.60 
3.50 
3.40 
3.40 
3.30 
3.20 
3. -20 
3.20 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.30 
5.60 


1902. 
17 




1 
•2.60 
•2.60 
2.60 , 
•2.60 
•2.70 
•2.80 ' 
7.40 1 
9.20 
7.60 
6.70 
5.40 1 
4.80 1 
4.60 ' 

.«! 

! 


7. 2D 


2 


i« ; 

19 

•20 

21 

•22 1 

•23 

24 1 


6.10 


3 

4 


4.90 
3.90 


6 

6 ' 


3.70 
8.00 


7:::::: ' 


3.50 


A ' 


3 40 


9 


•26 


3.30 


10 ! 


•26 

•27 

28 

29 


2.50 
•2.50 
•2.50 
•2.50 
2.50 
2.50 


3.*20 


11 


3.10 


12 ' 


3.10 


IS 


3.10 


"::::::::::::: 1 


30 


3.10 


16 . .. . 


31 


3.10 


16 






) 





Miscellaneous mecunirements in tlu Red River drahuige fxisin. 



Date. 


stream. 


Locality. 


Dte- 
charge. 


1902. 
December 23 


Stilphur Fork 


St Louis Southwestern 
Railroad bridge, near 
Naples, Tex. 

St. Ijoxus South westt'm 
Railroad bridge, near 
Pittsburg, Tex. 

Camden, Ark 


See,-/M. 
«3,097 


December 24 

November 17 . 


Big Cypress 

Ouftt'liitA 


^ 101 
2, 477 


November 15 


Re<l 


Ciarlan<l, Ark. 


18,627 







"Water 6 feet (approximately) above normal winter level. 
f* Water 2 feet (approximately) alwve normnl winter level. 

WESTEKN C4TrLF DRAINACiE. 

Those vstations from which the United States (reological Survey 
has obtained data during 1902, and which are located on rivens which 
drain into that portion of the Gulf of Mexico west of the Mississippi 
River, have been grouj^ed into the following dminuge basins: Sabine, 
Neches, Trinity, Brazos, Colorado (of Texas), (hiadalupe, and Rio 
Grande. 

SABIXE IIIVER DRAINAGK liASIX. 

The Sabine River has its headwaters in Collin and Hunt counties, 
flows in a soutlieasterly direction to th(^ State line, then south, forming 
the lw)undarv ])etween Texas and Louisiana, and empties into Sa})ine 
Lake, an arm of the Gulf, near Orange, Tex. WhiMi measured on 



SABINE AND mCOHES DRAIKAaE. 



141 



December 25, 1902, the river was swollen by the mins of the previous 
two months. At the time the measurement was taken the river was 
150 feet wide and had a maximum depth of 19 feet, which was said, 
by those residing near by, to be about 3 feet above normal. The banks 
are steep and the river is deep in the whole cross section. Thedrain- 
tfe-mrea of the Sabine above Orange, Tex., is 10,400 square mile^. 
The principal tributary of the Sabine is the Big Sandy River, which 
rises in the northern part of Wood County, flows southeast through 
Wood and Upshur counties, and empties into the Sabine River near 
the town of Big Sandy. The stream has a reliable flow throughout 
the entire year. Its flow as measured December 25, 1902, was con- 
siderably in excess of the least flow of the stream, because there had 
been a protracted rainy period before the measurement was taken. 
There were at one time three mills on this stream, all of which are 
now abandoned or destroyed. The Seagore mill was situated about 
IW yards below the crossing of the county road where the measure- 
ment was made. A dam, made by driving piling and tilling in with 
stone, was used to store the water and give a greater fall. The fall 
obtained was 6 feet. The plant fell into decay and was finally washed 
away by floods. Almost all traces of the mill are now gone. Three 
miles farther upstream is the Silas Smith mill site, and still farther 
upstream the Kay mill site. EsLch of these mills has shared the same 
fate. 

MiaceJlaneous meamiremerUg in the Sabine draimuje b*mn. 



Date. 


Stream. 


Locality. 


Dis- 
charge. 


1902. 
December 25 


Sabine River 


At St. Lonis Southwestern 
Railroad crossing. 

At county road crossing, 2 
miles northeast of Big 
Sandy. 


Sec.-ffd. 
1,150 


Do 


Big Sandy River 


iss 









NECHB8 RIVER DRArNAGE BASIN. 

The Neches River rises in Van Zandt County and flows through the 
heavily wooded section of east Texas and finally empties into Sabine 
Lake near Beaumont. Its drainage area above Beaumont is 10,200 
scjuare miles. Its largest tributary is the Angelina, but it receives 
many smaller streams in its course, and on account of its flowing 
through a timbered section the flow of these tributaries, although 
small, is reliable, and many of them support small water-i)ower plants. 
These plants are located in Van Zandt, Henderson, Angelina, San 
Augustine, Houston, and Tyler counties and are to be taken up and 
described later in a special report by T. U. Taylor on "The Water 



142 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [soM. 

Power and Water Supply of Texas/' When niCHsuFed on Septemlwr 
10, 11>()2, the water was what is termed in ejust Texas elear water, but 
it had th(^ leaf-stain color and gave a ehroniine color to white object* 
beneath the surface. Ne^ir (frai)eland, in Houston County, the San 
Pedro has its head and almost at its inc^jption has sufficient w^ater to 
support the water-jjower plant of Ferguson & Weisingcr, where a 
12-foot overshot wheel operates a gristmill and cotton gin of 50 saws. 

In its lower sections the Neches ]>ecomes more sluggish in its flow, 
has deep w^ater, and partakes of the bayou chamctc^ristics nearer the 
Gulf. Near Beaumont the w ater from Lake Sa]>ine sometimes impreg- 
nates it with salt water. 

The princiiml tributiiry of the Neches is the Angelina, which rises in 
Smith County, flows in a southeastwardly direction, and empties into 
the Neches near TownblutT. It wjis measured December 27, 1902, 
after protnu'ted niins, at the crossing of the Houston PLast and West 
Texius Railroad, alK)ut !♦ miles north of Lufkin, Tex., }>y Edwaixl C. H. 
Bantel. The flow at that time was ronsidembly above the average. 
This is considered a reliable stn^im, and is said to never go dry at thk 
point. It is subject to floods which imindate ext<5nsive lx)ttom lands, 
and cause considenible damages 

MiH(rU(tne(mi< nwnsunuunh in the Xfrhet* draiiwijf. 



'^'^'^'"'y- I ch';^. 



HH)2. src.fot. 

I 

Soj)t(Mn])er 10 Njm-Im's IntiTiiational ami (iroat , -^ 

Northern Railroad , 
hrid^o. ' 

Do<'t*inlH*r 27 Vn^t'lina Xorlli of Liifkin l,Ht)l 



TRINITY JMVKU DltAlXACiK HA81X. 

The Trinity Kivcr risrs in ;i network of sni:ill streams in the coun- 
ties of Montnguc, Wise, iind Parker, hut their combined capacity at 
Dallas is not siiflicient to keep tin* bottom or IkmI of the stream moist. 
The United Staters (reological Survey maintained a station at Dallas 
for a time, ))ut it was abandoned on account of th(^ small discharge. 
Below Dallas the Trinity flows through a wooded countiy% and conse- 
quently it is not subject to the sudden Hoods with their quick run-offs. 

TRINITY UrV?:R AT KIVKKSIDK, TEX. 

The drainage area of the Trinity River above Riverside, Tex., is 
1(),0(K) s(juare miles. A gaging station was established on the Trinity 
dt Riverside, Tex., in Deccm})er, ll>u2, by T. U. Taylor. The zero 



\wniL] TRUXTTY AND BRAYS DRAINAGE. 143 

«f the gage is 66 feet below the top of the ties (or bane of rail) in the 
lorth arm of the draw span of the International and Great Northern 
Iiilroad bridge. The elevation of the top of the pivot pier aljove 
gi|^ datum is 56.5 feet, and that of the top of the channel of the 
lower chord of the arras of the draw span of the })rid^e is &2,U feet. 
The gage consists of a tagged plumbers' chain to which is attachcKl a 
lead weight in the form of a frustmn of a cone. The JK>ttoni of the 
Ind weight is marked 66, and every foot alK)ve this is marked with a 
bnas tag giving its distance in feet above the lK)ttom of the weight. 
The observer at Riverside is G. W. Higdou, who is in charge of the 
pumping plant of the International and Great Northern Itailroiul. In 
reading the gage it is only necessary to let the lead weight touch the 
water and then read off the distance the mark or ix)int is from the 
upper end or zero mark of the chain. 

I The following measurement*! were made during 1002 on the Trinity 

I indits tributaries: 

Septemlwr 10: At Riverside, gage height, H feet; discharge, UiO nerond-feet. 
September 11: Near Oakwooil, disc^harge, 120 Second-feet. 
September 11: Elkhart River, 4 miles northwest of Gmpeland; discharge, 4 
second-feet. 

BRAZOS KIVER DRAINACiE BASIN. 

This river has it8 source in the Staked Plains region of western 
Texas, and has a general southeasterly course, emptying into the Gulf 
of Mexico south of the mouth of Trinity River. Its drainage basin 
is entirely within the State of Texa«. 
I Under the direction of Thomas U. Taylor the United States Gco- 
' lexical Survey is maintaining stations in this basin at Waco and Rich- 
mond, Tex. 

BRAZOS RIVER AT WACO, TEX. 

On September 14, 1898, a gage was established on the southwest 
hank of Brazos River at Waco. It consists of an inclined iron bar, 3 
inche.s by 1 inch, reading from to 4.3 feet, bolted to a hard-pine 
stick 16 feet long, embedded in cement in the sloping limestone of the 
bank, flush with the surface, on which are painted the graduations 
above 4.3 feet. The gage is inclined to the horizontal at an angle 
whose sine is /y. Three bench marks have been established. The 
first is on the lowest water table on the southwest pier of the suspen- 
sion bridge, and is marked ''U. S. G. S. 44.33 B. M.'' The hydrant 
at the corner of First and Austin streets is at an elevation (})\' gage) 
of 43.32 feet, while the top of the rail of the San Antonio and Amnsas 
Pass Railroad a few feet from the hydrant is at an elevation of 41.12 
feet. The bed of the river is shifting sand, and lu^arly every freshet 
modifies the cross section, so that at the same gage heights the river 



144 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1JH)2, PART TIT. [wo. 8*^ 

sometime^) flows in one and sometimes in two chainu?ls under tte 
suspension bridge from whi(!h the measiin»monts are made. 

At high water the gage reading is obtained by measuring to the 
water 8urfa<*e from the top rail of the stiflfening tmss of the suspen- 
sion bridge at a certain point when there is no load upon the bridge^ 
and by taking this distance from 47.8 feet. 

In the early part of 1902 a new camel-back truss bridge of one span 
was erected across the Brazos at Waco a few hundred feet above the 
suspension bridge. This new bridge crosses the river at an angle of 
76 degrees. It has a footway on the east or downstream side that 
affords excellent facilities for measuring the flow of the stream, and 
there are no midstream piers to render measurements troublesome or 
doubtful. On the north pier of the new^ bridge a gage has been 
marked off to agree with the United States Geological Survey gage at 
the suspension bridge. The top of the cement floor of the new bridge 
at the southeast Imtter brace is at an elevation of 45.4 feet with respect 
to the United States Geological Survey gage. High-water gage 
heights can be read directly from the gage on the north pier, or the 
distance of the water surface can })e measured from the cement floor 
and this subtracted from 45.4 feet will give the height of the river 
referi^ed to the gage. 

The Brazos reached in 11>U2 the lowest stage in its recorded history. 
In the latter part of 1901, from December 28 to 31, the gage reached 
the low mark of 2.3 feet, and several measurements were taken at this 
stage of the river to determine what was thought at that time to l)e 
the least discharge of the Brazos. An av(»rage discharge of 70 second- 
feet was then found. The river stood for seven days in Jaiuiary at 
this height and then fell to 2.2 feet, and then, in the latter part of 
January, it fell to 2.1 feet. During the first part of February the 
gage stood at 2.2 feet, but on the 19th of February again dropped to 
2.1 feet. It remained at this height until March 7, when it dropped 
to 2 feet, the lowest mark since 1898, and the lowest mark ever reached 
on the gage. On March 8, 1902, the flow^ was nicjisured by Thomas 
U. Taylor at a point 200 yards above the new })ridge, at a section 
where the stream is only 24 feet wid(\ The average depth wtus 7 
inches, and there was a mean velocity of l.H(> feet ptM* second. This 
gave a discharge of 19 second-feet. This stage of the river continurd 
until the afternoon of March 11. 



] BRAZOS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 

Diacharge meamrements of Brazos River at W7i«>, Tex. 



145 



Date. 


1 


Hydrographer. 




Gaffe 
height. 


Dincharge. 




1902. 








Feet. 


titrontl/ect. 


Jumw 14 . 


C. N. C&mnhell 




2.29 


56 


' JknuuT 22. 


do . 






!>. 18 


47 


3larch8 


T. U. Tavlor 


1 l.»S 


20 


July ^ 


do . 




21.00 


70, 500 
26,700 


July 30 


do . 




16.00 


Joly31 


do . 




14.00 Ln),800 


Aogwtl.... 


do . 




i ll.HOJ 13,800 


AngiwtS.... 


do . 




1 «.70 4,200 


September 5 


' do. 




4.90 1 1,730 


September 6 


do . 




4.30 


1,230 


December 17 


do . 




3.71 


892 


December 20 


.....do . 




i 3.68 

1 


863 


iMtily gfige height, in feet, of Brazfut River iU Waro, Tex. 


D»r- 




Feb. 


M«r. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. An Jr. 
4.40 11. a*^ 


Sept. 
».20 


rk-t. Nov. 

4.Nft' -i.m 


D*ii, 


IKtL 
1 


a.» 


2,20 


2.10 


4.^ 


2.7fi 


6.90 


5. NQ 


1- 


2.a& 


2.i!0 


2.10 


4.60 


2.70 


7. DO 


4.15 9.2.5 


S.td 


5.5S 1 2.MI 


7.65 


1«, .„... 


„, 2.80 


2,20 


2.10 


4.20 


2.eo 


8.30 


3. TO , a.25 


3.10 


«.10 3.W 


6.4^5 


f,,« 


, a,TO 


2.20 
ZSO 


2.10 
2.10 


3.M 
a. 00 


2.60 
2. so 


7.50 
S.75 


3.50 1 7.20 
^.OS 6.70 


4.4tl 


«. 10 3. 70 
fi.90 j 3.30 


G.20 


5u„.,. ..,..,., 


„. 2.W 


G.20 


i..... 


2.30 


2.20 


2.10 


3.40 


3.00 


7.40 


5.30 e.40 


4.40 


5.8fi \S0 


S.fiO 


T„.„ ,. 


.„._.. 2,aft 


l20 


2.0& 


S.SS 


S.20 1 fl.:» 


5.fi0 i;,2a 


fi.55 


ft, 20 7. liO 


5,00 


•u.,.- 


,.. 2*ao 


2.20 


2.00 


S.fiO 


3,40 ' 6.7fi 


4, 75 ri.7fi 


fi.20 


4,iO 7.10 1 4.30 


f„,„ 


„, 2.30 


2.20 


2.00 


4.00 


4,90 ' h.m 


4.30 A. 35 


4.ti0 


4.75 5.a0 1.7(1 


IP.. 


a.M 


2.JD 


xoo 


4.40 


7.W : iMy 


3.95 rn05 


i\. 70 


LfiO .5.70 ' 4,fii 


tl„.... 


__,... 2,30 


2.30 


2,20 


4.00 


8.9fi 1.56 


a=50 4,«5 


7.20 L30 1 5,30 1 4, SO 


12 


2.20 2.30 S.TO 


1«5 


5.95 


4. 45 


3.40 l.jy> ' f..00 ■ 00 ' 5.30 4.40 


13 


2.20 2.80 3.7* 


6.2£ 


5.46 


4.35 


3.75 4.50 5,3?i :i 75 5.35 4.40 


14 


2.20 2.20 3.20 


4.90 


5.15 


4.10 


3.80 4.40 5.10 S.CiO 7.70 4.35 


15 


2.20 2,20 4.R0 


tM\ 


5.65 


3.a5 


5.10 4.40 4.90 ! 3.40 ' 5.70 4.30 


16 


2.20 


2.OT 7.00 
2.20 &.m 


3. eft 
5.00 


5.75 
4.90 


3.70 
3.90 


5. 10, 4. 30 4. 75 ' 3. 30 i 7. SO 3. 80 


17 


2.20 


5.90 4.20 4.55 3.20 i 10. :» 3.65 


18 


2.10 2.20 &.3& 


lUO 


1.40 


4.10 


4.(V> 3.85 4.30 . 3. 10 8. SO 3.70 


19 


2.10 


2.1fi 
2J0 


5 JO 


^, 10 
3,90 


8.95 
12. 15 


3.70 
3.50 


4.60 3.70 4.00 3. 10 5.95 3.70 


•J© 


2.10 


4.60 4.30 ; 3.85 3.00 5.80 J 3.60 


21 


2.10 2.10 


&.0& 


%,m 


7.75 


3.a5 


4.75 4.0.5 ! 3.75 ! 3.10 9.3.5 ' 3.60 


22 


3.20 


2.10 
2. ID 


4.50 

4.4^ 


4.16 
a. 90 


7.25 

8.50 


3.30 
3.30 


7. 05 3. 75 3. 70 | 3. 85 7. 05 3. 50 


2J 


a,ao 


11. 40 ' 3. 70 ' 3. 65 i 3. 45 6. 70 3. 50 


•li 


2,26 


2.10 


3.95 


3. Go 


10.80 


3.40 


11.00 3.70 3. 15 


3. 60 6. 40 3. .50 


25 


2.10 


2.10 


3.m 


3.fiO 


10.45 1 :V15 


15. .50 3. «U) 3. 10 


3. 60 14. 75 3. .50 


% 


2,20 


2,10 


3..VI 


3.40 


9.75 1 3.10 


32. 10 3. ;V> 1 3. 35 


3. .50 8. f»5 3. 50 


27 


iV'M 


2.1U 


a. 4.^ 


L25 


K. :i5 ^ 4. 90 


31.:i5 3.35 ! 3.45 


3. 15 6. 80 3. 50 


2K 


%->& 


2.10 


Xrto 


a. 40 


8.a5 1 5.10 


27.05 3.:» 1 6.15 


3.a5 6.20 3.50 


29 


2,20 


. 


a. 70 


a.ifi 


8.20 4.H0 


2-2.6.5 . 3.20 1 .5.60 


3.00 6.15 , 3.40 


30 


2.20 




5.00 


a. 10 


7.70 


4.80 


17.30 j 3.20 


5.05 


3.00 6.05 1 8.40 


31 


2>1» 




4.<tO 




6.90 





13.80 [ 




2.86 8.40 










/2Zff 


84— OS 


-10 





















146 



STREAM MEASUBEMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 
Rating table for Brazos River at Waco, Tex., for 19(yj. 



[NO. 84. 



hei^t. 


Dincharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Diflcharge. 


Gage 
height. 


1 
Diacharge. 


height. 


Dischaixe. 


/M. 


Second-feet, 


Feet. 


Secondr/eet. 


/-W. 


Second/cti. 


f\ret. 


Sccond'/eeL 


2.0 


20 


4.6 


1,490 


1 7.2 


4,800 1 


11.0 


12,285 


2.2 


80 


4.8 


1,650 


7.4 


5,ia5 i 


11.5 


13,450 


2.4 


160 


5.0 


1,820 


7.6 


5,475 


12.0 


14,660 


2.6 


250 


5.2 


2,010 


7.8 


5,825 


12.5 


15,980 


2.8 


350 


5.4 


2,220 


1 8.0 


6,180 


13.0 


17,400 


3.0 


450 


5.6 


2,450 


8.2 


6,540 1 


13.5 


18,850 


3.2 


550 


5.8 


2,700 


8.4 


6,910 


14.0 


20,300 


3.4 


670 


6.0 


2,975 


! 8.6 


7,285 ; 


14.5 


21,800 


3.6 


795 


6.2 


3,265 


1 8.8 


7,665 


15.0 


2:^,300 


3.8 


925 


6.4 


3,555 


' 9.0 


8,055 


15. 5 


24,800 


4.0 


1,055 . 


6.6 


3,855 


1 9.5 


9,050 


16.0 


26,500 


4.2 


1,195 


6.8 


4,155 


10.0 


10,085 


16.5 


27,800 


4.4 


1,340 


7.0 


4,470 


10.5 


11,160 , 


17.0 


29,300 



JSsHmated monthly discharge of Brazos River at Waco, Tex. 
[Drainage area, 80.750 square miles.] 



Month. 



January . . . 
Febniary . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

SeptemlKjr. 
October . . . 
Novemlx^r . 
December . 



Discharge In 8C»concl-feet. 



Run-ofT. 



Maximum. , Minimum, i Mean. 



Total in 
acrt'-fect. 



I Second -feet 

' i»er wiuarc 

mile. 



Depth in 
inches. 



The vear . 



120: 


50 


1 
84 


5, UVy 1 


U. 0027 


0.003 


120 1 


50 


74 


4,110 1 


. (K)24 


.003 


4,470 1 


20 


995 


61,180 ' 


. 0324 


.037 


2,062 1 


500 


1,062 


63, 193 1 


. o:i45 


.o;« 


15,032 1 


250 


4, 280 


2<^J, 167 


. 1392 


.160 


7,570 1 


500 


2,123 


126,327 1 


.0690 


.077 


74,600 


670 


12,528 


770,317 1 


. 4074 


.470 


13,810 1 


550 


2,354 1 


144,742 ' 


. 07#><> 


.088 


4,800 . 


5(K) 


1,609 


95, 742 , 


. 0523 


.058 


4,310 


375 


1,2:^) ' 


75,6:^0 1 


. (UU) 


.04<> 


22,550 , 


2(X) 


4,491 1 


2(i7, 2X) 


.1460 


.lt>.3 


5,562 ■ 


670 
20 


1,4<>4 

2, 6<»4 

1 


91,862 
l,im8,6(>8 


.0481^ 


.056 


74,600 


.0876 


1.199 



BRAZOS RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 147 

BRAZOS RIVER AT RICHMOND, TEX. 

The dniinajj^e area of the Brazos River alK)ve Richiiioiul, Tex., is 
44.<»<M» s«]uare miles. 

Id the latter part of Decemlwr, 1902, T. T. Taylor established a 
giging station at Richmond, Tex., on the Brazos River. The ira^^ con- 
sist* of a tagj^ed pluml)er^s chain marked every foot with !)niss tags. 
The chain is 50 feet long, the l)ottom of the leiul weight Innng the 
5<>foot mark. The zero of the gage is 50 feet below the top of the 
gurd rail in the mid-span of the bridge of the Southern Pjwilie Rail- 
road. The observer is W. B. Ransom, a Iw^l druggist, and observa- 
tions were commenced on January 1, 11)03. 

Above and at Waco the river rises rapidly, and when it gets a}x)vc 
the gage height of 30 feet overflows the bottom lands below the town. 
When the floods spread out over the bottom lands as they do from 
Waco to Richmond, the river stays up longer in its lower stretches 
than it doe^s in the upper sections, as the the backwater in the bottoms 
and the lowlands serve as storage reservoirs and are dmined slowly as 
the river recedes. At Hearne and below the river in 181K) was seveml 
miles in width. Its maximum height at Richmond occurred on fluly 
7, ISiK^ when it stood 4 feet below the top of the guard rail, or at a 
gaf^e height of 46 feet. The water was out over the bottoms alcove, 
and m Richm6nd it covered the tracks of the Southern Paciiic Rail- 
road. 

The following measurements were made at Richmond in VM):i: 

Aagupt 2: Gage height, 28.1; (iinchargis 4S,4(K) wroml-feft. 
Augm»t t>: Gage height, 81.9; discharge, H(),470 serond-ffet. 
Auguj*t 19: Gage height, 7.1; discharge, 5,S00 him -ond -feet. 

LITTLE RIVEK ANI> ITS TUIBUTAKIKS. 

The Sulphur Fork of the Lampisas rises in the town of Lampasas 
in two springs, the Hancoc^k and the Ihinna, with a joint flow as deter- 
mined on August 18, 1902, hy T. U. Taylor of !♦ second-feet. Of this 
amount the Hanc<^>ck had 7.6 second-feet and the Hanna 1.4. This is 
protebly the least flow of the springs. These springs an* fully 
de8<'ril)ed in Water Supply Pajxir No. 50, page 'Mi^), The Lampa*<as, 
the Salado, and the Leon unite southc^ast of Belton, in Hell County, 
at the '"Three Forks," forming the Little Kivor. The Saiado rises in 
the village of Salado, U miles south of Bidton, from springs that })ear 
a .striking resemblance to those of the Pklwards formation. The meas- 
urement at Salado on December 11>, 1902, can ])e regarded as the min- 
imum flow, as there had l)een no rains for many months. The Salado 
ha.s a reliable flow- of 13 second-feet at its head and it is slightly reen- 
forced lower down. At one time there w^ere eleven different power 
plants in operation along this short stream, but at present there are 



148 



STREAM MEA8UREMKNTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[NO. 81 



only three in active operation. Summers mill, "2 miles above the 
"Three Forks," derives its power from a 10- foot dam. Dulaney^s mfll, 
1 mile farther up the stream, derives its power from a dam 8 feet high, 
while Stinnett's flour mill, 6 miles farther up, ^ets an IH-foot head 
by means of a mill race 1 mile long. Below the "Three Forks" the « 
river is known as Little River. It has two reliable streams in tiie 
Lampasas and Salado to feed it, and its flow is reliable, but probablj 
on account of danger from overflows no attempts have been made to 
utilize its energy in power plants. Three irrigation plants have been 
located on the Little River within the last year in the neighborhood 
of Cameron. 

San Gairid River. — The Siui Gabriel River rises in Burnett County, 
and flows easterly through Williamson County, and joins Little River 
10 miles north of Ro<*kdale. Its waters are used for irrigation and 
power purposes near Georgetown and Ta3Mor. 

Miscellam'oiiM iM(Uitireiiu*nt» in TAftJe Himr Bttmh. 




1902. 
December IS 
December 19 
August IS 



lAHtiliiy. 



Dulanev'sMill 



8ala4lo 

.do 8ala«l() 

Sulphur Fork of I^nipasa-s Lampasas 



Dis- 



Febniarv 15 t San Gal)riel Jonali . 



Src.-feiL 

29 

13 

9 

34 



COLOKADC) RIVKU (OF TEXA8) DUAIXACiK HASIX. 

The Colonido River rises in the extreme western portion of the 
State, within a few miles of the eastern boundary of New Mexico, 
and flows in a general southeasterly direction, emptying into the Gulf 
of Mexico in Matagorda C-ounty. The drainage area above Austin 
is 87,<M)() scjuare miles, and a})ove Columbus it is 4(),0(M) scjuare miles, 
and it extends into the corner of New Mexico. Its main tributaries 
are the Concho, the San Sa})a, and the Llano. The Concho has a reli- 
able flow alK)ve its junction with the Colomdo, and if the stream below 
the junction were to rec(*iv(» its name from the one that contributed 
the most water the river Inflow the junction would be known as the 
Concho inst(*ad oi the Colorado. The Concho furnishes water for 
irrigation and watcM* power, and supports in Irion and Tom Green 
count i<>< sonn* cxc(*ll(Mit irrigation systems, described in Water Supplv 
Pap(»r No. 71. The San Sa})a and the Llano rivers are deserilM^d in 
the same paper. 



mmju] COLORADO, OF TEXAfl, DRAIN AGK. 149 

The Colorado at Austin emerges from a canyon. From Austin to 
the Gulf it traverses a rather flat country, and its waters an» utilized 
for many power plants^ and during the season of 1SM)2 «U>,<mm) juTes 
of rice were sowed in the counties of Colorado, Wharton, and Mata- 
gorda^ under canals that obtained their water from the Colorado. 

Under the direction of Thomas U. Taylor, the Tnited States 
Geological Survey is maintaining gaging stations in this Iwisin at 
Columbus and Austin, Tex. During 1SM)2 misc<»llaneous measure- 
nentf^ were made hy Mr. Taylor at several other plac(^s, as stated 
hereafter. 

CX)LORAlX) RTVER AT COLUMBUS, TEX. 

A gaging station was established at Columbus, Tex., on the C'olo- 
ndo River, in l)ecenil)er, VM)'2, The zero of the gage is 50 feet l)elow 
the top of the downstream pier on the west side of the rivcM*. A gage 
has been marked off ]>y the county officers on this pier, l)ut th<» observer 
for the I'nited Stiites (ieological Survey uses a trigged chain, witli h^ad 
weight for a sounder. The flood of VMX) was the highest known at 
Columbus, and it reached the gage height of ^SA\ f(»et. 

The following measurements were ma^le on the Colorado at Colum- 
bus in 1W)!>: 

AuguBt 2: (iafi^» heij?ht, 32.0 feet; diwhaiye, 3l>,00() wH<>n<l-fei»t. 
August 4: Gage height, 13.4 feet; diwharge, (i,SOO necoinl-feet. 
August 7: (iage height, 12.6 feet; dincharge, 4,3(K) wcond-fet^t. 
l>eceiiil[>er 27: (iage height, 3.5 feet; diwharge, l,2tK) se^-nnd-feet. 

OOI/DRAIX) RIVER AT AUSTIN, TKX. 

Gage heights were first t4iken on the crest of the Austin dam on 
August 13, 18!>5, and were continued from that date until the failure 
of the dam occurred in April, 1900. The first discharge measurement 
iras made on Deceml^er 21, 1897. In Fehruarv, lS99, the gage was 
pla(*ed on the Congress Avenue Bridge south of tin* city. This gage 
consists of a plain staff' attached to a hath house. Th(» oliserver is 
W. Peterson. The })ench mark is on tlie first flangt^ above the crih- 
work of the north pier of the highway bridge. Its height is 4.Ts feet 
above the zero of the gage. Mea.surements of discharge are made in 
a narrow place in the river about one-fourth mile above this |X)int. 
The flood of April 7, 1900, cjirried away the great masonry dam at 
Austin. This flood was general ov(»r south w(»st Texas, luit its only 
dinaster was limited to the demolition of that structure. A full discus- 
sion of this failure will l)e found in Water Supply Pap(M' No. 40. 

Prior to the flood of April 7, 1900, the discharge of the river at the 
station lielow the dam wjis at low stages absokitely under the control 
of the turbines at the pown»r house at the dam: and measurements made 
opposite the city, at the station Initween the two bridges, did not give 



150 



STRKAM MEAHIJREMJ:NT8 IN 1002, PART TIT. 



[NO. SI. 



the unobstructed How of the river. Since the destruction of the dam, 
measurements have been made at the station a fourth of a mile al>ove 
the highway bridge on Congress avenue. 

I>i*c1uir(je vieatniremeuta uf Colttriulu R'n^.r at Atnttittf Tex, 



DaU'. 



1902. 



Hyiln>Krai>lH*r. 



January 20 | C. N. CampMl . 

February 17 ' <lo 

Marcli 15 ilo 

April 9 (l(» 

June 20 | T. W. TayK.r. . . 

Juno 21 ; <U> 

IX) I do 

Juno 2:J. <lo 

June 28 ; A. A. Cother... 

June .SO ' do 

Octolier 24. ! j T. W. Taylor. . . 

Oitol>er2r) 



Ot»tober 28 A. A. Oother. 

Octol)er :W do 

November 4 do 

Novein])err» do 

Noveinbi»rt) do 

November 11 dt> 

NovemlK»rl7 <lo 

NovemU'r 18 do 

Noveml)er 21 do 

NovemlK*r 22 tlo 

Novend)er24 do 

Noveml>er 2r> do 

Noveml)i»r 27 do 

De<vnd)er 2 \ do 



height. 

i 


Disohnixo. 


Fftt. 


.s» »7*iir/-/«W. 


2. 10 


49'^" 


l.W 


47T1 


2. nO 


96^ 


1.70 


37^ 


1.40 


252 


1..S2 


180 


i.:J2 


21S 


i.;u 


• 211 


1.20 


IHO 


1.19 


170 


1.5.-) 


293 


1.50 


2g:2 


1.45 


2W=« 


1.40 


293 


4. 10 


;j,(i(K> 


X 20 


1,717 


2. r>o 


1,2H> 


2.40 


1,100 


(>. SO 


i:j,917 


<i. 20 


11,().^>0 


::. 10 


l,(>S<i 


S. 40 


20, ok; 


9. so 


2»>, 24t> 


7.40 


ir>,<ii:; 

12,S45 


<5. rx) 


. 4.(M) 


2, 79:j 



GOLOBADO, OF TEXAS, DRAINAGE. 
IktUy ffoge height ^ in/eel, of Colorado River at AaUiUy Tex. 



151 



31 


Day. 


Jau/ 


^, 

l.»0 

1.90 

1.90 

1.95 

2.00 

2.00 ! 

1.95 

1.99 

2.00 

2.<90 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

1.90 

2.00 

2.00 

1.96 

1.9:'^ 

1.95 

1.110 

l.!IU 

L90 

1.90 

i.av 

i.«a 

l.S!> 
LS5 


1,«S 

i,m 

1.75 
1.70 
1.70 
1.^ 
L70 
L70 
1.70 
LW 
t.«0 
-1.00 
3.10 

Lm 

a. 06 
11.20 
2.90 
2.70 

Lm 

2.30 
2.23 
2.20 
^10 
2.15 
2,00 
1.93 

i,ao 


Avr. 


MtyJ 

1.96 

Lm 

Lib 
1.85 
L«5 
1.85 
1.95 
1.95 
3.30 
3.70 
3.25 
2.90 
iL05 
'?,45 
2.;*6 
2.20 
2.15 
2.iii 
5.2ft 

a«o 

5.95 
4.115 
3.90 
3.40 
3.15 
2,i5 
3.10 
^.20 
JLOO 


:L25 

5.15 
4.00 
3.45 
2.90 
2.75 
2.45 

2. as 

2.20 
2J5 
2.05 
2.00 

1.70 
l.m 
1.00 
1.63 

1.?^ 

1.43 
1,40 

ha» 

1.35 
1,30 
1.30 
L30 
1.30 
20 
30 


Jul>. 

X85 
3.25 

5.eo' 

4.05 

».t5 
2.75 
2.50 
2.35 
2.20 
2.15 
1.95 

hm 

2.«5 
2.S^ 
2.30 
2 25 


Aug. 

10.10 
8.60 
5.80 
4.50 
4.00 
a. 55 
:t.2U 
X05 
3.00 
^.05 
2.60 
2.60 
2.55 
2.70 
2.56 
2.40 

•> -Xi 


Sept. 


Oct 


. 


Nov. ' Dec 

1 




1902. 
\ ^ 




2.00 
LW 
l.»0 

1,Ta 
1.73 

1.70 
2.05 
1.75 
1.70 
1.00 
1.53 
3.10 
■1.15 
£.10 
G.15 
4.«S 
4.20 
a. 30 
:^.15 
2.«5 
2,75 
2. GO 
2,50 
2.40 
2.33 

2,a<r 

2.20 
ZIO 
2.00 


1 ' 
1.55 2.60 1.40 ' S.15 


1. 




1,00 
1.90' 
3.45 
If, HO 
3.00 
3.45 
3.50 
5.30 
4.15 
3.45 
3.15 
2,*5 
2.00 
2.45 
2.35 
2. JO 
2.10 
2.05 
2.00 
1.90 
2.a'i 
2.70 
2.40 
3.*15 
2.95 
2.00 

2.U0 


2.40 1.40 j 3.70 


L 




1 85 


4.% 1.50 4.85 


1 .. .. 




1.85 
K«5 

l.SA 

,.« 

u«^ 

1.90 
1.90 
I.V5 
l.«5 

1.^ 
L9« 
2.00 
2.00 
-|£.00 
2.10 
2.10 
2,00 
2. DO 
2.00 
1.95 

i.aa 

l.«0 

i.» 

L90 


5.00 
4.05 

3. as 

,1.45 
2.W 
2.55 
2.35 
-2.20 
2.10 
1.95 
1.90 
1.^ 
1.75 

1.™ 

1.70 

1.00 
1.00 
1.60 
l.W 
L55 
1.55 
1.60 
1.45 
3.45 
1.42 
1.40 
40 
40 


4.15 ; 4.35 


S 




3.10 ' 3.70 


1. 




2.70 i 3.30 


T 




3.25 1 3.05 


1 




3.30 i 2.95 


1 




2.85 1 2,75 


M. 




2 55 i 2.65 


u 




2.40 1 2.60 


It 




2.30 2.60 


B. 




2.35 2.50 


M.... 




3,15 2.42 


IS 




2.45 2.35 


11 




2.15 2.30 


17 




4 70 ' 2 25 


B. .. 




•2.m 1 2.10 
:5. Ifi 2.00 
2.40 1 2.00 
2.2f> 1.90 
2.10 1.92 
2.16 1 1.82 
2.25 j 1.T2 
5. 70 1 1. 70 
i 9. 10 : 1. 70 
^ 11.10 ! 1.67 
11.85 ' l-fi.'» 


5.30 2.25 


» 

». 




4. IIS 2.00 
3.80 2.00 


3 




3.00 2.15 


B.. 




5.75 2.10 


B 




|.flfi 2.10 


M 




10.90 2.05 


% 




7.40 2.00 


8. 




S. 1.95 


? 




6.75 1.95 


1... 




4.90 1.90 







10.65 
10.35 
10.65 


1.60 
1.60 
1.55 


4.^ 1.90 
3,55 1.90 







2.85 ' 


1.95 


— — ._ 






AufU 








Hating 


to6fe/or ( 


"Colorado River ai 


in, Tej 


irge. ; 

1 


190i^. 
heiglft. 








Gage 
height. 


Diacharge. 


1 

j heSft 


DiKharge. , ^«{^« 


DiHchii 


Discharge. 






FKt. 

1.2 

1.4 

1.6 

1.8 . 

2.0 

2.2 

2.4 

2.6 

2.8 

3.0 

3.2 

3.4 


Second-feet. 

180 

240 

320 

410 

520 

650 

820 

1,020 

1,240 

1,490 

1,780 

2,110 


3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
i 5.4 
! 5.6 

1 5.8 

1 


Sttxm 
2, 
2, 
3, 
3, 
•», 
5, 
6, 
6, 
7, 
8, 
», 
10, 


d/trrt, 

480 

890 

340 

865 

490 

250 

050 

850 

650 

450 

250 


il ' 
; Feet. j 

|j 6.0 

6.2 1 

6.4 

6.6 

6.8 
1 7.0 
;' 7.2 
; 7.4 
; 7.6 

! '-^ 
1 8.0 

8.2 


Second-feet. 
10,850 i 
11,650 i 
12,450 '; 
13,250 
14,050 
14,850 1 
15,650 '; 
16,450 
17,250 
18,050 
18,850 
19,650 


Feet. 
8.4 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 
9.2 
9.4 
9.6 
9.8 

10.0 


Second-feet. 
20,450 
21,250 
22,050 
22,850 
23,650 
24,450 
25, 250 
26,050 
26,850 





152 



STREAM MEASUKEltENTS IN 1902, PART 111. 



[NO. M. 



Estimated monlMy diicharge of Cblorado liivtr at Aniftin, Tex. 
[ Draina^'! urea, 37,000 Nquan' mileH.] 



Discharge in Recoiid-fect. 



I 



Kun-off. 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

Septcml>er... 

October 

November . . . 
December ... 



Maximum. 


Minimum. 


580 


435 


520 


435 


3,340 


360 


11,450 


300 



Mean. 



, Total in acre- 
feot. 



22, 
7, 

31, 

27, 
2, 
6, 

30, 

6, 



250 
450 
250 I 
250 
890 
850 ! 
450 I 
250 I 
T 



180 
410 
300 
300 
240 
240 
460 



480 

483 

732 

1,711 

3,052 

883 

7,148 

2,827 

1,503 

1,019 

5,623 

l,2:i0 






29,494 
26,8:^5 
45,025 
101,827 
187, 652 
52,552 
439,517 
173,841 
89,460 ' 
62,684 I 
;m,594 ! 
75,626 1 



Theytw 31,250 



180 ' 2,224 ' 1,619,108 

I 



MiiWfllaiif'otiM vwamiremeiitu on Colorado Hirer. 



I>aU>. 



1902. 



June 19.. 
June 27.. 
August 1 7 



IiO<'ulity. 



Marble Falls. 

do 

lial linger 



0.01 
.01 
.02 

.a5 

.08 
.02 
.19 
.08 
.04 
.03 
.15 
.03 



.06 



0.01 
.01 
.02 
.06 
.09 
.02 
.22 
.09 
.04 
.03 
.17 
.03 



.79 



I)is<*liaixt\ 

Stc./ttt. 
I 219 

j 145 

104 



BARTON SPKINCiS NEAll AUSTIN, TEX. 

These sprinj^s are al)out 2 miles from the court-house at Austin. 
There are at present two distinct groups of springs that unite one- 
fourth mile below the stone bridge and form the main channel. The 
flow of these springs has responded to the minfall on the Edwards 
Plateau with unfailing regularity. The Walsh spring on the south 
side of the stream which formerly ran a mill wasdrv for several years, 
but in 11^00, a year of heavy rainfall, it revived and continued flowing 
for about a year, but during the whol(> of liM>2 no water issued from 
this spring. The* following iiH^asurcments havc^ been made of the flow 
of the springs: 



C^LOKADO, OF TEXAS, DBAINAQK. 153 

MUcellaneouB meeuurements of Barion Springs. 



Date. I Uydrographer. pischaiKv. 



I Stc.feri. 

C. C. Babb I 17 

do ! 25 



\m 

1«6 

Much, 1898 1 T. U.Taylor | 20 

Ifay, 1898 1 do \ :iO 

Almost, 1900 .' do -• ' 69 

Diecember, 1900.. ' do .3:i 

Jane, 1902 i do 19 

Aapigt, 1902 1 do | 19 

I ' 



LIJ^NO RIVKR, TEXAS. 

The Llano River rises in Sutton County and flows east to its junction 
with the Colorado. Just below Junction City, in Kimble C<)unty, the 
North and South forks unite and form the main Lhino. 

The main Llano River is joined by the Johnson Fork of the Llano 
below Junction City. The water in this fork is almost exhausted, 
liefore it reaches the main Llano, by several small irrigation plants 
that derive their watei"s from it. The measurement of August 18, 1902, 
on the South Llano was stated by the mill owner and operator just 
south of the town to l>e at the lowest stage, and this is highly probable, 
as no rains of any account had fallen for some time. While the South 
Llano is much shorter than the North Llano, yet the North Llano on 
the same date was not flowing at their junction. The South Llano 
could easily supply sufficient water for an irrigation S3'stem of 6,000 
acres, and the land that could be brought under ditch is rich and well 
placed for easy irrigation. 

The capacity of the Llanos has not been developed to much extent 
either for power or irrigation purposes. Powt^r plants are located at 
Junction City, 2 miles above the town of Lhuio,ard at Llano. Its use 
for irrigation purposes is confined to the county of Kim})le. 

There are more individual irrigation plants in Kiml)le County fed 
by the Llano and its tributaries than in any othcM* county in Texas, as 
can be seen by referring to Water Supply Paper 71. There are four 
water-power plants on the Llanos, but only three are in active opera- 
tion at present. At Junction City, a dam a])()ut one foot high, con- 
structed of logs and loose rocks, deflects part of the flow of the South 
Llano into a ditch whose bed is on the same level with that of the 
river. The ditch is 10 feet wide, 4 feet deep, and about 3 furlongs 
in length. The ditch follows the foothills to the fore bay or flume 



154 STBEAM MEASUBEMENT8 IN 1902, PART III. (woi 

10() feet long, O feet wide, and 6 feet deep. The power is develop 
by a 30-inch Ijetfel turbine, and is used to run a gristoiill, a cott< 
gin of 70 saws, and to supply a tank 80 feet above the level of tl 
water in the ditch. The tank is used as a part of the waterworks I 
the town of Junction. The water emerges from the turbine and flo^ 
back under the flume for al>out 60 feet, when it turns sharply to tl 
east and is conducted back to the river. In addition to the pow 
developed, there is a plan on foot to install an irrigation system 
0,000 acres. The main cniial will Ih» taken out of the river abo 
Junction and will follow the foothills west of town 4ind then ere 
the North Llano by an invert, and irrigate lands on the north side 
the main Llano ciist of the town. 

While there are many lo<'alities on the Llano l>etween Junction ai 
the town of Llano where power plants could be developed, yet i 
attempts have l)een made to construct additional plants except ne 
the town of Llano. At Llano there an* conditions for a good watt 
power plant. »Iust north of the town a small plant is at present u* 
in running the waterworks, the electric-light plant, and the flour mi 
The dam is constructed partly of stone and partly of wood. It is bu 
on a turtleback formation of gninite that would aflford an excelle 
foundation for a masonry dam. All the necessary factors for a si) 
cessful power plant — the foundation, the water, the finest stone in t 
world, and good railroad facilities — are here in abundance and on 
await capital. 

MiHuUdiiHnts iiuitxnrt tilt nts un (fit' IJiiiio ami lU t rilmtariea. 



Dute. 



1902. 

June 2() Llano 

AugQHt 13 Icilin^on Fork 

Do South Llano. 

.lunrtion City. 

August 14 Bear Creek i Morales farm 






Al)ove Llano 

1 mile above Segovia 

One-fourth mile l)elow 



SAN SABA KIVEH, TEXAS. 

Tlie San Saba River rises in two sprin<rs near Fort McKavett, in ' 
westtM'ii part of Menai'd (^)unty, and flows in an (Sisterly direction 
over 1(K) miles to its junction with the C'Olorado. Between F 
McKavett and M(Miardville the river is fed l)v many sprinofs, some 
which are utilized in small irripition systems l)ef()re their waters j 
those of the San Saba. The largest of these springs is known as 



] COLORADO, OF TEXAS, DRAINAGK. 155 

Wilkinson spring, and is Hituated above Monardville, on the farm of 
W. J. Wilkinson. It formn the headwaters of CMear Creek. This 
Stream is only about 3 milew long. Its wat^^rs aiv only partially 
otOized for irrigation purpose*, but it would easily irrigate 1,5<H> to 
1000 acres. A resident of thirty years states that the flow of this 
stream is greater in the summer than in the wint^^r. Ilowt^ver, the 
viriation is rather slight, so that its capacity for irrigation or ])ower 
purposes would not ]yo subject to large fluctuations. 

Four miles aliove Menardville the Novels <litch, 1) miles long, is 
taken out of the San Saba and deflects most of the nonnal flow. This 
ditch feeds an irrigation system lK)th above and l)elow the town of 
Menardville. AlK)ve Menardville the water of the San Saba is used 
for the irrigation s^^stems of Byers and Striegler and for the Noye,s 
system, which lies alwve and below Menardville. The Sieker and 
the Kitchen dit(*hes, 2 and 5 mile,s, respectivel}-, below Monardville, 
are taken from the San Saba. For a full description of these irrigji- 
tion S3'stems see Water Supply Paper No. 71. 

Twelve miles 1m>1ow Menanhille the river ent<?rs the canyons, which 
it traverses for 5W miles. The cannons Anally widen into rich valley's 
at a point known as '"The Narrows," 17 miles above the town of San 
Saha, opposite the ninch of Hilliard Donin. The mejtsurement made 
on June 24 can l)e relied upon as the least flow of the San Saba, as no 
rain of any <»onsequence had fallen on its drainage* area for nearly two 
years. While the flow at Foi-t McKavett is more than this, and while 
Clear Creek and the smaller streams swell this flow above Menardville 
to double this amount, the irrigation systems in Menard County pmc- 
tieally take all the water out of the river. When this mejisurement of 
25 second-feet was made at ''The Narrows'" the river was reported as 
not flowing al)Ove the mouth of Brady Creek. Twelve miles above 
San Sal)a the Sloan spring emerges from the foothills of the Edwards 
plateau. It has a capacity of 9 second-feet, and its waters are utilized 
in one of the most eflfectivc irrigation systems in Texas. 

So far the waters of the San Saba have not been used for power 
purposes on the main stream, but in its course there are many excel- 
lent sites for dams that would make pnu'tical use of the waste i>oten- 
tial energy. 



156 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Miscellaneous meatturemetUs <m the San Saba and Us iritrtOaries. 



(NO. H. 



Date. 


stream. 


Locality. 


DLs- 
oharsff. 


1902. 






Srr,-/trt, 


August 14 


SanSal)a 


1 mile below Fort Mc- 


26 


Do 


(/lear Greek 


Kavett. 

9 miles alM)ve Menard- 
ville. 


25 








August 15 


San Saba 


North of Menard ville 
court-house. 


8 


1)0 


Noyes Ditch 


Near M. E. Church, Men- 
ardville. 


28 








June 24 


SanSal* 

do 


Doran's ranch 


25 


June 25 


1 mile below Doran's 
ranch. 


28 








Do 


do 


I^metts Fortl, alx)ve San 
Saba. 


28 








June 24 


MillCYeek 


SanSalm 


8 



GUAI>Ai:iUPF. RI^T^^R I>RAIXAGK BA8IX. 

The Guadalupe River rises in the southern central imi*t of Texas, 
flows southeast, and empties into San Antonio Bay. During the sum- 
mer of 1902 its discharge was the least in its observed liistory, causing 
much loss above New Braunfels, whore half a dozen power plants 
were forced to shut down or to run on short time. The flow at this 
time was so low that special efforts were madc^ to ol)tain nieiisurement»>< 
at several points along its course. The results of these measurements 
are shown in the accompanying table. 

Under the direction of Thomas U. Taylor, the U. S. (leological 
Survey is maintaining a station in this basin near Cuero, Tex. 

(JUADALUPK RIVER NEAR CUERO, TEX. 

This station was esta})lished by Thomas U. Taylor I)(Hcmber 2r», 
1902. It is located at the dam of Carl Buchors power house, '^ miles 
north of Cucm'o, Tex. The giige is a plain staff' gniduated to feet and 
tenths. It is mounted on the wall of the power house near the dam, 
and is read twice daily by Carl Buchel. The initial point for sound- 
ing is on the left bank. The channel is straight for al)out one-fourth 
of a mile alK)ve and 4(K) feet below the station. The riglit bank is 
low and liable to overflow; the left Inuik is high and rocky. The 
bed of the stn^am is of clay. The l)ench mark is on tlu* crest of the 
dam. Its elevation is the same as the zero of tli(* ^fi:*^^^^'- 

The (iuadaUipe, while the best water-power stream in Texas, has a 
drainage area above Cuero of only 5,100 square miles. Its efficiency 
is due almost entin»ly to the canal at New Braunfels. Below New 
Braunfels the largest tributary is the San Marcos River. 



] GUADALUPE AND RIO GRANDE DRAINAGE. 

MiiCtUnneotu meaturemenU in the (huuialupe River dniinage bann. 



157 



Dftte. 



/ 



1902. 

ii]^28... 
Do 



Aagi]8t26. 
Aogast27. 



Aagi]eft30... 
Februar>' 22. 



t26. 
Angii8tl2. 



Febraary22.. 
Sefytember 9 . 
Manrhl2... 
October 21... 



stream. 



Gawlalupe. 

do.... 

do.... 



.do 
.do 



do 

Comal. 



do 

Johnsons Fork. 



San Marcos . . 

do 

San Antonio . 
do 



station. 



DiH- 
eharsre. 



Comfort 

NearWalhalla 

6 miles alx)ve New Braun- 
fels. 

North of New BraunfelH, 
near cemetery crosHing. 

One-fourth mile al)ove 
International and (ireat 
Northern R. R. bridge. 

Below Erskine Falls 

Landa Mill Race an<l Co- 
mal Spring Creek. 

do 

On Kerrville and Junction 
City road crossing. 

Prairie l^ea 

Westerfield Fonl 

San Antonio 

Hot Wells 



Sec. feet. 
7 
II 
9 

13 

342 

355 
333 

318 
9 

149 

150 

7 

34 



RIO GRANDK DRAINAGK liAHIN. 

The Rio Grande rises in southern Colorado, in the Kocky Moun- 
tains, flows south through New Mexico and thence southeast, forming 
the houndary between Texas and Mexico. Pecos River, which rises 
in northern New Mexico and flows south across eastern New Mexico 
and western Texas, is its principal tributary from the north. The 
Conchos River is its principal tributary from the Mexican side. The 
determination of the amount of water in the Rio (irande is of impor- 
tance, both on account of its use in irrigation and from its ])earing 
upon interstate and international distribution of water. Tlie New 
Mexico and Texas stations are maintained l)y the International (Water) 
Boundary Commission, and the data are furnished by W. W. FoUett, 
consulting engineer for the Commission. On account of the shifting 
character of the river beds at the international (water) boundary sta- 
tions, no rating tables have been prepared. The (\stimated monthly 
discharges are from daily discharges, computed directly from the dis- 
cbarge measurements. The following list includes the stations in the 
Rio Grande drainage basin: 

Rio Grande at Ea^i^le Pans, Tex. 

Las Moras Creek. 

San Felipe Creek. 

Rio Grande below mouth of Devils River, Texas. 

Devila River at Devilsriver, Tex. 



158 



STREAM MEA8UKEMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[mil 



Pwo8 River at Moorhead, Tex. 

Pecos River, Margiieretta ttiiine, an<l West Valley ditch, near Pecos, Tex. 

Rio (irande at I^ngtry, Tex. 

Rio (Jrande l^elow Pre^^idio, Tex. 

Rio Grande alK)ve Presidio, Tex. 

Rio (irande near Fort llanccn-k, Tex. 

Rio (irande near El Paso, Tex. 

Rio (irande near San Marcial, N. Mex. 

Rio (irande at water tank; Bucktuan, near Rio (irande, N. Mex. 

Rio (irande at Kmhndo, N. Mex. 

Rio (irande near Cenieero, Colo. 

Rio (Irrande near Del Norte, Colo. 

RIO (JKANDK AT KA(;LE PASS, TEX. 

This stiition was established in April, 1900, b}' the International 
(Water) Boundary C -omniission. It is a half mile alwve the highway 
bridge ])etween Eagle Pass and C^iudad Porfirio Diaz, Mexico, and 
al)out 540 miles })elo\v El Paso, Tex. During 1902 the following 
measurements of discharge were made by O. B. Powell, D. Griggs, 
and R. F. Dowe: 

IHschanji' metwinmeutii of (he Jlin Grande at EugU /\i«f, Tex. 



Date. 

UH)2. 

January .S 

January 7 

January 10 

January V.\ 

January 17 

Jaiuiary '1^> 

January 2S 

January l]l 

Fi*l)rnary 4 

F('))ruary K 

Fel)ruary 11 

I'Vhruary 1.') ... 
F('))ruary IS ... 
February L'2 ... 
Fel )ruary 25 . . . 

March 1 

March S 

March 11 

March 15 

March IS 

March 22 

March 25 



(iago 
lieight. 



/>//. 



2. 5 
2. 1 



Dischurge. 



I 



2.2, 

2.1 I 

2.0 I 

l.<) I 

l.<) ' 

1.9' 

1.8 I 



2,041 
1J)45 
2, 25;i 
2, :U)4 
2, 152 
I , SSS 
1,S4S 

1 , S2.S 
1,!K>5 
2,017 

2. 054 
1.1»57 
2. 0:14 
1,010 
1,054 
1,001 
1.S20 
1,000 
1,550 
1,47S 
1,415 
1,4.S1 Juno 7 

' '•Partly estimated. 



1002. 
March 2^»... 

April 1 

April 4 

April S 

Ai»ril 12 

Ai»ril 15.... 
Ai>ril 10.... 
April 2:^.... 

April 20 

April 20 

May :: 

May 5 

May H) 

May 1:: 

May 17 

May 10 

May 21 

May 2;*, 

May 20 

May ::o 

Juno:» 



hefght. 


Pischarife. 


Fid. 


t^cftml-ftfl- 


l.S 


1,495 


1.7 


i,4;iT 


1.7 


loU 


1.7 


1,270 


1.7 


1,;U7 


2. 75 


2, ^*'^ 


2.0 


l^l^^\ 


1.7 


1,-5h 


1.7 


i:^ 


1.7 


1,:-'^ 


i.r> 


h^' 


4.<)5 


8,:^ 


2. 2 


he' 


2.0 


1,^ 


1.0 


1,#^ 


8.0 


"34.:^^ 


2. 05 


2,6^ 


2. S 


2,1 


2.1 


i.a*- 


1.9 


\,7CP 


2.0 


1.7!^ 


1.8 


1,49^ 



u.] RIO GRANDE DRAINAGE 6ABIN. 159 

fUtrhargf meciftiremeni* oftftf Rio Grande at EtigU'. Paw^ T*'j\ — (.'ontiniie*!. 



Date. 



.S^t. : W-eharKC. 



heigl 



I>aU?. 



fUteond'frti. 



2,207 
1,544 
1,462 
1,369 



1902. 
1,326 ; Septemlier 26 . . 
1,J)60 I September 29. 
1,517 ;: October 1 

Octobers 

October 6 

Octobers 

October 10 

4,248 |; October 13 

1,360 j Octol)er 15 

1,592 ; October 17 

3,027 ' October 20 

7,906 i October 22 

4,122 . October 25 

3,552 October 27 

4,495 ; Octolx?r29 

7, 404 ii October 31 

22,980 ll Novemlx?r3..., 

16, 676 j Novell! Ixjr 5 

17, 283 J Noveinlwr 7 

9,819 i; Noveml)erlO... 

7, 741 I Novenilnjr 12. . , 
4,987 j! Noveml)erl4... 
5,210 !! Novenil)erl7... 
3,915 , NovemlKTl9... 
9,600 j Novenil)er21 . . . 
6,050 I NoveinlHT23... 
5,574 I November 26. . . 
5,523 I December 4.... 
7,388 ; IKveinlHT(> 

8, mi I De<*emU^r9 

6, IW) I DecemlKT 11... 

14,448 , I)eceml)er 1.;... 

8,649 ; I)ecemlK»r 16... 
25,740 , Decern I KT 18... 
30,902 ; December 20... 
25,612 ; December 23... 

8,884 ' December 26... 

8,04l> : DecemlKT21)... 
10,644 ; DiKvmbt'r31... 

5,542 ! 



hoi^ht. 



Frrt. 
3. 15 
2.9 
2. 9 
3.(V) j 

3.5 I 
2.9 I 

2. 6 ; 
3.0 ! 

2.9 ; 

2.« j 
2. 5 

2.4 j 

2.3 j 

2.3 i 

I 

2.2 I 

2. 2 • 

2.8 

2. 5 
3.0 
2.4 
2. 2 
2.1 
2.1 
2.1 
2. 55 
2.1 
2.1 
2.1 
2. 1 
2. 2 
2 '' 
2. 2 
•) *} 

2. 1 
2. 2 
2. 2 
2.1 
2.1 
2.1 



I>iwhnrK<>. 

Stotn<t-/rtt. 
4,423 

3, 8^H) 
3,826 

4, 1K,3 

5, 157 
3, 743 
3, i:» 
4,085 

3, :m 

3,019 

2, m) 

2, 3,35 

2, 270 
2,26;^ 
2,078 
2,084 

3, 175 
2,671 
3,920 
2, 428 
2, 279 
2,086 
1,%9 
1,W3 
2, 6:^2 
2, 035 
2,056 
2, 257 
2, ;i54 
2, r)42 
2, 582 
2, 559 
2, 572 
2, 420 
2, 557 
2,494 
2,419 
2,402 
2.398 



« PHitly climated . 



160 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [s 

IMiihf f/age height^ in feet ^ ofOie Rio Gninde at Eagle Pcus, Tex, 



1.. 
2.. 
3.. 
4.. 
6.. 
6.. 
7.. 



Day. 



1902. 



Jan. Feb. i Mar. Apr. 



J ..») I 

.1 2. 30 , 
.' 2.30 
.' 2.30 



2.30 
2.30 



10 

11 

12 


--'^ 

,-'-^ 

' 1>. 50 


13 

14 


2.50 

2.50 


15 

k; 


2.50 

2.45 


17 


2.40 


18 


2.40 


19 


2. 40 


20 

21 


2.:i0 

2.30 


22 


2.30 


'23 

24 


2.;» 

2.30 


25 




26 


2. 21) 


•27 


... 2. 20 


2.S 


•• •'() 


29 


2. un) 


:K).. . . 


2 20 


31 


2.20 



2.20 ! 

•2. -JO 1 

•2.-3) I 
2.20 ' 
2.20 ! 
2.20 ' 
2.20 I 
2.20 I 
2. -20 , 
2.2t) , 
2. 20 
2.20 
2.20 ' 
2.20 I 
2.20 , 
2.20 
2.20 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2.10 1 
2. 10 
2. 10 ' 
2. 10 
2.10 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
I.IK) 
l.M) 
l.H) 
l.SO 
l.NO 
l.SO 
l.SO 
l.SO 
1..S0 
l.SO 
l.SO 
l.SO 



1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 



1. 



l.SO 
1 . SO 
1.^0 



May. J "III?. 



1.70 
1.70 
l.GO 
3.95 
4.70 
3.15 



1.70 ! 2.75 
1.70 I 2.45 
1.70 j 2.35 
1. 70 I 2. 15 
1.70 ! 2.00 
.00 



1.70 

1.85 

2.40 

2.46 

2. 15 

2.00 

2.00 

LS-S 

l.SO 

1..S0 

1.75 

1.70 

..70, 

1.70 j 

1.70 I 

1.70 > 
I 
1 . 70 

1.70 1 



2.00 ' 
2.00 I 
1.90 ' 
1.90 
1.90 
4.45 
7.35 
3. 75 
2. 75 
2.35 
2.30 [ 
2. 25 
2.20 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. (K» 
1 . '.».'> 
1 . "H) 

2.:jo 



2.15 
2.10 
2.Gfi 
1.9& 
1.90 

i.m 

l.«0 

1.80 

1.75 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.90 

2. 25 

2.0r> 

2.0(1 

1.90 

2.20 

2.00 

1.90 

2.20 [ 

2.:«) 

2.25 ' 

2.00 

i.yo 

l.W : 

2.(K) I 

l.'.H) ' 

1 . ,s.") " 
l.H) 



Jtllf. 


AUK, 


s*irt. 


Oct. 


Kat, 


hm 


&8& 


5.'^ 


2.90 


1 
2.20 


3.^ 


190 


fi.TB 


3.00 


2.6^1 


2.tlfi 


4. £6 


&10 


S.10 


zm 


L»5 


4.26 


hm 


3.:h> 


2..VJ 1 


h^*i ■ 1.20 


6.30 


3. GO 


1."* 


l.MI ' S.W 


5.9D 


3.W 


2,S5 1 


1.7& A.55 


h.^ 


3.15 


2.95 , 


1.70 3.1*0 


B2Fi 


2.S5 


2.7* 


|l,B(6 il.TO 


7.25 


2.0,^ 


2,^^ 1 


1 l.flS 


xa5 


8.(50 


ISfi 


2.40 


3.30 


;*.o5 


H.W 


2.45 


2.30 1 


%D0 


5.K1 &.00 


2. SO 


2,30 1 


itift 


*2.1f6 T.fiO 


3.(10 


2.20 


4.4ft 


n^a^ 


«i.9& 


2.9D 


2.10 


' l.«0 


%.m 


ft, 00 


2.hJi 


110 ' 


a.mt 


4.as 


A. 35 


2.75 


2.15 1 


a.&5 4.05 ' C9C 


1.65 


2.20 


3.30 1 3.96 i.m 


2..'i& 


2.10 


3.30 \ 4.10 4.40 


2.60 


2.10 


3.30 


4.10 


t on 


^.^ 


2.10 



3.20 
3.35 
3.30 
4.05 
5.00 
7. 40 
fi. 45 
r>.30 
0. 10 

5. so , 



I 



3.85 
3.65 
3.85 
3.75 
3.90 
4.25 
4.S5 
4. f>5 
4. 25 
4.00 I 
1.55 I. 
i 



( . Vj 

;S.^^| 
:i.:y> 
^L i:j 

2.!^ 
2. 10 
2. 9(1 
2.90 



■1 I't 
2. I<i 
2. H' 

2.^ 
■ 30 

2. :w 

2.211 
2. 2tl 
2. 20 



•2.40 
2. 10 
2.10 
2. 10 
•2.25 
'2. 20 
2.00 
2.20 
•2.15 
•2. 15 



I'lat'nnnli'l mmtfli/i/ (iischftrf/r af tlir Win (irnndf at I'hgle Pfii<s, Ttj 



January 

February 

March.. 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

<)ctol)or 

Noveinl)er 

Deeemlier 

The yeiir 32, 



MMximuin. M 


ill '^OCOlK 

iiiniiitn. 

1 . s:',o 


ifcet. 
Mean. 
2, 052 


Total in a 
feet. 


IMIOO 


1213 


2,o:)0 


I , s:{o 


1,073 


109 


l,tKM> 


1,420 


l,(K)t> 


08. 


2, INK) 


J, 270 


1,448 


86, 


21>, 2(M) 


1 , 2(>0 


.3, 382 


207, 


2, :j;>o 


KiJ-SO 


1,648 


08, 


22, 4(H) 


1.270 


H, 004 


374, 


12, 140 


;;, soo 


(i, 539 


402, 


.S2, 000 


:;, s'^H) 


12,8(>8 


-765, 


4,0-20 


2. oso 


3, 070 


188, 


8,800 1 


i,o;u) 


2, 385 


141, 


8,4(K) 1 


2, 2()0 


2, m)4 


178, 


32,CKH) 1 


1,2m) 


3, 831 


2, 778, 



\mnjL] BIO GBAI«D£ DBAIKAGE BASIS. 161 

LAS MORAS CREEK, TEXAS. 

ks Moras Creek, which rises in the tx>wn of BnK'kettville, Kinnoj' 
fCoantj, Tex., and empties into the Rio Gi-andc al)out 25 miles iifjovc 
I %le Pass, has had a variable record since measurcnu^nts have been 
f nde upon it. In December, 1895, C. C l^bb found a tobil discharge 
'of 21 second-feet. In June, 1898, the "'Bmckett flood" occurred, 
^ 18 described in Water-Supply Paper No. 50, page 344, and Las Moras 
s&owed an increased flow up to the latter part of 1901. The flow was 
neasured by T. U. Taylor in June, 1H99, when it had a discharj^e of 
fl) second-feet at Mulligan\s l)end, one-fourth mile below th(» court- 
bouse; in , 19(X), when a flow of 51 second-feet was found at 

the same section; in December, 1901, when a flow of second-feet 

was obtained, and in 1902 two checked measurements on September 2 
and 3 each gave a disc^harge of only 11 second-feet. 

SAN FELIPE CREEK, TEXAS. 

San Felipe Creek has its source in four large springs. These springs 
arc all above the Southern Pacific Railroad bridge, 1 inile east of 
Del Rio, at distances from 200 yards to 2 miles. Mtnisurements have 
been made on the San Felipe since December, 1895, when V, C. Babb 
found a joint discharge on the creek and of Madre ditch (whicli 
includes the total flow of the springs) to be 99 s(H*ond-feet. The fol- 
bwing measurements have since been made by and under the direction 
of T. U. Taylor: In June, 1899, a joint flow of 84 s(»cond-feet; Sep- 
tember, 190(), a joint flow of 149 second-feet; in December, 1901, a 
flow of 150 second-feet, and in Scptemlx^r, 1902, a flow of 115 second- 
feet were obtained. The variation in the flow^ is caused by an 
increased rainfall in the Edwards Plateau to th(> north of Del Rio. 
An increased flow is found in all of the outlets of th(» underground 
waters of the plateau which stretches from the Southern Paciflc Rail- 
road north to the Texas Pacific Railroad. The cnvst of increased flow 
follows the increased rainfall in the highlands to the north. 

RIO GRANDE BELOW MOUTH OF DEVILS KIVEK, TEXAS. 

This station was established in April, 1900, hy the International 
(Water) Boundary CommissioiL It is alongside the Southern Pacific 
Railway trac'k, al)out a half mile below the mouth of Devils River and 
about 480 miles below El Paso. 
IRR 84—03 11 



162 



STREAM MSASUBEiaEIITS IK 19Q2, PAST III. 



Di$eharffe mmmretnvttU of Ike Rio Grande near DenUriver, Tex. 



mtc 



January 6 

January 10 .„. 

January 14 

Jantiary 19 ... . 

JatiUftry 23 

January 26 

January 30 

February 5 

Fbhniary 10 . . . 
February 13 ... 
Febmary IT ... 
February 20... 
Februaiy 24 ... 

Mareh2 

March $....... 

Maf€h9 

Manshl? 

Mwehlfi- 

>IarLh20 

^atvh 2A 

Man-h 2«-_._-. 

April H . _ . 

April H 

April ll._.. ._-! 3.1 

-\prill4 .__ 4,tS 



Gin 



-| 



a. 6 

3.9 

3,8 

3.7 

3.6 

3.5 

3*6 

3.5 

3.5 

3.5 

3.5 

3.& 

3.5 

3.4 

3,3 

3.3 

3.3 

3.3 

;i2 

3.25 

XI 

3.1 

3.1 



2,162 
2,944 
2,501 
2.147 



April UJ . 
Apnl 'M\ , 
Hayl-,. 
MayU_, 
May IC 
May lli.. 
May 20,. 
lilay 24-. 
May 2ft-. 
June :i . . 
Juno 7 . . 
June 11 . 
June 15 . 
June 19 . 
June 24 , 
June 28 . 
July 3-.. 



3.25 

3.1 

3.1 

3.4 

3.2 

3,3 

:i,w?> 

3.4 

3.3 

3.4 

3.3 

3.3 

3.5 

3,4 

a 35 

3.4 

3.4 



107 
965 
865 
943 
034 
048 
071 
172 
037 
826 
097 
592 
716 
672 
579 
622 

mi 

438 

4m 

379 

393 

48H^ 

253 

243 

671 

379 

558 

(i54 

600 

426 

620 

398 

471 

807 

66S 

556 

6^ 

497 



Bftli*. 



1902, 

Julys 

July 12 . 

July 16 

July 20;...-. 
July 24....- . 

July 29...... 

Augusts ..... 

Au^0t6 

AugDirt 11 .... 
August 15 .... 
August 19 .... 
AtigUBt 23 . , . . 

Aoguet 28 

September 1 . . 
September 5 . . 
September 9 . . 
September 13 . 
September 17 . 
B(?ptei«l>er 19 , 
September 23 , 
St^pt^mlHT 27 , 

(>rloher2 

(Mi>1>t^r6 

OfoberlO.... 

OrUilier 14 

(K^lober IH 

*>iioiH*r22 

(kto}»er 25, ._ . 

(h-t<il»^r:^0 

K*i\'i*mf>t*r 2 . . 
Kovt^jnb*^r6 .. 
K*jv«inl>er 10 . 
X'»V(*mlM?r 14 . 
Niivi'inbt^r 18 . 
X^jvtmilwr 22 . 
NiiVHiilwr 2fl . 
Ikn'HuJjer 2... 
Jk'if uibt»r H... 
DtH-enilMT 13.. 
lH*<^*nilK'r 18., 
Dtw-vinlM^r 23, . 






Ad. 

a. 56 

4.3 
6.76 
4.7 
6.8 

9a 

6.5 
5.3 
4.85 

ass 

6,6 
5,7 
6,3 
7.16 
8,7 
11.76 
9.66 
6.36 
6.1 
5.35 
4.86 
4,7 
5,0 
4,4 
4.65 
4.3f> 
4,2 

4.ia 

4.05 
4.75 
4,K5 
4.1 

:i90 

3.9 
3.9 
3. 9 
3.9 
4.0 

3.9 
3.9 
3.f» 



Dtfl 



siviLLj mo GBAKDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 

DftUy i^iff€ heighif in feet, of the Rio Grande near DeriUrirrr^ Tf.r. 



163 



D»y. 



1902. 



I Jan. 



1 

3 

i 


, 3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 


5. 


3.56 

" 3. SO 




' 3 50 


S 


3.60 


J 


3.90 


M.. . 


3.85 


11 


3. JO 


12 


3. W 


u 


3 HO 


14.. . . 


3.80 


15 


3 70 


16 


3.70 


17. 


3 70 


V^.... 


3.70 


19 


3.70 


30 


' 3.60 


21 


' 3.60 



a. 

21.. 
25., 

25. 

27 

28.. 
29. 
30. 
31.. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



50 

50 

50 

50 I 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50| 

50 

50 I 

,)0j 

50 I 

50 i 

50 

I 
50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 



Apr. 



3.50 

3.40 

3.50 

3.46 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.80 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.30 

3.20 

3.20 

3.20 

3.20 

3.20 I 

3.25 I 

3.20 

3.10 

3.10 

3.10 

3.10 

3.10 

3.10 



3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
8.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.40 
4.10 
3.70 
3.50 
3.40 



Mfiy. 



June.i.Tuly. Auk. 



3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
4.80 
3.75 
3.55 
3.60 
3.35 
3.20 
3.20 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.20 
3.20 



8.30 
3.15 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 
3.10 



3.40 ilO.OO 



5.60 
3.95 
3.75 
3.45 
3.40 
3.40 
3.65 
3.50 
3.40 
3.40 
3.30 
4. '20 
4.20 



3.80 
3.50 
3.40 
3.40 
8.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.35 
3.60 
3.75 
3.65 
3.50 
3.50 
3.50 
3.50 
3.40 
3.90 
3.95 
3.80 
3.50 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3. 40 
3.:« 

3.:« 



i 6.25 
I 3.75 

3.40 
I 3.35 
I 3.30 
I 3.30 
! 3.30 
' 3.50 

3.40 
•4.05 
I 4.40 
j 4.20 
I 5.35 
I 6.60 

: sj'io 

5.15 
4.80 
4.85 
4.75 
4.70 
4.95 
4.85 



Sept. I 0<*t. I Nov. ■ Dtf. 



5.65 



6.K'> 
6.45 
6.20 
5.95 
5. 65 
r>.25 
5.90 
5.50 
4.95 
4.75 
4.70 
4.60 
4.50 
7.50 
6.85 
6.00 
6.00 
5. 95 
5.60 
5. H5 
5. 65 
5.65 
5.70 



I 6.50 I 5.60 
10.15 I 5.95 
9.55 ' 



8.00 
8.40 
9.20 
8.05 
7.55 



•). 95 
6. 2*3 
5. 90 
6.30 
7.25 



7.3r> I 

7.25 I 

I -••^'> ! 

7.:«) , 

8.66 i 
8.00 
8.60 ; 
9.70 i 
11.65 I 
.•..7.. 
10.90 I 
10. 40 ! 

8.45 ^ 
' 7.») ' 

6. r»5 
, 6.:v') 
; r..()5 

' 5.9.-> 
5.50 
6.10 
6.55 
5. ;w 
5.00 
4.80 
4.90 
4.85 
4.70 
4.70 



4.70 I 
4.70 I 
5. 10 ; 
i.NO 
5.00 ' 
I. «»5 
4.65 
4.45 
4.40 I 
4.40 ' 

4.75 j 
...75 I 
4.t>5 I 
4.5;") I 
4.45! 
4.40 ! 
4.35! 
4.:«)' 

4.;w ' 

4.20 I 

4..>0l 

4. 15 j 

4.10 

4.10 

4.W 

1.05 

4.10 

4.10 

4.10 

4.10 



1.35 , 
4.60 I 

l.l^h I 
i.:i5 ' 
4.:io 

1.S5 

4.:^ , 
4.:i'> ' 

4.20 

4. 10 ; 

4.05 
1.00 
3.90 
:>.90 

3.90 ; 
3.90 ; 

3.90 ' 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3. W 
3. 90 
3.95 
4.20 i 
3.95 I 
3.90 i 

4.(V) : 

3.90 I 
3.90 ! 
3.90 I 



3.90 
3.90 
3.85 
3.80 
3.95 
4.05 
4.05 
4.00 
3.90 
4.00 
4.00 
4.00 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.95 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 
3.90 



Estimated moiUhltf discharge of the Hv) (irande near Derilsrirer, Tex. 



January . 
February 
March... 
April.... 
May .... 

June 

July .... 

AugUHt . , 



Month. 



1902. 



Dlwhar^e in sc'(M>iid-foet. 



Maximum. ' Minimum. 



September | ^ :Vy, 500 

October 

Novemlxjr 

December 



The year , 



Total in acre- 
; -feet. 



Mean. 



2,940 i 


1,860 


2,246 


138, 12<) 


2,170 ! 


1,880 


2,022 


112,304 


1,940 1 


1,500 


1,646 


101,217 


.S, 270 ; 


1,250 


1,585 


91,:^59 


2.S,000 1 


1,240 


2, tm 


163, 339 


2, 050 ^ 


1,400 


1,755 


104,450 


18, 700 , 


1,:^60 


6, ;J72 


391,795 


12, 200 . 


;H, 4(30 


7,071 : 


434, 797 


;i^), 500 


■S, 7CK) 


12,122 ; 


721,329 


4, 770 


2, 150 


.s,o;57 


186, 744 


:^,a50 


2, 030 


2, 400 ; 


142, 790 


2, 250 i 


1,930 


2,080 ; 


127, 914 



:V), 500 j 1 , 240 I 3, 745 I 2, 716, 167 



164 



STREAM MEA8UKEMKNTS IN 1902, PART III. 



DEVII^ RIVER AT DEVII^SRIVER, TEX. 

This station was csta})lished in April, 19(X), h>^ the Intern 
(Water) Boundary Coniniission. It is opposite the Southern 
Railway station at Devilsriver. The river is a}>out 50 miles in ] 
has a ])erennial flow, and during flood periods is subject to 
fluctuations. 

Dhfchargc inensurementH of IkvlU Rinr at DerUxrirer^ Tex. 
[Made ]>y Jaiiits P. Ha^ne. J. I>. Dillard, and A. L. Wilcox.) 



DaU». 



heiX. ! ''''^^^^-' 



I, 



1902. I Fni. 

January 5 2. 

January 11 2. I 

January 18 2. 

January 22 ' 2.0 

January 29 2. 

February « 2.0 

Febniary 9 , 2.0 

February U^ ! 2.0 

February 28 ! 2.0 

Man'li 1 ! 2.0 

March S ' 2.0 

March 17 ; 2.0 

March 2:J 2. 

March 25) 2.0 

April 4 1 2.0 

April S 2.0 

April l.") 2.0 

April 25 L\) 

May 5 2. 8 

May 9 2.0 

May 19 4.0 

May 2.S 2.4 

May 2S 2.2 

June 2 2. 2 

June 14 2.1 

June2:J ' 2.05 

June 27 2. 



I Srroiid-/cr.t. 



Date. 

1902. 

July 2 

July 11 

July 19 

July 28 

AujruHt n ... 



August 20 

.Vu^Mist 28 • 2.0 



497 

488 

495 

489 

472 

41H) I Aujru8t U 

453 

474 

505 

497 

50:i 

4t).S 

4!»0 

4S<» 

479 

475 

4S7 

(}^y^'^ 
14H 



<jaKC 
heijrht. 



FcfL 
2.0 
2.0 
2.0 
2.1 
2.0 
2.0 
2.0 



I)i 



Scptenil)er 4 . . 
Septciuher 12 . 
ScptenilRT 1(> . 
.S'j)tcinlH'r IS , 
S(')»tcinlK'r 2<) . 

Octolu-r 5 

(N'tolHT l:i 

()('t(»lM'r 21 

October 21> 

XovciiiIht 5 . . 
NovciiiluT lo . 
Novcnihcr 22 . 
2, 475) 1 Novcinhcr 2<> . 

742 I)c<'ciii)>cr 2. . . 

'i 
5S2 , l)cceni))er S... 

5o(> 1 ]>ccemlH'r l.'i. . 

4S.S l)ccein))cr is. . 

'I 
470 ! December 2:i. 

44S I DcccmbiT :i(». 



2. 2 i 

I 

2.15^ 
2. 15 , 
2. 15 I 
2. 1 
2.1 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2. I 
2. 25 
2. 15 
2. 1 
2. I 
2.05 
2. 05 



nvKLL) BIO OBANDE DRAINAQE BASIN. 

Daily gage height^ mfeet^ of Devils River at DeviUriveVj Tejc. 



165 






12.. 

«.. 

U.. 

15... 
J6... 
17... 
IS... 
IS... 

ao... 
•^1... 



23.. 
24.. 

25.. 
•26.. 
27.. 

»... 
3... 

31... 



Day. 



Jan. Feb. 



-r 



2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.05 

2.10 

2.10 

2.10 

2. 10 I 

2. 10 

2.10 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



Mar. i Apr. 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
I 2.00 
I 2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



I 2.00 

i 2.00 

I 2.00 

I 2.00 

I 2.00 

\ 2.00 

\ 2.00 

' 2.00 

I 2.00 

' 2.00 

\ 2.00 

' 2.00 

12.20 

2.10 

2.0O 

2.00 

2.00 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 

1.90 



May. June. July. 



I 



1.90 I 2.20 
1.90 I 2.20 
1.90 I 2.20 
3.00 j 2.20 
2.40 I 2.20 
2.20 ! 2.20 
' 2.20 



2.10 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
5.9ft 



2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2. 10 
2.10 



4.05 I 2.10 
2.95 I 2.10 
2. 65 I 2. 10 
2.45 I 2.00 
2.40 j 2.00 
2.40 I 2.00 



2.25 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



2.20 I 2.00 

2.20 ; 



I 2.00 
I 2.00 
I 2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
j 2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.60 
2.15 
2.05 
2.00 
2.00 



AUR. 


Sept. 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


2.25 


2.00 


2.a5 


2.00 


2.00 


2.00 


3. SO 


2.00 


2. -25 


2.00 


2.20 


2.00 


2.20 


2.00 


2.20 


2.00 


2.20 


2.00 


2.10 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2. (X) 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 



2.20 I 
2.20 i 
2.20 j 
2. -20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2. 20 
2.20 
2.-20 
2.20 
2.20 
2. 15 
2.15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2. 15 



o<-t. 



2.10 
2. '20 
2.35 
2. 25 
2.15 
2.15 
2. 15 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2. 10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2. 10 



Nov. I>et\ 



2.10 
2.40 I 
2.35 I 
2.25 I 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2.15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2.15 ! 

i. 1.'. i 

2. 15 ! 

•2.ir> i 

2. 15 
2.15 
2.15 
2.15 I 
2.15! 
2. 15 ' 
2.15 i 
2. 15 I 
2.15 1 
2. 10 j 
2.10 I 
2.10 I 
2.10 1 
2. 10 1 



2.20 
2.90 
2.20 
2.15 
2. 15 
2.15 
2. 15 
2. 15 
2.15 
2. 15 
2.15 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.05 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.05 
2.05 
2.05 
2.06 
2.05 
2.05 
2.05 
2.05 
2.05 
2.05 



h^imaied numildy disclutrge of Det'ih River at Devihnrer^ Tfj\ 



Month. 



1902. 
January 

Febniary 

Mait-h..' 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

Septemljer 

Oi'tol)er 

November 

December 

The year 



DischarKt' iu M'cond-fi'et. 



Ma.\imuin. i Miiiiiiiuin. 



500 
500 
500 
590 

,;^80 
5H0 
880 
4:50 

,200 

5:^ 

fk)0 

5;i5 



470 
450 
490 
440 
440 
4:^5 
420 
405 
405 
420 
8fK) 
880 



5, 880 



880 



488 
480 
494 
4H9 
815 
491 
448 
414 
510 
488 
48« 
414 

491 



Total in acri'- 
fwt. 



29, tmo 

2(;, (i88 

80, mi 

27,907 
50,102 
29, 207 
27, 218 
25, 458 
80, 867 
26, 618 
29,514 
25,438 



:i55, 219 



166 



STREAM MKASUBEMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



lK0.8i 



PECOS RIVER NEAR MOORHEAD, TEX. 

This Htation was established by the International (Water) Boundary 
Coniniission in April, 1900. It is near Moorhead, immediately above 
the high bridge of the Southern Pacific Railway. 

DMinnje meumiremenUi of PertM River near Mourhsady Tex. 
[Mailo ]>y JamcH V. Hague. J. 1). Dillard, and A. L. Wileox.] 



IHito. 

1<K)2. 
January 4 . . . 
January H . . . 
January Ml .. 
January !<> . . 
January 25 . . 
January 28 . . 
Febniary 1 . . 
February 8 . . 
Febniary 12 . 
February ir> . 
February 19 . 
February 22 . 

March 4 

March 7 

March II.... 
March 14.... 

March U> 

Manh 22 . . . . 
March 2r. . . . . 
March :U) . . . . 

April 1 

April <) 

April 10 

April i:i 

April 20 

April 25 

April :«) 

May ;$ 

May 7 

May 11 

May 17 

May 21 

May 25 

Mav:^0 



<tage 
height. 

Fret. 
1.4 
2.1 
2.1 
1.9 
l.fi 
l.() 
l.() 
1.4 

i.a5 

l.(> 
l.« 
1.7 

!.:{ 

1.8 

1.2 

1.2 

1.2 

1.15 

1.1 

1. 1 

I.O 

.\) 

1.H5 

.9 

.9 

.9 

1.4 

l.;i5 

.\) 

.H 

1.1 

.9 

.8 



DiHchargro. 

Sf'rowl-/rii. 
608 
967 
943 



Date. 



1902. 



June 4 . 
June 8 . 
June 12 



'1 
842 1 June 17 

581 I June 20 

5.*{6 I Jtuie 25 

499 i June 2<> 



502 
636 
612 
(i09 

(>;i8 

487 
487 
457 
426 



July4 

July9 

July 13 

July 17 

July 21 

July 25 

July 30 

! August 3 

.\ ngUHt 7 

362 I Au^'ust 12 

3(>0 August 16 

344 August 21 .... 

370 I Augu.st 25 

37S I August 2^) 

343 Septcmln^r 2 . . 
29S September (5 . . 
71H ' September 10 . 
311 ; SepU'inber 14 . 



Gage 
leight. 



heigl 



250 
460 
430 
249 
2:i5 
322 
255 
231 



0.7 

. 7 
. 7 
1.5 
1.1 
1.7 
1.2 
.9 
.8 
. 7 
1.7 
2.35 
2.9 
3.6 
4.2 
2. 45 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
1.6 
1.3 
1.2 
2. 05 
1.55 
1.85 

Septcuiber 18 \ 1.6 

SeptemlHT20 ' 1.55 

Septi'mlH'r 25 ' 1 . 35 

SeptemlxT 30 | 1.3 

October 4 | 1.45 

()ct()l)er8 1.3 



OctoU'r 12. 
October U\. 
OctolMT 20. 



1.3 
1.3 
1.3 



Piflchatge. 

Secfmd-ffft 
231 
231 
240 

54:j 

351 
64-^ 
394 

282^ 

25:^ 

237 

594 

l,0<i7 

1,531 

2, 03<i 

2, 7(k3 

1,202 

72** 

7S4 

a5I 

579 

4(>5 

374 

885 

(102 

742 

r):io 

5<)5 
477 
431 
464 
420 
42:i 
42^> 
416 



SIO dftAlTdS DRAINAGE BASnf. 



107 



lH»chitrge measiirfmenUs of Pecos River near Moorhead^ Tear. — ContimuKl. 


Date. 


(iafe 
height. 


Diflchaige. 


Date. 


height. 


DiM'llHIVf. 


1902. 


FM. 


Secand-fftt. 


1902. 


J->€t. 


Octoljer 24 


1.25 

1.2 

1.5 


421 
404 
521 


November 28 

December 3 


1.3 
1.3 
1.3 


:^2 


October 28 


:i65 


November 3 


December 7 


375 


November 7 


1.3 


440 


December 11 


1.55 


507 


Xovemlier 11 


1.25 


423 


December 16 


1.4 ! 398 


Noveml»er 15 


1.3 


420 


' December 22 


1.4 ; 420 


Kovenilier 20 


1.25 


• 412 


; December 27 


1.4 ; 410 



Daiiy gage height^ infect, of Pecos River near Moftrhewl^ Tex. 



Itay. 



ISOL 

I ..,..,... 

2__^^^_ 

1.. ...... ...... 

4. „.,... 

*.... 

*... ..,„. 

I... ........ 

9,. 

W- 

Il...._,.„ 

12...... 

ia..„ 

14 ..... 

IS.. ..„ 

w.„. 

K.., 

!>....._. . 

W... 

30.^ 

*l...... ., 

SL 

a. 

2I.....„, . 

ffl.,. 

s ,. 

s,.... „,.,.,. 
^. 

5..,,.. 

*.. 

JL... 



Jut, 



1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.10 
L30 

rao 

t.^ 

2LQ0 
2.00 

xao 

2. IP 
2.10 
XIQ 
LW 
1.80 

1.60 

i.tt 
too 

i.«a 

\M 
l.«0 

l.tiO 



?*b. 



Uar, 



I 

\ 

1.60 J 

1.30 

1,90 

t.30 

1-30 . 

1.20 i 

1.30 

1.40 

I.JO 

J. 40 

L40 

\.m 
1.^ 
i,m 
i.m 

LflO 

i.r»> 

l.fiO 
1,70 
1.70 
1.70 
l.tiO 

\.m 

1.60 

L«0i 



Apr. 



1.60 

1.4U 
1.30 
\/^ 

1. :h) 

1.30 
I, MO 

i.:» 
i.;nj 

l.HO 

1.30 ; 

1.30 I 

I 

1,20 < 

1.30 S 

1.20 

i.ao 

Lao 

L20 

1.20 

l/^ 

1,20 
l.2t» 

Lao 

1.90 

1.16 
1.1& 

1.15 
1.1ft 
1.10 
l.KJ 



LIO 

1.10 
LIO 
L0O 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
1.00 
.90 
.90 
.00 
2.^ 
3.2* 
LOO 
L70 

i,m 

LIO 
1.10 
.90 
.flO 
.UO 
.00 
.00 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.00 
.«0 
.»0 



Hfty. 



June. 



0.00 
.90 

Lao 

.90 
.90 
L3S 
1.40 
LIS 

Lia 

LOO 
.90 

.90 ^ 

.00 

.85 

10.40 

L8.'> 

1.10 

1.10 

1.10 

LOO 

.90 

.90 

.00 

.00 

.00 

.HO 

,m 

1.20 



July. 



1.06 

.00 

.m ' 

I 

.70 I 

.70 I 
.70 r 

.70 I 

.to! 

.70 1 
.70 ' 
.70 

.70 I 

.ml 
.70 : 
.m 

.70 
L50 

l:io 
Lio 

L05 
l.UO 
.95 

.m 

1.S5 
l.GO 
1.35 
1.20 
1.05 
L20 
L05 



L2S 
1.10 
LIO 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.Ki 
,80 

,m 

.HO 
.75 
.70 
.70 
,70 
.U 

.m 
%m 

2.90 
'i.OO 
2.50 
2.30 
2.»0 

2,ao 

2.<'i0 
3.00 
3.^ 
3.50 
3.50 
3.55 
3. GO 
a. 7ri 



Aujf.Uw^pt,' <»«■(.' Xnv. ' l>rt*. 



II. m 
».OEi 
4.20 

4.30 

a. 35 
2.70 
2.40 
2.25 
2.05 
LOft 
l.fl6 
LDO 
LW 
L90 
I.IL^ 
2.00 
2,5rj 
LHS 
2,25 
2.1fi 
2.00 
LW 
L hi'i 
LffTi 
Lf>^ 
l.Ml 
1 . 40 
LSi'i 
L^IO 
L2r» 
121* 



l.JO 
1.25 
LAJ 
L4A 
4.05 
2.1-1 
LKTi 
l.HO 
L(i5 
L7fi 
L90 
2.0D 
'J,Ofi 
LH,1 
LtiTi 
I . fKI 
L70 
2.^*t> 
L7.=i 
L5r» 
L.'iSJ 
].5(} 
L-l*> 
1.4'* 
1.40 
LS?-* 

l:w 

1.30 
\M 
1.30 



LJO 
L2£^ 
Lfl5 

\.m 

L40 
L40 
LW 
1.30 

\.m 

L'iO 
1.20 
L»0 
1.30 
1.30 
L'JO 
L.10 

i.:to 

\.^\ 

L:mj 

L30 
l.HO 
L£jO 
L3U 
L2U 
L20 

vao 

L20 
L20 

i.ao 

L20 



Ll» 

L20 

Li.% 

1.15 

L^I5 

LW 

1.30 

1.30 

Lit! 

L4U 

1.30 

L30 

L3C> 

L3t> 

L30 

1.20 

L20 ■ 

LW ' 

!.!!;> 

L^tO 

I.IK) 

L40 : 

LStO 
LHO ' 
1.30 ' 
L30 ' 
1.30 ' 
L30 
1.3U 
VMS 



1.30 
L30 

l.M 
1.30 

Lao 
LW 

i.:» 

1,30 

l:j5 
L.-il) 
LOO 
L50 
1.50 
1.50 
L40 
LIO 
L40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.10 
1.40 
1.40 
L40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1,40 
1.40 
L40 
L40 



168 • STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [tk>- BL 

EMhnatvd monthly dwclmrge of Pecos Rii^er near Moorhead, Tex. 

Mouth. 



1902. 



January . . . 
Fehnmry . . 

Mart'h 

April 

May 

June 

July 

AugUHt 

8eptenil)er . 

0(!tol)er 

NoYenil>t»r . 
De(t»nil)er . 



Tilt* vt»ar 



Discharge in necond-feet. 


Total in acre- 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


feet 


1,000 


450 


675 


41,514 


im 


430 


559 


31,041 


HIO 


340 


421 


25,884 


1,760 


250 


411 


24,486 


11,100 


230 


640 


39,342 


590 


210 


319 


18,962 


2,160 


235 


885 


54,387 


2, 880 


425 


1,074 


66,030 


2, :i70 


375 


678 


40,334 


740 


405 


430 


26,420 


500 


390 


425 


25,269 


5:i5 


365 


414 


25,478 


11,100 


210 


578 


419,107 



I»KCOH RIVKR, MARCiUKRKTTA FLUMK, AND WEST VALLEY DITCH, NEAR 

TKCOS, TKX. 

The suiniiuM- flow of IVcos KivcM* is largely dependent upon numer- 
ous springs, which occur in the* limestone country in the vicinity 
of Koswell and below. Owing to the numerous diversions for irri- 
gating ])urposes, how(*ver, the river would be dry in the sumin^^' 
when* it crosses into Texas w(M'(» it not for the waters which are gr^^' 
ually returning to tin* rivcM- thi'ough scn^page. This water, unfoi'^^^' 
nately, is impregnated to a consid(M'abl(» extent with alkali^ wh^"^^ 
rcndcM's it und(\sira))le for irrigating ])urpos(^s. 

The station on the INvos Kiver was established flanuary 1, 1898, - 

Thomas V . Taylor, and is located a))()ut (> miles above Pecos, Tex. . 
the flume of the AhirguiM'ctta Canal Company. This canal diverts 
water from the IVcos Kiver '] mih»s a))ove the flume from the w 
side of the river. The main canal flows for 8 miles on the west s 
of the river and then is taken bv the flumc^ across the Pecos River 






the east side. However, before it reaches th(^ flume the West ValC • 

canal is tak(Mi out of the main canal and is made to carry water ^ 

iof 

-be 



the alfalfa farms on the west side of the river. The gage consists 
a graduated strip of wood att4u*hed to one of the v(»rtical bents of 
flume on the ui)per side of the same. The bench mark is on the t— ***^^^ 
of the west a})utment or pi(n* on the north side, and its elevation 



js 



1 



RIO GRANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



169 



feet aboFe the datum of the gage. The channel at this point is 
r straight, the water at low stages leather sluggish, the banks 
and the bottom sandy. The gage heights on the flume are 
aed by measuring the depths of the water in the flume at the 
end. The zero of this gage is at the bottom of the flume. The 
\ of the river have no connection with each other except that they 
[eographically at the same place on the river and have the same 
ver, Willard H. Dennis, who reads both gages. For the years 
and 19<>2 Mr. Dennis has also taken the measurements of the flow 
c Pecos, the flume, and the ditch at this station. The measure- 
s are made above the flume l)y wading, a wire l)eing stret<?hed 
s the river and tagged every 4 feet. A full description of the 
s and ditches in this section is given on page 62 of Water-Supply 
r No. 13. 

ixhartjf mettmirements of Pecos Hirer and Mnrgxieretta flume near Perim^ Tex. 



Date. 


(iage height 
Pe<^oH River. 

Ffft. 
2.00 
2.00 
2.40 
2.20 
2.00 
2.10 
2. 15 
2.00 

2. 30 
1.90 

3. f)0 
3. 30 
2.80 


PecoHRiverMaijrueretta 

1 


1902. 
iljer 2» 


S*etnnl-/€ti. 
119 
109 


Stctmdjtet, 


tS 


UK 


t6 


153 ' 106 


rlO 


132 1 117 


rl4 


103 ' 132 


rl8 


127 123 


r21 


120 V2fi 


r24 


107 
lfi2 
97 
390 
30H 
221 




r27 


130 


lier :i 


126 


ber 3 


82 


\wrA 


87 


ber H 


99 







170 STKEAM MEASUREMEKT8 IN 1902, PART III. 

IHiicItartje of Wetft VaUet/ ditch near Pecitttf Tex, 



Date. 



DiH- 
charge. 



1902. 
March 24 .. 
Man'hSl .. 
Aprils .... 
April 14 ... 
April 21 ... 
April 28 ... 

May5 

May 12.... 
May 18.... 
May 26.... 

June 2 

June 9 



See.'/cct. 
10 
10 
10 
14 
16 
14 
16 
14 
16 
16 
18 
14 



Date. 
1902. 

June 16 

June 23 

June 29 

July6 

August 24 

August 31 

September 7 

September 14 . . . 
September 21 . . . 
September 28 . . . 

Oct<>l>er3 

Octoljer 5 



Uis*- 
char«:o. 



Scc./cct. 
16 
14 
14 
10 
16 
10 
16 
16 
14 
14 
14 
9 



I)tit<i. 



1902. 

October 6 . . . 

October 10 . . 

0<!tol>er 13 . . 

Oct^)ber 14 . . 

October 18 . . 

Oc!t4)l>er 19 . . 
I Ot^tolwr 21 . . 

October 26 . . 

Octol)er 27 . . 
j November 2. 

November 3. 



[sc 



char 



Daily gage height^ in fe.ety of Pecos River near Pecos, Tejc, 



Day. 



1902. 



2 

8 

4 

5 

6 



Attn. \ Feb, 



9.... 
10.... 
11... 
12. . . . 
13... 
14.... 
If). . . . 
16.... 



18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
26. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 



30 

S7 



4.W 
MO 
5,00 
5,00 

5.00 
4.90 

4.m 

4,00 
ft, W> 

3J5 
X]5 
3,00 

2.*M\ 
•LHt 
2. NO 
2.f*0 

2.75 
2.70 
2,70 

a. 70 

2.70 

2.70 
2.70 
^^,70 
J. 70 
2.70 
Z70 
2. 70 



2.70 
3.:*0 
3.50 
3.t4 

X^ 
3.50 

■i-!*5 
3.CI0 
3.70 
4.05 

4.ori 

3.90 
3.110 
3. HO 
3.45 
3,10 
3.10 
3.tt^ 
2.&5 
2-90 
2.*ij 
2.K0 
■■.7u\ 

^.1^ 



XpT. I May. 



Juni^. July. 



2.70 I 
2.70 
Uh70 I 
'l.m 

±m I 

2fVt 

±AQ . 
2.40 I 

2.m ^ 

'2.:hi 

•2/m 

2,20 ' 

i.^'t I 

l.TiU ' 

l.So 
I.W I 
J..v> ^ 



0.90 I 
.90 

.Nfj , 

.90 
.MO 

f i 

•■*'! 

.TiO 

-i-'l 

. to 

., 10 
.10 ' 

.10 ! 

,io , 
, io 
. io 
.io 

. 10 

H 411 
.10 
JO 



0. 40 I 0. 50 

.40 .ftO 



.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 



,.tO 
.SO 
.Mi 

3,(»rt 



.40 4,75 
. 40 fi. TiO 



.40 
.10 



5, i"i 
3.10 



.50 I i.'^'t 



.HO 
.70 
.70 
.70 



.50 

.:»o 



.TK) 






l.(r> 

1.00 

a. :>o 

{]. v» 
3.70 
2. ST) 
2. .'lO 
1.7.) 

i.:k) 
i.:iO 

".0 1.15 
".() 1.10 
1.10 



10 



1.10 
1.10 
1.10 

1JI.-> 

IhIO 
1. 10 
1. 10 

i.Trj 

9,00 
12.rt» 

7.70 
(). (H) 
5.10 
4..'»5 
3. 95 
3.>v'» 
G. 45 
8.70 
8.50 
11.70 
13.90 
12. :{.") 
9. 40 
7. 95 
7.70 

r.. sTt 
5. '.Kl 



Au^, 



\ 



■4.46 

X§5 

a. OS 

3.05 
4.00 
4.20 

1.00 

fvjrj 
4.25 
3. 75 
3. .55 
3.40 
3. :V5 
3. 25 
3.05 
2.90 
2.70 
2.5.5 
2.50 
2. 50 
2. :i5 
2.30 
2. 20 
2. 15 
2. 05 
.00 



Hvpt 



2,00 

ioo 

2.00 
2.U0 
3,15 
3,30 
2.9) 

3.15 
3.:t'i 
3. 15 
3.10 
2,90 
2.80 
2. 45 
2.10 
2.05 
2.00 
2. 05 
2.10 
2. 45 
2. 50 
2.40 
2.00 
2.70 
2. GO 
2. 40 
2. 15 
2.00 
2.00 



Dft, Nov. ri 



2. 00 
2.M 
2. 10 

2. 10 

2.:w 

2. 45 
2.20 
2.10 
2.10 
2.15 
2.15 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2. a5 
2. 10 
2. 10 
2.10 
2.10 
2. 25 
2.30 
2. 10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.00 
2.30 

2.:w 

2.30 
2.30 
2. 15 
2. 05 
2.00 : 



I 



1.90 
1.95 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.05 
2. 10 
2.10 
2.10 
2.10 
2. (R) 
2. (K) 
2. 00 
2.00 
2.0t) 
2.1X» 
2. 00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2. 10 
2. 15 
2.00 
2.00 
2. 00 
2. 15 
40 



1 RIO ORAKDE DBAINAOE BASIN. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Margueretta flume tiear Peoon, Tex. 



171 



^1. 



WL 



I... 
t.. 
t.. 
i.. 
t.. 
J... 
t,., 
%.... 

U.... 
B.... 
B.... 

a... 

M.... 

n.... 
n... 

a.... 
a.... 



JjUi. 



la... 
la... 

a... 

t... 



^9& 

3.00 
3.W 

3.10 
S.OQ 
^H 
2:80 

2.75 
%m 

17& 
2,75 
2.75 
2,75 
17^ 



Fiib. , Mar. 



1&! 
2.50 

IfiO I 

2.40 , 

3L«a 

Z.55 

Z.fi5 

1.10 

L40 

1,2a 

1.35 

1.72 

2.A0 

3. SO 

'h^40 

2.40 
2L3& 
2.20 

a. 30 
zao 

2.20 
2; 10 

2,ao 

2.40 
2.fiO 

Z40 



2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.eiQ 
3.110 



A fur. 



Las 

' L*ift 
l.tiO 

] 1.55 



J.Sa r 1.60 
2,65 I 1.60 
2.60 1.W 
2.fta j 1. 6ft 
2.42 2.10 
2.»1 I 2.2& 
a, 45 j 2.30 
2.26 I ZOO 



2.25 
2.40 
2.40 
2.40 
2.^ 
2.4B 
2.1V 
140 
L86 
1.90 
2.00 
2.00 

a,u& 

3.10 
SO 



1.75 

1.75 
1.80 
1.80 
1.90 
1.90 
1.70 
1.40 
1.35 
1.45 
1.65 
1.G5 
1.76 
1.60 
1.65 



Mn>. 



I 



1,7» 

i.a& 
:!.oo 

1,S5 
1,70 
\M 
1.70 
1.70 
L70 
1.55 
U']0 
1,60 
LM) 
l.tiO 
1.75 
2.10 
2.(» 
2.00 
1.85 
1.60 
1.50 
1.60 
1.60 
1.75 
2.00 
1.95 
1.70 
1.65 
1.60 
1.45 
1.56 



JtUKi, 



L60 
L'la 
l.«2 
1.05 
2.60 
2.60 
2.66 
1.75 
1.9& 

2.ao 

2L32 

2.aa 

l.TW 
l.fiO 

t.oo 

2.28 

2.40 

2.50 

2. 45 

2.20 

' 2.80 

; 2.20 

2.05 

1.85 

I 1.75 

I 1.68 

I 1.65 

■ 1.90 



Jul^-. 


Amie. 


L«0 


OvOU 


LTft 


.W 


t75 


.«o 


2.0$ 


L3A 


£.30 


1.55 


t.es 


l.VO 


1,30 


2.^ 


l.»0 


2.A6 


L96 


.^ 


LHO 


.«& 


t.4Ji 


3.00 


1,S0 




S.20 


xm 


3,60 


s.oo 


1,10 


zw 


.fiO 


2.M 


15 


2.:^ 


.00 


2.35 


00 


:l15 


lA 


1,65 


2.05 


2.45 


a. to 


2,15 


3.35 


1.60 


3.B& 


lt6D 


3.50 


L60 


3.10 


1.50 


2.:io 


i.6iO 


2.50 


2L0ft 


2.00 


1.U0 


.55 


3.20 


.00 


2,30 



i^^i^^l. 



2.90 

2.ao 

3.310 
2.16 

too 

3.00 
t.«& 

1. 10 
1.25 
1.^5 
1.15 
1.60 
1.40 
SO 

r.«i 

l.?0 
1.70 
1.50 
^ti5 
2.10 
l.MO 
L80 
M»6 
21.10 
2.20 

2.m 

2.10 

3.10 
:;.iO 

2,06 



Oil. 


Nov. 1 

1 


IHX'. 


%\h 


2.30; 


•2.16 


2.25 . 


2.30 


2.15 


3.36 


2.25 


1.96 


2,a) 


2.30 


2.05 


2.40 


2.a'» 


'2.15 


2.30 


2.30 


2.10 


lOU 


2.30 


2.05 


2.UU 


2.30 


2.10 


2.10 


2. '25 


2.15 


2.10 


2. 20 


2.20 


2,0ft 


2.21) 


2.30 


2.0ft 


2.20 


2.20 


2.10 


2.20 


2.20 


2.10 


2. 15 


2.20 


2.10 


1. 15 


2.30 


2L10 


2. 10 


2.25 


'L'JI^ 


2.10 


2. '20 


3.3U 


2.10 


2.20 


3.10 


2.10 


2.20 


2. lU 


2.10 


2.20 


2.HU 


2. 15 


2.20 


2.»0 


2.2U 


2.30 


3.3U 


2.20 


2.80 


3.4U I 


2.20 


2.30 


3. iT 


2.20 


2.30 


3,;t5 


2.20 


2.20 


2.3.^ 


2,15 


2.30 


J.4U 


2. 15 


2.30 


3.310 


2.20 


2.30 


2,ao 


2.00 ; 


2.80 


2.30 




2.30 



Rating table fur Pecos River near Pecos, Tejr., fur 190 J. » 



DijicharKO. 


' Gaffe 
height. 


Diw^hHixt*. 


Gu«e 
height. 


r)lj4<.'lmrKf. 


Srrond/ert. 


Fert. 


SfCfrnd-feet. 


fM. 


Stn*ml-/t<t. 


77 


3.0 


240 


4.3 


574 


8«3 


3.1 


260 


4.4 


60<) 


90 


3.2 


280 


4.5 


640 


98 


3.3 


.302 


4.6 


674 


107 


3.4 


324 


4.7 


710 


117 


3.5 


348 


4.8 


746 


128 


3. 6 


372 


4.9 


784 


140 


3. 7 


398 


5.0 


822 


154 


3. 8 


425 


r>. 5 


1,022 


170 


3. 9 


453 


6.0 


1, 222 


186 


4.0 


482 


6.5 


1,422 


204 


4.1 


512 


7.0 


1,622 


222 


^•2 


542 i 


7.5 


1,822 



hdjht. 
hrt 

I '•' 

1.8 

1.9 

! 2.0 

2.1 

I 2.2 

' 2.3 

' 2.5 
2.6 
2.7 
2.8 
2.9 



"Thi» in innde uj> from iin'««ijrriii«»iii.«* of tJw rivvr only; do«i not inrlwfc dltoh or flume. 



1 <iaKe 
height. 


DiM'harge. 


Fett. 


Sfcoiui-fcti. 


8.0 


2, 022 


8.5 


2, 222 


9.0 


2 422 


9.5 


2,622 


, 10.0 


2,822 


, 10.5 


3, 022 


11 11.0 


3,222 


; 11.5 


3,422 


;' 12.0 


3, 622 


': 12.5 


3, 822 


: 13.0 


4,022 


13. 5 

1 


4,222 



172 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. [> 

EaimaUd monUdy discliarge of Pecoa River nmr Peco»j Tex. 



Month. 



1902. 

Jauiiary 

February 

March ltol9« 

June 7 t<» 13 ami IH to 23 « . 

July 10t4»31« 

August 

September 

October 

November 

De(!eml)er 



IHsi'haiXi' ii» Hcoond-fef t. 



Maximum, i Miniumm. 



Mean. 



Total 
H<Te-f< 



862 
497 



185 
170 



1,882 
313 
147 
140 
385 



98 
98 
98 
90 
170 



:wi 


o; 


\m 


u 


144 


r 


577 


1-^ 


,881 


81 


:Ki 


Of 


ir>7 


< 


112 


( 


102 


{ 


2a5 


11 



(I Ah no diHi'.harKe meaKurementR have been made at low water, diwhargeH for gage heights < 
than 1.7 feet c^aii not be cH»mputed. Ga^c height of 1.7 fe<*t correHiKindM to a di.seharge of 77 Mr 
feet. For perio«b« not covered by abc»ve table difiohargeK wert» lew than 77 weeond-fei't. See tii 
gage heiglitJt. 

RIO GRANDE AT LANCITRY, TEX. 

This station was established in April, 19CH), by the Internati 
(Water) Boundary (commission. It is loi-ated one-half mile soiitl 
Langtry station, on the Soiith(»rn Facitic Kiiilway, and is about 
miles l)elow El Paso, Tex., at the eastiM-n end of the eanyon s(H' 
of the Rio Grande, and a short distiinee to the west of the nioutl 
Peeos River, one of the principal trilmt^iries of the Rio (ininde. 

l>m'hni'<ff metiJ*iirt'iiinttx of the Rio (irande at Ixiiujtnjy T*j\ 
[Made ]»y Jus. T. IlHKue ami J. 1). Dillanl.] 



Dati-. 



lu'iK'ht. 



1902. ''''''• 

January 3 0. M 

Jamiary 7 .!> 

January 9 \) 

January 12 9 

January 17 1.0 

January 20 1.0 

January 24 . 1» 

January 27 1.0 

January 31 . iio 

February 3 1.0 

Kebniary 7 1.0 

Ft-ltnmrv 11 .95 



Diwhaiye. 

Semiiil-frft. 
H(M3 
084 
5VI2 
r>4« 
589 
fi51 
554 
030 
MVA 
571 
503 
550 



bate. 

1902. 
Fe})ruary 14 
February IS 
Fe})ruary 21 
Fe})ruary 25 
Feiimary 28 
March 3 . . . . 

March t\ 

Marcli 10... 
Marcli 13... 
March 15 . . . 
Marcli 18... 
Marcl\ '1\ ... 






0. tl5 
1.0 
.9 
.9 
. iJ 
. S 
. 8 
.8 
. S 
.8 



I)is.li: 



1 BIO OBANDE DBAINAGE BA8IK. 173 

Diaeharge. meatiuremetUs of the Rio Grattde at Liingtry^ Tex. — (continued. 



Date. 



1902. 
25... 



31. 



12. 
17. 
21. 
24. 

28. 



).. 
I.. 

«.. 
2.. 
B.. 
1.. 
14. 



hei^t 



Fttt. 
.7 
.7 
.66 
.65 
.65 
.65 
.65 
1.0 
.7 
.65 
.65 
.6 
1.35 
.65 
.6 
1.1 
2.2 
.75 
.7 
1.7 
.75 
.7 

1.35 
1.0 
1.8 
.7* 
1.9 
.85 
2.95 
5.0 
2.35 
3.0 
8.0 
5.45 
3.4 



Discharge. 



Second-feet. 

391 

403 

370 

362 

373 

361 

368 

591 

378 

318 

304 

283 

845 

310 

286 

656 

1,899 

362 

329 

1,189 

358 

305 

797 

501 

1,269 

316 

1,360 

382 

3,067 

6,696 

2, 125 

2,997 

12, 962 

7,599 

3,902 



Date. 


hei^t. 


1902. 


Feet. 


Auf^st 8 


2.95 


August 13 


2.3 


August 18 


3. 95 


August 22 


4.0 


August 26 


5.9 


August 30 


5.45 


September 3 


5.15 


September 7 


7.95 


September 11 


10.65 


September 20 


3.8 


September 24 


3.1 


September 28 


2.6 


September 30 


2.7 


October 3 


2.75 
2.35 

2.8 

2.:^ 

2.0 

1.8 

1.7 

1.65 

1.7 


October 7 


October 11 


October 15 


OctolKjr 19 


October 2:^ 


Octolwr 27 


Octol)er31 


November 4 


November 8 


1.8 


November 12 


1.5 


November 16 


1.4 


Noveml)er 20 


i.:i5 


November 24 


1.35 


NovemK-r 28 


1.3 


De(!eml:)er 1 


1.3 


December 5- 


1. 9 ' 


December 10 


l.S.'S 1 


December 15 


l..%5 1 


December 20 


1.4 


De<;ember 26 


l.:i5 

1 



Discharge. 

Smtnd-/ed. 

3,060 

2,043 

5,066 

5,263 

9, 328 

8,268 

7,843 

14, 979 

23,471 

4,749 

3,261 

2,:360 

2, 532 

2,523 

1,957 

2,661 

2,011 

1,540 

1,317 

1,202 

1,142 

1,222 

1,324 

1,032 

9:^ 

868 

863 

815 

779 

1,4:« 

839 

831 

893 

845 



174 8TBEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 

Daily gage height j infect, of the Rio Grande at Ixinglry, Tejc. 



[Kaft 



Diiy. 



1... 

h... 
«... 

IS... 
14,.. 

17... 
Ifi... 
19... 

21-.. 



7A. 

ae. 

28. 
29.. 

30. 
31. 



Jan. Fisb. 



0.90 
.QO 
.90 
.UO 
.«» 
.90 
.W 
.40 
.90 

,m 
.w» 

.91) 
LIO 
LI* 

1.10 
1,00 
1,00 
1.00 
1. 00 
1.00 
LOO 
LOO 
.ft'i 

uon 

1,00 
LOO 

\.m 

.90 



0.90 

LOO 

LOO 

LOO 

LOO 

LOO 

LM 

LOO 

l.€0 

LOO 

.96 

,95 

.96 

.96 

.9^ 

.UO 

.90 

LOO 

M 

.90 

.90 

.90 

.90 

.90 

-90 ; 

.w ! 

,9(» I 



Mu-, 


Apr. 


O.DO 


0,65 


.SO 


.6fi 


.SO 


.Ar> 


.« 


,e& 


.flO 


.65 


.86 


,6.5 


.90 


.65 


.SO 


,66 


.SO 


,66 


.M 


.&5 


,w 


.Ufi 


.so 


,06 


.m 


:>.&5 


.m 


LOO 


.^ 


2.15 


.»o 


2.06 


.80 


L40 


.75^ 


.SO 


.% 


.«0 


.75 


.« 


.75 


.80 


.76 


,75 


.70 


,10 


.70 


.tifi 


.70 


.«& 



.70 . 
.70, 
-TO , 
.70 



0.«6 

,m 

.iiO 
.70 
L56 
.W 
,«i5 
.6!] 
.65 
,W 

,eo 

.60 

,75 
LIO 

.95 

.SO 
it 46 
Lift I 

.85 

.80 

.76 

.76 
L3(> 

,H0 

,76 

.76 

.75 
LBO 

\,m\ 



LOO 

.SO 

.75 

.75 

^n 

.70 

.70 

LOO 

L« 

L70 

L40 

1.116 

L20 

LIO 

1,10 

LIS 

L^ 

\.m 
\.m 

LIO 
LOO 

.7?> 
,70 
,70 



July. Aupc, 



BeiiL 



L6fi 

.W . 
LOO I 

.90 

.8ft 

.90 
LIO 
1.^ 
^20 

3.a\ 

2.00 
2.90 
7.00 
4.80 

A. 60 

2.-i5 
2,95 



H.20 
2.90 
4.;^ 
4.00 
10. l.'^ 
7.60 
7.46 
7. 7-'^ 
.s.,«| 

5. i:» I 



L76 
%.H0 

2.yo 

3.70 
3,7<J 

%m 
%m 

3.60 
2,60 
■2,J6 
Le6 
6.26 
5.6S 
.•t.2ft 
4.40 
S.96 
3.9i5 
4.05 
^.^ 
S.M 
3,76 
4.46 
5.10 



>i.90 ! .2 
6.16 

L.Vi 

♦». 10 



5.90 
^80 
6.4.^ 
ti.40 
7.00 
7.S5 
8.10 
10.40 
14. €6 
12. g& 
10.65 
10,06 
a.K5 
7.25 
0.40 
^.70 
5,05 
4.:*^ 
4.05 

6.25 
.5.05 
S..% 
3.05 
2,95 

2,yu 

a. 76 

'i.7(S 

'J, 7iS 



Of'L Kfiv. J 



I 



S.JO 
3.40 

%/^ 
a. 40 

2.65 
2.40 
2,20 

2. U> 
2.7'* 
'.i.70 
'l.m 
2.55 
2. SO 
2.20 

-»■■* 

2.0,T I 
2.00 I 

L90 

LS5 

L«0 ' 

Lwl 

L75 I 
I 
L«.t 

L7n 

1.7a' 

1.70 

M^i 

i.a) 1 



2.56 
1.96 

2.16 
L95 
2.K& 

2.ri5 

iOO 

l.« 

LH5 
L'i5 
L50 
I.hIiO 
1.45 
L45 
L4D 
L40 
1.40 
L40 
1.40 
L4Q 

La-^ 

1.35 
l.ttt 
L41» 
L7t) 
LKi 
L;ff> 
LIU 



Lai 
].« 

LP 
LS 
LB 
LG 

LS 
LS 

\M 

La 
La 

LS 
LB 
L9 
L4 
L4 
L4 
L« 
L4I 
L4I 
l.« 
1.10 
l.« 
L« 
l.tf 
LM 

IS) 

1.35 



Katimatt'l monthly dMuirg*' of thr Rio dniiulf <U Dnigtri/, Tex. 



Month. 



1902. 



I)is<'liurK»' in H-cond-fect. 



Maxiiiiuin. Miniiiinin. 



Mean. 



January 820 I 

Febniary 580 l 

March ' 530 | 

April I .S,;^80 i 

May 2,250 

June 5, 1 70 

July • 20,800 

August 10, 550 I 

September 38, 200 

OetolH^r 3, <HX) 

November 2, 740 

De<'ember 1 , 330 



550 

510 

370 

305 

285 

305 

380 

, 250 

,440 

, 080 

SI 5 

780 



-. I 



11, 
1, 



The year. 



38, 200 



285 



(><>3 
542 
4.35 
611 
544 
745 

672 
\iSO 
948 
UK) 
917 

,449 



Total in 
arrc-feel. 



40, 760 

30,08« 

26,717 

.36, 8()7 

:i,3, 4.M 

44,301 

305, 216 

;U8, 7:^ 

664, {M6 

119,782 

70, 800 

56, 37C 

1,776,63^ 



RIO GBANDE DBAINAGE BASIN. 



175 



BIO GBANDE BELOW PBESIDIO, TEX. 

IS station was established April 8, 1900, by the International 
er) Boundary Commission. It is 6 miles below Presidio, also 
r the mouth of Conchos River, and about 215 miles below El Paso, 
at the western end of the canyon section of the Rio Grande, 
lischarge at this station, minus the discharge at the station at)ove 
die, Tex. , gives the discharge of the Conchos, except at rare inter- 
»rhen some rain water enters the Rio Grande from the north. 



Di9charge mea9uremenU of the Rio Grande helmv IWsidiOy Tex. « 
[Made by 8. D. Church and J. P. Hague.] 



Date. 

1902. 
3 

6 

10 ... . 
12.... 
14... 

17 

19.... 
21 ... . 
24 ... . 
26.... 
28.... 



11 . 
14. 
16. 
18. 
21. 
23. 
25. 



2. 



he^ht. 


Discharge. 


Feel. 


Second-feet. 


4.2 


98 


4.2 


85 


4.1 


77 


4.0 


58 


3.9 


52 


3.9 


51 


3.9 


48 


3.8 


41 


3.8 


35 


3.7 


30 


3.7 


32 


3.7 


32 


3.7 


32 


3.7 


29 


3.6 


26 


3.6 


25 


3.6 


22 


3.6 


23 


3.6 


22 


1 3.5 


20 


3.5 


21 


3.5 


20 


3.4 


13 


1 3.4 


12 


' 3.4 


11 


3.4 


10 


3.5 


8 


3.9 


7 


6.85 


405 



Date. 



height. 



1902. Feet. 

June 11 4. 

June 13 5.2 

June 16 4.7 

June 20 4.5 

July 2 8.55 

July 4 5.0 

July 7 7.3 

July 9 8.9 

July 14 8.05 

July 16 8.2 

July 18 7.65 

July 21 I 9.4 

July 22 1 11.0 

July 24 ; 12.15 

July 26 12.2 

July 28 ' 11.4 

i July m 9.6 

I August 1 8.9 

I AugUHt4 7.6 

I August 6 8.8 

i Augut?t8 7. 7 

; August 10 8.3 

I AugU8tl2 10.8 

I August 14 10.2 

I AugU8tl6 10.25 

! AugustlS 9.75 

I August 20 9.85 

j AugU8t22 9.8 

' August24 ! 11.3 



DiKchargc. 

Second-feet. 

26 

74 

30 

15 

2,275 

170 

517 

3,086 

2,156 

2,265 

1,473 

4,883 

9,539 

13, 706 

14,352 

10,579 

5, 313 

3,601 

1,854 

1,909 

1,528 

1,794 

7,o:^ 

5,999 
6,082 
4,971 
5,426 
5,416 
8,831 



m^asareiiiQntN for January and February, 1902. Daily flow computed from gage record. 



176 8TSEAK MEA8UBXMENTR IN 1902, PART III. [? 

DUeharffe meaturemeniB of the Rio Qrande below Presidio, Tex, — Continued. 



Dftte. 



19Q2. 

Ai]gOBt26 

AogurtSS 

AugOBtdO 

Stpteoaiber 1 .. 
8optemb6r 4 .. 
SeptomlNHrS.. 
8eptemlNHr9.. 
SeptemlNHr 11 . 
SopteBoiber 15 . 
Sflptember 17 . 
Sflptember 19 . 
Septembor 20 . 
Sflptember 22 . 
September 24 . 
Septembor 25 . 
Septembers?. 
September 29. 

October 1 

Octobers 

October 6 

Octobers 

October 10 

October 13. . . . 
October 15.... 
October 17.... 



Oaga 
&elght. 



helg] 



FbeL 

lao 

11.4 

11.45 

10.15 

12.85 

16.75 

18.7 

12.5 

10.5 

8.3 

8.2 

7.7 

7.5 

7.5 

7.5 

7.8 

7.15 

7.1 

6.85 

6.65 

7.6 

7.2 

6.8 

6.6 

6.4 



Diflchaige. 



Seeondr/eeL 

5,776 

10,361 

10,522 

5,781 

15,932 

32,962 

23,771 

17,686 

7,169 

3,669 

3,396 

2,652 

2,125 

2,125 

2,157 

1,9^ 

1,742 

1,617 

1,438 

1,245 

2,230 

1,963 

1,758 

1,080 

1,010 



D«te. 



1902. 
October'20. . . 
October 23... 
October 25... 
October 27... 
October 30... 
November 1.. 
November 4.. 
November?.. 
November 10. 
November 13. 
November 16. 
November 19. 
November 22. 
November 25. 
November 28. 
December 1.. 
December 6. . 
December 9.. 
December 12. 
December 15. 
Deceml>er 18. 
Deceml)er 21 . 
Deceml>er 24. 
December 27 . 
December J^O. 



Feel. 
6.2 
6.05 
6.0 
5.8 
6.05 
5.7 
5.65 
5.4 
5.4 
5.2 
5.15 
5.1 
5.05 
5.0 
5.0 
6.5 
5.4 
5.2 
5.2 
5.35 
5.3 
5. 25 
5.a5 
5.a5 
5.05 



DiMch) 



Daily gage height, hi feet, of the Rio Grande hehjir /V<y»»rf<V), Tea: 



Day. 


Jftfi. 


1902. 
1 , 


^CU 


2 


i.&h 



Feb. Mar. Apr. ; May. I June.! July 



8.. 

4.. 

6.. 

6.. 

7.. 

8., 

9., 
10. 
11.. 
12.. 
18. 



4. BO 
4.90 
A. 40 



5.15 
; 5.10 

kit 



4. HO 
4.75 
4.65 
4.60 
4.60 
4.60 
4.70 
4.65 

4.45 

4.40 

40 

!.» 



4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.20 
4.15 
4. 
IJQ 
iJu 
4.00 
&» 



3.70 
8.70 '■ 
3.70 I 
3.70 
3.70 
3.70 
3. 70 
3.70 
3.60 
3.60 I 
3.60 I 
3.60 
3.60 i 
8.60 I 



3.45 
8.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
4.35 



3.90 
3.90 

3.90 ; 

3.90 I 

8.90 

3.90 

3.90 

5.60 

7.40 

5.30 

4.70 

4.70 

5.20 

5.10 



4.75 
8.15 
5.50 
5.00 
5.00 
6.60 
7.45 
H.40 
9.10 
11.60 
12.20 
10.30 
9.15 
8.05 



Auk. ! St'pt Oct. Nov. 



r 



8.70 
8.20 
7.90 
7.65 
7.70 
8.45 
7. .V> 
7.70 
7.50 
8.40 
11.50 
11.40 
10.40 
10.30 i 



10.60 
10.20 
11.10 
12.85 
14. '25 
16.50 
17.95 
16.65 
14.00 
12.90 
12.65 
12.45 
12. 15 
11. (» 



7.10 . 5.80 ■ 
8.15 ; 6.65 I 
6.S5 I 7. '25 
6.80 5. HO I 



6.80 
6.65 
7.45 
7.65 
7.45 
7.25 
7.10 



5. 65 

.5.50 

5. 45 

5.40 

; 5.40 

' 5.40 

. 5.30 



6.90 I 5.30 
6.80 I 5.15 
6,70 I 5.20 



I niiLL.1 



BIO GRANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



177 



IhtiUf gage height^ infeety of the Hio (irande Itelow l^emlio^ Trx. — ContiinuHl. 

JnttcJ July. Aug. Si'pt. j <)<-t. I Nov. I 



DiT. 



Jftn. 



fi.00 
4.i0 
4.80 
: 4.90 
I 5.15 
I 5.15 
; 5.00 
I 5.00 
; 4.90 
j 4.80 
I 5. 10 
i 5.30 
I 5.30 
' 5.20 
' 5.15 
' 6.00 
' 4.90 



4,30 

4,30 

4.30 
4.30 

A,m 

4.25 
4.30 
4. 2D 
4.20 
4,^ 
4.20 
4.20 



W^t. 



.1.90 

s.eo 

ft. 90 

a. 90 

3,90 
3.90 

3.«0 

a. so 

3.70 
3.?0 
3. TO 
3.70 



Apr. 


umr. 


%.m 


xm 


3.60 


3.00 


%.m 


».40 


%.m 


3.fl0 


t.m 


3.50 


xm 


a.fio 


3.50 


3.&0 


S,M 


3.50 


3.00 


3.^ 


3.50 


3.50 


S.50 


h.m 


3.50 


4.00 


3.50 


3.90 


a. SO 


».«» 


3.50 


3.90 


3.50 


3.0O 




S.90 



4.J*5 

4.70 

4.^ 

4M 

1.55 

4.00 

4.4» 

4.40 

4.40 I 

4.40 ' 

4.40 

4,40 

4.40 

4.40 

4.30 

4.30 



7.70 
8.20 
7.80 
7.65 
7.40 
9.80 
9.40 
12.25 
12.fi0 
12. 10 
12.10 
12.75 
12.00 
11.50 
10.50 



9.f0 I 
8.95 j 



10.10 
10.20 
9.70 
9.90 
9.90 
9.85 
10.00 
9.95 
10.80 
11.40 
11.40 
10.20 
10.80 
11.50 
11.55 
11.40 
11.30 



9.90 


8.30 


9.90 


8.15 


9.85 


7.75 


10.00 


7.60 


9.95 


7.50 


10.80 


7.60 


11.40 


7.50 


11.40 


7. 45 



10.55 
9.35 
8.50 
30 
15 
75 
60 
50 
60 
50 
45 
7.50 
7.35 
7.25 
7. 15 
7.10 



6.60 I 
6.50 j 

r..40 j 

6.30 I 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 I 
6.10 I 
6.05 ' 
6.00 . 
6.00 
I 5.90 
' 5.80 
I 5.80 
I 5.80 
I 6.00 
5.R5 



5.20 
5. 15 
5.10 
5. 10 I 
5.10, 
5. 10 

5. 10 ; 
5.a5 1 

5.00 I 
5.00 I 
5.00 I 
5.00 i 
5.00 I 
5.00 ; 
5.00 I 

5.00 ' 

I 



I>w. 



5.35 
5,40 
5.30 
5.90 
5.30 
5.20 
5.25 
5.10 
5.10 
5.05 
5.05 
5.05 
5.05 
5.05 
5.05 
5.06 
5.00 



Etiimaied monthly discharge of the Rio (irmuh' helow Prexidiity Tc.i 



Month. 



1902. 
Jaouan' 

Februan' 

Mari'h 

April 

May 

June 

July 

AogUHt 

September 

OctolxT 

November 

December 

The year 



Mnximuni. 



Diwharjff in wc<ni<l-ft'ot. 

Minimum. ' Mean. 



' Tutnl in M<Te- 
fiet. 



:i50 

220 
100 
80 j 

025 

17,100 I 

10,900 i 

45,0(X) i 

:J,320 ! 

2,000 j 

1,070 



45, (XK) 



220 




259 




100 




141 




:^o 




59 




20 




24 




10 




11 




10 




48 




40 


5 


918 




i,;500 


'' 


702 




1,6H0 


10 


755 




720 


1 


:m 




415 




590 




:i80 




493 




10 


2 


109 





15,907 

7,8:i5 

:5, (ilO 

1,448 

074 

2, 8()6 

' ,ms,888 

:550, 618 

♦>:?9, 947 

80,212 

35, 098 

30,317 

1,532,420 



RIO GRANDE ABOVE PKESIDK), TK.\. 

This station wa.s establi.shod April 4, 1JM)U, hy the International 
(^Vater) Boundary Commission. It is 7 miles uhove Presidio and 
above the mouth of Conchos RivcM*, one of the prineii)al tributaries of 
the Rio Grande, and is about 2()() mih\s below El Pa.so. Its location 
is far enough above the mouth of Conchos River to be free from the 
effe<;ts of backwater from that stream. 
IBR 84—03 Ji^ 



178 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART HI. 



IN< 



Discharge meamrements of the Rio Grande above PresidiOy jT&t.** 
[Made hy J. P. Hague.] 



Date. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


1 

Date. 

1 


Gage 
height. 


Dischai 


1902. 
July 5 


1.4 
4.0 
4.1 
2.55 
1.95 
1.55 
7.3 
5.6 
2.15 
1.75 
.9 


Second-feet. 

53 

857 

943 

289 

143 

61 

2,683 

1,326 

193 

62 

14 


1902. 
1 August 11 


Fni. 
5.5 
2.65 
2.4 
2.0 
3.45 
2.1 
2.0 

.7 
1.5 
1.0 

.8 


1 


July 10 


August 13 




July 12 


August 15 




July 15 


September 2 

September 5 

September 8 

' September 10 

October 12 




July 17 




July 19 




July 23 




July 25 




July 29 


j Novembers 

1 Novembers ' 

1 Novembers 




July 31 




August 2 









(I No raea.MurcmontM made at thiH station during January, February, and Decemljer, 19Q2. 
Daily flow computed from gage record. River was dry during May and June, 1902. 

Daily gage height j in feet ^ of the Rio Grande above Presidio^ Tew. 



Day. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


yUiT. A|ir May. 


June, 


Jul)*. Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct 


j NOV. , 


1902. 
1 


1.20 
1.20 
1.10 
1.00 
1.10 

i.r.o 
i.:.<» 
l..'.o 
1.10 
1.10 
1.40 
1,40 

l.m 

1,20 
LID 
1,:MJ 
I, so 

L.'iO 
1.40 
1.4D 
1.3U 
!.:» 
].»> 

l.CO 
l.QO 
l.W 
1.40 


1.30 
1.:jo 
1.25 








1.60 


3 55 




90 j 


2 . 






ll,0& 


95 


3.55 i 

4.85 1 

4.a5 ' 

3 40 1 A.S 


3 55 


3 




\.>n" 


0.76 1 

1 40 


1 75 


5 


1 1 ■ 

^•-^ , ' 

1 20 ' 


i 1.20 . 

1 00 1 


C 


1.30 
1. U» 
1. lU 
1 30 


1,11 


4.35 


0.75 


90 




i 1 1 1 


3. (-.5 
2. 15 
2.00 
1.90 
O.sO 


i 
1 05 . 


8 

9 


' ' 0. 5,^ 




0. S> . 
'^5 


10 


l.-Jo 1 1 1 


4.05 1.20 
r.. 45 5. 50 




11 


I.JO 
1 10 


1 i 1 


1. 


12 


1 , 1 


3 W 


5.20 




ft r^ 


1 


13 


0,9U 
0.70 




.7. 


'> .V) 1 


' 


11 . . 




2, HO 3. 10 
2.Ij5 I 2.20 


1 


1 


If) ,, 


1 1 


1 


1 


16 




2.15 1.15 1 1 

hm ' 1 

1 

i,riO 1 

LnO ' - 


'. 


17 


t ' [ 


1 


IS 






19 






1 


20 

21 


„_ 




3 20 
."i 25 


1 1 

1 1 


1 


<>•) 






4 K(> 


1 


23 




1 


7 m 


1 1 


1 


24 




1 , 


Tp rvT 




25 . 




1 


fi. 7(} 









2«) 




i 


1 


1 


27 




! 


1 


2H _ 




1 1 


2.a> 


, 




2".> 




i 1 ' 






30 




1 




1 


31 




1 .. . 


1,7^1 : 










1 : 1 






1 


" On da 


ys for 




^«re arc no gage 


beigh 


is the \ 


nvcr \ 


•fts dr 


V, 





imLL] MO GRANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 179 

EtHmaUd monthly discharge of the Rio Grtinde River aftove I^reMdiOj Te.r. 

Dificharge in second-feet. 

Mean. 



Month. 



1902. 



Jaoiuuy .. 
f ebniary . 
Mtrch... 

April 

May 

June 

July 



September. 
Odober.... 
November , 
December . 



The year 



Maximum. 



130 

70 







60 

2,740 

1,250 

1,080 

70 

670 

240 



2,740 



Minimum. 



40 














29 







3 

568 

102 

205 

3 

28 

S 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



85 



4,741 

1,607 







159 

34, 929 

6,288 

12, 198 

198 

1,676 

496 

62,292 



RIO GRANDE NEAR FORT HANCOCK, TEX. 

This station was established by the International (Water) Boundary 
Commission March 27, 1900. It is 1^ miles southeast of Fort Han- 
cock, on the Southern Pacific Railway, in the El Paso Valley, and is 
about 55 miles below El Paso. 

Discharge mectsuremenis of the Rio Grande near Fori Jlancockf r<'.f.<' 
[Made by A. L. Wilcox and F. W. Carpenter.] 



Date. 



1902. 

July 21 

•^Uly23 

Jtily24 

4ngust 30 . . . 
^ptember 1 . 



height. 

Fed. 
2.5 
3.0 
2.4 
6.3 
7.0 



Dischaixe. 



Second-feet. 

6 

18 

5 

808 

i,o:m 



Date. 

1902. 

September 4 

September 6 

September 9 

I September 12 | 2. 1 



Gage 
height. 



Disi'hnrge. 



Ootolx»r ' 



Fed. Scamd-fed. 

4.5 j 249 

3.4 I 81 

3. 2 i 72 

8 

16 



I 



2.5 



« No measiireraenta made at this Btation during months of January and February. 

Daily flow computed from gage heights. 

River was dry during March, April, May, and June, 1902. 

No Dicasurementa were made at this station during Novemlnn and Decendn'r, 19(L». River wawdry. 



180 



STREAM WLEA8UBEMENT8 IN 1902, PART III. [NaSt 

Jkiiitf (jiuje lu'igfUj in feety of tfui Rut Gmiule iwnr Fort Hancock, Tex. " 



I)a> 


1 Jan. Feb. j Mar. Apr. 


1 1 1 
May. June. July. Aug. J^cpt. Oct. Nov. Dtc. 

1 1 '.1 


1902 
1 


4.S0 P Mi ; 1 


1 
' 0.90 


3.35 
3. 05 
2.70 






2 


4 90 ~k "iti ' 


1 .% j<5 






3 


'ft! 00 1.;, -.J ' 


1 1 

5 20 




4. 


' 5.10 i -'* :<ti ' ..! 


' 4 00 






5 


1 5. 10 .'* lu 1 1 -. .. 


' ; ' ' 4.00 ' 3.90 

: . .. ' . .. 3.35 'J* <« 






6 


5.10 ;» :ni i ; 







7 


5.20 ■* ;n> 1 


3.30 


2.35 
2.00 






8 


' 6.30 -V. ill ' 


' 1 i '3.'i0 




9 


' 5.30 -% Hk ' ...' 


1 ' ' 3.15 






10 


5 40 5 20 1 


1 • 1 ' •> 75 . 




11 


5 50 5 •'0 ! 


i:::;::::?::::::.::::::!^:; 

2.10 

' 4.30 ' '2.00 






12 


, '^ '-^ 1 1 

5.50 5 20 








13 


S.fiO 5.30 ' ' 









14 


' 5.70 5.30 ' .' 


1 






15 


5.70 5 30 1 ' 


1 






16 


5.H0 5.20 • 


; 1 




1 


17 


5.«0 4.95 • ' 


1 , 1 




1 


18 .. 


5.70 4 75 


1 1 




1 


19 


5 70 1 .i.^ 1 


1 2.45 




1 


20 


5.50 l.:i^^ I 

5.W 1 LKI ' 


' 1 5.40 ' 2.40 

I 2.15 ' 1 2.10 

- 4 40 ' 




i 


21 




1 


22 


5.75 3 75 ' 




1 


23 


5.J<0 i ' 


1 ' 3".50 




1 


24 


5.70 . 1 . . 


.. 1 '240 '..J 






25. . . . 


5.«i0 ' .. .. 




1 


26 


5. 1*0 . . . . ' 


' 1 


1 1 


'*7 


.-..CO ' 


:? JO 


1 1 


28 


h.m ' ' 


■* (iO , 


1 


20 


:..W ! 


I5.15 ^ 


30 


r,m' 1 


:>.oo 1 J. 05 


! 


31. 


'». 10 . 


-T.:;.,, 




1 i 


1 



fiOii tin- days f<»r which no k"K»' heights arc j^ivcn \hv river was <lry. 
Kstiinftttfi iiiontlili/ (ri.'<rln!rtjt' of fhr Jiio (h'dmh nenr Fort llnuntck, T»x. 

I I)is<'h»iru«' in siM-ond-fcct. j 

I I 

Muxiinuni. Minintuni. , Mean 



Month.' 



1<»0L>. 



Jaiumry 

FeV)riiarv 

July 

Auj^ust .'{() ami .SI . 

Sej)t<'in)K'r 

OctolHT 



I 



Tiftjil in jirre- 
fcvt. 



1(U) 


40 


120 





4r>o 





1,0m) 





1,(XK) 





lfv5 






112 
57 
2H 
47 

122 
17 



Tlu' 



1,01H) 



S, 154 
1,587 
2,9U) 
7, 240 
l,(^n 

22, 841 



<i For the monthn for wliich nt> rn,'un's an* given tlie river was dry. 



XtVXLL.] 



RIO OBANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



RIO GRANDE NEAR EL PASO, TEX. 



181 



This station was located at the pumping house of the smelter com- 
pany, 3 miles north of El Paso, Tex. The bed of the stream here is 
composed of mud, constantly shifting and changing. May 1, 1897, the 
station was placed under the charge of W. W. Follett, consulting 
engineer. International (Water) Boundary Commission, and l)y him 
removed 1 mile farther up the river to Courchesne's limekiln. The 
river heights were measured at the mjisonr}' pump foundation pier, 
15<» feet al)ove the kiln. The top of the downstream chisel dnift on 
this pier was assumed to be at a gage height of 15.0 feet, and the dis- 
tance of the surface of the water l)elow it was measured with a can»- 
fully graduated rod. This pier was torn down in OctolnM*, ll)(>2, and 
an inclined wooden gage established some 6o feet upstream. This is a 
2 by 4 bolted to IJ-inch steel liars set with cement in holes drilled in solid 
rock. The gi-aduations are notches cut in the scantling. The R. M. is a 
ono-half-inch iron bolt set in solid rock at the head of the gage. Its top 
is 13.00 feet above gage datum. The left bank of the river is formed 
bv the loose rock fill of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad 
embankment, and will not overflow. The right bank, however, is not so 
good, being made ground and subject to overflow. The bottom of the 
river here has also proven unstable, scouring on a rise and filling on a 
falling river. It is probably the l)est site for a station in the vicinit}^ 
of El Paso, however, as the entire river bed is (constantly shifting for 
many miles above and below. On account of this shifting character 
of the streain, the only accurate method of estimating the daily dis- 
charges is by taking a large number of mea^surements, which was done 
in 11K)2 by T. M. Courchesne, J. P. Hague, A. L. Wilcox, F. W. 
Car|)enter, and L 11. Iluggett. 



THitcharge meagiirernentn of Uw Jilo (IniinJe near FJ Paso, Tc.v. '* 
(Madfby T. M. CourcheMne, Jan. P. Hiiguo, A. L. Wilcox, and F. W. CuriK'nttT, ami I. II. Huggett.] 



1902. 
January :% . . 
Fel)niary 1 .. 



Gage 
height. 



6.S 
6.4 



April 18 1 6. 

April21 

April 22 

April 24 

April 26 

April 28 



7.0 
6.6 
6.6 
7.:5 
7.3 
April30 \ 6.3 



Disfharg*'. 

Sevimd'fnt. 
145 

ia5 

262 
301 
195 
200 
465 
441 
145 



Date. 



(J ago 
liright. 



I 



1902. /;./. 

May 2 5. sr> 

May 5 ! 5.4 

May 7 1 5.2 

June 3 (). 05 

June 4 ?> I 5. 4 

August 27 1 9.0 

August 28 ; 6.3 

August 29 ' 9.8 

August 31 ; 9.0 



I)i.s<;liargo. 
Sfvond/rtt. 

(i4 

19 

5 

VM 

17 

1,578 

937 

2, a50 

1,190 



a No measurement for March. Water too shallow. 

* River dry the remainder of month, throughout July, and until AuguRt 27. 



182 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[^o.HL 



Discharge mtittmrnnnih of Dw Rio (irande near Kl Pam^ 7V.r.-— C<»ntiiiiie«l. 



Date. 



1902. 
Septeml)er 2 . 
Septeinl)er 5 . 
hJeptemlier 8 . 
•September 10 
September 13 
September 27 
Septemljer 28 
September 30 

October 2 

October 3 



hoight. 



Dlwhanf*'. 



fWt. 


Srcoml/fri. 


7.5 


646 


ft. 2 


160 


5. ft 


73 


5.4 


23 


5.1 


5 


7.9 


65;^ 


7.1 


369 


ft. 4 


171 


ft.O 


101 


5.9 


85 



Datt*. 



1902. 
Octolier4... 
OctoWr ft. . . 
Octol)er8... 
Octol)erlO.. 
October 15.. 
Octolier 17.. 
Deceml>er 22 
December 24 
December 2ft 
Decemlx»r 29 



<iaKf 
height. 



Ftrt. 
5. ft 
5. 5 
5. :i5 
5.3 
4.9 
4.a5 
5.9 
5. ft 
5.2 
4.7 



I>iM'haixe. 

SfTftntl-M. 

52 

47 

37 

29 

8 

4 

117 

80 

34 

4 



1 



N<» measuremenUi for November. 



Daily gage height^ in feet ^ of the llio (rrande near Kl Paso^ Ter,» 





IWJ. 


Jan. 


Fi-b. 


M^r. 


4.W 
4,DD 

4.90 

I.MI 

4.tt(J 
l.iW 
iM 
1 wk 

i.w) 

4.90 
I.WI 
4.'HJ 
4. 'HI 
4.9(1 
4. '.HI 
«'.. H» 
•".. 91» 
«i. «HI 
<■.. '.».") 
Ti. «V» 
«i. ai 
r.. .V) 
r.. so 
7.:m) 

7. '.0 
7. "J-"* 

<;. 70 
r..:i(i 




Jlinfr. 


July. 


Atift. 


wviir. 


«J.15 

fi.Otl 

r., »r. 

f.. ;ni 
^ iri 
a. lu 

.\4*i 

fMtU 

:». :*.o 

.'». 20 

'» 1 "> 


X.n-. 


l>i^. 


l.„.- 


\ 

-«.:» 

\\.m 


1140 
ft. 411 

rP.lHI 

i; 14) 

h. IHI 

r>.(N) 

(>. (K) 

«;. (K) 

••,.-2it 

1'.. :ui 
(■». 'j'» 
(i. in) 
•;. •_•() 

C. 21) 

«;. i(» 
'». •>.'! 

r>. :a\ 

f). (I,". 
*».(«» 


4. BO 
J. Ill 
AMI 

4.'.iti 
4.^11 


MO 

rt.JO 
f^ Oil 


y_ 


r^ao 












4..,.. 


L.,„. 


fi.3» 


Ti 




.'l ItO 


li. .. 






Alii 






7 


...... 








Ill 




. ... <i.'Si 

t.. ;ai 









... 10 


]] 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
4 
1 
4 
I 
4 
I 
4 
4 
4 
4 
I 
I 
1 
1 
1 


«H» 
•HI 
\K) 
•.HI 
'.K» 
'.H) 
IH) 
'.•(» 

'.HI 
\»() 

'.«) 
'.H) 
•.K) 
•K) 
".H> 
'.Ml 
'.HI 




■-..0.-. 





r» 10 


V 




('• :u) 


•'1", 

i 


i;t 




' (*• :m.i 


I 7'> 


] 1 
















1.70 
4.70 


!.'> 














4.'.t.-. 
4.'.HJ 
4.'.H^) 
1.90 




K. 




«;.:u) 

] C.Itt) 


17 


1 

1 






IS 




1 (;.:«» 

1 

{^.'M^ 




19 












'2\) 




' {\.'M 

t\.'M\ 


' 














21 














r. :w 






r.. :«» 


1 












.'» «Ji) 


.,.. 














f> (^^ 


21 




(;.:«) 


1 












r> !.'> 


'jr.. . . 




.... r..:;() 

r..:i() 

....' r..:u.» 
.... (•..:{(» 


i 






7 ('i(i 





.'>. :;o 
T). :^i 
.'i. ;ui 

:.. ;!o 


:• i.'> 


•>- 


1 






7. nT) 
7. lU 
(".. .V) 

r.. :c> 


r.. iv. 
i.^r. 
1 ~"> 


'is 

'*y 


1 




•t Ml 


:i(» 




' ('* :m> 






•.». Ill 

9.(>-'» 


4.70 
4. 70 


:n 




.... (•..:«> 







'« on the ilavH fur wliich im k»»K«* h«'i>rht.K arr j^'ivt'ii th«' rivrr was 



Irv. 



[ntiLL] 



BIO OBAND£ DBAINAGB BASIN. 



183 



Edimated monthly discharge of the Rio Grande near El PaWj Tex. 
[Drainage area, 90,000 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 
Janoary 

Febnian* 

Mtrch.* 

April 

3fay 

June 

July 

Attf^ 

Septemlier 

October 

Sovember . . . . . 
I>eceml)er 

The year 



DIschanre in second-feet. 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


140 


130 


135 


160 


30 


104 


20 


10 


10 


540 


10 


133 


75 





9 


135 





5 


10 








2,140 





236 


860 





156 


115 





• 23 


30 





5 


115 





29 


2,140 





70 



Run-off. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



8,291 
5, 772 

635 
7,904 

526 

307 

20 

14,499 

9,313 

1,428 

298 
1, 775 

50, 768 



Second-feet 

per square 

mile. 



0.0045 
.0035 
.0003 
.0(H4 
.0003 
.0002 
.0000 
.0079 
.0052 
.0008 
.0002 
.0010 

.0024 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.0052 
.0036 
.0003 
.0049 
.0003 
.0002 
.0000 
.0091 
.0058 
.0009 
.0002 
.0012 



. 0317 



RIO GRANDE NEAR SAN MARCIAL, N. MEX. 

This station in located about one-half mile south of San Marcial, N. 
Mex., at the bridge of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. 
The original gage was established by Arthur P. Davis on January 29, 
1895. The observer was Bert Haiseth, San Marcial, N. Mex. , whose 
house is about one-half mile distant. The gage was of hard pine tim- 
ber, 9 by 5 inches by 25 feet, anchored and bolted to the east oiid of 
the second pier from the south. It was inclined and painted white. 
The distance }>etween the footmarks was 1.6 feet. The 13-foot mark 
was level with the extension of the pier, to whicli the gage was 
anchored. The 15-foot mark was level with the top of the capstone on 
which the bridge truss rests. Measurements were made from tlie same 
bridge. On August 8, 1889, a station was estay)lished near San Mar- 
cial, and a measurement was made which gave a discharge of 19 second- 
feet. Soon after this date, however, the river gage was destroyed 
and the locality was abandoned until 1895. 

In 1896 the inclined gage was carried away and a wire gage was put 
in its place. The wire gage is attached to the guard rail of the bridge, 
south span, lower side. Bench mark No. 1 is the top of the capstone 
on which the bridge truss rests, and is at an elevation of 15 feet above 
gage datum; bench mark No. 2 is the top of the extension of the pier 
to which the old vertical gage was fastened, and is at an elevation of 
13 feet above gage datum. The wire gage has been abandoned and 
the gage heights are now measured with a graduated rod from the 
deck of th bridge but using the old gage datum. The channel is 



184 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[so 



sandy and shifting. A number of bridge piers interfere with the c 
rent to a certain extent, but not with the observed gage heights. T 
sometimes affect the discharge measurements. 

Discharge meuxHremeikh of the Rio Grande near San Marciai^ X. Mca; 
[Made by \V. W. Sentman and J. R. Nisbet.] 



Date. 



190L>. 

January 1 

January H 

Januarys 

January 27... 
January 80... 
February l\ . . 
February 5 . . 
February 7 . . 
February 10 . 
February 12 . 
February 14 . 
February 17 . 
February 20 . 
Fel)ruary 22 . 
February 24 . 
Ft'l)ruary 2S . 

Mardi 4 

March (> 

March S 

March 10 

March 12.... 

Muivh h'» 

March 17.... 

Manli V.) 

Marcli 21 

March 27 

March 2^) 

March .'Jl 

April 2 

April 4 

Ai)ril 7 

April 



(Jajfc 
height. 



DiHcharge. 



I Fttt. I Sectmd-/ai. 



7.15 

7. a 

7.4 

7.8 

7.4 

7.4 

7.45 

7.0 

7.4 

7.4 

7.5 

7.4 

7.4 

7.4 

7.4 

7. :i 
/ . •> 
7.1 
(). «> 
{\. :> 
<>. s 
7. I 
7.0 
7. 1 
7.2 
7. 1 
7.0 
(>. 
0.4 
5.8 



April 12 8.1 

April 14 8.,'5 

April 10 8.3 

April 18 8.3 

April 22 8. 2 

a River dry the 



Date. 



Ga«e 
height. 

Frrt. 
8.3 
7.9 



Dir<ha 



1902. 

:i89 April 24 

348 April 26 

469 April 28 

238 April 30 

291 May 2 

383 May 8 

.425 May 10 

:m May 12 

340 May 14 

358 May 16 

266 I May 20 1 7.8 

296 I May 22 , 7.5 

279 I May 24 7.4 



7.9 
7. 7 
7.4 
7.5 
7.6 
7.7 
8.1 



2i>4 

298 

222 

21S 

19.-) 

17S 

157 

S4 

49 

SS 

i:;2 

S4 

ii:{ 

ii.i 

115 



May 26... 
May 28... 
May 29... 
May 31... 

JniicS 

.luiu'5 

.TniH' 7 

June 9 

Juiu' 12" . 
Autrust 12. 
Aiiirust 14. 
An^nist 10. 
Alienist IS. 
Aji<;iist27. 

Au^MlSt ol . 



99 I ScptcmlKT 2. 



09 

23 

2 

841 

1,275 

1,307 

1,157 

912 



7.1 

6. 6 
8.2 

7. 7 
7.4 
7.4 
7.2 
7. r 
0. 7 
7. 35 
(i. 9 
7. 5 
7. 25 
S. 25 
(). 
(i. 5 
5.4 
5.0 



Sci>t<'nil)cr 4 . 

SeptcmlHT 

Septein])cr 23 S. 4 

S<'i>tcinber 20 (>. 3 

September 2S 5.9 

()ct()]>er3 5.2 

C)ctol>erO 4.9 

October 9 5.0 

*^e month and dunng 3u\v. 



BIO GRANDE DBAINAGE BASIN. 



185 



ijprge mtasurements of the Rio Grande near San Marcial, y. Mex. — Contmue<l. 



Date. 



19Q2. 

12.... 

15.... 

30.... 

er2.. 

er4 .. 

er 7 .. 

erlO . 

erl3. 

«rl6. 

«r20. 

ier24. 

«r28. 



tlld^t. 


DischarKe. 


Feel, 


Second-feet. 


4.9 


14 


4.8 


7 


4.9 


12 


5.0 


13 


5.0 


18 


5.1 


17 


5.1 


18 


5.2 


31 


6.4 


202 


6.0 


117 


5.9 


122 


5.95 


158 



Date. 



height. 



DiMC'harge. 



1902. 
November 30 . 
December 3... 
December (>. . . 
December 9... 
December 14.. 
December 17.. 
December 20.. 
December 22.. 
December 25.. 
December 28.. 
December 31 . . 



Feet 


Srcond-feet. 


6.0 


156 


6.0 


104 


6.1 


134 


6.2 


142 


6.3 


151 


6.7 


244 


6.3 


80 


5.9 


60 


6.5 


289 


6.4 


258 


6. 25 


186 



\)aHy gage height^ xnfeetf of the Rio Grande near San MarnaJ^ N. Mej:.^ 



Uf. 


E 

Jttll. 


Tmh. 


Maj. 


Apr. 


Mar. 


Junf. 


....y. 


Aii#. 


HepL 
.40 


ixst. 


Kov. 


- 


IMS. 


7,2fi 
7.1* 
7.25 

7-te 

7.» 
7.30 
7.3D 

7.15 
7,06 
7.10 
7.10 
7,35 
7.-10 
7.<0 

v.» 

7.40 
7.10 
7.30 
7.115 
7.30 

7.ao 

7.35 
7.B6 
7.-40 
7.30 
7.-» 
7.35 
T.iO 
f.Sfi 
7.S5 


7M 
7.30 

7.35 
7.4G 
7.40 
7.60 
7.45 
7.65 
7.50 
7.fi0 
7.« 
7.4S 
7.35 
7.4* 
7.40 
7.60 
7.fiO 
7.55 
7.50 
7.45 
7.35 
7.*0 
?.« 
7.4-'i 
7.40 
7,40 
7.40 
7.40 


7.85 
7.60 
7.45 
T.S6 
T.Sft 
7.30 

7.ao 

7.30 
7.20 
7.W 
7,05 

e.go 
e.»o 
e.70 

d.fiO 
0.05 


7 1© 

7.00 
O.fl0 

fl.70 
0.55 
fi.lO 
C.20 
5.1*0 

H.JO 

ft. 115 
it, 35 
tl.-|0 


i.m 


7.50 






S,3fi 

5.70 
5.36 
5.06 
5.00 
4.90 
4,W 
5,16 
5J0 
5wOO 
4.95 
4.W 
4.» 
4.» 
4.!I0 
4§0 


5.00 

\00 
5.00 
5.00 

.voo 
.■s.oo 

5.10 
5,10 
5.10 
.-1.10 
5.10 
5.10 
5.20 

5,ao 

5. HO 

COTi 
II.OO 
<UM 
5.»=^ 

A.yo 

5.90 
5,R.-> 
5. HO 
li.70 
5.70 
5. HO 
G.O0 
6.00 


c^oo 




7.fi-5 . 7.40 

7.aa '. 7h3s 






ILOO 








0.00 




7.5S 7,40 
7.36 7.40 
7.45 7.80 






5. BO 




1 


115 

Ji.Q5 


5.70 









6,15 




7.4* 
7.« 
7.65 

7.50 


7.1» 
7.20 
7.15 
7.05 


fi.l5 











11. 15 










6.*i0 


— ' - 








6,90 




1 
7:fiO . 0.70 




7.00 
7.ftv 
7. HO 
K.BO 
7.SS 
7.25 
7.20 

6.55 




fl.n 




7.70 ' fi 5Ji 1 


6.3D 




7.70 

7,7f> 


1 


6.30 




.._. J 


G.50 




H.,w :..... J. 


6.00 




PJ.05 
7, WO 
7.80 
7.75 
7.05 


1 


6 7f> 




1 

7.10 H..W 
7.^ , H,W 
7. 20 M, ir» 
7,10 S.20 
0.»5 S.30 
fi,75 ».4ft 

(i.GO s.ao 

0.60 HAO 
«.(MV 7.90 
7/JO 190 
7.30 7. TO 
7.25 7.85 
7.2fi . 7.B6 
7.20 


1 






6.00 








6.40 












G 30 




Fi.95 




7.65 
7, -15 
7.33 
7.15 
7.00 
ft.S5 
It. 65 
a. 30 
S.S5 


' 1 




^30 
8.45 
7.S5 
a, 70 
0.25 
0.15 
5.00 

5.55 


4, SI 

4.80 

4.80 1 

4.80 

4.80 

4.90 

4.00 

4.90 


6.S5 




::::::':::::: 


7.25 
*.05 
11.10 
fl.4fi 
7.85 
7.4S 
7.40 
$.05 


6.46 

6.5j 




G.TH 









0.40 
6.45 


' ""' 






6.5(T 


..„ , 






6.70 
6.45 








6.40 













aTbere was no Sow on days for which no gage height a are gV\eiv. 



186 



STREAM MEAStlREMENTS IN 1902, PART III. 



[No.ai 



P^'iUiate.d monthlti discfuinje (tf the Rut (iraride near S(tn MarcUd^ X. Mew. 
[DraiiiiiKe htch, 'iH.Uti? .square inileM.] 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September... 

October 

November . . . 
December . . . 



DiHchaixe in »econd-feet. 



Maximum. | Minimum. | Mean. 



Run-off. 



I 
500 
480 
250 
l,d50 
1,710 
560 

aQ 1 

10,500 I 
2,460 I 

75, 
180 I 

350 

I. 

The year i 10,500 , 



300 
220 

50 


35 


«0 




15 

65 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



Se<?ond-feet 



mi\e. »°'^*»«- 



370 

314 

129 

674 

436 

108 
«0 

800 ! 

224 
13 i 
78 1 

184 I 



22, 731 
17, 435 

7,954 
40,106 
26, 787 

6,407 

«0 

49, 210 

13, 349 

823 

4,641 
11,286 



' 278 I 200, 729 



0.0132 I 
.0112 
.0046 
.0240 
.0155 , 
.0038 

flO I 
.0285 
.0080 I 
.0005 ' 
.0028 I 
.0066 

.0099 



0.01525 
.011^ 
.005:^ 
.026S 
.0179 
.0042 

.0329 
.0069 
.0006 
.0031 
.0076 



.1342 



'I River dry June 14 to AuKU.st 11, ineln.«ive. 



RIO GRANDE AT WATER TANK, NKAR RIO (JRANI)K, OR lUK^KMAX, N. MKX. 

Three miles ])elow Kmbudo th<» vWw einergcvs into Espanohi Valley, 
through which it continues foi- a few niil(\s and then enters Whito 
Rock Canyon, flowing through tiiat canyon for 80 miles. At the 
lower end of this canyon tlie river emerges into Albuquerque Valley, 
and HO continues down to ahout Socorro. This valley avemges from 
1 to 8 miles in width, and has been iriigated for a givat many 
years by the Mexican settlers. Their ])rimitive methods of irrigation 
are very wastc^ful of the waters, so that the duty of water in this sec- 
tion, about 17 acres per second-foot, is not as high as it might be. 
During the last few years, however, a number of important and 
modern irrigation systems have been planned and })uilt in the vicinity 
of Albuquerque. The gaging station, established Fe])ruary 8, 1S95, 
is located about one-fourth of a mile above Water Tank, a section on 
the Santa Fe Southern Railroad, below Espanola. It was established 
by Arthur P. Davis and P. K. Ilarroun on February 1, 18ih5. The 
observer is Thomas Dupre, s(»ction foreman, whose house is distant 
from the gaging station about one-fourth of a mile. The inclined 
portion of the gage is marked from 8.5 feet to hl(\ feet; the vertical 
portion from 10. r> feet to 10 feet. The inclined part of the gage is 
braced with wood and anchored with stones. The upper part is set in 



BIO GBAKDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



187 



ground^ leaning against a huge boulder, and is held in that posi- 
by wire, wel tighu^ned. The highest point of the boulder is 
ked with a bla^^k cross, and is 6.815 feet above the 11 -foot mark, 
^surement was made from gaging box suspended from cable placed 
«8 ]usst above the gage. The channel is sandy and shifting. 

Discharge meoKwremenls of the Rio Qrande near Rio Grande, N. Mex. 
[Mide by P. E. Harroun and O. B. Powell.] 



Date. 



1902. 

iry23 

iaryl2 

h 31 

3 

7 

10 

14 

17 

22 

25 

28 



L. 
2. 
6. 
9. 
S. 
VI. 
{0. 



leight. 



helgl 



5.0 

5.05 

5.3 

5.3 

6.7 

7.5 

7.9 

7.5 

7.6 

6.5 

6.6 

6.5 

6:6 

6.3 

6.7 

6.7 

6.1 

5.6 

5.2 

7.4 

6.6 

6.6 

5.8 

5.5 

5.0 

4.7 

4.3 

4.0 

3.8 

3.6 

3.5 

3.6 

3.8 



Discharge. | 

Serond-feet. 

484 

485 

518 

519 

1,243 

1,744 

2,252 

1,952 

2,190 

1,333 

1,403 

1,164 

1,271 

1,109 

1,267 

1,391 

895 

633 

516 

1,877 

1,561 

1,449 

857 

672 

421 

332 

180 

123 

85 

71 

62 

78 

125 



Date. 



1902. 



July 14 

July 17 

July 21 

July 24 

July 28 

July 31 

August 4 

August 7 

August 11 

August 14 

August 18 

August 21 

August 25 

August 28 

Septeiiil)er 1 . . 
September 4 . . 
September 8 . . 
Septeml^er 11 . 
Septeml)er 15 . 
September 18 . 
September 21 , 
Septemlier 25 . 
September 29 . 

October 2 

Octol)er6 

October 9 

October 13.... 
October 16.... 
October 20..., 
October 23.... 
October 27.... 
October 30.... 
November 3... 



Qage 
teignt. 



hel 



Diaehani:^. 



Feet. 


Secirtuifeet. 


3.8 


93 


3.8 


110 


5.0 


419 


5.0 


416 


4.3 


208 


4.0 


112 


4.2 


148 


4.7 


233 


6.15 


''2,009 


4.6 


241 


4.3 


172 


3.9 


106 


8.1 


2,853 


6.0 


848 


4.5 


232 


4.1 


150 


4.1 


139 


3.8 


85 


4.0 


117 


3.8 


122 


10.7 


6,592 


4.7 


309 


4.7 


250 


4.6 


255 


4.7 


325 


4.7 


276 


4.7 


265 


4.7 


294 


4.7 


276 


4.7 


268 


4.6 


266 


4.7 


285 


4.7 


282 



'( Abnormally large. 



188 8TBEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PABT III. [»«.« 

D'lKharge ineasuremenU of the Rio Grande near Rio Grande, N. Mex. —Continued. 



Date. 



1902. 
November 6.. 
November 10. 
November 13. 
November 17. 
November 21 . 
November 24. 
November 27. 
December 1 . . 



Gage 
height. 



Feet. 
4.7 
4.7 
5.0 
4.7 
4.7 
4.9 
4.6 
4.5 



Discharge. 

Second-feei. 
264 
261 

4as 

278 
295 
399 
273 
276 



Date. 


height. 


Dijtchaige. 


1902. 


Second-J^L^ 


1 December 4 


4.4 


2«»4 


1 Decembers 


4.8 


3»^ 


I December 11 


4.8 


3SX 


! December 15 


4.8 


as 


De<5ember 18 


4.4 


tM 


December 22 


4.6 


2«r 


I December 26 


4.7 


3S7 


December 29 


4.7 


M 



Daily gage heiglU, in feet, of the Rio Grande near Rio Grande, N. Mex. 



8. 

10, 

11. 
12. 
13, 
U. 

1&. 

le, 

17. 
IK. 

II, 

'JO. 

•11. 

n,. 
-n. 

34.. 

•a.. 
26.. 

27,. 

2».. 

30,. 
31.. 



D*t*. 



1902. 



Jan. 



6.00 

5.00 
fi.lO 
ft.lU 
5.10 
5.«j 

b.m 

5.10 
5,00 
ii.0U 
5.ori 
5.05 
5,0fi 

a 00 

5.15 
5.10 I 
5.10 
5. lU ' 
5.00 I 

5.00 I 

5.00 I 
4. 75 
-I.H) I 
4,«j 
5.00 



Feb. 



C95 

4.95 

4.% 
4,95 I 
4.S5 
5.05 
5.05 j 
5.05 
5,05 
5.05 I 

5.00 I 
5.00 ! 
5.00 , 
5.05 I 
5. 15 
5,10 
5. 15 
5.4fj 
5. 15 

5.:;o 

fi/JO 
5._'0 

b.^> 

5.35 
5.a.'i I 



Ai>r. 



^.15 
5.10 
5,10 
5.10 
.MO 
5.00 
5.00 

.■^.05 
."1.25 
5.5.^ 

.S.iO 
5.40 
ft. "25 
5,20 
5.20 
6.10 
&.4/. 
5,00 
5.50 
5.75 

5.40 
.■».a5 I 
5,40 
5.25 
5.a5 

5.;« 
5, :^i 



5,25 
5.^ 
5.50 
5. BO 
5.55 
6.05 

7,55 
7.TO 

N,05 

a 45 
a. 10 

7.9fj 
7.55 
7.15 
7,55 
7.5i'i 
7, Ci^ 
7,90 
7,«J 
7,50 
ti, 75 
5,00 
5. GO 

r, X, j 

5.50 
5. 45 I 
^,46 I 



May. 


Juno. 


«v4« 


6.70 


fi.40 


6.70 


0.40 


a.4fi 


6,.'iO 


G,15 


ti.fiO 


fl.00 


0,S5 


5.75 


fi.:te 


5.70 


G.40 


h.m 


6,»5 


5.45 


fi.55 


5. 15 


6.75 


5. Oft 


7,20 


4,95 


7.S5 


5.15 


fl.UO 


4.95 


Ci.a5 


4,75 


0,45 


4.05 


fl.lB 


4.50 


ti.JO 


4.;i5 


c.a) 


4.:«> 


a.or> 


4.15 


.5.iln 


4.10 


5.fC, 


4.00 


5.fiO 


».9ri 


■vao 


:i.90 


.5.25 


Si. 95 


5.20 


3.*i5 


7.W0 


3.75 


7,25 


:j,ftO 


7,05 


3.50 


6.65 


3.«0 


C, n5 





Jul^. 



3,55 

a,dO 
a. 55 

S.50 

3.50 
3.5^ 

a.5f* 

3. ,55 
3,90 



Aug, 



5,10 

4.!25 
4.10 

405 
5,50 
6.35 
4.70 
4. WO 
4.50 



4.75 4.25 
%M\ 5.90 

:t.7t> ! 5,;m 

3.80 4. 70 
:i.*i5 ' i.75 
,1, GO 4. TiO 
3,.V^ I 4,^ 
4,25 4.riO 
4.50 4.:io 
e;.i5 I 4.15 

5. ao , a, j» 

5, 45 4. 90 
4.35 I 5.55 
J, .Ml 0. 35 



4, 45 

1.45 

4. a'. 
4,au 

4,25 
4,15 

4.m 



7.W 
7.25 
0.15 
5. m 
' 5,15 
4.95 
4.70 



«ep4. 



4.45 
4,40 
4. SO 
4.10 
4.10 
3,116 
4.15 
4.15 
3.«5 
3.90 

3. NO 

3.90 
3.90 
ft. 96 
!!.*'» 
3.>^ 
3.90 
4.05 
G.20 
10. r^ 
-.i5 

5,»0 
4.90 

4. Ml 
4.75 
4.fl0 
4,00 
4.70 
4.65 



OtJt. Kor. 



4.S5 

4,00 
4.70 
4.70 

4, SO 
4,70 
4.70 
4.rift 
4.70 
4.7o 
4.70 
4.70 
J. 55 
4.05 
4.70 
4.70 
4.70 
4.7t^ 
4.00 
4.70 
4,70 
4,70 
4.70 
4,70 
4.00 
4.50 
4.<iO 
4.60 
4.65 
4.70 
4.70 



4.70 

4. TO 

4,70 

4.60 

4.iiS 

4.45 

4.70 

4.70 

4,70 

4.70 

4.50 

.1.05 

5.00 

5,0ft 

4.90 

4.f<» 

4.70 

1.70 

4.70 

4.70 

4,70 ' 

4,W) j 

4.)MI 

4.00 ' 

4,90 ■ 

4.70 i 

4.70 

4.5ri ; 

4.00 I 

4.00 

I 



iM 

Lm 
m 
i« 

4.1« 
iTO 
ITS 
4.13 
4.?5 
4.75 
4.7S 
4.75 
ISO 
4.9) 
i» 
4.4!5 
4,10 
4.45 

4. 1^5 
4,r»5 

4.f^'> 
4.7:. 

4, so 
4.M) 
4,90 
4.70 
4,*-.0 

4. no 



^J 



BIO GRANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



189 



EttinuU^'d monthly discharge of the Rio Grande near Rio Grandr^ N. Mex. 
[DniDAge area, 14,060 square miles.] 



Month. 



DUwhaige in secoDd-feet. 



Maximum. 



Minimum. 



1902. ' 

iimiar> 495 

llebnian' 540 i 

fludi i 735 I 

ipril ! 3,200 I 

Htj ; 2,230 I 

June ' 1,530 ; 

JbIv i 2,200 

lAupist I 2,300 

Sqitember | 6,460 

October | 345 

5ovember j 420 

December I 440 

The year | 6,460 



455 
475 
480 

510 ] 

520 ; 

70| 
60 i 

105 
86| 

255 1 

250 ; 

200 I 



Mean. 



60 



482 
489 
548 
1,640 
1,196 
474 
272 
556 
484 
279 
309 
313 



587 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



29,643 
27, 18;^ 
33,709 
97,577 
73,567 
28, 215 
16, 7'M 
M, 165 
28,790 
17, 157 
18,:i86 
19,220 



Secoiid-fei't 

per Huiiare 

mile. 



424,342 I 



IH'pth in 
IncheK. 



I 



0. (UU 

.o:i5 
.o:w 
.117 I 
.085 

.o:i4 

.019 
.040 
.034 
.020 
.022 
.022 



.042 



0.03?) 
.036 
.045 
. 131 
.098 

.(m 

.022 
.046 
.038 
.023 
.025 
.025 



.566 



RIO GRANDE AT EMBUDO, N. MKX. 

Enibudo is a railroad ntation on the Denver and Rio Grande Uiiil- 
road, in Rio Arriba County. The station is in a narrow canyon al)ove 
the head of the valley in which Espanola and other towns are loi*ated, 
and in which the river Chama joins the Rio Grande. In Novenil>er, 
1888, an examination was made along the main stream for the purpose 
of selecting a point at which the total discharge of the Rio Grande 
entering New Mexico could be ascertained. Coming from Colorado 
southward, this is the first point at which the milroad reaches the 
river, and for this reason it was finally determined to estay)lish a river 
station here. Measurements were begun at the rocky narrows, al)out 
a mile above the railroad station, but in the spring of 1880 the obser- 
vations were transferred to a point directly behind the railroad station, 
for convenience of the observer and consequent reduction of expense. 
The inclined gage, constructed at that time, is made of scantling, 4 by 
4 inches, spiked to posts set firmly in the ground. It is on the right 
hand side of the river, at a place where the slopes are very gentle, 
and therefore is of considerable length in order to reach out to the low- 
water channel. It is graduated from about 7.80 feet, the low-water 
mark, up to 16 feet. The point 8. 50 would correspond approximately 
to the deepest part of the .section. The gage is about 75 feet aliove 
the cable and is in three parts with different slopes. The cable is five- 



190 



STREAM MEASUBEMEKTS IN 1902, PART m. 



[HO.H 



eighths-inch wire, with 19 steel strands. It is fastened to a cedar tr 
on the left-hand side and to sand anchors on the right. Measurement^ 
were originally made from a boat held by traveling pulleys runnin^- 
on the cable. The boat being washed away by flood, later measar&^ 
ments were made from a box suspended from the cable. 

Bench mark No. 1 is on a rock near the end of the cable, on the left* 
hand bank, marked " B. M." with white paint It is 20.66 feet abor6 
zero of the gage. Bench mark No. 2 is on a rock about 100 feet abo?e 
the cable, on the left bank of the river, and is marked '"B. M." witt 
white paint. It is 18.79 feet above datum. Benchmark No. Si^a 
notch cut in the southeast corner of the station house, about 2 feet 
above the level of the platform, and is 30.48 feet above datum. 

Discharge measurementu of the Rio Grande at Emhudoj X. Mex. 
[Made by P. K. Harroun and O. B. Powell.] 



Date. 



1902. 
January 21 . . . 
February 10 . 

March 28 

April 9 

April 12 

April 15 

April IS 

April 2o 

April 2f> 

April 29 

May 3 

May 6 

May 9 

May i:; 

May IB 

May 20 

May 24 

May 27 

May \n 

June 4 

June? 

June 10 

Juiielo 

June 17 

June 21 

June 25 

June:2H 



Gage 
height. 



Feet. 
7.5 
7.6 

7.8 
8.2 

8.5 
8.4 
S.3 
8.4 
8.1 
8.1 
8.3 
8.5 
S.G 
8.8 
8.5 
8.3 
7.8 

s.il 

-1 

8.H 



8. 3 



.8 ! 



7.0 
H.9 
H.9 



Discharge. 

Sectmd-Scci. 
386 
422 
410 
631 
773 
771 

mi 

741 
(KM 
(i32 
715 
849 
900 
1,099 
Wl 
814 
471 
(311 
WO 
917 
()97 
450 
3(34 
240 
190 
179 
152 



Date. 



1902. 

Julyl 

July 4 

Jtily 8 

July 12 

July 15 

I July 19 

July 22 

' July 25 

|j July 29 

i August 1 

I AugUHt5 

Augusts 

' AugUHtl3 

August 1(> 

' August 19 

I August 23 

I August 2() 

I August 29 

I Septenil>er L' . . 
I Sei)tenil)er (> . . 

SepteniluT 9 . . 
' »S(*ptenilK'r 12 . 
I SeptenilHT 1(» . 

SeptenilHT 19 

ScptenilKT 23 . 
, Sej>t4:*nil)er 2(> . 
1 Septemln^r 30 . 



h^iTht. ' f"-""^ 



Feri. 

6.8 
6.8 
6.8 
6.8 
6.8 
6.9 
7.1 
6.8 
(). 9 
().8 
(>. 8 
7.2 
7.0 
(3.9 
(). 8 
7.0 
S. 2 
7.1 
7.0 
6.9 
6.9 
(3.9 
(>. 9 
(J. 9 
7.2 
7.1 
7.1 



Secondr/eeL 
147 
140 
137 
140 
144 
150 
192 
154 
164 

ir>8 

lo(> 
23() 

m 
u\ 

152 
17t) 
785 
227 
19S 
16(i 
IM 
1(37 
l(v5 
1(>9 
250 
223 
239 



-.] BIO GBANDE DBAINAQE BASIN. 191 

^)i«hargf meamtremenU of the Rio Grande at Embiuio^ N. Mejr. — CV)ntiniie(l. 



D»te. 



QtLge 
heiffbt. 



19Q2. 

t2 

;r6 

or 10 

Tl4 

Tl7 

t21 

t24 

!r28 

5r31 

iber4 

iber7 

iberll 

iberl4 



fbet. 
7.1 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 
7.2 



Discharge. 



Second'/eeL 
217 
217 
227 
238 
229 
228 
240 
230 
217 
218 
219 
226 
228 



Date. 

1902. 
November 18. 
November 21 . 
November 25. 
November 28. 
December 2. . 
December 5.. 
December 9.. 
December 12. 
December 16. 
December 20. 
December 23. 
Decemljer 27 . 
December 31 . 



height 



Ffti. 
7.1 
7.3 
7.3 
7.1 
7.2 
7.1 
7.2 
7.3 
7.3 
7.5 
7.3 
7.3 
7.2 



Diwrharge. 



ikrond-feet. 
225 
• 235 
247 
218 
252 
225 
246 
246 
244 
316 
268 
266 
249 



Daily gage height^ in feety of the Rio Grande at Embxulo^ N. Mex. 



IMF. 



imz. 



Jan. 



7,™ 

r.6ft 

7.70 
7.fl6 

I res 

7.66 
7.70 
IM 
7,70 
7.6ft 
7.4» 
7.fl& 
7.6ft 
7, eft 
7.66 
7,8ft 
7.60 
7.00 
7.70 

7.eo 

7.5fi 

rto 

T.UO 
7-00 
7,60 
7,50 
7.«0 



Feb. Mar, 



7.40 

7.7* 
7.50 
7.60 
7.55 
rftft 
7,60 
7.W 
7.W 
7.60 
7-flO 
7.flB 
7,70 
T.flO 



j 1.^ 

' 7.7fi 
I ^*'^'* 

7,8a 

I 7.70 

i 7.W 

7,8ft 

7.85 

K.UTj 

Km 



§.00 
7.90 

Km 
Km 

7.8S 
7.8ft 
7.S6 
7.85 
8.0ft 
8. 10 
K\h 
8.00 
7.90 
7.95 
7.90 
7. SO 
7. SO 
7.70 
8.00 
8.!!0 
8.10 
8.10 
8J)0 
7.9.5 

7. HO 
7.W 
7.!ft 
T.8& 
7.70 



Apr. 



7.70 
7.7ft 
7,80 

i.m 

7,80 
7.8fl 
7- BO 

8.21!^ 

aiui 

8. 56 
W.hO 
8,10 
8.40 
8.40 
i *^-^ 

I a.4o 
i s.«o 

j 8.50 
j ft. 45 

j H.3ft 
I H.25 
i MO 
' 8,10 

K\fy 

8.1* 
8.10 



Ma^. 



June, 



8,10 
8.20 
K^ 

Km 

8,40 
9. 4ft 

aw 

8, Tift 

8,7™ 

8,8a 

8.8(1 

a 7a 

8.6.S 
8,40 

8.35 1 
8.25 ' 
8.15 . 
8.05 ! 
7.W5 i 
7,80 '■ 
7.711 
7.75 
8.m , 
S.2U , 
ft, !t5 
8.55 I 
8.80 ', 



July. 



9,00 

a»5 

8,05 

ft. 55 

8.45 

8.25 

8,10 I 

7. !I0 j 

7,W . 

7,70 

7,00 

1.^ 

7.35 

7.25 

7.20 

7. Ifi 

7.10 

7.U5 

7,00 

7.00 

7,00 

7,00 

O.M 

fi.ao 

a. 110 
It. 90 

rf.80 

IV 80 



fi.80 

a.w 
d.lM) 
fl.ao 

0.80 
0.8* 
6.8* 
6,80 
It. SO 
6.80 

^,80 
0.80 
(t, HO 
«;.80 
d.80 
1^.00 
it. 00 

a, 9* 

7.35 

i.m 

7.0© 
6^H5 

i;.9* 

IL9* 
li.9* 
H.OO 
11.90 
6.90 
<1.80 



Aug. 



6.80 

7.30 
7, 40 
7.(10 
7.00 
7.30 
7.05 

a.*o 

7.65 
7,15 

7.00 

7.og 

tl.90 
7.05 

ft.a'i 

ft. NO 
6.8A 
T,m 
7. 15 
7. 1,"« 
T,liti 
8.25 
7 -(5 

10 
7.10 
7.flO 



i : 



»ept. 



7.00 
7.05 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
6.95 
6.90 
0,90 
a. 90 
C90 
f^90 
d.^ 

6.90 

6.90 

6.90 

6.90 

6.90 

6.95 

7.06 

8.75 

7.40 

7. 25 

7.15 

7.10 

10 

10 

10 

10 

10 



7.10 
7.10 
7.25 
7.20 
7.:M 
7.20 
7.20 
7,A» 
7.20 
7,20 
T.a» 
7,80 
7.20 
7.20 
7.'iO 
7.20 
7.20 
7.20 
7.20 
7,20 
7.20 
7.20 



l^ay. 



7.20 

7.30 

7/JO 

7.*J0 

7.20 

7.20 

7.20 

7,20 

7.20 

7.20 

7.25 

7,&0 

7.25 

7.25 

7.20 

7,20 

7.20 ■ 

7.10 ; 

7.15 ; 

7,ay| 

7.25 1 
7. 30 i 



Dvc. 



7.30 


7.30 


7.20 


7.35 


7.20 


7.25 


7.25 


7.10 


T.30 


7.10 


7.25 


7.10 


7.1» 


7.15 


7,^20 


7.ao 


7.20 





7.20 
7.20 
7.*J0 
7.16 
7.16 
7.20 
7.25 
7.25 

7.ao 

7.20 
7.20 
7.30 
7.30 
7.30 
7.30 
7,20 
7,^0 
7.120 
7.50 
7. SO 
7.40 
7.45 
7.35 
7.J5 
7.45 
7. Si 
7.35 
7,10 
7.35 
7.30 
7i30 



192 STREAM MEA8UBEMENT8 IN 1902, PART III. [mo. I 

Etiimaled moiUhhj discharge of the Rio Grande at Embudft, N. Mex. 
[Drainage area, 10^090 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February 

March... 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September... 

October 

Noveml)er . . . 
December ... 



The year. 



Discharge In second-feet. 



Maximum. 



1,360 



Minimum. 



460 


390 


585 


360 


630 


410 


800 


450 


1,100 


420 


1,360 


130 


280 


140 


820 


150 


1,050 


165 


260 


215 


310 


220 


315 


240 



130 



Mean. 



430 
462 
532 
661 
798 
440 
158 
246 
228 
231 
231 
264 



390 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



26,420 
25,676 
32,698 
39,a52 
49,061 
26,202 
9,719 
15,154 
13,587 
14, 182 
13,736 
16,245 



Run -off. 



Second-feet 

per square 

mile. 



282, a32 



0.043 
.046 
.053 
.066 
.079 
.044 
.016 
.024 
.023 
.023 
.023 
.026 



.a39 



Depth in 
inche*. 



0.06(^ 
.04» 
.06L 
.074 
.091 
.0»» 
.OlS 
.(X» 

.(m 

.027 
.026 
.090 



.528 



KIO (iliANDK NEAK (^KNICKKO, COLO. 

ThiH station was located on June 2S, ISJM>, by A. L. Fellows. It is at 
the State bridge across the Rio (irandc, at a ]X)int near the Coloiudo- 
New Mexico State line and about 4 miles west of Eastdale, Colo. 
The station is favorably located for the purpose, the cross section 
being fairly uniform, the channel regular and not lial)le to overflow. 

There are two gage rods, one for high water and the other for low 
water. The high-water rod is a 2 by (J inch timber attached to the west 
side of the central downstream cylinder of the bridge. The low -water 
rod is a scale, marked in feet and tenths, on the peipendicular face of a 
large bowlder about a hundred yards below the ])ridge. The channel 
is in most raspects an excellent one. The bed consists of bowlders and 
rock, and is subject to little change; the banks are high and are not 
subject to overflow. (lagings can ])e made at the bridge, but during 
low water they ai'e usually made })v wading. On June 22, 1900, ]>oth 
gages were leferred to a bench mark consisting of a chiseled ix)int 
marked '' B. M.'- on the fju'e of the lava bluff undiM* the west end of 
the bridge, 7.42 feet above gage datum. The station is an extremely 
important one, giving, as it does, the discharge of the river at the 
Colorado State line, including practically all of the Colorado drainage. 



BIO GRANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



198 



Boman Mondragon, who keeps a store at the west end of the bridge, 
bis kept the records during the last year. 
The following measurement was made in 1JM)2 by A. L. Fellows: 
July 0: (ysge height, 0.60 feet; diBcharge, 6 8iHN>ii<1-f(Hit. 

Ikilhj gaijf height^ \nfeH^ of tfie liio Gramif vtar CrninrOf fhht. 



Jan. 


Fch. 


' Mar. 


Apr. 


' May. 

1 


Juiu*. 


July. 


All*?. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


IHn!. 




- 




- — 




--- 


— ■ 


_ 


• - 








l.«0 


2.10 


2.4a 


1.60 


1.40 


1.80 


O.HO 1 


0.80 


0.70 


0.90 


0.90 


0.90 


l.W 


2.10 


2.50 


1.00 


1.60 


1.70 


.80 


.>0 ' 


.70 


.90 


.90 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


2.fi0 


1.60 


1.70 


l.tK) 


.80 


.SO ; 


.70 


.90 


.«»0 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


2.60 


1.60 


1.80 


1..% 


.80 ■ 


.80 1 


, 7> 


.90 


.00 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


3.00 


1.60 


1.90 


l.TK) 


.SO 1 


.SI) , 


.70 


.IK) 


.00 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


3.00 


1.60 


1.90 


1.40 


.80 1 


.8o; 


.70 


.90 


.00 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


2.60 


1.60 


1.9U 


1.40 


.80 \ 


.so ' 


.70 


.'.H) 


.90 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


2.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.40 


.80 ' 


.80 ' 


.SO 


.90 


.00 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


2.40 


1.70 


1.90 


1.40 


.>sO 


.SO 


.80 


1.00 


.SI) 


.90 


1.80 


2.00 


1.70 


1.80 


1.90 


1.30 


.80 


.80 


.80 


1.1)0 


.SO 


1.00 


1.80 


2.00 


1.70 


l.JX) 


1.90 


1.30 


.SO 


.SO 


.80 


1.00 


.SO 


1.00 


1.80 


2.00 


1.70 


l.QO 


1.90 


1.30 


.80 


..so 


.90 


1.00 


.W 


1.00 


1.80 


2.00 


1.70 


1.90 


l.CO 


1.30 


.JM> 


.so' 


.VO 


1.00 


.90 


1.00 


l.KO 


2.10 


1.70 


1,90 


l.CO 


1.30 


.80 


.SO 


.90 


1.00 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.20 


1.70 


L80 


2.00 


1.20 


.SO 


.80 1 


'.*<? 


.90 


.W 


1.00 


1.90 


2.20 


1.70 


l.SO 


2.00 


1.20 


.HO 


W 


m 


.90 • 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.20 


1.90 


1.90 


h9a 


1.20 


.80 


70 


w 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.30 


1.70 


LTD 


l.W 


1.20 


.80 


7* 


m 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.30 


1.70 


1.70 


1.90 


1.20 


.80 


TO 


m 


.90 , 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.40 


1.60 


L70 


l.UO 


1.20 


.80 


7* 


w 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


1.90 


2.40 1 1.60 


1.70 


t.w 


1.20 


.«0 


m 


no 


.80 


.90 


1.00 


2.10 


2,40 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.10 


.80 


4K} 


90 


.80 


.9tt 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.60 


1.70 


1.90 


1.10 


.80 


m 


.9«> 


.SO 


. CO 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.00 


1.90 


1.90 


1.10 


..'H) 


i^il 


.90 


.80 


.W 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.60 


1.50 


i.90 


1.00 


.80 


i'Jt 


.90 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.90 


1.50 


2.00 


1.00 


.80 


d'Jj 


.90 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.70 


l.a> 


2.00 


.90 , 


.80 


7^' 


.90 


.90 


.90 


1.00 


2.10 


2.40 


1.60 


l.W 


2.00 


.90 ; 


.80 


7JN 


.90 


.90 ; 


.90 , 


.80 


2.10 




1.60 


1.50 


2.00 


.80 


.80 


T<^ 


.90 


.90 ' 


.90 ; 


.70 


2.10 




l.CO 


l.W 


L90 


.80 > 


.80 


7Hl 


.90 


.90 . 


.90 ; 


.70 


2.10 




1.60 




1.80 




.80 


'^' 




.90 




.80 



Rating table for the Rin (Iramh' iwar Cmicem, ( 'olo.^ for 190-^. 



G«ce 
height. 

Feet. 
0.6 
0.8 
1.0 
1.2 
1.4 
1.6 



Discharge. 


OuRe 
lioight. 


Sectmd-/€ft. \ 


FM. 


6 : 


1.8 


22 : 


2.0 


44 


2.2 


82 


2.4 


142 


2.6 


244 


2.8 



Scctmd-ftti. 
414 
594 
774 
954 
1,134 
1,314 



GaK«- 
lifighl. 



Fnl. 

3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.S 
4.0 



l>iH<'hHrR«». 


GuKO 
lieight. 


Diwliaixe. 


S*cimii-fnt. 


Fret. 


S*c()fi(l-ffet. 


1,494 


4.2 


2,574 


1,674 


4.4 


2, 754 


1,854 


4.6 


2, 934 


2,034 


4.8 


3,114 


2,214 


i 5.0 


3,294 


2,394 







IBR 84—03 13 



194 



BTBEAM MEASUBEMENTS IN 1902, PABT IH. 



Estimated monOdy discharge of the Rio drande near CeriicerOy Colo. 
[Drainage area, 7.C05 8<]\iare mill's.] 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February . . . 

Man*h 

April 

May 

June 

July 

AugUiit 

Bepteniljer. . 
October t... 
November . . 
Det-emlKir .. 



DischarKO in pecond-fe<'t. 



Run-oiT. 



Maximum. Minimum.. 



, Total in arre- 

foel. Seoond-fcet 

Mf4in. per suuarc 

mile. 



I>cp 
inc 



The vear 



684 

954 

1,494 

504 

594 

414 

22 

22 

HI 

44 

31 

44 

1,494 



414 

594 

185 

ISo 

142 

22 

22 

6 

14 

22 

22 

14 

6 



521 
758 
549 
315 
490 
114 , 
22 

17 ; 

26 
32 ' 

:^ 

37 

243 ' 



32, 035 

42,097 

33, 757 

18, 744 

30, 129 

6, 783 

1,353 

1,045 

1,547 

1,968 

1,7S5 

2, 275 

173,518 



0. 0ti77 i 
.(YMi , 
. 0713 
.0409 
.0637 
. 0148 
.0029 
.0022 ' 
.0034 
.0042 
.0a39 
.0048 



. 0315 



KTO (niANDK NKAU DEL NORTE, COLO. 

MoasuroiTK^nts and ohsorvations wore first bo^un in the vicinit 
Del Xorto in ISSi) by Croorj^e T. Quinby. Tlio objoct of tbo ii 
uromeiits was to oy)tain the flow of the river before water was dive 
for the agricultural region of the San Luis Valley, and, ])v a eoni] 
son of this with the figures obtained at P^nibudo, to acquire data i 
the effect of the numerous ditches taking out water ])etween the 
points. The river 25 miles above Del Norte flows out of the cai 
at Wagon Wheel (lap. Little water, however, is diverted until 
edge of the San Luis Valh^y is reachc^d, the largest canal heading 
the town of Del Norte. During fr(\^hets the river divides into a i 
her of channels, making it diflicult to obtain measurements near tc 
In order to avoid the expense of establishing a station during tin 
high wat(M-, th(» first measurements — those about Jurn^ I — were r 
from several bridges crossing the numerous ])ranches. Th(» r(\ 
were not wholly satisfactory, and on June iJT) a station was establi 
above the bmnches. Later a locality about 2 miles farther up 
chosen. 

The station is about 2 miles west of the town of Del Norte, a 
the main canal taking water from the Kio (Jrande and is alK)ve al 
ii'rigating ditches of importance. Thc^ river flows in one chai 
about J 75 feet wide and of very regular section. The banks on 
sid(? are steep, and the water is reportcnl never to overflow. 



BIO GBANDE DRAINAGE BASIN. 



195 



eoarse of the stream is straight for several hundred yards both above 
ind below the section. An inclined gage is set, at an angle of ii})out 
S)^ to the horizontal, on the left bank, and is referred to bench marks. 
Ainoted on October 10, 1891, No. 1 is a large nail in the root of a tree 
15 feet northwest of the end of the cable on left bank of river. I^cMich 
nark No. 2 is a large nail in the root of a tree 25 feet southwest of 
tie end of the inclined gage. Both bench marks are 7.54 feet above 
tiie datum of the gage. 

On June 16, 1900, the gage rod was connected with an iron bench 
nark of the United States Geological Survey, set in the ground iii)out 
S5feet south of the rod, the zero of the rod being 1^25 feet Ixlow the 
bench mark 
Gagings were tirst made from a flat boat, 4 feet wide and 1 4 feet 
, attached ])y rope and tackle to a five-eights-iii<h wire cable 
fastened to a large cottonwood tree on the left bank, and to a sjind 
anchor on the right bank. They are now made by means of a car 
which travels across the river along a steel cable, the distance being 
mtrked on a tag wire. The channel is excellent, the water, although 
falling rapidly, seldom scouring, and the bed, then^fore, remaining 
practically the same from year to year. The bed of the channel is 
covered with small bowlders and the sides, although not high, have 
never been known to overflow. The observer is J. S. Regan, who has 
kept the records regularly ever since the station was established. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 11M)2 by 
1 L Fellows and J. E. Field: 

April 24: Gage height, 1.90 feet; discharge, 493 seoond-fet^t. 
July 8: Grage height, 1.31 feet; discharge, 210 second-feet. 

Daily g(tge height^ in feet, of (he liio (Jraiuh' iiear Del Xftrtc, Colo. 






Jau. 



11... 
12.... 

U.... 
15.... 
16.... 
17.... 
18.... 



I i.m 

■ i.e2 

' 1. 5a 

i.m 

1.68 



Feb, 



LOO 

L(J6 
1.(56 

i.m 



M&r. 



Ape* ' Mity, Juiu*. July. .\np. St'pt. (>ot. | Nov. r>eo. 



i.m ! '„.„ 

i.m L-w I 's.'ii ' 2.U ; 1.24 ; i.ck-. i.iio 

LOO i.....J..,.. 

l.aO j 1.00 I 2,Wt" 2. 31 ' l.Jl I.IH) 1.24 
l.fiO 



1.41 l.:;4 I.M 
1.4tJ L:'.»; 2.00 
1.40 : l.:i2 ' 1.92 



I.m 1.71 L\^,H '>.-S^) 1.22 l.OS ; ].20 ' 1. 



40 ; l.o2 . 1.96 



l.f^ ; l.r4J ' 

hci ' \.M I 2.m ; 'j.i-c 2.1:4 . 1.26 i.os i.n ; i.48 ] 1.32 ' i.m 
1,02 l/M ' ,. 



.1 1.58 I 1.G2 ' 1.3^1 ' I.M 2. 



I 1.52 . 1.C2 ; 1.31 



1.52 ; 1.62 ; ].:M I.N) 

1.52 ! 1.02 i.:;i 



2.10 1.22 l.OS 1.12 1.44 ' l.lV) 1.80 

I 

2.11 l.'JO 1.11 1.10 1.40 l.:W I 1.82 



1.52 I 1.02 l.:.U 1..M 2.70 l.W 1. 10, 1.12 1.10 1.38 1.32 
1.52 ' 1.70 • 1.40 ' 



1.84 



1.52 


1.70 


1.52 


1.70 


1.56 


1.70 



1.40 1.H2 2.04 I 1.7S 1.10 I 1. US 1.10 1.34 1.28 ; 1.80 

i...oi ' ! ; ! ! ; 

1.40 I 2.01 I 2.-10 I 1.66 I 1.20 ! 1.04 . 1.12 ! 1.30 I 1.28 . 1.82 



196 STBEAM MEASUBEMENTS IN 19Q2, PABT m. V^9lI 

Daily gage height^ in feet , ofOie Rio Grande near Dd Norte, Colo. — Continued. 



Day. 

VMtl. 



' Jan. ; Feb. Mar. ' Apr. ' May. Ijune.l July. | Aug. ' Sept. Ort. Nov. | Dec 



20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
21 . 
25. 
2f>. 
-7 - 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 



.: l.'iG 1.70 1.40 1 

.1 1.56 I 1.70 [ l.-IO I 2.46 ' 2.1C 

.| l..V> I 1.70 I 1.40 ' 

.; l.JW l.fiJ< ' 1.26 1 2.34 , 2.W 

. i.rx; 1.G8 ; 1.2c ' 

. l.Trfi I 1.68 j 1.26 I 1.8C I 2.00 

.' 1.00 I l.r>8 ' 1.2G I 



1.60 1.C.S I 1.26 ' 2.42 \ 2.06 

1.60 l.GJS i 1.20 I ' 

1.00 
1.00 I 



UtO 1.20 1.00 I 1.40 , 1.30 1.30 l.« 



1.50 1.16 I 1.06 I 1.52 ! 1.32 I 1.30 1.7B 



1.42 I 1.12 1.96 I 1.52 , 1.32 1.28 | Ltt 



1.34 ' 1.14 



1.60 ' ! 1.36 '. 

I , 1 



1.26 I 2.46 I 2.64 1.30 . 1.14 
1.36 ' ' 



2.S4 ' 



1.10 



1.70 i l.M ' 1.2t) 1.34 I L» 



1.48 i 1.50 I 1.'22 2.00 1 l.« 



1.40 ' 



I 



1.30 



LSI 



height. 



J-'rrt. 

1.0 
1.2 
1.4 

l.»i 
l.s 

2. 



liatintj table l(tr the J Ho (irande -near Del Xorte, C\)lo., for 1902, 

Diwhaiyo. 



DiwhurTr. 



height. 



heiX. ^''^^^^' ' h?gS. ! J>««-h»1?e. 



ikcoivl-Jirt. Ft ft. I Scntnd-/ret, 



(>9 
2()o 

.MS 



2. 2 
2.4 
2.(i 

2 S 



812 

976 

1,148 

1 . 880 

1,528 
1.742 



Fffi. 
8.4 
8.<> 
8.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 



Sccond'fceL '■> 


Feet. 


.Si 


1,972 : 


4.6 




2,218 1 


4.8 




2,480 1 


5.0 




2, 758 


5.2 




8,a51 '1 


5.4 




8, :iol i 


0.6 






Hsflinntrtl iiiniitldii iHsclmr^ji <■/ lli*' H'm (irdndt lunr Del Xurtfj Colo. 





iMM-ha 


vjr i;i M-c..iMl-f« 


<•(. 


'••lal ill Acre- 
ff<'t. 


Uun-off. 


>r(»iiiii. 


Miixiiimiu. 


Miniifiuiii. 


M.-un. 


Second-fcct 

l>er fkiuare 

mile. 


Depth in 
inches. 


. 








- - 




- — 


l'.H)2. 
Januarv 


487 


1 ',VM'i 


8S1 


2.;, 427 


0. 28 


0.32 


Febriiarv 


47)0 


' 88.-. 
180 


412 

4:;s 


22,811 
26, 082 


.29 
.81 


.2y 


Marrli 


487 


.:^ 


Apri' 


1,027 


2(>.-> 


iV.\S 


87,064 


.45 


.M) 


Mav 


1,787 


(>()() 


1.1 (>0 


71,870 


.84 


.91 


June 


1,201 


210 


(lis 


.".6, 774 


.44 


.49 


Julv 


180 


112 
()0 


l.i2 
ISO 


0, .846 
11,068 


.12 
.18 


.U 


A n<:ust 


..." «i81 


.15 


Se])toinlHT 


..." 'M9> 


112 


20<; 


12,2.58 


.15 


.1' 


(VtohcT 


...1 812 


160 
2(X) 
.%18 


242 
240 
547 


14,880 
14,817 

x\, 6;;4 


.17 
.18 

_ ^^ 

.81 


.•2< 


November 


..J 660 


o 


December 


660 


.4 




1,787 


___.- — — 


The year 


(iO 


486 


815,700 


4.2- 







... .- - 





_ . . _ _ . 





■ — - ' ' 



INDEX. 



l^iHdirlrA. Okla., stream measurements 

At 13^140 

laKdina Rirer. Texas, measurements of.. 142 
AikuwCitx, Kans., stream measurements 

at 119-120 

~ iflEiiMs River, measurements of, at Ar- 
kansas City, Kans 119-120 

meuoiements of, at Barton, Colo — 125-126 

atDodge.Kans 122 

at Hutchinson, Kans 120-122 

at Pueblo, Colo 130-133 

atSallda,Colo 136-138 

atSjTBCuse, Kans 123-125 

near Canyon, Colo 133-136 

near Nepesta, Colo 128-130 

near Rockyford, Colo 126-127 

itresm measurements in basin of 113-138 

ifUiH, Colo., stream measurements near. . 79-81 
Irtiaftoa, Nebr., stream measurements 

near 51-^ 

iotfo, Tex., stream measurements at. . . 149-153 

Bi%, Colo., stream measurements at 94 

IiiUinfer, Tex., stream measurements at. . 152 
Bunetts Ford, Tex., stream measurements 

at 156 

BirtMi, Colo., stream measurements at . . 125-126 
Buton Springs, Texas, measurements of. 152-153 

^ Creek, Colorado, measurement of 89, 94 

^ Creek, Texas, measurements of 154 

^e&ileman, Kebr., stream measurements 

at 113 

^ Bend, stream measurements at 94 

''^ Qt'pTess, Texas, measurements ct 140 

^% Sandy. Tex., stream measurement:^ ncHr 141 
2^ Sandy River, Texas, measurements of. HI 
^^ Sioux River, Nebraska, measurements 

of 49 

^1^ Sioux River, South Dakota, measure- 
ments of l.Vlfi 

^tg Thompson Creek, Colorado, measure- 
ments of 7{>-xi 

^tfhom River, Wyoming, measurements 

of 2:j-J4 

^fspring, Nebr., stream measurements at. 7"2-73 
^lue Creek, Nebraslca, measurements of. . . 93 

^loe River, Kansas, measurements of 97-99 

^lue River, Nebraska, measurements of . . . 112 
^ojteman, Mont., stream measurements near 4:t-45 
^Bnuos River, measurements of, at Rich- 
mond, Tex 147 

measurements of, at Waco, Tex 143-1 Ifi 

stream measurements in basin of 143-148 

^^rtdgeport, Nebr. , stream measurements at . 64-<JC 



Page. 
Brush Creek. Wyoming, measurements of . . 94 

stream measurements at 94 

Buffalo, Wyo.. stream measurements at 20 

Buffalo Creek, Nebraska, measurements of. 92 
Buffalo Springs, Colo., stream measure- 
ments near 94 

Burwell, Nebr., stream measurements at . . . 92 
CalamusCrcek, Nebraska, measurementsof. 92 

Camden, Ark., stream measurements at 140 

Canadian River, Oklahoma, mea>*urenient.s 

of 114 

Canyon, Colo.,stream measurements near. 133-136 
Cascade, Mont., stream measurements at .. 35-36 
Cenicero, Colo., stream measurements 

near 192-194 

Center Creek, Nebra.skn, measurements of . 112 
Chalk Creek, Colomdo, measurements of... 138 
Clear Creek, Colorado, mea-suremeuts of... M-86 

Clear Creek, Texas, mea.surements of 156 

Clear Creek, Wyoming, measurements v( .. 20, 94 

Cody, Wyo., stream measurements at 21-23 

Colorado River, measurements of, at Aus- 
tin, Tex 149-152 

measurements of, at Columbus, Tex 149 

miscellaneous 152 

stream measurements in ba*<in of 148-156 

Columbus, Nebr., stream measurements ut. 55-67 

stream measurements near 57-59 

Columbus, Tex., stream measuniments at. . 14S 

Comal Creek, Texas, measurements of 157 

Comul Spring Creek, Tex., stream measure- 
ments at 157 

Comfort, Tex., stream measuremeiilN at 157 

Como, Colo., stream measurements at 94 

Conifer, Colo., stream measurements near. . 94 

Corlett, Wyo., stream measurements at 94 

Cow Creek, Wyoming. mea.surements (.f... 94 

Craig, Mont., stream measurements at 37 

Crete, Nebr., stream measurements at 112 

Crooked Cn;ek, Nebraska. measuremi'nts cf. 112 
Crow Creek, Montana, measurements of... 50 
('uero, Tex., stream measurements near . . . 156 
Culbertson, Nebr., .stream measurements 

at 112-113 

Deer I'ark Creek, Colorado, mea.surements 

of 94 

Del Norte, Colo., stream measurements 

near 194-196 

Denver, C^olo., stream measurements at 86-88 

Devils Gate, Wyr)., stream measurements at. 72 

Devils River. Texas, measurements of 164-165 

Devilsrlver, Tex., stream measurements 

at 164-165 

197 



198 



INDEX. 



Devllsrivor, Tox., stream mcAsuremt'iils 

near lfil-163 

DodKO, Kaiis., stream mea«iirem«.'nts at 11*2 

Eagle I*a>w. Tox., Htrt'am meat»uremonts 

at I.VUIOO 

El Paw,Tex.,strt»am measurement.** near. 181-1X3 

Elk Creek, Colorado, meaHuremonts of 94 

Elkhom River, measurements of, near Ar- 

lin(^on, Nebr TA-^'A 

measurementflof , near Norfolk, Xebr. 63-A5. 92 
Ellsworth, Kans., stream measurements 

at 110-112 

Elreno, Okla., stream measun^ments near. . lU 
Embudo, N. Mex., stream measurements 

at 189-192 

Enders, Nebr., stream measurements at 112 

Erskine Falls., Tex., stream measurement* 

near l'>7 

Fairplay, Colo., stream measurements at. . . W 
Forkecreek, Colo., stream measurements at. M-^C 
FourmileCrcek, Colorado, mcasuremeutsof. 94- 
Fort Hancock, Tex., strc>am mea.surements 

near 179-180 

Fort MeKavett, Tex., stream measurements 

near 156 

Fort Niobrara, Nebr., stream measurements 

at 4J 

Fort Steele, Wyo., stream moosurcmentM at. 9^1 
Franklin, Nebr., stream measurement:^ at. . 11.3 
Frenchman Ri ver,Nebraska, measnrementH 

of 112 

Qallahers Ferry, Mont., stream measure- 
ments at :{7 

Gallatin Ferry, Mont., stream laea.surements 

at 37 

Gallatin River, Montana. nn'iuMirements of. 3A-iu 
Garland, Ark., stream mea.surements at ... 1 10 
Grand Kneampment Creek, Wyominiij.nieais- 

urements of *i| 

Graniti* Canyon, Wyo., htn-ani mcasurt!- 

ments at «.u 

Greatfalls, Mont., stream measurements at, :i7 
Guadalupe River, Texu.s, measurements of. 

mist^ellaneons i:,7 

mea.surements oi, near Cucn), Tex JV. 

stream measurements in Uisin of l.V>-i:)7 

Guemst'v. Wyo., stream nicjLsun raents at. . (..h-To 
Haijfler. Nebr., stream nieiusurements at . . . 1 ij 
Halls Gul("h, Colorado, mestsurements of. . . <ji 
Ilatton, Wyo.. stniim meu.^-urements near. . 70-71 

Havre, Mont., stream meusunMin-nt.s at 2*^-31 

Hecla, Wyo., stream measnri'mentsnoar... 7'>-77 
Hot Wells. Tex., stream nietusurenient.s at.. l.')7 
Ilutehinwrn, Kans., stn-am nieiusurenu-nts 

at 120-122 

lola. Kan*., stream Tncasurenu-nts at UViu; 

Ives, N\-l>r.. stn'am nu'a.Mireinc-nt.s at 112-11;; 

Jefferson. Colo., stn-ani nn-asun'raenis at.. \n 
JelTers4»n Creek. Colorado, nn'asiironR-nt> (»l' '.'4 
.Ii'fferson Hivcr. Montana, nieavnirnnjntsot. IT-ll* 
Jolin«-on» K<»rk i <iaM(lalui»«- . T.xa>, nieas- 

un-nient'«ol i')7 

John^'on Folk il.ianoi T<xa-, ni«.'»i>nr«- 

nu'nts(»i ]:>t 

Joiiali, Trx., sln'ain int'Ji^iin innil.s at 1 ih 

Jule-xlairj.', (ulo.. stream nuMisurmioins ai . 7;'.-T'> 



Junction. Kans., stream mt^asurementsat. lOO-l 
' Junction (Mty, Tex.. strt>am mi'a.«urv>ment8 

netir 1 

Kansas River, Kansas, measurements of 95- 

Btream measurements in licusin of 95-1 

Kearney, Nebr., stream meuj«urements at .. 
I Kearney, Wyo., stn.'am measurements at .. 

. Kersey, C-olo., stream measurements at 77- 

1 Kimball, Nebr., stream measurements at .. 

Lampa.sas, Tex., stream measurements at . I 
I I.,am|>asas, Texas, Sulphur Fork of. meas- 

urementsof ] 

■ I.Anda Mill Race, Tex., stream measure- 

mentsat 1 

j Langtry. Tex., stream measurements at . 172-1 
Las Moras Creek, Texas, measurements of . 1 
! I.Awrence Fork, Nebraska, measurements 

of 

lA'comptim, Kans., stream measuri'meuts 

I at 95- 

'. I^^xington. Nebr.. stream mea.surements 

I near 59- 

I Liberty, Kans., stn'am mea.<mrcment8 

near 1 16-: 

, Lincoln. Nebr.. stream mi-asurements at... 
' Little Laramie River, Wyoming, measure- 

I mcntsof 7(K 

Little River, Texas, measurements of 1I7-: 

I Livingston, Mont., stneam mca-Hurcments 

near 2t 

1 Llano, Tex., stream mi'asurements m>ar ... 

Llano River. Texas, mea.surements of 15.v: 

I I.,4>dgcp<»le Cn>ek. Nebraska, measurement?' 

of 

I L«»Kan. Mont., .stream measurement"* at 3?*- 

Limcrgaii ('reck. .Nebraska, nieasnrements 

of 

LonKpine, Nel>r.. stream nieiisuremenis at.. 
I l>onM:pine Creek, Neliraska, inea.suremeuLs 

of 

l>ost Creek. Nehniska. measurements iti 

Loup Hiver. Ni'bniska. measurements of. .. ^'o 
Lufkin, Ti'X.. stream mejtsurenieni.s near... 

Lyons. Colo., stream mea.surements at si 

Madison liiver. Montana, measurements «»f. 4*3 

Malta, .Mont., stream niejLsurements at 2».» 

Manhattan, Kaii'*., stream measurements 

niar 9"7 

.NIarais di-s Cy^Mies Kiver. Kiin.sii.s, niea^un-- 

nieiits of 14 

.Marias Kiver. .Mont'ina. nieju-^urements oL. .>- 
Marble Falls. Tex. stream mea^iirementsat. 
-Marjjruereita FInine. Texas. meiLsnrenient?' 

of 168- 

MeC(M»k. .Nihr.. stream niea>urenienls at... 
.Me(lieni«" M*>\v River, Wyoinintr, inea^iure- 

niem«<o( 

Mfuanlville, Tex., stream njeasiirenieuts 

a I 

.MieliiKaii Cnek, <'olorad»». nieasiin-ments 

ni 

.Middle < "reck, .NIontana. nj«*asurements ol.. -1- 
.Nliddle Crow Creek, Wyonnn^'. mea.suri»- 

nu-nt^of 7.-'7*: 

.MKldie Lniip Kuir. .\et>raska measure- 
nieni> ..I 



INDEX. 



199 



lidrkle. Mont., Aream meaMirrmcntAat.. M-iV* 
ISk River. meAjniremiiitii of. at Havrv, 

Mont aWJl 

Bcasorvmentfl of. at Malta. Mont 2<i-28 

Mill Ch«k, Texas. meaMircmentA of 156 

Minnichaduza Creek. Nebnufka, mcaHure- 

menteof -19 

XiW0ari Rirer. mGamirementa of, at Ca»- 

cade, Mont &>-,tC 

meanuementa of, at TownM*nd, Mont. . 36-38 

stream mi'ssniemcntH in basin of IB-M 

Xiicfaell. Xcbr., atream mcaHurvments at . . OiV-t> 
Moorbead. Tex., stream measuivmenLs 

near 166-l<i8 

VoRiion, Colo., strvum meaMurementit at . . 9\ 

nream meavurementJi near htf 

Xoont Princeton, Colo., stn^ni mt^aMire- 

mentsat 138 

]liMeI>helI River. Montana. incaMirt^mcntM 

of 31-32 

Naples Tex., ytream ueasurumentu near . . 140 

Xtchn. River, TexHfl. ueaHurementa of 1 42 

ttrv-am meaj«urementa in banin of 141-142 

Xer»b«i River, Kanmff, measurements of . ll.viiti 
3fepe«ta, Colo., Ktream meafurements 

near r2H-l3u 

N<w Brauiifel.<, Tex., stream moa'<urc- 

mentu near i:>7 

NrTell. Ci>lo.. stream meaaurcmentN ut l:i8 

Sk*. Kan^, stream meaftun^ments ut ItKVlOT 

Niolnni.Xebr., stream mcamiremenuat.. lG-17 
Kiotinra River, meanjrementa of, at Nio 

brara, Nebr If»-17 

measurements of, at Valentino, Nebr. . lM-20 

miiicelLuieouK 49 

.Vorfolk. Nebr. , stream measurements ut. . . 92 

stream measurements m*ar 5:t-.v> 

.VorthLoup River. Nebnutka. mea-turemects 

of h2 

Swth riatte. Nebr., htn>am mea*(urementH 

at 62-4Vt , w 

North Platte River. meaKurementH of. ut 

Bridgeport, Nebr CA-iHt 

oea^urementa of. at Guemwy, Wyo... »w-7U 

Ht Mitchell, Nebr M-^-^ 

at North Platte, Nebr (V.MV4 

miscellaneous yj 

.North I'latle River, WyominK, mt-usurc- 

ments of, miicellaneous *j t 

North Turkey Creek, Colorado, nioiuMirt;- 

mentsof iM 

•Noye» Ditch, Texas, measurements of i.vj 

Ottawa. Kann., stream mea.suremonts nt . . . 1 l-l.'> 
'"wchita River, Arkansafl. measim^nu'iiiH of 1 lu 
♦►ifonl. Nebr.. stream meaffurcmcnts nt. 112-n:j 
Oxforrl Farmers' Canal, C-olorudo, nictu>uri- 

mentti of ]2V 

*■«» Creek, Wyoming, measurements cf . . . l» l 
Ptof», Tex., stream measurcment^i near. . lt;s- 172 
i*fcc<w River, measurements of, lu'iir M«M»r- 

htnid, Tex l«',<,-irKS 

ini.>a«iurements of, near I*ccr>s, Tex... 1<;8-172 
iWy Creek, Wyoming, mcn«juremcnt»» (»f . . 21 
Illliiburg.Tex.. slrcum meiLsnromeiit'JiU'ar. 1 10 
Platte River. mea««urcmcms of. at Keaniey, 

Nebr 92 



Pajfe. 
Pintle River, mcHMuremontsof, nearroluni- 

bus, Nebr :>7-W 

measurementsof.near Lexington. Nebr. .vj-ci 

Mream meu^urements in basin of .k>-'>| 

Prairie Lea, Tex., Ktream mi.>asurements nt . l.'>7 
l^residio. Tex., stream meusurements 

above 177-I?J 

Presidio, Tex., stn>aMi measurements 

below 17.'>-177 

l*ueblo, C^»lo.. stream measurements nt . . i:U)-13:J 
Radersburg, Mtmt.. stream m('«surcment> at .'lO 
Red River, Arkaiuum. measun'ments of ... . 1 40 

stream measurements in basin of i:ft»-l tO 

RedblufT, Mont., stream measurements nttir 4r»-47 
Reis Sfirings, Wyo., stream measurements at 91 
Republican River, measureuients of. ut 

Junction, Kans 11)0-102 

measurements of, near Su(M.rior, Nebr. lir2-loS 

mis(>elIun(H>us 1 12-113 

Richmond, Tex., stream lueaMirenieiits at. 117 
KioGnuKle, N.Mex., stream nieu-'^urements 

near ls«*.-ls9 

Kioitrande River, mi-a>un'UU'iit- of. aJnive 

lYesidio. Tex 177-179 

uiea.Huremenls of. at llavrle Pa». Tex. I.'i«<-U'i0 

at Enibud* i, N. Mex l»<'.»-li»2 

at I^ngtry, Tex 172-171 

below Presidio, T« x 17.'>-177 

near Cenicero, Coli» l'.»2-191 

near IM'I Norte. Colo lU»-19»i 

near Devils River, Texa iril-l«:J 

near El Paso. Tex H1-1S3 

near Port Hancock. Tex I?.»-1.hO 

nenr Rio (inmde. N. Mex IwWI.ho 

ncnrSjin Marcial, N. Mex IsHsii 

stream mca.suremeiits in l»a»iin of 1.'>7-I*.k> 

Riverside. Tex., stream mea.surement"* at . 1 12-1 1:{ 
K<M'k Creek, Nebraska. meaMin-ments «»f... 113 
RiN'kyford, Colo., Btretim mea>'ureiiu-nis 

near 12t'»-127 

Sabine River, Texas, nieusureruents i»i 1 11 

stream measurements in Imsin of 14»>-i n 

St. Paul, Ne>»r.. stream measuremejit" at . , . '.»2 
St. Vrain Cni'k, Colorado, nuasunnient'* 

of M-Sl 

Sal ado, Tex., stream iiieasun-iiieiitsat 14S 

Salado Uiver. Texa*«, measurements of 1 IS 

Salesville. Mont., stream niea.<ureiiient< 

near UV 43 

.^ill<1a, ('olo., stn*am ineasuremeiits at... l:{»i-i:w 
Salina, Kans..htreani measurement'- near. KW-IIO 
Saline River, Knnsa-. m«-a.-iirements of., los-lio 

Salt Creek, Nebraska, measuremem> of W 

San Antonio. Tex. ,stn'ainmea?*nn*nient^. It. I'i7 
San Antonio Kivi-r, Texa<. nu'asnremeiit«» 

of Iw 

San Feli|M' Creek. Texas, niea.-nrements of. Hil 
San (Jabrirl Uiver, Texas meiLsurenieiits 

of lis 

San .Mareial, N. Mex., ••treani ineavjire- 

nieiits near K-u-lSfi 

San Mjireos liiver, Texas, measureinepts 

of l.»7 

San Saba. Tex., stream measurements at... 1V> 
San Saba Kiver. Texas. niea^uri'Tiients of. 1.M-1.t6 
Sand Creek, Nebra-ka.mea.suremenis of ... 98 



200 



INDKZ. 



Sappington, Mont., stieam meamrements 

at 47-«9 

fiaiatoga, W yo., stream meMurcmentH at . . . M 
Begoria, Tex., stream measurements near.. IM 
Seminole Moantains, Wyoming, stream 

measurements near M 

8eward, Xebr., stream mcasurementM at — 112 
Sbawmut, Mont, stream measurements at. 31-82 
Shelby, Mont., stream measurementii near. 82-34 
Shoshone River, Wyoming, measurements 

of 21-28 

Simmons, W>-o., stream measurements at.. M 
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., stream metuturements 

at 49 

Smoky Hill River, Kansas, nioaj«urements 

of 110-112 

Splitntck, Wyo., stream meat^urementu near 72 
Spring Creek, Nebraska, measurements of. 93 
Solomon River, Kansas, measurementii of. 105-107 
South Platte, Colo., stream measurementnat 89-92 
South Platte River, Colorado, measurementM 

of, at Bigspring, Nebr 72-r3 

measurements of, at Denver, Colo S('»-88 

at Julesburg, Colo 73-75 

at Kersey, Colo 77-79 

at North Platte. Nebr 93 

at South Platte. Coh> K9-92 

miscellaneous 94 

Stratton. Nebr., stream meiuturementM at. . . 112 
Stubbs Ferr\', Mont., stream meojiurenients 

at 37 

Sulphur Fork Creek, Texas, meosurementu 

of 140 

Sui»erior, Nebr., ^t^eam niuusurementM 

noar 102-10') 

Sweetwater Kiver, \VyominK.nionsuri*nieiit.«* 

of 71 



8yTaeaae,KanB.,streunmeMiirementiat. UMSl 
Tarryall Creek, Colondo, meamrwnenf of. Ml 
Thcrmopolia, Wyo., itzeun measoremento 



Toston. Mont., stream meaaoiements at V \ 

Townaend, Mont., stream meamremenuat. SMI 
Trinity River, Texas, measuiementi of .. U^4U I 

stream meaaurements In baain of li2-ltt 

Trout Creek, Coloiado. measaxeineDts of . . . 21 
Two Medicine Creek, Montana, measnre- 

mentiof S.4 

Valentine, Nebr., stream moaanxements 

at IB^m 

Verdigris River. Kansas, measurements of 116-118 
Waco, Tex., stream measurements at . . .. 14S-1I8 
Walhalla, Tex., stream measurements near. 
Walnut River, Kansas, measurements of. . . Ut 
Washita River, Oklahoma, measurements 

of 

Watertown, S. Dak., stream measurements 

near IMI 

Webater, Colo., stream meamirements at. . . M 
i We»t Gallatin River, Montana, 

I mentsof , 

' We»t Valley Ditch, Texas, measurements 

of la^lTt] 

I Westerfiekl Ford, Tex., stream 

, mentsat Uff\ 

I White River, Nebraska, measurements of, 

miseellaneous •' 

White Tail Creek, Nebraska, measorements 

of 98 

Winston, Colo., stream measurements at. . . 94 
Wood River, Nebraska, measurements of . . 98 
Wymorc, Nebr., stream measurements at . . 112 
Yellowstone River, Montana, measure- 

inonts of 24-26 



o 



1hkr%||l7 *■' MffSm Ptp«r No. 85 StriM PjPydrognlhie Prognn Rtporta, tS 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

DOTTED ST^ES GEOUXilCAh SURVEY 

CHASLE8 D. WAUX>TT, UiRKcroR 




.^^ REPORT 

0r 



^OGRESS OF STREAM MEASUREMENTS 



FOR 



THE CALENDAR YEAR 1902 



BY 



F. II. nkwp:ll 



FART IV.— INTERIOR BASIN, PACIFIC COAST, AND HTDSON HAY DKAINAGK 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1903 



CONTENTS. 



Pago. 

Letter of transmittal 9 

btrodoctiQii 11 

Mnowledgments 14 

Oolando Riyer drainage badn 15 

Colorado River at Ttima, Ariz . 17 

Colorado River at Bulls Head, Ariz _ 20 

Verde River near McDowell, Ariz 21 

Salt River at McDowell, Ariz _ 23 

Salt River at reservoir site below Tonto Creek, near Livingst^me, Ariz . 25 

Tonto Creek near Livingstone, Ariz 20 

Gila River at San Carlos, Ariz 32 

Animas River at Dnrango, Colo 35 

Florida River near Dorango, Colo 37 

LosPinosRiver at Ignacio, Colo 39 

Dolores River at Dolores, Colo 41 

Guimison River at Whitewater, Colo . . 42 

Gmmiaon River at lola, Colo 44 

Grand River near Palisades, Colo 46 

Grand River at Glenwood Springs, Colo 48 

White River at Meeker. Colo _ 50 

^ta River at Ouray School, near Leland, Utah . 52 

^hesne River at Price Road bridge, Utah 55 

^e Creek at wagon bridge (near month) , Utah 58 

^jnta River at Fort Duchesne, Utah 61 

^^ta River near Whiterocks, Utah 65 

^terocks River near Whiterocks, Utah 68 

^*^ey Creek near Vernal, Utah 71 

Janapa River at Craig, Colo 74 



v.) 



^f5>en River at Greenriver, Wyo. 

♦ ^ "^^cellaneous measurements in the Colora<lo River <lrainaKt^ Iwisin , . . 77 

^^^1- Basin.. - 78 

^^r River near Collinston, Utah 80 

^^5ir River at Battlecreek, near Preston, Idaho . . 82 

^Xacksmith Fork at Hyrum, Utah 84 

^^Ogan River near Logan, Utah . 86 

^"eber River near Uinta, Utah 87 

'^Sx)vo River near Provo, Utah 88 

^vier River at Gunnison, Utah. 88 

^an Pitch River near Gunnison, Utah 94 

Humboldt River near Oreana, Nev 96 

Humboldt River near Golconda, Nev. 98 

fiumboldt River at Palisade, Nev 100 

Pine Creek at Palisade, Nev 101 

8 



4 CONTENTS. 

Interior BaHin — Continned. 

Humbohlt River (Sonth Fork) at Mason's ranch, near Elko, Nev... -^ 

Hnmbolt River near Elko, Nev ^ 

Hiimlx)ldt River (North Fork) near Halleck. Nev 

Mar>'^s River at Bradley's home ranch, near Deeth, Nev 

Walker River near Wabnska, Nev 

Walker River (East Fork) at Ross ranch, near Yerington, Nev 

Walker River (West Fork) at npper end of Antelope Valley, near Cole- 

villo, Cal _ 

* Carson River near Empire, Nev 

Carson River (East Fork) at Rodenlmh's ranc^h, near Gardnerville, Nev 

Carson River (West Fork) at Woodfords, Cal 

Tmckee River at Tahoe, Cal 

Tmckee River at Vista, Nev _ 

Tmckee River near Mystic, at Nevada-California State line _ 

Independence Creek below Independom^e Lake, near Overturn, Cal 

Prosser Creek l)elowProsser Creek Ict> Comi)any*s dam, near Boca, Cal. 

Donner Creek near Donner Ice Comi>any's dam, near Tmckee, Cal 

8nsan River near Snsansville, Cal _ 

Miscellaneons measurements in the Interior Basin 

San Francisco Bay drainage basin 

Cache Creek at Lower Lake, Cal 

Feather River at Oro\nlle, Cal 

Stony Creek at Julian's ranch, near Frnto, Cal _ 

Sacramento River at Jelly s Ferry and at Iron Canyon, near Red Blnif , 
Cal ' __ 

Tuolumne River and Turlock Canal at Lagrange. Cal _ 

Mercod River alK>ve Pierced Falls. Cal 

King River at Kingsburg. Cal _. 

King River at Red Mountain, near Sang(»r. Cal . _ 

Tul(^ River near Portersville, Cal _ . . . . 

Kern Hi viT near Bakersfield . Cal . 

San Joaquin River at Ilerndon. Cal .. . 

Miscellaneous measurements in the San Francisco Bay drainage basin 
Southern California drainagr' ..... . ... 

Arroyo Seco at Pettitt's ranch, near Soleda^,, ^lonterey County. CaL .. 

San Lorenzo Creek near King City. Cal . . 

San Gabriel River and Canal^ at Azusa, ( 'al 

Santa Ana River Ih'Iow Warnisi)rings. Cal . 

Mohavt^ Riven* at Victorxnlle. Cal . . _ . . 

Miscellaneous measurements in Southern California drainage . . 

Columbia River drainage basin 

Umatilla River at (4ibbon, Oreg . 

Yakima River at Kiona. Wash . . . . . . . . . 

Yakima Riv'(*r at Union (iap. Wash . ... ... .. . 

Naches River near North Yakima. Wash . . ....... 

Tieton River near North Yakima, Wash 

Spokane River at Spokane, Wash . 

Misscmla River at Missoula. Mont ... 

BitteiT(M)t River near Grantsdale. ^lont . _ . 

Palouse River near Hooper, Wash . _ . . 

Weiser River near Weiser. Idaho. ... . .. . ... 

Boise River near Boise, Idaho .. . 

Seepage ineasurementa in Boise Valley , Idaho 



00NTEWT8. 5 

Riyer drainage basin — Cantinned. Page. 

Branean Riyer near Grandview, Idaho 212 

Soake River at Montgomery Ferry, near Minidoka, Idaho 213 

StaakeRiyer (North Fork) near Ora, Idaho 215 

M Riyer near Marysyille, Idaho 215 

MifloeUaneons measorements in the Colnmbia Riyer drainage basin 216 

Pllget Sound drainage basin 216 

White Riyer at Buckley, Wash 217 

Cedar Riyernear Maple Valley, Wash 218 

Cedar Riyer at Cedar Lake, near Northbend, Wash 220 

Sooqnalmie Biyer aboye Snoqualmie Falls, near Snoqnalmie, Wash . . . 220 

Skykomish Biyer (South Fork) near Index, Wash 222 

Stilagnamish Biyer near Robe, Wash 228 

Hudson Bay drainage basin 224 

St Mary Biyer at international line near CJardston, Alberta 225 

St Mary Biyer at Main, Mont 226 

Swiftcurrent Creek at Henkel's ranch near St. Mary, Mont 229 

8t Mary Biyer at dam site near St. Mary, Mont 231 

Red River at Emerson , Manitoba 238 

Red Lake River at Crookston, Minn 234 

Red River at Grand Forks, N. Dak 235 

Sheyenne Riyer at Haggart, N. Dak 236 

Red River at Fargo, N. Dak 237 

Devilfl Lake at Devils Lake, N. Dak 2^ 

bdex 241 



ILLrSTRATIONS. 



Pa»c<v 

Fi< » . 1 . Location of river stations and principal irrigation projects in wosti'ni 

halfof United States, 1903-3 13 

2. Location of river stations in eastern half of Unitwl StateH. \\HV2-i\ i:J 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



Department of the Interior, 
United States Geological Survey, 

Division op IlYDRO(mAPHY, 
Washington, IX C, June 29^ W(^. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit hei'ewith Water-Supply Paper 
No. 85, which is Part IV of and complotos the r(»i)ort of progress of 
stream measurements for the year \ 902. This paper contains the data 
which has been received during 1902 from that portion of the terri- 
tory west of the Mississippi River which does not drain into either 
the Mississippi River or the west/crn Gulf of Mexico. 

This paper contains for the various gaging stations the original 
data as collected and the results obtained from the discussion of this 
data, also such other information as is of interest in liydrographic 
studies. 

Very respectfully, F. 11. Newell, 

Hydroyraplwr in Chanje. 
Hon. Charles D. Walcott, 

Director United States Geological Survey. 

9 



PROGRESS REPORT OF STREAM MEASURE- 
MENTS FOR THE CALENDAR YEAR 1902. 



By F. H. Newell. 



rNTROI>UCnON. 

This paper contains data collected during 1902 from that jwrtion 
of the territory west of Mississippi River which does not drain into 
either Mississippi River or the western Gulf of Mexico. It com- 
pletes the Report of the Progress of Stream Measurements for the 
Year 1902, which report is made up of Water-Supply Papers Nos. 
82-85, inclusive. 

Water-Supply Papers Nos. 82 and 83 contain the data collected in 
the territory east of Mississippi River, and papers Nos. 84 and 85 
that collected west of Mississippi River. The material in each of 
these papers consists of both the original data as collected at the 
various river stations and the results obtained from the discussion 
of these data; also brief descriptions and facts regarding such other 
subjects as are allied to hydrographic studies. 

For convenience in aiTangement the data in this paper have been 
grouped into the following drainage areas and arranged in the order 
given: Colorado River drainage. Interior Basin, San Francisco Bay 
drainage. Southern California drainage, Columbia River drainage, 
Paget Sound drainage, and Hudson Bay drainage. 

On figs. 1 and 2 the dots show the locations of tlio stations at which 
the United States Gleological Survey is collecting hydrographic data. 
The section west of the shaded line comprises those States which are 
covered by the national irrigation act of June 17, 1902 (32 Stat. L., 
388-390), and the cross-lined areas show the location of the irrigation 
projects which are now under investigation. 

In collecting hydrographic data the Geological Survey has received 
the hearty coox)eration of various individuals, corporations, and States, 
as mentioned hereafter. This coox)eration has made possible the pub- 

11 



12 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PABT IV. 

licatiou of many valuable records, which could not otherw 
been obtained. 

A brief historical sketch of the stream measurements mad 
United States Geological Survey is published on pages 11-15 o 
Supply Paper No. 75. 




Fig. 1.— Location of river stations and principal irrigation projects in western hal 

States, 1902-3 

The results of the stream measurements made during the pi 
by the United States Geological Survey can be found in the f 
publications, which may be consulted at the public libraries 
of our cities: 

1893. Bulletin No. 131. 

1894. Bulletin No. 131. 



.] 



INTRODUCTION. 



K Bolletin No. 140. 

6. Water Supply Paper No. 11, Part IV of the Eighteenth Annnal Report. 

17. Water Sniyply Papers Nos. 15 and 16, Part IV of the Nineteenth Annual 

xt. 

». Water Supply Papers Nos. 27 and 28, Part IV of tlie Twentietli Annnal 

«rt. 




Pio. 2.— Location of river statioiiH in oastem Imlf of United States, 19<>JJ-8. 

18W. Water Supply Papers Nos. 35 to 3», inc^lnsive, Part IV of the Twontj 
Annual Report. 

1900. Water Supply Papers Nos. 47 to 52, inclusive. Part IV of the Tv 
second Annual Report. 

1901. Water Supply Papers Nos. 65, 66, and 75. 
/i*Jta Water Supply Papers Nos. 82 to H5, inclusive. 



14 STREAM MEASUBEMENT8 IN 1902, PART IV. [wo. J 



ACKNOWIiEDGMENTS. 

Most of the measurements i)re8ented in this paper have beon 
obtained throuf^h local hydrographers and engineers. Acknowleds''' 
ment is due to each of these persons, and thanks are extended t>o 
other persons and corporations who have assisted local liydrographerB, 
or who have cooperated in any way, either by furnishing records ar 
by assisting in transportation. 

The following list, arranged alphabetically by States, gives the 
names of the resident hydrographers and others who have assisted in 
furnishing and preparing the data contained in this report: 

Arizona, — The data on Colorado River were collected by J. B. Lippincott and 
his assistant. That npon the Salt and Gila rivers and Tonto Creek by Stephen 
Janns and Osbnm Richins. 

California. — Resident hydrographers, J. B. Lippincott, assisted by Samnel G. 
Bennett, and L. H. Taylor, assisted by E. C. Mnrphy and D. W. Hajrs. Acrknowl- 
edgments are also dne to the following individuals and corporations for assistance 
rendered and data furnished: To H. F. Parkinson, water overseer for the irrigators 
in the vicinity of Aznsa, Cal., for voluntary observations on San Gabriel River 
and canals; the Kern County Land Company, through its chief engineer, Walter 
James, and engineer in charge of water measurements, A. K. Warren, for the 
record of Kern River; the Southern Pacific Company, through its chief engineer, 
William Hood, for river stage records of San Joaquin River at Hemdon, Cal., and 
the King River at Kingsburg, also for transportation furnished the resident 
hydrographers and assistants; to the officials of the Santa Fe Route and Lake Tahoe 
Railway and Transportation Company for transportation of the resident hydrog- 
raphers and assistants. 

Colorado. — Resident hydrographer, A. L. Fellows, avssisted by M. C. Hinder- 
lider. Acknowledgments for assistance rendered and data furnisbe<l are due to 
Hon. A. J. McCune, State engineer of irrigation; A. F. Reeves, sui)erintendent of 
irrigation, and to various water commissioners wlio are located in this division 
and who have given their assistance from time to time. Transportation has l)een 
furnished by the Denver and Rio Grande; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe; Colo- 
rado and Southern, and Rio Grande Southern railroads. Special assistance was 
also rendered by William H. Richardson at Glenwocwl Springs. 

lilaho. — Resident hydrographer, N. S. Dils. Acknowledgments are diie to the 
Oregon Short Line Railway Company for transportation f Timishe<l N. S. Dils. 

Minnesota. — The data from this State were collected by the late C. M. Hall. 

Montana. — Resident hydrographer, J. S. Baker, assist^Ml by H. B. Waters. 

Nevada. — Resident hydrographer, L. H. Taylor, assisted by E. C. Muri)by and 
D. W. Hays. Acknowle<lgments are also due to the Soutliem Pacific Railroad 
ComiMiny and Lake Tahoe Railway and Transportation Comjyany for transiwrta- 
tion furnished. 

North Dakota.— The data from this State were collected by the late C. M. Hall. 

Orcf/o/?.— Resident hydrographer. Sydney Arnold. 

Utah. — Resident hydrographers, Howard S. Reed and George L. Swendsen, 
assisted by W. D. Beers, Caleb Tanner, and W. (^. Swendsen. Acknowledgments 
for assistance rendered and dat^i furnished are due to the l"^t^h Light and Power 
Company, Ogden, Utah; the Hercules Power Company, Logan. Utah, and the 
Bear River Canal Company, Corinne, Ut^h. 

Wa>thhtpfo)). — Resident hydrogniphers, T. A. Noble . assisted by H. W. (^linan; 
and Sydney Arnold. Acknowledgments are also duii to t\ii-^ toWoVvn^ m^Xxv^^xvsaXA 



mnu.] COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 15 

I far aflnstaoce rendered and data fnmished: To Reginald H. Thouufon, city enfi^- 
I iwof Seattle. Wash.; to Lonis Q. Heybrock, who haa l)een voluntary observer 
It the station of the south fork of Skykomish River, and to A. A. Batcheller, who 
1m been voluntary observer at the station on Cedar River at Cedar Lake, and to 
DM J. HiH. who has furnished transportation to the resident hydrographer in 
'^ i§ lie State of Washington over the Great Northern Railway. Transiwrtation has 
bNB famished to Sydney Arnold by Thomas Cooper, general manager of the 
5orthem Pacific Railway, thus greatly facilitating the extension of the field work. 
ll'lfoming. — Resident hydrographer. A. J. Parshall. Acknowledgm(>ntM are 
ib(i due to H. G. Burt, president of Union Patdfic Railroad Company, for trans- 
portation fnmished over its lines in Wyoming to the resident liydrographer. 

COIiORADO RIVER DRAINAGK BA8IN. 

Topographically considered, this is the largest hydrographic basin 
lying wholly within the arid region, having a total area above the 
town of Yuma, Ariz., of over 225,000 square* miles. 

This basin is situated in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New 
Mexico, Nevada, and California, but the principal water supply conies 
from the melting snows of the high mountains of Wyoming, Utah, 
and Colorado. The minimum flow is less than 3,000 cubic feet per 
second. The maximum reaches more than 60,000 cubic feet per 
second. 

This stream has been called the Nile of America. Like the Nile, the 
Colorado is subject to an annifbl summer rise, which comes at a time 
when it is most needed for irrigation. Its waters carry a large amount 
of sediment, reaching as high as 2,000 parts of sediment to 100,000 
parts of water. The minimum amount is carried during the winter 
months and probably is never less than 60 parts of sediment to 
100,000 parts of water. 

Prof. R. II. Forbes, in Bulletin No. 44, University of Arizona Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, says: 

On the basis of the profile constructed from available data for the volume of 
flow of the Colorado, and of the year's silt determinations made in this lal)oratory, 
it is estimated conservatively that the river during 1900 brought down alx)ut 
61.000,000 tons of sedimentary material, which, condensed to the form of solid 
rock, is enough to cover 26.4 square miles 1 foot deej), or to make 53 square miles 
of dry, alluvial soil 1 foot deep, or to make about 104 M^uaro miles of recently 
settled, submerged mud 1 foot deep, reckoning the whole amount of mud for the 
year to average 6.2 times the bulk of the solid sediment. 

Comparatively a small amount of land is irrigated by the watera of 
Colorado River, owing to the fact that the main stream and both 
of its tributaries are situated so far below the level of the irrigable 
lands as to render their diversion extremely difficult or imi)racticable. 

There are two pumping i^lants that lift water for irrigation at Yuma 
and several at other points on the river above Yuma. The Imperial 
canal diverts water at a point on the right bank of the river 6 miles 
below Yuma. It is the intention of the owners of this canal to reclaim 
a large tract of fertile land situated in Mexico auA m CaWtotToai, 



18 8TRXA1C MEASUERimmi Uf 1908, PABT TV. [" 

Diaeharffe meamtremeKU of Colorado Biver at Ftuna, AHm, 



EEjdragiMidier. 



Gun 



DkBh 



1909. 



January 9 

Fefarnaryao 

MaySO.. 

JtilyT 

JtilyO 

Ocstoberll 

October 14 ...I B. P. H. Laney 

October 17 do .. 

Octoberdl 1 do . 



J.B.Lippinoott. 
S.G. Bennett... 

do 

W.W.PoDett.. 
S. G.Bennett... 
do ... 



I 



October34 do 

November IS S.G.Bennett. 

November 18 do 

November 15 W.D.Smith.. 

November 18 do 

November 90 ' do 

November 29 .-] do ... 

November 34 J do _ 



November 30 
November 28 
Deceml)er 1 
Deceiu})er li 
Deiiember o 
Deceinl)er s . 
December 10 
December 12 
December 15 
Decemlx^r 16 
December 18 
Deceml)er 19 
December 20 . 
December 23 
December 24 
December 26 . 
December 27 



I 



. .do 

.do 

do 

do 

.-«!(» 

..do 

do 

.do 

..do 

.-do 

..do 

-do 

. -do 

.-do 

..do 

-do 

.do 



December 39 do 

December 81 . . .do 

i 



17.90 
17.15 
98.00 
91.06 
90.59 
18.60 
17.90 
17.60 
17.00 
17.60 
17.40 
i7.60 
18.56 
18.05 
18.00 
18.10 
18.45 
18.40 
18.50 
20.00 
19.2r> 

18. a5 

18.30 
18.20 
18.00 
17.6.5 
17.50 
18.80 
18.05 
18.05 
17.70 
18.00 
18.10 
18.30 
18.00 
17.70 



See,- 



nnuA OOLOBADO BIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 19 

Daily gage height , in feet, of Colorado River at Yuma^ Ariz, 



D»r. 



a... 
a... 
«... 
n.. 

8... 
«... 



i Jan. 



we. 



17.10 
17.00 
17.00 
17.00 
17.00 
17.00 
17.00 
17.20 
17.20 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.40 
17.60 
17.70 
17.70 
17.70 
17.70 
17.70 
17.70 
17.80 
17.90 
17.«) 
17.90 
17.80 
18.00 
18.00 



Feb. 



18.00 
18.00 
18.00 
17.90 
17.90 
17.80 
17.70 
17.70 
17.60 
17.60 
17.50 
17.60 
17.10 
17.10 
17.20 
17.31) 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.20 
17.10 
17.30 
17.70 
18.00 
18.10 
18.10 
18.10 
18.00 



Mar. 



17.90 
17.90 
lit. 00 
17.90 
17.90 
17.90 
18.10 
18.30 
18.10 
18.10 
18.10 
18.10 
18.20 
18.20 
18.30 
18.40 
18.40 
18.30 
18.30 
18.30 
18.30 
18.30 
18.80 
18.30 
18.30 
18.20 
18.30 
18.30 
18.30 
18.30 
1^.30 



Apr. 



18.20 
18.00 
17.90 
17.90 
17.90 
18.00 
18.00 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.20 
18.10 
18.00 
18.00 
18.00 
18.00 
18.30 
19.30 
19.80 
19.80 
19.80 
19.90 
20.00 
19.80 
19.80 



May. ; Juno. 



I 



20.00 
20.70 
20.80 
20.60 
20.30 
20.30 
20.40 
20.60 
30.30 
20.60 
32.00 
22.80 
33.30 
22.80 
22.90 
23.20 
23.50 
2:^.70 
24.10 
24.30 
34.30 
24.40 
34.41) 
24.40 
34.40 
34.60 
34.30 
34.00 
33.50 
23.00 
23.70 



I 22.30 
I 22.20 
I 22.20 
22.70 
38.10 
38.10 
38.60 
33.70 
34.00 
34.80 
34.30 
34.30 
34.30 
34.00 
33.80 
33.90 
33.70 
33.80 
33.70 
2:). 00 
33.50 
33.50 
33.30 
33.10 

33.70 
SS.60 
22.50 
22.30 
I 23.20 



July. 



22.00 
21.70 
31.60 
21.80 
21.10 
20.80 
20.70 
20.60 
20.40 
20.30 
20.30 
20.60 
20.60 
20.30 
30.10 
30.00 
20.31) 
19.HJJ 
19.80 
19.70 
19.50 
19.40 
19. ») 
19.40 
19.10 
19.30 
19.00 
18.80 
18.50 
18.40 
18.30 



Aug. 



Sept. 



18.40 

18.80 

18.30 

18.80 

18.10 

18.00 

17.90 

17.80 

17.80 

17.80 

17.70 

17.70 

17.6r> 

17.00 

17.50 

17.40 

17. 3f) 

■ 17.30 

\ 17.10 

17.00 

i 17. 8J) 

I 18.50 

; 18.30 

I 17.90 

I 17.80 

\ 18. OJ) 

i 17.90 

1 17.70 

1 17.30 

\ 17.20 

j 17.30 



I 



Oct. 



17.60 
17.30 
17.00 
18.00 
18.80 
18.30 
18.00 
17.60 
17.60 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.:«> 
17.30 
17.30 
17. 7J) 
17.50 
17.30 
17.30 
17.00 
Irt.HO 
16.80 
16.90 
17.10 
16.80 I 



16.70 
16.60 
17.50 
19.40 



18.90 
18.60 
18.40 
18.60 
18.30 
18.10 
18.00 
18.10 
IH.IO 
18. 10 
18.50 
18.30 
18. (M) 
17.80 
17. W 
17.60 
17.60 
17.40 
17.60 
17.6(1 
17.40 
17.40 
17. 3r) 
17.30 

17.:*) 

17.30 
17.30 
17.30 
17.20 
17.30 
17.30 



Nov. 



Dec. 



I 17 



17.40 

17.30 

17.30 

17.30 

17.30 

17.30 

17.20 

17.30 

17.30 

17.30 

17.30 

17.40 

17.50 

18. (H) 

1H.50 I 

18. (M) I 

I7.m I 

18.10 I 

18. 10 I 

IS. 1(1 ! 

18. (M) I 

18.10 I 

18. 10 ' 

18.40 

IK. 50 

18.40 

18.50 

18.50 

18.50 

18.30 



80.00 
19.60 
19.30 
19.00 
18.90 
18.60 
18.40 
18.30 
1H.;« 
IK. 20 
18.10 
18. (M) 
IH. 10 
17.70 
17.60 
17.50 
17.70 
18.:«) 
IH.IO 
18.00 
17. 8r) 
17.80 
17.80 
18. rt) 
18.30 
18.10 

18.:*) 

18.30 
18.00 
17.80 
17.70 



I 



Rating table for Colorado Rii'er at Yumn, Ariz., for 1902, 



h^STt. 


Discharge. 


heigl^. 


Discharge. 


he^^. 


Discharge. 


Gasre 
height. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


8eco7td-fe^t. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second -feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


16.5 


3,030 


18.2 


4,920 


20.4 


13,800 


22.6 


33,400 


16.6 


3,050 


18.4 


5,340 


20.6 


15,200 


22.8 


35,800 


16.7 


3,080 


18.6 


5,790 


20.8 


16,600 


23.0 


38, 200 


16.8 


3,120 


18.8 


6,310 


21.0 


18,200 


23.2 


40, 800 


16.9 


3,170 


19.0 


6,910 


21.2 


19,800 


23.4 


43,400 


17.0 


3,230 


19.2 


7,590 


21.4 


21,500 


23.6 


46,100 


17.2 


3,380 


19.4 


8,360 


21.6 


23,800 


23.8 


48,900 


17.4 


3,580 


19.6 


9,300 


21.8 


25, 100 


24.0 


51,700 


17.6 


3,850 


19.8 


10,3(M) 


22.0 


27,000 


24.2 


54,700 


17.8 


4.160 


20.0 


11,400 


22.2 


29,000 


24.4 


57,700 


18.0 


4,520 


20.2 


12,600 


22.4 


31,200 











30 



ttTKZJ&V MEA?^rXniI3T^ TX IWC FA«T IV. 
JMv'fliMf'^ mf.^tttiJf *iHJtri»^r^ <»f < '?«2rin»^« Rmr <d Tmwita^ Ariz. 



[!«>. J 





Z^^sur, 


Pf zx wwrmcr-iwn. 


Trttlix 


Bvn-off 


X'^X. 


IfmiTaL 


X'^i. 




DeptHia 
izkcbcA. 


ISiriS. 














Janoarr 


4..W* 


?.»' 


Z.7T: 


23».1«4 


0.«17 


0.030 


FdtinimrT 


4.T3i' 


3.^*« 


3.StV. 


21*.«50 


.OlS 


.019 


Man* 


->.:^« 


4.-^> 


4,Siii5 


*0.474 


.022 


,(IS5 


Aprfl 


11.4-*« 


4,::M<t 


f.l?» 


3^7, <r« 


.027 


.090 


ifay 


!*.:>•> 


ll-4<f» 


35.S«1 


2.211. 156 


.160 ; 


.184 


Jane.. 


.j«.-fc«» 


2>.(W 


42.5d(» 


2.5.^M15 


.1S9 


.211 


July 


?:.<•«• 


5. l.^> 


12.5*: 


770.255 


.056 


.08$ 


AoKoift .. 


5,.j«»> 


3.5^> 


4.1S3 


357.203 


.019 


.028 


HntemliW 


K:i^3 


3.a>« 


3,M9 


227.246 


.017 ' 


.019 


Ortr>tj<yr . . 


6.6iji> 


3. 14-1 


4.2S« 


264.:{35 


.019 i 


.023 


JktrfeukkitfT . 


5. 740 


3.140 


4.1*7 


249.144 


.019 : 


.021 


Dectauliffr . . 


12.CIBI 


3.5fiPii 


5. 412 


3J2,771 


.024 


.028 


TIm? yvsuc . . 


».200 


3,«>50 


10.973 


7.960,1S9 


.(m 


.600 



COI>iRAI>o KIVER AT BULL-S HEAI>, ARIZ, 

A jrajrin;: Malioii was «.*stablishe<l at a p<»int <»f nx-ks on Colorado 
Kjv<rr. known as \ho Iiull> II*^a<l. by E. T. JN-rkins. en^in«M.M*. The 
htfition \^ »»itijat>'d al th«* I>ull> IL-ad. So niil<*s north of Xeeilh^s, C'al., 
and is a''''<r'»hihh* only by wa;j:on rr»ad iij» the Arizona side of tho river. 
A 'fabh' wa** stret'rh'-*! across the river at tliis |xiint on DeeemlM»r 1, 
I'.f^rJ. T. M. \Vhe<Jbw', hydrojrrapliic aid, was assigne<l as observer. 
II<' n-^id^-'l at. the <'ntrineerin^ camp, whirli ha<l headquarters at this 

The nvf'V was measured witli a Pri(M» eh'<*tn(*-ourn'nt meter three 
t'iiit***-, a wf'i'k, and nxl n*adin^s were takni dairy. Mr. WluHibe<* is 
l>«diev<'d to \h' a n-liable and aceurato o!»sorvor. T!ie equipment eon- 
hjhl<'d of a ljv<--ei;(hths-inch cable and a irairinir rar and tag wire. The 
htation was niaintaine<i as lon^ as the (Mi^iniM'rin*^^ eamp remained at 
the I'hHIs Jb*ad,and th<*n the mat<'rial was removed and stored at the 
Ni'wlJes, with the exeeption of tlio ^atre inkI. 

Tlie |<a;r<' is an inclin<'d wooden rod divided into tenths of a foot. 
It is well painted and is fasten(*d to tlu» left rock bank of tlie river. 
A bron/e beneh-mark tabh't is S(*t on the Arizona side in the rock 
about JO feet above low-watermark and about r)() t'eet downstream 
from tin; gage lod. Tlie elevation of the bench mark is 53U.5l*3 feet 



GOLOBADO BIVER DBAINAGE BASIN. 



21 



libove sea level and the zero of the rod equals an elevation of 400.902 
[feet. The initial point for soundings is the left bank. The river 
Icbuiiiel is straight for about 1,000 feet above and 500 feel below the 
{nble station and the current is rather swiff. The banks are high 
[ind rocky, but the channel of the river is shifting silt. A determina- 
jtionwas made of the value of "n" at this gaging station. It was 
I found that "n" equaled 0.010. 

Discharge measurements of Colorado Riifer at Bulls Head, 



Date. 



1902. 



Hydroifrapher 



J. T. Whistler. 



Docember 5 

December 10 . I L. M. Barnes. 

December 13 do 

DteoemberlT -.do 

December 20 do 

December 24 do 

December 29 do 

December 31 do ._ 



If 


DiHoharfce. 


Feet. 


St'cond'feet. 


3.00 


5,786 


2. or, 


4,051 


2.45 


3,222 


2.95 


4,1JW 


3. 50 


4,792 


3.23 


4,939 


2.45 


3,366 


2.20 


2,913 



VERDE RIVER NEAR M'DOWELL, ARIZ. 

A number of large irrigation enterprises have been planne<l, designed 
to divert water from the lower stretch of this river to irrigate lands 
north of Pha?>nix, but none has lK»en constructed. The results of 
measurements of this river combined with those of Salt River show 
the amount of water available for the irrigable lands of Phcenix 
Valley. The dam of the Arizona Canal Company is located on Salt 
River immedfately below the mouth of the Verde. The gaging station 
on the Verde is located three-fourths of a mile above its mouth and 30 
miles northeast of Phcenix. It was established April 20, 1897. The 
station is equipped with a cable, car, and tagged wire. The gage 
consists of a 2 by 4 inch inclined rod fastened to posts driven into the 
east bacnk of the river about 4(X) feet below the gaging cable. The 
bench mark is on a cat's-claw tree {Acficia) about 100 feet southeast 
of the old gage, on a Cottonwood tree, which is GO feet below the cable. 
The elevation of the bench mark is 27.02 feet above gage datum. The 
channel of the river is similar to that of Salt River — sandy and liable 
to change during a slight rise, an<l a large number of measurements 
are necessary in order to accurately determine the discharge. 



its dtRtfAM icxASuttOciam lit iiMk ^Os* tr. t> 



mS& 



DiKhi 



1M8. 



J«miAr7 4... 
January 11.. 
Jamaary 19 . . 
JannaiydS.. 
JamiaiyST.. 
Febomazyl. . 
FebamazyS.. 
Febmaiyld. 
FebomazySS. 

Mtfchl 

March 8v 

March 15.... 

MaiGhdd 

MazohM.... 
March 90.... 

Aprill 

AiHc£L6 

AprflS 

April 10 

Aprill5 

April 19 

JtdyU 

July 19 

Jtay26 



J. Fred Appleby. 
do 



do 

.....do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

W. Bichins 

do 

do 

-..-do 

do 

.....do 

do 

do 

do _ 

do ._ 

do _. 

Frank P. Trott. 

do 

do 



5.88 
5.86 
5.98 
5.85 
5.41 
5.46 
5.86 
5.88 
5.81 
5.40 
5.40 
5.41 
5.85 
5. 48 
5.50 
5.86 
6.88 
5.48 
5.60 
5.20 
5.10 
4.47 
4.58 
5.00 



COLOBADO RIVER DRAmAGE BASIN. 



23 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Verde River near McDowell, Ariz, 



'^^^W D»y- 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


July. 


•d, }'^:. 


5.38 
5.84 
5.84 
5.88 
5.88 
5.38 
5.89 
5.36 
5.84 
5.32 
5.8ft 
5.85 
5.88 
5.35 
5.83 
5.29 
5.29 
5.29 
5.29 
5.81 
5.33 
5.33 
5.33 
5.33 
5.86 
5.45 
5.41 
5.38 
5.89 
5.46 
5.4:3 


5.44 
5.43 
5.43 
5.40 
5.89 
5.39 
5.40 
5.34 
5.36 
5.38 
5.86 
5.85 
5.38 
5.38 
5.32 
5.32 
5.31 
5.33 
5.86 
5.:i4 
5.:J2 
5.31 

h.m 

5.32 
5.37 
5.42 
5.39 
5.36 


5.40 
5.42 
5.42 
5.43 
5.44 
5.42 
5.40 
5.40 
5.8r 
5.40 
5.40 
5.47 
5.43 
5.42 
5.41 
5.41 
5.41 
5.41 
5.41 
5.40 
8.:i9 
5.35 


5.93 
5.93 
5.68 
5.63 
5.51 




jl Jl 




*f 1 




M 1 




Mm 1 




m . 


5.42 
5.« 
5.55 
5.49 
5.42 
5.39 




m * 




'■ 1 




M n.... 




■ n. 


I tt. 




1 BL 






1 u. 


5.27 
5.20 
5.17 
5.15 
5.11 
5.10 




' IS 




M. 

17 

18. 

»- 

». 












a 






a 






a 




4.90 


8L 


5.35 
5.40 
5.52 
5.47 
5.49 
5.49 




4.85 


a. . . . 




7.44 


a 




5.00 


» 






a 






a 






30 








31 




5.42 


1 











SALT RIVER AT M'DOWELL, ARIZ. 

Irrigation is practiced to a small extent on Salt River in what is 
known as Tonto Valley, but shortly after Tonto Creek joins it the 
river enters a canyon and continues in it until a short distance above 
the mouth of Verde River. At this point the river reappears from 
its canyon, and its course is thence across the Plains district until it 
enters Gila River at the northwest corner of Gila River Indian Reser- 
vation. From the mouth of Verde River down to Gila River a num- 
ber of large canals divert the water of Salt River and serve the 
extensively irrigated lands in the vicinity of Phoenix on the north side 
and Mesa on the south side of the river. During ordinary seasons all 
of the water of Salt River is diverted, and at the present time there 
is a shortage in the summer months. The gaging station, established 
April 20, 1897, is located 4,000 feet above the mouth of the Verde 
and 30 miles northeast of Phoenix. The gage consists of a 2 by G inch 
scantling bolted to rocks on the south side of the river about 300 
feet above the cable. The bench mark is a nail in a palo verde tree 



34 



STREAM MEA9UBKIVKT8 IK 190^, PABT IV. 



about 76 feet west of the north oable anchorage and is 17.83 feet 
gage sero The bed of the river is sandy and shifting, and it is 
sary to make a large number of measurements in order to obt 
accurate estimate of the discharge. 

The station was temporarily discontinued daring 1900, but mc 
ments were resumed in 1901. 

JH9eharge meaturemenU of 8aU River at MeDowtUy Ariz. 




January 11 do 

JanuarylO do 

JanuarySS I do 

Januarys? do 

February 1 do 

Febmary 8 do 

I 
February 16 do 

February22 do 

March 1 do 

MarchS W. RichinB. 

March 15 , do 

March22 do 

March 20 do 

March29 .. .do 

April 1 ; <lo 

April 5 - I do 

April 8 - --' do 

April 10 ' do 

April 15 do 

April 19.. I do 

July 14 .! F. P. Trott 

Jnly 19 i do .. 

December 24 _ \ W. Riehins 



1 OOLOBADO BIVEB DBAINAGE BASIN. 25 

Daily gage height^ in feet, of Salt River at McDowell, Ariz. , for 1902, 



Day. 


j«.. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


Day. 


Jan. 

0.82 
.82 
.81 
.83 
.83 
.83 
.83 

.as 

.85 
1.02 
1.08 
l.(B 

.98 
1.06 
1.03 


Feb. 

0.91 
.90 
.90 
.89 
.89 
.89 
.89 
.89 
.90 
.93 
.93 
.96 


Mar. j Apr. 


I 


0.79 
.79 
.79 
.83 
.82 
.81 
.83 
.81 
.80 
.81 
.78 
.77 
.81 
.81 
.81 
.81 


0.99 
.97 
.94 
.91 
.90 
.92 
.93 
.92 
.92 
.91 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.90 
.91 


0.96 
.96 
.94 
.98 
92 
.92 
.92 
.91 
.89 
.91 
.88 
.87 
.87 
.87 
.87 
.88 


0.91 

.91 

.91 

.98 

.99 

1.08 

1.07 

1.14 

1.28 

1.37 

1.40 

1.40 

1.35 

1.30 

1.24 

1.21 


17 


(».88 ' 1.19 


I 


13 


88 ' 1 14 


1 


19 


.85 1 12 


4 


20 


.86 1 


I 


21 


.861 . . 


i 


22 


.85 ! 




23 


.89 i 


% 


' 34. 


.92 


$ 


' 25 


l.CM 


M. 


26 


1.01 ! . 


U. 


27 

; 28 


1 

1.00 ' 


11. 


.99! 





1 29 


.96! ■"...: 


M.... 


1 30 . 


1 
93 ' 


B..... 


31 


.90 1 


]( 








1 



Estimated monthly discharge of Salt River at McDowell, Ariz, 
[Drainagre area, 6,260 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

January 

February ... 

March 

April 1 to 19_ 



Discharge in second-feet. 



ICaximiun. 



250 
231 
250 



Ifinimum. 



137 
193 
174 



Mean. 



176 

198 
197 

287 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



10,816 
11,020 
12,131 
10,816 



Rnn-off. 



Sc»cond-feet!j3 ^j^. 



0.028 
.032 
.031 
.046 



0.032 
.033 
.036 
.032 



SALT RIVER AT RESERVOIR SITE, NEAR LIVINGSTONE, ARIZ. 

The Station, established February 7, 1001, by II. G. Ileisler, is 
15 miles west of Livingstone, Ariz. The rod is on the left bank of 
the river at the upper end of tlu* ^orge. Gagings are made from a 
traveling car suspended from a cable. 



? 



fiTRKAM MEABimEMENTB IN iWl^ PART IV. 



[m 



pimiharge nttOMurmimiU <>/ Salt River at n^mrvoir ttii^ imsoj* Living»tvfnt, A 



I* 



B«te. 



Hydrognkphcir. 






I>i»:1iA 



to 






■ -••*'## •»--i 



^ 1903. 

tTannary 4 . . 

January 8 

January U,.,.. 
Janijary 14 
January 17 
Janoai y 20 . 

Jannaty 24 . 

January 27 
January 31 . 
F*^bmary 4 . 

February 7 , , - , - . 

February 11, .^^^_ 

Feliriiary 14 .,_ 

Febmary 18. ^,-... 

February 31 , ..-..., 

February 25-*_,..-_* 

February 36.-..^-.,^ 

March 4. ,. ..... 

March 7., ..., 

March M_ .. 

March 14-. __. , 

March 1» .__.-. 

March t*l_.._.. 

March 25.,,^. 

March 28 -.-,.^ --.- 

April 4-^ ,«.«•. ...««<.^^ »- ^ 

April 7-. «.„„—.,...... 

A^ia._.,. ...... 

April 14- ....-._-.. 

April la..,--..-,.,-...^... 

April 21, .._.„. .„.,„:_. 

April 35 _„^, _^,,,, ,^,,^,, 

April 30.. J,. ,. *.... 

Mays,.. _ 

Mftf8„... .. ... 

M^ia 

May 15. _..,« ^..^vr*****-* •-• 

May 19,,... 

May^ ...._ 



W. Richins....« 
ao ........ 

an......... 

do 

„,..do .-..,.-, 

do .... 

do .,-. 

Osbnm Ricbius. 

do .....,,,, 



^ ^do , 

do. 

...-do. 

.....do. 

__ _do, 

do. 

do , 

.-...do- 
.....do . 
.....do . 

do. 

,...,do, 

do , 

....,do . 
....,do . 
.. .-do. 
...,,do, 
. . -do. 
.,,,.do, 
. - -do 
.....do. 
.....do 

do. 

.....do. 
... -do 
.....do. 
.,...ao. 
do. 



'■'«•%«' *-T 



7,00 
6.08 
7.08 
7.01 
7.03 
7. Of 
7.1^ 
7. IS 
7,09 
7.10 
7.00 
7.10 
7.0» 
7.00 
7.10 
7.19 
7.18 
7.0fi 
7,13 
7,09 
«*90 

7, SO 

7.17 
7.24 
7,80 
7,51 
7,41 
7.30 
7.23 
7.10 
0,98 
0,89 
0.90 
6,80 
6.80 
7.47 
6,93 



SiCiimf 



OOtOftADO BtVEfi DttAtKAGE BAStN. 



27 



^^1 UUiarge meanaremeni 



ts of Salt ^iver at reservoir site near Livingstone^ Ariz,- 
Ck)ntmned. 



D;to. 



"■j-v I 



1902. 






Hydrograi>her. 



Osbnm Richins . 
do 



Jned _ do 

/me 10 1 do 

Jane 14 do 

toe 26 do 

Jiiiie39 do 

Jiiiie90 do 

July* do 

JnlylS do 

July 18 do . 

jTily28 do 

JnlySl do 

Aiigiist4 do 

Augusts do 

AngQstO do 

August 11 do 

August 18 do 

August 24 do 

September 1 .do 

Septembers do 

September 11 do 

September 18 do 

September 19 .do 

September 20 -do 

OctoberO i ...do 

October 13 do 

October 27 | do 

November 7. . ' do 

November 18 ; do 

November 20 ' do 



November 23. 
December2 .. 
December 18 . 
December 14 . 
December 29 . 



-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
.do 



Oacre 
lelght. 



heigl 



Diflcharge. 



Feet. 


Second-feet. 


7.29 


256 


7.09 


189 


6.89 


148 


6.71 


98 


6.64 


91 


6.4« 


91 


6.45 


86 


6.58 


.70 


6.41 


80 


6.35 


69 


6.84 


150 


6.65 


106 


6.40 


79 


7.04 


90 


7.59 


373 


7.85 


657 


8.96 


2,401 


7.00 


187 


7.84 


541 


6.91 


125 


8.05 


798 


7.10 


212 


7.00 


178 


8.65 


2,045 


9.30 


3,943 


6.81 


149 


6.80 


147 


6.80 


139 


6.81 


145 


7.55 


478 


6.92 


188 


7.23 


344 


6.90 


191 


8.10 


774 


9.00 


2,477 


7.21 


317 



28 



tiTRICAM MEAftOREMEWTS I^f tWG, I'AHT IV. 



1 



Daily gag^ hrigM, infeet^ of Salt Mivm^at the rattrrvuir Me n^ttr Idvingtiimm 



I 



DiLy, 



a. 

4, 

e, 

T. 

«. 

n 

!«„.-., 

a, 

iL 

u. 

»..-.. 

tf. 

ffi. 

ML 

at-.,.-, 

HL 

m 

m - 

m. 

31 



JTiui. 



«.«8 

7.01 

i.oe 
J An 

7,01 
7.1»1 
7. (XI 
7.CIJ 
R.9U 

7.m 
7,oa 

7.04 
7.01 
7.08 
7.01 
7.01 
7.*lfi 
T.*« 

-.(« 
7.fl« 
7Jfi 
7.«l 
7.80 
7.1» 
T.ISI 
7-U 
7.U 

7.ta 



PpIi. 



7,l» 

7,lJB 
"HI 
7AV 
7.1(1 
7.10 
7,11 
7.11 
lAX 
7,11 
7.11 
TJ1 I 

rji 
7AX ; 

riri , 

7. 10 i 

t.lOr 



\m 



{ 

7.10 ! 

7.UJ 
7,IH 
TJO 
7Ak 
7.0) 

7.au 

7.1* 



7.19 
7. II 

7.16 

7.ia 

fAH 

j.m 
7. in 

7.m 

7.13 
7.11 
7.05 

ni 

7.n 

7.m 
7,m 
7.i; 

7. HI 

o,«s 

e.in 
n.w 

7.00 
7,17 

7.a} 
T.a> 
7, iw 
7.15 
7. IK 
7AB 
T.Xl 



Apr. 



7.12 
7.1i 
7,19 
7.34 
7.144 
7.S» 

7. as 
7. a 
7.61 
7.51 
7.fi> 
7,i7 
7.47 
7.30 

7. as 
t.ai 
7.:n 
T.ao 

7.JJS 

r.m 

7 lit 

•in 

7.1tt 

7. IB 
7.CW 
B.t»T 



May. Jfnne. 



6.^ 
ii.4« 
6.ft5 

lim 
a»7 

6J<3 

a.«Ji 

ft, HI 
ft. NO 

a.§ri 

A. HI 

7.80 
7JMI 
fl.WT 

ft,«i 

7,m 

7.111 

7, as 

7.8H 

7. a* 

7.li* 
M4 



Jiay. 



7. in 
T.es 

Q.tHii 

ii»i 

0.S7 
fkJS 
5.WJ 

o.«j 
e.n 
e.on 

an4 

O.ftO 
A.M 

lis* 

B.5) 
IV 4tt 
iKilt 
ft.iti 
04<j 
ft,4f* 

fl.l4 



e.44 

(t.43 

•|a4£ 
Unit 

ft. 40 
I i).40 

I ft.sm 

I1.8S 

ft.ie 



Anjr. 



aw 

7,23 
ft. #3 
l^.4H 

a. en 

7.SH 
7.M 

7,4:1 I 7,10 



fi.HS 
fi.HO 

7.ao 



aK , 7.W 

» iw 1 7-m 

0.W 



7.11) 1 



ft ai 

5.»1 
3.41 I 
ft.4A 
ft 7S 
ft.tiU 

fkm 

ft.A0 

fi. irr 
fkTU 

n.cH 

0. rjrt 
a 40 



30 aw< 



7.3? 
TJ7 

7.rii 
ft.M 

an 

7.ri 
7, mi 

7.^ 
7,«7 
7/[l 

7.0: 
a. 117 



7.14 

7.11* 
7M 
7.00 
7,7li 
».fiO 

^.¥^ 
O.SS 
IMH 
U.mi 
«.7B 

7. in 
T,:«i 
7JS 



Ckit. 



HewJDiiO., 



7.04 
7,00 

am 

ft. HA 

am 

A.ta 
a»i 
am 
am 
aflo 
a 80 
aM) 

fl.flO I 

a7H I 

att* 
a ill 
aw 

A. Ml 

am 
am 
a«9i) 
aw 
aj^» 
aw 
am 
a so 
am 
a«tL 



A.ai I 
asi I 
ai^ 
am I 
a«i 
a SI 
a Ml 
am 

a^ 
a«i 

i:m 

i.m 

7ja 

r.uo 

7.od| 

a OH 

aw 

ae 

a«, 

7.mi 

7m\ 
7,1s I 

7. in I 

7. re 

ft.flHl I 

avH 
auT] 
atM 



ii,tt 

dM 
«,« 
a« 

ai9 

tm 
i« 

m 

K4l 
T,» 

rst 

l.w 
7 as 

T.# 
7*1 
7.W 

:,« 
ra) 
7.» 
7.a 



Rating table for Salt River at reservoir site near Livingstone, Ariz, y for 190^' 



Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


heigil 


Dischage. 


hei^t 


Discharge. 


heigl^t. 


Diacharg-^ 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second- feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-fee- ^ 


6.2 


33 


7.1 


204 


8.0 


765 


8.9 


2,675 


6.3 


45 


7.2 


236 


8.1 


915 


9.0 


2,925 


6.4 


58 


7.3 


272 


8.2 


1,090 


9.1 


3,175 


6.5 


72 


7.4 


310 


8.3 


1,290 


9.2 


3,425 


6.6 


88 


7.5 


350 


8.4 


1,500 


9.3 


3,675 


6.7 


106 


7.6 


400 


8.5 


1,715 


9.4 


3,925 


6.8 


126 


7.7 


462 


8.6 


1,940 


9.5 


4,175 


6.9 
7.0 


150 
176 


7.8 
7.9 


540 
640 


8.7 
8.8 


2,175 
2,425 















COLORADO RrVTER DRAINAOE BASIN. 



29 



[ EdiwkaUd monthly dUcharge of Salt River at reservoir site near Livingstone^ 

Ariz, 

[Drainage area, 5J56 squaro milott.] 



Month. 



1902. 

Jnoary 

Fehnuuy . . . 

Mwch 

ipril 

% 

/ime 

/ttly 

August 

September . 

October 

November. . 
I>ecember . . . 



The year . 



Diflcharge in Hecond-feet. 



Maximum. 



236 

236 

236 

350 

272 

204 

163 

4,675 

4,425 

190 

431 

2,800 



4,675 



Minimum. 



176 

204 

97 

16:^ 

72 

65 

45 

52 

138 

126 

126 

150 



Mean. 



189 
207 
201 
268 
167 
106 
78 
478 
1,057 
131 
189 
441 



45 



293 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



11,621 

11,496 

12,359 

15,947 

10,268 

6,307 

4,796 

29,391 

62, 896 

8, 055 

11.246 

27,116 



211,498 



Run-off. 



ScH'ond-foet 

per Miuare 

mile. 



0. (KW 
.036 

.0:i5 
.047 
.029 
.018 
.014 
. 083 
.184 
.023 
. 033 
.077 



.051 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.038 
.037 
.040 
.052 
.033 
.020 
.016 
.096 
.205 
.027 
.037 
.089 



.690 



TONTO CREEK NEAR LIVINCiSTONE, ARIZ. 

The station, established April 1, 1001, by II. G. Ileisler, is 15 miles 
▼est of Livingstone, Ariz. It is about half a mile above the mouth. 
The gage is a vertical rod nailed to a cliff of cemented gravel on the 
left bank. 



80 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. [: 

Discharge niedsurenwiiH of Tonto Creek near Liviiifjstone, Ariz, 



Date. 



Hydrogrrapher. 



h^ ^^''^ 



1902. 



January 4 

January 17 

January 24 

January 27_ - 

February 4 

February 7 

February 11 

February 14 

February 18 

February 21 

February 25 

February 28.. 

March 4 

March? 

Marchll 

March 14 

March 19 : 

March 21 

March 28-. 

April 4 I . . do 

April 7 - - - - I - . . do 

April 14 do 

April 25 do 

...do 
...do 
...do 



W. RichinH 

...do 

...-do 

....do 

O. Richins . 

...do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

...do 

...do 

do 

..do 

...do 

.. -do 

do 

...do 

. .do . ... 
do .... 



May 5 .. 

May 19 

August 6 

August 8 1 do 

August 11 do 

August 24. _. . ..do 

Septeml)er 5 do 

September 19 .do 

November 18 . _ . .do 

November 21 .. .do 

November 23 . . . ' do 

December 18 . .do 

December 14 ...do 

Deceinl'jer 29 do 



Feet. 

2.90 

2.90 i 

2.90 I 

2.95 

2. 95 

2.95 

2.95 

2. 95 

2. 95 

2. 95 

2. 93 

2. 95 

2.94 

2.94 

2.95 

2.91 

2.92 

2.90 

2.91 

2.91 

2.91 

2.91 

2.91 

2.91 

4.()r) 

8. TO 

8. 50 

4. 00 

•1.85 

3.51 

4.70 

8. 90 

4.S2 

8.78 

4.90 

5.80 

8. 20 



1 COLORADO BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 81 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Tonto Creek near Livingstone, Ariz, 



D*r. 



a.. 



I I I , 

Jmn. Feb. Mkt. Apr. MftrJJime. JTiJy, Aq«. B^ikt.j (>et. Not. | Dec. 



£,01 

2111) 

IHO 

i.w 
&w 

£:flO 

£.»} 
f.W 
£.90 

£.fl) 

».«) 

£.fM) 

£,w 

£.IH) 
2M 
£.«5 

ao) 
aim 



£.96 
£.% 

£.Hfi 

£.U6 
2.196 

£.9a 

£,SG 



3.»& 
S^M ! 

&« ! 

£lM I 
£.» I 

t£.m . 

S.BG ; 

£.efi| 
«,a5' 

±U 
I^M 

£.90 
2.90 

;i.flo 

£.110 
£.98 
£.01 

IBI 
£.91 
£91 
£.91 



£.01 
£,fil 
£.01 

191 
tM 
£.01 
£.91 

£.91 
£,01 
£.01 
£.01 
£.91 
191 
101 
101 
£.01 
£.91 
10] 
101 
101 
£.01 
£.01 
101 
£.01 
£.01 
£.01 
101 
101 
£.01 
101 



S.91 

l&l , 

£.01 

a.91 

101 

101 

^01 

£.01 

3.01 

s.ni 

«.0l 

-^^ 
K.01 ■ 
2,B1 ; 
£.01 > 
2.0L 
a. 01 ; 

3.01 ; 
».Hi ; 
lOH : 
in& 
a.(K 

£.9() 

£.9n : 

£.9D ' 

lou 

lOil 
£.90 
lOil 
!!.UIJ 
£.90 



K.00 

lOf^ 

£.orj 

£.90 

1») 

£.00 
£.90 
190 
190 
IV) 
i£.gO 
190 
19tJ 
190 
100 
1»1 
UNI 
191^ 
f.OO 
lOi^ 
190 
£.00 
100 
£,0I» 
£^fl0 
1«> 



ion 

£.»n 
f.m 
2.m 

190 
100 

lOA 
£.00 
£.0i» 
100 
100 
100 
11*1 

10i» 
£.00 
IBO 
IPO 

t.m 

£.QU 

£.yi) 

190 



ia» 100 






190 
190 
190 
190 



I 



100 
100 

xu 

:iOi» 

4.3&« ' 

i.in ' 

4.80 : 

IW) ^ 

4.9^1 
4.'hH 
;i.Tfi 

xa* : 
3.<n I 
i^ift I 
iflft ' 

IIV) 
190 
£.90 
100 
190 
4. 10 
3.90 
3. OH 

a, an 

3.10 
100 
104 
101 



x.9r» J 
ior» 

100 
190 
190 
100 
£.04 
lOci 
190 
100 
3.1« 



195 



I 

loei ! 

100 ' 

:i 10 I 
111) 

4.W 

.V 10 , 

i.riS i 
^.oi» ! 

3.^ ' 

3.10 I 
10& I 

iflB ; 

19[} '• 

I 



190 
190 
190 
£.90 
19l> 
£.00 
100 

lOT) 

iur» 

100 
£.90 
£.90 
191) 
£.H0 
190 
190 
:! W) 

lot) 

190 
190 
190 
100 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 
lOil 
£.90 
100 



100 

ior> 

£,Olh 
191^ 
190 

3!.0ii 
IWI 
19IJ 
lliJ 
190 
3.31 
3. 57 : 

^.sm I 

3.10 

3.<rT 
1^ 

IM 
1Q£ 
IMS 
4.70 
4.gH 
3.68 

a4» 
a44 

».3(» 
a£9 

a£f 

3.1Q 



3L10 
3110 
3.10 

3.05 
3.00 
19S 
19B 

loe 

193 
19» 

fi.BO 
4.llfi 

4.10 
9.90 

n^m 

4. £5 
4.10 
3.78 

!L35 
».9^ 
3l£4 

3.18 
3.19 
a 3D 
Jt.lO 
SLUO 



32 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. [n^ 

Estimated monthly diHcharge of Tonto Creek near Litnngstone^ Ariz. 
[Drainage area, l,()ao Hqtiare milets.] 



DiM'harge in necond-fc^t. 



Month. 



1902. 

January 8. 

February . . 4. 

March , 2. 8 

April 2.6 

May IIO.O 

June 2.4 

July I 1,708.0 

August I 1,158.0 

September | 1,808.0 

October \ 2.4 

November 1 , 008. 

December, 1,408.0 



Maximum. 



Minimum. 



2.7 
2.5 
2.8 
2.6 
2.4 
2.4 
2.4 
2.4 
2.4 
2.4 
2.4 
2.0 



Mean. 



Totalln 
acre-feet. 



Second-feet 

per square 

mue. 



8.3 
3.0 
2.6 
2.6 
6.3 
2.4 

42.2 ; 

148.7 I 

188.8 I 
2.4 1 

98.8 ' 

188.4 



300 

168 

159 

152 

387 

146 

2,597 

8,887 

8,258 

151 

5,588 

11,582 



Rtm-off. 



0.003 
.003 
.002 
.002 
.006 
.002 
.041 I 
. 139 I 
.134 I 
.002 I 
.091 1 
. 182 



De^ 



The year . 



1,708.0 



2.8 



88, 220 



. 051 



NoTK.— Tb(» diiily diH<.'hiirgo.s wtTo obtuinod l>y iiit*'nx)lati(»n fnuii tho niecisurements. 
(ilLA KIVKK AT SAN CARLOS, ARIZ. 

The ^iMKM-al charcic^tcn- of llic country tliroii^h wliich (Tila li 
flows is ri lii^li and rolling plateau, witli tlic river flowing tlircKi: 
in a (liM'p canyon, and with ])raclically no agricultural lands wi 
its area. The riv(M- emerges from its upper canyon al)Out lo i 
before it rc^aelies tlie .Vrizona line, and thence flows through a Vi 
of considerable width, known as Duncan A'allcy, until just l)ef( 
receives tin* waters of San Francisco River. Duncan A^alley in w 
anumbcM'or ditches divert water for irrigation i)nrp()ses was desci 
at length in the Twenty-lirst Annual Kcpoi't. 

Gila Kiver is in canyon for al)out l^O niih^s below the mouth ol 
San Francisco, or to within 10 miles of Solomonsville. At this | 
the hills separat(% forming a large valley which has Ixmmi ext<Misi 
settled and is now one of the finest ii-rigated i)oi'tions of the T 
tory. This valley (extends from a i)oint 10 miles above Solomons 
to miles ])elow the mouth of San Carlos l^ivei- on the White M 
tain Indian Reservation. At this lattei* i)lace the mountains 
denly close in again and tlu^ river enters anothei- canyon. S 
miles below the Indian agency at San Cai'los the canyon boxes 
width of 100 feet, and at this i)oiut is located the San Carlos dam 



nmLl 



COLORADO BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



83 



fWch was studied by the United States Geological Sui^'e}' during 
W, in connection with the investigation of the water supply of 
Gila River. The results of this investigation are published in 
Witer-Supply and Irrigation Pai)er No. 33, entitled Storage of Water 
OB Gib River, Arizona, by J. B. Lippincott. In connection with this 
iBvestigation Cyrus C. Babb, on July 11, 1899, established a station 
on Gila River one-half mile south of the Indian agency at San Carlos 
lod below the mouth of San Carlos Creek. An inclined rod securel}^ 
bstened to posts driven into the bank was erected here. The bench 
■irk is a 20-penny nail in the base of a mesquite tree 5 inches in 
diameter, 85 feet west of the gage rod, at an elevation of 12.«»7 feet 
above gage datum. Discharge measurements are made from a cable 
and ear a short distance above the gage rod. The <*hanriel is straight 
for some distance above and below the station, and the water is com- 
paratively swift. The right bank is high, but the left is low and liable 
to overflow. The bed of the stream is sandy ami shifting. 

JHwharge meoinirenientH of Oila Rirer at San Carlos, Ariz, 



Date. 



1903. 

Jannaiy 21 

January 31 

Fehmary 2H 

March 31 

Do 

April 30 

Do 

August? 

Augagtl5 

August 22 

August 26 

September 1 

September 9 

September 21 _ . ! 
September 26... 

October 15 

November 15 

I>ecemberl4-_. 
December 21 _.. 
l^ecemberSl _.. 



Hydr«>ifrai»ht»r. 



^!iX. IM-'l^'-'fe. 



Stephen JanuH 
do... 



.do . 
.do. 
.do. 
-do- 
-do. 
.do. 
-do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do 



Ffet. 


Stcimd-fc€t. 


1.90 


60 


1.90 


61 


1.70 


27 


(") 


9 


i") 


9 


CO 


5 


{^) 


9 


3.50 


454 


3.20 


738 


2.50 


447 


3.40 


3,118 


2.20 


375 


1.70 


70 


2.30 


4:n 


1.20 


62 


CO 


6 


CO 


12 


3. 40 


2.485 


2.00 


1.315 


2. 20 


305 



IRR 85— 0:3- 



" No water at sragn. 



34 STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Oila Nivfer at San Carlos, Ariz, 



[no 



1. 

2. 
3. 
4. 

6. 
6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
18. 
14. 
15- 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
26. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
31). 
31. 



Day. 



1902. 



Jan. I Feb. Mar. July. 



I 



I 



2 AH) 
2.00 
2.{K) 
3.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 

2. a) 

2.00 
2. (XI 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.03 
l.«^ 
1.90 
1.90 
l.W 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
\.<M) 
\.\*) 
1.9:) 
l.JH) 



1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 I 
1.90 j 
1.90 
1.88 I 
1.85 I 
1.85 ! 
1.83 j 
1.80 j 
1.80 j 
1.80 ' 
1.80 I 
1.80 i 
1.75 ' 

1.70 i 

1.70 
1.70 
1.70 ' 



1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 

i.m 

1.50 
1.50 
1.50 
1.45 
1.46 
1.45 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 



'I" 



2.85 
l.ffS 
1.70 
1.40 
1.45 



uigr. 


Sept. D 


l.w 


2.2f) ._ 


1.50 


2. a) .... 


1.50 


2.10 ... 


1.50 


2.10 .... 


1.50 


2.00 ... 


1.50 


2.00 .... 


2.45 


1.90 .... 


i.a5 


1.80 .. 


i.m 


1.70 . . 


2.10 


1.70 ... 


2.20 


1.71) ... 


2.10 


1.70 ... 


3.35 


l.flO ... 


3.30 


l.Of) 


3.10 


1.60 


2.25 


1.60 


2.40 


i.err 


2.40 


1.60 1 


2. a-) 


1.60 


1.85 


1.60 


1.65 


2. 15 


1.50 


1.45 


1.50 


1.:*) 


3.45 


1.39 


8.a5 


1.20 1 


3.60 


1.211 


2. HO 


1.10 


2.9() 




3. 2;-> 


1 


2.V*) 




L». :«> 





NoTK. No wuU^r at jja^o Mar. '£i to July 21, July 27 t(» :n. < )(t. 1 to !)<'(•. 11. 

Ratiiuj table for diJa Hirer of San Corfns. Ariz., for ItrnJ. 
JANUARY 1 to JULY '.\\. 



Gaj?o 
heij^iit. 



Dis..harKo./,f!iX. :D-->'«^«-I ^^ir. 



l)iM<']iurvr»'. 



Fvvt. Second- ffct. 

1.4 I H 

1.5 1. 
1.0 18 



1.7 
1.8 
1.0 - 



20 

40 
70 



Fcf't. Srrnnl-frrt. 

2.0 ' 115 I 

2.1 ' 190 ' 

2.2 I 2.S.-) ' 

2.:5 1 ;m*) 

2.4 I r,!.-, i 

2.5 040 ' 



Frt't 

2.< 



TSO 

2. : I 055 

2.S I l,l:jO 

2.0 l.:{20 

:\A) 1.540 

111 1.775 



hoi^'ht. 



Fnl. 

:12 

;j.4 
:j.5 



Disi'haiX' 

2.010 
2,245 
2, 4H0 
2,715 



COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



35 



Rating table for Oila River at San Carlos, Ariz,, for y.W:?— Continned. 
AUGUST 1 TO DECEMBER 81. 





Gaffe 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gasre 
height. 


Discharge. 


heiSL\. 


Discharge. 
Sectmd-fert. 


' i 1 

1 Feet. iSetsond-feetl 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


j 1.0 1 3 1 


1.7 


75 


2.4 


520 


3.1 


1,775 


1.1 1 6 [ 


1.8 


108 


2.5 


640 


3.2 


2,010 


1.2 


11 


1.9 


150 


2.6 


780 


3.3 


2,245 


U 


17 


2.0 


200 


2.7 


955 


3.4 


2,480 


1.4 


25 


2.1 


260 


2.8 


1,130 


3.5 


2,715 


1.5 


35 


2.2 


334 


2.9 


1,320 


3.6 


2,950 


1.6 


50 


2.3 


420 


3.0 


1.540 




_^ 


! 



Estimated monthly discharge of Oila River at San Carlos, Ariz. 
[Drainage area, 13,4fi6 square miles.] 





Discharge in second-feet. 


TotaWn 
acre-teet. 


Run-off. 


Month. 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


Second-feet 

per square 

mUe. 


Depth In 
inches. 


1902. 
January ..- 


152 
70 


70 
26 


99.51 

55.43 

«15.60 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 

all8.50 

792.00 

al08.70 

(«) 

(«) 


6,118.6 

3,078.4 

625.5 


0.0074 
.0041 


0.0085 


PebmftTy 


.004,^ 


March 1-20 


.0011 .00082 


April 








May 










June 










Jnly22-26 


'"*■" ■ " — 




1,308.5 

48,698.0 

5,821.3 


.0089 1 .0017 


August 


8,067 


3 


.0588 .0670 


September 1-27. ... 


.0080 ! .0080 


October 






• 


November 








1 


I>ecember 14-31 






«961.00 


34,286.1 


.0714 0480 




1 







oFor these portions of the year there was no water at the gage. 
ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, COLO. 

The stiitioQ was first established June 20, 1895, and has been main- 
tained during the greater part of each year since. 

The original gage was located at the old wagon bridge one-quarter 
of a mile west of the railroad station at Durango, and about 200 feet 
above the Rio Grande Southern Railroad bridge. It was spiked to the 
^estsideof the south end of the middle pier of the wagon bridge. 
The head of a bolt at the east abutment of the railroad bridge is 17.24 
^^t above gage datum. During the early part of 1891) the old wagon 



86 



8TEBA1C ICEASUBEIfENTS IN 1902, PABT IV. 



[« 



bridge was removed and a new one erected a short distance be! 
April ly 1899, on the central pier of this bridge a new rod, which 
vertical piece of timber graduated to feet and tenths, was fastei 
The bench marks are three horizontal strips, opposite the 10-, 
and 16.7-foot marks of the rod, respectively. Owing to this cha 
in location and height of the rod there is no apparent relation hetvi 
the rating tables before 1899 and the rating table for 1899 and af 
On June 25, 1900, the gage was referred to a new bench mark— a p 
chiseled on the lower side of the left-hand abntment of the bri 
16,84 feet above the zero of the rod. Lightner Creek enters the r! 
from ihe right about 100 feet below the bridge. The channel at 
station is straight, the bed is of gravel and bowlders, and the ba 
are sufficiently high that there is little danger of overflow, 
observer is C. G. Graden, of Durango. 

The following discharge measurements were made during 190i 
A. L. Fellows: 

March 80: Gage height 6.15 feet; dieoharge, 148 eeoond-feet 
July 12: Gage height 6.72 feet; diaoharge, 802 eeoond-feet 



Daiip gage height, in feet, of Anitnae Biver at Durango^ Colo. 





D»y. 


Apr. 


1 


1908. 


6.10 


8 


6.10 


8 


6.10 


4 


6.2U 


6 


6.40 


6 


6.60 


7 


6.60 


8 


6.60 


9 


6.70 


10 


6.90 


11 


6.90 


18 


• 


7.00 


18 


6.90 


14 


6.90 


15 


6.80 


16 . . 


6.80 


17 ' 


7.10 


18 


7.00 


19 


7.20 


80 


7.60 


21 


7.50 


2S 




7.40 


28 




7.60 


24 .. . 




7.00 


26 




7.00 


2ft 




6.90 


27 




7.10 


2K 




7.80 


20 




7.70 


80 




8.80 


31 






/ 



ifcy. 



June. 



9.10 

8.80 

8.00 

9.20 

K.90 

8.80 

8.60 

8.90 

8.80 

8.60 

8.50 

8.50 

8.40 

8.40 

8.00 

7.90 

7.90 I 

7.80 : 

7.70 ! 

7.50 j 

7..30 

7.80 I 

7.21) 

7.20 

7.10 

7.10 

7.1J0 

7.00 

6.90 

6.90 



July. 



6.80 
6.80 
6.80 
6.80 
6.80 
6.80 
6.80 
6.P0 
6.80 
6.80 
6.70 
6.70 
6.70 
G.QO 
6.60 
6.60 
G.OO 
6.60 
6.60 
6..T0 
6.60 
6.50 
6.50 
0.40 
6.40 
6.40 
6.40 
6.40 
6.4(» 
6.40 
6.40 



Aug. 



t 7^ 



6.40 
6.40 
6.40 
6.30 
6.30 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.20 
6.30 
6.40 
6.40 
6.80 
6.30 
6.30 
6.30 
6.30 
6.30 
6.30 
6.40 
6.90 
7.50 
7.60 
7.40 
7.20 
10 
7.00 
6.80 



Sspt. 



6.80 
6.80 
6.70 
6.70 
6.60 
650 
6.60 
6.60 
6.50 
6.50 
6.50 
6.60 
6.60 
6.60 
6.50 
6.60 
6.40 
6.30 
6.40 
6.40 
7.00 
6.90 
6.70 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
6.80 
6.90 
6.90 



Oct J 



6.90 



7.00 
6.90 
7.00 I 
6.00 

6.50 '; 

6.40 
6.50 I 
6.50 ' 
6.7«) 
6.50 
6.50 
6.50 ' 
6.40 ' 
6.40 
6.60 
6.50 
6.60 
6.60 
6.50 
6.60 j 
6.60 : 
6.50 
6.60 I 
6.60 
6.50 I 
6.60 
6.60 I 
6.50 i 
6.50 
6.50 I 



Isvul] 



COLORADO BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



37 



Rating table for Animas River at Durango, Colo., for J9f)J 



\^ 




Oage 
height. 


■ 
Discharge. 


Oage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


1 
Discharge*, i 


! 
het. 


Second-feet] 


Feet 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet, 


Sectmd-feet . 


1 5.6 


50 1 


6.4 


206 


7.2 


540 


8.0 


1,076 


1 5.7 


63 1 


6.5 


232 


7.3 


597 


8.2 


1,244 


1 5.8 


80 


6.6 


263 


7.4 


655 ; 


8.4 


1,427 


5.9 


100 ' 


6.7 


300 


7.5 


717 


8.6 


1,622 


1 «•« 


120 ! 


6.8 


342 


7.6 


782 ; 


8.8 


1,829 


6.1 


140 1 


6.9 


887 


7.7 


850 : 


9.0 


2,050 


6.2 


160 1 


7.0 


435 


7.8 


922 


9.2 


2, 300 


6.3 


182 


7.1 


486 


7.9 


997 , 


9.4 


2,590 



Estimated tnonthiy dincharge of Aniniiis River at Daramjo, Colo. 
[Drainage area, 812 sqoaro miles.] 



Run-off. 



Month. 



D-pth in 
inrb«*H. 




FLORroA RIVER NflAR DURANGO, COLO. 

During 1899 work was being done on a largo storage project near 

the head of the river, and on this account a gaging station was estab- 

&hed by A. L. Fellows May 19, 1899. It is located at a wagon bridge 

ftt Stewart's ranch, which is about G^ miles east of Durango and is 

'^Bached by driving. The gage rod consists of a vertical 4-inch strip 

''i feet long, graduated to feet and tenths and spiked to the east 

abutment of the bridge. The bench mark was established April 15, 

lt)01, and consists of a spike in an 8-inch cottonwood stump, 50 feet 

^*f)uth from and 5.86 feet above the zero of the rod. Gagings are made 

^t the wagon bridge, except at low water, when they may be made by 

Vrading. Information derived at this i)oint is of importance, as it is 

desired that the excess water of this stream shall be made available 

^y means of storage reservoirs in the upper part of this drainage* 

l>a8in. Much valuable land can be irrigated if this water i» properly 

conserved. The station was discontinued during 1900. The observer 

ia Mrs. Annie Stewart, who lives near by. 



88 



STREAM MEASn 




The faUowiii*t (liweliHi gi* measiireioiint was made in 1902 by A. L 
Fellows : 



J 111)* IL Gag^ hei|;Ul, O.80 fiM>t; dinch&rget 11 Heoond-feeK 

Drtiiif gage height, in/mt^ of Florida Rhier near Duratiga, Cokt^ 



4 



t^r* 



IWBk 



8,. 

la.. 

XT- 



ST.. 
SI.. 



Apr. 



0.00 

.jii 

.j^ 

.90 

.00 

I.(JU 

LIO 

Llfl 

LIA 

1 15 

hm 
hm 

tlm 
i.ih 
hm 
tao 
hm 
hm 
hm 
hm 

L45 
hSS 

hm 
lfi(1 

1.00 
£.(Vi 
8.4£ 



I0(r- 



^4D 

2. in 

ISO 

%m 

hm 
i.M) 
i.n& 

1.^ 
hm 

i.w 

hm 
hm 

l.U 

i.ao 

1.06 

i.gt) 

1.85 
t.TB 



Jmua 



Lm» 

LIZj 

LIO 

hm 

M 

.85 
,75 
,W 
.7n 
,W 
.MO 
.afi 
.MO 
,7S 

.75 
.70 

.aa 

.75 

.m 
.m 



July. 



.«& 

,SMI 
.9U 
.!» 
,»S 
.7S 

.75 
.70 
,71* 
.70 

W 

,70 
.70 

.70 

.70 
.70 
.TO 

.75 
.70 

.m 

.75 
.70 



AQ0. 



0,70 

.aa 
,m 
.m 
«ou 
ou 

.A) 

.» 
.m 

.Ml 

.TO 
-TO 

.fin 

1.01) 
1.75 
1.45 
1.85 
I. SO 
LIS 
!.(» 
LOO 



eepl. fict 



a«5i 
.^ 

.HO 

.m 

.70 I 

.70, 

,70 

.TTJ I 

.70 I 

.A&l 

.30', 

.so; 

JI5 
Mi 

hm\ 

LTD I 
LTS' 
1.40 ^ 
LSS 
LIO 

Lon 
Loa 

1.00 



l« 
im 
m 
j.« 

1.01 

J 

,H) 
,«t 
,«U 
.in 

.v> 

M 
.9> 

.ft 
.» 

M 
M 
M 

J! 

,.* 
.0 
.4 



Rating table for Florida Rivter near Durango, Colo,, for 190g, 



Gage 
height. 


1 
Diflcharge. | 


heiglft. 


Di8 


Feet. 
0.5 


1 
Second-feet. \ 

5 


Feet. 
1.4 


Sect 


.6 


7 


1.5 




.7 


9 


1.6 




.8 


11 


1.7 




.9 


15 


1.8 




1.0 


19 


1.9 




1.1 


24 


2.0 




1.2 


80 


2.1 




1.8 


37 


2.2 





56 
74 
98 
122 
146 
170 
196 



Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Sec*m.d-feet. 


2.3 


248 


2.4 


274 


2.5 


300 


2.6 


326 


2.7 


352 


2.8 


378 


2.9 


404 


8.0 


430 


3.1 


456 



Ga 
heif 



It. 



Feet. 
8.2 
3.8 
3.4 
3.5 
3.6 
3.7 



Dischax^e. 

Second-feet. 
482 
508 
534 
560 
.586 
612 



t.J 



COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



^H Ettimated monthly discharge of Florida River near Durango, Colo. 
^H [Drainage aren, 136 square miles.] 



39 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Month. 



1902. 

^April 

:*Bie 

[Mtf 

lAngnot ... 
Sefytember 
Ortober... 



cimum. 


Minimum. M 


287 


11 


313 


24 


86 


9 


17 


9 


146 


7 


134 


5 


19 


7 



Mean. 



68 
134 
19 
11 
21 
23 
13 



Run-off. 



talin 
>-feet. 


Second-feet 

persguaro 

mile. 


3,749 


0.46 


8,239 


.99 


1,131 


.14 


676 


.08 


1,291 


.15 


1,369 


.17 


799 


.10 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.51 
1.14 
.16 
.09 
.17 
.19 
.12 



LOS PINOS RIVlcR AT IGNACIO, COLO. 

The station was established April 22, 1899, at the request of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the purpose of ascertaining the 
quantity of water available for irrigation along the stream. It is 
located at the wagon bridge at Ignacio, the subageney of the Southern 
Ute Indian Reservation, 2 miles north of the Denver and Rio Grande 
Bailroad station. The rod is a vertical 2 by 4 inch timber, 10 feet 
long, spiked to the bridge, the marks being strips of brass securely 
Daile<l to the i)ost. Bench mark No. 1 is the 8-foot mark on the gage 
rod, which is level with the top of the lower end of a 6 by 8 inch tim- 
ber protruding downstream from the pier on the right-hand side. 
BeDch mark No. 2, placed April 7, is an iron bench-mark post set 30 
feet northwest from the northwest corner of the bridge, its top being 
7.64 feet above the zero of the gage. The observer is John Wesch, 
the clerk at the agency. The banks are low, but not subject to over- 
flow; the bed of the stream is of gravel, but not liable to radical 
change. 



40 



STBBAIC MKASUBEinEHTS IN llNfi, PABT IT. 



The following discharge measnrementB were made daring 1902 l>j^ 
A. L. Fellows: 

. March 37: Gkige height, 8.44 feet; diachargei 87 aeooiid-feet 
July 11: Gkige height, 3.16 feet; diaduurge, 80 eeoond-fBet 



IMht aoae height, in feet, of Lot Pino§ River ailgnaeio, Colo. 




M&r. 









tmw. 



IttH 



%m 


«■** 


t.60 


SLCft 


aao 


s.ai 


%m 


%m 


Km 


8.CA 


t;4& 


ILOU 


3; 4ft 


lL9fti 


aio 


I.«l 


i.ao 


».9 


aao 


ESS 


a. 16 


S;MO 


a.iA 


<-) 


a.% 





Apr. 



3.00 
8; IE 

&« 
a» 

ax 

a» 

aiD 

3. < K I 

t.a) 



Rattng f able for Loh Pino^ flirrr at TgnaHo^ Coio. 




iSS^t. 


Dknharge. 


iS^t. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Discharge 


h^'^t. 


Discharge. 


F^t. 


Seeond-feet. 


Ftet. 


Seeond-feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet, 


Second-feet. 


2.0 


25 


2.9 


259 


8.8 


795 


4.7 


i,a52 


2.1 


82 


8.0 


315 


3.9 


856 


4.8 


1,414 


^.2 


43 


8.1 


875 


4.0 


918 


4.9 


1,476 


3.8 


56 


8.2 


435 


4.1 


980 


5.0 


1,5.38 


2.4 


78 


8.8 


495 


4.2 


1,042 


5.1 


1,600 


2.6 


95 


8.4 


555 


4.3 


1,104 


5.2 


1,662 


2.6 


125 


8.5 


615 


4.4 


1,166 






2.7 


163 


3.6 


675 


4.5 


1,228 






2.8 


208 


3.7 

1 


735 


4.6 


1,290 







Estimated monthly discharge of Los Pinos River at Jgncuno^ Colo, 
[Drainage area, 450 Bqnare miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 
April 

lit ay 

June 1-14 . 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Haximoxn. 



June 1-14 / 



615 
765 



Minimum. 



73 
465 



Mean. 



Total in 
acv feet. 



312 . 



577 I 
Ml 



18,565 
35,478 



Bnn-off. 



Seoond-fcot ru*^*.*, i„ 
nare P®P.*^^ 



per sqna 



inches. 



\ 



0.69 


0.T7 


1.28 


1.48 


.1^ 


^ .^ 



niiLL] 



COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



DOLORES RIVER AT DOLORES, CH)LO. 



41 



This station was established by F. Cogswell in June, 1895. The 
gige is located about one-half mile above the railroad station, at the 
footbridge from which the i j i * ' a h ii r*.^ j ii e n ts o f d scti a rge a lo made. The 
gage is vertical, and is spiked to the crib abutment of the bridge on 
the left bank. Tho l>Gn(?h mark consists of a nail driven into the base 
\}i a cot ion wchk! tree 1 8 f et*t southwest from the gage. This is 1 . 57 feet 
above the 14-foot mark. The locality is especially good for accurate 
measurement, as the bed of the stream is apparently permanent and the 
banks are not liable to overflow at moderate stages. 

The observer is Mary D. Smith. 

The following discharge measurement was made in 1002 by A. L. 
Fellows: 

July 14: Gage height, 3.65 feet: diHcharge. 47 secoiid-feet. 

Iktily gage lieight, in feet, of Dolores River at l^^lorett, Colo. 



Day. 



Apr. ] May. ' June. 



1.... 


KNS. 


2 70 


2 


2.70 


3 


2.W) 


4 


2.90 


5 


8.00 


6 


8.00 


' 


3.10 


» 


3.30 


9 


3.25 


10 


3. 35 


U 


3.4/) 


« '. 


3. 50 


13 


3 50 


U 


8.50 


15... 


3.50 


IS 




8 50 


17 




3 50 


18 




3.(i5 


19... 


3 80 


a... 


4 00 


a 

22.... 


; " ; 


3.95 
3 80 


23 

-4... 




3. 90 
3 15 


23... 




3 80 


23... 




3 (iO 


2?-. 




3.65 
3.75 
4.10 
4.44) 


28 







»-. 




31-. . 





4.60 ; 
4.55 I 
4.45, 
4.25 I 
4.05 ; 
4.05 ' 
4.15 ' 
4. 15 ; 
4. 15 ; 

4.05 ; 

4.05 ■ 
4.10 
3.70 \ 

4.10 ; 
4.15 ; 

4.15 I 
4. 15 , 

8.ft-> : 

3.«0 
3.(J5 \ 
3.ii0 ' 
3.60 i 
3.50 ! 
3.50 I 
3.60 I 
3.70 I 
4.00 ! 
4.05 i 
4.20 ' 

4. or, 

4. 10 



July. I Aujf. Sept. 



3.95 
3.86 
3.75 
3.75 
3.70 
3.70 
8.55 
8.55 
3.50 
3.4,5 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 
8.40 

3.25 : 

3.211 I 
3.20 I 

3.15 ; 

3. (JO I 
3.00 j 
3.(X) \ 
2.ft5 i 
2.90 I 
2.90 ! 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.W) 



2.80 
2.80 
2.85 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 
2.90 j 
2.86 j 
2.80 j 
2.80 j 
2.75 [ 

2.70 ; 

2.70 I 
2.(i0 I 
2.60 ! 
2.60 
2.60 

2.70 ; 

2.70 
2.60 : 
2.60 : 
2.60 
2.60 
2.55 ; 
2.65 ; 
2.60 ' 
2.65 ; 

2.65 ; 
2.60 : 

2.60 ; 
2.60 



I 



2.50 

2.50 

2.50 

2.50 

2.50 

2.50 

2.50 

2.46 

2.40 I 

2.45 I 

2.66 ; 

2.76 I 

2.80 ' 

2.80 

2.80 

2.80 

2.70 

2.70 

2.70 

2.65 

2.60 I 

2.65 i 

2.85 I 

3.25 I 

3.30 I 

3.30 I 

3.15! 

3.(X) I 

3.00 j 

3.00 I 

3.00 



2.80 
2.80 
2.75 
2.70 
2.C5 
2.W) 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.65 
2.60 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 

2.m 

2.60 
2.65 
3.00 
3.15 
2.95 
2.90 
2.90 
2.86 
2.80 
2.75 
2.75 
2.70 



I 



I 



o<t. 



2.60 
2.00 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.55 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.00 
2.00 
2.56 
2.50 
2.50 
2.60 
2a50 
2.50 
2.66 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 



42 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. 



Rating table for Dolores River at Dolores, Colo. , for 190:2, 



heigS. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Second/eet. 


2.4 


20 


2.5 


28 


2.6 


37 


2.7 


51 


2.8 


73 


2.9 


106 



Gage 
height. 



[ Discharge. 


' Gage 
1 height. 


Discharge. ^?|gf, . 


Discha 


j Second-feet. 


' Feet. 


SecoHd/eeti Feet. 


Serond- 


\ 150 


1 3.6 


556 4.2 


1,0 


205 


3.7 


628 ' 4.3 


1,0 


271 


3.8 


700 l| 4.4 


1.1. 


341 


3.9 


773 1 4.5 


l,2i 


412 


4.0 


849 4.6 


1,3 


484 

1 


4.1 


925 

il 





Feet. 
3.0 
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 
3.4 
3.5 



Estimated monthly discharge of Dolores River at Dolores y Colo. 
[Drainage area, ft24 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

April 

May 

Jnne 

Jnly 

August 

SepteTul)er . 
October 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximum. Miniinom. 

I 



1,157 
1,323 

811 
106 

;ui 

237 
37 



51 

484 
106 

28 
20 

2S 
28 



Mean. 



497 

a57 

342 
56 
92 
62 
34 



Total in 
a<*re-feet. 



29,574 
52,695 

20, 350 
3,443 
r>, 657 
3,689 
2.091 



Run-off. 



Second- 
feet pt^r 
square 
mile. 



D*' 
ii 



0.948 
1.635 
. 653 
.107 
.176 
.118 
. 065 



I 



(iUNNISON KIVEK AT WHITEWATER, COlA). 

This station was established by J. E. Field April 10, 1002, at a 
wagon bridge constructed by the Stati^ of Colorado at a point a 
half a mile above the railroad station at Whitewater, on the 1)€ 
and Rio Grande Railroad. During 1S!)5, 1807, and lOOl incom 
series of gage heights were obtained at tliis point, but tlie st^ 
was not regularly established until VM)'2. It was intended that 
station should take the place of the one formerly maintained oi 
Gunnison at Grand Junction. The hitter station was abandonc 
account of inaccuracies tliat could not be overcome. They 
mainly due to tlie fact that high stages of water in Grand 1 
affected the gage rod in tlie (Gunnison, and that the sti'cam bed was 
tially filled with great bowlders, making accurate gagings imi)osh 



COLORADO BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



48 



Discharge measurements of Ounnison River at Whitewater, Colo. 

HydroKrapher. ^j^^ 



D»te. 



1902. 

April 10 

May 26 

July 31 

August 30 

September 20 

IfoTember 1 



J.E. Field 

M.C.Hlnderlider. 

do 

do... 

G.H.Matthes .... 
J.E. Field 



Diflcharge. 



Feet. 
4.60 

6.10 
3.20 
4.60 
3.20 
3.80 



I 



Second-feet, 

«2,176 

3,322 

384 

1,230 

302 

622 



•Sometime daring the spring, between April 10 and May 26, a dam was placed across the river 
about U miles below the gaging station, which affected the gage heights at the bridge where 
W« is located. In the latter part of the summer part of the dam went out, thereby again 
cbuging the readings of gage rod. No definite conclusions could be arrived at as to the extent 
to vbich the river surface at gaffe rod was affected by the construction and later breaking of 
the dam. The gaging of April 10 was not used in constructing the rating table. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Ounnison River at Wliitewater, Colo. 



Day. 



I 



Apr. j May. i June. July 



"^ 


3.00 


i 


8.00 


3 


3.00 
8.10 
3.85 
3.35 
8.40 
8.56 


i 


5 


8 


7 

8 


».... 


8.70 


10 


3.75 


11 


8 95 


12... 


4.05 


13 


4.15 


U 


4.35 


15 


4.45 


18 


4.60 


17... 


4 85 


18 


5 10 1 


19 


5 40 


20.... 


5 60 


21 


5.70 
5.85 
5 55 


22.... 


2'.. 


24... 


5 10 


i5.... 


4.85 
4.80 
4.80 
4.80 
5.15 
5.90 


28... 


27... 


9i.., 


2».. 


30.... 


a... 


-____ 





6.3S 
7.35 
7.«0 
8.80 
8.15 
8.00 
8.26 
8.40 
8.25 
8.80 
8.55 
8.75 
8.65 
8.45 
8.25 
8.05 
8.05 
7.85 
7.50 
6.90 
6.40 
6.15 
5.85 
5.70 
5.65 
6.15 
6.90 
8.06 
7.85 
7.70 
7.35 



7.60 

7.50 

7.15 

7.00 

7.00 

6.95 

6.86 

6.80 

6.90 

6.75 

6.60 

6.45 

6.30 

6.40 

6.15 

5.85 i 

5.65 I 

5.55 ; 

5.35 ! 

5.05 I 

5.00 I 

4.90 ! 

4.60 ' 

4.45 

4.35 

4.15! 

4.(M) 

4.00 ; 

3.96 i 

3.80 j 



Aug. 



3.70 

3.75 

8.80 

8.75 

8.70 

8.86 

4.40 

4.15 

8.90 

8.80 

8.70 

3.60 

8.50 

3.40 

3.35 

3.30 

3.60 

3.90 

3.65 

3.50 

3.35 

3.70 

3.85 

3.80 

3.70 

3.60 

3.60 

3.60 

3.70 

3.70 I 

3. .35 ! 



3.20 
8.45 
8.50 
8.50 
8.50 
8.45 
8.40 
8.40 
8.55 
8.70 
8.70 
3.80 
8.80 
3.96 
4.80 
8.95 
3.70 
3.60 
8.65 
3.80 
3.90 
3.80 
3.70 
3.60 
3.75 
3.95 

4. on 

4.25 
4.60 
4.50 



Sept. 



4.46 
4.35 
4.25 
4.00 
8.86 
8.80 
8.70 
8.70 
8.60 
3.60 
8.60 
8.50 
3.50 
3.40 
3.60 
3.60 
3.70 
3.75 
3.60 
3.65 
8.80 
3.90 
3.90 
4.60 
4.90 
4.40 
3.70 
3.70 
3.60 
3.60 



Oct. 



8.60 
8.50 
8.45 
8.40 
3.80 
8.80 
8.45 
8.56 
8.85 
4.00 
4.20 
8.90 
8.65 
3.60 
8.50 
3.50 
8.50 
8.50 
8.50 
8.50 
8.40 
8.40 
3.40 
8.40 
8.40 
8.40 
3.40 
3.65 
8.60 
3.75 
3.80 



44 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. 



Rating table for Gunnison Ru*cr at Whiteteater^ Colo. ^ for 190S. 



height. 


Discharge. 
Second'/eet. 


! 
height. 


Di»(>harge. 
Secoiid-feet. 


height. 


Discharge. 


' hei^t. 

1 


Discha 


Feet. 


1 

j Feet. 


Feet. 


Second'/eet. 


F^t. 


Serond- 


8.0 


260 


4.6 


1,169 


1 6.2 


3,528 


7.8 


8.2: 


3.2 


341 


4.8 


1,359 


6.4 


3,982 


8.0 


9,0( 


3.4 


427 


5.0 


1,571 


6.6 


4,477 


8.2 


9,8: 


3.6 


521 


5.2 


1,815 


6.8 


5,012 


8.4 


10,6! 


3.8 


623 


5.4 


2,091 


1 7.0 


5,587 


8.6 


11, 5J 


4.0 


734 


5.6 


2,399 


7.2 


6,195 


8.8 


12,51 


4.2 


860 


5.8 


2,739 


7.4 


6,838 






4.4 


1,004 


6.0 


3,116. 


I 7.6 


7,515 







EHtinuited monthly dischftrge of Gunnison River at Whiietoater, Colo. 
[Drainage area, 7,86Kaqnaremilee.i 



Month. 



1902. 

April 

May - 

June 

July 

August 

Septemlwr ._ 
October 



Dist'harge in second-feet. 




Run-oflf. 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


M«an. 


Total in 
acre-feet. 


Second-feet j^ 
per^BCjuare , 


2,922 


200 


1,219 


72,535 


0.16 


12,271 


2.4SI 


7,772 


477,885 


.99 1 


7,r)ir> 


62:{ 


:i,*2S4 


195,411 


.42 


1 . 004 


:is:i 


570 


;i5.048 


.07 


IJfiD 


;ui 


()10 


:i7,50T 


.08 


1,4(}1 


4'JT 


GOT 


80, G89 


.08 


H(>() 


as:5 


504 


30, \m) 


.00^ 



(JUXNISON KIVRR AT 1()I..\, COLO. 

The Tola station was established in ^Nlarcli, IIKK), for tlie piirpc 
determining the amount of water availabh> for tlie irrigation pi 
of Uneompahgre VaHey. The rod is at a wagon bridge wliich cr 
the river about a ciuarter of a mile above the Denver and Rio (t1 
Railroad station at lola. It ecnsists ot* a piece of 2-ineh by 4 
timber fastened to the downstn^am side of the second pier ol 
bridge from th<^ south <Mid, the zero of the rod being 7.43 feet I 
the bencli mark — a spike in the base of an old i)ost 40 feet sou 
tlie southern end of \\w bridge, on the west side of the road, 
chief value of the station is wMth reference to determining the an 
of water availabl(> for the proi)osed canal to the Tncompahgre Vi 
although, owing to th(^ fact that a number of sticams enter the 
nison below the sintion, t\w results (>\>\i\\A\vH\ do \\o\ s\\v>\s \\w; 



miLL] 



COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



45 



unoiint available. The channel at this place is wide, and the bed 
beingof gravel and bowlders is not particuUrly susceptible to change. 
The banks, though not high, are not subject to overflow. The ob- 
server, A. Pomel, post master at lola, telegraplis the gage height daily 
to the local forecast official of the Ignited States Weather Bureau at 
Denver, who has it prinf*^!! in iht^ innvnintr papers. 
During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
M.C. Ilinderlidei and A. L. Fellows: 

May 30: Q&ge height, 3.60 feet; discharge, 1,925 second-feet. 
July 19: Gage height, 1.90 feet; discharge, 271 second-feet. 
September 1: Gage height, 2.10 feet; discharge, 400 second-feet. 

Daili/ gage height, in feet ^ of Chinnison RixH'r at lola, Colo, 



1... 
«... 
1.. 
I.. 
5.... 



Day. 



1908. 



Apr. 



9.. 
».. 
U-. 
B... 
13.. 
U... 
15... 
18... 
IT... 
W... 
1»-. 

a... 
a... 



24.. 

».. 
».. 

R.. 

».. 
».. 

3D.. 
31.. 



May. 



Judo. July. 



3.70 

3.eo 

3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.20 
3.30 
3.30 
3.10 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.90 
2.80 
2.70 
2.00 
2.00 
2.50 
2.50 
3.40 
2.30 
2.30 
3.20 
3.10 
2.00 
3.00 
2.00 
3.00 



2.(H) 
2.00 
2.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.30 
3.10 
3.00 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
2.00 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 

1.80 ; 

1.80 j 
1.80 j 
1.80 
1.80 I 
1.80 j 
1.80 I 
1.80 ! 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
1.80 
l.HT) 
1.80 



Aug. 


Sept. 


l.8r) 


3.00 


1.80 


3. a) 


1.80 


3.00 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.8f) 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.8r) 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.90 


1.80 


1.80 


1.80 


1.8r) 


1.90 ; 


1.8<) 


1.90 1 


1.90 


1.80 1 


1.90 


1.80 1 


2.00 


1.80 1 


2.10 


1.80 


3.10 


1.80 


3.10 


1.80 


2.10 


1.80 ; 


2.10 


1.80 ; 


3.10 


1 



(k^t. ! Nov. 



1.80 
1.80 
1.90 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
1.90 
3.00 
2.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
2.00 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1 90 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.0(» 
3.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 

2.m 

2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
X\ .0 



3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
3.00 
3.00 
2.10 
2.10 
2.30 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.20 
2.10 
2.10 
2.20 
2.20 
3.30 
2.10 
2.10 
3.10 
2.20 
2.20 
2. a) 
3.20 



IP 



tBntii 



STREAM MEASnREMENTS f^ Jf)P2, FARt IV. 
Ratuig table for OunniHon Rivm* at lokt, Cnlo^^fitr JW^. 



\m*^ 



iSSSL 


DtBbbftrgc^ 


,s;si. 


DtM^Hvr^, 




I>l»^ti»rffo, 




Diff^Lvge*^ 1 


■sfWf, 


! mmfnd-fiiwt 


Fv^r 


JltWOfHS^^R , 1 


^b«fnuf>^l. 


JVttf. 




il.8 


±21 


2A 


640 


a.o 


l,Sd5 


3.€ 


l,flSS 1 


1.9 


S7l 


2J3 


m 


8.1 


uB^m 


3.7 


2Jtt(l 


S,0 


:^i 


±t 


818^ 


s.a 


1,413 


8.« 


a,aft4 


a I 


P6 


8*7 


010 


3.3 


i,rm 


a.0 


^,m 


2,2 


m 1 


S.» 


1,005 


3,4 


i.em 


4.0 


2,i(ae 


^.H 


^SQS 


3,fi 


um j 


3.5 


1,772 




1 1 



SMtitmtUti munihlji tlineJmryv of (Innni^ion River at Ittla^ C€di^» 

lDxuimin*i arum ii^iSiA ttquuxu miilpwi 



P^tffl^Tlfl^ ^ tgWUdliPBlL 



ToMU 



vtmpmee 

ttlM. 



V 



1908, 

4**^ 

.Aqr 

June 

July 

August 

September . 

October 

November . 



1,906 
9,686 
9,090 
555 
898 
830 
830 
474 



409 
1,006 
880 
221 
221 
221 
221 
330 



769 
1,888 
997 
269 
273 
244 
312 
408 



46,164 

118,016 

59,896 

16,540 
16,786 
14,519 
19, 184 
24,278 



.80 
.48 

.12 
.12 

.11 
.14 
.18 



0.87 
.92 

.48 
.14 
.14 
.12 
.16 
.20 



GRAND RIVER NEAR PALISADES, COLO. 

This station was established April 9, 1902, by John E. Field, at the 
iron wagon bridge across Grand River where the river enters Grand 
Valley about 2 miles above Palisades. The channel at this point is 
deep and rocky, the mountains rising on either side rather abruptly. 
The station is above all irrigating ditches supplying water to the land 
of Grand Valley with the exception of one pumping plant, which 
takes about 20 second-feet of water from the river one-fourth of a 
mile above the station. The river at this point is deep and at high 
water very swift. The right bank is high and precipitous; the left 
bank for a short distance below the bridge is liable to overflow for a 
short distance out during very high w^ter. The bed of the river is 
somewhat changeable, but for a river of this size fairly satisfactory 
results are obtained. The gage consists of a wire cable, to which a 
window weight is atUiched, swung from the middle of the bridge. 
The j^raduHtions nre painted in feet and lentha on \,\i^ Viwb xavl on the 



i.) 



COLORADO RIVER DRAIKAGE BASIN. 



47 



I bridge. No bench mark has ever been established. The observa- 
tions have been t^ken twice daily during the irrigating season since 
testation was established by S. L. Purdy, pumpman at the Mount 
Lincoln pumping plant. 

Discharge mecumrements of Grand River near Palisades, Colo, 



1 Date. 


Hydrographer. 


1 1902. 

■ ipnl9 


J.E.Fleld 


f %27 


M, n TTiTi*lprli*l«r 


1 •^Dirao 


.do 


1 ^ - 


do 


^^ber2 


Q. H. Matthes 


^^Verlo 

^tol)er26. 


do . 

do : 


^^V«inber3 


do 



Gage 
height. 


DiHcharge. 


Feet. 


Sectmd-feet. 


12.30 


2,564 


16. 80 


9,778 


12. 20 


1,966 


12.00 


1,662 


12.15 


1,415 


12.20 


1,465 


12.20 


1,361 


12.10 


1,346 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Orand River near Palisades, Colo. 



Day. 



i9oe. 



Apr. 



May. 



X5. 

^.. 
21-. 
»-. 
23.. 
24.. 
25.. 
88-. 
27.. 
28-. 
».- 






Jane, i July. 



17.76 
17.56 
17.25 
17.10 
17.10 
17. 10 
17. (M) 
16.05 
17.00 
16.05 
16.80 
16.65 
16.55 
16.45 
16.15 
15.05 
15.75 
15.45 
15.25 
14.05 
14. 75 
14.55 
14.42 
14.38 
14.30 
14. OH 
13.06 
18.80 
13.70 
13.66 



18.75 
18.75 
18.66 
18.42 
13.42 
18.38 
13.35 
13.25 
13.16 
12.98 
12.86 
12.70 
12.68 
12.70 
12.68 
12.60 
12.05 
12.68 
12.72 
13.26 
12.08 
12.75 
12. .58 
12.45 
12.40 
12.32 
12.3fJ 
12.28 
12.22 
12.18 



Auk- Sept. Oct. Nov. 



12.12 1 



12.25 
11.06 
11.06 
11.02 
11.02 
11.00 
11.82 
11.80 
11.80 
11.75 
12.08 
11.80 
11.75 
11.75 
11.85 
11.08 
12.00 
11.48 
11.85 
11.78 
11.72 
11.70 
11.70 
11.65 
11.78 
11.85 
12.00 
11.60 
12.00 
12. \0 



12.00 
12.00 
12.00 
11.05 
11.88 
11.80 
11. 8r) 
11.75 
11.72 
11.72 
11.68 
11.60 
11.80 
11.60 
11.60 
11.60 
11.60 
11.60 
11.75 
11.70 
12.36 
12.15 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 



12.10 
12.20 
12.27 
12.35 
12.25 
12.20 
12.25 
12.18 
12.12 
12.10 
12.10 
12.10 
12.25 
12.30 
12.20 
12.25 
12.25 
12.25 
12.25 
12.30 
1-2.20 
12.20 
12.18 
12.20 
12.20 
12.18 
12.20 
12.18 
12.18 
\t,VS 
ViAV> 





« station closed for winter. 



STREAM MEAHUEEMEKTB IN liJCG, PAET IV. [Si*.m 

Mating iuUe/tir Cl#afiil id* iMtr netir Pulinfidim, Oola^^fiW rJO£, i 



tHflr^bmri^. 



/tei?fmcl*/eriL 

1,000 

^jm I 



«Sg_ ! Itolimr,^ 



1l«<!«3 



J_ 



13.4 

13. d 

13.8 
UJ> 

14. S 
14,4 
14.0 
14.8 
15.0 



4,098 

5,464 

«, 246 
tt,»U2 
7,041 



1^. 



15.4 

13. e 
ie.o 

irt.l 
10. 8 



Dln^lUifVQ, 



7,444 
7,867 

S,75a 

10. 106 

UK Mm 






FkcL 
17,0 
17,3 
17-4 
17.6 

ire 

16.0 
IS. 2 

IN. 4 

me 



DtftL'lwWH^ 



lt^543 

1S,6S4 

13. 171 

ta,73a 

14.383 
H,87fl 

16,308 



I 



[ t n-nliuit^i." (lira. fiJtW minmro milM,J 



Muntb, 



1800, 

April 

May 

June 

July 

Atiin^it ._.. 
September . 
Octolier 



Bliicbaxpii in iMKxia4>'Awl 



M mili i rtini 



4,S60 

10,308 

i:i,5H4 

4.604 

LM90 



]Ilnll£ttliu» 



1,103 

4, 410 
1,830 

(M4 
1.103 
1 , 8011 



I 



11,800 
8,873 
8,034 
t,4i70 

1,4H0 



r 



TiitAl itl 



182, 0&4 
735,5.54 

537,080 

18.5, 03D 

flO,94l 

88,002 
119,963 



Bvm-i^- 






0,26 

1.3H 
1,04 

.a5 

,17 
.17 
.23 



0.3( 
1.51 

i.ii 

.11 
.31 



GRAND RIVER AT GLENWOOD SPRINGS, COLO. 

Tbis station was first located May 12, 1899, at the request of th( 
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Company, at the railroad bridge « 
quarter of a mile west of the depot and just above the mouth ol 
Roaring Fork. A wire gage was used. At the beginning of 1900, 
however, a new gage rod was located near the electric-light works ol 
the Colorado Hotel. Measurements are made from the wagon bridge 
crossing the river between the town and the hotel. The channel U 
good, being composed of gravel and rock, and does not change much 
the banks are high and not subject to overflow. 



COLORADO BIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 



49 



^•^4 1 



During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
. K Field and M. O. Ilinderlider. 

April It: Qage height, 3.87 feet; discharge, 1,828 second-feet. 
Jnly 28: Qage height, 3.90 feet; discharge, 1,414 second-feet. 
Angnst 28: Gage height, 3.60 feet; discharge, 1,079 second-feet. 
NoTember 3: Gage height, 3.80 feet; discharge, 842 second-feet. 
December 13: Gf%ge height, 3.30 feet; discharge, 775 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Grand River at Olenw^ad Springs, Colo, 



Day. 



23.. 
84. 
25.. 
« . 

27. 
*.. 
2» . 
30.. 
31.. 



10Q2. 



Jan. 


Feb. 


aio 


8.10 


8.15 


3.00 


3.15 


2.90 


3.35 


3.00 


3.25 


3.05 


3.20 


3.20 


8.20 


3.20 


3.20 


3.20 


3.20 


3.20 


3.15 


3.20 


8.10 


3.20 


3.00 


8.25 


3.06 


3.30 


3.10 


8.15 


8.00 


3.15 


ao6 


8.30 


8.20 


8.25 


8.16 


8.26 


aio 


3.80 


8.15 


8.20 


8.10 


a20 


2.90 


8.30 


3.20 


8.30 


3.06 


3.20 


8.16 


« 3.30 


3.05 


3.90 


3.00 


3.30 


2.86 


3.20 


3.10 




8.10 




3.10 





Mar. 



3.25 
3.20 
a 20 
a 16 

a 15 i 
a25 
a 20 
a 15 
a 25 
a 25 
a 25 
a 26 
a 26 
a 26 
a 15 
a 10 
a 20 
a 26 
a 80 
ado 
a 35 
a 36 
a 30 
a 30 
a 30 
a 30 
a 30 
a.'» 
a 25 
a 15 
a 15 



Ipr. 


May. 


a 15 


5.40 


a 20 


5.95 


a 25 


6.45 


a 30 


6.75 


a 40 


6.90 


a 50 


6.90 


a 60 


6.70 


a 70 


7.20 


a 90 


7.40 


a 90 


7.50 


a 85 


7.80 


a 85 


7.95 


a 90 


7.80 


a 90 


7.90 


a 80 


a 10 


a 70 


8.20 


a 70 


a 15 


a 80 


7.95 


are 


7.75 


4.15 


7.25 


4.30 


6.80 


4.65 


6.36 


4.45 


6.10 



June. July. Aug:.« j Dec. 



4.20 
4.10 
4.10 
4.10 
4.25 
4.55 
4.90 



5.95 i 
5.95 I 
6.30 I 
7.10 I 
7.50 I 
7.35 ; 
7.4o ; 
7. 05 ' 



7.75 


6.(K) 
4.80 
4.75 


' 


7.tV> 


1 


7.40 


' 2.90 


7.20 


4.70 


1 2.91) 


7.35 


4.60 


j aio 


7.31) 


4.60 


3.20 


7.80 


4.60 


a2o 


7.30 


4.4.5 


; aio 


7.40 


4.:*) 


I a26 


7..T. 


4.20 


' a25 


7.30 


4.20 


; a;*) 


7. 15 


4.15 


a3o 


7.00 


4.10 


aso 


6.90 


4.10 


1 aso 


6.66 


4.(X) 


: ao6 


6.50 


4.00 


! 2.85 


6.30 


4.(X) 


2.80 


6.10 


4.15 
4.55 


i 2.58 


5.95 


1 ao5 


5.80 


4.60 
4.35 


' 8.05 


6.60 


' ao5 


5.50 


4.20 


aa5 


5.:« 


4.10 


1 2.95 


5.35 


4.00 


1 ao5 


5 20 


a 90 

a 90 
a 80 


' 3 25 


5.10 


1 a:io 


5. 10 


' xz\ 


5.(10 




' a28 


4.t}0 




\ ('') 


4.<.k3 




(ft) 




i (") 



"Automatic register placed on 
record, 
*Wire on gage broken. 

IRR 85—03 4 



July 28. Never worked hiitwfa<*U>rily. Cause of hreak in 



M 






Jy^^W^^ 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IK 1302, TATtT fV. 



^Baiin{f tublf^for Grand Rivfr at Glenwen^i HpHn^a^ Cotn.^ for t!W$,, 


A 


ni^^. ,«i^^ 


Dlai-lurf^. 




DlHCtkarge. 


.^t. 


■ 


tf^t 


Bmmd^fmi, J^. 


^«o**d-/«#f. 


Jiwf. 


.^€Vnlrf-/0i(r^, 


^*'f- 


immvi^M^ 


8,(1 


OfiQ 


44 


1,969 


5.8 


5,100 ! 


7.2 


%m 


S.3 


775 


4,6 


S,SI8 


e.o 


5. 7»30 


7 A 


10,7«3 


9 A 


9SU 


4.8 


t,m 


fl.S 


6, 4;ju 


?.« 


11,5411 


d,e 


I,OT0 


5.Q 


9.m 1 


6.4 


7J01 1 7.8 


ld,S40 


a,« 


t,2fi6 


5.2 


i,m 


e,« 


7,af» 1 


8-0 


18, 151 I 


^.0 


1.485 


5.4 


S.891 


e.a 


8,^ ' 


asa 


, ld,0» / 


4.2 


1,7^ 


5.ft 


4,i«e 


T.fl 


9,2M 1 




J 




? 










_* 



&timaUd montklu dm*Juirgfi of Grand River at Olrntrtjod Sprltt^it, Colo* 




MoatJi* 



Jaiiimt7 

February >. 

March 

April ._-.,... 

May „. 

June 

July I to 37,., 
Decembers to S 



MftZilQIfDl, 



2,772 

13,980 
12,140 



Mtntmnan. 



600 

em 

710 
742 

3,8M1 
2,773 



TotiLllii 



7^1 
775 

803 

L410 

7,S16 

1,864 

72a 



44,9d;3 

4^,818 
84,486 

004, lao 

485,382 
09,824 
87,5^ 



— ^ 



Ilt]ii^<)ff. 



pier nqiiare 
mile. 



0,123 

.lis 

.138 
.244 

L6ai 

1.25il 
.821 
*12< 



D?ptb Id 



0,14 

.16 

,27 
1,94 

LSP 

.IS 



WHITE RIVER AT MEEKER, COLO. 

This station was established by A. L. F'ellows, May 24, 1901, about 
one-half of a mile above the town of Meeker, at a point where a 
wagon bridge crosses the stream on the ranch of L. F. Van Cleave. 
The gage rod consists of a vertical 2 by 4 inch timber nailed t^) the 
left abutment of the bridge on the downstream side. The bridge is 
marked every 5 feet. The initial point for soundings is at the rod 
at the left or south end of the bridge. The banks are so high that 
they are not liable to overflow; the channel is of rock and gravel, and 
seems permanent in its nature. Measurements are made from the 
lower side of the wagon bridge. The observer is L. F. Van Cleave, 
who reads the rod twice each day. 



moL] 



OOLOBADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



51 



The following discharge measurements were made during 1902 by 
i J. McCune and J. E. Field: 

Jnly 6: Gkvge height, 4.00 feet; discharge, 472 second-feet. 
Oct 17: Gtage height, 2.55 feet; discharge, 342 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of White River at Meeker, Colo, 



D»y. 


Apr. 


May. 

4.70 
4.85 
5.80 
6.25 
5.25 
5.30 
5.50 
5.65 
5.75 
5.70 
5.80 
5.70 


Jane. 


July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


1900. 
1 


3.66 
3.56 
3.60 
3.80 
3.« 
3.00 
3.70 
8.80 
3.75 
3.70 
3.65 
3.70 


6.40 
5.35 
6.15 
5.20 
5.25 
5.10 
5.10 
5.00 
4.96 
4.90 
4.80 
4.95 


3.85 
3.95 
3.90 
3,80 
3.95 
4.05 
3.95 
3.90 
3.85 
3.80 
3.80 
3.75 


a3o 
a35 

3.35 
3.35 
3.36 
3.35 
3.35 
3.a'5 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.40 


8.00 
3.65 
3.55 
8.60 
8.60 


8.00 


• 


8.00 


t 


3.60 


4 


3.50 


5 


8.60 


6 


3.50 ' 3.50 




3.50 H..W 


8 


3.50 
8.50 
3.40 
3.40 
3.50 


3.50 


•...: 


3.50 


10 


3.50 


n..., 


3.60 


B. 


8.70 


11. 


3.70 
3.00 
3.55 
3.00 


5.65 
5.70 
5.70 
6.70 
6.70 


4.66 
4.65 
4.65 
4.45 
4.30 


8.75 
3.70 
3.66 
3.60 
8.70 


- 8.40 
3.45 
3.40 
3.40 
3.40 


3.46 
3.45 
3.50 
3.60 
8.45 


3.65 


M... 


3 56 


B 


3.55 


U 


8.60 


17. 









3.70 


a60 


18... 








3.75 
8.95 


5.60 
6.25 


4.25 
4.20 


3.80 
8.70 


3.40 
3.40 


3.46 
3.60 


8 60 


tt 








8.60 


» 






; 4.05 


5.10 


4.10 


8.66 


8.40 


3.50 


8.60 


a 






1 4.15 


4.85 


4.10 


3.60 


3.40 


3.70 


8.60 


ft. 








4.00 


4.75 
4.70 
4.60 
4.60 
4. BO 
6.15 
5.30 


3.95 
8.95 
8.90 
3.80 
3.80 
3.75 
3.75 


3.60 
3.55 
3.50 
3.60 
3.50 
3.50 
3.50 


3.40 
3.40 
3.45 
3.50 
3.50 
3.60 
3.50 


3.70 
3.60 
8.60 
3.60 
3.00 
3.00 
3.60 


3.60 


a. 


3.95 
3.86 
3.80 
3.80 
3.80 


3.55 


ai 


8.60 


s 


8.50 


» 


3.60 


jr _ 


3.50 


» 








4.00 


3.50 


s 






4.30 


5.35 


3.90 


3.40 


3.60 


3.60 


3.50 


30 






j 4^ 


5.25 


3.90 


3.40 


3.50 


3.60 


8.60 


31 








5.60 




3.30 


3.W 




3 60 




1 




Bating table for White River 


at Mee 
height. 


A'<>r, Colo. , /c 
' Discharge. 


>r JOO;?, 
height. 






Ftft. 


Dtecbarge. 


' hei^\. 


Discharge. 


!' 


Discharge. 




Sec<md-f€et. 


1 Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second fee f. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 




2.7 


300 


3.4 


372 1 


4.2 


523 ;; 


5.6 


2,614 




2.8 


308 


3.5 


384 :' 


4.4 


594 


5.8 


! 3, 284 




2.9 


317 


1 3.6 


397 i 


4.6 


696 || 


6.0 


4,034 




3.0 


327 


! 3.7 


412 ; 


4.8 


845 |j 


6.2 


4,834 




1 ^'^ 


337 


; 3.8 


429 




5.0 


1,100 


6.4 


5,634 




3.2 


348 


; 3.9 


448 




5.2 


1,514 








/ S.3 1 


""i 


1 4.0 \ 


469 


1 


5.4 


2,024 i 




• 



K)$$ STKEAM MKASUHKKKNlf^ IN UK)2, l*AET l\\ 

^^^^ Eatimutt^i mtmthig dn^ehnrgn </ Wkiit Hivtr ut Meeker, Cola 



t^fc 



[DmifiAgn arva. mi minans isXhiM^l 



Montb. 



April .,*, 

May _.-.., 
Jane. ..—,,. 
July, ...., 
Aiagnflt ,.__. 
Septeitib<i3' , , 
October 



Di^-hnr^ in ■e^oQd^fee.t. 



MjpJt ^lnmai - 



4]^ 



IdlnlxniuUn. 



384 
4J2t> 

m) 
;tT2 

iEB4 



4S:J 

84:j 
4t4 

m7 



Tatkliit 



H8,4**7 

25, 4rill 
2*i.87a 

23, UT 
2^, Tim 



Eiui^ff^ 






n.m 

B.04 
.61 



UINTA RIVER AT OUHAY SCHOOL, NEAB LELANU, UTAH. 

This sitatioji was ostablishtad Navembtsr H, 189^j, autl in locatec 

the highway britlgp tn (*r the river n^Hr the Onray Hchool. It iss nh 
5 miles below the station at Fort Duchesne. Dry Gulch Creek eiit 
from the west, aad except during flood stages carrien pra<-ticaliy o 
the w^aste water of Canal No. 1 and the liench ditch, thereby aecoi 
iug for the increase in flow Ix^t ween this i>oint and the Fort Ducbe 
station. The rod is nailed to the east end of the south crib of 
wagon bridge. Bench mark No. 1 tw the head of a niiil in the extn 
noilheast corner of the bridge floor, ami ia at an elevation of 4,74* 
feet above sea; Ijencli mark No, :3 is a nail in tlie flags taff of 
achool, with an elevation of 4,701 > feet. The elevation of the zen 
the itKl is 4,737.30 f^'^et. During iow^ water nioasnrements are in* 
by wading, at a section 200 feet below the bridge, and at high st* 
they are made from the bridge itself. The section is a good ( 
although the center pier of the bridge will interfere somewliat \ 
the accuracy of the results when measurements are taken there. 



I OOLOBADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 53 

arge measurements of Uinta River at Ouray School, near LeUnuU Utah. 



21.... 

28.... 
ber4.. 
berll. 
berlS. 
ber 25. 
r2 .... 
rO .... 
r 23 . . . 
r 30 - - . 
ber 7 . . 
ber 13. 
ber 20. 
ber 26- 
t)er4 .. 
ber 10 . 
t)er 19 . 





Dat^. 


Hydrographer. 


J7 


1902. 


C. T. Prall 




do 


) 


do . 




1 
do 


I 


do . 




»*x^ ._ 

do 




do 




do 




do 




do 




do 




do 




do 




do 




...do , . . ' 




# -- 

do 1 




H. S. Reed 




do 


4 .. 


.do 


14 


do 



..do 
..do 
..do 
.do 
..do 
..do 
.do 
-do 
.-do 
..do 
-do 
.do 
..do 
..do 
.-do 
..do 
..do 



Oatf« 
leignt. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Secimd-feet. 


0.r)(] 


122 


.m 


89 


.31 


81 


.24 


72 


.39 


95 


.35 


90 


.69 


144 


2.65 


919 


1.60 


397 


3. 50 


2,224 


2.85 


1,143 


2.32 


732 


1.70 


426 


1.20 


285 


1.22 


278 


.67 


150 


.24 


75 


.03 


47 


- .16 


35 


.03 


51 


.12 


86 


.05 


48 


.06 


52 


- .08 


35 


.07 


50 


.33 


81 


.30 


78 


.33 


84 


.33 


81 


.40 


87 


.33 


83 


.60 


119 


.54 


109 


.15 


60 


.33 


57 


.63 


104 


. 65 


89 



^p4 STREAM MEASURKMENT9 IN 14*02, TART TV 

[ 

J^Dailffgage height, in feet, of Uinta Rinerai Ouray Schmd, n^ar 




M 


j«£. 


F*sb. 


Miir, 


Apr. 


.^ 

.4S 
.f>l 

,tss 

!.»♦ 

i!.a4 

£.(50 
if'Mll 

1.48 

].44 
l.m 
S.9& 
3.53 


June. 


Jtlly, 


Aug. 


Scllt. 


Oet. 


lStQV\ 


Di 


H 1 


(«) 


m 


^:\ 


0,« 

.!» 

,m 

,m 
.m 
.in 

.as 
•® 

.as 

M 

.»* 

.»» 
.u» 

.41 


aa 

ate 

2.H> 

i.WJ 
t.H 

am 
1.^ 

LT4 

1.63 

1.4* 

Lia 

1.40 
1.88 
LS& 
J. 24 

i-ao 

1.12 
1.1« 

i.rio 


l.fB 


aw 
in 
.11 
.oe 
jii 

- .01 

- .Oif 

- .tia 

- .04 

^ ■***! 

- .08 

^ ,m 
" .11 

^ .11 

M 
.05 
.OQ 
.07 

.or 
i.ao; 

.40 

.as 
.ai 
.ao 

.30 

.m 
.m 


o.ao 
.m 
.») 
.ao 
.ai 

.S3 
.34 

.^ 

.Si 

.as 

M 

jn 

.»& 

.8G 

.» 

.as 

.33 

.as 
.as 


ft. 40 
.10 

.87 
.40 

:: 

M 

,4a 
.» 

.S3 
,51 

.a» 

.4ft 

.« 
.40 
.4S 
.40 
.40 


n 


^m B 


i.aii '- -i» 




^K 9 










■j;:::::::;:;::i:::i 




— 


',Z2 


I.IS 
IJO 
LUI 
1. 00 

.W 
.0ft 

,m 

.4r» 
,m 
.as 
.m 

.as 

■z 

.% 

.ao 

.15 

.la 
.11 


« .oe 

- .18 
' .14 

- .IT 

- .!» 

- .ai 

.00 
,01^ 

.(» 
.or 

- .01 
' .Cft 

::S 

- .oe 
^ .la 

- .14 

- .Ifi 

- .IS! 
" MO 

- .11 
.01 
.1» 

.17 




^K't 








^KrJi 








^■« 




y ^' 


^^1 








K 




-..,^ 


r-^-^-mmr 


^Kdfl 






*••••• 


Bj- - -" 




.-— . 


^B- 






*-."-T 


-^--M« 


— - 


^HC' 








^^C 








^IC 











^^te 






i 


^^p 










^Ki 










^I5t 










^»ii_, ,_„.. 










m. ......... ...,.,.. 










m. - 










»._ „... 








""" 


80 __ ,,„„ 








.*. 


m 








-.. 






^'*n--"J 






'" 



« River frozen. 



Rating table for Uinta River at Ouray School, near Leland, Utah, for Januari 

to December 1, 1902. a 



Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 
Secondrfeet. 


height. 
Feet. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
' height. 

Feet. 


Disc-harge. 


Gage 
heif^t. 


Discharge 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second -fee, 


-0.2 


30 


1.0 


210 


2.2 


660 


3.4 


2,040 


- .1 


35 


1.1 


240 


2.3 


720 


3.5 


2,200 


.0 


40 


1.2 


270 


2.4 


780 


3.6 


2,363 


.1 


54 


1.3 


300 


2.5 


850 


3.7 


2,524 


.2 


68 


1.4 


330 


2.6 


930 


3.8 


2,686 


.3 


82 


1.5 


360 


2.7 


1,010 


3.9 


3,848 


.4 


96 


1.6 


390 


2.8 


1,110 


4.0 


3,010 


.5 


110 


1.7 


430 


2.9 


1,240 


4.1 


3, 172 


.6 


130 


1.8 


470 


3.0 


1,400 


4.2 


8,384 


.7 


150 


1.9 


510 


3.1 


1,560 


4.3 


3,496 


.8 


170 


2.0 


550 


3.2 


1,720 


4.4 


3,658 


.9 


190 


2.1 


600 


3.3 


1,880 


4.5 


3,820 



a The daily discharges for December were ohtainwl from the meamirements by interpolatio 



mriLL] 



OOLOBADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



55 



I EiHmated monthly discharge of Uinta River at Ouray Schitol^ near Lelaml, Utah, 
[Draina^ area, fi67 rqnaro miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

Jannaiy ^ 

Pebrnary «... 

March« 

April 

lay 

Jime 

July 

August 

September ... 

October 

NoTember 

December «_ . . 

The year _ 



Discharge in second-feet. 



ICaximum. Minimum. 



146 
2,653 
2,120 

327 
65 

470 

154 
104 



2,658 



76 
84 
246 
47 
30 
34 
78 
57 
57 



30 



Mean. 



110 

110 

100 

92 

740 

651 

132 

40 

72 

89 

97 



193 



Run^off. 



ToUl in \ 

acre-feet. Second-feet r^^**, <„ 



6,764 
6,109 
6,149 
5,457 
45,484 
89,029 
8,148 
2,467 
4,284 
5,460 
5, 780 
5, 129 



140,296 



0.11 
.11 
.10 
.09 
.77 
.67 
.14 
.04 
.07 
.09 
.10 
.09 



.20 



0.13 
.11 
.12 
.10 
.89 
.75 
.16 
.05 
.08 
.10 
.11 
.10 



2.70 



a Jan. 1 to Apr. 1, and Dec. 21-31, river frozen; quantities estimated. 



DUCHESNE RIVER AT PRICE ROAD BRIDGE, UTAH. 

The station on Duchesne River was established October 26, 1899, 
and is located 3 miles below the mouth of Lake Creek at the 
highway bridge on the stage road from Price to Fort Duchesne. The 
permanent gage rod was placed November IG, 1899, and is nailed to 
the east side of the center pier. Bench mark No. 1 is a wire nail in a 
I05: close to the rod, and is opposite the 7-foot mark. Bench mark 
No. 2 is a wire nail on the west side of the crib, with an elevation of 
5.48 feet above gage datum. The section at this point is very 
good, with a moderate velocity of water. There is one pier in the 
center of the stream which does not materially affect the accuracy of 
the results at h)w water, but presumably will to a certain extent 
during the flood season. 



" DtHtihi 



BTREAM HKAftUREMENTfJ IN iSWfi, PART 
Diittih4tr{fi' meamt refill nt a of Ihtvhfsn^ Hirtr nf /VtVv Rotnl 



1 






Ikklm. 



,Man'h en . 

• April 4 ,.__._ . . 

\&imllU__,_. __, 

April 1H_. __..., 

April 25. 

Jt^2 ... ... 

MiLjria., 

. Jttne IH 

Jtily ft. . 
Jtily 11. 
July 10 _ 

Jiay25 ___..... 

Atignwt l____ , 

Angtiut U ***.,* 

August 15.. ^ 

Aug^ist 22. __- 

Augmtt 20. . *r""*'^*^'' 
SepttmilKsr r>.^^^,...^,._^^, 

Sept*>mlK"r 13 

Septemlier TO. ^,t,*-,.-»^. 
Septemlwr iJtL _.,*».,.., .*,. 
OctiilHTfJi ^^ .-,,. 



H^rdriJumtiliA 



Of'trilter IM .__.____^_... 
Ot!ti*l»t*r24 . ..__..„,.^., 

Oct*>lierJ!l ..* 

November 14, ..^*,.....^., 
WoremtM^r 2L i^..**^*^,.,^ 
November 2». *^.i«__,_,,^„ 



C, T. PmU . . . 
do 

do.. 

.Oq . 

da .- 

do _..._._ 

. do..,- 

du _ _. 

do 

do 
. .do .. . .. 
, dtj 
do 
do , 

-do 

Pnill uiid Bm^l , 
H,8. Roed.. . 
--..do . 



..da 
,da 
-do 
do 
,do 

..do. 

..to 
-do 
.do 
.do 
Ao. 



._ __do 

,, .do 
____-do 
.....do 






<:t 



n 



5.23 
5,25 
■i, 82 

6.28 

o,4r> 

7.50 
0.75 

0/70 
fi, 20 

5-75 

5, m 

G.40 

5.12 
5,JS5 

5.22 
f5*U2 
JI.OO 

n. w 

5,22 
5.25 
5.25 

5.25 
5,28 
5.30 
5.%'3 



£K)it 



COLORADO BrVER DEAINAOE BASIN. 



57 



Daily gage height^ in feet, of ThiclieJine River at Price Road Bridge, Utah, 



m Day. 1 Jan. | Feb. 

■ 


Mar. 


Aiir. 


May. 


June.! July. 


Aug. 


Sept. 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


1 

1 1 («) 


(") 


(«) 


5.26 


6.05 


8.80 i 6.10 


6.20 


5.13 j 6.25 


5.28 


(«) 


t 






5.27 


6.13 


8.25 


6.13 


6.16 


6.10 15.25 


5.28 




'i 






5.20 
5.30 


6.18 
6.21 
0.22 
6.24 
6.26 
6.28 
6.48 
6.6;) 
6.80 


7.90 
7.90 
8.05 


6.13 
6.14 
6 no 


5. 18 
6.18 
6.15 
5.13 
6.13 
5.13 
5.10 
5. 13 
5. 15 


5.10 1 6.25 
5.10 5.25 
5.10 5.25 
5.10 1 5.20 
6.08 5.20 
5.00 5.20 
5.00 5.20 
4.96 5.20 
4.99 • 5.20 


5.28 
5.28 
5.28 
5.28 
5.28 
5.29 
6.28 
5.28 
5.30 




^. 








S 






6.3:3 
5 38 




1 






8.10 6.07 
8.16 6.03 
8.26 5.88 
8.43 5.80 
8.46 1 5.75 
7.86 ! 6.75 




J 1 






5.39 
.'i 47 




8. ' . 








1 




' 5 53 




10 




' Tt !it{ 




u ' 




5. 19 


5.5S 




12 ' 




5.20 


5.00 


7.04 


7.60 ! 5.7:) 


5.18 


5.00 5.20 


5.30 




13 ; 1 


Ti *Z\ 


5.(53 
5. 70 


7.a5 
7.3:3 


7. 45 5. 70 
7.38 5.68 


5.20 
5.46 


6.02 
5.(6 


5.20 
6.20 


5 30 


I ~ 

M 5.21 


5.30 




IS ' 1 5.25 


5. 78 


7.4« 


7.35 ! 5.65 


5.33 


5.06 


5.20 


6.30 




16 1 


1 5.27 


5.85 


7.50 


7.10 ! 5.65 


5.25 


5.08 


5.20 


5.30 




17 i 


i 5.27 


5. «.« 


7.60 


6.90 5.64 


5. 18 


6.10 


5.25 


5.:« 




18 


' 5 2(5 


0.30 
0.48 
0.64 
0.50 
0.21 


7.6:) 
7.40 
7.25 

7.00 

6.8:) 


6.75 5.(10 
6.tt5 ' 5.50 
6.6S : 5.50 
(J. 57 5.50 
6.55 5.51) 


5.18 5.10 
5.18 5.10 
5. 18 1 5. 10 
5.18 5.:)8 
5.15 ' 5.:)9 


5.25 
5.25 
5.25 
5.25 

5.28 


5.30 
5.30 
5.32 
5.:)S 
5.32 




N 


1 .f-v 27 




». 1 ' ^ •^*-** 




21 ' ' 5 21 




2 : 1 5.21 




a 1 : 5.22 


5.1*5 


6.7() 


(V53 5.46 


5.15 1 6.3:) 


5.29 


5.32 




U 1 5.22 


5.90 


6.65 


6.50 ' 5.42 


5.15 


5.36 


5.30 


5.32 




25 1 1 [5.23 


5.93 


6.55 


6.40 I 5.40 


6. 15 


5.28 


5.30 


5.32 




« 1 1 5.24 


6.00 


6.80 


(J. 31 6.40 


5. 15 


5.25 


5.28 


6.32 




27- 1 ' 1525 


6.04 
6.08 
5.99 


7.50 
7.88 
8.5:) 


0.20 5.35 
6.19 j 5.33 
6. 18 5. 28 


5.15 
5.18 
5.20 


5.25 
5.25 
5.25 


6.28 
6.28 

5.28 


5.32 
5 2)2 




». ... ' 5.25 




» S-36 


5.:i2 


30 1 1 L'i.2i 


6.05 


8.80 
9.20 


6.14 5.25 

1 R 9R 


6.20 1 5.25 

5 17 ' 


5.28 

5.28 


5.32 ! 


31... 1 


5.27 


1 


1 










1 



"River frozen. 
Rating table for Ihiciienne River at l^rice Road Bridge, Utah, for 190:2. 



hei^t. 

5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 



Discharge. 
Second-feet. 

200 
280 
380 
500 
630 
780 
940 



1^. i Discharge. j^^_ , Di^-har^e. ; j^. ; Di.-hargo. 



Feet. 
6.4 

6.6 

6.8 
7.0 
7.2 
7.4 
7.(5 



Sevtnid-feet. 

1,120 
1,320 
1,520 
1,760 
2.000 
2,240 
2. 520 



hWt. 

7.8 
8.0 
8.2 
8.4 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 



Setutnd-feet . 

2, 840 ; 
3, 160 
3,550 
3,980 ; 
4,440 
4,900 
5, 360 I 



Feet. 

9.2 
9.4 
9.6 

9.8 
10.0 



Secoud/eef, 

\ 5, 820 

I 6, 280 

6, 740 

7, 200 

7,660 



58 



STRKAM H^AaURFMETTTS irT lfK12, TART tV, 



Estiimtted t^u^nihly discharge of Dii4^hesne Miver nt Pricp RtHut liridgr 

[BwtluAgH are*, ?,7lfl aqtuw* mUem. ] 





a Jan. 1 to Mar. 10 and Dec. 1-^ river frosen; qnantttfes estimated. 



LAKE CREEK AT WAGON BRIDGE (NEAR MOUTH), UTAH. 

The permanent gage rod at this place consists of a 1-inch by 4:-inch 
by 8-foot board nailed vertically to the west abutment on the lower 
side of the wagon bridge near the mouth of the creek. Bench mark 
No. 1 is a nail in the abutment opposite the 4.50-foot mark on 
the rod. Bench mark No. 2 is directly over the gage rod, and is the 
head of a wire nail in the southwest corner of the bridge upright. Its 
elevation is 5,066.58 feet. The elevation of the zero of the rod is 
5,055.99 feet above sea level, according to the hydrographic survey 
datum. The elevation of bench mark No. 2 is 5,129 feet, referred to 
the topographic survey datum. The elevation of a regulation iron 
post bench mark, 150 feet east of the bridge, is 5,127.55 feet, referred 
to the latter datum. The bed of the stream is composed of medium- 
sized cobblestones and forms a fair section. During flood stages 
measurements are made from the bridge, but at other periods they 
are made by wading at a point about 4(X) feet below. 



»i 



1 COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BA8IN. 59 

Dutharffe measurements of Lake Creek at wagon Irridge {near mouth), Utah, 



Date. 



19Q2. 



Hydro^apher. 



C.T.Prall. 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do .... 

do ... 



March 21 

March 28 

April4 

April 11 , 

:■ AprillS 

1 April25 

' May2 

< May9 .' 

May 16. 

May 23 

May 30 

Jnne 6 

JimelS 

Jnne 20 

June 27 

July 5 

July 11 I PraIlandRee<l 

July 19... H.S.Reed 

July 25 do 

August 1 1 do 

August 9 \ do 

August 15 1 do 

August 22 1 do .. 

AQgr8t29 ..L.-.-do 

September 5 j do 

September 12 I do . 

September 19 .J do 

September 26 .1 do 

Octobers I do 

October 10 ! do .. 

October 24 ' do 

October 31 do 

November 14 ; do 

November 21 j do . 

November 28. do 

November 28 do 



'I 



Decembers i do 

December 13 do 



hei^t 


; DiM!harKe. 


Fett. 


Seamd'fcet. 


1 1.86 


93 


i 1.92 


103 


1.92 


105 


1.90 


103 


' 1.90 


103 


2.00 


121 


. 2.04 


133 


2. m 


226 


1 3. 20 


651 


' 2.70 


358 


5. 85 


2,367 


4.93 


1,735 


1 4.10 


1,144 


I 3. 10 


049 


2.70 


4.54 


2. 55 


357 


2.30 


222 


2.25 


173 


2.05 


141 


1.95 


106 


1.92 


98 


2.06 


141 


1.89 


89 


1.93 


110 


1.80 


79 


1.80 


76 


1.85 


86 


1.95 


105 


1.92 


103 


1.90 


94 


1.92 


99 


1.90 


96 


1.90 


98 


1.93 


97 


2. 50 


127 


2.50 


162 


2.00 


106 


1.82 


76 



10 ' OTREAM MEASHREMKNTB IK lIMit*, PARI 
Pail^ ga^e height^ in fa't^ of Lak€ Crftk at wtigmi bridge { 


* IV. 
scar 




B^. 


1 J 


Ibr.lAjo'. 


Hay. 


JuBe^ 


JuIt.Iavir. 

1 


B«pt. 


Oi^t. 


H<W. 


Di 


ir:E~; 


M 




1 


tfil 


!...-.. 


...,« 


i^n 


















4.89 


i.is 


....„ 


l.flO 


lot 


...«. 


«, 




— 




^"-— -' 


^--,. 


-„.-- 


*""'*^ 


-- 


3k aa 




— 


i.n 


-,,.,. 




hm 


'" 


1^ 
















hm 






I-' 






*••**• 


LSO! 






%m 










w. . 




-.,.^ 


"™ 


tr,r — 


4.»4 


1.60 


Ltfl 


"- 


t«Q 


1" 










&ia 


.-.,., 


*4l.«^t 


t» 


'*-' — 


















-.<.- 




-- 


I.ID 


...„- 





s.ai 


■"► 


^Bft •«a.4.^*_.4to.*,. A^ )'»•'•••• ■ 


•^T-^*, 


^. — 




-^T'^ 


-"— j 


11.10 


^.^., 


Lie 


.... 


|p — . z 






~""'^ 


9,01) 


aio 














"" 


i :::: :::::: 




^ 


Lm 






»5- , .. 




lEfi 






W, ., , 1 . . r __ 










l.ffi 








m 












ITO 












*». -*,«.«-— 






L9i 














e.fii} 












L«a 








a> .-.•„.-. ..**„-^„,.„ 










ii.«9 












«!,,„. .,„,.. 1 
















1.90 


















""T"" 











aBirer ftfv^eeiL 



COLORADO RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 

EstUnated nwnthly dvtcfiarge of Ixtke Creek at ir<tgon bridge, 
[Drainatce area, 475 Hcitiar<* miloM.] 



(51 



Month. 



1902. 
Jannary « . . . 
Febmary . 

larch fl 

April 

May. 

Jnne 

July 

Augnst 

September . 
October .... 
Norember 
December a. 



The year . 



Difichargo in Mxrond-feet. 



Maximum. I Minimum. 



180 
2,700 
3,000 
406 
141 
105 
104 
162 



3,000 



103 I 
132 I 
418 I 
110 j 

89 ! 

76 1 

94 I 

96 



76 



Mean. 



90 

90 

97 

109 

718 

1,238 

220 

108 

88 

97 

109 

90 

264 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



5,5:^4 

4,998 

5. 937 

6,512 

44, KW 

73, 700 

13,5(M) 

6, 650 

5. 232 

5. 994 

6,51; 

5, 534 

184,271 



Run-<»ff. 



Second-feet rk*»«*K4« 
p«r square ^Pi^}" 
*^mile. *°^^«»- 



I 



0.19 
.19 
.20 
. 23 
1.51 
2.61 
.4(5 
.2:^ 

.18 
.20 
.23 
.19 

.54 



0.22 

.20 

.23 

.26 

1.74 

2.91 

.53 

.27 

.20 

.23 

.26 

*>9 



7.87 



(I Jan. 1 to Mar. 15 and Dec. 18 to 31, river frozen; quantitiefl eHtimated. 
Note.— The daily discharges were obtained from the diw^barg e meaHurementM by interpolation. 



UINTA RIVER AT FORT DUCHESNE, UTAH. 

This river, on its emergence from its canyon, spreads out in numer- 
ous channels over its flood plain until it reaches a point a short dis- 
tance above Fort Duchesne, where its watei*s arc collected into one 
channel. Whiterocks River enters some distance above this point. 
A number of canals for the use of the Indians divert water between 
Fort Duchesne and the agency. On the west side are a number of 
small ditches, which in the aggregate take consid(»rable water; but the 
amount is difficult to estimate. On the east side are two principal 
ditches, known as C'anal No. 1 and Hench ditch. This station was 
established September 14, 1800, in connection with the investigation 
of the water supply for the Uinta Indian Reservation, and is located 
at the highway bridge at the fort. The permanent rod was established 
November 8, 1890, and is nailed to the southern end of the east crib of 
the new bridge. The bench mark is a nail is the southeast crib in the 
first header above the bottom and is at an elevation of 4,010.13 feet. 
The elevation of the zero of the rod is 4,007.20 feet. 



'68 STKEAM MKASUKEMKNTS IN \WZ, PABT IV. 



Dtito. 



JtinttHiry 31, , 

! January 11 

JmiTiary I (j 

February <l. __^_. 

February 13. .,. . 

February 3i> 

Fei^niary 27 
[ HttTcli T . . 
(Hftrch 13. .. 

hH4Tvb:^G. 

1 Aprils 

April 9 

April 15 _,,_.,, 

j April 2S 

' April ;jo. -...__. 

May? ..... 

May 14 

May 21 ..,.: 

May 3J^ 

June 5 ..___._..- 

Juno 11 .__, 

pTnue 18 

JtineSS ..., 

JtdyS , 

JtUyB ,,. ._ 

Jialyie - 

July 23 ._._,.... 

Jnly30 

Angnst 7- , 

Aiignet X4-.. 

Au^fmst 21 

Atigtist *28 

September 4 

September 11 

Septemlier W 



• *mt^»»mmr*-* 



Ily dn iffrapliisr. 



. ^..r•-•■--»■4-^•^« 



0. T. Prall . 

do 

.^..-do „, 

., - do 

._,.do 

, , , , _ do ,...,_... 
.... do 

.. do 

d<i . . 

dr. 

,.. do 

do 

„.,..4o .,.. 

....do, 

...do 

do 

...do 

..,.do ..,,...,, 

,..do . . .,, 

_,.^dr* -*^,..,. 

,...d0 . , 

do ....,..„ 

.„-dfJ . . 

,, -do, .., 

. .-do - - 

Prall and Reed . 
H*S.Eeed..---_ 

...do ... 

do _.-__, 

....do ......_. 

....do......... 

....do ,.^ .,- 

...do. ,. 



SeptemlMjr 21. ..^. ,.L*-,_do .. 

September 35 .L do *. 

October^ _...... -'..--.do -_ 



Jitfi^it. 



2,70 

2<ru) 

3.66 
3.7U 

2,m 
2,157 
S.7S 
3.90 
3.42 
4.B3 
4.&5 
3.93 
3.35 
8,13 
H, IS 
2.8« 
S.80 
2.67 
2.50 
S.441 
2.50 

!iS.49 
^.40 

2.30 
2.43 
3.10 
2. Tm 
2.53 



M 



JV«|. JSfci 



(»} 



«Ioa. 



] COLORADO BIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. ()3 

Daduirge mecumrements of Uinta River at Fort DficfwHtie, Utah — ContiimtHl. 



Date. 


Hydroirrapher. 


hei^l 

Feet. 
2.55 
2.55 
2.58 
2.61 
2.80 
2.70 
2.62 
2.60 
2.81 
2.90 


DiMchargo. 


1902. 
October 8 


H.S.Reed 


Second-feet. 

67 


Ortober22 


..do 


70 


October 30 


do 


66 


November 5 


do 


77 


November 12 


do 


151 


KoYember 19 ...... 


do - 


114 


Korember 26 ._ 


do -.-. 


65 


December 3 


do 


56 


December 9 


do 


105 




do 


83 


December 26 


.. .do 


92 











DaiXy gage height, in feet, of Uinta River at Fort Duchesne, Utah. 



Day. 



I.... 

:.... 
u 

5.... 



Jau. Fttb 



<•) 



(«> 



Har. 



Apr. 



^m 
%m 

SLID 

t, 711 






2. 


70 


2. 


70 


2. 


72 


2. 


65 


2.a5 


2. 


70 , 



f,7& 

t,m 

2.e» 

%.m 

t,f^ 
t.m 

%m 

ZM 

±m 

£53 
2.54 
2.56 
2.ti0 
2.70 
2.80 
2.68 
2.66 
2.66 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2.60 
2. 58 



May. 


June. 

4,m 


July. 


%m 


3.14 


£.AS 


*,06 


a. IT 


x^«& 


II.90 


3. OB 


tM 


S.0& 


3L05 


±M 


a»6 


%0H 


%M 


i].a& 


aoQ 


S,7fi 


fl.03 


rstj 


%.^ 


3.10 


SlSS 


^.m 


Lm 


S.87 


asft 


n.m 


1% 


3v48 


a 74 


8.83 


an 


aia 


*.«1 


%.m 


aTo 


£.«0 


B.m 


2M 


t.n 


aM 


3.W 


1T4 


4,0) 


3.48 


*73! 


im 


sise 


B.7>( 



Au(f, 



3. BO 
a .'S3 

a 19 

3.50 
4. IB 
4.4i& 
4.4^ 
4 10 
4.14 



3.SB I 
3.£5 < 
3,24 I 
3. a) ' 

a. IT 
an 

3.10 

a 10 
a 10 
a. 10 
all I 
ais 



S.79 

2.71J 

£,flH 
2.R5 

£.fil 

3.50 

e.4T 



£.4R 
2.40 

£.41 

e.w 

S.40 
2.W 

8.40 
£.40 

Stir 
£.« 
S.filJ 

z.m 

2.4G 
£,40 

±^ 
t.m 

S,3K 
2.Sj 

t.m 



Bept 



i.4T 

£.4S 

£,41 
£.30 
».3T 

s,a& 

£.3& 
f,3& 
£.3& 
S,37 
ie.38 
2,3M 
?.^ 

£.40 

\ £.M 

£.ri£ 
3. a* 

2. ,"42 
£.5£ 
£.&£ 
S.5Q£ 



Oct. 



^.53 
Z.50 
£.5S 

j ^'^^ 
t53 
£.54 
£.£5 

t.m 
2.m 

I £.58 
I * W 

; s.B^ 
I a,57 

I 2,56 
' 2.W 

! t.m 
' 2.iie 

I 2,50 
; £.56 

; tn^ 
I tM 
I £,5>* 
: tM 
I t^ 
I £.00 

z.m 

£«> 



NoY, iDec 



I 



£.SA 
£,5H 
2.60 

£.60 
£.flO 
£.6(1 

2.00 

£.e« 
f.n 

£.«; 

£.Sft 
2.«8 
£.04 
£.65 

2. TO 
£.70 
£.70 
2.70 

S!.70 
£.70 
£.«£ 

£.a» 

£.«a 

2.W 



£. 



iLflO 

£.«0 

£.eo 

£.53 

t.m 

£.70 
£,75 
£.«0 
£J0 
£»> 
£,»! 

£.ar) 

£.0£ 
*57 
£.53 
£.4M 

t.m 

tM 

£.«0 



\ 



o Hirer frozen. 



fm 



fi4 E5TREAM MEA^srREMKNT^^ IN IfKG, FART IV, 

k letting ifthy ftfT Viuhi Hir^r til Fm*! Dnrhi'sne^ Utah,f(H- J^J, 



r»f*. 



M^ 


DixKtmciitk 


^f^k 


&i«c.-iwn!tii. 


». 


mKTlmnn». 


iwiirki^ 


DiH3li*rfieL. 






8.i 




4 J 




ll.Wt 


0.4 


40 


S.Jl 


S70 


4.U 


i,4a3 


n.i 


a,afl8 


3,5 


na 


8.4 


420 


4. a 


Mian 


na 


8,472 


i.# 


^ 


8.5 


500 


4.4 


t,840 


5.3 


9,o:« 


5,7 


im 


3. a 


sm 


4.r> 


i>tm 


5.4 


s.»m 


2.8 


too 


a.7 


em 


4.5 


^,im 


ri.5 


*.tm 


3*9 


"Mi 


3.« 


770 


4.7 


:S.43!> 




J 


^.0 


INO 


a.n 


890 


4.« 


2,tm(j 






a.i 


sao 


4.0 

1 


1,050 


4.a 


1^,800 




^ 1 






1 


niwJmfVW tU BCMS^mdnfClQl.. 




per ^uarE> 




1 


■ Tifnntli. 


JlASJmtttii^ 


HtnJinttnt 


M<wti. 


i imn. 














1 


mxiUAry " . . 






l*2r> 


7,*JM0 


o.io 


0.22 


l:o 


Fe>>niary '^ , 






\m 


7*220 


.10 


.20 


M 


MarfU 


tm 


.W 


UB 


7, im 


AH 


,21 


.H 


April .... 


IflO 


70 


9H 


5, mr 


.t.-s 


.17 


.70 f 


May _....._ 


2,01>3 


&3 


mi 


4iK 7fK{ 


jm 


1.14 


.80 


jTine.^.,.^*. 


1 . CIBO 


3H0 


022 


.S7,U12 


.98 


1.04 


.SO 


Jnly 


«0H 


,S4 


158 


0,720 


.34 


.28 


M 1 


AuRTlAt .,.,,. 


60 


24 


4S 


2. G70 


.00 


.07 


.00 


Septemln^ ,^, 


sava 


80 


54 


3,217 


.Ofl 


,(m 


1.46 


Otitobt^r --.., 


its 


00 


751 


4.H52 


.12 


.14 


.00 


November.^-. 


isa 


00 


103 


0, 1152 


.ir* 


p17 


.00 


December**.^, 






m 


5,2ai 


An 


.15 


M 








The year. 


2,00(2 


24 


mi 


137.4fil 


.21^ 


3.88 


L^ 



a January 1 to March 1 and I>H'em})«r 21 to HI, river frozen; <iuantities estimatod. 

NoTK.— Daily diw^har^ros from November 2« to Docemlxir :U wen? obtained from the discharge 
measurements by interix)lation. 



OOIiOAADO BIVEB DBAIKAGE BASIN. 



65 



UINTA RIVBB NEAR WHITEROCK8, UTAH. 

he fall of 1899 an investigation of the water supply of the 
lan Reservation was begun by Cyrus C. Babb, and in this 

a number of gaging stations were established. Uinta 
rges from its canyon about 10 miles northwest of the Indian 
Whiterocks, and at this point a gaging station was estab- 
member 16, 1899. The gage rod is a 2 by 4 inch timber, 12 
bolted to two trees on the left bank of the stream. The 
k is a nail in an aspen tree 125 feet north of the rod, and 
m is 8.93 feet above gage datum. During flood stages dis- 
iisurements are made by means of a car and cable, but at 
bages they are made by wading. The bed of the stream is 
strewn with large bowlders, and the station is not altogether 
y, on account of the roughness of the channel. During 

the velocity undoubtedly will be great, owing to the rapid 
water. A few hundred yards above the station an impor- 
ary comes in from the east. At the present location a sec- 
el has io be measured, but it will never carry a largo volume 
Farther down the stream a number of larger channels are 

that it is difficult to obtain a satisfactory st.ation. 



harge meatmrements of Uinta River near Whiterocks^ Utah. 



Date. 




Hydrographer. 


' Gage 
; height. 


Dicicharge. 


902. 


C.T.Pr 
do . 


all 


1 Feet. 
■ 0.90 


Second-feet. 
126 






.. .' .85 


144 




.... do 




....' .90 


128 




....do 




.65 


124 




do 




.65 


123 




do 




.... 1.00 


160 




do . 




.75 


123 




do 




.85 


152 




do . 




....1 .75 


126 




do 




1 

' .90 


178 




. .do 




.80 


144 




... do 




.76 


129 




...-do 




. . ' .92 


179 




do 




....i .82 


148 




do 




.92 

1.70 

1 1.60 


179 




..do 


538 




do 


507 



85—03- 



m 



STREAM MEABUBKMKNTS IN UI02, PABT IV, f 

Dmcliurge. m^atturemimtii of Uinta Ri^mr tiear WhiierockH^ Utuh — Omttii^ 



Di^t^^ 



P 1009. 

MiiySft --. 

JuoeS ..*-.,.,,,,,-, 

JnwcrB -.^.... - 

Jnno t<) .,..-,-. -. 

June 23 , .^. -.-, 

Juneart _..,......, 

^yr...-.„„ ..,..., 

j!sayl4_„,-....._- 

July SI .- -— . .— _. 

JnlySK .... . , _„._, 

Augunt 4 ., . 

Angiiflt n.^,.--.,^..*- . 

sAttgust 19 



HyclrcsKtuphisr. 



jLngnst 25 .,- _. _ 

Septemljerl ,*„ 

Septeml)er H ....,*._,, 

September 15 ,,, ,..^-.. 

September ^3 

September *Jfl, 

Octot>er6 , ,__ 

October 30.., _„.„- 

Octobers? ...,..,,, 

November 3,., .,,,,.,_ 

Do._ „„„- 

Ko venit)er 1 . ^ , , _ _ ^^ ^ ^ 

November 17 ^,, 

November S4_^^^...._ 

Det-ember 1 ^ ^.__.-^-.,. 

December 17 

December 23 _. . . ^ .. . . 

December 30 , , , , _ _ _ . 



. C. T. PralK , 

'.--..dp ,_„. 

..„,ao ..-..-,. -, 

.....do __.„.„„,..__, 

....do-. ....,_.. 

^ — dd.-.. — .^.,*,,,,, ^, 

do . . 

CTPrall and H.S, Reed, 

H.S.Reed.- 

...do- ,... ,.....- 

do. ,„._. 

____.do-.-, 

do _ _ . 

_. _.d<i..._ , ,.. 

....Ao,,,.. -„...., 

do _,_ 

do.-.-.™.. -_- 

....do,.. .-....___. 

du _..._ 

.....do 

„_„do .„..-.-.. 

...do ................_ 

...do,.,,,,...........-. 

do........... 

do__. _....._.„ 

d« .,.. . 

.-do ......... 

.....do. ...... --,........ 

do ..... . 

...do . 

do ........ 



le^^ 



hetrl 



1,7» 
0.00 
a, 13 
LT5 
J.Kl 
1.45 
l.m) 
l.^ 
t.10 
1. 10 
LOS 

\.m 

1. 00 
.UT 

1.00 

,9a 

1.00 

.«s 

.98 
,dO 
.90 
.90 
.90 

.da 

.90 

1.07 
\.2S 

.m 

1.50 



Diat! 



IfelMH 



J OOLOBADO BIYEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 67 

DaUy ffoge height, in feet, of Uinta River near Whiterocks, Utah, 



D«f. 


•^ 


Fob. 


War. 


Apr.' 


M., 


jtUM*. 


Jolf. 


Ai«. 


S«|»t. 


Oct. 


Not. 


Dec. 


mm. 












1.10 




] 07 
































1.00 






%M 










a90 
















IM 


















o,fti 










aflo 
















an 












o.ao 






i.aD 
























M 




















113 
















aio 


-TO 














«0 






* 










\M 


















1.70 










.85 




























.% 






l.K» 


























.m 




















l.t< 
















M 


,m 














.fiO 


IM 
















\M 






1.00 
























.19 












.m 






1,10 






















3.00 


















LU 










.8S 






.m .^ 














-» 
















wr 












1 




L7S 






























.n 










. 


M 






LH) 












1 








.96 


















\M\ 








1 SO 








-m 






; 






















1 1 











I 



HTKEAM MKASUREMENTS IN 1902, PAKT IV. 



rito.ft. 



Estifnnied monthly dUchargt^ ttf Uinta Hiw^r n^ir Whiteto^^ IHuh.^ 



I 



K^aitb. 



Kutiary 

dan-h _ _ _ _ 

Lpril - 

itoy -^ 



rtay-- 

Ln^nst 

bpteuil>e)r _ _ „ . ^ 
>ctober _ 

)i3eember 



i 



The year . . 



Diflobar^e in soisciiul-feiet. 



J 
HiUElmtun. Mlntm&niH 



144 

i4n 

178 
1^5 
1,300 
1,000 
480 
200 
1T7 

led 

147 



1,300 



138 

im 

IflO 

\m 

107 
160 

140 
1^ 



Mmlil 



\m 

1S7 
144 
\U 
G55 
066 
362 
181 
167 

Ids 

125 



Tmi^l it] 



123 



7,063 
^687 
9J64 

34,114 
a»,579 
10,133 
11,144 
0, 923 

a,2GQ 



109,0^ 



Ihm-<ilL 



Second-fecit 



0.03 
.58 

.71 

8.05 

l.tJO 
,83 

.70 

.57 






0.71 

.TO 
5.40 

M 
M 
.71 



1,07 



1458 



allailj diKfaflj-gea woire obtAined ^tmi the d$iacharg« meavoTQiadfils bj interp^lAtion; 



WHITEROCKS RIVER NEAR WHITEROCKS, UTAH. 

A gaging station was established in the canyon of this river aboii^ 
10 miles above the United States Indian agency at Whiterocks ot^ 
September 15, 1899, by Cyrus C. Babb, in connection with the inves*^ 
gation of a water supply for the Uinta Indian Reservation. The g^ 
rod consists of a 2 by 4 inch by 12 foot timber bolted to the triple tru^ 
of a tree on the left bank of the stream. The bench mark is a n^ 
in a burnt tree 50 feet east of the rod, and is at an elevation of 10. ^ 
feet above gage datum. During flood stages discharge measuremei^ 
are made from a car and cable 200 feet above the gage rod. A 
ordinary stages they are made by wading. The bed of this river 
rocky, is strewn with large bowlders, and although permanent i 
character is not altogether satisfactory because of the fact that it i 
impossible to obtain accurate soundings. 



u] OOLOBABO BIVEB DBAINAGB BASIN. 69 

Diteharge measurements of Whiteroeks River near Whiterocks^ Utah, 




Oaffe 
height. 


Discharge. 


Ii>et. 


Second'/eet 


0.80 


52 


.90 


48 


.70 


89 


.75 


40 


.70 


47 


1.10 


44 


.70 


47 


.70 


47 


.78 


56 


.78 


54 


.73 


46 


.86 


66 


.88 


66 


1.12 


101 


2.10 


429 


1.75 


293 


2.75 


851 


2.20 


490 


2.00 


425 


1.70 


276 


1.40 


169 


1.40 


166 


1.23 


133 


1.05 


91 


1.03 


77 


1.00 


78 


.^7 


68 


1.00 


70 


.95 


64 


.90 


63 


.93 


61 


.87 


49 


.90 


51 


1.00 


67 


.90 


59 


.87 


56 


.85 


51 


.83 


47 


.80 


46 



BTKKAK KEASFREMENT^ IN l^ft2, PAKT TV. r»oi&^ 



DfttOw 



My^rttfpxs^»T. 



l^t. ^^»^' 



Kovember U 

November lrt_^., 
IIgT0iiiber 25.*.. 
SffCember 2 ..... 
December 18 ._.. 

December 34 

December 31 .... 



H. 3. Reed. 






AicvN^r^.r 



^ * 


m 




1 


41 




- c 


40 


L 




w* 


Ift 


r 


P 



' DaUtfgagrhf^tJn 


/*l5*i 


of Whiierta^-M Rityrr nrf ir IVhitt^rttek^, I 


[7^€*A. 




B*T^ 




Feb. Mftr. Afir. 


MMy. 


Jums 


j„i.. 


At^jSn^. 


n.t. 


Nor, 


D«a 


1 








6.71 






L«) 












»„„„,..-...>.-.,.-—« 












%m 






ill 
























Ia ». - 






IM 






a. 10 










0.60 


..„.. 


gA S ^ ^ 












aw 






i- 










l.lfl 

— i 


...... 


111 


.m 


&«r 


-.,-« 


r*'' 


.1^ . ■ 


a«i 


■"- 


..-*., 


.^ 


1 „_. ..__ 


..„.,: 


K*r'** 


«,„ .,„„__ 








.-..„ 


acitj 


ID^ ,. *,- 










11. _ ,„._ 




O-TO 


.70 














>8S 


__^,_ 


IS, 












l.OQ 




-" 


IS. , , - 










&10 






H 


.TO 




















JJl. 






,« 






LOft 


--- 


.m 






,^- 


U . , 












.** 


IT 












LTO 






*^ 


18.,* . 




.71^ 


.70 j 








M 






.on 


U^ 


It 


















»-- 










VIS 


, 












w^- 


JR. ,„. „,., 












■"'■" 






.81 







a^— .,-,.,..- _ 








•" 






i.oe 








^.. 


iB-„. „,„„,,,„.,.,..,. 














lot! 






_____ 


»4._„ _ 












Lia 










-** 


»,. .._., 




,ro 


















^* 


ae, ,.-,.__„...„.„ 














,00 


.-„, 


— „- 


^, 


g:...... _ ,„ 










I.7S 






^_ 


ffi . . . ^ . 


















.^ 




^^ 


Si ,.,-.-....- -..- „. 








.81 






LOO 






"\^ 


VO 


*" 












,» 


,--.., 


-..«, 




ai .,.,.,.,..„.,«... 



















ffi 








"*"'l" """1 



















COLORADO RIVER DRAIKAOE BASIN. 71 

aied monthly discharge of 'Whiterocks River iiear Wliiterocks, Utah.f^ 
[Drainage area, 114 square miles.] 





Discharge in second-feet. 


Totel in 
acre-feet. 


Run-off. 


•nth. 




Mean. 

48 
41 
48 


Second-feet 
per^s^uare 

0.42 
.36 
.42 
.50 
4.13 
3.05 
.96 
.59 
.50 
.46 
.42 
.39. 


Depth in 
inches. 


K)2. 


54 i 41 


2,924 

2,297 

2,955 

3,416 

28,947 

20,704 

6,684 

4,094 

3,410 

3,255 

. 2,830 

2,705 


0.48 




47 

55 

71 

1 100 

900 

200 

76 

67 


39 
44 


.37 




.48 




46 57 

76 , 471 
166 348 

77 1 109 
62 67 
49 ' 57 


.56 




4,77 




3.40 




1.11 




.68 


r 


.56 




59 i 47 ' 53 


.53 


r 


63 
52 


38 ' 48 

39 1 44 


.47 




.45 






) year 


1,100 


38 1 116 

1 


84,221 


1.02 


13.86 



r discharges were obtained from the discharge measurements by interpolation. 



ASHLEY CREEK NEAR VERNAL, UTAH. 

stream drains an area directly east of the Uinta Basin. 
i miles above the town of Vernal the river appears from its 
and within the next few miles a series of canals divert its 
3r flow, which is applied to the adjacent lands — Vernal Val- 
ich are extensively irrigated. A gaging station was estab- 
the canyon of this stream on March 15, 1900, by C. T. Prall. 
ated at the ranch of the observer, E. Marett. The gage is a 
rod, painted white, fastened to the west side of the single 
he wagon bridge. 

ench mark at this station was originally at the 4- foot mark, 
20-penny nail driven into the pier at that point, but owing to 
ing of the upper stringers of the pier the upper fastenings to 
rod pulled out and the bench mark has dropped one-tenth of 

that in the fall of 11)02 it was opposite the 3. 90- foot mark, 
age readings have not been disturbed as the bottom upon 
10 lower stringers rests, to which the rod is fastened, is of a 
manent character. 

launel is straight for a distance above and below the bridge 
bed is rocky. At high stages two other channels discharge 

1 of the water and these also have to be measured. 



STRKAM irKAf^nHKMKKTS T!T IWSj PART TT. 



[SQii 



Tht^ thive> principal eanali^ diverting water from Ashley Creek Woi 
I the flavin f^ Htaiion are, in order dt>wnstream, Upper Ashley caiu 



llock Point canal, uml t 'entral Ashley cuual. 

XHechmrg^ ftufOMurmti^uU i>f Anhieif Creek nsat F€f*»i«r, Utah. 


^ 


D^tei 






DI*Js«i». 




C.T-Prali . . 


0.60 

t.OO 

.60 

.60 


46.0 


Joly KJ _k^„ 


H.S.Reed 


1^.0 


1 November 6 «.._*-^- 


.do 


43. 


Deoember 12 ,.^,_^,,>, ,,, 


do _,._..,. , 


#.<» 









iMIlf gage height, in feet, of AMey Cfreek 



VmnuO^ UUk, 



fttf. 


AfQr 


Ifi^ 


Mmt. 


Apr. 


Mmj. 


Jww, 


J«1T. 


A^. 


B.^.- 


Ocl. 


Kar. 


Doa* 


, "* 


^m 


^m 


4W 


O.&fi 


IJC 


£.«0 


1.S8 


O.TO 


o.7n 


0.70 


0.05 


0.(0 


% ^«#V*..*.... _.n>.ri Ti.<k*_^«, 


M 


^.m 


.00 


.Ji6 


&A5 


S.4fi 


i.S5 


■ TO 


.70 


,70 


.flO 


,e 


4 ..„_.-,-^ 


M 

,«) 

.m 

M 
.00 

.m 

M 


M 

.an 
,aD 

,40 


m 

.00 

,m 
.no 

.60 


.no 
.^ 

.06 

.00 


14. 

£.!ao 

s.ao 


s.a5 
£.ao 

1«0 

sio 

£.03 
1.D& 

i.iw 
i.aa 


IJO 

l.t) 

1.15 

Lift 

IJul 

1. 10 , 

1.10 

\M 

1.06 

l.flO 


.10 
.TO 

M 

,w 

.10 
.78 
.Tfi 


.70 
.10 
.70 
,70 

M 

.05 
.66 
.BO 
.00 
.40 


.10 
.TO 
.10 
.10 
.TO 
.10 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.10 
.10 


.00 

.m 
.dO 
.m 

.40 
.00 

.» 

.00 
.70 
,70 
,05 


.oa 

.ID 

,« 
.OD 


^---— — 






*tt 


10,.-....^,- 


.00 


11 ._ 


.40 


le ..„. 


.m 


ia_.-„.. 


,00 


u.. . .. 


.00 


.410 

.«o 

M 
,60 


.00 
M 


.00 
.00 


a. 06 


1,73 
1.0H 

].oa 

1,00 


LOO 

i.m 

1.00 
l.OO 


.15 

.710 
.70 
.70 
.70 


.flD 

.60 

.ao 

.00 

.60 


M 
.05 
.46 
.45 
.ffi 


.00 

.00 
,00 

z 


.60 


1*--., 


.00 


16._„„-. 


.m 


17.. 


.w 


W, .**.-. ,„,-„-, .,„ 


.&&!' ,Ta 


.40 


H....... ._.„__.,., 


,m 


.on 


.fifi U.£5 


*.ao 


ISO 


LDQ 


.70 


.« 


.05 


.00 


.40 


iO_-. 


M 


.ou 


.&s i.aj 


SJO 


i.ifi 


W 


.70 


.10 


,m 


,00 


.00 


n 


.m 
.en 


.00 

.m 

.00 
.00 

.00 


.m 1-10 


2.00 
] lAl 
l.tT* 
LSO 
1,90 

a,15 


1 i,;ai 

1.519 

1.30 


.as 


.it) 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.70 


.§0 
.75 

.no 

,10 
.10 
.10 

.70 


.05 
,05 

z 


.00 
.00 
.00 

.00 
.flO 

.60 
.00 


.40 




.69 


.85 

.80 
.80 
.73 

m 


.40 




.40 
.00 




.00 




.on 


m 


.00 


^"" "- ■ ■ ■ 


.40 


,m 


.65 


.ari 

1,10 


g.fio 






.70 
.7t> 


.70 
.70 


.85 
-6A 


.flO 


.00 

.ao 


^Hti_..._.. 


.m 




,fift 


t.m 


iL»s 


1.30 


.m 


.70 


.70 


.as 


,00 


.00 


■t- - 


,m 




.Sfi 




aoo, 




.75 


.TO 




.65 


- - 


.00 



COLORADO BIVKB DRAINAGE BASIK. 



73 



Rating table for Athtey Creek near Vernal, Utah, for 1902. 



•A 


DiKlwrgeJ. 


Qftce 
heiglit. 


1 Discharge. 
Second'/eet. 


Gaffe 
height. 


Discharge. 
Second-fttt. 


Gage 
height. 

Fett. 


Discharge. 

1 

Second-feet. 


' fW. 


Sectmd-ftet, 


^t. 


0.5 


87 


1.4 


202 


2.3 


474 


3.2 


! 774 


.6 


45 I- 


1.5 


> 280 


2.4 


506 


3.3 


810 


.7 


55 


1.6 


258 


2.5 


53H 


3.4 


846 


.8 


69 


1.7 


286 


2.6 


570 


3.5 


882 


.» 


85 


1.8 


315 


2.7 


602 


3.6 


918 


1.0 


106 


1.9 


846 


2.8 


636 


3.7 


054 


; 1-1 


128 


2.0 


378 


2.9 


670 


3.8 


990 


1 ^-^ 


152 ii 


2.1 


410 


3.0 


704 




; 


1.3 


176 1 


2.2 


442 


3.1 


738 







Ettimated monthly discharge of Ashley Creek near Vernal, Ctah, 
[Drainage area, 250 square miles.] 



Xonth. 



1902. 

Jamiary 

February ..." 

Harch 

April 

% 

June 

Jnly 

Angnst 

September .. 

October 

November. . . 
December... 

The year 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Run-off. 



Hasdmiun. 



50 
45 
45 
815 
882 
686 
164 



55 
55 
45 



Minimnm. > Mean. 

I 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



Second- i 

feet per . Depth in 
square inches, 
mile. , 



Rainfkll, 
in inches, 
at Vernal 
7i miles 
south. 



45 
45 

40 
40 
315 
152 
62 
55 
45 
50 
45 
45 



40 I 



45 
45 
42 

78 

533 

306 

108 

56 

53 

52 

46 

45 

117 



2,777 
2,498 
2,608 ■ 
4,665 

32,765 ; 

18,226 ; 
6,627 , 
3,429 I 
3,096 
3, 103 , 
2,737 
2,767 

85. 29S 



0.18 

.18 

.17 

.31 

2.13 

1.22 

.43 

22 

.21 

.21 

.18 

.18 

.47 



0.21 
.19' 
.20 
.35 , 

2.46 ; 

1.36 
.50 
.25 
.23 
.24 ; 
.20 ; 
.21 

6.40 



0.21 
.51 
.86 
.72 
.42 
.51 
.12 
.46 
.99 
.05 

1.12 
.97 

6.94 



u 




STREAM MEASLTEKMENTB IN 1902, PAKT IV. (s 



YAM FA mVSK AT CKAJClj COLO. 

Thi^ station ^^'&.^ establish^ by A. L. Fellows May 25, 1001, at 
wagon bridge about 1 miie southwest from Craig, Colo., this p 
being selected as the most suitable station on Tampa Riven 
gage consiHt^ of a v^erticiil t* by 4- iiieh timber faat^^ned to tlits m 
abutment of the bridge on the downstream side, the hmI being mar 
in feet and tenths vertitiiilly. The w a^on bridge i*^ marked eve 
feet* The ehannel is deep at this point, and at low stages the eur 
IS sluggif^h, but measurements give good results, a^ the chai 
ehanges but little. Tlie ol>server is II. Jon^ of Craigj who n 
the rod daily. 

The following discharge mea^ui'ements were made during liKli 
A, J, McCune and J. E, Field: 



I 



July 7: Cfage height. ^i.^A) feet: ilL*cliArge, 987 second -feet* 
Octi>b<?r 15: Gag*^ hmght^ 2.30 f^et: diaohnrge, 24 S Rec'fmd*ft«t* 

Ikjity gage height^ infeat^ of Tampa JJitwr at Craig^ (Mo. 



D»y, 


Apr, 


aiir- 


Jtme, 


July. 


Am- 


E 




acjo 

a. en 
a. ill 

B.TP 


&»> 

T.ao 

THJ 
T.70 
7,5(1 

T.OU 

7, mi 

7.6R 
T.H6 
7.«1 
ISI 
7. flu 


7.10 
«.« 

r.io 
e^w 

a. 90 

8.7^ 

fl.eo 

' fi,44) 

5. no 

6.10 
AM 
4.7IJ 
4.60 

*.«. 

4. to 

«.7tl 

».^ 
3. 00 


8,aQ 

&4U 
B.»l 
8.^ 
H.3I1 
3.80 
3,10 
3.Tja 

B.m 

2.70 
2.70 
£.60 
g.50 
e.40 
0.40 

s,eo 

£.«! 
£.50 
S.*l 

e,4«i 

£.30 
£.30 
£.30 
S,30 
130 

£.ao 


£.OT 

IM 

j.m 

LflO 
3.111 
LVO 
1.90 
LflO 
1.90 
1.1» 

1 vo 




S_. ,_ ...,..*„„.. 








^ 
















a.„. ...„._ 




».,„.._„,.- .-,..„.. . 




w. -.....,„„.,„..„,„„..„, ,.,_ 




U „, _.„ 




if-,..- 




18«,--......, 




u^.... ..„_, , .„„, , 




Ul_„ ,.,. ._„. , _ ._ 


a.fiO 7-TU 
4.m T.(M) 




li„ .......... 


I DO 


17 ......,.„.„ „„ 


l.H) 


a,. „,.,.„ .„„ ...... , 


I W 


a. ......^..................^. ....^.... 


i.tw 


»._.- ._,.,._.„ .,-..„* - 


S.9U 
5.441 

5.00 
4.|fll 
i.H) 

4 W 


n.on 

&.70 
fi.40 

nw 

7 ft) 


l.BO 


a >,,.,. „„.-,„ .^. _ 


1 flO 


«.- 


1 flO 


m........ ..„«,„, . * 


1 VO 


«._- „. — ,-„ ,_-„, 


1,«W . 


»__„. „.„ 


1 ai 


m ..-.. 


1 Ml ' 


IT..., 


l.W 
L«l 


"* 


m ,..- -_-. ....^............^... . . 


5 TU 7 -'Ul 




j»„, ,. .„„. 




m 




«L ...^........^.. 




T.SO 











aNoobtterver. 



OOLOBASO BIVEB DBAINAGE BASIN. 



75 



Bating tcMefor Yampa River at Craig, Colo., for im)2. 



fisr.| 




F^t, 


See.'feet. 


1.8 


90 


2.0 


136 


2.2 


ld8 


2.4 


276 


2.6 


370 


2.8 


480 


3.0 


606 


3.2 


748 ! 

1 



8.4 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 



Sec'feet. 
906 
1,081 
1,285 
1,520 
1,780 
2,058 
2,352 
2,662 



QtMe 
leignt. 



heigl 



Feet. 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 



Discharge. 


Gkure 
height. 


Sec.-feet, 


1 

; Feet. 


2,985 


; 6.6 


3,320 


; 6.8 


3,664 


; 7.0 


4,016 


! 7.2 


4,376 


1 7.4 

1 


4,744 


1 7.6 


5,120 


i 7.8 


5,502 


! 8.0 



Diacharge. 

Sec-fret. 

5.891 
6,2a5 
6,68:^ 
7,086 
7,494 
7,904 
8,316 
8,728 



Estimated monthly dischnrye of Yamjya River at Craig, ( Utln. 
[Drainage area, 1,73U square mileH.] 



Month. 



1902, 
April 

% 

Jnne 

July 

August 



Discharge in Bocond-feet. 



Run-off. 



Maximum. 


Minimum. 


4,195 


370 


8,728 


3,320 


8,522 


825 


1,081 


198 


165 


90 



Mean. 



Total in | 

a<" re-foe t. . Second-feot 
I per SQuare 
mile. 



1,797 j 

6,722 I 

3,969 I 

479 I 

115 I 



106,929 

413,820 

236, 172 

29,452 

7,071 



1.04 
3.89 
2.29 

.28 
.07 



Depth in 
inches. 



1.16 

4.48 

2. 55 

.32 

.08 



QREEN RIVER AT GREENRIVER, WYO. 

The gaging station at Greenriver, Wyo., is at the crossing of the 
Union Pacific Railroad. It was established May 2, 1895, at the pnmp 
house of the Union Pacific Railroad Company. The rod is fastened 
to a pile near the east end of the bridge. The bench mark consists of 
a cross on the third step from the bottom on the south end of the east 
Hbutment, and is 12.48 feet above gage datum. As the section under 
the railroad bridge is poor, discharge measurements are made from 
the iron highway bridge about one-half mih^ below. The station was 
temporarily discontinued during the latter part of 1900 and for part 
of 1901. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
A. J. Pai-shall: 

March 31: Gage height, 0.48 feet; discharge, 307 second- fp<»t. 
April 9: Gage height, 0.85 feet: discharge. 096 second-feet 
April 18: Gage height, 0.98 feet; discliarge, 797 second-feet. 
May 3: Oage height, 1. 15 feet; discharge, 958 second-ieel. 
May 28: Gage height, 2.20 feet; discharge, 2,244 second-ieet. 



I 



70 8T111CAM MKASniiKMKNTH IN 11*02^ PART IV. (wiiS, 

VoUlf gage fieighi, in feet , &/ Qrmrk Mimr, at Gn^^rimr^ W^fo, 



f ^ 


Apr. 


ItaT- 


JmM, 


JolT. 


All«. 


e*pt 


Oet. 


Kw. 


ISttt. 

l„.„_ , .__ 


0.110 
.CO 

.t& 

.SH 
.!» 

M 

IM 

.m 

.90 

tio 

IM 
1.40 
1.10 
LIS 
L40 
L4B 
L4S 
1.JS 

i.ao 

L90 


Lift 
1.M 
LiO 
LIS 

Lin 

LUfi 

l.on 
LOO 
LOO 
LOB 
L13 
!.»» 

h*m 

LS» 

10a 

B.77 
*,7B 
a. 70 

n,m 

1€G 

f.i» 

s.8e 


4.ia 

4.fS 
417 

asa 

a, 47 

M,IE? 
a 77 

i.m 

4. so 

4,m 

4,ffi7 
4.57 
Lm 
4. £5 
a% 
JiST 
9,47 

».1S 
«,rir 

ans 

3,13 
»J7 
3.35 
3.35 


lew 

aw 
i.8a 

t.s* 

a4H 

e.s8 

a IS 

a. 10 

«:!& 

lift 
£.lfl 

«.(.« 
i.m 

I.W 
L85 
LH& 

LaOi 

LflO 
LSD 


l.W 

i.er 

LIVI 

LAS 
LIS* 

Lfia 

L ifi 

L4il} 
L3I 
L35 
L3tt 
LSD 
L« 
L80 
LBO 

i.m 
i.ai 

L» 
Li9 
L«* 

i.m 

LM 
LSt^ 

i.£0 
«.»0 

LS& 

1.10 
LIO 


LIO 
106 

LAG 
Lm 

LiU 

Lno 

.BfT 
.lift 

Mi 

.m 
.m 
,rj 
.a 

-75 

.96 
LllO 
.115 

.m 
.m 

M 


,^ 

.M 
M 

:m 

M 

.m 

.50 
JSO 

.50 
.W 
.SO 
.ISO 

.50 
.SO 

.50 
.Ml 
.50 

.m 

m 
.m 

.4^ 
.45 
,4& 

,4& 


' nil 


£. . 




3.„. .-„„,. ,,.. ,,. . ,„.... 




1 




fi_ ,..„. 




«...„.,-.„„..„„„, , ....-, ,, 




T. .„„„._. ,„.,„. 




«„.„ 




S_„. ...„,,,„.,.,.„ 

JO -..._. .-. .- 


-.»«,, 


11 .. 




ia_„,_ , 




la... .„.„..-„.,. 




u -., „ 




i& -„ ..„,,.., „ 




17--„.„, .-..„ 

ii_ , 




19. ,„.,,.._.. -.„. _... 




10 




n............ „„ 




m... ,. „„.. 

m., „. 





lL-„, 




m..... .„ , 

fiS,,.,.. .., 


,.„...- 


m.. , . „„..-.,., :,. 

m.......... .......... ....^ ., 





!!.„,„_ 












Mating tfihhfor Greeft Rivef ut Greenrivm'y Wyo.^f&r J9O0. 



height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


i Gage 

1 height. 


Discharge. 


Oaee 
he^t. 


Discharge-l 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


' Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-fe^^- 


0.1 


30 


1.2 


1,055 


1 2.3 


2,430 


3.4 


5,8213 


.2 


90 


1.3 


1,165 


2.4 


2, 630 


3.5 


6,18^ 


.3 


160 


1.4 


1,275 


i 2.5 


2,860 


8.6 


6,55^ 


.4 


240 


1.5 


i,3a5 


2.6 


3,130 


3.7 


6,920 


.5 


330 


1.6 


1,495 


2.7 


3,410 


3.8 


7,28* 


.6 


430 


1.7 


1,605 


2.8 


3, 700 


3.9 


7,65^ 


.7 


580 


1.8 


1,720 


2.9 


4,030 


4.0 


8,01» 


.8 


635 


1.9 


1,845 


1 3.0 


4,375 1 


4.5 


9,848F 


.9 


740 


8.0 


1,975 


3.1 


4, 725 


5.0 


11,678^ 


1.0 


845 


2.1 


2,110 


3.2 


5,090 






1.1 


950 


2.2 


2,260 


3.3 


5,456 







OOLORADO BIYEB DBAIKAGE BASIN. 



77 



)w- 



Estimated monthly discharge of Oreen River at Chreenriver, Wyo. 
'^ T'l [Dnisa^e area, 7,tfO tquare miles.] 



3n 



Month. 



1903. 
iliril 

^1 

Jmie , 

Jnly 

August 

September . 
October 



Discharge in second-feet. 



ICaximom. 



1,385 

7,«35 

10,768 

4,550 

2,260 

950 

880 



Minl m n m . 



285 
845 
4,875 
1,720 
950 
380 
285 



Mean. 



844 
2,262 
7,104 
2,678 
1,887 
656 
329 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



Rnn-off. 



Second-feet! rw»«*v ,•„ 



50,153 

138,845 

419,990 

164,043 I 

a5, 130 j 

38,937 j 

20,206 I 



Ue. 




O.ll 


0.12 


.30 


.85 


.95 


1.06 


.36 


.42 


.19 


.22 


.09 


.10 


.04 


.05 



Miscellaneous measurements in the Colorado River drainage Ixfsin. 



Date. 




Stream. 


LocaUty. 


Dis- 
charge. 


Horemberld.. 


W.D.Smith 

do 


Gila River 


Near month 


Sec. feet. 
25 


HoremberSS . 


do 


do 


8H6 


DeeemberlS... 


do 


do 


do 


2,109 

238 


December M... 


do 


do 


do 


KoremberU.. 
DeoanberU... 


S.O.Bennett... 
W.D.Smith 


Imiwrial Canal 

do 


International boundary 

do 


874 

494 


October 18 

October 16 


J.B. Field 

do 


Tampa 

Williams Fork 


Steamboat Springs, Colo. . . . 
Hamilton, Colo 


112 
47 


October 11 


do 


Grand 


Near Piney Creek 


488 


October 18 


do 


Elk River 


Tmll, Colo 


147 


October 14 


do 


Tamjia 


Hayden, Colo 


235 


jQlyT 


A.J.McCime.... 
do 


Williams Fork 




136 


J%10 


SnakA 


N€«r Dixon . 


25i{ 


October 11 


J.E. Field... 

W.P.Edwards.. 
do. . . 


Rock Creek 


Near McCoy's ranch 

At mouth 


11 


JiiIjlS 


Lathos Creek 

Taylor River 

Spring Creek 


15 


JiUt13 


Clarke's ranch 


259 


'^myia 


do 


N«ar fl-nnnijuiTi. Cn\n 


19 


July 14 


do 


Cebolla | Between Spencer and Dubois 

taik6 Fork 1 Carr's ranch 


«7 


'''uly 15 


do 


171 


^uly 15 


do 


Pine Creek ! Near Gate Viow 


13 


^nly 15 


do 


Little Bine Creek... 
do 


At mouth 


9 


^ulylS 


do 


Above junctitm 


18 


^oly 15 


do 


Little Cimarron 


At mouth 


16 


^alyl5 


do 


Creek. 
Cimarron River 


At Cimarron, Colo 


119 


"Mfirnii 21 


A T^,Ff»11ow« 


Mancoft 


18 


^xayl2 


do 1 do . 


do 


5 


July 17 


do 


UncomiMihgre 


Fort Crawford. Colo 


63 











tS SIBBAII MKA£3UJiEM£NTB IN IW2^ 1*AET IV. 



H^-TKRIOIl BAHIK* 



J 



XJiider this head i8<!omprt»e<l the liir^t^ cxteni of arid eonniry whM 
inoliideB nearly the wbolo uf Nevada , tliu nortliorn <ifid wogt^^rn parU 
of Utah, and small porlionH of ChI ifornm and Idaho, Ilavinf,^ m 
outlet to the sea, the entln^ di-Hinago of this vaiti tiaain in lo^t mainl; 
through evaporatimi from ihe nuDieroim lukeBand etlnks In which tiu 
waters of the rivers ooiiecii. 

The largest of the lakes is Qreat Salt Lake, i^eh receives tin 
waters of that portion of the basin lying in northern XJtali andldalio 
Sonthwestem Utah drains into Sevier Lake. Otber important like 
are Humboldt, Pyramid, Winnemuoca, Carson, and Walk^, idl ii 
western Nevada. These lakes receive the basin toiinage frm 
Nevada and California. The principal riv«». in this section ares 
follows: 

Bear River has its source on the northern dope of the Uinta Moiu) 
tains in the northeastern part of Utah, and after a eironitoas ooozsc 
in which it leaves Utah and enters Wyoming, reenters Utah, am^eii 
again in Wyoming, then in Idaho, and reent^» ITtaJi, it finally dii 
charges its waters into Great Salt Lake. Considerabto irrigation 1 
practiced on certain portions of the river. Logan Rivw empties int 
Bear River in Cache Valley, Utah. Blacksmith IPork is a teibntsi; 
of Bear River from the western slope of the Wasatch Range. 

Weber River rises in the high country east of the Wasatch Moue 
tains. Passing through that range, it appears in the plains legion i 
the vicinity of Ogdeu, where, after receiving the waters of Ogde 
River, it discharges into Great Salt Lake. There are a number c 
good reservoir sites on its upper tributaries, some of which have bee 
utilized within the last year. 

Prove River rises on the western slope of the Uinta Mountains an 
after receiving a number of tributaries enters what is known as Heb( 
Valley, where considerable irrigation is practiced. After crossiD 
this valley it passes through the Wasatch Mountains in a picturesqu 
canyon, and finally enters Utah Valley, where its summer flow is con 
pletely diverted for irrigation purposes. Its flood waters dischar^ 
into Utah Lake. 

Sevier River drains a large area in the southwestern part of Utal 
It flows northerly until it enters Juab County, then makes a short ben 
and flows southwest into Sevier Lake. San Pitch Kiver joins Sevi< 
River near Gunnison, Utah. 

Humboldt River rises in the extreme northeastern part of Nevad 
and flows in a general westerly and southerly direction, final) 
entering Humboldt Lake, whence its waters find their way into tl 
Humboldt and Carson Sink. The general direction of the mountai 
ranges of this basin is north and south, crossed at nearly rigl 



L'a 



L] INTEBIOB BASm. 79 

by the main Humboldt River. The tributaries flow in the 
Ifeneral direction of the mountain ranges, and drain either to the 
lorth or to the south. During low stages the water of the river is 
it wholly diverted. For the future development of the country 
neoarse must be had to the construction of storage reservoirs. Of 
Ab tributaries, the North Fork enters it west of Peko, Nev., and the 
Soath Fork enters it about 10 miles below Elko, Nev. 

Pine Creek is a tributary from the south and joins it near Pali- 
Mde, Nev. Marys River is one of the headwater tributaries of the 
Humboldt. 

Walker River is formed by two branches which have their sources 
leross the Nevada-California boundary, in California. It flows 
north and then takes a sharp bend to the southeast, emptying into 
Walker Lake. 

Carson River has its source on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada 
in eastern California, and flows northward into the State of Nevada. 
The East and West forks unite near Genoa, Nev., in Carson Valley. 
At Empire, 3 miles east of Carson, after having traversed the Upper 
Carson Valley, it turns to the northeast and enters a deep canyon, 
through which it flows for several miles, emerging into a second 
fmaller valley a short distance above the town of Dayton. After 
leaying this valley it passes through two other shorter canyons and 
through one rather large valley before entering Lower Carson Valley, 
or Carson Sink Valley, as it is also known, and discharging its waters 
into the Carson Sink. 

The Truckee has its source on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada in 
eastern California and flows northward, entering Lake Tahoe, which 
is at an elevation of 6,225 feet and the largest body of fresh water in 
the United States at this considerable altitude. The area of the lake 
is 193 square miles. Its outlet is at Tahoe, Cal., from which point 
Truckee River has a general northward and eastward course, receiv- 
ing several imjwrtant tributaries which contribute to its flow. It 
drains into Pyramid and Winnemucca lakes, which have no outlets. 
Donner and Prosser creeks are tributaries of Truckee River. Inde- 
pendence Creek discharges into the Little Truckee, a main branch of 
Tmckee River, entering it at Boca, Cal. They drain areas of 31, 50, 
and 8.5 square miles, respectively, lying to the northwest of Lake 
Tahoe, in California. 

Susan River has its source in the Sierra Nevada in northeastern Cali- 
fornia, and flowing eastward discharges into Honey Lake — one of the 
land-locked lakes of the Great Basin — of which it is the principal 
feeder. A considerable area of land is irrigated from tlie waters of 
the river below the gaging station, and during the last ten or twelve 
J^ears several projects have been started for irrigating other extensive 
«reas by the storage of its waters both above and below the town of 
Susan vWe, 



The following is a list of stations In tiie Interior dminage tiadn: 

Bear Riyer near Colliiirtoii, trtidi. 

Bear BiTer at Battlecreek, Mir Presloiit Idalia 

Btsokamilh Fork at Hyniai, UtaiL 

IjQgaii BiTer near Logaa, TTtaiL 

[Weber Biyer near ninta» UtaiL 
PtoTO River n*iar Pro^o, Ut^all. 
Sevi(wr River near G-nmdmm, tJtali. 
San Pitch River nf-ar OnimiHm, Utah. 
Hmnlwldt River near Oreena, ISfew. 
HumbtfjMt River near Oolcouda, Nev. - 
Himit>oldt River at Palisade* Ner. 
Pi lie Creek at Palisade ^ Nev, 
Hmuboldt River (Sontti Fork) at Maaoii*B zancali, near BBdo; Ner. 
Hiimlx>ldt River near Elko, Nev. 
Hnmboldt River (Nortli Fork) near Bllmn etalioti, near HaBeck, Kev. 
MarjB River at Bradley's Hume rancli, near Bei^, Hev. 
Walker Hiver near Wabnska, Nev. 

Walker Biver (East Fork) at Boas ranoh, near Yeriiig:ton, Ner. 
^^^^ Walker Biver (West Fork) at npper end of Antelope TaOey, near CSoleTilk 

^^^V Oaxeon BiT^r near Empire, Ner. 

^ Garaon BiTer (Bast Fork) at Bodmbah'e ranch, near Gardnerdlle, Nev. 

^^^ Gaiwm Bhrer (West Foik) at Woodfords, OaL 

^^^H TrnckeeBiyeratTahoe, GaL 

Tmdcee River at Vista, near Beno, Not. 

Tmckee River near Mystic, at Nevada-California State line. 

Index>endence Creek below Index>endence Lake, near Overton, Cal. 
* Prosser Creek below Proeser Creek Ice Company's dam, near Boca. Cal. 

Donner Creek near Donner Ice Company's dam, near Tmckee, Cal. 

Snsan River near Snsanville. Cal. 

BEAR RIVER NEAR COLLINSTON, UTAH. 

The gaging station at Collinston was established July 1, 1889, an 
is located about 4 miles from the railroad station at O)lliiiston, 
miles east of the town of Fielding, Utah, and below the headworks < 
the Bear River canal. The gage consists of a vertical iron rod gradi 
ated to tenths of a foot. Tho bench mark is a nail in an oak post ^ 
feet west of the gage and 20 feet north of tho cable, and is at an el 
vation of 7.35 feet above gage datum. The equipment consists of 
cable, a tagged wire, and a boat. The observer is generally the ditc 
rider of the Bear River Canal Company, who has a house near tl 
station. The banks of the stream are high and the channel is gravell: 
with bowlders, the water flowing with moderate velocity. At this poi:] 
it has a slope of 0.55 foot in 600 feet. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made 1 
G. L. Swendsen: 

July 16: Gage height, 0.40 foot: discharge, 324 second-feet. 
July 20: Gage height, 0.30 foot; discharge, 205 second-feet. 
August 18: Gage height, 0.40 foot; discharge, ^^ ^ecoud-toet. 
Aagra8t26: Oage height, 0.45 foot; diBcYiarge, ftO secoud-le»\.. 
•December SO: Qage height, 0.51 foot; discharge, 40^ ftecoiid-l^X., 



nviLL] INTERIOR BASIN. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Bear River near Collinston, Utah, 



81 



D*f. 


Ju. 


Fttb. 


tCfkr. 


Apr. 


May. 


JtUIA. 


July, 


Aug. 


Sfljrt. 


Oct* 


Hot, 


Deo. 


1 uor. 


























u., .._,„..._„., 


1.70 


L« 


1.8& 


L0& ^.im 


a 60 


0.^ 


-^.10 


-o.te 


o.eo 


0.80 


0.85 


j._, „_., 


L76 


t,aD 


1.7S 


L65 


a,w 


3.00 


.30 


- .10 


- .55 


.m 


.^ 


.85 


1... „ 


Lffl 


L» 
L06 


LIB 
l.-KS 


LTO 
L7& 


£.00 


3.00 

a 43 


,30 
,10 


- .10 

- .10 


- SO 

- .10 


-80 


.m 
m 


.40 


L ,..„„ 


.40 


L ..„,.„.. , 


Leo 
\.m 

LftO 
1.86 

i.a& 


i.ao 

LOO 
1.75 


Lffi 
L6S 
L65 

LTO 


L80 
l.W 
LOO 

e,^ 

3.00 


2.m 
a. TO 

s.ao 

i.TO 


a 80 
a 15 
aoa 
auo 
a 00 


.35 
.35 

.40 


- .15 

- ,ao 

- ,E5 

- .30 


" .15 

- -flO 

- .» 

- .80 


,80 
.80 

:: 

.40 


.«o 
.« 

.80 


.45 


1 ..„ 


.50 


L„ „ 


.50 


f , _, 


.55 


*„.__, 


.m 


H,„..._ _., 


t8D 


L«0 

1.8S 


L8Q 


8.76 


£.80 


a 10 
a 10 


,40 
.40 


- ,3S 

- .40 ' 


- .80 

- .20 


LOO 
.30 


,90 

MO 


.00 


H. .._. , 


.30 


»_„, , 


LIS 


Lgo 


LTO 
1.75 




am 

3.10 


a 10 
a 10 


.40 


- .40 

- .40 


^ .10 
-- .10 


.00 
,30 


LSO 

L80 


.30 


BL._ 


.TO 


ll..„.™ 


LID 


190 


L70 


t.lh 


3.15 


a 00 


.85 


- .40 


- .10 


.W 


L40 


.80 


1ft, „ „.„ 


LTD 


J.TO 


l.-m *J5 


3.15 


a 00 


.40 


^,40 


- .10 


.00 


Lgo 


.60 


i....,„_._ „ 


LTO 


LTO 


L«5 


S.70 


3. SO 


t.m 


.45 


- .45 


^ 10 


,90 


.SO 


.40 


n 


LfO 


L70 


1 €& 


i.B5 


3. £5 


t.m 


.45 


- .45 


.00 


.00 


,flO 


.30 


II ,_.._,. 


Leo 

L6S 


Lao 


LW 
LBO 


£.66 
2.00 


8.30 
3.90 
8.30 


g,ao 
leo 


.40 
.30 


- ,i5 

" ,46 

- .45 


,10 
.10 

.so 


.30 
.fX) 
.30 


M 
.40 


,80 


i» 


.36 


i..„ ,„..j 


L« 1 1.T0 


.40 


B. _„. 


1,86 \ l.TO 


L75 
L» 


3.00 
3.«Q 


3,30 
3.JW 


«.ao 

£.10 


.SO 


-.45 

- .45 


.30 

.ft) 


,30 
.80 


.50 
.50 


.40 


a. -..„„ 


l.ffi 


LOB 


.40 


s 


LW 


L«a 


L»0 


aso 


aeo 


t.oo 


.15 


- .45 


.30 


.80 


.60 


.40 


II. 


1,«0 
L40 
1.4D 


LQ& 
LTO 


1,75 
1.70 
LtO 


8,30 
8.30 


a 10 
a 10 
a 10 


LflO 
L«0 
LTO 


.10 
,S0 

,so 


^ .60 

- ,50 

- .50 


.30 
,30 
.30 


.BO 
.30 

.90 


.BO 
,40 
.40 


.40 


«. __ „„ 


.45 


«_,.,.,„., 


.45 


«7.„ 


1.40 


L»& 


l:d 

LW 


3.10 


a so 
a 25 


1 W 
L^ 


.10 


- ,flO 


.50 


.80 
.80 


.30 
.30 


,40 


ft..„ ,. 


.40 


^„..,_„ 


I4fi 




LTO 


3,00 


ago 


.SO 


.10 


- 55 


.80 


.HO 


,35 


.10 


«,...,...,. 


LW 




1.TO 


3e.i» 


a 85 


,50 


.no 


- .ao 


,T0 


.30 


M 


.40 


«i , . ._ 


Lte 




L«fi 




a^fi 




-.10 


^ ,flO 




,m 




.40 



Rating table for Bear River near CoUinstony Utah, for 190^. 



hel^t. 


Discharge. 


h^Ll 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


1 
Discharge. 

1 


Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


See.'feet. i 


Feet 


Sec.'feet. 


j Feet. 


Sec-feet. \ 


Sec-feet. 


-0.1 


280 


0.7 


370 


1 2.0 


1,470 


3.6 


3,340 


.0 


280 


.8 


410 


1 2.2 


1,670 


3.8 


3,600 


.1 


280 


.9 


460 


2.4 


1,880 


4.0 


3,860 


.2 


285 


1.0 


530 


2.6 


2,100 


4.2 


4,140 


.3 


290 


1.2 


690 


2.8 


2,330 


4.4 


4,420 


•.4 


800 1 


1.4 


870 


3.0 


2,570 


4.6 


4,700 


.5 


810 ' 


1.6 


1,070 


3.2 


2,820 


4.8 


5,000 


.6 


840 


1.8 


1,270 


3.4 


3,080 


5.0 


5, 300 



IRR 85 — 03- 



TOT 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS TTT 11W2, TAUT TT- ^»^ 

Eittimnied monthly dmcharge of Bear Hit^r near CoUinMrtH^ Ulnh* 
[Drainage kp^s^ ^Oti) tuition! xalloiL J 



^ 



Honth. 



' January . .^„ 

Febnmiy 

March 

I April ...._,-. 

May .... 

Jmitt. .-, 

' Jtay 

August ^ ^,. 

September .- . 

OL'tx>ber .,^* 

: November , . . _ ,^**.» 
December 



Dlflcluiiive Iq Beccmd'fa^t. 



M&ximttiiL 



1,470 
a, 145 

305 
380 
«70 
A3Q 
970 
410 



MizLimuEa. | M^«^. 



870 
1,021) 

1.120 

ain 

1280 
280 
280 
300 
200 
S90 



1,191 

1, ii>i 

2§0 
S80 
4ST 

430 



TotMlin 
i4iC;T&>feet, 



Bus-alf. 



mile. 



70,034 

ofi, i4r> 

73*23S 

lLn),48i 
les^nii 

l!27, 230 
17,«54 
17,317 
17, \Wt 

24,9d2 

IS, 184 



The year . . 



;i,S4o 



t04a ' 7^,222 



0.10 
.S!0 
.SO 
Jfd 
.41 
.mi 
.ai 

• 05 

• 05 

.07 
.05 



.17 



f 



I>grf til (JJ 

1ih:1»^ 



a as 

.SI 

M 

M 

.06 
.Oft 



2-«J 



BEAK RIVEK AT BATTLKCREEK, IDAHO. 

This station, estabUshe*! (>et43ber 11, 1889, is about 10 miles nort*^ 
of the Utah- Idaho Iwundafy line. The station is of cotisiderable 
importane^ from the faet that its location m near the Utah-Ida^*' 
line, and the measureinentH there will indicate the volume of wjiter 
that passes from Idaho into Ut-ah, During llioi a large eanal vf^ 
coiJipletcd, appropriating the waters of the Bear about 8 miles beloflr 
Soda Springs in sufficient quantity to irrigate about 35,000 acres of 
very fine land in that locality. The original gage consisted of a ver- 
tical board nailed to a pile. This was carried away June 30, 1899, 
but was replaced on August 4 by a wire and weight, readings being 
made on a horizontal scale. The l)ench mark for the old gage was 
a nail in the southeast corner of a house near the gage, about 1.5 
feet from the ground and 10.95 feet above gage datum. There are 
two bench marks to which the present gage is referred. The first is 
a nail in the bridge floor beam close to the gage, and the second is 
three nails in the east side of the north post which supports the station 
cable. Both of these bench marks are 11.118 feet above the gage 
datum. The station is equipped with a cable and car. 



nmL] IKTEBIOB BASIN. 88 

Di9charge measurements of Bear River at Battlecreek, Idaho. 




Hydrographer. 



George L. Swendsen . 
do 



-do 
.do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
-do 



height. 



Feet 
1.60 
1.80 
1.72 
8.00 
3. 15 
3.40 
2.40 
1.25 
1.19 
1.32 
1.58 
1.62 
1.70 



Discharge. 



Second-feet. 

407 

606 

610 

1,803 

1,961 

2,281 

924 

855 

290 

385 

412 

455 

524 



Daily gage height , infect, of Bear River at Battlecreek, Idaho. 



Day, 



Jan. 


Feb, 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


l.l» 


I.m 


hn 


i.to 


1.75 


a 10 


i.m, 


1.IM1 


l.Tfl 


L74J 


*.7a 


a 10 


i.ffi> 


Lm 


LW 


L70 


a. 75 


I1.10 


i.m 


IM 


l-ttt 


Km 


1.711 


lilO 


<«> 


IM 


i.ra 


LS& 


14^ 


aio 


C") 


l.«» 


1.711 


$M 


9.gH 


St 10 


(-) 


1.4)0 


I.m 


».7n 


S.fiO 


a. 10 


(«) 


1.4MJ 


1*70 


:im 


s.au 


JIJO 


(•J) 


(") 


l.TO 


3,lO 


«.«» 


a 10 


(a) 


(") 


1.70 


2.0O 


a. en 


am 


(«) 


(«) 


l.TtI 


s.»o 


8.7V 


a 15 


LflO 


("> 


1.70 


aw 


1.75 


a 15 


1,00 


f") 


IM 


3.50 


2T6 


a 15 


Lao 


(«> 


l.TO 


aiiO 


1.76 


a 15 


LflD 


f"J 


1,10 


±m 


1.7fi 


aif> 


IM 


l.K^ 


LTU 


t.m 


l.W 


aa» 


l,flO 


L(fi& 


l.TO 


2. HO 


$M 


a«& 


LM 


l.ltj 


I.™ 


£.83 


li.tiTi 


;;.»& 


t«) 


tffl 


1,TO 


».m 


l.W 


a>w 


1.60 


1.% 


L70 


^£.8li 


2, DO 


a.7H 


LM 


l.te 


L?fl 


a. 90 


a. on 


;r.73 


i.m 


LW 


1.70 


&R0 


a. 00 


a.fift 


1.6U 


lfif> 


1,70 


S.OA 


8,fli) 


£Q» 


iM) 


1.G6 


L70 


£,yo 


n.m 


3,5» 


IW 


1.05 


I 70 


3, a) 


a 15 


£.53 


\.m 


l.rtT, 


1.70 


a 10 


a, 10 


3.*.^ 


i.eo 


t«5 


Ln> 


Sf.OU 


a 10 


£.»? 


i.m 


].^ 


1,70 


£.«] 


a.ifl 


s.i.-) 


hm 




1.70 


a.w 


-1. Ill 


8.W 


i.ao 




L70 


^.ft^ 


a. 10 


S.IH 


i.fl> 




1.70 




a, 10 


,„--.. 



July. 



Atttf^ 



Bept 



Oct. 



Nov. Dec, 



1 l"^ 

1 _[i 

i. _^_ 

*—.*.'!."!! 
*._.. 

1L,_ 

flL 

H. 

a..^ 

IS. _ 

»._ 

IT... _ 

ii._._. 

!•„ _„. 

a,.„ 

a.^ __.. 

■„ 

u „.__ 

*-, „ 

17„._ 

» 

3) 

a,... .„. 



aa> 

£.15 
l.Qfi 
1.88 
L«i 
I.M 
l.«S 
1.86 
1.831 
1,80 
l.«H 
l.«S 
1.66 j 

1,65 I 
1.58 I 

\M i 

1,4*< 

l,m 

I.m 
I.m 

L^ 

I.m 

],S7 
l.IiS 
L3S 
1 $i 
1.85 
l.J« 
l.l«} 
1.17 



t.so 

L15 
1.15 

1J5 
L.SO 

1.S5 

t.m 
hm 

I.m 

L45 
1.S.S 

I.eo 

l.(t5 
l,7tJ 
1.80 
1.8t> 

I.WJ 

I.M) 
LOT) 

l.flo I 

1.90 

1.W1 I 

1.00 

1.WJ 

LMO 

1,U5 

l.*0 



1,80 
l,iO 
i.ao 

1.80 
l.«0 
1 80 
I.mO 
1 70 
l.flO 
1.50 
1.40 
1,^ , 
l.Al I 
1,10 j 
IJtt I 
1 10 ) 
1J0 I 

I.m j 
l.g^ 
!.;«» I 
1.^ I 

1.31* I 

i.ao I 

1.:® I 
1.35 I 
i.nM ■ 

1.40 I 



L45 
L48 

l.6r» 

t.5^ 
1,53 

hen 

1.00 
J. 90 
I.OD 

l.w 
1.^ 
i.m 

l.Ott 
1.00 
L«> 

i.ao 

I.IK) 

i.ffj 

1.0(1 
l.W) 

i.ap 

1,M 

i.ou 

1,00 
l.fiK 
1,70 
L7D 
1.70 
l.TO 
L70 



1.65 
l.QS 
l.flS 
1.05 
l,ti5 
].«6 
i.e5 
1.8S 

I.m 

1.0& 
1,70 
L70 

L7n 

1,70 
L70 
L70 
1,65 
1,«0 
LQt} 

hm 

1.00 

M10 

LflO 

I.m 
i.rtr> 

l.flO 
1.00 
1.00 



1.01 

I.eo 

1.00 

1.00 
1.00 
1.00 

i.on 
i.oo 

1,00 

i.on 
i.iw 
I.eo 

1.00 

urn 
Lon 

LOO 

I.m 

1,00 
LOO 

Ltn 

1.8D 
L0O 

raa 
i.an 

LOO 
L80 



aOagelo6t 



f 



.84 STEKAM MEASHREMENTS IK !«)£, TAUT IT. 

^B HaHn0 tnN^ far Bear Miver at Battleereek^ Idaho j fm' JBOf. 



ImA 



&L 


DMIA»» 


!» 


Dikt^MTf^. 


l^M^t 


1 


iSsr. 




f%»t 


gf^^md-fi^L 


FmL 


^mm(^/««t. 


J'Vel, 


Me€OHdft*i 


FftH- 


Sf€mui-/«t, 


1.1 


m2 


L« 


576 


2,5 


umi 


8.2 


1,928 


L3 


824 1 


1.9 


632 


2.6 


1,2S0 


9.8 


2,(J«0 


1.3 


3.10 


2.0 


700 


2.7 


i,a34 


8.4 


2.m 


1.4 


383 


2.1 


77IS ! 


2.8 


1,443 


8.5 


!g,33« ^ 


I.Ti 


42(» 


2.3 


850 1 


9.B 


1,556 






1.5 


464 


3,S 


\m 


8,0 


1,676 






1.7 


5U 


2.4 


1.084 


aa 


1,«00 1 





Mtdimatrd mmtthl^ dim*harffff of Bear Eirier nt Bftttlecrerk^ Idaho, 



I 



McmtliL, 



11*1)2. 

Januiuy 

Febraary ... 

Man^h 

April 

May 

Jtom .,,, 

July ---. 

Axtgxmt ..,,. 
September _ . 
October , . . . . 
Koveiuber . . . 



Thi? yfsar - 



Dfwtliar^lfti in iiw7(4id'fe#t. 



MwUmnm. 



4$4 
0^14 

5U 
2,S2i6 

1,928 
2,Ji3fi 
M2 
0«v 
670 
614 
614 
461 



2,336 



MlnLniiim. 



464 
464 

514 
514 
M30 
776 
887 

ais 

803 

wm 

464 
464 



S02 



480 
514 

1.438 
1,498 
1,570 
498 
508 
406 
467 
485 
464 

783 






61,606 
85,1567 
91,601 
93,421 
30,818 
81, a^ 
24,159 
m, 716 
28,860 



529,894 



San-oJT. 






0,10 

,11 

AX 
.32 
.38 
.85 
,11 
,11 
.09 
.10 
At 
.10 



,16 



.11 

.a9 

.13 
.1^ 



2.3i 



BLACKSMITH FORK AT HYRUM, UTAH. 

Six irrigation canals and one large power canal are supplied by this 
river, and during the irrigation season the entire supply is utilized. 
The present gaging station was established July 19, 1900, by George 
L. Swendsen. It is near the tollgate at the mouth of the canyon. 
Daily readings are made on a vertical gage. The bench mark, a line 
of red paint on the top of a short cedar post near the north post of the 
tollgate, is 8.29 feet above gage datum. 



-1 INTEBIOB BASIN. 85 

Discharge meeuurements of Blacksmith Fork at Hyrum^ Utah. 



Date. 



1902. 

Jannary 27 

?ebruary 24 

Mirchi; .- 

April 29 

Ifa) 19 

June 2:^ 

July: 

Angnst 4 

September 16 

October 13 

November 24 

I>ecember 21 



Hydrofnrapher. 



George L. Bwendsen . 
do 



-do 
.do 
-do 
-do 
-do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
-do 



hei^\. 


Fert. 


2.80 


2.90 1 


2.92 1 



3.05 I 
3.28 I 
3.a5 ! 
2.99 I 
2.90 I 
2.78 j 
2.85 ! 
2.80 I 
2.78 ; 



DiMoJiarge. 

Second-feet. 
112 
114 
113 
129 
176 
130 
130 
115 
103 
119 
108 
102 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Blacksmith Fork at Hyrum, Utah. 



D.r 



1 

1— ., 

T,„.. 

11 

a 

If.,.. 
«-_ 



liMi. Feb, Mar. Apr. Kay. June. July. Antf . 8«pt. Oct. Nor. Deo. 



::/, 



t,m 
%m 

£.80 

%m 

t,m 
%.^ 
t.m 
s.ao 

» art 
S.80 

%m 



tM 

%m 
s.yu 

3.90 
IBO 

3,ft0 

£.«Q 
*flO 

£.110 
0.»A 
*90 
*90 



2.1m 

£.00 

£.00 
£H0 

fLSO 

£,» 
JC.TO 

e.oo 

2. DO 
1LkQ 



3.05 

au& 

3.(16 
3.1« 

3.0fi 
3.06 

3.U6 
3.06 

£.«! 

£,110 
£.fiO 

t.m 

£.90 
3.iia 

;i.oo 






&€0 

rt.flo 

aOD 

a. 00 

3.00 
3,0& 
BM 
B.QS 
3.fMi 
i3.U5 

ao5 

3.fti 

it. 00 I 

3.00; 

£.00.1 
e.flO ; 

^.«) i 
s.oo I 
S.0O ! 
B.d) ; 

a^ii 

3,011 
3.111 

3.or> 

&GP 
8.00 



8.30 

s,ao 
a. 30 

3.3U 
3,30 

aao 

3,30 

3.ao 

3.30 
3.90 
tflO 
2,M 
£.00 
3,80 

a^ 
a 10 
a 10 

3.10 

aoo 

3.00 
3.00 
£,90 
f,W 
2.90 

2.m 

S,80 
£.B0 



£.30 
£.a) 

£.ao 

£.«0 
£.80 
£.W 
£.80 

£.B0 

£.ao 

£,(0 
£.«) 
£.J«li 
£.80 
£.») 
£.«0 
£.80 
a,80 

2.ao 



£.00 
£,80 
£.90 
£.110 

%m 

£.^ 
£.80 
£.aO 
a.flO 
£,M) 
£.») 
£.JK) 
%dO 

±m 

i.flO 
s,no 

£.«» 
£.fiO 

zm 

£.A0 

ShHo ' £.m 

2.80 £,W 

2. no s.flo 

3.00 I g,«0 
3.90 U.8Q 
£.90\2.«0 



£.80 
£.80 

£,«0 

s.«o 

£,80 



aw 

£.90 
£.8fi 

t8S 



£.B5 
£.» 

£,B& 
£.90 
£.90 

£.90 ; £.85 
£,«o! £.90 ' ^.85 ' 
%m \ £.00 : £JtU ' 

£.)» g.1l& £.111 

£.«G I £.91^ 

2.95 ! £.110 
£.95 ; £.90 
£.95 I £.90 
£.H0 3.95 
2.1lfi \ £.95 
2,90 g.ift 

2.90 ^.UJI 
£90 ' £.90 
£.90 ' 2.90 
2.91) ' 2.90 

2.91 ' 2. INI 
£.90 i t.m 
£.90 : ^,00 
S.9fi : £,Ho 

2.96 S.H.'V 



£.«> 

2. HO 
£.80 
£.f» 

%m 

£.^ 
£.86 
£.85 
£.86 
je.85 
£.86 
£.86 
2,8^1 
2.8ri 
2.B5 
£.8IS 
£.85 
3.85 



£.96 
£.% 

£.90 



£.fti> 
£.8ft 
£.86 



r-"'\**\--\ 



£.90 

190 

e.vQ 

£.90 
£.90 
£.90 

£.90 
2.90 
2.90 
£.90 
2,90 
£.90 
£90 
£.90 
£.90 
£.W) 
£.90 
2.90 
£.90 
£,W 
£,90 
2,90 
2,90 
£90 
2,90 
2.00 
£.00 
£.00 
£.90 



STREAIf MEASTTREMETrrS TK 196S, PART TV< 
Bating table for Blacksmith Ihrk at H^rumf Utaht for ttiQf. 



tH«_ 





Dto^hw»Q> 


b&l^t. 




lifilfl^i- 


Dfi«3l»T«e. 


iM^t. 


1 


Hwt 


ftrcand^f^t 


f^i. 


S&mnd-frfi. 


FVf-f, 


^mm^f4^i. 


^v*t. 


.^bM^a^/<ml^ J 


%.m 


100 


%.m 


116 


3. mi 


tn ! 


d.^ 


374 


%M 


ioa 


»J)0 


120 


3.35 


210 


3.70 


41)1 


3. to 


104 


S^OT) 


134 


a. 40 


S41 


a. 75 


42S) 


».75 


lOQ 


a JO 


tS8 


%.m 


M7 


S.80 


4.17 


%,m 


108 


8.15 


lail 


8,50 


9»a 


3.ai 


4^ 


%,m 


WW 


S.^l 


U7 


».55 


S3SU 


;^.B0 


514 


3.90 


113 


a. 25 


leo 


8, BO 


»4T 







Mittiniated munthiff dim-hiiri/e of BlaekHmitJt Fork at Mffrum, Utah. 




DIsdMrg^ In ob&md-tmtt. 



Mlnlzaum. 



112 


106 


IIB 


106 


113 


108 


134 


iu 


\u 


112 


19^ 


108 


112 


\m 


112 


108 


110 


lod 


110 


no 


ue 


no 


113 1 


113 



HflKtl, 



106 



109 
111 
112 
120 

no 

146 

109 
lOO 
109 
113 

lis 

113 



Bnn-ofF, 



J 



Total Id ii 
acre-feet. ISeoond-feet ti-«*i. 



dn 



115 



6,703 

6,16.1 

o.8a7 

7,140 

7,317 
8,088 
6,702 
6,702 
6,486 
6,946 
6.664 
0,^7 



8^,288 



0.38 

.ao 

.42 

,51 

.as 

.38 

.40 
.39 



.40 



l-^J 




LOGAN RIVER NEAR LOGAN, UTAH. 

The station on Logan River was established June 1, 1896, and is- 
located in the river canyon about 2 miles east of Logan, Utah. One 
gage is a vertical iron post, set firmly in the middle of the river's bed 
and graduated to feet and tenths. A second gage rod is a wooden post 
driven into the ground near the north bank of the river. The bench 
mark for both rods is a stone 35 feet northeast of the end of the cable 
on the north side of the river, and is at an elevation of 14.01 feet 
sbove gage datum. It in marked by a croaa ch\^\^^ oxv ^iXi^ twj^k. ^\\ji 



hy the letters " B. M. " in red paint. The equipment consists of a cable 
and car. Owing to a washout regular daily gage records were not 
taken during 1902. 

Discharge measuremenU of Logan River near Logan, Utah, 



Date. 



1902. 

J«Minary 27 

B'ebmary 22 

M:arch3 

-A^pril 17 

-A^pril 26 

May 17 

Jime 13 

June 27 

JiilyS 

^ngnst 12 

September 16 

October 13 

November 24 

December 28 



Hydrographer. 



G. L.Swendsen. 
do 



-do 
-do 
.do 
-do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
.do 
-do 
.do 
-do 
.do 



Gage 
hei{rht. 


Dicharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


1.45 


103 


1.60 


124 


1.60 


107 


1.70 


153 


1.80 


163 


3.50 


588 


4.37 


1,056 


3.60 


598 


2.90 


284 


2.82 


198 


2.80 


191 


2.72 


178 


2.65 


171 


2.67 


165 



WEBER RIVER NEAR UINTA, UTAH. 

The gaging station on Weber River, established in October, 1899, is 
located in the canyon 5 miles east of Uinta, on the Union Pacific Rail- 
ix)ad, immediately above the narrows known as Devils Gate. The 
gage is vertical, and is supported from above by a projecting timber 
placed out of reach of high water. The bench mark consists of a 
spike driven into the first telegraph pole in the canyon above the gage, 
and is at an elevation of 17.44 feet above gage datum. The equip- 
ment consists of a cable, car, and tagged wire. 

Discharge measurements of Weber River near Uinta , Utah. 



Date. 



Hydrographer. 



1902. 



I 



I 



Jannary 20 

February 10 

Aprill2 1 do 

May 12 ' do 

September 22 do 

October 20 ' do 



G. L. Swendsen. 
...-do 



Oago 
height. 



Disi^harge. 



December i 



I 



■/- 



.do 



Feet. 


Second-feet. 


1.48 


113 


1.30 


121 


1.53 


166 


1.75 


339 


1.22 


79 


1.40 


I \^% 


\.^^ 


\ \Vi. 



88 



STREAM MEASUKKMENTS IN 1902^ PAKT IV. 



£Ma,ii^ 



PEOVn RIV^ER NEAB PROVOj UTAH. 

The gaging sUition on Provo River, oi^tablished July 27, 1880, i» 
located in the ('any on, al>ont <" niilps from Provo and above the head 
of most of the irrigation canals of Utah Valley, The diversion works 
of the oomijany which develop power at the mouth of Provo Canyon 
for elcctrie^ transmission to the nnneswestof Provoj are located aboiU 
5 miles al>ove the station. The gage ib inclined and faet^ened to stakes 
set in the ground. The !>eneh mark m a stone firmly beddetl in the 
bank near the wagon road, about ItKi feet southwest of the ^age. It 
fa marked *'B. M.'' in black paint, and is 6,95 feet above gage datum. 
The channel is 8tj"aight for some (lis tfl.nce aljove and below the station. 
The bed of the river is gravel and not liable to change. The equip- 
ment consists of a eable, car^ and tagged wire. 

Diadiarge nn^u^^rements of Provo Rwer ftear Pr&vo, Utah. 



p&te. 



1B02. 



January 30 

March 10... 
April 14-.., 

MayTj 

Julyae.-... 



Hj^dru^r^pbofT. 



_. _do 



.do 
.do 
.do 



September^. _. J do 



November 17 
December 37 



.do 
.do 



lwd«St. 


Dliicliarge. 


Fitrt 


Sfixmti^/eti. 


4.00 


^a 


4,811 


3ao 


4.59 


889 


4.60 


414 


4.10 


302 


4.00 


172 


3.1»5 


16S 


4.00 


178 



SEVIER RIVER NEAR GUNNISON, UTAH. 

The station, established by Caleb Tanner on June 29, 1900, is at the 
bridge which crosses the stream 4 miles west of the town of Gunnison. 
The gage, which is vertical, is nailed to one of the bridge piles. The 
bench mark consists of a post at the southeast corner of the bridge, 
marked, in pencil, "U. S. G. S. gage B. M.," and its elevation is 13.23 
feet above gage datum. During 1902 the following measurements 
were made by Caleb Tanner: 

May 18: GBge height, 0.88 foot; discharge, 41 second-feet. 
Angost 15: G^ge height, 0.62 foot; discharge, 19 second-feet. 



'^^'^BfiLL] INTKBIOR BASIN. 89 

Daily gage height y in feet, of Sevier Rivera tiear Ounnismi, Utah, 



D-T^ 



JL.. 



f„. 

18l., 
It., 

ML-, 

1S.„ 

la... 

!•-,. 

«... 
a... 
a„. 

%... 

«... 



a,.. 

D... 

a... 



%^ 

4JD 
S.QR 
£.10 
tM 
£.15 
«,10 
ALIO 

«.io 

S.1D 

£.ae 

2.tt» 
3.0D 
£.00 
S.Q8 
L« 
L«l 

(-> 
(•> 
<•) 
(-) 

(•) 



Feb. 



I^r. 



1.K3 
%M 

tjn 

£.!£ 

£.46 
1.40 

£,4fl 

%.m 
too 
goo 

X.*7 
l.BO 
1,85 
1.83 

i,n 

\.m 
\.m 

LOO 
1,G6 



1.JID 

im 

hm 
i.*i 

1.411 

i.«) 

1.40 
1.40 
Mfl 
IJO 
l.]l> 
1.10 
l.€B8 
l,€e 
Lfle 
l,fJO 

LIJS 
J. IS 

l.£a 
].££ 

1 lA 

1.2S 
!.£& 
IM 
1.55 
LAG 
l.l!e 
L4fi 



Apr. 



1,3^ 

i.a) 
t.ao 

I'M 

i.aj 
l.i^ 

1.35 
1.3& 

i.jao 

l.I£ 
1.15 

1.U 
Ll£ 

i.ee 

1,£0 

1,80 

l.lfi 

1,10 

Lift 

LOfi 

.TO 

.47 

.4£ 

.4:9 



I 



l&tkj. 



a.4:S 

.«i 
.42 

.45 
.55 
.55 
.55 

.«n 

,TO 
.flO 
M 
,07 
.iff 
LIO 
LW 

,m 

.50 
.50 
Al 
.50 
.50 
.4S 

.50 

.no 



June. 



Julj. Au^. 



0.50 
.55 

.BO 

.m 

.4£ 
,42 
.4^ 
.4^ 

.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
,411 
M 
.50 
.A5 
.fl5 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.87 

.as 

.OS 

.ot> 

.00 



9#pt*l<Vt, iNov. 



aao 

.00 
,00 

Mi 
.00 
,50 

.50 
.50 
.SO 

.SO 
.5S 
.54 

,m 
,m 

.57 
.55 

.50 I 

.60 ( 
,50 j 
,50 I 
.50 j 

.fit! 



0.5g 

.5S 
.55 
.47 

.m 

.07 

.«$ 



M 
M 
,i50 
JU 
,00 
,00 

,ao 

.00 

.m 
,m 
,m 

.00 
.00 
.00 



t.oo 

.00 

,m 

,00 
,00 
.00 
.00 

,^ 

.tffi 
,(« 

.OS 

A) 
m 

.m 

.00 
.00 
.00 
.00 
,57 

J>1 

,«) 



. I 



o,r)<> 

.K» 

.ao 

.£0 

.47 
.47 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.45 
.45 
,45 
,50 
.50 
.50 
,S0 
,50 
.50 
.541 
.47 
.47 
.47 
.45 
.45 
A^ 
.45 

.4ri 

.45 



Oi40 
,:» 
.:« 
.^j 

.»& 
as 
% 
m 

35 
35 
135 
37 
35 
35 
^ 
35 
30 
.60 

m 
w 

75 

.m 

M 



« Frozen. 



B«e, 



o.te 

.Uft 

l.fm 

1.(15 

IJl^ 

l.fW 

LAO 

L70 

1.^ 

L5& 

LOO 

1.60 

L66 

1.60 

L65 

L56 

1.60 

1.60 

1.70 

L70 

1.65 

L65 

L70 

L70 

1.66 

(«) 

(«) 

(") 

(«) 

(«) 

(«) 



Rating table for Sevier River near Ounnisoji, Utah ^ for 19(f^ 



^t. 


i 

Discharge, i 

1 


Oage 
height. 


DlHcharge. 


1 height. 


Fttl. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feel. 


; Feet. 


1 0.4 


6 


1.1 


59 


1 1.8 


.5 


11 


1.2 


69 


' 1.9 


.6 


17 1 


1.3 


79 


; 2.0 


.7 


25 1 


1.4 


89 


1 2.1 


' .8 


as 1 


1.5 


99 


1 2.2 


' •» 


41 


1.6 


109 


; 2.:j 


1.0 


49 

1 


1.7 


119 


i ^'•'^ 



DiRcharge. i 

1 


Gage 
height. 


Sevojtd-feet . 


Feet. . 


129 , 


2.5 


139 ' 


2.6 


149 1 


2.7 


159 1 


2.8 


169 


2.9 


179 




189 





Dis<'hargo. | 

I 

I 
Second-feet. 

199 

209 

219 

229 

239 



STREAM 1CEAS0EEMENT9 IN ltt)2, PAST IV. 
EtttimataJ monthly di^hartte at SetHer Hither ntar GunnUot%^ Ut&I*. 




DiiiolinTBe ill sicond-feet. 


l^ximiua. 


Mlnlfunm. 


Mtmi, 


164 


189 


Ul 


104 


t04 


14» 


104 


ai 


?6 


84 


7 


0.^ 


m 


7 


90 


as 





U 


m 


n 


14 


28 


Id 


IT 


IS 


m 


17 


14 


s 


i» 


46 


5 


14 


llfi 


43 


100 1 


iU 


5 


54 



TotalioifcCTP 
feet. 




Investigations in relation to the amount of seepage in tlie Sevier River Ba 
between Panguitch and the Sevier Bridge between Scipio and Juab. 





WATER ENTERING THE DIFFERENT VALLEYS. 




Date. 


LocaUty. 


Source. 


Quai 


1902. 






Secon 


August 9 


Panguitch Valley 


Sevier River 




August 10-11-.. 


Junction Valley 


do 








East Fork of Sevier River. . 








City Creek 






Total 






August 11 . . . 


Between Junction and 
Marys vale. 


Sevier River 







Tenmile Creek . 






Cottonwood Creek. 








Cottonwood Wash Spring. . 






Total 












- 



CLLl 



INTESIOB BA8IK. 



91 



i$tigati(ms in relation to the amount of seepage in the Sevier River Basin 
lehreen Panguitch and the Setner Bridge h*'(fr*tn Scipio and Juab — Cont*d. 

WATEB ENTERING THE DIFFERENT VALLEYS -Contiinied. 



Date. 


LocaUty. 


Source. 


Quantity. 


1903. 
.iwt 11-13... 


Marysvale Valley 

Total 


Sevier River 

BTillion Oftek 


Srcmui-feet. 
38.0 
12.5 




Beaver Creek 


2.5 

5:^.0 


:Ti8t 13-14- - . 


Sevier Valley to Rocky 
Ford. 

Total 


Sevier River 


47.5 




Clear Creek 


7.3 




Monroe Creek _ 


3.9 




Thompsons Creek 


.2 




• Redbntte and Cottonwood 
creeks. 

Water Canyon Creek 

Spring Creek 


.3 

.3 
5.3 




Cove Creek 


9.5 




Cedar Ridge Creek 


.5 




74.8 




Rocky Ford to Red- 
mond Ford. 

Total 


Sevier River. 




?T18tl4-15 


1.5 




Rocky Ford canal 


35.0 




Lost Creek . 


.7 




Salina Creek 


7.8 










45.0 




RedmondFord to West- 
view Bridge. 

Total 


Sevier River. 




fU8t 15-16... 


15.5 




Westview canal 


4.2 




Willow Creek 

Sanpitch River 


.5 
15.2 






35.4 


Do 


Westview Bridge to 
McArty's Ford. 

Total 


Sevier River 

Dover canal 

Warm Creek 


18 7 




10.7 
2.7 










32.1 




McArty's Ford to Sevier 
Bridge. 


Sevier River. . . 




list 16 


22.0 



^9 



HTREAM MEASUREMENTS Of 1002, PAitT FV. 



fnt^rMiigaUtm* in relatiim to tk^ amount of ftti^pagr. in the ^rt*f#r Rirer 
Mtn^t'H PftHffuitrh and the Sevier Bridge Itetween Stip^ ftmt Jmtit — Con 

iMOUNT OF WATER DIVEKTEP FOB mBlGATION IK THE DIFFERENT VAJ 



nate. 



A-a^iBt ft. . 



kfi^rnst iruil 



ATlg13J»t. tt 

Angoflt 11-18. 

Aiiifnft l!^14. 



U»eftlltT. 



tktiftl at dltoli. 



P(miniit4^U Vdlley 



Total 

Jnnetion Valley - 



^tol 



Between JiiBCtion 
and HaryHvale* 

Maryavale Tftlley - . 



Sevier Vulley U* 
Ri>ckv ForcU 



/ 



ToUd 



*-»--*ii"H»f— 



East Pauifuifcf'U Irrigatk^n CH 

cAtiaL 



Long Catml C^. 4'^iial 
Ea^t Bench Cti. ranjil 
Pangniteh Ormk^ . . . 
Littlt* Creek.,..,, ,,^ 
McEw^an dit<^ ... _«. 

Honaton dit^. * * * 

TibVe ditch.......... 

Ortau's ditch ._., 

Peterson ditch ..,.,., 

WaUify ditch 

Vaetor ditch _. 

Keasler ditch . 

Johnaau ditch 



Miscelljmt^ufl cAnala 

Jnnetion Canal Co. upper ditch ^. 
Junction Canal Co. middle ditch _ 
Junction Canal Cx>. lower ditch 
PriTate ditch __ ^ , _ 



Not given . 

do,... 



CTear Creek irrii^ation canal . 
Joe*^ph City irriicatioii canal , 

Wel]« irrigutioTj canal ... 

laaacmm inrig^atiim canal , , 

Monroe irrigHtii m canal 

El sin ore irrigation canal. ,, . . 

Brook 1 in irrij^atiun canal 

Richfield irrigatinn canal 

Anabella irrigarion canal . . . , 

Candor irrigation canal ,, 

Vermilion itTigation canal _ _ . 



Qa> 



viLL] UTTEBIOB BASIN. 98 

ksatigaiums in rdation to the amount of seepage in the Sevier River Basin 
between Panguitt^ and the Sevier Bridge between Scipio and J?m6— Cont'd. 

AMOUNT OF WATEB DIVBBTED FOB IBBIGATION IN THE DIFFERENT 
VALLEYS-Contlxnied. 


Dftte. 


LodOity. 


Canal or ditch. 


Quantity. 


1902. 
Angnst 14-15... 

August 15-16... 


Rocky Ford to Red- 
mond Ford. 

Redmond Ford to West- 
view Bridge. • 

Total 


Not given... 


Second-feet. 
43.5 


Robbins canal 




8.14 




4.20 


Other canals 


15.70 






28.04 




Westview Bridge to 
McArty's Ford. 

McArty's Ford to Se- 
vier Bridge. 


Not given . . •. . . . 




Do 


13.4 


August 16 


None. 







AMOUNT OF WATER LEAVING THE DIFFERENT VALLEYS. 



Date. 



Locality. 



Name of river or canal. 



Quantity 
second-feet. 



1902. 

AugnstlO. 

Aognstll. 

Do.... 



August 13. 
August 14. 



Pangoitch Valley 

Junction Valley 

Between Junction and 
Marysvale. 

Marysvale Valley 



Sevier River . 

do 

do 



Sevier Valley to Rocky 
Ford. 



Total 



August 15. 



Rocky Ford to Red- 
mond Ford. 



Total 



Do. 



-do 
-do. 



Rocky Ford and Willow 
Bend canal. 



30.7 
10.7 
38.0 

47.5 

1.5 
35.0 



Sevier River 

West View canal 



Do...- 

^ugust 16. 

Do... 



Redmond Ford to West- 
view Bridge. 



Total ...j 

Westview Bridge to I 
McArty's Ford. j 

McArty's Ford to Se- 
vier Bridge. 



Sevier River 
Dover canal . 



36.5 

15.5 

4.2 

19.7 

18.7 
10.7 



- Pangnitch to Sevier 
/ Bridge. 



Sevier River 

do 

....do 



29.4 
22.0 

18.5 



94 



STREAM MEASCttEMENTS IN 1802, PART IV, 



t^k ii« 



iHi*^tKtiffatiatut in reUitiofi to the ammtnt nf m^rpo^t in th^ Semef Riwr Havim 
ft beiuHmt Panguitch and iht^ tSt^er* Bridge Mte^t^k Etipio and Jinffl^— CbntM. 



t)«t4« 



AtigUHt 8-10- * 
Angn^t IQ-n 
Atigunt 11<.,- 

Anfiut n-ia. 
AogQiil la-u. 

Auiruiit 14*1§, 

Amrnil 15-19. 

t* 



L(M«lft7. 



P^mgnitch Valley . 

Jniiction Valley , . _ , 

Ifelwt*t*ii Juacticm 
I iitvl MArysimlp* 

Marysvale Valley . 

St*viifr Valltty tii 
Bficky Ffi^. 

moDd Fi*t4. 
Rftdniand Font la 

WmM^w Bridge 

t<»lleAtt3r'0l'ora^ 

HcnArtyV Ford to 

' PauieuitchtciSi^rier 
! Bridge. 



Qouititr ot winter. 






46.9 
47.3 

5a, 

3S,4 

mA 

23.0 

U9. t 



tJiedJbr 



fi.<t.O 

e.s 
n.o 

4«.5 

38.04 

R4 

a.o 



if«tkKii. 



Sfe-/L 


llpc.-/(. 


ao.7 


g^.? 


It** 7 


&1.& 


90.0 


44.5 



47,5 



S^piiCv 



03.5 



ae.5 100.86 



mA 


67*44 


S2.0 


35, 4U 


1^5 


1^5 



IS. 5 ati.i 



17.8 
37. S 

109.0 



SAN PITC^H RIVER NEAR GUNNISON, €TAH. 

The station, e^tHblisheil by Caleb Tanner on June 30, 1900, is 4 
miles northeast of the town of (iiinnisi>n, at the ranch of the observer, 
J. P. Jensen. The ga^ ei>nsists of a vertical i>ost driven firmly int< 
the IkhI of the stream and strongly brace<l. The bench mark is th< 
top of a cedar |>ost 1 foot in diameter, set firmly in the ground, 4^ 
feet west of the gage roil. It* elevation is 5.1H> feet above gage datum 
During liH>2 the following measurements wore made by Caleb Tanner 

May 17: Gage height. 5.^28 feet; dwchan^e, 81 ^eoond-feet. 
Aognst 16: Gagts* height, 1.79 fet»t: di^harge, l.> seoond-feet. 



nfTEKIOB BASIN. 96 

DmJ^ gage height^ in feet^ of San Pitch River near Ghunnison, Utah. 

Deo. 



D«j. 



liK. 



«... 
a.. 



Jwn. 



1.7* 
1.74 
L74 
l.» 

i.n 

i;7* 
].7e 
1.W 

1,711 

i,7e 

1.7» 

i.Te 

IM 
1.76 
1.7fl 
l.Tfl 
1.70 
L76 
Xt« 
L7S8 
1.7« 
1.T6 

L7e 

1.7ft 
1.^ 
1.7© 
tTB 
L7B 
1.7B 



Feb. Mkt. ApTh 



L74 
V74 
1.74 

1.74 
1.74 
L7» 
IM 
1.76 
1.7fl 
l,7fl 
1.7ft 
1.7* 
].7* 
l.tfl 

!,:« 

1.76 
t,7€ 
l.?« 
1.110 

t.Te 

1/71 



1.74 
1.74 

LTfl 
1.71 
1.7B 
LTO 
1.7a 

L7a 

l,7i 
l.Tft 
L7B 
L7* 
tTfl 
t7» 
l.TW 
LTfl 
L7« 
1.7« 
l.i» 
l.TU 
l.Tfl 
1.70 



1.74 I.Ttt 



L74 
L74 
1,74 

3.74 
1 74 



l.T« 

1.7« 
1.7fl 
L70 
1.7ft 



1,80 

i.m 

1,80 
LM 
L7* 

1.70 

i.m 

1.87 

l,flO 
1,W 

i.m 

l.flO 

i.w 
i.flft 
1.0: 

s.w 

S.ltl 

t.m 
a.m 



]ta7 



2.50 

*,7D 
».70 

ft. 70 
t,7B 
».70 
».«> 

a. St) 
S.IO 

a. 10 
«.»? 

ISO 
£.30 

aau 

S.40 
3.a0 



Jtum. 



«L3a 

ra) 
s.s» 

e.90 

£.S0 

s.so 
g.10 
110 
tao 
lao 
£.10 
s.in 

110 
£ Ifi 

£.10 

a J? 
3.00 

S.10 
»J0 



JtOx, 



g.00 

2Jm 

£.W 

S.W 

100 

£.K» 

f.OO 
£.00 

2.m 
s.oo 
«.oo 
3Laj 
a. 00 
8,00 
s.io 
*.io 
*.io 
a. 00 

s.on 

l.flO 

i.arj 

1.7B 
1.70 
1.70 
I Til 
LTD 



Angn 



1.70 
1.7!) 
LTD 
1.70 
1.70 

i.ao 
hm 
i.m 

1.9Q 

i.ao 

176 
LflO 

i.eo 
l.aD 

L70 
1.70 
1.7ft 
I M} 
1.140 
1 !MJ 
I.«0 

t.0O 

1.80 

l.WJ 
\M 
l.Tft 



B*pt, 



1.T5 
1.7^ 
L75 
1.7B 
1.7B 
l.Ttt 
1.76 
1,7B 
1.7& 
1.76 
l.W 
1.75 
L7B 
1.75 
1.7^ 
1.75 

1.7a 

t.Tfi 

1.76 
1.76 
l.S 
1.R5 

i.ao 

1.76 
1.76 
1.1^ 
1.7S 
1.76 
Lt6 
L75 



Oct. 



1.75 
1,TO 
1.76 

l.W 
1.75 
l.Ttt 

1.1® 
L7S 
1,76 
1.76 
1.76 
l.71i 
1.76 
1,76 
IM 
LIS 
1.76 

lis 

1.76 
1.76 
L75 
1,76 
L75 
1.76 

i,n 

1.77 

1.77 

1.7T 



KOT. 



I.n 

LH 
L70 
1.70 
1.70 

1.70 
1.70 

170 
1.70 
1.70 
],7(» 
1.70 
1.70 
1,70 
1.70 
L70 
1.7I» 
L70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
].70 
1.50 
1.70 
1.70 
1,711 
1.70 
l.Ki 
1.70 



L70 

I.TO 
I.RD 

hm 

1.H0 

1.76 

l.TS 
1.70 
1,70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.66 
1.65 
1.65 
1.65 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 



HafiTig table for San Pi'IpA River near Gunnison, Utah, for 1002. 



I 



is^t. 


Diflclurg^. 

1 


j^t. 


Diflcliarg^. 


p^i. 


, Second'fert. 


1 F>H. 


Serond'ftel 


1.70 


10 


1 1.92 


27 


1.72 


11 


1.94 


30 


1.74 


1 12 


1 1.96 


32 


1.70 


13 


i 1.98 


34 


1.78 


1 14 


i 2.00 


37 


1.80 


I ^^ 


2.02 


40 


1.82 


17 


2.04 


43 


1.84 


19 


2.06 


45 


1.86 


1 21 


2.08 


48 


1.88 


23 


2.10 


51 


1.90 


1 25 

1 1 


; "■> , 


54 



Gag© 
height. 

Feet. 
2.14 
2.16 
2.18 
2.20 
2.22 
2.24 
2. 26 
2.28 
2.30 
2. 82 
2.34 



Discharge . 



Gag( 
heigh 



I Second-feet. 

I ^"^ 
I 59 

i 62 

!' 05 

i 68 

' 71 

i ;! 

t i 

80 
83 
86 



Feet. 

2.86 
2. 38 
2.40 
2.42 
2.44 
2.46 
2.48 
2.50 



Discharge. 

Henmd-ft-i-t. 

89 

92 

05 

98 

101 

104 

107 

110 



96 



8THKAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PABT IV, 



t 



Eititmittcd tnunthly di*cltarge of Sun Pitch Miver n^ar Gunnimtti, tJiah, 



1 


mmihrnr^v In seeoniUfwt. 


Total in 
ftcre-feet* 


aiuwsff. 


1 Month, 


MlilltTlTlPli 


MltitniTiiH. 




mile. 


1 

Dt?p 
iiu: 


IMS. 




f 










January .-~..., 


13 


IS 


18 


799 


o.oa 




February ...... 


la 


IS 


la 


fn 


<0:3 




March . . 


IS 


1« 


18 


791* 


.OS 




April ,,,_. 


95 


10 


40 


2,:t80 


,05 




May. ..._...„, 


155 


51 


lot 


n,3io 


,12 1 




June 


m 


87 


54 


3, SIS 


.06 




July _.____.,...,, 


si 


10 


9$ 


3,iiay 1 


.04 




Anfmst ............ 


15 


10 


U 


aei 


.03 




Septtonlier , J 


31 


la 


u 


ms 


,03 




October. ,_.. 


15 


18 


IS 


7W 


.03 




November ,^^ 


15 


10 


10 


505 


.01 




l>ecemlief . . ^. ., , . , , 


15 


7 


10 


015 


.01 ^ 




Tb^year , 


155 


I 


S7 


10,856 


.03 

1 



HUMBOLDT RIVER NEAR OREANA, NEV. 

Oil the lower reaches of this river measurements have been m 
for a number of years near Oreana, and the results show the amo 
of water available for storage at the possible reservoir sites in 
vicinity of Humboldt station, and also for the six canal systems i 
in operation below Oreana. The station established by L. H. Tay 
January 27, If^OO, was located at the old Oreana highway bridge, at 
12 miles northeast of Lovelocks, Nev. The bridge abutment to wl 
the gage was fastened was undermined and fell May 26, 1897. A t 
porary gage was used until September 8, 1807, when a new incli 
one was placed on the left l)ank of th(^ river about a mile and a '. 
above the sight of the old gage and opposite the C. P. Railroad sec 
house. 

This gage was washed out and a new vertical gage, in two pa 
was placed November 29, 1902, by E. C. Murphy. The gage 
spiked to piles at the site of the old dam, the zero of the old and i 
gages coinciding. The bench mark is four nails driven into pile 
which the upper part of the gage is fastened. Its elevation is 5 
above the zero of gage. The channel here is straight for about 
feet above the gage and for about 150 feet below. The station is ] 
vided with a cable and ear. The river banks are high and not lif 
to overflow. The bed of the stream is sandy and shifting. ' 
observer is G. A. Sapp. 



INTEMOB BASIN. 



97 



During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
E. C. Marphy and D. W. Hays: 

July 23: Gage height, 1.75 feet; discharge, 251 second-feet. 
Octoher 17: Gage height, 0.17 foot; discharge, 22 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet ^ of Humboldt River near Oreana, Net\ 



Dmr. 



l- 



Jan. 



1L.„ 







0.70 

.ID 
.TO 

.m 
.m 

.90 
■ W) 

1.00 
1.10 
L!0 

Lao 

L20 

l.flO 

LOiJ 

,110 

.«) 

.w 
too 

L£0 
L«> 

t^ 
1.40 
1.10 
1.00 
LOO 
.90 
,flO 



P*ib. 



aw 

.00 
.90 
LOO 
1.00 
1.20 
].»0 
1.30 
L4I0 
1.40 
1.40 
1.390 
1,30 
1.00 

.SO 
.SO 

.m 

.BO 
.70 
.TO 
.00 
,T0 

.m 
.to 

.00 



Mv. 



O.UO 

.w 
.«) 

.w 
i.m 

LOO 

.00 

1.00 
LOT 
.90 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
1.00 
1.00 
1.00 
LOP 
LIO 
1.10 
LIO 
I.IO 
LJO 
1.10 
L30 

Lsn 

1.30 
LIO 
LIO 
LIO 
LIO 



Apr. 



LIO 
LIO 

Lao 

LSO 
l.SO 

i.ao 

L»P 

!.:» 

1.10 
LIO 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 
1.30 
Lao 
L»l 

\.w 
Lao 
Lao 

L20 
LIO 
LIO 
LOO 
LOO 
LOO 

J. no 

LOU 
LOO 



\ 



HarJjuiiB. 



LOO 
LOO 
LOO 

,m 

.40 
,50 
-flO 
.00 

.50 
.00 
.70 
.70 
TO 
,00 
.00 
.60 
.30 

.i» 

.80 

.w 

.10 
.2iO 
.30 
.W 
.410 
,70 
Mi 
LOO 



LOO 

LOO 
l.fiO 
1.70 
L»0 
LOO 
1.00 
LfiO 
L40 
1 10 

.m 
.m 

.00 
.50 

.w 

.00 

.m 

LOO 
1.3> 

1.311 

LMI 

l.filr 

LTT* 
LBf» 
LBI» 
L70 
L71» 



Jmj. 



2.ai 

S.OO 
LOO 
1.90 
£.10 
£.«0 
2. Mi 

£.^ 
la.ao 

3.»0 
a. 30 

s.io 

^.10 

LSO 
L70 

LOO 
LW 
L«0 
LHI> 
LTTJ 
LTO 
LflO 

l.itr 

L.40 
L40 
Lill 



Aug-. 



Swpt. 



L30 
L20 
L30 
LSftl 
LSO 
L9Q 
LIO 
LIO 
IM 

LOO 
Ltt} 

.ao 
.m 

.flO 
.70 
.70 
.70 
.80 

.TO 
,«0 
.ai 
.m 

,ilO 

,.w 

.60 

,ao 

Mi 
,40 



0.^ 
,10 

.10 
.10 

.m 
.a> 

.30 
.80 
.40 
.40 
M 

.m 

,00 
.fiO 
,40 
.40 
,40 
.50 
.GO 

A*i 
.40 
.10 
,J10 

,40 
.40 



Ctet, 



0.f» 
,50 
,00 
Mi 
.00 

.40 
,11^ 



Not. 



0.40 
.4tJ 
.40 

.m 

.flO 
.») 



.^r (til 

.S» ffi) 



.30 

.ao 
.so 

.30 
.JIO 
,30 
.10 
.10 
.10 
.3S0 

.ai 

.30 
.40 
.40 



M 
.30 
.80 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 

.30 
.30 

M 

..% 

.5<l 



Deu 



O.tt) 
.41) 
.10 
.00 
.(b 
.40 

(fi) 

(^> 
(*) 
<«) 

(") 

(*!) 

.JSl) 

.^ao 
.m 

.10 

.0) 

.30 
.10 

.10 
.90 
.30 
.3D 
.30 
.:«) 
.30 



Bating table for Humboldt River near Oreana, iVer.« 



beSR. 



Dtecharge. || j^^W^ | Discharge. j^^W . j Dlec.hargo 



I 



0.1 
.2 
.3 

.4 
.5 
.6 

.7 



I Second-feet ^\\ 

I '' :i 

24 i| 

29 11 

35 !| 

I 42 ;! 

50 \ 
59 



0.8 
.9 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 
1.4 



Secorui-feet . 
69 

80 i 
92 
105 

119 : 
134 ; 

150 



Feet. 

1.5 
1.6 
1.7 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
2.1 



^Second-feet. 
I 168 

I 187 

I 207 

229 
252 
277 
304 



Gage 

height. 


, Dischargo. 




Feet. 


' Second-feet. 




2.2 


333 




2.3 


; 364 




2.4 


397 




2.5 


432 




2.6 


: 470 




2.7 


: 511 






[ 
\ 


\ 



h^^!Lt!IS»f%^^Z^*u ™'*^^'!t ^^f «<»"on during 1902 and tbi»ta\Ae \a \)\x\. a.vpT<«.VcM.\». 
hieing caaetncted from these and the dischargre curve for the year 1901. 



IBR 85—03- 



98 



HTBEAM 1IEA>;UREMKNTS IN IBOS, PART IV. 



1 



k 






^1 Monti). 


DiachikT^B in MCH>&d~t«et. 


Toittltn 


Bwi^off. 


ltfc^rf^HftT^t■l 


'— - 


Hjmn. 


per mam 


t 


1902, 
January . . . . . 


IRO 

119 

99 
fiT? 
611 

m 

m 


59 
59 
99 

m 

19 

43 

194 

S5 

19 


94 
91 
06 
107 

mi 

27» 


5,780 

• 


O.OOT 




March 


5,90S .007 




April 

May ...,..., 

Job©- ,..-.•... 

July _,. 

Atiguiit 

September _^..,,,,, 


A,da7 

8,197 

18.970 
4^613 
S.083I 
l.9«l! 

1,785 

i,7n 


.008 
.004 

.oto 

• 090 
.005 
.04)8 
.003 
.003 




October,.. 

November _......._ 

December .,._| 

The year , 


19 1 0^ 
34 1 SU 

19 ; 38 




Ul 


19 


8a 


m^sm 


•OOtt 





HUMBOLDT RIVER NEAR GOLCONDA, NEV. 

The gaging station at Golconda is located near the great nort 
bend of Humboldt River and below the central valley. It is abo 
miles above the mouth of Little Humboldt River. The station 
established by L. II. Taylor October 24, 1804, and has been mainta 
continuously since that time. It is located 1^ miles north of the t 
The new inclined gage, installed November 28, 1902, by E. C. Mur 
is fastened to the left bank by 4 by 4 inch stakes. The zeros of th- 
and new gages are at the same elevation. The bench mark h 
by 4 inch timber driven 4 feet north of the cable post on the left b 
at an elevation of 10.75 feet above the zero of the gage. Meaj 
ments are made from a cable and suspended car. The banks 
moderately high, but liable to overflow at extreme high water, 
bed of the stream is of gravel and sand and is somewhat shifting 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were mad 
E. C. Murphy and D. W. Hays: 

July 24: Gage height, 2.40 feet; discharge, 218 second-feet. 
October 16: Gage height, —0.16 foot; discharge, 1.2 second-feet. 



nwiLL] 



INTEBIOB BASIN. 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Humboldt River near Oolconda, Nev. 



D»T, 



L 

JL , 

t. 

!..„,„ 

k „ 

t..„._. 

».-..„.- 

IL,- 

VL,. 

H. 

JL. 

».....„.. 
IT. ,. 

». 

Hi 

a 

a. 

!?.,. 

.......... 

a... 



Jmi. 



LIO 

1.06 
1.0D 

!-*» 

i.oa 

IM 
l.t» 
IJO 

Lao 
i,M 

1.40 

LIO 
1.^ 
1.3D 
LIO 
t» 
1.SD 
1,10 
L10 
LIS 
LIO 
LIO 
LOO 
LQO 



ftob. 



LIO 
LIO 
l.IA 
L1& 

LSO 
1.90 

\.m 

LIO 
L10 
LIO 

Lii 

L30 

1.30 
LIO 
LfiO 
L50 
LflO 
L60 
Lfl5 
LfiO 
L«0 
LliO 
LflO 
L» 
LflO 
IM 



Ibr. 



Apr 






L70 

LTD 
l.t<^ 
L@0 
LW) 
2.00 
S.OO 
L90 

£.(» 
S.10 

a. 10 

LVO 

LVO 
LfiO 
LOO 
ZOO 

auo 

£,10 I 
8.10 ' 
2 JO I 

a, 10 

£.00 
11.15 
2.00 
£.10 
t.U 
£.10 



£.»0 

£.90 
£.% 

t.m 

z.m 
2.m 
Slav 

£.3n 

t.m 

£.% 
£.10 

£,eo 

a 00 

£.70 
8.7t) 
£.00 
£.65 

£.ao 

g.AO 
£.«0 
£,70 
1.10 
2M 
£.00 
£.111 
£,Tfi 

£.:is 
2.m 



MAf.ImtA. 



I 



£.« 
£.75 
£,70 
rTO 
£.t6 
£,76 
£,IW 
£;«0 

a«o 
noo 

a. 10 
am 
%m 
s.m 
am 
aiii 
a 10 
n.m 
a.30 
a. 15 

a^ 

aiji 
a.£n 

3.15 

0.30 

s.ao 
a. 9) 



July- 



a. 15 1.30 
a.sd ' 125 



fl.£S 

3.30 
3, 3D 
3.35 

3.40 
3.45 
9.50 
a55 

aoo 

4,00 
LIO 
4,15 
L£0 
4,^5 
4,1^ 
4.30 

Lao 
La 

4.30 
L35 
L30 
4.80 
L35 
4,30 

i.an 



4.£0 
4J5 
LIO 
4.1V) 

aeo 

a«» 
aw 
a«» 

3.50 
3.A) 

a so 

3.10 
£.«A 
£.75 

8. TO 
£.70 
£.00 
£.<15 
£.50 
£.50 
£.40 
£.40 

ssai 

£.£0 
£,10 
LID 
l.ttO 
1.70 



An^, 



fiept. 



l.A» 
1.50 
L40 
1.35 
1.31 
1.:© 
L4iO 
L5I1 
1 40 

L30 
1 85 

t.£l> 
LIO 
LOO 

.eo 
.m 

.70 

.00 

.50' 

.40 

.30 

.10 

.m 

,£5 



.HO 



.40 ' 
,50 ' 



o.ao 

10 
.35 
,40 

40 

.go 

.40 
.30 
.£0 
.10 
,W 
.30 
.35 
.10 
.00 
.00 
.00 

,«1 
,«> 

,flO 

,?o 

.70 

.as; 

.70 

.75 
,50 
.50 
.40 



I 



Oct. 



0.10 
.30 

.an 

.£0 
.15 
.10 
.05 

.m 

- .fft 

- .10 
.30 

- .10 
.10 
.00 
.10 

.so 

- .10 

- .£0 
.SO 

- .30 

- .15 
.15 

- .10 

- .10 
,00 
.10 
.15 
,£0 
.tfi 
.10 
.00 



Not. 



-0.10 

- .10 

- .15 

- .16 

- .30 

- .16 
' ,10 

- .10 
-.10 

- .15 

- .10 

- .10 
,10 

- ,10 

.m 

,00 
,10 
.10 
.15 
.15 
.10 
.10 
,10 
.10 
.15 

- .10 

- .15 

- ,» 

- ,10 

- .10 



99 



D«e. 



+0,10 
,00 
.00 
.00 
.10 

- .10 
.10 
.00 
.DO 
.10 
.10 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.10 
,10 
.00 
.10 
.10 
.10 
.10 
.£0 
.80 
.30 
.40 
.10 
.50 
.flO 
.0) 
.TO 



Rating table for Humboldt River near Golconda, Nev., for 1902, 



height. 



Ftei. 

-0.2 

.0 

.2 

.4 

.6 

.8 

1.0 

L2 

L4 

L6 

L8 

2.0 



Diflcharge. 



Second-feet 

0.8 

8.0 

8.0 

14.0 

22.0 

30.0 

40.0 

52.0 

66.0 

82.0 

99.0 

118.0 , 



Gage 
heiglit. 



Feet. 
2.2 
2.4 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 



Discharge. 



Second-feet. 
139 
162 
188 
217 
248 
283 
320 
359 
400 
443 
488 
535 



Qage 
height. 



Feet. 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 



Discharge. 

Second-feet. 

584 

635 

688 

74i^ 

802 

865 

931 

1,000 

1,073 

1,149 

1,228 

1,311 



I Gage 
height. 



Feet. 
7.0 
7.2 
7.4 
7.6 
7.8 
8.0 
8.2 
8.4 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 



\\ " \ 



Discharge. 

Second-feet. 
1,400 
1,495 
1,594 
1,700 
1,815 
1,943 
2,088 
2,256 
2,451 
2,675 
2,935 



X 



.00 

i 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. l^^i 

E^timntmi f monthly dittcfutrge of Humlmldt River near Ookonda, A«?. 



1903, 

January 

Febraary 

\ Msach .., 

AprU *..,^^ ,,, 

Blay ., 

Jtme - 

July _.,,.,._,. 
Aiignet ..,*,,. 

September 

October 

November...-. 
Deoember .-... 

Th^yeor 



DfKlmn^ tn aeoond-fcetk 



MftximuitL. 



m 

134 
gl7 

mi 

511 



U 
A 

m 



MifllmniiL. U«*u> 



m 

m 

•am 

1 

1 



1 



56 

117 
t77 

413 

28S 

S8 

16 

4 






Btt|t~Qtf. 






120 



8.44H 
a. 610 

T,m 

15,864 

M,575 

17,3^8 

S,3S7 

346 
179 
4B@ 



.0060 I 

jiitie I 

.0164 I 
•03^9 I 

.026S I 

,00S5 I 
-0015 

JXI04 I 
.0003 I 



.0007 



I 



mjm 



.0111 



Am 

.mm 
jm 

,m 



HCJMBOLDT RIVEB AT PALmADK, NEV. 

TliiH station war est Ab lis lied November 27, 1002, by E. C. Muriibv. 
It is loeiitred at Piilisade, Nev. The pijbce is a plain staff graduaW to 
feet and tenths, locate J alKiiit nn eighth of a mih^ downsttn?am frfjni 
the cable from which the measurements am made. The gage h resA 
daily by J . O . B r oo ks . The e. Iia ri ii e 1 is *h t ra i g 1 i t f o r i?(X) fee t a lx> ve and 
300 feet t^low the Btatioiu" The banks are Ijoth high. The bed of the 
stTCam is permanent. The beu<?h murk is a spike and three nail* 
driven in the timlK?r to which the t^age is fastened. Its elevatiou is7 
foet above the zero of the ga^e, 

Ikst'l^ gtige hftght^ infmt, of ITHmboidt Hither ijf P(di>tatli\ JVfei?, 



my, 

* 


Hov, 


Boiv 


D»y. 


Hot^. 


D«c. 


Dfty, 


Nor. 


Deci. 


i D»y. 

1 


Nor.JD»^ 


iQoa. 




l.fll 

1.80 

t5D 

Lfifi 


letttL 






tfifi 

LflO 
1.65 
lan 

L40 


i9oe. 

17- 


LfiO 

1.45 
1.40 
1.4(1 
1.4S ' 
ISO 


itwe. 


( 
1 \M 






10 . . 




18. 




£6 


tfi 






11, 




1ft......... 




27 


1,» l-* 






l*.„.V.... 




so_ 




as 


i.m 1** 






' W , 




Si 




S9 


1 i.'i I''*' 






15 




©......... 




flO.. .- 


L86 I'** 






s^ 




31 


l.liS 






IB 




S4 




















_,-— - 



nrnx.] 



INTEBIOB BASIN. 



PINB CRBBK AT PALISADE, NEV. 



101 



This station was established November 27, 1902, bj*^ E. C. Murphy. 
It is located at the railway bridge 1 mile southwest of Palisade, 
Xer. The gage is a plain staff graduated to feet and tenths, spiked 
to the right abutment of the railroad bridge. It is read daily by J. O. 
Brooks. TThe channel both above and below the station is straight. 
The banks are high and liable to overflow only at very high water. 
The bed of the stream is permanent and is composed of gravel and 
auid. The bench mark is a spike and three nails driven into the 
timber to which the gage is fastened. Its elevation is 7 feet above 
the zero of the gage. 

A measurement was made October 14, liH)2, by E. C. Murphy, which 
showed a discharge of 7.2 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feet ^ of Pine Creek at Palisade, Nev, 



JMT. Not. 


Dec. D^y. Nor. 
1 


Der. 


JHt. 


Not. 


Dec. 

Lit* 

xm 

l,7fi 
LEO 
1.7B 
1.% 

i.ao 


D»y. 


Nov. 


Dw. 


1 "* i 


line, I 

l.W 9 J 

i.ai ' 10. — ! 


L40 
1.W 


IttS. 

1H_„ 


1Q(E. 




LSB 


1 


^ . 




L40 


,"■*" 1' 


1*B0 ' 11 


19 




gr 




1 35 




1.35 1 1* - -- . 


SO , .- 




SK 


1.00 

1.4& 


Lfl5 




IM U... '.,-.„ 


a U- 

9B . 





m 


l.TO 


1 1 


ao. 


1.16 


1 
1.^ 


1 ^--— 
LIfi 15 ' . 


& 




31 


1 BO 


1.. . 1 


1 1 


^ 



















HUMBOLDT RIVKR (SOUTH FORK) AT MASON'S RANCH NEAR 

ELKO, NEV. 

The station, established August 29, 189G, by L. II. Taylor, is located 
10 miles southwest of the town of Elko and about G miles above the 
junction of the South Fork with the main stream. The gage is 
inclined and spiked to posts drivoii firmly into the right bank. A 
Dew inclined gage was placed by E. C. Murphy November 22, 1902. 
It is at the site of the old ou(\ the 4-foot marks of old and new gages 
coinciding. The l>ench mark is a 4 by 4-inch timber driven 4 feet 
south of the gage. It is 0.29 feet above gage datum. The meas- 
urements are made from a cable and suspended car at a point 1 mile 
above the gage, the latter being placecl near the farm of the observer, 
for his convenience. At the point of measurement the banks are 
high, and the channel is straight for some distance above and below 
the station. The bed of the stream is of rock and gravel and quite 
stable. There is a good site for a reservoir a short distance above 
the station. 



102 



ftTBEAM MKASITREMENT9 IN lS»Ce, PART IV, 



l»a^ 



In 1902 the following dlsclidi^ meast]rertii*Dl w*mi tntulo by E. C 
Murphy: 
^ October It: Oftge height, O.M feet; discharge, 12 second feet. 

Daitg gagv heights «» f^t, of HHmbttlfit River {South Fork) a/ 3iamn*» rai^ 

near Elka, Ner. 



D»y. 


Jad. 


P«b. 


Mat. 


Apr. Mar. Jane. Jii1t.,Aiw. 

1 i 


diipt. 


OtA. 


Wot. 


mf 


1HK 
1 .-.»,-- «»- 


a^ 


(L» 


ikm 


im &tt 


£.196 


a 10 


k«l 


o.otv 


0,30 


tw 


u 


!t,.^,-...^ -.-.*...-. 


.TR 


.m nft 


i.xi ii«o 


».«» 


v.flo 


i.aD 


.05 


M) 


I.OP 


II 


iL , «.-*„„„* 


.7B 


.« 


.m 


Lm 3.00 


aa» 


±m 


1.10 


05 


.» 


i.ni 


s 


4- ^^, -, * 


.TO 


.10 


.% 


l.«l itu 


aso 


iLm 


1.10 


.OS 


as 


LOO 


4u^ -, ._, - ,-,^*^ ^^^HT^-*-" * --- 


,10 


.w 


M 


1.10 «.70 


aao 


t.7h 


1.10 


.05 


.36 


1,10 


i 


•.....„<-.«._.,-«- 


.ni 


.m 


.m 


i.«il s,eo 


i.lU £.£0 


l.UO 


-00 


m t.K) 


u 


T. ...„._ 


,1U 

;to 
,70 


.90 


MO 
HO 


1.95 E.70 

t.m[ K,9o 


4.10 l«l 


l.OO 
I.OD 

..« 

Lno 


.SO 
.4& 


.40 
.4(» 

.4r» 

.40 


MO 

iin 
no 

1. 10 


I 
1. 


i,. „-.„ 


4.60 
&0» 


aa 
aao 


I.,^.»,,,«*^. * 


W... . ...... 


U .- „«,. 


.70 


Mt 


1, 10 


&IK) ^w 


^^ 


e.9o 


l.flO 


,ai 


.4U 


i.tu 


t, 


II.,, , _. , 


.70 
.70 




MO 
MO 
MO 
MO 
MO 
MO 


£, a> i a II) 


5,70 
S.Tdl 

ri.OD 
4,«U 


«,«o 

a» 

aio 

^10 


l.«0 

.so 
.to 
.m 


.30 

M 

,m 


.35 

.on 

.05 


i.ao 
i,m» 

L3> 


L 
I 
^. 

ti 
tl 


IBu...... _ _ . 


U_....... ....„,„..„ 


,70 

.10 

.to 


1ft . * 


ii... ... ..... 


m.-. ...- .„. 


s.% 


aw 


18. ,,„,,. 


.70 


,in 


ll& 


3e.S0 


a 10 


4.fiO 


8.W 


,60 


.15 


,ie 


hm 


ii 


W. .,- ^ ..^s. 


.70 

.70 
.70 

,70 
,70 




Mfi 

1.15 


e;«o 


A. 10 


4.fl0 
i.50 


aat» 

1,90 

l.PQ 

I. re 


.70 
.70 

.70 
.70 


.10 

.10 

,30 


.70 
.70 

.70 
.75 


i.« 

Lfll 

i,au 

MO 


t 


»...._. „. „ 


tMi K.7I* 
2,HU ^.75 


r 


it .-_ 


T 


m, .. .„,. 


t. 


m. -,-« 


2iJ:l> t.m ] 4.111 


L 


u ,„ 


,70 


Qfi 


i.m 


£.Tri f.eo 4, Mi 


i.:5 


.70 


.m 


,75 


MO 


L 


m. - ....„,... 


.70 
.7S 

l 

.7& 






S 7r> «.7T> 4.10 

17A t.fQ iam 


1.7S 
1.7S 
L5U 

i.sn 


.TO 
.70 
.70 

.70 


.as 


,«0 
.00 
1.00 


i.ia 

l.SO 


1. 


a. ,. 


1, 


«,...... 


£.711 ' aiKI 




I. 


»—„..... 


L 


«L« 


.75 


...... 


i.m 


S, 711 S, fW 


a.4() 


1,4(1 


.70 


.s& 


1.00 


1.30 


L 


»..........___ „... 


.m 




L»^ 


sjii ' :i.»i 


3,a> 


L40 


-TO, 


.00 


1,00 


La> L 


m .., 


.75 




LStk 


1- 




1.4Q 


.«E 


*,_.„ 


1.00 


L 



i Rating table for Humboldt River (South Fork), at Maaon'a ranch, Nevada, 

for 190i:\ 



I 



Oaffe 
height. 


Discharge. 1 


hoi^t. 


Discharge. 
Sec-feet. 


Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 


height. 


Discharge 


Feet. 


Sec-feet, 


Feet. 


Sev.-feet. 


Feet. 


Sec-feet. 


0.4 


7 


2.0 


276 


3.6 


740 


5.2 


1,230 


.6 


24 


2.2 


327 


3.8 


801 


5.4 


1,293 


.8 


47 


2.4 


382 


4.0 


862 


1 5.6 


1,354 


1.0 


74 


2.6 


439 


4.2 


922 


1 5.8 


1,41ft 


1.2 


105 


2.8 


499 


4.4 


9H3 


6.0 


1,47^ 


1.4 


141 


3.0 


559 


4.6 


1,045 


' 




1.6 \ 


182 , 


3.2 


619 


\ 4.8 


\ V 


\ 


1.8 j 


227 I 


3.4 


679 


1 " 


\ 



'1 



IKTEBIOB BASIN. 



108 



%ted monthly discharge of Humboldt River {South Fork) at Mason's ranch, 
near Elko, Nev, 

[Drainage area, 1,150 square milee.] 





Discharge in second-feet. 




Bnn-off. 


Month. 




MinlmTitn 


Mean. 


Total in acre- 
feet. 


Second-feet 


Depth in 
inches. 


1902. 
rv - 


41 

67 

122 

499 

831 

1,385 

589 

122 

30 

74 

105 

122 


35 

41 

67 

122 

439 

544 

141 

30 



2 

74 

105 


37 

61 

92 

349 

550 

959 

313 

59 

7 

29 

96 

119 


2,275 

3,388 

5,657 

30,767 

38,818 

57,064 

19,246 

3,628 

417 


0.032 
.053 
.080 
.304 
.478 
.834 
.272 
.051 
.006 


0.037 


MT - 


.055 




.092 
.339 




.551 


t 


.934 
.314 
.059 


iber . . 


.007 


T . 


1,783 


-oa,*! 


.029 


iber 


5,712 1 .083 


.093 


ber 


7,317 


.103 


.119 






The year 


1,885 





223 


161,072 


.193 


2.629 



HUMBOLDT RIVER NEAR ELKO, NEV. 

) station at Elko, established Juno 17, 1895, by L. H. Taylor is 
(d at the highway bridge 1 mile southwest of the town. The 
is inclined, fastened to iron bolts driven into the solid rock, and 
ced on the left bank immediately below the bridge. The bench 
is on the southwest corner of the cofferdam surrounding the 
pier of the bridge, 80 feet north of the gage, and is at an eleva- 
f 7.50 feet above gage datum. The right bank is quite low; the 
\ high and rocky. The bed of the stream is of gravel and sand, 
I slight tendency to change during flood stages. 



eTREAM MEA9UEKMENT8 IN 1902, PART IV- 



[»(Xtl 



The following discharge measurement was madtj m 1902 bj E. Q 
[urphy. 

October 11: Gn^e height, 1*W) feet; discliarge, 1.1 secijnd-feet. 
Daily gage height, iw/eef, of HttiRboldt Rh^&t fwar Elko^ Ntv. 





D«y. 




JftIL 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


Mar. 


Jttne. 


July. 


Amr^ 


Sept Oci 


t 


1«Q0. 








3.€0 
S.O0 
£.!» 

».» 
/.» 

it 76 
£.79 


«LHJ 
1187 

£.60 

aw 
am 


4.30 
4% 

4. in 

4.10 
4.00 

%lh 

aTs 
&«) 
aw 
ana 

H.MtJ 
8.85 


a 70 
a7» 


aso 


aso 

a 15 
au 
ai3 
ai& 
au| 
aoo 1 
' aoo 

1.00 
LflO 
LOO 

lt» 
1.9U 
1.00 1 


t7D| in 
1.70 im 


1 






4- 


i,ml t.m\ 


4.00 a4fi 


4 






IM 
1.ST 

t.ST 




4.30 
4.10 


aio 


1.70 
1.70 
1.70 


3 


i 






k 


L„ 




4.TE 146 








4.ilS 
4.90 
4.«i 

aw 

a 91 

' 6.3& 
fi.flO 
6.70 


a«& 

a46 
Bin 
asi 

am 

a (3D 
a 85 








L70 IW^ 

L70 in 

U7t^ ! in 

IM \ LTflj 

1.711 im 








m 


„„,..,.-. 




11 






m 








1H 






l,7tl 




U 






Ifi 






t.m 


%m 


1.70 .:.:j 


10 






ShH) 


15IJ 
1@0 




aio 


100 


ag& 

a 05 


a 00 
a 7a 


LOO* 

1.80 ; 

L80 


U70 
1.70 
l.TO 


- r » 


17 






jl^TiU 


IB 






s.au 


T0 






tun 
a.oo 


2.Q0 

tw 1 




a. 10 


4.10 
4. SO 


aa& 
aio 
aTT, 


I'm 
a 70 


1.00 
La> 
1.71S 


LTO 
LIU 


,„....., ^ 


mn 






m 






1.70 ....-- 


^ 






ia,f») 


ii.tKi 


%m 


3.4^1 


4.ao 


aao 


a6& 


1.7S 


1.10 


|...-«.r 


Sfft 






t4H 

&5U 


s,«rj ; 


2M 


3.511 

i.uo 

4.10 


4,;*) 

4,^ 


a 00 

4.05 


a 00 
arjQ 
a4fi 


1.10 

1.70 
1.70 


LW) 

1.70 
1.70 


..-* 


¥4 








«& 






„.,•*- 


SIR 






f.iri 


auu 1 


JI.UU' 


I.4U 
4. HO 
4>7t» 
4,06 
4.00 


4.») 

a 00 

3.0Q 


i.oo 

3.90 

ai5 
a 05 
ariQ 


a 43 

a ID 
a 35 
a 35 

aao 


L70 
IM 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 


1.70 
LTD 

L7I> 


.■m' 


17 








SK 








fM 








^ 


....,....-^ 




— - 


fn 






t.40 




x.«& 




S.l» 




a^ 


1.70 




_^^ 
















aDiscontinn 


Bdonac 




acking water up. 








Rating table for 


Huml 


ioldt River ne 


'ar Elko, Nev. , /or 1 


90^. 




Gaflre 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


I 
Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


height. 


Dischi 


*rge. 




Feet. 


Recond-feet. 


Feet. 


iSec<)n< 


i-feet. 


Feet. 


Secotui-fcet. 


Feet. 


.Secoiw 


l-/eet. 




1.6 


0.5 1 


3.0 




190 


4.8 


743 


6.6 


1,550 




1.7 


1.0 ! 


8.2 




240 


5.0 


822 


6.8 


1,655 




1.8 


7.0 


3.4 




292 


5.3 


903 


7.0 


1,763 




1.9 


14.0 1 


3.6 




346 


5.4 


988 


7.2 


1,873 




2.0 


22.0 


3.8 




402 


5.6 


1,076 


7.4 


1,986 




2.2 


43.0 


4.0 




461 


5.8 


1,166 


7.6 


2,101 




2.4 


70.0 


4.2 




525 


6.0 


1,257 


7.8 


2,218 


I 


2.6 j 


104,0 1 


4.4 




594 


ft. 2 


\ \.^ \ 


. ^.<i 


i 2,3:39 


1 


2,8 


14^ 


"1 


4.6 




667 


ft.4 


\ XM^\ 


\ ^ 



INTEBIOB BASIN. 



106 



Estimated monthly discharge of Humboldt River near Elko, Nev. 
[Drainage area, 2,840 square miles.] 



Month. 



19Q2. 

Jttinary 

Pehmary 

Kaich . 

April 

May - 

June 

Jidy 

ATigust - 

September 

October 1 to 14 



Discharge in second-feet. 



' M ^^^. Y ^TTl ^ t^l Minimnm. Mean. 



104 

190 

190 

748 

594 

1,148 

360 

48 

1 

1 



10 

70 

184 

155 

346 

382 

50 

1 

1 

1 



Of 

96 
158 
822 

460 

767 

187 

14 

1 

1 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



Rnn-o£F. 



Second- feet 
per aauare 



8,505 

5,882 I 

9,408 ' 

19,160 

28,284 

45,640 

11,498 

861 

60 

28 



0.0197 
.0388 
.0589 
.1184 
.1620 
.2701 
.0658 
.0049 
.0004 
.0004 



Dvpthin 
inches. 



0.023 
.035 
.062 
.126 
.187 
.801 
.076 
.006 
.0004 
.0002 



HUMBOLDT RIVER (NORTH FORK) NEAR HALLECK, NEV. 

This Station was established October 10, 1902, by E. C. Murphy. It 
is located aboat 2 miles west of the Southern Pacific Railroad station at 
Bburz. The nearest post-oflBce is Halleck, Nev. The gage is an 
inclined 4 by 4 inch timber graduated to read direct to feet and 
tenths. It is read daily by the observer, Joe Dolce. The measure- 
ments are taken from a car and cable. The channel is straight both 
*bove and below the station. The current is swift. Both banks are 
high. The left bank overflows at very high water. The bed of the 
stream is permanent and composed of gravel and silt. The bench 
^ark is a 4 by 4 inch timber driven into the ground about 20 feet up- 
stream from the cable. Its elevation is G.99 feet above the zero of the 
^age. 



^^ily gage height, in feet, of the Ilmnhohlt River {Xarth Fork) near Halleck, 


Net\ 


D*y. 


Oct. 


Nov. 
Zltt 


Doc, 
2. BO 

t.m 




Oct..WyT.'Dw.« 

\ \ 1 

;3fj»;±aii i!.(ti 
: 2.m ; t.m ' s.rit) i 
\ a.i« s.:hi» swi 

%.W ; 3.2Jt> ■ ^AU\ 1 

±m ±\^i ] tJvi 
' g.if> :se.:ii a.isr i 

I^.ll> S.^l 2.Ui 
2A» B.m g,4lJ 


1 
Day, 

St .. 

«4... ..,. 


i^t. 


NiJT, Dec. 

1 


1,..!*" 




1 intf. 

'l3 ,-,.. 

; 14........... 

IS.. 

1 16 ,.„. 

IT 


±.Ui ±m 2.W 


s 




2.^i 1 ir.au 
±3i> a, 10 

3,10 in) 
S.:W i 3t40 

em ! 2.m 
g.iti ' 


2.m 


a... 




ZJ*) 


«-.. 




^\- -.-.- 


±w 


a.^ 




a!. Ill) 


1 « 




t IH) 


i T... 




2.80 Sf.M 


• IK..... 

111.., .„ 

Jl 

;-*' -- 

a?.... 


ir.70 


I «.,. 




31^. 

:ii.-«- ., 


SJ.7I) 


I c 




*.70 


1 * 


l.flO 


£.31} 




\ 


\ 




\ 



106 



STREAK MEASPTIEMENTS m 19t^, TAWT TV, 



fmt 



^Vh 



1 



HAETS RIVER AT BRADLEY'B HOMK RAKCtt, NEAR DEETM, KfiT, 



lisfitutlon is IochUhI uu Bradley'j^ mtiLrli at th» wagon bridge jiUiut 
20 miles upstroam from the maittb or from Deeth, Nev. The gage k 
aTertloul 8taff graduated to feet and Wnthsj and is spike*! to tin* pier 
of the bridge. It is read twico daily byiieorge Hurry. Th*" channel 
IB straight both above and below th^ gtiitioii. The banks lire high mi 
the bed of the «tream Is eomjKJsied of silt and clay. The bent'h mark 
is a 4 by 4: inch tiuilwir fset on the left f>ank 35 feet from the ^^age. Ite 
elevation is 9. 28 feet above the zero of the trage. 

A measurement October 10, 1005, by E. C. Murphy showed do 
discharge. 

K 

^^ Dtiilff gug» }wighi, in feet ^ of Marf^tt Rit^r ttettr Deeth, A'*?r, 



IHT^ 


mm. 


tm. 


mr- 


Kerr. 


Vtc. 


0»T 


If or. 


Doe. 


D*r. 


liot. 


pw 


I 




«.» 

EL IS 
£.10 

£.10 


»_ ^^j 










140 
£L4A 


iflce. 

2&__ . 


£.10 
2.10 


l!ff 


8..__ , 




10. ....... 




IS. „.._-„ 




ai 


i4i 


B.. 




11 


'""' 


le^., ,, 




»r 


tA 


4, 




ao^ . 




1 tft . 


Itf 


5 


— 


13 




81 ,.„,.-_ 




1 JW ... - -_ 

89 ... ...... 

SO -. .. 


tm 


e.*- - 


U*. •, - 




BB..-.. „ 




r« 


T 






US -- 




1^ 




*11 


fttf 


J ^ *- 


,.^... 


le 




"i 


ti 


y.lG 
















' 



WALKER KIVER NEAR WABUBKA, NEV. 

Thi.s st-ation was established July 22, 1902, by L. TL Taylor. It was 
equipped December 12, 1902, by E. C* Murphy. It is located about 8 
miles east of Wabuska, Nev. The gage it* a vertical staff graduated 
to feet and tenths and located about 50 feet upstream from the cable, 
from wli i el i m e a s u re m e 1 1 ts a rt ? a ad e . Th e gage i s read twice d a i ly bj 
W, 11, Mitchell. Th*i channel is .straight both above and l)elow ih^ 
station. The banks are high. The l>ed of the stream is sandy and 
shifting. The bench mark is four nails driven in the northwest corner 
of the pump platform 35 feet east of the gage. The elevation of the 
bencti mark is G.94 feet above the zero of the gage. 



INTEBIOR BASIN. 



107 



ng 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
larphy and L. H. Taylor: 

1I732: Qage height, 1.00 foot; discharge, 47 second-feet. 
;tober 7: Gage height, 0.48 foot; discharge, 0.71 second-foot. 



Daily gage height. 


in feet, of Walker River near Wabuska, 


Nev. 




Day. 


July. 


Aug. 

0.00 
.55 
.60 

.50 


Sept. 1 Oct. 

1 


Nov. 


Dec. 


1902. 


0.20 i 0.20 
.20 1 .20 
.20 ' .20 


0.00 
.00 

.00 

.65 
.66 
.55 

.00 

.65 

.66 

.70 

.70 

.80 

.90 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.06 

1.15 

1.30 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.40 

1.35 

1.30 


1 30 




1 30 




1.30 




.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.20 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.15 
.20 
.20 


.25 
.25 
.25 
.30 

.:« 

.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.30 
.35 
.35 
.35 
.40 
.45 

m 


1.35 






.45 

.40 
.40 


1.40 






1.40 






1.50 






1 70 


1 


1.70 


1 


.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.35 
.36 
.30 
.30 
.30 


1.70 




1.76 


1 


1.76 


1 


1.76 


1 


1.80 


1 


1.90 


1 


1.90 


1 


1.86 


1 


1.86 


1 


1.80 


1 ■ ' 


1.80 


.: 1 


1.75 






1.00 

.a. 

.80 
.75 
.70 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.60 
.00 


.30 1 .20 
.30 ; .20 
.30 1 .15 
.:«! .15 
.25 .15 
.25 1 .30 
.25 1 .20 
.25 .20 
.25 .20 
.25 1 


1.75 






1.75 






1.70 






1.70 






1.66 






1.05 






1.00 






1.55 






1.45 






1.40 






1 1 





:r river (east fork) at ross ranch, near yerington, nev. 

station was established October G, 1902, by E. C. Murphy. It 
ied about 10 miles southeast of Yerington, Nev., at Ross ranch, 
ge is a 4 by 4 vertical timber graduated to feet and tenths. It is 
lily by I. A. Strosnider, the ranch owner, who lives about 200 
iway. Measurements are made from a cable. The channel is 
it both above and below the station. The banks are low and 
A) overflow at high water. The bed of the stream is sand and 
id is liable to shift. The bench mark is three nails driven in 
imp of a tree G inches in diameter and 15 feet east of the gagQ. 
vation is 5.85 feet above the zero of the gage. 



108 



STREAM MEASIJREMKNTH IN liK*2> PART IV. 



riKk^& 



The following discharge* measuremetit. was made in llH)i' Uy E* C. 
Marphy: 

■ October th G«ge hoight, U2Q f{$et; liisrharge, 55 second-feet. 
DaiiU yt^gi' fit^ight, in fe^t^ of Walker Iiii*t:r {Eattt Fork) at Hohm ra»rh, rtfflr 



I.. 


Cktt. 


Not, 

1,W 
1,70 
1.70 
170 
1.7D 
IM 

hm 
hm 
vm 
i.m 
Lao 


D«c. 


IM. 


Dot, 


Not, 


06(9, 


i>»y 


OctJlT^rJDw. 


1 




1,1*0 
S.UI 

s.ia 
i.ao 


mm. 

l3..-.„- 

14— ...,.„., 


1.00 

i.eo 

i.en 
ion 


l.ji> 


iMji 
1 Mil 


uoe. 


laf> iM) Mil 


t ^ - 




M 


160 1 180 


1 ii 


a 




X.ml 1«J 
hm 1 iM) 


r» .,„,„ 


1 ffl 


i 




IS ,....,. 


»_-..,., 


ITTI 
ITO 
170 
ITO 

t.TO 


LUl 
180 

isn 
i.m 
hm 

""" 


1 m 


II 




W «,.,«-. 


ai -.,---. 


1 fii 


i 


1.10 

1 m 


18 


ISO 
1»0 
IflO 
LSD 


IMI 
1«* 

i.eo 
i.do 

1.80 


BB „ 


\m 


7 


Ja», ,,,. 


\m 


a^._. 


IP „ 


30.„,„ 


1A1 


W-- 


an ... 


»l „....., 


1 m 


1ft . **,* 


fi............ 




■ 


H 


a8-„,...,.._. 









WALKER RIVER (WEST PORK) AT UPPER END OP ANTELOPE VALLKYi 
K NEAB COLEVILLE. CAI4. 

This stati(3n was established October 5, 1902, by E. G. Mtirphy. It 
is lofjHted about 4 miles soulli west of Coleville, CaL The gage is » 
plain staff graduated t^ feetaod tenths. It in lociited about one-balf 
mile upstream from the cable from whidi the measurements aro made. 
The ohsorver is John Trumble. The cl urn 11 el is straight both iib<>ve 
and below the station. Both banks are high. The bed of the stream 
is stony and permanent. The bench mark is a spike driven into the 
tree to which the gage is fastened. Its elevation is 6 feet above the 
zero of the gage. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
L. H. Taylor and D. W. Hays: 

July 25: Discharge, 331 second-feet. 
September 23: Discharge, 32 second-feet. 
October 4: Discharge, 70 second-feet. 

Daily gage height, in feety of Walker River {West Fork) near Coleville, Od 



Dur. 


Oct. 


Nuv. ' Doc. 


Day. 
IflOS. 


Oct. 

100 

1.00 

1011 

100 

1.00 

IW 

1.00 

100 1 

IM 

l(in 


Nov. 


Due, 


D.y. 


Oct, 

LOO 

hm 

ISO 
L30 

Lao 

LQO 

130 

I.ao 

iiao 


1«* 
1^ 
Itfl 
130 

lao 
110 

13[» 


!>eO' 


L. 




1«H 

lao 

12f» 
liO 
iar» 

130 

isn 

laa 


lao 

14(1 

130 

lan 


ISO 


110 
100 

1 :i 1 


19Rg. 


»« 


t...... -. . 




IS............ 

14__ 


Z .:...:..::. 


*« 


3.. .„..-.„. 


Sfj. ..„ 


1^1 


4-. ..„.„,., 


iin 

I.IQ 
110 

110 


lii... ,„„ 


\.%* 1.3a 


«tt.,„,-, 

S* — ^-^-^^^ 

gft „„ 


a! 


B„.„_. 


Ifl 


l.»l) 

130 

I.ao 


13ft 
llii 
100 


i 


C,...., 

7 .„ 


IT - 

in 


1 
1 


« 


19 


Irt) 

I in 


HTK.. .,„ 


1 


*L * * i 


imJLsn,j.m\ 


W 


I m 




w. / 


il 


\\.m\ x.iss 


V 


\ V'"" 


\ 


JI.....1i 


,wi.m i.sti }} 


^_ ,. 


ltw\ l*ft\v.1ii\\ 


\ \ \ . 


f 


1 




'1 






\ 


\ 


w 



INTERIOB BASIN. 



109 



CARSON RIVER NEAR EMPIRE, NEV. 

)ctober 21, 1900, a gaging station was established about 2 miles 
the town of Empire. The old gage, a temporary one, was ver- 
Iriven into the stream bed, and spiked to a timber set firmly in 
t bank. The bench mark was on a stone wall 10 feet from the 
nd at an elevation of 7.5 feet above gage datum. The channel 
ight, the banks are rather high at the old station, and the bed is 
sed of cobbles and gravel and is not likely to shift. On Feb- 
18, 1901, erosion of a bar in the channel above the gage caused 
ion of the stream bed into two channels. On March 13, 1901, a 
nent gage was placed farther downstream where the banks are 
itable. The gage consists of a wooden rod driven vertically into 
•eam bed and spiked to a cottonwood tree on the left bank. I'he 
mark is on the top of a large bowlder 10 feet north of the gage, 
ivation being 8.38 feet above the datum of the gage. 

Discharge measurements of Carson River near Empire^ N(w. 



Date. 



1902. 



t30. 



Hydrogrrapher. 



C. V. Taylor... 

D. ViT. Hays... 

C. V. Taylor . . . 

D. W, Hays . . . . 
do 

L. L. Richards . 



Gage 
height. 


Feet. 


3.10 


2.80 


3.70 


2.15 


.35 


.45 



DiHcharge. 

Second-feet. 

925 

755 

1,391 

413 

23 

32 




Hating table for Carson River near Empire^ Nev.,for 1902. 



Gaffe 
height. 



Feet. 
0.1 
.2 
.3 
.4 
.5 
.6 
.7 
.8 
.9 
1.0 



Discharge. 


Gasre 
height. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


10 


1.1 


15 


1.2 


20 


1.3 


25 


1.4 


32 


1.5 


41 


1.6 


52 


1.7 


65 


1.8 


80 


1.9 


97 


2.0 



Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


116 


2.1 


137 


2.2 


160 


2.3 


185 


2.4 


212 


2.5 


241 


2.6 


272 


! 2.7 


305 


2.8 


340 


1 2.9 


377 


3.0 



Discharge. 


Gaffe 
height. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


416 


3.1 


457 


3.2 


500 


3.3 


545 


3.4 


592 


3.5 


642 


3.6 


695 


3.7 


751 


3.8 


810 


3.9 


872 


4.0 



DischarfC 



Second-f^ 
938 
1,006 
1,082 
1,160 
1,242 
1,328 

i,4ie 

1,51S 
1,61C 
1,71^ 



□.L] 



IITTERIOB BASIN. 



Ill 



Estimated monthly discharge of Carson River near Empire, Nev, 
[Draixiage area, 088 square miles.] 





Discharge in seoond-feet. 


Totelin acre- 
feet. 


Run-4 

Second-feet 
per^uare 

0.228 
.282 
.416 
.626 
1.054 
1.014 
.172 
.019 
.015 
. 055 
. 162 
.216 


>ff. 


Month. 




Minimum 


Mean. 


Depth in 
inches. 


1902. 
iry 


272 

592 

751 

1,082 

1,712 

1,512 

500 

25 

20 

212 

241 

241 


187 1 
241 1 
305 
340 1 
545 
500 ' 
'" 20 ' 

10 

10 

15 

97' 
185 ! 


225 
279 

411 

618 

1,041 

1,002 

170 

19 

15 

54 

160 

213 


13,835 

15,495 

25,271 

:?6. 774 

64.009 

59, 623 

10, 453 

1.168 

893 

3. 320 

9,521 

13.097 


0.26 


lary 

h _ 


.29 

.48 




.70 




1.22 




1.13 




.20 


Bt 


.02 


mber 

)er . . . 

mber 

nber . _ . 


.02 
.06 
.18 
.25 


The year 


1,712 


10, 


351 


253,459 


.355 


4.81 



JON RIVBR (east FOUK) AT RODENBAH'S RANCH, NEAR GARDNER- 

VILLE, NEV. 

le gaging station was established by L. II. Taylor on October 17, 
, at the place where measurements were made in the years 1890, 
, and 1892. The old gage was an inclined timber securely fast- 
to posts set in the right bank of the stream. The old bench 
I was on a basalt rock in the edge of the stream, 20 feet from the 
and at an elevation of 6.3 feet above gage datum. The channel 
le old station is straight and the banks are high. The stream 
is of cobbles and gravel, and is quite stable. 

I August 2, 1001, a loose-rock dam was raised a short distance 
w the gaging station, which affected the velocity at the latter 
b. The dam was partly washed out by a freshet on December 4, 
A new gage was established on March 10, 1001, a short distance 
istream from the original one, which h<ad Ikhmi destroyed. It 
ists of a vertical timber driven into the stream bed at the right 
: and spiked to a cotton wood tree. A bench mark was also estab- 
d on a large granite bowlder 20 feet south of the gage under the 
) from which tlie measurements are made. Its elevaticm is 8.10 
above the datum of the gage. On October iJ, 1902, a new inclined 
was installed by E. C. Murphy ^t a point on the left bank of the 
600 feet above the cable. This gage has not \>^e\i t^«A^ «k& \X\fe 



113 



8TBEAM MEASUREMKXTK IN HJ(13, PART IV. 



oa© placrcd on Mar<jh 10, lHOlj it* stili in use. The trench mark isi 
a rook 2 feet cast of the gig«^ It is IK 945 feet above ga^ dattim^ 



m^harg^mtamrm 


nm^ 


»/ 


C 




Vf^ f 


\>rk) 


»**V|t* 


Gar* 


inert 


H'lle, , 


^., 


mm. ' 
Si* 




^^i 


Q&«« 


DlKbarfv. | 


^ IMS. 

April 31..-.. ...-*,... 

May IS *- * 


D, W. Ha] 
C. V, Tmfk 


' XH 


4.60 

S,70 
S.50 


Bt€&m 


<Mi^a 


or - 4..^««.,-.., 


sal 


July a ,.,,„, 


m. ,*,«, 


fll 


Jul V io ^ . ^,^ 


do 


11M 


JntytO 


,„,,d«„_ — .— — -^ 


|2 


August 5.... 




L>L. BkhMfds 
KC* Murphy - 




•J 


OfvfnhfirS 






la 








i/i»ft, of OaraM JNiN$r (Bad JfMt) iMsr Oar 




\Hiy. 


Dec 


ltaay0a0»A«4^t,J« 


tinf*^ 


Dn> 


J 11.11. 


I\'b, 


aio 


Apr^ 




ltai^«. 


IttlT- 


Aiiif. 


Sspt ! Oct. 


Hot. 


m 


alio 
a, 8) 


«.1Q 


a« 
aw 


t.4n 

4.ao 




t.MO 

4, nil 
:i,wi 
am 
am 

4,00 

am 


HLflO 
a 40 

n.m 

•Am 
a 4^1 
am 
aTti 
a (15 
a 75 
am 


aa an 
aao 2.65 

a 10 R, 15 
a 10 i a 10 
aoTi a 05 
am , s.oi 
a 10 a 10 


2.M 

a«» 

am 

a a* 
am 
».w 
2.m 
a% 
4.m 
a 75 
aTD 
a Jilt 
am 
a45 
a 40 
^^ 

a 40 
a 35 
am 
am 
a 40 
a:« 
a 40 
a 40 
a 25 
a 35 
a 85 
a 40 


IK 
£.31 

tn 

3,3) 

11 
1» 


1L.„- ...„.„,-... 

3 , _ ... 


B.10 a 30 


S 








:i> iri i a ai 


4.01^ 5 m 


5.50 
ft. 70 


S 


a 41) :i.2n w.w \ iJ^t r,.m 


<vrt» 1 am 

5.30 ' aim 
r^aj am 


>.,.,..- .<«. 

10L ♦ .^** 




a+d ;iio 4, TO fl.Bo 
3,m' :i. KJ 1 *.4<J 1 (i Nl 

a,uu 1 )i.m [ 4.40 ' rj,40 

B,% :4 10 4 Itt ' C,.Id\ 


aiJD 
aio 
a 06 
am 

a IS 
aifi 


a<i* 
a 10 
am 
aiKj 
a 10 

am 

2.m 
am 

2.m 
2.95 
am 
a 20 
a 05 
a 05 
2.95 
2.m 
2.m 

2.85 

2.m 
am 
2.95 


11 .,.......,...* 


aiHi 


10 1, ^^ . 


fi.^j 1 am atio 
r»,4o am a*is 
5.50 a7r> a 713 
■*.f)o am a 70 

4. no 1 XVti 3.TS 
4.70 ;t. Ni a.«> 


I4w « «. 


11 m 


aai 
a!»i 

H 111 

3. 50 
3.50 
3.50 


a 4(1 i.^nri.rio 

El,5t) 4.tM) ! 5.40 


IS _ «.»..,... 


a*» 
ai»» 

3 iy) 


IT , - 

18 


:i.flrt 4J¥> 
3. (HI 4.yo 
3. fiO ; 4. 70 
a«0 4.70 
a 70 4.50 
a 70 4.30 
a 70 4.50 
3 00 ' ^ 30 


.V4.. 

r,. Til* 

4.VH) 
5.00 
5.20 
5.20 
5.30 
5.00 
5.30 
5. 50 
5.40 
5.30 
6.00 
5.50 
5.40 
5.20 




19 


3 40 


4.80 am a70 ' 2.90 
4.. 50 am a 70 2.90 


2.85 


20 


3.50 


2.80 


21 

22 

23 


3.40 
3.50 
3.50 


3.40 
3.40 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.30 
3.20 
a 10 


4.60 1 3.70 j 3.m ; 
4.70 1 3.70 3.m 
4.30 i 3.80 1 3.05 


2.85 

2.m 
2.m 
2.75 
2.m 

2.85 

2.m 
a 05 
a 00 
am 


2.7s 

2.e6 


24 


3 40 


4.20 
4.20 
4.10 
4.00 
4.00 
a 90 

am 


3.70 1 3 ft5 1 


2^ 


25 

28 

:::::::;:;;;:::::::;:;;::: 

29 

80 

81 


3.10 
2.90 
3.00 
3.10 
3.20 
3.20 
8.20 


a 50 
a 50 
a 00 
a 00 
a 70 
aao 
a 80 


4.60 
4.50 
4.50 
4.30 
4.40 
4.30 
• 


a 00 
a 70 
am 
a.w 
a 70 
am 
am 


a.-io 
a 50 
a 45 
a 50 
a45 1 
a 45 

3.40 


2.^ 
2.^ 
2.^ 

2.8^ 
2.4i^ 





















INTEBIOB BASIN. 



113 



Ming table for Carson River (East Fdrk) near Oardnerville, Nev.,for 1902. 



Ttet. 
2.5 
2.8 
2.7 
2.8 
2.9 
3.0 
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 



Diacharge. 



Second-feet. 
30 
34 
38 
42 
46 
51 
57 
65 
74 



hS^S. I>i«b»rge. 



3.4 
3.5 
3.6 
3.7 

3.8 
3.9 
4.0 
4.1 
4.2 



Second-feet. 
85 
98 
115 
140 
180 
233 
297 
368 
441 



Gaffe 
height. 



Feet. 
4.3 
4.4 
4.5 
4.6 
4.7 
4.8 
4.9 
5.0 
5.1 



Discharge. 

Sexiond'feet. 
519 
598 
675 
750 
825 
900 
975 
1,050 
1,125 



Oage 
, height. 


Discharge. 


' Feet. 


Second-feet. 


j 5.2 


1,200 


1 5.3 


1,275 


' 5.4 


l,a50 


; 5.5 


1,425 


5.6 


1,500 


1 5- 


1,575 


1 5.8 


1,650 


! 5.9 


1,725 


; 6.0 


1,800 


li 





Ettimated monthly discharge qf Carson River (East Fork) at Rodenbah ranch^ 
near Oardnerville, Nev, 

[Drainage area, 881 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

Umaiy 

efaroary 

arch 

pril 

me 

ay ,.- 

Qgngt 

(ptember 

ctober 

ovember ...... 

eoember . 

The year 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maxinram. 



Minimiun. 



115 

140 

180 

975 

1,800 

1,800 I 

297 

265 

80 

65 

297 

85 



46 
57 
57 

180 



Mean. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



81 I 
78 I 

101 

601 



1,800 



m 


1,205 


80 


955 


98 


178 


70 


131 


40 


54 


44 


51 


46 


86 


28 


r>4 



28 



298 



4,980 

4,332 

6,210 

35,762 

74,093 

56,826 

10, 945 

8,055 

3,218 

8,136 

5,117 

3, 320 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 

per square 

mile. 



Depth, in 
inches. 



215,989 



r 



0.213 
.205 ! 
.265 
1.577 
3. 163 
2.507 
.467 
.344 
.142 
. 134 I 
.226 I 
.143 , 

.782 ' 



0.25 

.21 

.31 

1.76 

3.64 

2.80 

.54 

.40 

.16 

.15 

.25 

.16 



10.63 



CARSON RIVER (WEST FORK) AT WOODFORDS, CA\j. 

The gaging station, established by L. II. Taylor on October 18, 1900, 
about three-fourths of a mile above the post-office at Woodfords. 
lie gage is a vertical timber graduated to feet and tenths. It is read 
iUy hyBernice Merrill, Woodfords, Cal. The ctauneiV a\)\\v^ ^\,aWc>\x 
JBB 85—03 8 



114 



STREAM MEA8UBEMKNTS IN 1W2, PART IV. 



i^ml 



is straight, the banks are hi^h atid rockj', and tho bed m of nx^k and j 
^avel and not likely to shift. Measurenif^iits are miftde from a cuf < 
suspended on a steel cabl<3 across the stream. 

DUctmrge meamrefttenU of Carmn Rimr ( West Fork) at Wfiodfords, Cotl 





1 Uf^rtigmphtsr, I^H^ 


"1 


April SS.-,.-^.- —..-, 

May la .**,,.-.«.,.. 

Jnlya _-....,.,.-._.. 

JnlySil . . 


D.W.Havs .. 

a V.Taylor-. ..,_*. 


a. 65 
1,70 

a. 41) 


m 

m 


D.W.Hayft . . ..... .. 


do .„.--._-e.-...-- 




C, V.Taylor., ,.-., ,, 

L. L. Richards . , , , , ^_ . , -.^ 







Daily gaip* fwi^ht, in feti^ of Carstm River {West Fork) tit WoodfordM, CttL 



I5»3r- 



B.. 
I„ 
ft.. 

«,. 

T-. 

10- 

J«.. 
IS- 

u., 

l«„ 

17.. 
1»- 

a-. 



leoe. 



Jan J TebJM&r. 



m.. 



a. 60 
£,eo 

£.00 

a TO 
».w 

s.«rj 
».» 

2,90 

i^.w 

S,90 
100 
S.OQ 

a, 10 

a ST) 
a 30 

aio 
asr> 
aw 
aao 



aTw 

aw 
^m 
aw* 

4.00 

aso 

!!.90 

awt 
a HO 

H,WO 

a^ 
a»ii 
aio 

n.m 
aw 
a^i 
ami 
'Am 
4 til 

4.»J 

4 an 



4.00 
4.0> 

a (HI 
n^m 
aflo 
afio 
ami 
a.w 
tLm 
II m 
a 40 
aw 
aiM 
a 40 
aw 
a so 
afo 
±m 

B.70 

2.m 

a (Ml 
a, m 
am 
aw 
2.m 
a (10 

£.80 



Apr. Mky 



a 10 

a 30 
a 44) 
a4t) 
a nil 
a to 
a Ml 
a 90 
ai<i 
a^o 
a 00 
avtt 

aw 
a 80 
ai!0 
a no 
a fi<» 
a 10 
li »i 
H :«i 
a. Ill 

H 4i) 

aw 

a, ft) 

H.m 

I a 30 

! afio 



June July \Axng. Sept.! 0<st 'iro¥. 
I I 1 ,1 



a 00 



a«o 

aw 
aiK» 

a 70 
aTi» 
aTO 
am 

am 
aTo 

I am 

4.00 

4.00 

I 4.00 

I 4.£0 

i ^-^ 
a»o 
a«o 
aw 
a^i 
i.2n 

4.44) 
4.rso 
4. no 

4. HO I 
4. MO I 
4,Ntl I 

4.ni I 

..™| 

4.TO[ 



4.fii>| 
4.40 ' 

4.40 I 

4.4(» 

4.«) 

4.W 

4.60 

4.40 ! 

4.40 I 

4,40 

4.40 

4.00 

4,20 ! 

4,10 

4.10 

4.10 

4.10 

4.10 

4.30 

4.20 

4.30 

4.30 

4,10 

4.10 

LgO 

4.aci 



4.«0 

aw 
aai 

aw 
am 
am 
am 
aw 
a 40 
a 40 
a 40 
aso 
aw 
am 
am 
am 

2.W 

a 90 
aao 

£.90 

3. (*> 
tm 
aw 
aw 

a;ii 

170 

am 
am 
am 
am 



%m 

a40 
a 40 
a 41* 
a 40 
a 40 
a 40 
a40 
am 
a 40 
a 30 
aso 
a 80 

£.40 

aw 
aw 
aai 
am 
:f.;i) 
am 
am 
a a) 
a4ii 

£,50 

a 40 
aw 
^.m 
aw 
aw 
aw 



aw 

aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
am 
am 
am 
am 
am 
aw 
aw 
aw 
g w 
aw 
aw 
aw 
am 
am 
aw 
a£o 
aw 
am 



am 
am 
aw 
aw 
aw 



£40 

am 

t.m 
a 10 

aw 



m 

t0 



aw 
am 
am 
am 
am 
aw 
am 
am 



aio 
a9i» 

t.m 
am 
aflo 
aw 
aid 
a 40 



aw I a4o 
awl aiu 
am I a40 
aw am 
am am 
am am 
am zm 



a 40 
am 
aw 
aw 
a40 
a 40 

.^iO 



am 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 
aw 



I aw ' aw ^ 

^ aw ' a 40 

aw I aw 

i aw a4o 



£10 

110 
tli 

ii» 
If* 
%w 

in 
ifl) 
tm 
tm 
tm 
tm 

t7i 

t^ 
tm 
%» 

tm 

iio I 
i«) ' 

10D 

i«9 



-1 INTERIOR BASIN. 115 

iting table far Carson River ( West Fork) at Woodfords, Cat., for 1902, 



^^ DMchiirge. 


Oase 
heiglit. 


Discharge. 


' 


»«. \ Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


A 


2 


2.4 


42 


3.4 


.6 


6 


2.6 


57 


3.6 


.8 


12 


2.8 


75 


8.8 


J.O 20 


8.0 


96 


4.0 


1.2 30 


3.2 


120 


4.2 



Discharge. 


1 hei^t. 

1 


Discharge. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Seoond-feet, 


147 


4.4 


342 


178 


4.6 


893 


218 


4.8 


448 


252 


5.0 


508 


295 







\ated monthly discharge of Carson River ( West Fork) at WoodfordSy Cal, 
[Drainage area, 70 square milefl.] 



Month. 



1902. 

^ 

lary ... 
1 



Discharge in second-feet. 



MRxiynnm . 



8t ... 

mber 
cr... 
nber. 
Qber. 



The vear . 



195 

318 

393 

232 

448 

393 

295 

57 

36 

42 

57 

75 



448 



Minimum. 



57 
108 
178 
252 

57 

36 

30 

30 I 

36 I 

49 



Mean. 



107 

238 

138 

175 

287 

319 

121 

40 

32 

34 

46 

58 



30 



133 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



6,579 

13,218 

8,485 

10,413 

17,647 

18,982 

7,440 

2,460 

1,904 

2,091 

2,737 

3,566 

95,522 



Bun-olf. 



Second-feet, p^tjj^ 



1.53 

3.40 

1.97 

2.50 

4.10 

4.56 

1.73 

.57 

.46 

.49 

.66 

.83 



1.90 



1.76 

3.54 

2.27 

2.79 

4.78 

5.09 

1.99 

.66 

.51 

.56 

.74 

.96 



25.60 



TRUCKEE RIVER AT TAHOE, CAL. 

uckee River, the natural outlet of Lake Tahoe, leaves the lake at 
;ity of Tahoe. About 500 feet from the lake there is a timber 
across the river, which has been maintained for more than 
ty years, for the purpose of controlling the discharge from the 
June 17, 1900, a gage was placed in the stream for the purpose 
cording the height of the water in the river. The gage is a ver- 
timber driven into the stream bed at the left bank about 300 feet 
w the dam, and is spiked to the root of a tree growing on the 
:. The bench mark is cut in the side of the tree and is 4 feet 
gage datum. The measurements are made iroin «b c«\^<^ 



u« 



STREAM MEASUREMENTS TN im2, PABT IV- 



and sQspendeci ear about one-fourth mile below the ga^^^ which wa 
placed as near the eity of Tahoe as pos^iblfi for the convenien*^ < 
the observer. At the point of measureinent the right bank is lowan^^ 
IS subject to overflow at verj" iiigh Mtage« of the stream. The left Imnk | 
is rather high. The chaniie! is nearly straight for a short dist,*)ii(ie 
below the station, and the bed of the rivt?r, which is of gravel and 
ooarae sand, is smooth and stable. The piirp(>sf3 of the 5tatioi} ista 
ai&certain the actual overflow from Lake Tahoe with a view to d^ter- 
mining its real value as a storage reHcrvoir. 
The following measurement was luade in 11)013 by K. CX Murpliy: 

October 22t Gmge height, 1,67 t&&t\ diHchar|<e, S^^O mK^ond-feeL 
DaUff gage height^ in feet, of Tniekt*r Mimr at Takm^ Oai, 



1^. 



t — .. 
H 

Sl-„.-- 

4 

i. 

f - 

i. 



la... 

14.,. 






Jtm. 



.m 
,m 

.so 

.00 
\M 

i.cn 

l.fW 

too 

l.W 
l.OD 
\M 
1.00 
.«5 

.m 

.Oft 
1.05 



Pel*. 



,m 
M 
M 

,m 

.«0 
.00 
.00 

.m 
.% 

.£6 

,96 

.00 
.10 
.40 
.40 
.«> 
.40 
.10 
.40 
.40 
.40 



Mar, 



Apr* 



&40 



a4A 

.40 
.40 
.40 
M 
.40 
.40 
<» 

.^ 

,3& 
M 
.35 

.:)& 

,:fi 

.si 

.;!5 I 

.»5 I 



mmr. 


Jusjc. 


Jtay. 


A««. 


Bei^ 


CkJt. 


ir<w. 


D«e. 


o.as 


0.^ 


n.m 


1.80 


%m 


L^ 


t» 


Ltf 


.85 


.m 


.no 


1.90 


£.00 


i.m 


L*n 


11^ 


.35 


.80 


.»0 


i.eu 


£L00 


J.TS 


1-^ 


L.«» 


.85 


.MO 


.80 


l.^ 


St. 00 


LT5 


LiiT 


m 


.do 


.60 


.at) 


Lftl 


8.00 


LiB 


1,1*7 


I.II 


.90 


.m 


.M) 


a.ao 


%m 


LIU 


Lit 


LfO 


.90 


.m 


.lii 


190 


i.m 


L70 


i.a? 


l« 


.BO 


M 


.65 


LSO 


hm 


LIS 


1.«? 


I.* 


.iP 


M 


;»! 


tflO 


1.80 


LfO 


IM 


IM 


.90 


.m 


.05 


IW 


l.SO 


l.W 


l.TO 


1.1^ 


.«S 


,m 


M 


1.90 


1.80 


LJ» 


LTtJ 


1!I 


.85 


.m 


.95 


1,90 


l.«0 


l.w 


LTO 


I.T5 


My 


M 


.05 


l.«0 


i.eo 


1.80 


L7TJ 


IIS 


.80 


.m 


1.80 


3.10 


l.«0 


Lft> 


1.70 


LTt 


.»» 


.^ 


l.»C) 


£.10 


hm 


LT5 


1.70 


L75 


.» 


.70 


LflO 


1.10 


l.ftO 


L75 


LTO 


L^ 


.a> 


,70 


Lao 


S.IO 


1.80 


1.75 


LTO 


L1» 


M 


.70 


LfiCI 


a.u> 


\.m 


L75 


LTO 


I.^ 


M 


.it> 


l.SO 


£.10 


1.80 


1.75 


Llii 


LH 


M 


.7^» 


1.30 


«.10 


1.H0 


1,75 


LIS 


\M 


.MJ 


.75 


l.SO 


£.10 


i.rs 


LTD 


L9ti 


LIB 


.W 


,K) 


1,3(J 


S.IO 


i.m) 


L70 


Lie 


L» 


,m 


.W l.flO 


S.10 


l.W 


LW 


YM 


I,W 


,m 


.80 ' l.flO 


t.m 


IMJ 


1.70 


\.n 


LTD 


,m 


.HO i LWJ 


?.(» 


LflO 


1.70 


Lft! 


1-flJ 


.m 


.HO 1 \M 


i^(K} 


L76 


L70 


LOS 


Lff» 


,m 


.80 1 1.90 


S.OO l,7fi 


1.70 


IM 


LW 


,m 


.m 


1.00 


s.oo 


LTO 


Leo 


Lffi 


l.li 


.m 


.80 


1.90 


s.ot> 


115 


LSO 


Lse 


\M 


,m 


.80 


1.90 


K.OO 


LIB 


1.80 


LOS 


1.« 


M 




Leo 


«.au 




i« 




L« 



tWLL.] INTEBIOK BASIN. 

Rating table far Truckee River at Tahoe, (7a/., /or 190f, 



117 



l^t. 


Dinchar^. 


h^^t. 


Discharge. 


&i. 


Diflcharfre. 
Second-feet: 


h^fiSt. 
Feet. 


Dlflchargre. 


Feet. 


8ee€nd-feet. 


FW?t. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


0.0 


25 


0.7 


85 


1.4 


225 


2.1 


445 


.1 


30 


.8 


100 


1.5 


251 


2.2 


486 


.2 


36 


.9 


117 


1.6 


279 1 


2.3 


531 


.3 


43 1 


1.0 


136 


1.7 


308 


2.4 


580 


.4 


51 


1.1. 


156 


1.8 


339 






.5 


61 


1.2 


178 


1.9 


372 






.6 


72 


1.3 


201 


2.0 


407 1 

1 







Estimated monthly discharge of Truckee River at Tahoe, CaL 
[Drainage area, 519 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

anuary 

ebrnary . 

Arch 

pril 

ay --- 

me 

Jy '- 

ignst 

ptember 

tober - - 

rvember 

cember 

The year 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximum. 



146 
126 
100 
51 
117 
100 
372 
44^ 
407 
339 
407 
407 



445 



Minimum. 



100 
25 
43 

47 
47 
40 
100 
372 
324 
308 
308 
293 



Mean. 



125 

73 

52 

48 

97 

95 

204 

406 

350 

324 

346 

326 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



25 



204 



7,686 

4,054 

3,197 

2,856 

5,964 

5,653 

12,543 

24,964 

20,826 

19,922 

20,588 

20,045 



148, 298 



Ran-o£F. 



Second-feet 

per souare 

mile. 



0.24 
.14 
.10 
.10 
.19 
.18 
.39 
.78 
.67 
.62 
.67 
.63 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.28 
.15 
.12 
.11 
.22 
.20 
.45 
.90 
.75 
.71 
.75 
.73 



5.37 



TRUCKEE RIVER AT VISTA, NEV. 

The station at Vista, Nev., was established August 18, 1899, by 
H. Taylor, and is located 7 miles east of Reno. On November 12, 
02, a new gage was installed by E. C. Murphy. It consists of a ver- 
tal 4 by 4 inch timber spiked to a willow tree. It is on the left bank 
the river, 150 feet above the new railroad bridge. The zeros of the 
1 and new gages coincide. The bench mark conaifttA ot t^o «^\kft«» 
'ven Into the root of the wiJIow tree to which the %^^ Vh «AX»idtife^. 



118 



8TEEAM MTCASItBElTENTS ITT 1902, TAKT IT* 



The f^levation of the bench mark is 6.9^ feet abo^^i the aerci of ^ 
gage. Tho cable was moved to a point about a quarter of a mil© lie 
the olU statiou. The left bank is low and subject t-o overflow at ex^T 
high water. The Ix^d is rf>eky and not BtibjtKjt to cihangfj. 

The following discharge measurement*! were made during 1^^ 
C. V. Taylor: 

April 9i Gag«^ heijfht. 5.04 feet; disoharffe, ItCTSaecood-feet, 
M^y 1*; O&ge height. 5.70 feet; discharge, 3,S1& second -feet, 

Daitp gage heighi, infeei^ of Trtickee Eiiwr at VtMta^ Nev* 



D»y, 



lfl». 



J&n. 



|£: 



18.. 
It. 
15. 

IT.. 
IS.. 

m.. 



IT, 
IS. 



8.0) 
£.55 

a&o 
%m 
&m 
E.m 
a. 80 

I'm 
iLm 
%m 

%m 

£.(» 
X.flO 

2.m 

a. 70 
a. 60 

£.00 

s.eo 

S.flG 

S.flU 
£,70 
LOO 
£.00 

s.ao 

LOO 



Feb. 



£,&» 

it. 70 
a. 20 

tm 
rm 

e.00 

100 

£.eo 
i:o 

4.U0 
4.00 

100 
ISO 

1^ 
a so 

101) 
130 
150 
IfiO 
100 
ISA 



Mof. 



140 
IHO 

1^ 
la) 

110 
105 

1^ 

lOU 
1»5 
180 



Apr. 



1.00 

4.00 
4,i5 
4.00 

4.ef» 

7.00 
7.00 

fi.OU 
5.00 
5.40 
100 
6.r3 

lis 

177 



leO 16.77 

».»5 &.7iJ 



2.W 

18fi 
IHO 
INO 
ISTj 
ISO 
1«0 
1!MJ 

Ido 
a. Oil 

8.40 ! 
ITTI I 



177 
5.77 
4.7H 
4.TW 

4.75 
4.7£ 
4,71 
4.10 
i. 10 
4.SfJ 
4. HO 



M»r 



Jnnfl. 



Id) 
i.oo 

H,W 
lOD 
IW 
4.r^J 

rj,70 
5.70 
5.40 
&.«) 
5.70 
5.60 
130 
100 
4.70 
4.60 
4.70 
4.00 
4.9) 
4. 10 

4.ai 

4. Ml 

i.m 

jVSO 
5,00 
.>.40 
u.^l 



4.60 

4,ao 

4.or> 

4.00 

i,m 

4.00 

4.ao 

4.50 
4,70 
4, Ml 
4.80 
4.41 
4.40 
4.40 

ito 

180 
170 
170 
IflO 
170 
3.40 
140 
140 
».40 
140 
130 
ISO 
5J. m 
2M\ 



July. 



100 

1T^^ 
i«o 

£.00 
a. 70 
lOfl 
^ tK) 
IK) 

1JV» 

ISO 
140 
¥, Hi 
ia> 
190 

2. :40 



Atw 





130 


leo 


100 


L'.TO 


1011 



100 

2.m 

110 
140 
140 
Z'M 

tao 

110 
110 
t 10 
130 
130 
140 

i.m 
t.m 

150 
100 
150 

lot) 

100 
ISO 

100 
100 
150 
S.fiO 
100 
170 
170 

iw 



Sept. 



1^ 

IPO 
1011 

I 110 

I ±m 
\ ino 

110 
180 

ISO 
170 
190 

ISO 
170 
ISO 
170 



170 
100 

leo 

1711 
170 

a. 70 

170 
170 
170 
170 
170 
170 
170 
100 



Oct. 



190 


..„ 


IHO 


.... 


la) 


„.. 


170 


._.. 


leo 


^... 


100 


.... 


140 


.... 


140 


.... 


140 


,,.. 


140 


.... 


139 


*..- 


13D 


.... 


lao 


„.. 


lao 


.... 


<■) 





«No record July 16 to 26 and November 80 to December 31. 



V"^] INTEMOB BASIN. 

Rating table for Truckee River at Vista, Nev,,for 1902. 



119 



f/*t. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gaffe 
height. 


Discharge. 


^eee 


Seocmd-fe*t. 


1 

Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. \ 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


S-0 


110 


3.4 


778 


4.8 


1,601 ' 


6.2 


2,780 


2. 5 


185 


3.6 


882 


5.0 


1,733 ' 


6.4 


3,079 


;' ^« 4 ; 274 


3.8 


995 


5.2 


1,871 


6.6 


3,438 


' ^- ^ 370 


4.0 


1,110 


5.4 


2,015 


*6.8 


3,857 


^.8 


467 


4.2 


1,227 


5.6 


2,168 


7.0 


4,336 


^^0 


566 


4.4 


1,348 


1 5.8 


2,338 






^.2 


668 


4.6 

1 


1,473 


1 6.0 


2,537 







Estimated monthly discharge of Truckee River at Vista, Nev. 
[Drainage area, 1,519 square miles.] 



Month. 



J&^i 



1902. 



^Hary . 



Maitjh 

April ._ 

^y 

June - - - 

July - 

August 

September 

October 

November 1 to J 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximum. , Minimum. 



467 

1,110 

938 

4,336 

2,250 

1,666 

418 

467 

617 

617 

1,110 



370 
467 
1,110 
995 
370 
185 
146 
370 I 
370 I 
566 I 



feet. 



Mean. 


Total in 
acre-feet. 


389 


23,919 


598 


33,211 


589 


36,216 


1,922 


114,367 


1,610 


98,995 


1,056 


62,836 


292 


17,954 


311 


19, 123 


443 


26,360 


485 


29,821 


782 


44,981 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 

per square 

mile. 


Depth in 
inches. 


0.256 


0.30 


.393 


.41 


.388 


.45 


1.265 


1.42 


1.060 


1.22 


.695 


.78 


.192 


.22 


.205 


.24 


.292 


.33 


.319 


.87 


.515 


.56 



TRUCKEE RIVER AT NEVADA-CALIFORNIA STATE LINE, NEAR MYSTIC, 

CAL. 

The gaging station on this river was established by L. II. Taylor 
September 7, 1S99, at the State line, 17 miles west of Reno, Nev. The 
old gage was vertical, driven into the bed of the river, and wired 
to a granite bowlder. A new ga^e was esta])lished by E. C. Murphy 
November 11, 1902. It is a 4 by 4 inch timber in two parts and is 
located on the right bank 400 feet below the old gage. The lower 
section of the gage is inclined ; the upper part is vertical. The zeros 
of the old and new gages coincide. The bench mark consists of two 
spikes driven into the root of the cottonwood tree to which the ver- 




Feet. 


Second-feet. 




Feet. 


Secmul/eet. 


.... 


Second-feet. 


1.4 


268 ! 


2.6 


795 


3.8 


1,683 


1.6 


319 


2.8 


924 


4.0 


1,870 


1.8 


383 


3.0 


1,055 


4.2 


2,069 


2.0 


463 


3.2 


1,194 


4.4 


2,280 ' 


Z^ J 




3,4 


1,345 


1 " 


2,ri0r) 


"/ 


3.6 

i 


1,508 


\ "iri^h 



Feet. 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 



Second-fe^ " 



3,0012 
3,283 
3,59^ 
3,95^ 
4,370 



\\ 



INTEBIOB BASnr. 



121 



idimated monthiy discharge of Truckee River at Nevada-California State line 

near Mystic, CaL 

[Dmhukge area, 9&5 tiquare miles.] 



Montb. 



1902. 

January 

Febrnary ... 

March 

April 

May 

June 

Jnly 

Angnst 

September .. 

October 

Korember . . 
I>ecember.-. 



The year. 



Discharge in neoond-feet. 



Run-off. 



Maximum. 



421 

1,194 

671 

3,596 

2,746 

1,968 

1,055 

559 

559 

559 

732 

671 



8,596 



Minimum. 



268 
268 
292 
509 
1,194 
732 
849 
883 
421 
383 
292 
383 



268 



Mean. 



Total in acre- 
feet. Second-feet 
I i)er SQuare 
mile. 



506 j 

402 ; 

1,656 1 

1,927 I 

1,358 j 

501 j 

506 I 

482 I 

450 I 

416 ' 

482 

751 



19,799 
28,102 
24,718 
98, 539 
118,487 
80,807 
30, 805 
31,113 
28,681 
27,669 I 
24,754 
29,637 



Depth in 
inc^hee. 



543,111 



0.337 
.530 
.421 
1.734 
2.018 
1.422 I 
.525 I 
.530 : 
.505 j 
.471 I 
.436 I 
.505 j 

.786 ! 



0.39 

.55 

.49 

1.93 

2.38 

1.59 

.61 

.61 

.56 

.54 

.49 

.58 

10.67 



'^^BPENDENCE CREEK BELOW INDEPENDENCE LAKE, NEAR OVERTON, 

CAL. 

This station was established October 24, 1902, by E. C. Mui-phy. It 
^ located about one-eighth of a mile below the dam at the end of 
'^^dependence Lake, California. The ^age is a vertical staff gradu- 
ated to feet and tenths and is located about 200 feet upstream from 
•lie cable and car from which the measurements are made. The gage 
^ read twice daily by James McNutt. The channel is straight both 
tlx)ve and below the station. The banks are low, but not subject to 
Overflow. The bed of the stream is permanent, Ixniig composed of 
gravel and clay. The bench mark is three nails driven in the root 
Df a pine tree 55 feet northwest of the gage. Its elevation is 5.82 feet 
above the zero of the gage. 



STBEAIf MEASUBZMFITTS TIT 1(>02, FABT IV, 



The following discharge measurement waa ftiado by K* CI Marphy 
ill VJ02: 

f>t<jber*34; Ga*re hei^yht. L*^3 f«?et; disfhwrgt*, 0*27 *»(H3on<l-f (lot 

Iktitfi gage height, in /erf, of IntieiM'^idciu**' Vr^k beiom Iml^miidejt^ Lsukt* m 



D*iy, 


Del 


Xi>r. 


DfB. 


Dn 


Oni. 


Hifr. 


im. 


thj. 


Oct 




Pte 


mm. 




hm e.so 

LS^ . IS, (II 
Lisa . L<X& 
Lsai 1.00 

LIH LttO 

Leai Lao 
Lsn 1 hm 

L18 jLflO 

Lea ' LMi 






L?3 


L» 
LH) 
1 «f 1 


B8L*.** 


1 
L«' 
L98 

tm 


li 


*. ..-.-. 




!H.,„ , 




M 


Ltt 

i.es 

LIS 
LS! 
L23 

Laa 


IB 


§,__ 




14. „„ 




m . 


1A 


4 *,^„.. 




m 




f«) 1 Lao^ 
Ly» 1 Lnn| 
t.m Lmi 

LVKt , L50 , 
LUrt LAI . 
L«H IM 
l.tH , LfiO 
l.«0 1.4111 


IM 


«. ., 


....« 


l(l_„„, ,.^ 






LB 


17. „, 




1% 


!»_ 




n * ..* - 


1 A 


;:;.: 


19 




arj/„ „_,_„„ 


LW L«l 


iO_„. .„ 




ai.... 


. ' L» 


ai._.„. 










«e„.., , 






^^ 



















t 



PROSJ4EH CBEEK NEAR BOCA, CAU | 

This citation was esUvbUshed Octobtir 33, 100:% by E. C. Murphy- 
It 18 located about 5W fi?et below the dam of the Proeser Creek loe 
Company. It is about one-eiglith of a mile above the mouth of ili« 
creek, at the fiJoMjridjiji^ between two ie<* htmst^s. The pv^e is a ver- 
tical staff graduated to feet and tenths and located about 10 feet 
below the bridge. It is read twice daily by C. Lindsley. The chan- 
nel is straight both above and below the station. The banks are hig^b. 
The bed of the stream is permanent and is composed of sandy gravel 
and stone. The bench mark is a spike driven into the timber to 
which the gage is fastened. Its elevation is 6.0 feet above the zero 
of the gage. 

The following discharge measurement was made in 1902 l^ E. C. 
Murphy : 

October 23: Gage height, 0.85 foot; discharge, 21 second-feet. 
Daily gage height, in feet, of Prosser Creek near Boca, Cal. 



Day. 


Dot. 


Ifot'* 


D*. 


Day. 


0<jt. 


Nov. 

(hm 


Dae. 
n.ftn 


Day. 


Oct. 

man 

.HO 


Nor. 

.m 

.Tfi 


Ow. 


muL 

!_„,„ 




.so 

.m 

.80 

LC5 

LOO 


M 
LUfi 
LIO 

Lao 




SI ,,.„ 

24 - 


a45 


S ..-.- 




18 




.»5 1 .70 


.fi 


1, 




14 




^ 


49 


4^ *- . ,. 




IS 




.00 


M 
.Tft 


2D 


% 


6,.,.,........ 




16*.,- . 




»T 


M 


(,, .,.. 




ir 




s».„ 


.as 


T.,_ 


ift 




.45 


a. 




19. „ 




30.. 


.40 


f 




m , 




!Jl 


,45 


xo 




n. ..—...,.. 










11. 


.„-„ 


«s_. , - - 













INTEBIOB BASIN. 



128 



DONNER CRBEK NEAR TRUCKEE. CAL. 



This station was established October 23, 1902, by E. C. Murphy. 
It is located about li miles west of Truckee, Cal., near the dam of 
the Donner C'reek Ice Company. The gage is a vertical staff gradu- 
ated to feet and tenths, located about 50 feet upstream from the cable 
from which measurements are taken. The gage is read twice daily b}' 
F. R. Williams. The channel is straight both above and below the 
station. The banks of the stream are high. The bed of the stream 
is permanent, being composed of gravel. The bench mark consists 
of four nails driven in the root of a pine tree 35 feet north of the 
gage. The elevation is 6.3 feet above the zero of the gage. 

The following discharge measurement was made in 1902 by E. C. 
Marphy: 

October 23: Gage height, 1.80 feet; discharge, 3.2 second-feet. 
Daily gage height, in feet, of Doiiner Creek near Truckee, Cal. 



D»r. 


Oct. 


IToT. Deo. 

1 


D.r. 


Oct. 


Nov. 

XM 
1.8ft 

%.m 
ti» 

Lff> 

IM 
1.90 


Bee. 


D»3r. 


Oct. 

I. no 


Nirt', 


Dw. 


IWBl 

\ 




i.eo 

EOS 


1.8D 

LOO 

l.W 


laoc 

IS... . 




tie 

1.00 


lUU^. 


IM^ 1 na 


»... _ 




13 




24 

2& 


LflO 

LOO 

1.90 
l.W) 
l.M 
1.80 


LiK 


1..., 


14 — .. 




1.90 


1 




15 




m 


\.m 


1-.. . . 


Ifl 




m .-,-- 


1.8D 


1..-, 


17 -. ...... 




L7B 


r.... 




18 




^ 


1 811 


«.,„ 




1* 




30.... 


t^m 


n,... 


ft} 




Bl 


t 8& 


ia.. 





Zi 








U-. 


28, „„, 






^ 











SUSAN RIVER NEAR SUSANVILLE, CAL. 

The gaging station is about three-fourths of a mile southwest of the 
town, at the electric-light plant. It was established June 3, 1900, by 
L H. Taylor, a temporary gage being placed at the right bank of the 
river. The station is designed to be equipped with a cable and sus- 
pended car from which to make measurements of the discharge. The 
channel is straight for a distance above and below the station and the 
banks are high. The stream bed is of gravel and cobbles and is 
rather stable. The observer is James Branham. 

A short distance above the station a small irrigating ditch, known 
lis the Hasten ditch, is taken out on the right bank of the stream. 
Near its head is a flume in which a gage has been placed and meas- 
urements are made. 



184 STBlCAlt MBABtmBMEWTS TN IMS, FART XT. \mM 1 


^L Dailff gage heigh 


/, m fect^ of Susan Riit&r neur SintamHlie^ Colt 




1 ■"■ 


Ja^ 


Teh. 


Itol*. 


Apr. 


M*f. 


Jmtie. 


July. 

leo 


Ab». 


B*iit. 


CkJt. 




Due. 


l.-..-__... 


t,m 


*.4t* 


am 


am 


i,4a 


il« 


t.flO 


LIS 


l.» 


t» 


' ^f F"***"ttT--"-^-C'*^nr-^-^ 


t.m 


14/i 


ilTTJ 


IW 


4.40 


avi 


ifli 


LW 


LTB 


iL«ft 


am 


lii 


fl^-.,.- ™ 


Si. 40 


^m 


aro 


».rir» 


4.W 


&«& 


i«a 


Lie 


LT5 


LIU 


aio 


«0 


"^^* I-*-!'*' •' « fl •«« •*•*-* *-- •"'- 


1. 41) 


1» 


ittt 


3.% 1 4. »i 1 a. Tft 


iw* 


L« 


Lm 


L90 


IIB 


tfS 


D^.^. ^' - -'i,^r«^ii-*t**.i!««* 


±m 


SJKV 


a, on 


4JK ; 4.«J 


a65 


IW 


Lflft 


Lift 


2.m 


a 15 


&» 


a _ 






'A.m 


4113 


4 4A 

4.e& 


a aft 


a TO 
aw 




l.Tti 
1.70 




am 
afl) 


a4» 




6*« 








4.TH 1 ».4il 

4,75 i'a4je 


aao 
aapt 


i.m 


t,:ti 

L^ 


a ft) 


?t fi) 


t: 


4. 


ago 1 lio 


!»-.- •-.•....^..,. 


t.0 


aso 


i» 


4.m 


iM 


140 


a» 


1.00 


LTD 


aao , affi 


a«& 


!!;„«......«.„«—»„ 


xm 


am 


&« 


i.m 


4,m 


lie 


a» 


i Ml 


L70 a» 1 f 41) 


s.aa 


( 11— "— ««i-F-rt-r-— ^- 


%m 


a.fio 


3.40 


i.m 


4.«5 


lao 


aao 


hm 


L7W LBfi ail) 


aw 


«, ^.-..,„, 


£.10 

140 

£.40 
14U 


101 
a JO 

4 JO 

i»i 

4.40 

4.in 

4A(t 


«,T5 


4,7^ 4JMI 

*.eo 4.aft 

5.(14 4.4N 
5,10 4.40 


14^ 

iftfi 

10» 

:i40 
ana 


asio 
a«n 
as 

ISO 


t,MO 

I.m 


LIO 
LTii 

Lm 

MS 
LTS 
1 TO 


Lw a« 
hm a so 
Lftfi ! ast 
LtiG a»s 


aoD 


14„..„_ -„-..„.... 


11^ 


H , 


tsi 


M.„-,..,.., „ 


asD 


IT.- ,„...,„.,,.,. 


tiO 1 l.UU 

iM i.m 

LUG l.»0 


a 411 


1B..,„.„..,.^...... 


fi.BO 


4. Has 
4,:t2 


L1I5 

ari) 


14S 
K.40 




ttk...-.,.,.., 


^att 


I&, J 


31 «] 
S,4a 


4.1/1 






4. at 

4J» 


a an 




LTO 
LHO 


100 

auo 


140 

ai£i 


130 


M- r*.. ....•« M^r**--* --»•■» 


1« 


•-**--. . 


IE, HI 
141) 


4JIJ 
IW 

4,a> 


am 


4JV> 




a or 
aril 


i.un 




L«l 
LA 
LtTi 


110 

aiA 
aiA 


a^ 
aao 
aai 


>L40 


||[_ ^ 


f4S 


«.._„,,.'„ r™.„.^ 


t.m 


^ 4irT%ii. *«.«.. - - 


S£ 4D 


i 141 




4.uri 

4. so 


M.1D 
3,flg 
4.05 


iw 

2. ill 


1.1W 
LOO 
LUO 


urn 

LWII 


L80 


lau 

a0i 
aaj 


116 
lao 




ft. „„..,...„„-.., 


f.4t> ' S,f(l| 
S,IO 1 4.10 


fi.*B 


w- - -^ - 


4,T5 


iiL ,„... 


?.I0 1 8.00 


a.4fl 


4.«? 


4.08 


ISA! 


LOO 


L7» 


1.90 


asD 


a a) 


4,^ 


»..„,,„. 


14U 1 „„. 


».») 


4.4A 


4.(1^ 


aw 


LW 


LIR 


].ao 


aif> 


*ai 


4.4S 


m...... ,.,„_..„,. 


140 - 




4.j]0 


4.or> 

4.05 


a«> 


LW 
1.90 


LTfi 


t.BOi 


a 15 

110 


2.30 


4-:P* 


SI - 


140 




!»& 



Miscellaneous measurenients in Interior Basin. 
HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN. 



Date. 



1902. 

Apr. 28. 

22. 

July 23. 

Apr. 22. 

July 22. 
Apr. 28. 
23. 
July 22- 
Apr. 23. 
July 23. 



Hydro^apher. 



O.V.Taylor. 

do 

D.W.Hays . 

C. V. Taylor. 

D. W. Hays . 
C.V.Taylor. 

....do 

D.W.Hays . 
C. V. Taylor. 
D.W.Hays .. 



Stream. 



Humboldt River 

Irish American ditch . 

do 

Southwest ditch 



.do. 



South Riverside ditch . 

Bodg^rs ditch 

do 

Union c 
do. 



Ix>cality. 



Below Pitt dam, Nev 

Near hoad-ifates, Nev ' 

do I 

Wagon bridge south of rail- | 
road, Nev. | 

At Railroad bridge, Nev ' 

At head-gates, Nev I 

Flume across river | 

do .....i 

Box near head ' 

....do I 



Dis- 
charge. 



Sec-feet 
151.0 
34.7 
28.3 
30.3 

24.7 
6.4 
48.4 
4L7 
230 
28.3 



nrrEBioB basiit. 



MiscdlaneouB measurements in Interior Basin — Ckmtinned. 
WALKEB RIVEB BASIN. 



125 



Date. I Hydrographer. 

I 



Aug. «-.| 
htym..\ 
Aug. 7.. 
Sept. 83.. I 
Oct 4-! 
July 24. 

Sept. 3. 
jQlyS. 

Sept. 10. 



Aug. 21. 
Oct ft. 
Aug. 21. 
Oct 4. 

7. 
7. 



Jnly 28.. 

Aug. 27.. 

Oct. 6.. 
Aiig.28.. 



31. 
Sept 6. 
July 23. 
8eptll. 



July 23. 
23. 

23. 



D.W.Hrts .. 
L.H. Taylor . 
D.W.BmjB .. 

....do 

....do 

L.H.T*ylor . 



D.W.Hays .. 
L.H. Taylor . 



D.W.Hays . 



D. W. Hays . 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 

....do 



.do. 
.do. 



L.H. Taylor . 
D.W.Hays.. 



.do. 
.do. 



....do 

....do 

L.H. Taylor 
D. W. Hays . . 



L. H.Taylor . 
....do 



.do. 



Stream. 



Weat Fork and iributariet. 

West Walker River 

do 

...J.do 

do 

do 

do 



.do. 
.do. 



Tunnel ditch . 



EoBt Walker and tribu- 
taries. 



Robinson Creek . 

.....do..., 

Bnckeye Creek . . 

do 

Somers Creek . . . 
Qreen Creek 



Dogtown Creek . 
Swanger Creek.. 



East Walker Biver. 
....do 



..-.do 

Sweetwater Creek 

East Walker River. 

do 

....do 

Walker River 



Ditches from Walker River. 

Meritt ditch 

Mason Slough 



Slough - 



LocaUty. 



Dis- 
charge. 



Connty bridge, Cal . 
Hoys Bridge, Nev. . 

....do 

do 

....do 



Lower end SmithH Valley, 
Nev. 

...do 



Wilsons Ford, head of Ma- 
son Valley, Nev. 

Prom West Walker, Mason 
Valley, Nev. 



Below Twin Lakes, Cal 

do 

Above all diversion, Cal 

do 

do 

Above all diversion above 
Standard dam. 

Above all diversion, Cal 

At bridge below Huntoon 
ranchfCal. 

10 miles below Bridgeport, 
Cal. 

5 miles below Bridgeport, 
Cal. 



.do. 



East Walker River toll-road 
crossing, Nev. 

Webster's ranch, Nev 

....do 

Strosnider's ranch, Nev 

Nordyke, Nev 



I Sec.'feet. 
> 222.0 
225.0 
I 72.0 

a8.0 
44.0 
180.0 

21.0 
113.0 

7.4 



75.7 
24.0 
43.2 
20.0 
4.2 
7.1 

7.1 
5.7 

196.0 

80.0 

58.0 



66.0 
42.0 
106.0 
14.0 



Mason Valley, Nev 

Hoadgates, Mason Valley, 
Nev. 

At Mason's house, Nev 



11.9 
63.8 



7.3 



CARSON RIVER BASIN. 



19rtt. 
Aug. 6. 



Sept. 9.. 



Aug. 
Sept. 
Aug. 



C.V.Taylor 



..do 



Trifmtarii's of East Fork. I 

Indian Creek | At head Cohn and Harvey 

I ditch, Cal. 

Hawkins (Troek 



i mile abovt* 
hou»>i, Cal. 



Hawkins'H 



L.L.Richard do do 

C. V. Taylor Peternons Creek ! Near old sawmill. Cal 

L.L.Richard do | Alx)ve Cohn's meadow 

C. V. Taylor | Long Valley (^reek i Diamond Valley, Cal . . 

.... do 



.do. 



..do I Above Springmey«r 's 

j ranch, Nev. 

-do '.Dam ^te ot 'Lotvii; \»J^^^ 



0.72 

1.18 

1.10 
1.27 
.41 
4.12 
2.48 



126 



b 



STRKAM HKASITREMENTS IN 1902, I'ART IV. 

Misceituneouj* Ttutattnrefneiitit in Jnitrittr Btuin—0(mUuxuid. 
CARSON RIVER BASIH— Contlliiial. 



iw^ 



thilfl, By^lro^^xvpher. 


Btnwm. 


UnmXLW^ 


chu; 


ma. 


aT.T»yki(r_ 

L.L,Siclwrd 

C.V^Tnylfjr 

L,L.Rlob«r4..... 

CTTkylor...,,*. 

do 




.....do„ ,..^, 


fitar,; 


Btspi, 0. 


do „„,„ 




Aitt' ^' 


Ffttrrlww CtmIc ....,, 

...do, ..„„..,. 


Moaih of fsnymi, Ncnr .._...> 
do .,. 




4.. 


Fiprlng .......r... ,...-- 


f mn& novth of Heitmatt'a 
Kear B«itiiiaa'Rlioiue3«T- 

.....6^ ....; 

fioathof Hfilimatt'8 hotue, 
Nev, 




.....dt» , 




AUff. 4.- 


L.L.BkhAM 

f?.V-Taykir_ .. 

L.L.mchArd 

C.V.TkjIor 


.....do „„,,,„ ,,.,., 

dfi ^ . . 




...do,.,,. .„.. 




At%. 4 


do............ „...,.„ 


fiuitiiuuLBs Not 






L,L. Richard 

C.V^r^ylor.. 

L.L.Rioljarrt...., 

.,-..do ..,,.. 

C* V.Taylor....... 

L.L.ai«hBrd 

av.TftyUir ,. 

L.L.HIcthiirrl ., 
. ...do. 


dfi .„.„., 


do 




Am* *' 


BSherldAnCMak 

do .,..__,_,_ 

.-„,dCl „„.,.... „„„„..„ 


i mile from rond,NeT..,,.., 

Month of f*4iiiyoti,HoT -.,„- 

AtjfTVO */ld h«M|!K\ N«T ^._ 

^ oiik' Abov^ Bhf^r1daTi.,N«T, 
Kiur oldboxuiL\N«<T .... , 




dfi 




I**rfcaCr«k....... „ ^ 


In i-ATiynn^ W^** 




|b£ ji 


do, . ... 


Mcntth imnyon^NeiT ___ 

,„.,do. 




r^ * 


If uit« Creek . , 




r**" 




,....do. ....,„ 

IClDgJihnry Cre&k ........ ,. 


k lAlle ftboret month canyon. 
In caiayon, Hct . . 




» 8*1* ?,. 
Aiv. 3,. 
Bept r. 

Bept. T.. 


L.L,Bicl3*nl..... 

CV.TayI<ir....... 

L.L.Richard 

C.V.Taylor....... 

LX.Rir^toard 

aV.TmyloT 

L.L. Richard 

C,T, Taylor 

L.L.Elnbard 

C T.Taylor,,,... 
LL.Rkhard..... 

CVh Taylor 

LX. Richard ' 


do „. 

0«^oa Creok. ....„„ ^.„„ 

do 

Drenler Creek „.... 

.....do ..„ 

Jamfv CAXiyon Creek, 

.,. .do ___ 

Jac^lca ViiU«y Crepk ........ 

do „,.. 

P^roUa ditch .... 


Brfdgi'< tfchovtr old ralU, Ner^- 
AboYf»aIl diTendoiiA^NeT^.. 
Mouth of canyon, Npt. ,,,.,_ 

.....do ,_„ .......,^ 




Aqg-. tl . 


,,...rto . 




A^. a.. 

Sept. T.. 
Auk S 


Balow Gk<noa road, N#t_ 

Mouth of ci^nyou. Kf*T ..,.„ 

A bore Qeniia nwl^N«r . 

PedroliB.NeT _ 




a©pt.ti„ 

Auk. :f 


do 

Clear Creek ,.,....... 


...,,do . .„ 

.....do 




Sopt.ll„ 

T 


do ... 


Above k?wer ditch, Nt?v. 

RobinsoUH Bcix Nor 




G.T, Taylor,,...., 
do 


£liigii CKoy on Grevk ...... 

... do 




T 


do.. 

L.L.Ritshard 

.do 


. ...do.. . 


ilouth of ci^oyon* Nev ...... 

.....do...... . . ,. 




Bapt A 


do 




H 


do, 


..„,do .,. ... . 




An* 10„ 


O.y. Taylor...... 

do 


...d» ::i 


.,._do 




Ash canyon Ci***k ..„,... 
do * 


t mile ilIvivp mouth ea.nyon« 
Sfer. 

Mouth iimyontNov .._,,,.„ 

.. ..do 




11 


L.L. Richard..... 
do 




... do 




T 


C/rnT^ylOT , 

. ,do 


Walah ditch 






Moldoon ditch 


He^ of dlt<^h. Not 




7 


do 


Water CXditeii _ . 


, do . .-.- 




ft.. 


.....do... 


Thorn ditrh . ... .,..:.. 


. :.. do ....._ 





wvttul STBEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. 127 



8AN FRANCISCO BAY BRAINAGE BASIN. 

Sacramento River, rising in northern California and flowing south, 
tod the San Joaquin, rising in the southern sierras and flowing north- 
east, drain the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, traverse what is 
often called the Valley of California, and meet near Suisun Bay, finally 
discharging their waters into the Pacific Ocean through San Francisco 
Bay. 

Sacramento River derives its water supply largely from Mount 
Shasta and the surrounding high ranges in the extreme northern 
portion of California. The stream does not have the same regular 
annual fluctuations that characterize the rivers discharging from the 
higher Sierra Nevada, in that a large part of its basin is not at an ele- 
vation sufficient to cause the winter snows to remain unmelted until 
the summer months. The greatest floods of this basin usually occur 
in January and February, when the snow is accompanied or followed 
by rain. 

San Joaquin River is divided into two distinct parts. The valley 
portion forms the central drainage line of San Joaquin Valley, and dur- 
•ingthe spring is navigable for a hundred or more miles. The Stanis- 
laus, Tuolumne, and King rivers are the largest affluents of this por- 
tion of the stream. Its valley is fertile and almost destitute of timber. 
The mountainous portion of the stream drains the western slopes of 
the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Mount God- 
dard, the crest of its divide reaching an elevation on the north, in 
Mount Lyell, of 13,000 feet, and an elevation of 14,000 feet in Mount 
Goddard. The resulting steep grades of this river offer exceptional 
opportunities for water-power developments, and the high elevations 
of the basin insure a well-sustained summer flow from perpetual snow 



The following streams are tributary to either the Sacramento or 
San Joaquin rivers : 

Cache Creek is the outlet of Clear Lake, in Lake County, Cal. 
Flowing southeasterly, its flood waters find their way into Sacramento 
River between the mouths of Feather and American rivers. In 1889 
Clear Lake was segregated as a reservoir site, as described in the 
Thirteenth Annual Report, Part HI, pages 405-409. During 1900 
a hydrographic examination of the entire basin of Cache Creek was 
made by A. E. Chandler, whose detailed report has been published 
as Water-Supply Paper No. 45. 

Feather River is the second largest tributary of Sacramento River, 
Pit River being the first. Its basin line follows the crest of the 
Sierra Nevada for about 130 miles. The rainfall in this basin is 
large; the mean for nineteen years at Mumfords Hill, Plumas County, 
is 71.64 inches; the rainfall for the year 1889-90 at this point reached 
138.85 iDcbes. The wnt^r collected by the river w\\eii T«m& wc^ ^<^m- 



128 STREAM MEABCEEMEKTS IN 11102, PAET IV. [wk« 

eral sometluies ottUBes treraetnlous freshet**, iisaally f>f nhort duration 
The river lias at snch times ovortapped its right Imnk and overflowei 
th e pi a 1 n la ndn to t h e n o rth wa n 1 o f S u tte r B uttres . T\ i is occ arred e v e i 
before the great red motion of wiit^rway below the mouth of Tub 
River, The channel of the river below it^ juoction with the Yiil>j 
has Ix^come tlie reposit^iry of so much mining debris that iLs bed ha 
beeome nearly tilled. Itf^ bottom inalmofitat the heights of its forme 
ImnkH. Levees have l>eeu built to prevent overflowing. There is i 
eomparatively small portion of the snmmer flow of this stream usee 
for irrigation, though thu possibilities of irrigation and x>ower develop 
riient an.^ grrat. 

There are .nome excellent rescirvolr sites on the upper tributaries ol 
the North Fork of the Feather. This stream is fed in part Ijy largi] 
springs, one of which in Big Meadows was flowing 100 cubic feet per 
second i n September, 1 0O2, and another G4 cnbic feet per second. 

Stony Creek drains 7*30 square miles of the eastern slopes of the 
Coast Unn^e. Aftin- reaching the Saerainenti) Valley it flows nortb 
for a nuiulicr of miles, contrary to the general drainage, and then 
turns east and enters Sacramento River helovf Yinfi, Cah A lAt^ge 
portion of the basin nc^ar the heftdB of the stream is heavily eoveriid 
with commercial timlier. There are a number of good reservoir sites 
on this stream and its tributaries^ 

Tuolumne Rivt^r rises un the western slope of the Sierra Nevada in 
Oalifornia and drains tbti country between Stanislaus River on the 
north and Merced River on the south. The northernhalf of Yosemite 
National Park includes a portion of the draniage basin of this stream* 
The river is fed largely from small mountain lakes occurring high in 
the drainage basin, where the snow remains on the mountain slopes 
throughout the year, thus insuring a large run-off. The stream has a 
heavy fall, and the opportunities for power development are numerous. 
There are also a number of reservoir sites in the basin where flood 
water could be stored for use during the irrigation season. The Tuo- 
lumne is an important tributary of the San Joaquin. 

Merced River above Merced Falls drains approximately 1,090 squan 
miles of the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada. There are includec 
in the eastern portion of its drainage area a large number of higl 
peaks, the highest. Mount Lyell^ reaching an elevation of 13,042 feet 
Its basin lies south of that of the Tuolumne, the courses of the tw( 
streams being nearly parallel. 

King River rises on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, ii 
Fresno County, Cal. The waters coming from the high catchmen 
basin are probably of greater value for irrigation purposes than thos< 
of any other stream in central California, being used for raising grape 
and deciduous fruits in the neighborhood of Fresno, Selma, and Han 
ford. The summer flow of the river is now entirely diverted, am 
during the dry season of the last few years U\^ sca\*e\V^' vit >wa.lier ha 



3WWKU.] SAN FBAN0I8CO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 129 

caused many hardships. In the spring there is a large surplus, due to 
the melting of snows, which, if stored in suitable i*eservoirs, would 
bring larger areas under cultivation. The river has a relat i vely gentle 
grade, affording little opportunity for power development. 

Tole River drains a portion of the western slope of the Sierra 
Nevada. Its basin has somewhat less run-off than that of Kaweah 
River, which joins it on the north, and is much less elevated and snow 
covered than the King River Basin. The water of this stream is all 
appropriated during the irngation season, and a i>ortion is used in 
irrigating valuable orange lands in the vicinity of Portersville, Cal. 

Kern River flows from the southern end of the Sierra Nevada, l)eing 
formed by two large tributaries, known as the North and South forks. 
These have a general southerly and parallel coui-se and unite a short 
distance below the town of Kernville. The run-off from the drainage 
basin as a whole is notably less than that from the catchment areas to 
the north. This is probably due to Ihe fact, that a portion of the basin 
is to the east of the high crest, and is sheltered by the mountain mass 
from the rain-bearing winds. The waters of Kern River are almost 
completely used for irrigation by the large canals in the southern end 
of the San Joaquin Valley. The greater part of the land is included 
in large holdings owned by the Kern County Land C'ompany or by the 
Miller and Lux estate. The wintc^r waters are in part stored by the 
Miller and Lux estate in Buena Vista Lake, into which the river 
naturally discharges. The waters of this lake are controlled by a sys- 
tem of levees, so that they c^n be used during the following summer 
to irrigate lands lying to the northwest. This lake is very broad and 
shallow and there is great loss by evaporation, so that as a matter of 
economy it would be desirable to hold this water in the upi)er moun- 
tain vallej'^s. This would afford also a large supply for water power. 

The fall of Kern River is sufficiently large for the development of a 
considerable amount of water power. 

The following is a list of the stations in the San Francisco Bay 
drainage basin : 

Cache Creek at Lower Lake, Cal. 

Feather River at Oroville, Cal. 

Stony Creek at Jnlians raiidi, near Fmto. Cal. 

Sacramento River at Jellys Ferry and at Iron Canyon, near Red Bhiff , Cal. 

Tuolumne River and Turl(x*k Canal at Lagrange, C'al. 

Merced River above Merced Falls, Cal. 

King River at B^ingsbnrg, Cal. 

King River at Red Mountain, near Sanger, Cal. 

Tule River near Portersville, Cal. 

Kem River near Bakersfield, Cal. 

San Joaquin River at Hemdon. Cal. 

IRR 85— 0:j D 



m 



STREAM !0:ABrREMKirW Iff tMS^ l^ABTT TV. 



CACHE CHEEK AT I.OWEB hAKM. CAL. 



tiM, 



1 



On aecoitnt of tho great Importance of Clear I^ake a^a z^tonig^ rener- 
¥ot7, a gaging sibatioii wits uit^tablishod at the wu^ofi bnelge acrtiss 
Cache Cret^k, one-half mile north of the to^vn of l.ower t.akts Jfmujitj 
^1^ 1901. The observer ig Mrw. J. H, ADiler»(iH, 

EvHpomtinn mein^ls have lieen kept at Lakeport on C]le«r Lak** 
#ineo F^hruary 1, lOOL The evaporation ])an U ^l feet R^pian^rnir! h5 
feet deeji niid in fltiat-od on a tiian^uUir raft anchort^d in a<*ove where 
lit is not exposed to the foil foi-ea of the wind. Evaporation olwjervft- 
jtionti were begun on the land at the same point Septeniber, Wh 
jCapt. D. 0. Rumsiey ie the observer. A table giving the evap^mtioo, 
I by nionthE, from February, IfKil, to Decembt^r 31, 11)0^, will Im^ fuimil 
in the following pages. 

Diicharge ptetMurmnenU uf Cache Oreek at Iji:na€r lAikt, Ctd, 



iMto. 



I January ***y . ....,„. ^- 

i Februttry 13 _ . . . ^ . . . 

■ March 3..,.^,.^-.,.^ ,^ 

'March 19.. .— ^^^^..,. 

April n .-_.----- - 

Apnl '21 ., 

MftyS 

Jfoylfi- 

Mayai... - -- 

Jnne 14 -__.,....,,-._.... 

July 13 

JulySe „„„.. 

Aogtiitft .,,,., -., 

Aiignst2!3. , \ ,-* 

Septeiuliet It . _ _ _ . 

£lept*^mber 20..._.. , 

October 4 . ^^^_ 

October 20 

Nov€*uil^r i . . 

November H* _. . , 

December Ifi _ * , 



Hydrt^^mpbur, 



J. R. Anderson..,. 
..„,dQ „.,....,.. 
^do _ 

„.-.do .- .„. 

ih> 

.,. Mo ,„ 

8. O. Bemi^'tt .,, 
J, H. AiidtTBon , _ , _ 
do 



... .do ,.....- 

.„,-do -- 

do..-.-.. 

. .--do 

..„,do .....--, 

_ .--do . 

...do ..._._, 

.,.-_dti 

...<,do .... 

do. -.-_-. 

._..do .. 

S. G. Bennett 



CJai 



r¥t. 



2.5 

7.7 
6.5 
5.9 
5p2 
4.5 
4.0 
3.6 
3.1 
^.8 
2.7 
2.5 
2.3 
2.2 
2.1 
2,0 
2.! 
2.8 
2.fl 



TO 

2fiO 

1J51 

1,39T 

l,3li 

1,043 
g53 
720 

345 

m 
m 

]m 

8S 
U8 
245 

300 






nwiLL} SAN FBANCISOO BAY DBAINAGE BASIN. 

Daily gage height, in feet, of Cache Cre^k at Lon^'r Lake, Cal, 



131 



Emy. 


j«ib. 


Tebu 


Uu. 


Apr. 


Magr. 


Jiow. 


Jidy. 


Att#^ 


1»K. 
1 , . . _ _ 


lis 

10 


1.6 
l.ft 




a. 5 

«.5 
6.5 


5.4 
5.9 
5.R 


4.0 
4.0 


a 3 
as 

as 


3.8 




3 7 


■"' ""■ " "'"* 


a 7 


1 


18 


l.T 


<L5 


6,5 


5.S 


3.9 


as 


a 7 




Lfl 


i.r 


flus 


6.5 


5.1 


3. ft 


a« 


a 7 




1.8 


1,1* 


7.»I T.n 


6.0 
5.1 


rf.8 
!*.8 


ag 
as 


4 7 


T_ „,.„... 


a7 


1_ ,___. 


1.6 


2.0 


8.0 fl.S 


5.1 


R.H 


a a 


ST 




Ifl 
1ft 


e.i 


8.0 8,8 

8.1 ' e,H 


.vo 

5.0 


3,8 
8,7 


as 
ai 


J! 7 


ML.....,., 


aw 


IL - ........ 


la 


a.« 


8.U 6.8 


4.!J 


a. 7 


ai 


afl 


«,....„-,.. .-.-..„. 


i.e 


%.i 


8.ft , 6,T 


i.7 


a.7 


a I 


afl 


lt_ . _ .,„ 


i.fl 


£.5 


8.0 


6.8 


4.7 
4.A 


3*. 7 


:ii i,fl 


li.._. ........... -- 


:il a.e 


«,.„„. 


1.6 


rfi 


r,tt 


6,5 


4.7 


S.8 


ai» ±e 


ll....,._.._.... 


l.ft 


£.e 


T.B 


6.5 


4.7 


ae 


ao ^,0 


U,.. 


Ifl 
l.fl 


»,7 


7.8 
7.7 


A.5 
6u5 


4.7 
4.0 


an 
as 


ai» ^0 


ll_ ,. __.,-,. 


ao a,5 


11.-. ....... 


16 
16 


£.7 


7.7 


6.5 


4.5 
4.5 


as 


au £.5 


*,.„..._........ 


art ir. 


a.,™......... ,,„„ 


l.fl 


a!J 


T.4 1 a.e 


4.4 


as 


at* 


a 5 


aL, , 


17 

If 
17 
18 
IT 
IjS 
LB 


3.1 

4.6 
i.i 


7.4 ! &ri 

7.5 ! 5.B 


4.fl 
4.3 
4.^ 

4.e 

4.1 
4.1 
4.1 


aB 
a& 
a4 
a 4 

a 4 
a 4 

aB 


ao 
an 
ae 

18 
2,8 

an 


:»ri 


%.. .. .,. , ......... 


aft 


«..^„.. 




5.« 


a 6 


s.._ , 


a 4 


a . .. . . , 


7.1 j 5.6 
7.0 1 5.7 

e,K ; 5.5 


a 4 


». 


a 4 


m ._ 


a 4 


a .. ,„„.„. 


16 




6.7 1 5.5 


4.1 


a a 


ao 


a 4 


aeL_._„ 


la 




A.8 I 5.4 


4.0 


a» 


a 8 


a 4 


31 _.......... 


1,6 




6.5 ...... 


4.0 




as 


a 4 







S«pC 



<»ct. , Ntrr. 



a 4 
a 4 
a4 
a 3 
ait 
a a 

a» 
a a 
an 
a» 
a 3 

a:i 

IH 

as 
a:> 

a» 
a£ 
as* 
a« 
a^ 
a^ 
as 
a» 
aa 
a£ 

ai 
ai 



ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 

an 
a 

ao 
ao 
ao 
ao 
ai 
a£ 
at 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 
ai 



ai 

a I 
ai 
ai 
ao 
ao 
ai 
aa 
at 
a» 
aw 
an 
an 
an 
an 
a 8 
aK 
an 

£8 

a** 
aM 
a 8 
a* 
ar 
a 7 
a: 



Dou. 



a 7 

a 7 
a 7 

a 7 
a 7 
a 7 
a 7 
a 7 
at 

2.H 

as 
a 8 
ao 
as 
as 
as 
a 8 
a 8 
as 
as 
as 
as 
as 
as 
as 
a 9 
a 9 
a 9 
a 9 
a 9 



Rnting table for Cache Creek at Lower Lake, CaL,for 190J. 



Gajre 
height. 

fWt. 
1.5 
1.6 
17 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
2.1 
2. 2 
2.8 
2.4 
2.5 



DiH<*hargre. 



Secfmd-feet . 

40 

52 ; 

64 ; 

78 I 
94 i 

110 ; 

130 
150 
175 
200 
225 



GaKo 
hoijcnt. 



Ftet. 
2.0 
2. 7 
2.8 
2.9 
WA) 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.S 
4.0 
4.2 



Diwhar^fo. 

Svrond'fvvt 

250 
280 
310 
340 
370 
430 
490 
550 
610 
670 
730 



Gafaro 
height. 



I 



Ff-rt. 

4.4 
4. 6 
4.8 
5.(> 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 



DiHcharjf**. i 

S<rolul-ft'rt. 

790 : 

850 : 

910 ; 

970 ; 

1 , 030 ! 
1.100 
1.170 
1 , 240 
1,310 

1380 ; 

: 1,450 I 



ftago 
heij?l 



3it. 



Fvet. 

6.6 

6.H 
7.0 
7.2 
7.4 
7.6 
7.8 
S.O 
8.2 



I 



Diftcharjfe. J 
Scnmd-O'vt. 

1,520 
1,590 
1.660 
1,730 
1,800 
1,870 
1,940 
2,010 
2,080 



\ 



1S2 feTRKAM MKA8UREMKNT8 IN imZ^ PAKT 


!v; 


1 


E»UnmM rnofithlff di^httiye 0/ Ca^ht^ Urmk at tjtywet 


lAtkt\ (*aL 


[DiwinAgii »»««* 'VII 0qii«iro toilOB.] 




Hcmtli. 


Bbdittygtt JH MdOi^KeiML 




HmtHiff. 




MlEiimum. 


Mcmn, 


per muMfe 


"JS? 


1903. 














.Tatinury 


T8 


40 


S» 


3pd5D 


o*n 




February . _ 


1,845 


53 


381 


21,100 


.76 




MdTcb .. ._ 


Ji,060 


1,^S 


i,nw 


it>«,r>S7 


^:m 




April ..^.-.^....,_ 


1,000 


IJOO 


1.427 


§4,»12 


zm 




Hay .. 


1,100 


070 


Hfl.'S 


mi, 18T 


\:n 




Jmi^-^-^ 


070 


400 


5o« 


8a,0S4 


1,11 




pt# — 


440 


SIO 


SHI) 


2si,aa5 


.70 




By^Bi .. 


UQ 


BOO 


W 


14 am 


.49 




fib^didlker 


900 


ISO 


163 


9.»1I0 


.sa 




1 October 


ISO 


110 


m 


7.J!*0W 


^25 




■pToyfiiiiDisr - -,...^.^ 


580 


110 tJfiH 


is^a'jo 


,53 


^0 


24H] 


mi 


i?*,Hn 


.01 


r They«ar.._. 






i,WO 


40 


544 


394,680 


tO0 


1 



ErxiporatioH record of Clear L<tke at Lakeport, Cal» 

[D. C. Ruius«*y, ()]>»i^rvor.] 





Evaporation in 
inches. 




Evaporatioi 
inches. 




Lake. 


Land. 




Lake. Lt 


1901. 






1902. 






January (estimated) .. 


0. 85 




January 


0. 85 




February 


.95 
2.40 




February _ . 

March . 


.25 
1.60 




March... 




April- 


3. 05 




April 

May 


2.60 : 


May . 


3.70 




4.00 


June 


3.95 
5.15 




June - 

July--- -- 

Auenist 


4.65 


July 


6.65 


August 

September . . . . 


5 00 




4 40 


3.35 


«1.6 


Septeml>er . 

October 

November . . 

December 


4.10 1 


October 


2.30 

.85 
1.30 


2.45 

1.05 

.95 


1.95 
.45 
.40 




November . 




December 












32.85 


6.05 


31.90 






oP 


-" 16 U> 29. 







I hvhl] 



SAN FBAKCI8C0 BAY DBAIKAGE BASIK. 



138 



FEATHER RIVER AT OROVILL.E, CAL. 

At Oroville, where Feather River breaks from the foothills on the 
western slope of the Sierra Nevada into the Sacramento Valley, it has 
a drainage basin of 3,350 square miles. 

The minimum midsummer discharge, as far as known, was in 1900 
when the stream was flowing 1,123 second-feet. Observations of daily 
river stage were begun January 1, 1902, using the rod of the Weather 
Bureau, which has been in place for a number of years. Readings 
on this ro<l have been taken and reported by the Weather Bureau 
during flood heights when there was danger of overflow on the lower 
Feather and Sacramento rivers. It was found that there would be 
minus readings during low stage, and 2 feet have been adde<l to the 
reading as observed on the rod. The observer is Miss Louise N. Lee. 

Discharge measurements of Feather River at Oroville, Cal. 



Date. 



1902. 



Hydrtjjfrapher. 



January 29. | S. G. Bennett . 

March 1 do 

May? •_ j'....do 

Septemher4 C.A.Miller 



September 10_ 
l>ecember 18 _ 



do .. 

S. G. Bennett . 



Gaare 
heiKht. 


DiHchaiye. 


hWi. 


St'coiyl-feet. 


1.85 


1,960 


8.70 


15,228 


8.75 


15,476 


.% 


1,385 


.92 


1,890 


3. 65 


3,298 



134 



STBKAM JtEABUEElLbKl^ IN 19(>2, PABT J\\ [s^!^ 

Ihiiiy gage htight^ inf^t, of Feather Rivttf ut Orovillet (MK 



1 


Jail, 


Pflb. 


Ua^. 


Apr. 


Mft^jj*ili6. 


July. 


Aoff. 


EMfpl^, 


Oct, 


K»v 


&*«. 


lUW. 




















!-„....-. „„ 


15 




m5 


T.O 


a« 

T.6 


7. a 

T.O 


aa 


1.1 




a3 


Lf 
L£ 


II 
IS 


[ i... .......... _. 


I^..,.,_,,^^...,.™ 


«,s 


£.0 


14. I> 


»t.f| 


7. a 


«.& 


a.c^ 


1.4 




,* 


Lt 


KN 


!♦**,,,.„„ ^.^Hrm** 


i.u 


£,!» 


».« 


lao 


7.1 


II.B 


10 


1.B 




.* 


ti 


tu 


fi.._._ _,^..^..4„.™ 


IP 


ao 


«jt 


laQ 


7,0 


0.£ 


10 


1.S 




.8 


Lt 


i« 


Ik,^,..,^,.p. .«*-.,*- 


f.o 


S,5 


a» 


HJ> 


»,0 


as 


i» 


1,S 




.8 


L4 


^.A 


•T,-,.^.-^ ,*^..**:^.,,, 


£.0 


s.o 


a I 


14. U 


ft. a 


0.11 


17 


L3 




.8 


18 


U 


tl-.^.-,.; ,„„.„-. 


Jtd 


'lilt 


B.g 


1^.8 


l».4 


«.o 


IJi 


X*l 




.If 


18 


u 


t« .^, ^ ^^,,, *,.,— *. 


10 


n.» 


».« It* 


S.4 


11.0 


i& 


Li 




.J3 


19 


il 


|^„,.,._,..., ,„_,,.,_., 


fi,(i 


10, i 


8 4 iH,n 


a4 


an 


14 


l.$ 




,H 


8.5 


t,» 


tl. „.„,_„„ 




W.7 
W.8 


*.5 




a» 

ii.7 


8,8 
iL7 


14 

la 


i.a 






5.8 


lau 
la 


^W^bwc-iv^Wf***!!*****''. -<-- 


l**^..,.,.« 


*.!> 


^.» 


H.D 


ar 


9.0 


5.S 


la 


18 




»8 


a8 


M.i 


«,.-_,„_.„«-.,«,„. 


S.Q 


Le 


a. 7 


A.S 


8,» 


14 


i» 


1,3 




.a 


a& 


i> 


!!,,„..,.._..„..._.., 


S.fl 


U.f* 


d.4 


»,o 


».n 


4,7 


It 


Ld 




.8; 


14 


11 


rift. .,,...*-.^.«™ 


S.0 


11. a 


0.4 


ILA 


a. 4 


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s.o 


ma 


do 


7.n 


T,B 


a.s 


l.fi 


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».« 




n.o 


«ji 


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1.0 




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Rating table for Feather River at OroviUe, Cal.^for 190:?, 





Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
height 




Feet. 


Sectrntl-feft. 


Svcond-feet. 


Feet. 




0.8 


1,300 


3.0 


2, 750 


5.2 




1.0 


1,400 


3.2 


2, 950 


5.4 




1.2 


1,510 


3.4 


3, 150 


5.6 




1.4 


1,620 


3.6 


3, 365 


5.8 




1.6 


1,735 


3.8 


3, 595 


6. 




1.8 


1,855 


4.0 


3, 825 


6. 5 




2.0 


1,975 


4.2 


4, 095 


7.0 




2. 2 


2,115 


4.4 


4,365 


7. 5 


\ 


2.4 


2, 255 


4.6 


4, 660 


S.I) 


/ 


2.(5 

/ 


2,410 


4.8 


4, 980 


<S. 5 


/"/ 


s,m) 1 


5.0 


5, 300 


^^^) 



Dischiirgo. 
Sero,ul-/eet 

5, 660 
6,020 
6,400 

6, HOO 

7, 200 

8, 300 

9, 500 
10,900 
12,500 
14. 100 



Cfage 
height. 



Feet. 

9.5 

10.0 
10.5 
11.0 
11.5 
12.0 
12.5 
13.0 
14.0 



DL««'lmrK«'- 
Seviiitd-fi'ft 

18, \m 

21,200 
23..">(X) 
25.S(X) 
2.8. 1(K) 
30. 4(M) 
32, TIM) 
35,I)(K) 
39. 600 



nriLL] 



SAN FBANOISCO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 



135 



Estimated monthly discharge of Feather River at Oromlle^ Cat. 
[Drainage area, 3,350 aqnare miles.] 



Month. 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



Run-off. 



Second-feet' tv.«*i, <«. 



inches. 




STONY CREEK NEAR FRUTO, CAL. 

On January 30, 1901, a gaging station was established by Bnrt Cole 
Julian's ranch, G miles northwest of the town of Fruto, Cal., to 
termine the amount of wat«r available for storage. The observer 
Mrs. Lee Julian. 

[)uring 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
G. Bennett: 

January 26: Gage height, 8.00 feet; discharge, 126 second-feet. 
February 28: Gage height. 10.00 feet; discharge, 7,880 second-feet. 
May 8: Gage height, 5.88 feet; discharge, 1,080 second-feet. 
September 24: Gage height, 8.00 feet: discharge, 14 second-feet. 



130 3TRKAM SiEA^UaKMKNTH JN 19W2, PAftT IV- l^a 

Daitff g^ge li^ight^ in f^t, of Stmiii Ct^'k at Julian' b mn^lt, aear Fr^dQ, V^^ 



^•r. 



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10 J 
13. £ 



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July, 


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%% 


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40 

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ao| 

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7.1 ' 
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14 

14 I 
la 
AJi 
11 

a,o 



&8 

1ft 

5.i 
&T 

tt 

&r 

5,< 

il 
1,1 

If 
if 

a.« 
ii 
ii 

&i 

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II 
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&.I 

11 
SlI 
j^4 

A.1 
18 
1« 
IS 
Jl,7 
5. 1 



Htitinff tt^Ufar ^onff O^eJb at jHliati^M runeli, ti/^at Frutn^ f?«l., /nr JSOl 



iXti. i«-'«^- 



Feft. 

2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 



Sfroiui-fett . 

5 

14 

27 

44 

67 

94 

125 

185 

270 






Feet. 

4.6 
4.S 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 



Di9nluu^g^4. 


hefiSTt, 


Serotul-fet't. 


Feet. 


DlsrlMrei^ 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


St'ftmd-fret. 


370 


6.4 


1,835 


8. 5 


4,6H0 


490 


6.6 


2,050 


1 9. 


5, .510 


620 


6.8 


2 27.5 


9. 5 


6,410 


765 


7.0 


2,510 


10.0 


7,400 


920 


7.2 


2, 765 


10.5 


S, 400 


1,080 


7.4 


3, 035 


11.0 


9,4.-)0 


1,250 


7.6 


3,315 


11.5 


10.550 


1,430 


7.8 


3. 605 


12.0 


11,700 


1,625 


8. 


3,900 


13.0 


14,1.50 



wulI 8AK FRANCISCO BAY DRAINAGE BABIK. 137 

Wrnated monthly discharge of Stony Creek at Julianas ranch, near Fruto, Cal. 
[Darinage area, 70U square znileB.] 



Month. 



1902. 

muaiy _. 

jbruary 

arch 

pril 

»y ---- 

me 

"ly 

QgQSt - 

"ptember 

ctober 

bvember.. . . 
ecember 

The year 



Discharge in seoond-feet. 



Maxixnam. 



150 

14,650 

7,000 

4,680 

1,000 

370 

9 

5 

14 

235 

5,(M)5 

2,765 



14,650 



Minimum. 



109 
109 
920 
690 
270 
5 
o 



55 
109 
690 



Mean. 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



114 

4,201 ' 

2,588 

1,522 

578 

132 

3 

3 

9 

92 

1 , 5.S4 

1,132 



997 



7,010 

23,3,312 

159, 130 

90, 565 

35, 540 

7,a55 

184 

184 

536 

5, 657 

94, 255 

69,604 



703,832 



Run-off. 



Seoond-feet! rte„*.ii t^ 



0. 15 

5. 53 

3.41 

2.00 

.76 

.17 

.00 

.(K) 

.01 

.12 

2.08 

1.49 



1.31 



0.17 

5.76 

3.93 

2.23 

.88 

.19 

.00 

.00 

.01 

.14 

2.32 

1.72 



17.35 



LCRAMENTO RIVER AT JELLYS FERRY AND AT IRON CANYON, NEAR 
RED BLUFF, CAL. 

The gaging station at Jellys Ferry, whiuh is located 12 miles above 
e town of Red Bluff, was established April 30, 1895. The right bank 
the river is Mgh, but the left bank is liable to overflow when the 
er rises above the 25-foot mark. The river has been known to reach 
i 33- foot mark. Because of the liability to overflow, it was deemed 
dsable to select a new gaging station where the water at flood stage 
uld be more confined. A point in Iron ( 'anyon, where the river had 
m gaged by the State engineering department in 1870 and by the 
nmissioner of public works in 181)3-04, was chosen as a new gaging 
tion. The river stage rod used l)y the commissioner of public 
rks was still in place and has been used in making river height 
iervations since January 28, 1002, the date upon which the observa- 
ns were ]>egun. The river at this point in lower portion of Iron 
nyon, 4 miles al)Ove Red Bluff, has a direct course for 2 or 3 miles. 
e width between banks at low water is about 500 feet. The depth 
water at low stages averages feet with a maximum depth of feet. 
e banks are steep and firm. The river flows in a bed of coarse 
ivel and cobbles with here and there a small bowlder. The bed 



138 



STREAM MKAt^irREMENTH IN l!Mr2, PART IV. 



{W 



roek its lava. Discharge nifasiin^tiuMitsj an.^ iiiado from a cables 
feet long, which In anchored in the lava roek that ffiruiB tht* wa! 
the canyon, The obHorver at Jelljs Ferry was A. A. St^ruiaon; 
Iron OaJiyon, F. A, Wileox. 

I'kiitii iHHi*' hi'^Ujht, in fert. *ff Stit^ntmrtito Rivt*r at JrflffH Kerry ^ near 



Vh^j. 



J»ii. 



Fteb. 



U»r, 



Apt, Mmj. 



Ji 



ItXL 






Hi*w-t-i. *-.T*fl*'-'r— 



-'r* * » ■»*• ■ 99* i • • *T*«t' ♦ • » *^f ■--»-•.»♦#« t% m 



m „-. ,.,.-.:„-—,„. 

PHfl»«»tf ti- < ' - - ■• m v^*** »* •'4«4 '■-•«•• VrV'4 



ff" 



so. 
a. 



ii.. 

ft,. 



31, 



at 
an 

A. 5 
5-5 

^^ 
ft. 5 



^& 

5.8 

mo 
ai.s 

i»,a 

IT. 5 
IT.l 



R.fi 



me 

n.n 

13, a 
lit 
irft 

19.0 

K.r» 
mi 

11.1 

Ilk.U 

mrt 
lu.t 
ma 
«.« 

9.6 
(K4 

ao 



«,i 

».T 
Hi 
10«« 

IS. a 
II. & 

iiji 

10. » 

law 
iu,« 
iQ.a 
i(», » 
n.a 

Jl.O 

in.i 

11). T 
UK 4 



ILI 

(L» 

a, 7 
tt,4 

11. a 

ILl 

ukt 
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SAN FBAirCIflOO BAT DRAINAOE BASIN. 



139 



Rating table for Sacramento River at Jellys Ferry, CaL^for J90J 



I 



! height. 



jDiachArge. 



Feet. Second-feet. 



! 4.0 
4.2 

4.4 
4.6 

' 4.8 



2,400 
2,670 
2,970 I 
3,290 I 
3,630 : 



5.0 3,980 

5.2 4,360 
5.4 4,760 
5.6 5,170 I 
5.8 5,590 
6.0 i 6,030 

6.3 ! 6,500 

6.4 7,000 
6.6 I 7,530 




hei^t. 


DiMcharire. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


22.0 


76,800 


28.0 


83,400 


: 24.0 


90,000 


25.0 


96,600 


, 26.0 


103,200 


27.0 


109, 800 



28.0 
29.0 
30.0 
31.0 
32.0 
33.0 
34.0 
35. 



; 116,400 

j 123,000 

; 129,600 

: 136,200 

I 142,800 

i 149,400 

I 156,000 

! 162,600 



Estimated numtlUy disteharge of Sacramento River at Jetty h Ferry, near Red 

Bluff, CaL 

[Drainat^ area, 9,134 nquare miles.] 





Diflcharge in necond-fet^t. 




Run-off. 


Month. 




Minimum. 


Mt«aii. 


Total in 
acre-feet. 


Second-feet 
•pQT souare 


Depth in 
inches. 


1902. 










1 
1 


January 


6, 750 


4, 760 


5, 376 


330, 557 


0.59 1 0.68 


''ebrnary ... 


147,420 


4,965 


69, 423 


3, 855, 558 


7.60 7.91 


^an-h 


76,160 


14,300 


31,213 


1,919,213 


3.42 3.94 


^pril 


54,070 


14,300 


22, OW 


1,314,803 


2.42 


2.70 


lay... 


25,600 


12,800 


17,453 


1,073,143 


1.91 


2.20 


\]XH\_ 


12,500 


(), 030 


8, 758 


521,137 


.96 


1.07 



w 



8TEEAM THKABUH^MEKTR TW 1S02, FART TV. [« 

Discimrgt* meMmirrment& of Sacramento Rh^r at Iron CntiTij^crM, «ear RM Bluff, Cmi,^ 



Dttt^. 



IMl, 






Harcb :i, .... 

Muy 10 _-. 

September IS.... 
De<'.€(mlie^r 31 



Hjrdrngrmpliipr. 



a. Q. Bennett 



l^U ^^^^^ 



1.03 



do . , __.. 1.S5 

Wm. FpLniiiiig_. I 3). 60 

S.G. Bennett...-. ' lO.ttO 



do ...... 

a A. MiHer., 
3. G. Beimett. 



5.50 

8. da 



4L5T0 

4,435 

9.^ 



Oailfi WHf^ height ^ in feet, iff Sacra ftif^nl^o Ritu**' at Iran Oaufft/n, iu^ar Hud 

Bluff, VnL 



Dfty. 



vm. 



J«ii, 



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1.3 

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14.0 



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Apr. 



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La 

LI 

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LS 

L« 

I7.fi 
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5.0 

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ntiu.] 



SAN FBANOISOO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 



141 



Bating table for Sacramento River at Iron Canyon, near Red Bluff, Col. , for lOOS, 



^. 


Dificharge. 


Oacre 
height. 


IMflchfirge. 


Oaee 
height. 

Feet. 


Dischargo. 
Secoful-feet. 


Gaffe 
height. 


Diflchargo. 


Ffft 


Second-feet. , 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


; Feet. 


Se€(tnd-feet. 


1.0 


5,000 


5.0 


17,100 


9.0 


34,300 


! 13.0 


55,600 


1.2 


5,440 ; 


5.2 


17,900 


9.2 


35,260 


1 13.2 


56,800 


1.4 


5,880 1 


5.4 


18,700 


9.4 


36,220 


1 13.4 


58,000 


1,6 


6,340 1 


5.6 


19,500 


9.6 


37,180 


i 13.6 


59,220 


1.8 


6,820 1 


5.8 


20,300 


9.8 


38,140 


: 13.8 


60,460 


2.0 


7,300 


6.0 


21,100 


10.0 


39,100 


1 14.0 


61,700 


2.2 


7,840 


6.2 


21,940 


10.2 


40,100 


i 14.5 


64,900 


2.4 


8,380 


6.4 


22, 780 


10.4 


41,100 


: 15.0 


68,200 1 


2.6 


8,950 


6.6 


23,620 


: 10.6 


42,120 


: 15.5 


71,600 


' 2.8 


9,550 


6.8 


24,460 


i 10.8 


43,160 


16.0 


75, 100 


1 3.0 


10,150 


7.0 


25,300 


; 11.0 


44,200 


; 16. 5 


78,600 


. 8.2 


10,790 1 


7.2 


26, 180 


11.2 


4'), 280 


; 17.0 


82,200 


1 3.4 


11,430 


7.4 


27,060 


11.4 


46, 360 


1 18.0 


89,700 


3.6 


12,090 


7.6 


27,940 


; 11.6 


47,460 


' 19.0 


97, 600 


3.8 


12,770 


7.8 


28,820 


11.8 


48, 580 


20.0 


105,900 


1 ^0 


13,450 


8.0 


29,700 


12.0 


49,700 


21.0 


114,600 


, ^-2 


14, 150 


8.2 


30,020 


12.2 


50, 860 


: 22.0 


123,700 


, -^.4 


14,850 


8.4 


31,540 


; 12.4 


52,020 


1 23.0 


133,200 


4.6 


15,580 


8.6 


32,460 


12.6 


53,200 


j 24.0 


143, KK) 


1 4.8 


16,840 


8.8 


33,380 


12.8 


54,400 


1 25.0 


153, 400 



'X/jmaferf niontMy dischnrge of Sacramento RitH'r at Iron Canyon, near Red 

Bluff, Cat. 

[Drainage area, 9,:^ square miles.] 



Month. 



Discharge in secf>nd-feet. 



Maximum. Minimum. 



1902. 

tiiiaiy ^ 

bmary 

irch 

>ril 

^y 

ne 

ly- — 

gust --.- 

)tember 

tober 

vember 

member _- 

The vear 



6, 

151, 

61, 

53, 

24, 

13, 

7, 

5, 

5, 

11, 

118, 

39, 



750 
320 
700 
800 
460 
450 
060 
880 
220 
750 
200 
100 



4,760 

5, 660 

14, 150 

14, 150 

10, 150 

7,060 

5,880 

5,440 

5,000 

5,000 

5,660 

8,110 



Total in 
acre-feet. 



Mean. 



Run-<)flP. 



^ mchea. 



per RQua] 
mile. 



i 



5, 376 

09, 154 

27,371 

21,992 

17,803 

9,998 

6,192 

5,674 

5, 007 

5, 931 

19,707 

17,506 



151,320 



4,760 17,648 



330, 557 
3,840,619 



, 682, 977 
,308,615 
, 094, 664 
594, 922 
380, 731 
348,881 
297, 937 
364, 683 
176,218 
076,402 



12,497,206 



0.59 

7.44 

2.94 

2.37 

1.92 

1.08 

.67 

.61 

.54 

.64 

2.13 

1.88 

1.90 



0.68 

7.75 

3.30 

2.64 

2.21 

1.20 

.77 

.70 

.60 

.74 

2.38 

2.17 

25.23 



"Diacbargo at Jelly 8 Ferry for January. 



1.42 STREAM MliABUKEMENTS m 1W2, PAHT IV, imj 



TVaiAJMSK HIVKK AT LAOHAHOE, CAL. 



■ The »t«tion, i^»Uiblbht*d August 29, 1896, m loi'al'ed at t.lie wngf 
briflgt* iti f he town of Lngrnii|ifi% Cfil. Tt is h**low tlit* hi|ih dam of t1 
TurU)f.*k ntitl .^lodesto irrigation districLs ami a\}<u Ik.^Iow tlu^ ln.^inl 
tlie crnuU of tlie Lagrange Dit-cli and Hydraulic Mining Compati 
which diverts wator from the left bank of tht^ river 15 mi lew »bo 
Lagrange danu The flow tlirotigh this canal for l^Ki2 wa^ het^wei 
^A and 5 cubic fi*ct per second. 

Tho channel at the gaging t^tation, both al>ovc and l>elo>vthebri(l^ 

straight for (several hundred feet and the velocity of the stream 

[quite uniform, JJoth bankn aiv high and not sub.iect to overflo 

f'or the last few years the channel seems to l>e grad iially washing oi 

to obNerver is Annie P. McGinn* 

During 11*02 the following discharge measuremeiitB were made 1 
(i, Bennett and h. M, Lawson: 

Hi*n;h fl: Seeoad-fwjt 

Gage height. 6.(K> f^t; dlechargd ... --...., _ 2,051 

Ttirlwfc Canal- ,,,. ,„ 108 

Liigrange Dit«eh and Hydraulic Mining Company^ a canal . . 5 

TotftL..... .._ 2,46M 

May 18: 

Gage height. 8.35 feet; dist^harge 9, 476 

Tnrlock Canal 253 

Lagrange Ditch and Hydraulic Mining Company's canal.. 5 

Total _.. 9,734 

August 27: 

Gage height, 3.50 feet; discharge 15 

Tnrlock Canal 105 

Lagrange Ditch and Hydraulic Mining Company's canal. _ 4 

Total -. 124 



SAN FRANCISCO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 143 

Daily fffige height ^ in feet, of Tiiolumne Rivt^r at Txigrange, Cal. 



mf. 



J^. 



4.4 

&.1 

4.0 
4,5 
4.4 
4,5 
4,T 
4.fl 
4.5 
4.5 
4.5 
4.5 
4.4 



Fflh. 



i.4 
44 
4.4 
4.4 
4.4 
4.fl 
4.4 
4,4 
4.0 
4.fl 
4. ft 
4.S 
4,fl 
4.8 
5.0 
5.fi 



Mar. Apr. 



ALT ' 
0.5 I 

5. » ' 
5.9 I 

5.8 I 

6.3 ; 

7.4 i 
A.6 J 
6.1 ' 
6.1 I 
6.0 I 



5.9 



I 7 



Mmr- 



Jiiii», 



r.n 

7.4 



July.' Aug.' Sopt. 



I 



7.T 

7.1 I 

7.4 I 

7.7 , 



8.1 I 





4.4 


f 5.5 


5.T 


7.4 




4.4 ' 6.4 


5.R 


T.H 




4.4 5.4 


5 7 


T.« 




A.^ . 5.3 


fi.5 


».. 




4.4 Ti,t 


5.5 


n.n 




4.a 

4,8 


5.7 
5. a 


5,5 
5.7 


7.8 
7,8 






4.11 
4,1 
4.5 
4.4 


5.» 
«.4 

7.t 


5.7 
5.5 
fi.5 
5.4 


5.ft 










4.4 


T.tt 


5.5 
5.T 


fllO 
5.1 






4.4r 




5,7 


8,6 




4.3 




5.4 


""" 



8.4 
8.4 
8.3 
8.0 



7.3 I 

T..| 

7.5 

7.5 

7.2 

6.6 

6.2 

6.1 

6.3 

6.8 

7.1 

8.0 

8.5 

8.9 

8.6 

8.8 

8.9 



8.0 I 
8.9; 
8.7 
8.4 ' 
8.6 , 
8.5 
8.0 
7.8 I 

7.7 ; 

7.6 
7.3 
7.4 
7.5 
7.6 
7.5 
7.5 
7.3 
7.1 
7.0 
6.8 
6.4 
6.4 
6.4 



6.2 

6.1 I 
5.9 I 
5.9 
5.5 I 

5.5 \ 
5.3 I 
5.2 
5.3 
5.4 
5.4 
5.3 \ 
5.3 
5.2 
5.1 

5.2 ' 
5.1 ' 
4.9 
4.9 
.5.0 
5.0 
4.9 

4.8; 
4.81 

4.8; 

4.8, 
4.7 i 

4.6 i 
4.7 

4.7 ! 
4.5 



4.4 
4.4 I 
4.2 I 

4.1 ; 

4.0 

3.8 

3.»: 

3.8 I 
4.1 ; 
4.0 
3.8 \ 

4.0 i 

4.1 ; 

4.1 ' 
4.2 

4.1 \ 
4.0 ' 

3.9 \ 
3.9 I 

3.8 ; 

3.7 I 

8.5; 

3.4 
3.4 
3.5 
3.5 
3.5 

3.4 ! 

3.3 ; 

3.5 I 
3.4 1 



Oet. 



3.5 
iJ> 
it 
4.(1 
iA\ 
Ui 
4,n 
a« 
3,9 

a,t» 

4.0 
4.0 
3.9 
4.0 ^ 
4.0 I 
3.9 j 
4.0 I 
3.9 I 
3.9 I 
4.0 1 
4.0 I 
3.9 I 
3.8 
3.9 
3.8 
3.8 
3.8 
3.8 
3.7 1 
3.7! 



JIT 

^7 

«.T 
%t 

afl 

aa 
3.7 
3.7 
3.7 
3. ft 

3.« 
3.6 
3.« 

3.5 
3.5 

a7 

i.^ 

4.5 
4.fl 

4.5 i 
4.6,, 



Ncy*'. 



4,4 
1.4 
4.4 
4.3 
4.S 
4.4 
4.4 
4.3 
4.4 
5.» 

e.v 

5« 
5.0 

5.t 
4.9 
4.» 

4.T 
4.H 
4.S 
5.l» 
4.|» 
4.9 
18 

4.e 

4.9 
18 
4.f^ 
4.8 
4.9 
4.H 



Rating table for Tuolumnr River at Litgrange, Cal. ^ for VJ02. 



D«. 



4.« 
4.5 
4.5 
4.5 

4,R 

h.t 

5.8 
h.\ 
5.1 
5.0 
5.1 
5vlt 
5.5 
5.4 
5,8 
5.1 
5.0 
4.9 
4.9 
i.% 
4.7 
4.S 
4.9 
4.9 
19 
5.0 
5.0 
4.9 
4.9 
4.8 
4.8 



I Discharge. 



Secnnd-feet. 

7 
25 
5/> 
llo 
200 
800 
410 
560 



Gage 

height. 

Feet. 
5. 
5. 2 
5.4 
5.() 
5. 8 
0.0 
0. 2 
0. 4 



Diflchargo. 

Sernnd-f^-rt. 
750 
050 
1,1.S0 
1,480 
1,850 
2, 200 
2,000 
:i 140 



(4^age 

height. 



Diwharge. 



Gage 
height. 



Fr,'f. \ Sen mfl -feet. Feet. 



0.0 

0.8 
7.0 
7.2 
7.4 
7.0 
7.8 
8.0 



8,010 
4,100 

4, 080 

5. 200 
5,810 
0,450 
7,120 
7, 880 



8.2 
8.4 
8.0 
8.8 
0.0 
0.2 
9.4 



Discharge. 
Seco}id-feet.\ 

8, 580 
9, 850 
10.140 
10,950 
11,780 
12,630 
18, 500 



144 



STEEAM MEASITHEHKNTB IN IM(»2, PART iV. 



TlTRt.Ot?K CAKAL 



IwlI 



The Tnrlock catial, the property of the Turlock Irrigation Distriet, 
takeB WHler from the left bfttik of the Tuolumne River at the Lagranfje 
dam. This canal was doaigued to earry l,5fM) second- feet and t^ i?ri* 
gaU* a large area of fertile hmd in the vicinity of Turltjck and i.'^n^ 
StuniHlau8 County, Cal. During 1898 water was first tnmed inlathe 
canal in sin all quantitief^ and used fcM- puddling the banks, A re<Hml 
of the |?age height ban IxH^n kepi since July, IHilM. Meter in eJi-^im*- 
menta are made when the gfti^ii^g station on Tuolunine Biver &i 
Lagrange ib visited, and Morgan flume, or flume No* 2, has been rated. 
The obi*orver is J. L. Montgomery. 

tBu ring 190:? llie following discharge meaHUi*emmit» were made by 
G. Ilennett and L. M. Lawson: 



May IB: 0aKe height, -2M2 fepti (iisH^Jmrgt:^, 253 seccwid-feet, 
July ^k Gag*f hrtgbt» li.lWl ft*t*t; iltHehiirge, tJ60 s*?cfmd-fi*t?t. 
Ang. 27i Qage height^ 2.*HJ f*!i*t; discJiairge* U>.j st*(30iid'feet. 

LkAii^ gtiQv /*^iffAI, infe^it of TurifKk o($nal nt Lagrange, 0(U^ 



Dfcy. 



a..-- - - - 

f^ .,..,-„. 

UK-..,.. 

H— .-.. — 

la^-^ .-- -^ 

!!,,.,.„..„,-„. 

U.., „.,,., 

Ml _..-. 

If— - 

Ul,„__„._ __.__ 
I»- 



vm. 



Mar. 



£") 



I 









tn 
in 

u, (} 

^4 

lA 

s.a 

a. 8 

ai 
at 

a J 
».i 
at 
ai 
ai 
at 
a I 

ao 
ai 
a0 



Airr. 



a.1 

at 
ai 
ai 

a£ 

:i!J 
as 

MS 

ait 
as 

ai>! 

ai 
a* I 

ai] 
ari 
as 
afi 

0,0 

an 



u^r^ 



an 
IIJ1 
a^( 
ait 
ai 
a 5 
Hji 
:*,ri 

:ifi 
MS 
a 5 
no 

ai^ 
an 
a*i 
as 
a«) 

an I 
an ' 
an ' 
an 
an 
an 
a a 

10 

an 
a A 
an 



Jttxke. 



at 
aT 
aT 
a; 
ai 
a: 
a; 
a 7 
a 7 
a 7 
a 7 
ar 
ar 
a: 
:i7 
a? 
ar 
a: 
a? 
av 
a? 
a« 

aw 
a« 

an 
a a 

an 
as 



J&Iy. 



a* 
as 
a» 
af^ 
aa 
a« 
a« 
i.a 

i.n 
to 

a£ 
aT 

au 
as 
as 
a« 
an 
as 
ae 
aft 
a5 
a a 
an 
ao 
a a ' 



AiBSfJ 



AiBSf. Bfipt 



I 

ai) 
&i 

at 
ar 
at 
aji 
at 
a« 
av 
ag 

i.O 
4.(1 
4,0. 

ad 
a 8 
a«i 
ai 

4JI 

as 
as 
a7 
ae 
ai 

15 

as 

as 
ar 
at 

ast. 
as >. 






-- 



a No record Jan. 1 to Mar. 6. 



ft Sept. 2 to Dec. 31 no \vat<ir in canal; nmkin>jr repairs. 



«*^1 SAN FBAN0I80O BAY BBAINAGE BASIK. 

Rating table for Turlock canal at Lagrange, Cah.for 1002, 
MABGH 7 TO JULY 81. 



145 



^^^ DfachMge., 


h^l^ 


Diaclutrge. 


Oaffe 
height. 


I 
Discharge. 


Gage 
height. 


Discharge. 


IWf. 


Sccond-/eei. 


Fwi. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


1 
Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Seconti-feet. 


2.0 


113 


2.5 


182 


3.0 


268 ' 


3.5 


360 


2.1 


125 


2.6 


198 


3.1 


286 1 


3.6 


380 


2.2 


138 : 


2.7 


215 


3.2 


304 


3.7 


400 


2.3 


152 ' 


2.8 


232 


3.3 


322 


3.8 


420 


2.4 


166 ! 


2.9 


250 


3.4 


340 


4.0 


460 



APPROXIMATE TABLE FOB AUGUST. 



1 
2.6 1 


105 


3.0 


175 


3.4 


247 


3.8 


327 


-•"! 


122 


3.1 


193 


3.5 


267 


3.9 


347 


2.8 


139 


3.2 


211 


3.6 


287 


4.0 


367 


2.9 

1 


157 


3.3 


229 


3.7 


307 







Estimated monthly dutcharge of Tuolumne River at Lagrange, Cal. 
[Drainage area, 1,501 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902, 

touary 

Jbrnary 

arch 

)ril.. 

iy - 

ne 

ly 

igust 

?tember 

tober 

•vember 

cember 

The year 



Discharge in second-feet. 



a50 

6,780 

5,810 

12,630 

11,360 

11,360 

2,690 

300 

200 

560 

2,690 

2,690 




12,630 



2,022 



IRR 85—03- 



-10 



14fl STEEAM MEASUKEMllNTS IN Wm, FART I\% 

Kstlm<itetl mtmthljf digt^hnrge of T^irtock ntnai at Lagrfingt^, Cat. 



Mritttll. 



twu. 



\ 



Mitroh . *. . 

Aptil 

May ...... 

Atigtist *.> 

October . . . 
Kovember . 

December 



- , *^m •*i^»4%'^* 1 



The y^mr . 



DlMsIui^fCti ta secQiid^ttft. 



Muzimum. MLttSmomL ItfikJ 







388 

400 

4«0 

367 

47 







4«0 





& 


400 
315 





a 



m] 



Estinmted manthly tHnnMnt*ii dm^hnr^jt* of Titohtmtir Hivtr and. Turloek aiHoStit^i 

iMgraiitjr, (ML 




8AK FRANCISCO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 



147 



MERCED RIVER ABOVE MERCED FALLS, CAL. 

aieasurement of this stream was undertaken in i-esponse to 
us requests from mining and irrigation interests. The mid- 
r flow of the stream is less than the combined capacity of the 
^n and power canals taking water in the vicinity of Snelling. 
ging station at a point 1 mile above Merced Falls was ostab- 
Vpril 6, 1901. Meter measurements are made from a cable, 
server is Charles Siegfeldt. 

ng 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
►ennett and L. M. Lawson : 

arch 6: Gage height, 10.10 feet; discharge, 1,302 second-feet. 
ay 13: Gage height, 12.15 feet; discharge, 5,413 second-feet, 
ptember 3: Gage height, 8.10 feet; discharge, 109 second-feet. 

^lily gage height, in feet, of Merced River above Merced Falls, Cal. 



r>*r 


Jan. 


Fyb. 


Mar. 1 Apr. 


10,^ 


niv 


Juir* 


Auif. 


s<«pt. ; 
ai , 


Oct. 
7,H 


Nov. 


Deo. 


jure. 


<*.8 


H.4 


10.5 ft.r 


]i|J> 


8.7 ' 


ai 


a 5 




a? 


s.Ji 


12.3 a« 10.8 


11.4 


RW 


8.7 1 


ao 


T, fl 


ai 


as 




V.l 


a 5 


11.0 fi.T laft 


M.i 


0.8 


8JI, 


8.1 


7.H 


al 


as 




^9 


as 
aft 


10.5 a 6 irtu 

10.2 9.7 L 


U.9 


a A 

9.5 


8.CV 


ail 
ai 


T,8 


ar 

ai 


as 




as 




a 8 


H.fi 


10.1 a.a It. 4 


t2A\ 


](.4 


fl.ft 


ai 


T.K 


a a 


a A 




a a 


as 


10.0 11 fl L5 


12, f» 


ail 


as 


ao 1 


7.» 


ao 


a 9 




ai 


a A 


10.0 n.i i.fr 


IS. ft 


ail 


aft 


ao \ 


T.rt 


ai 


as 




a? 


a? 


12.5 11. S I?, 1* 


ail 


as 


ao 


rW 


ai 


10.J 




«.T 


aT 


11.5 5 1*. ms 


an 


ae 


ao 


7,9 


a 4 


aj( 




a A 


a» 

H.T 


10.6 11 1£,0 IS. 
10.4 10. S 12L IZ 
10.1 : 10.9 l«,3 11.0 

10.1 11.0 ii.e 11.4 

9.7 1 11.2 11.3 11.4 


a 3 
a 3 
a 3 
a 2 


ao 

a 9 
a 7 
a 7 


ao 
&o 
«.o 

ft.0 

ao 


7.H 
18 


JO.O 

aa 
a7 

8,7 


OJ) 




as 




ar a.A 
a« a 8 
a? a 7 


O^IS 




0.0 




a» 




afl ao 


9.6 ] 11.1 11.1 ; 11.2 


a 2 


a 5 


S.0 


7.0 


a« 


aiJ 


" 


a 6 ^^.■2 


9.7 11.3 11.6 ' 11.1 


ai 


as 


^ 


18 


ai 


a7 




a 6 .1 ;i 
ae 11 1 

8.6 1i fi 

ae 9.0 


9.8 , 11.8 

ae ; 12.2 

9.6 11.9 


11.8 : 11.1 

11.2 ; 11. 1 

11.0 ' 11.1 


a 9 
ao 


a 4 
a 4 
s. 
as 


9 

ao 
a 


7-8 
7.8 
7.H 
7. ft 


afl 

an 
aw 


ar 




a7 




R5 


:i:;;;:;;.::::: 


9.6 '. 11.4 1 10.8 ' 11.1 


as 




a 5 9.5 
as 9.4 


9.4 ; ia9 ' 10.8 1 11.0 
9.4 ia8 1 11.0 10.9 


a 9 


ag 
as 


ao 


7.« 
7.0 


aB 
a 7 


ao 




B.6 


................. 


a 5 10.5 


a 5 10.7 1 11.3 10.7 


a 9 


a» 


9 


a 5 


a? 


RB 




ae 10.8 
a 6 11.3 


9.4 1 10.5 1 11.9 10.6 


as* 


a a 
a 


9 


a 4 


as 

8. ft 


a 6 




a 3 10.5 


11.7 j 10.5 


RR 




a 5 11.8 


a 3 10.5 


12.4 I 10.4 


a» 


a 




a* 


as 


ar 





a 5 11.3 


9.2 ; 10.4 


12.7 ; lai 


a» 


ai 





as 


a? 


RH 





a5 


a 4 10.5 


12.7 1 10.1 


ap 


H, 




a^ 


as 


M.T 





a5 


a 5 i 10.8 


12.6 1 10.2 


as 


H. 




ai 


ae 


aft 




8.5 






9.6 1 

1 


12.4 




ap 


K. 




ai 




ae 



1 



148 8THEAM MEASUREMENTS IN 1902, PART IV< l*t 

Eatiftg titbtefor Merced Hivtr tdtov€ Meremi FHlh^ VaL^for JSfitf. 





Dlaoli*r«@. 


tiM^t. 






IMflPbAT^. 




DlKharf 


J\B«f. 


&ecwul-/Hft. 


/Vrt. 




J%ei. 


SHsoHd-fffmt. 


Fixi. 


Seamd-ft 


7.8 


65 


a& 


330 


10,0 


1.110 


11,2 


2,m 


7.9 


75 


9.0 


300 


10.1 


1,220 


11,4 


^,m 


i.o 


00 


B.l 


410 


10.2 


1,340 1 


11, e 


3,5«C 


8.1 


110 


0.3 


460 


10,3 


i,470 


11, a 


4M 


S.S 


1^) 


y.a 


im 


10,4 


i.eoo 


13.0 


Km 


8. It 


IISO 


9.i 


580 


10,0 


1,740 


13.3 


4,m 


8.4 


170 


d.fs 


«00 


10, e 


1,880 


13.4 


5,4a( 


8,15 


195 


9.fl 


780 


10.7 


2,030 


13.0 


&,m 


8.e 


220 


0.7 


810 


10.8 


3,180 


12.8 


^,m 


8,7 


JJ50 


9.8 


900 


10.9 


2,S40 






8.d 


230 


9*9 


1,000 


11.0 


2,500 







JCatiftiaieil monlhly di^ahargc of Merced River abam Merc^ Frtfls, Cal 



Hontli. 



Dliutuu^ in aeound-feeft. 



MftittmiUQa^ 



Mlnimuui. 



Mrwii . 



Tolmtin 



per eqtl»r? 



HntHiff- 



iDCl 



1902, 

January . _ . . ^ 

Febrimry . ^. 

Uart^h ... -*-,. 

April ..,.,„..,.. 

May .,.-,-, 

Jim©---- ,,^ 

Jtay ..-..-_ — _.- 

Atigast ._ 

September ... 

October...... 

November. _.. 

December .... . , . . 

The year .... 




6,240 



195 

170 

400 

730 

2jyO 

1.230 

280 

110 

65 

m 
m 

19G 
05 



749 
l,:if)4 
2,437 
n, 7S>5 
:i, 142 

481 

nil 

ss 
m 

24li 
1,005 



14, 511 

41,597 

m, 869 

140,302 

233,345 

1 HO. 002 

29,r>7« 

1U744 

5,23« 

5, 534 

u, ms 

1H,031 
791.^45 



0.22 I 

.09 
1.25 
2.25 
S.48 
3,88 

.44 

.18 

.06 

,08 

.33 

.38 

1,01 



SAN FBANCIdCO BAT DRAINAGE BA8IK. 



149 



KINO RIVER AT KING8BURG, CAL. 

) station was established in 1879 by the engineering department 
) Southern Pacific Company. No meter measurements have 
Dade since 1898 except a low- water measurement in 1902, because 

found impossible to construct a satisfactory rating table, on 
at of the changes in gage heights caused by the raising and 
ing of the head gate of the Peoples Canal, which takes water 
King River a few miles below the gaging station. The gage 
ts for 1902 have been furnished by William Hood, chief engineer 

Southern Pacific Company. Alf . Thompson was the observer. 

Daily gage height^ in feet, of King River, at Kingshurg, CaL 



D»y. ' 


Jnn, 


Fsb. 


Mfer. 


Apr; 


Mmy. 


June. 


jQir. 


Aug. 


Sept 


Oct. 


La 

L7 
L7 
L7 

ao 
as 
ail 
aa 
a^ 
as 

6.3 
4.0 

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4.0 
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4.5 

4.9 
5.1 
4.K 
4.4* 
4.H 
4.S 
4.7 
4.7 
4.B 
4.7 
4.7 


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19UL 


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^ -P«r 

160 STBEABC HEASUltEKENTS IN T902, PAKT IT. 



^ KIKG RIVBR AT RED MOUNTAIN^ NEAR SAKGEH^ CAL, 

The Imaging station at Red Mouut^ain^ estabUshocl September 3, 1^95, 
fa located 15 miles east of Hanger, Cal., and Is near ihe mouth of the 
fianyon and alx)ve all diversicms. The bed of thy slreAiu ih in i^mvel 
and few r^haugeM have l>een noted in the «*rui^,s seetion Binee the mUxU- 
1 i Hh n I e n t of th e sta t i o n , For the las 1 1 h i^ee yea i*8 th e stiit i on ha8 bet*n 
eon^idered as rated for all gage heiglit^ up to 11 feet, and few iiiot^r 
tneaHurenient^ have lK*en made. The present rating will urotmbly 
hold good until a change in th** channel is euused by a violent ftciod, 
nie observer ia O. CI, Willtanm. 

n^ie fiiUowing discharge niea8urement was ni»de in 1902 by L >l 
I^awHon : 



It: 



Bepteiitber 2h Gag^ height, 4. Of) feet; disbar urt^ '3 17 seGond- 
'H^ yttgf h fight, tu/**l» of King Hiver at iSeri Mounimn, near 



feet, 
Hanger^ OU. 



D*y. 


JWL 


Ffb. 




Apr. 


M*r. 


Jutm^ 


Julf, Au^, 

1 


Se]3t 


U^ct. 


Hot. 


PBC 


una 

|Hf-r— .t - — " 


4.4 


41 


«.t 


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a9 


T,B 


6.a 


41 


&8 


4ft 


41 


a-.....-..,-..^. -. 


li 


411 


14. i; 


6.1 


T,K 


i.9 


r.(* 


6.2 


4.0 


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4U 


4« 


a^- ..»..„..., 


44 


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ao 


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7.1 


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40 


».« 


a0 


4.2 


.^•»»ff-f**.— *^.-- — • — 


4.4 


41 


fi.9 


e.i 


ai 


9.9 


ar 


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441 


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iar> 


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40 


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a9 


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f.,„,„ ...._ 


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44 
44 
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4, Si 
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4£ 
411 


6. ft 
7.4 
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7.7 
76 




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an 

411 


a: 
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4ft 


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f.. -_....„„ _...„ 


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48 
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42 
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an 
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6.0 
6, ft 
5.11 
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4JI 
40 
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4.0 
4.1 
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4.8 
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flO_.„„,, 


43£ 


44 


fi.7 


».n ».« 


9.7 


a. ft 


46 


4,0 


a7 


41 


ii 


8l-.-„. ........... 


4S 


4B 


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8,1 


7.9 


9.7 


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u... ....... 


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»..„.,.,„.. 


4.£ 


B.h 


IJ.B 


7,9 


9.a 1 9.(1 


6.5 


4e 


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44 


4.4 


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».. .. .. .. 


4a 
4.n 




6.4 


7.1 
7 J 


9.1 a7 


ai 

5-6 


4.1 
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119 

a 8 


4.1 

4.1 


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4i 


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a 4 


41 


m. ........ 


42 


fi.^ 


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7.2 


ma 


7,9 


ai* 


4,1 


a 8 


41 


44 


4£ 


m... 


4S 




5.11 


7.3 


11.1 


8.1 


iS.6 


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4.B 


4a 


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6.B 


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4! 



SAN FBAKCI800 BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 



151 



g table for King River at Red Mountain, near Sanger, Cal,,for 190S. 




Discharge. 


1 height. 


Second- feet. 


1 

Feet. 


1,310 


\ 8.0 


1,450 


8.2 


1,642 


8.4 


1,834 


1 8.6 


2,034 


[ 8.8 


2,242 


I 9.0 


2,450 


9.2 


2,718 


1 9.4 


2,986 


9.6 


3,280 


1 9.8 


3,600 


10.0 



• 




Discharge, i 


heiSEt. 


Second-feet J 


Feet. 


3,920 ; 


10.2 


4,300 i 


10.4 


4,680 


10.6 


5,096 j 


10.8 


5,548 ! 


11.0 


6,000 1 


11.2 


6,520 ; 


11.4 


7,040 1 


11.6 


7.600 


11.8 


8,220 


12.0 


8,900 





Discharge. 

Second-feet. 
9,610 
10,400 
11,300 
12,250 
13,240 
14,300 
15,440 
16,660 
17, 930 
19,230 



d monthly discharge of King River at Red Mountain, near Sanger, Cal 
[Drainage area, 1.742 square miloH.] 





Discharge in second-feet. 


Total in 
acre-feet. 


Rim-oflf. 


Umth. 


Maximnxn. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


Recond-feet 
per^sguare 


Depth in 
inches. 


m. 


520 

2,852 

4,490 

26,380 

13,760 

13,240 

3,600 

910 

360 

520 

1,170 

1,040 


360 

360 

1,040 

1,450 

3, 440 

3. 760 

1,040 

320 

250 

215 

250 

400 

215 


440 

665 

1,420 

4,163 

6, 532 

8,063 

1,638 

626 

304 

265 

451 

497 


27,055 

36,932 

87,312 

247.716 

401,637 

479, 782 

100,717 

38,491 

18,089 

16, 294 

26,836 

30, 559 


0.25 

.38 

.82 

2.39 

3.7fi 

4.63 

.94 

.36 

.17 

.15 

.26 

.29 

1.20 


0.29 
.40 




.95 




2.67 
4.32 




5. 16 

1.08 




.42 


T 


.19 




.17 


r 


.29 


r 


.33 






3 year 


26, 380 


2,089 


1,511,420 


16.27 



TULE RIVER NEAR PORTERSVILLE, CAL. 

aging station is located about 8 miles east of Portersville, at a 
ist below the wagon bridge near the McFarland ranch and 
mile above the mouth of the South Fork oi T\x\e> ^\\^v. TVv^e^ 




STREAM MJEASUREliENTB ttf mi2, FAST IV . 



[SKJ. ft. 



Station was estabJifihed Apnl 18, 190 U The gage rod is situated on 
the right bank of the river 1(K> feet below the bridge. The zero of tk 
gage is 8 feet f:)elow a spike driven into a large cotton wood tree. Tlw 
observer is Adah McFarlaiid. 

H Discharge mvagurmieHt* of Tttle Riv^ near PortentmUm, Ctd. 



DB.te. 


' 


1^1 


niKttiifgiv 


twit, 

Jtiiu-:^H 

Febmnry 5 . * * - _ - - ^ . , 


S, Q, B«niu?tt . 


.9i 


IIS 

la 


March 8 -^.- 


do ...,,--. . 


156 


May 13 ... 


,. .do 


ITl 


Octobers ___________ 


L. M. Lawsfm -^.,^-,.^. 


IS 



I>art7^ ^oj^ hm^t^ in feet^ of 7^e Mwer near Portwr^v^U/^ €ah 



D»y. 



Juih 



Feb. 



l^r 



Apr. 



May J June. 



Julj. 



A 01, 



Sept., 



<X^t 



NtnT.iDet 



11... 

A.. 



tJMe. 






i.as 

1.35 

i.a& 
i.aij 
i.m 
urn 
hm 
i.»i 
l:» 
tm 

1.441 

i.ati 
i.as 

1.30 

i.JSi 

1.40 

t^o 

1.35 

1.% 

] iQ 

1.40 
l.-iO 
1.40 
IM 

1.3& 



1.% 

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1.4U 
1.40 

i.m 

1.40 
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i.m 

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1.% 

h4<» 
1.40 

l.w 

1.40 
1,45 
J.HU 
LBll 
£.(J(I 
1,15 

hm 

1.85 
4.SD 
4.40 
£.70 



9.40 
4.40 
L>.8D 
S.«> 
S.39 

a. go 

£.30 

aon 
}*.m} 
±m 
i.m 

S.4U 

2. MO 
IS.UO 

2.m 

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2,40 

%m 

£J« 

3,00 
3.1(1 
£,00 

s.ao 

2M 



a. 70 

£.tig 
2,70 

i») 

4.00 
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JI.40 

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a. 10 

3,30 
3.^ 
B.4() 
3. a) 
3.70 

a.ai 
s.no 
aru 
2.m 

i.Hfi 

S.0O 

£,90 
S.fiO 



8.00 

a. no 

S.80 

±m 
zm 

^.90 
H.OO 
3.(11 
3.10 
3.01) 
3.05 
3.00 
a. 00 
3.0D 
a 00 
:^.a5 



2.m 
s.ao 
a. 70 
g.do 
2.m 
a. 00 

3.5ri 

£,4ij 
:f.3D 

;?.% 

2.dU 
SJ5 

s.io 
a. 10 
s,ao j s.re 
t.m I 3,00 

170 I 1.90 



£.M1 
£.(^ 
2.76 

B.OO 
3.00 

J Lao 



l.rto 

1,80 
1,75 
LT5 
1.71} 
L70 
1,05 
l.iiO 
l.dO 



1.00 

tse 

1.&6 
1.65 

I. GO 
LSO 
L50 
1.46 
l.W 
1.40 
1.^ 

i.m 

l.W 
1J#J 
1.S5 
L!30 

lao 



tM 
l.W 
1.10 
1,0H 
LIB 
LUTi 
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i.m I i.oi; 
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1.^1 I 1,0^ 



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1,01 

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1,00 
1,00 
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L70 
1,10 

1.1^ 

l.»0 

i.a» 



i.w 

1,18 

us 

MR 
1.16 
1.15 
M5 
M5 
1.40 
2JI) 
1,711 

i.m 

1.47 

i.io 

i i.aj| 

I l-l-iS I 
1.35 i 
L7I! I 
1.56 I 
l.AO I 

L4iJ I 

1.40 I 

i.m ' 

\/3ft 
1, 3d 

1 05 
1,36 

\ 



tm 

VM 

L« 
l.« 
I.* 
LI 
IS 
iS 
t» 
1.9 
1,0) 
l.lft 
^.^ 
IM 
l.SU 

1.45 
L44 
L43 
l.*i 
1.4!! 
1,41 
}M 
IM 
IM 
1-50 
1.4* 
1.4fi 
1,43 



."WELL.] 



SAN FBAN0I80O BAT DBAINAGE BASIN. 



158 



Rating table far Tule River near Portersvilley CaL.for 1909, 



Oacre 
heiSht. 


DtochATge. 


h^lgEt. 


Discharge. 


Ga^ 
height. 


Discharge. 


he^t. 


Discharge. 


F.H. 


iecond-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


1 

1 Feet. 


Second-feet. 


0.7 


9 


1.7 


93 


2.7 


298 


3.7 


685 


.8 


11 


1.8 


109 


2.8 


324 


3.8 


770 


1 .9 


U 


1.9 


126 


2.9 


351 


3.9 


875 


1 1.0 


18 


2.0 


144 


3.0 


379 


4.0 


980 


1.1 


23 


2.1 


168 


3.1 


408 


4.1 


1,085 


1.2 


3() 


1 2.2 

1 


183 


3.2 


440 


4.2 


1,195 


1 1.3 


39 


I 2.3 


204 


3.3 


475 


4.3 


1,305 


1 ^'^ 


51 


2.4 


226 


3.4 


515 


4.4 


1,415 


1.5 


64 


2.5 


249 


3.5 


560 


4.5 


1,525 


1.6 


78 


2.6 


273 


3.6 


615 







Estimated monthly discharge of Tule River near Portersville, Cal. 
[Drainage area, 437 square miles.] 



Month. 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Mazlniiun. 



Minimum. 



Mean. 



Total in acre- 
feet. 



Run-off. 



Second-feet 

persQuare 

mile. 



Depth in 
inches. 



1902. 

annary 

ebrnary ... 

arch 

pril 

»y 

ne _ - . 



ly 

igust 

ptember 
tober _ . . 
tvember. 
cember . 



The year . 



51 

1,415 

2,735 

4,615 

408 

324 

78 

23 

17 

93 

144 

204 

4,615 



84 

45 

144 

249 

273 

78 

2(5 

18 

14 

14 

27 

45 

14 



45 

159 

362 

571 

343 

190 

43 

21 

15 

24 

50 

62 

157 



2,767 

8,830 

22,259 

33,977 

21,090 

11,306 

2,644 

1,291 

893 

1,476 

2,975 

3,812 

113,320 



0.10 



1.31 
.79 
.43 
.10 
.05 
.03 
.05 
.11 
.14 

.36 



0.12 
.87 
.96 

1.46 
.91 
.48 
.12 
.06 
.03 
.06 
.12 
.16 

4.85 



154 



Thifli 



6TftEAM MKAHUEEME^l^ Uf 1902, PAITT fV, 



E£BN RIVER NEAK BAKERSFIELD, CAL. 




!Tiifl citation, oHtubLigbiKi in 189U by Walter Jones, chief en^oeer of 
the Kero County Larnl Company, m lociited at what m known as Firsi 
Point of Measinvment, 5 mtlen almve Hakersfi^^ld and &t the montli 
of the canyon of the HvRr. MiscellaueouH inet^r measurements are 
taken, and an antoinat ic gage n^conls daily f1tii.?tuaiiona of the nrer 
hei^htH, A. K^ Warren, this engineer la charge of thhs work for the 
Kern County Lanti Company, atUnidi^ to the discharge measuremetita 
wtih accuraeyand precii^kuii ami furnisher the G^ologiciil Surrey wilt 
the final renultn. 

Daily diM^harffe, in netotid'/fii » of Kem River ntfintt p&ini of meatmrement. 



O^- 



'<-^ -# « LIJ J'Ml* 



I-—- - 

f ^ 

!_..„. 

iu 

; »"- 

1 1'— 

10.. 

If.. 

14- 

W. ^ ^^ I 



J«ii. Pub. Hkf, Apr. Mar J^n&W'^J^oly^ AnffJBept Oct. .NorJOetL 



m 






»1 



ft-. 






am 


m 


£^ 


154 


374 


:^ 


^ 


i^ 


274 


S&4 


as 


aat 


£»a 


ifSd 


tf« 


an 


£« 


aao 


94 


»e 


fltt 


£&T 


ne 


&w 


m 


m9 


SS] 


mi 


sr7» 


3j« 


liM5 


37* 


27i 


W71 


&Vi 


i.^ai 


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1.4St 


wm 




m 




m 








• I 



n 

m 

7m 

mt 

7m 

7TO 

1^ 
eifis 

w* 
im 

Tns 

TBI 

7B» 
7^ 
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084 

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SKI 
T3& 



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1, 401 

htm 

3,«77 
£,»!! 

2,Hfrr 
i<^r> 

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um& 

:;, 150 

i.Ttrr 
t|h»4 

I 1.447 
1 4IM 

I ^'^^ 
I 1..155 



X,3t» t,Il4 
3fjll^ I V1M0 



«,7as 

2,755 
sr,4<ri 
S,313 

2J«9 mi 



7»1 
T40 
747 

im 

7]i 
lad 

ni 

HA 
fj75 



3. Ill* 
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l,^ltJ 

1,431 
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51 ft ! 

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44tU 

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UK 
»7» 

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ser 

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iftbi 



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it» 

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£14 



910 
196 
Wti 

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1»3 
1)M 
1»7 

son 

ITU 
ITO 
1T» 



S41 



1S4 
180 

im 
17^ I an 

us I B4» 

isr tm 
m> in 



IM 
1S5 

100 

lee 

11U 

lOT 
SOU 
^14 
S37 

^m 

£39 L 



»4j» 



£73 



£81 

313 

ai5 
SfTT 






m 



314 



£72 



2Sl 
987 






8AK FBANGI8G0 BAY DBAINAGfi BA8IK. 



156 



fUmated monthly discharge of Kern River at first point of measurement, 
[Drainage area 2,345 aquare miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 
7 



iry 



t..-- 
iber 

T.. . 

iber. 
ber . 



rhe year . 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Mazinmm. 



821 

1,828 

2,029 

3,758 

2,405 

3,096 

1,354 

453 

232 

292 

413 

346 



8,758 



I 



Minimum. 



242 
243 
601 



Mean. 



Total in acre- 
feet 



1,375 
1,235 
453 
205 
174 
161 
225 
231 



161 



288 
371 
790 
799 I 1,805 



r^fia I 



1,787 
2,165 
706 
312 
197 
199 
281 
269 



Second-feet 
per square 



17,401 

20,604 

48,575 

107,405 

109,878 

128.826 

43,410 

19,184 

11,722 

12,236 

16, 721 

16,540 



764 552,502 



Run-off. 



Depth in 
inches. 



0. 12 ' 
.16 
.34 
. 77 
.76 I 
.92 
.30 
.13 ' 
.08 
.09 
.12 
.11 



0.14 
.17 
.89 
.86 
.88 

1.03 
.35 
.15 
.09 
.10 
.13 
.13 



4.42 



SAN JOAQUIN RIVER AT HERNDON, CAL. 

3 Station was established in 1879 by the engineering department 
Southern Pacific Company. The river bed at this point is com- 
of small gravel and shifting sand. Because of the continual 
es in the cross section, which were increased by a side channel 
ing through the gravel pits on the left bank of the river just 
the gaging station, meter measurements were discontinued at 
•ation at the end of 1901. 

river stage record for 1902 has been furnished by William Hood, 
engineer of the Southern Pacific Company. G. G. Nelson was 
•server. 



156 STREAM MMAM:^&M£Jn& Cf 1»L 


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Miscellaneous nieasurenients in San Francisco Bay drainage basin. 



Date. 



1902. 
Sept.© 
22 



Stream. 



Location. 



Gatfe j Dis- 
heignt.: charge. 



Feci. 



Sacramento Upiier Soda Creek, Castle Crags. 

do Upper Bairds station 



Ser.-fett- 
I 15. I> 

2S6.n 



24 McCloud I Vanardsdale clubhouse, 1 mile above S<iuaw 1.325.0 

I I Creek. 

ttS.O 



24 I Squaw Creek ' Squaw Creek Bridge, Vamirdsville road . 



Total McCloud l/SStU) 

23 do I Hirze Mountain 1,272.0 

25 do. ' Baird post-office, U. S. fisheries. I,a56.0 

17 Pit I Bridge above mouth of Fall River 208.0 

16 do ' Fall River at bridge, Fall River MilLs ■ 1,543.0 

16 do I Hat Creek at bridge, Carbon post'K)ffico SS^.O 

15 do I At Pecks Bridge ; 2,.%0.0 

15 I do Bumey, 4 mile below falls j 209.0 

Jf7 L do j Squaw Creek near moutli, CoppviY C\\^' L ' I^.O 

27 .....do I Silverthorn Ferry, Copper C\t7 \- - ^,^«fe.^ 

U I Sacramonto j Balls Ferry Bridge \ _^:^^ 



SAK FBANOISOO BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 



157 



ineous meftsurements in San Francisco Bay drainage basin — Continued. 



Stream. 



Sacramento . 
.. -do 



-do. 



Location. 



i Oase Dis- 
I height.! charge. 



Ft'et. 



Peather, North Pork. 



...do. 



.-do- 



.-..do. 

....do. 

....do. 

....do. 
....do. 
-...do. 

...do. 
....do- 



do- - 

Feather. Middle Fork. . 
....do 



.do. 



Feather, South Pork . 
...do 



....do. 
....do. 



Cache Creek . 



Battle Creek Bridge, near Balls Ferry 

Ditch, Battle Creek, Balls Perry Flour Mills : 

Total Battle Creek 

Sacramento 

East Branch, Hamilton Bridge, Big Mead- \ 

OWB. 

Big Spring Branch, 1 mile below boathouse, ' 
Big Meadows. | 

West Branch, J mile below bridge, Bunnell , 
Hotel, Prattville. | 

Iron bridge near Meadow View Hotel, J mile ' 
below junction of east and west branches. | 

Dotta or Lower Big Spring, near mouth Big j 
Meadows. | 

Bidwell's sawmill, lower end of Big Mead- ' 
ows. i 

Butt Valley Creek, near Butt Valley Hotel . . 

Indian Valley at bridge, lower end of valley . 

Spanish Creek at "Pocket Bridge," lower ' 
end of American Valley , near Quincy , Cal. i 



a7.22 



Huflf Bar,Big Bend 

Big Bend Tunnel, above Huff Bar. 



Total Big Bend 

West Branch, 30() feet above Yankee Hill 
Bridge. 



Above mouth of Nelson Creek 

Nelson Creek, just above mouth. 

Total IkjIow Nelaon Croek. . 

At mouth 

In Little Gra.s8 Valley 

At Enterprise 



Sec.-fert. 

813.0 

27.0 

SiO.O 

5,848.0 

163.0 

64.0 
327.0 

607.0 

109.0 

669.0 

27.0 
22.0 
28.0 

fida.O 
315.0 

910.0 
27.0 



50.0 
33.0 



Palermo canal at EntcTi'^iHti . 
Bidwell Bar 



Total I 

Yolo Bridge, 5 miles from Wootllands i 1.4 



Yuba, North Fork Bay Counties Power Co.'» flume, bt^low dam . 

do i Below Bay Counties Power Co.'s dam ' 



Yuba, Middle Fork.— 



Total 

\ mile below Delhi mine. 



.-do ' 300 feet below Freemans Bridge . 



Yuba, South Fork i North Bloomfleld ditch at North Columbia, 

water from Bowman*^ reservoir. 



...do. 



-.do. 



Eureka Lake Co.'s ditch. North Columbia, 
water from French and Faucherie lakes. 

Edwards Bridge 



do Bridgeport Bridge - 

do - Excelsior Miningand Irrigation Co /h canal, 

Pleasant Valley. 

Total 

Yulia Above bridge, 4 milas below Smartsville . . . 



92.0 

215.0 

l.O 

1.0 



30.0 
216.0 



246.0 
56.0 



221.0 
2.0 



223.0 

52.0 

64.0 

7.0 

9.0 

50.0 



55.0 
32.0 



87.0 
487.0 



''eatbor Bureau f^/^o. Highest water mark, 28.0 feet Docom\>eT "Kl A^Jft', Vi^e^'V^Xwc 
ot October as, iHTMi. 



Fl58 



BTBEAM MEABUREMEJffTS TK IMS, PART IV- 



I 



MiiiceMafieouM meaMvrentJrnttt in San Frunmmifi Ba^ draimtge bustn—Ctmtin 



DftU. 



Ang» 



M 



r* 



mremm. 






,do _ 



Anuartcwi, i^onJi Fork. 
,„,do „„,„.... 



.do- 



AmuvrtcAiL, Kiddle FVirk. 



.do. 
.do. 



.„>da ., 



.do. 



AuaJHTkao, North Fork . 

.„_.ao_ ...,.„„ 



,do. 



.do. 



American, South FV>rk . 



.do, 
-do. 



.„ do. 

..,.do. 
„..do- 
„.-do. 



hac^Ucm. 



Jteigai 



Be]<ii^ dam of SVmtb Tuba Water Cn^ . . . 
Old mining rlitch. \ iufl(? b«low Hn&dworkn. 

Total flow month of Qreenhom BItst. 
Old mlnlDBT ditcht near ATibum. ...... 



£rxi f«N3t above lowtk Hill road bridge 

Botitb Yuba Wiit«r Co.'» tj«*w power 
i mile tiorthwfifit of Colfax. 

Total flow □earOoUax ._^^.__^^ 
*# mllefi ftbovo Auburn .... 



RabicOD, dUOfoet aboro jiinctloii with Mld^ 

dlt5 Pork. 
aCX) feet itboTe Juiintloa with Rubicon ^..... 

North Fork of , SOO ffitat ftboTt* Jonctiou with 
Mlddb Fork. 

Miniuff ditrb itnkam water from North 
Fork of MxddUi Fork >. 

TotKl flow lielow JuDotiou of Hiddlff 
Fork. 

Jtmtabovo mdnth ,—.,*.. 

BelowJanGlion of Nortb aud Middle forks 

Ncnr Hbik^s plaofi, fi miles above mouth t>f 

South Fork. 
Nor t h Pork L^ual * u^iar Ft>lBom „^„,„^,_^ 



b luilcw nb^^vB mouth of South Pork, 
Mluk 



.do. 
.do. 
.do. 

.do. 



.._do.... ._.. 

MokiiilumiiB, North Fork 
Mf)k(«liixuiir% Middli'! Farlit 
Mokcluuinn^Snutb Fork 



,do. 






Hokfiilumue , 
-.,rf<j, 



100 feat above RiTertou stouo bridge. 

i^uth Fork of Bilver Creek»^il> fi?et above 

mouth, 
Bilv<?r CYLH^k^ Ifil) feet iilKive juiii^tion witli 

8<tQtb Fork of Silvor CYi^efc. 

Total flow l»ekiw junctiou with South 
Fork 
Plaf.*r^'llk^ ditch, 1 inllu fmui Pm.'ifii; pNWt- 

Cbillie Bftr Bridgfj, 'i mil*^ from Pla^errllk 

Big CftuytfU at junctiou with St>tith Pork 

AtChillieBar ...... .._. .„.. 

NatomA ditch, Natotna Vinery hfd Co.^b 
l&t«ral. 

Natoma diloh, Blu^ Ravluu luino *.*^, 

Near rnouth. '^ lulh^n fitu hvn F^sIhoiti 

Natoiua dltrh^ luilow iliitn lit 8iilun>ti Falh> . 

Nt*trn" Hill <-iinHl, W^I^w diiin at Salmon 
FallH. 

2 mil^ abti v« tu< mth 

I mll« ab* ive bridj^*i*H ntsir Wt^st Pi Jint 

Inf} ftMst Ixslow brtd^^c, m^ar Wr'.Ht Point 

Ditch 2 mflcfi swmth»^jiHt of Fort. Mmintain^ 
*'Bi^TreeflqQJadrani<k\"' 

Mokf^lnmnu 4it*"hT 1 mil*'' br^lnw Konth Fork 
Bridge iu flumn -"VOf) rt-et ln*k^w bend-ipfttfl. 

Standaril dltt-b flumi' N*i, -tU, m^itr EIfn tni.. 
Auiftdcir dlti*b, \u ttwuvf \\ ^iitvvV*^ ^^^*^^^^ 
Elouini, 



F%et 






KwiLLj SAN FBANCI80O BAY DRAINAGE BASIN. 159 

Mitcellaneaua meamirement8 in San Francisco Bay drainage iHtnin — Continned. 



Dite. 
Ang. U 



Stream. 



Jjocation. 



hoigbt. 



Dis- 
charge. 



Mokelonme 500 feet above Standard Electri<* C'o.'a 

power house, Electra. 

do ; From Standard power house 



Feft. Sec-feet 
! 61.0 



Total 

do I i mile below Lancha Plana dam 

do ' CampoSeco,i mile below old dam 

do I Clements at road bridge 

do ] Bridge at Woodbridge, Cal 

do I Woodbridge canal, 100 feet below headworkH 

do ' do 



13 

15 

U 

12 

121 

16 I 

16 Stanislaus, North Fork 



.1 San Antonio Creek, just below mouth of 
I Big Trees Creek. 



19 

22 

20 



-do Old Milton (now Angels) ditch, in flume 

I below headworks. 

.do I Below intake. Angels ditch 



"C 



; Total L 

do j Mill Creek, 30 foet below junction of Love L 

and Morau creoks. i 

ClarksFork at mouth [. 

Below mouth of ClarksFork '. 

Above mouth of Clarks Fork i 



StaMislaus, Middle Fork 

.....do 

do 

Stanislaus, South Fork. 



Canal, Tuolumne Elcnitric Power (>>., near ' 
intake ( takes all of South Fork ) . | 

do i Soulsby ditch, branch of Tuolumne Electric '. 

I Co. canal, 50 feet above main ditt^h. | 



Stanislaus . 

.....do 

....do 



Below Colliers . 
Abbotts Ferry . 
Parrotts Ferry. 



0.6 I 



.do. 
.do. 



do 

do 

do 

do 

Tuolumne, North Fork 



Robinsons Ferry 

Ditch near Robinsons Ferry . 



Tuolumne . 



.do. 



»1 . Tuolumne, Middle Fork. 



27 

27 

ept. 2 



I 




Tuolunme, South Fork . 
Tuolumne 



Total 

Stanislaus Water Co. canal. Flume No. H . . . 

Stanislaus Water Co. canal, Ik^Iow intake .. 

J mile below Knights Ferry 

Oakdale, i mile aliove railroad liridge 

In flume of Gold win Mining Co. , all of water 
of North Fork. 

Cherry Creek, ju.nt l>olow Lake Eleanor 
trail crossing. 

Eleanor Creek, 1 mile below trail crossing. . 

Below bridge on road from Cro<:kers to Hog 
ranch. 

UpiHjr end Hetch Hetrhy Valley 



Rancheria Creek, head of falls, J mile .'V)nth- 
t^ast of trail. 

Till-Till Creek, just ul>ove junction Ran- 
cheria Cn»ek. 

Falls Creek, IHH) feet alK)vo junction with ; 
Tuolumne. 

Lower end Hetch Hetchy Valley 

i mile above junction with South Fork 

i mile alx)ve mouth 



2s55 feet above falls, lower end TwolumTivN 
Meadows. 



ao.o 

81.0 
67.0 
126.0 
65.0 
83.0 
40.0 
29.0 
8.5 



67.0 



1.0 



ig.SB i.,...^o / Wards Ferry, »H) feot Ah5\ow bridgo . 



68.0 
2.0 

58.0 
126.0 
73.0 
54.0 

16.0 

198.0 
170.0 
168.0 

158.0 
12.0 

170.0 
129.0 
154.0 
166.0 
125.0 
6.0 

6.0 

4.4 

3.0 

66.0 
7.0 

0.5 

4.0 

89. 
152.0 
20.0 
23.0 



160 



8TEEAM HEAStrHEMEieTS IN IW^, PA£T TV. 




MmetJiauemm meoM^remeHim im ikiM FruHci^ea Bag drainaifm fw^'i*— Oanttmi^, 






r, 



m 



I 



Auk ») 

m 
n 

I 
1 

4 


A 


H 

m 
m 
m 



IS 
IB 



.do 

.da 
.do 






--do. 



.ao- 



Woodft€^v«tk« ijir^9Qiiiril3« .__.^^^^„^-.-. 

LA«nui«« ditJ^h and Hydrmolk MlniggOtfc, 

cKSftl AhariA lAgnmgii!* dam. 

TkjltIoc'Ie cAtioL iLt ftAt» irber« eiili&] Ifia^tsi 
li««fl works tuniiBl. 






la) fi<iet 



Abo?f^ Ji^iuctlciQ witli mUaiieUe 



llffer««kd, South Fork . 
M«trc«Ml« North Fork . 

Menwd .*. 

,,.. do. ..,.,„„ 



...do. 
...4o_ 

„.do. 



a«ii Joaqnlii _ 

,„„dn. 

do _...... 



do. 

MowfitTroek ,,. ..„ 

Han JMHiiiiiit E^outb Fork 
Bi^CnMik 



Han Ji iaqiiiii,Nortll Fork 



t!an Joaquin . 

do .„...-. 

-.,do 

.....do. 

.....do,.. 



.,...do. 



TotAl mbOTe Intaka. elec^tlic pmrw 
runnel* Tf^smil^ Valley. 

BHflo] Veil C>v«sk. QU F&rd«k Iwlftw liridco , , 

B*^tnw baiMIni^at Wawnoa ,^^^ 

At Jiinetion .....*.„„. . , ^„.__,^ 

BnntoQ Millie poverbnuflft, tn flutoft^ _...„. 



KiMgjKnrthFOTk, 

.....dej-....^ . . 

.„.do.. , 

_„dc»-. ........... 

Ehig, Middle- Fork. 
do..... 



'/-- 



Hf«rf<««hr« Bend, WO fet.tt Iwlow old mupQii- 
ninn bridge 

1 H!il*ab»v«3 Mertwd Falle^.,^, ..._....^. 

MisroedFftlK l.<i«feet lNUr-*w dam 

tHteh twlow power Imasii* Mf^fv*?*! FbUa 

Croekt'T Hoflftiiftti CAnAl, nt nmui l>Hd|re,3 

Oranite CnLH^k, \W t^^t bek>w lOiecp liridg^^. 

3II» fwt beWw junctiuii witli Jb^k^w (.Yeefc. 

JackAw Crwjfc* 5()r<?et aboT*^ juoctloD with 
t^n Joaquin. 

llHdle Furk,aJOf«et Mlwivti Milliwr Bridge. . 

At lowest tTall trru^ini^ , . . . , ,,._..... 

Trail cronstnjyt fpt>iii Mtmii U> I*liie Ridge ,., 

Dam sittv lowi.^r end tif valley, Invil from 
Mono to Pine RUlgi?, 

CaubL utn^er^oiF In fluiuoiiLhiwi/ ihU&ii Jo»- 
ciuiu i^rwer house. 

B*'<k>w B«n Joaciuin electrii; power ItoilSij... 

PdUa^ky^ north ot pavilion _........ „ 

Henidoi^ Ht ruod bridiio ._._ 

Below dam , at H'^nJotJS, . „ 

Miller bnd Lux »?anal, amall dam intake 

No, :i. 

Miller and Luac L'anal, at (rraual hriUiji* Ko.S. 6. 1 

Diiikej Cpt*ek, 75 feot below old bridge^ 

riftati Okenden to L^urt*! i >e*?k, 

ItO pardHabfiTe trail rn»*«iii^^ 1 mUn from .......^ 

Cliff t^amp. , 

BtiBr Cri^pk {estimated) ........_> .«-^L.._..,. 

DeerOreek f«stJtimt^D __[......,. 

Blue Canyon Creek. ^^„. ._„,.„, ._., 

Crown Creek ..._._ 






ISOLfi 

2l#: 



4^^ 



liL« 



lH.tt 



a© 

I 



io 
II 

do 
mn 
ro 

WQ 
tuo 

mo 

mo j 

Kill ] 
lOT.fl 

mo.o 

SCLO 

as 

TJ 

IJ 
I, ft 

10 



WKLL-1 



SAN FBAK0I8CO BAT DRAINAGE BASIN. 



161 



Iiisct*Uaiieoua measurementa in San Prancisco Bay drainage basin — Continned. 



Date. 



19U». 



?7l 

:*) 

10 
315 
29 

29 



Stream. 


I--^-- h^t. 


Dis- 
charge. 


King, South Pork 

do 


Feet. 

BnbbsCreelclOOyardsabove Junction with ' 

South Fork. j 

100 yards below trail 4 mile above junction 


Sec.-feet. 
82.0 

».o 




^bSTcreek. ^* ^ 

Total below mouth of Bubbe Creek. . . 










61.0 


do 


Granite Creek, fiO yardfl above bridge on \ 

trail crossing. 

Sheep Creek, just above old hotel (enti- ! 


0.7 


do 


2.0 


do 


mated). 
Roaring River, at trail crofwing 




10.0 


King, North Pork 


1 inilft RbnvA month 




36.0 


K^iTIg 


Big Creek, just above m<^Tith 




0.5 


do 


At Red Mountain gaging station . ... 


4.0 


217.0 


..do 


78 canal, near head works. Trimmer Springs 
crossroad. 

road. 
Fowler Switch canal 


31.0 


do 


2.0 


do 


121.0 


do 


0.0 


do 


Kingsburg canal, Trimmer Springs cross- 
road. 
At bridge, 1 mile north of Reedley 




5.0 


do 


74.0 


do 


Kingsburg, below wagon-road bridge 




117.0 


Kaweah, North Fork 


Lower end of Davis ranch 




4.0 


Kaweah, East Fork . .. 


Moxmt Whitney Power Co.'s flume 




18.0 


do 


i mile above headworks. Mount Whitney 
Power Oo.'s flume. 

»0 feet below junction diversion. Mount 
Whitney Power Oo.'s flume. 

Marble Fork, 100 yards above junction 
with Middle Fork. 

100 3rards below trail crossing from Sol- 
diers Camp to Tar Gap. 

100 yards above junction with Marble Fork. 

8 mil«i above Three Rivers 




15.0 


do.... 


15.5 


Kaweah, Middle Fork. . . 


4.0 
U.O 


1 

1 do 


20.0 


do 


31.0 


do 


i mile above Sequoia National Park line . . . 




31.0 


..do 


do 




29.0 


Kaweah, South Fork.... 
..do 


Horse Creek at lower end of Hackett 
Meadow. 

200yards above bridge on road from Lemon 
Cove to Three Rivers. 

Sequoia National Park line, Cahoon's 
place. 

Near lower end of sand meadows 




1.0 
7 


do 


8 


do 


2.0 


Kaweah 


i mile above iron bridge 




33.0 


Tule, Middle Fork 

do 


East Mount Moses near headworks Doyle 
Power ditch. 

Above headworks Doylo Power ditch 




2.6 
14.0 




Trail crossing near junction East Fork 






do 


24.0 


Tule, East Fork . . 


100 yards above junction with Middle Fork. 

Total below junction of Middle and 
East forks. 

Trail crossing from Nelsons to Indian Res- 
ervation. 

Tom Wheaton's ranch 




15 






do 

Tule, South Fork 


39.0 
10.0 
3.0 


do 


« miJes below Indian Agency, 50 var^ 


\ ••• 


I '^.^ 



above crossroads. 



IBB 8s — o:^ 



-11 



162 STHEAM MEASUREMENT® llf 1002, PART IT- b 

MmifJlanjffotm measurements in San Fmncimio Ba^ draitmge Ijo^n — OontinT 



Dftt». 



Btifftm. 



Jjoomtkm. 



0«» I 
]ic@fctJ, chi 



Oct, 

,Ctet. a 

I ; 

B 
8 



T«ile, Nortli Fork .--..., At Junction wltli 

Tnle, Scmtb Fork -i KcAr montli 

.^...do., ^__^(-^^^.do 



rlTisr ^ 



r 



Ttalo. ....... .... ...».*..-' HeFarlaniJ^ Brid r@. ^ miUs eoat of Fcirt«n^ 

I YlUe. 

.d(}...M«^*4«.^-^*4.-- Ptonet-r c'hqaI intJiJt^ ..„ ,*— ^*», 

*d<^ .... ..........*..«.- 1 Flonoer niiiAL 1 mtle below head gAtd ...... 

1 milH' hi^Iiiw intake Pioneer i^niiJ, 

Piotiwr ''-adaL Port^r^Tillo Cimn^ gfCfW^ 
no waU^r ii4wm1 for hTijfstlrni. 

Little Koru. KU fn^'dfi nbot^ Jmunlon wltlx 
North Fork. 

lOD ymrds abov* Little K«rn_ ,,_.k_ ,, , 




Total - 



..4Cfr..................r.^ T3liil*»t'On ditch, road croRsinff Ui Hot 

. -do .. _.._._.. ^^ . .^^ Uppt*r Murphy ditch. entrnnc« to weir 

, dio ............. ^ ! Stafford Jb Neil ditch at old brtdgo baclE 

I of yhurcli. 

..dQ,_,___^ ■ Bnnini^r ditch, jiaat a^bove dairy 

.do 

-do,- ., 



Wa&t GhanncL point dlver«lcm, Rem Blvfa* 
Power Vo. 

Gen1«r cbiiiin«l. pi^iint dirftrsion, Kem 
RiTfiv Powflv tV>. 

£At)t tibanojel, i*rjltit dlv^twoii, Kern Rirer 
Power Co. 



Total . 



-do._,„_ ,„_....' imLlo aixjTo month of Salmon, 

Balmon and TtibiHa rri^C'k>4. 



betw^n 



.da. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.d0. 



..,.do- - , 

Kern South Pijo-k.. 
K«m. North Fork. 

.,*.do.. .,,.....„.. 

Sers 

.„.do. . 



Salmon Creek, M\ jtvrda alnivti j auction 
with Eem. 

I mile above s^gitig Htatioo, Keru Hiror 
Power Co. 

SJUjardi^ below waiJ^jn bridge, InhItkiIIii, to 
Kemvillt. 

Hfxjptir dit*.'h at wagon bridw^e. I^ilMiUa to 
KernTille, 

BtafFord A Neil ditijh, jnBt abiivo flume in 
gnlch. 

Lower Stafford ditch ..... , „ 

Above jnni-'ttjm with Kern _ , „ 



Str 



Lowtjr Mun^hy ditr-h, irt yards alxjveWfll- 
don orij83rtmdu. 



Bennett & KeJlpy ditoh, 
eroafiroail^. 



ii»>iv«* Weldon 



7 L.,^ 



sou yardfl bolow junction. North and South 
forkn. 

I mile above jjf>Wi.^r lionw, Kctti Rivwr 
Power Co. 

.dd-..-,— ...... Below Clear Croek _,......._.__._.. 

.di>.... ! degirCrovk iit mouth .., 

, »dq^ ,...,-.....,.,.r I mile Jjelow pjwsr Ijiin-w^ at mouth of r^an- 

{ ion. 
..do_ , ._ ^^Firstpolnt of meiuturement". . ., . 

,d&... ^..... Democrat Bpringfi at cable Ed isoin Electrk: 

Co. 
.do j Pw3p*T«©dMt4fl of 'Editciti \itnweT \il^\&»&\»'Sjaw 



\- 



•\ 



ntnL] 8TBEAM MEASUKEMENTS IN 1902, PART IV. 163 

SOUTHERN CAIilFORNIA J>RAINAC;E. 

Under the head of Southern California drainajre have In^en included 
data concerning the streams of that part of the St>ate south of the San 
Joaquin Basin. There are thus included the Mohave, which flows from 
the mountains north of San Bernardino into the Mohave Desert, a por- 
tion of the Great Interior Basin, as well as those flowing toward the 
wuth or southwest, whose waters, in times of floo<l at least, i each the 
^acific Ocean. 

Arroyo Seco rises on the eastern slope of the Santa Lucia Moun- 
ains and flows east and empties into Salinas River at Soledad, Cal. 

San Lorenzo Creek drains the western slopes of the Gavilau Moun- 
ains and enters Salinas River near King City, Cal. There is a roser- 
oir and dam site 5 fniles above its mouth. The flood waters are used 
or winter irrigation. Salinas River drains into the Paciflc through 
ionterey Bay. 

llie drainage basin of San Gabriel River lies on the southern slope 
f the Sierra Madre, being included in Los Angeles County, Cal. 
'he various tributaries join the river before it enters its lowest can- 
on, whence it appears finally on the plain in the vicinity of Azusa. 
Tie seepage waters of this valley appear lower down in the river and 
inally enter the Pacific Ocean not far from the mouth of Los Angeles 
tiver. All of the surplus waters of this stream are now used for 
rrigation purposes, and it is only an occasional flood that passes the 
^ng station. 

Santa Ana River has its source on the southern slope of the San 
►ernardino Mountains and flows southerly, appearing from its can- 
on 4 miles north of Redlands. Its waters are completely used in 
an Bernardino Valley. At the lower part of the valley the water 
ppears again in the vicinity of Rincon where the river passes through 
comparatively narrow gorge, and the general direction of the stream 
'thence southwesterly, emptying into the l^acific Ocean. 

The headwaters of Mohave River have their source on the northern 
ope of the Sierra Madre. It flows north, finally disappearing in the 
inds of the Mohave Desert. 

The following is a list of the stations in the Southt^rn California 
Painage : 

Arroyo Seco at Pettitt's ranch, near Soledad, Monterey ( V)iiiity, Cal. 
San Lorenzo Creek near King City, Cal. 
San Gabriel River and (-anals at Azusa, C'al. 
Santa Ana River below Wanusprings, Cal. 
Mohave River at Victorvalle, Cal. 

ARROYO SECO AT PETTITT'S RANCH, NEAR SOLEDAD, MONTEREY 

COUNTY, CAL. 

A gaging station was established l)y W. W. Cockins, jr., I)e('om])or, 
00, at Foster's ranch, near Piney post-ofllee, California. The high 
iter of January, 1001, enlarged an old channel, and the gaging sta- 
►n was removed to Pettitt's ranch, 4^ miles bo\o\v. T\\v^. ^v\y\)V>^^ Q.1 
^hlisbing these gating stations was to got U\o mv\x\wv\\\w V\ovi(V C^\^- 
rge and the amoun t of water available for stovagvi . T\i^ \)0\>^ ^w 



164 



8TIIBAH irEASnRKMTCTrre TSf l^E, PA^T TT, 



fBo.ai 



I of the basifi dmiutMl above Pet tilt's ranch is 215 eqitare milefi. Tl«|.. 
foliservt^r in .Mrn. lliaHt^i!* PettitL 

iDfM'hor'gf tm'mnnn'meninQf Arrtfi/o St^o^t pt^iiiWnrancJi near ^oi^sdmi^Mmitmfl 

Vonuffft Cttl, 



DaU^. 



1000 
[Ffl^»rtiary24 
Fubmary tJli 

ApHl:^ 

Jtily m 

AugiiBt 7 

'Novemtw.fr Iti . 

D^'emlioT ;S1 



«j^,, iDi-iw*;;: 




^tilff gtigf hfiyht, in feet, of Anrrrifo Sw/i ttt PitiUtVst ranch ii«ip So^Hlatl, MofiJ^ ' 



mjr. 



J*n. 



.............. 

a- 

4. ,.,,., 

&,-- 

«.....-. 

T.- ,. 

a ,„„,,- 

fl< 

n .-.,, 

ifl .--..„.. 

J*....— 

i« ...».., 

M.,..„,, 

IT. -,.«..-„„ 

XL.... ........ 

s *•. 

«,-..».. 

to..—-,-™. 



fi.H 

^n 
5.» 

$.» 

5l.» 

5.U 

A, a 

A.? 
&4 
5.4 

5.1 
$.« 
9.9 
5.1 



Fob. 






ft. a 

5.» 

h.n 

ft, 7 
5.5 
A, 5 

5,» 
5.(1 
0.4 

flJT 

5.7 

7,4 

fl-S 
8.7 
0.1 
B.1 
K« 
7.« 



*.7 

7. a 
ao 

T, 1 
OJ 

7.» 
7.f* 
7.1 
8.tf 



0.5 I 
fl.4 I 
n.:tl 
B.a ' 
«,« 

5.S 

<Kl 

6J 
«J 

5.i 
4« 



Apr, 


Miiy 


Jtme. 


Jtiir. 


i 


Oct. 


Not. 


D«c. 


10 


ft.T 


5.fi 


5.S 


!.« 


4ut 


LB 


5l£ 


it 


A.U 


5.7 


5,4 


5,1 


9,0 


4.9 


IS 


5.f 


iti 


h.H 


5.7 


5.5 


ft. id 


5.11 


4.^ 


4,K 


fi,£ 


ii 


5,H 


5.7 


5.4 


5.S 


4.V 


4,11 


4.S 


5J| 


11 


5.*^ 


5,7 


5.4 


(J,£ 


5.tl 


4.lt 


4. ft 


5,^ 


ii 


5J< 


5.7 


ft, 4 


5,* 


4J» 


4,« 


4,0 


5.1 


if 


B.I 


5,7 


5.4 


5,S 


4.0 


4,» 


4,« 


5.1 


4t 


a; 


u.O 


5,4 


fi.£ 


4.» 


4.<i 


4.V 


5.1 


u 


a* 


!i,7 


ri.4 


5,» 


i.a 


4. J) 


4.9 


51 


i4 


0.» 


5,0 


5.4 


^.£ 


4.» 


4.« 


4. ft 


7.C* 


Li 


rt,i! 


5.n 


.^.4 


5- a 


i» 


4.« 


4.9 


5.9, 


«iT 


«.55 


G,fl 


5.4 


5,« 


•(.» 


4.H 


4.9 


5.5 


5,1 


«,i 


rj.fl 


.-^.4 


fi.£ 


4. ft 


4. ft 


5.a 


5.21 


5.7 


«ii 


5,« 


5.4 


5,1 


4, If 


4.8 


4.9 


5.4 


U 


e.« 


5,0 


5.4 


r^. I 


4,0 


4.H 


5.0 


1.4 


5.5 


tia 


5,R 


a. It 


,fV. 1 


i.^ 


18 


4, ft 


5^4 


17 


«ji 


5,0 


5,a 


5.1 


4.V 


I.e 


5.0 


5.4 


5.1 


5.i;i 


5.« 


5.B 


5.1 


4,9 


4,8 


4.a 


5.4 


U 


5.M 


li.Ei 


fi.B 


ft-1 


4.« 


4. a 


5.0 


6.4 


U 


5.0 


5.5 


5.B 


5 J 


4,i» 


4. ft 


5.0 


5.4 


L% 


5. ft 


5.5 


6,» 


5.1 


4.0 


, 4-» 


5.0 


£.4 


5.5 


5.» 


ft.fi 


5.» 


5,1 


4.& 


i.$ 


5.0 


5.8 


E,& 


5.ti 


5.5 


6.H 


f>M 


4.11 


4. A 


5.0 


5.8 


5.4 


u,o 


Fi.5 


5.» 


T^M 


4.W 


4,H 


5,8 


6.3 


5.5 


5£l> 


5.5 


5.3 


5,0 


1.0 


4,0 


5.5 


5.S 


5.1 


5.» 


&.ft 


asa 


5,(1 


4. ft 


4.K 


5.4 


5.a 


5 4 


fi.t» 


5.5 


5.» 


5.*J 


4.0 


4,H 


5.S 


5,3 


5.g 


5,» 


(1.5 


ft.!^ 


ilJI 


4.ii 


J.H 


5,fi 


5.a 


5,4 


It* 


5.5 


5.* 


5,0 


4. ft 


4,0 


5.« 


5.3 


5.1 


fe.a 


6.5 


5.£ 


5.0 


4.B 


4.K 


5.3 


ft.B 


5.4 


^4*.«.m 


5.5 





n,ti 


4.11 




&.S 




5.4 



1J= 

u 

1^ 



InwcLL.] 



SOdTHERN CALIFORNIA DRAINAGE. 



165 



I Ai^ihy tMe for Amyyo Seco River at PettUVn ranch near Solrdad, Monterey 
County, CaL.for lUoJ. 



(Hee I 
height, j 

Feet. 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 I 

6.6 I 

I 



Discharge. 


heiglft. 


Se€^md-feet.\ 


Feet. 




6.8 


15 


7.0 


40 


7.2 


75 


7.4 


145 1 


7.6 


230 


7.8 


320 


8.0 


410 


8.2 


510 


8.4 



^^-<^'!,&i. 



Second-feet.^ 

620 1 

750 I 

•890 I 

1,080 I 

1,190 I 
1,360 

1,550 I 

1,750 j 

1.970 i 



heigh 

Feet. 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 
9.2 
9.4 
9.6 
9.8 
10.0 
10.2 



DiHcharge. 


height. 


Sertnid-feet. 


Feet. 


2,200 


10.4 


2,450 


10.6 


2,720 


10.8 


3,010 


11.0 


3.320 


11.2 


3,650 


11.4 


4,000 


11.6 


4, 360 


11.8 


4, 740 


12.0 



DiHchargo. 
Second-feet . 

5.130 
5. 540 
5, 960 

6. ;wo 

6,800 
7, 220 
7, 050 
H. 090 
8,530 



Estimated monthly diacharge of Arroyo Seco at Pettitt's ranch nettr SoJcdad, ^fon- 

terey County, Cat. 

[Drainage area, 215 siiuare iniU'tH. ] 




104.213 



im 



STEKAM MKAS*0REMENTj3 IN l&02| PART IV. 



[Sft>,flSL 



i 

^B SAN LORENZO CREEK NEAR KING CITY, CAL, 

^^A giigi n g HUii uni wan i*.^U\ h\ i i* 1 1 *^d Deee i ti lu^i" U> j 1 9 CMij a 1 1 loUei i lit^^k *» 
rftiiiili. To obtiiiu n roUuble observer it was necessary to niovt^ the 
gliding HUttiun to the Mntlii^ws dniit s^ite one-half mil*? aliove th*^ lial- 
lenlK^ek miK*hoa Novomber, 11*01, The stnmin is veiy Jlashy, anU the 
rating curve for 1903 was completed by taking the cross section and 
8loi>e with a kvel and ealciUating the discharge by the Kutterb for- 

*ula* Thi* oteerver is J, L. Mathews, 
Dim'hapge m^aBuremenU of San Lorenxo Creek near King CUy^ OaL 





D»t<>. 


fiydrognplier. 


isar. 


DJBt'tur«». 




Jaiinary "H 

Ffthrtiary 'H . . - 


8. Q, Beiu3< 

___..ao .., 


M 




0.9 
l.CWJ 


5 








4^ 




AjJTilHn 


.. do ....... 


'-*-- 




s 




Jnly le ... .,. 


H. Hamlin 


1 




d 


lo .._ 




.m 


fl 




K 








H DuU^ gitge heighh in ft€t, of San horen&o Creek 


ncittr ^iitff Citu. CaL 




y i^y 


Jau. 


T.h. 


Hat. 


Apr. 


Oct, 


Not. 


D«c^ 




^. r: 


LO 
LO 


0.11 

L7 
Lft 
L7 
S,» 

is 

LS 
Li 


LI 

ao 

&2 
Li 
L3 
L6 
Lfl 
l.H 
LS 
Lfl 
LS 
Lg 
LI 
l.U 
Lit 
Ltl 
LO 
IA\ 
Ui 

I 

,1* 
J* 
A\ 

,y 

H 


o.» 


LU 
LO 
LO 
LO 
LO 
LO 
1.0 
1.0 
LO 


LO 
IM 

LO 

1.0 

LH 

LO 

L(h 

1.0 

LO 

LO 


LO 




BL.-, ,„..-.„_„, ..„, 


4,.,__„ 


i.----.^ -...,„.„- 




?...-..-„....._....._._._., ...,„ , 




«, „„...,„..„ 


19 

L# J 
.f 

1 

i 


§.,.-.-„,.-......-...„„„,.„. .,,.,-„... 


Kt, ,. , 


Il„_ 


Ift,,, ,. ,_ . 


li^;..**. - . 


11„^_. , , 


14...^. _.._, __. 


w,,,_„_ .,.„.,„, .„.. 


It. ........„.,,»..,„. ,. 


»..„..,.,., . ... 


^„..........,......^...... ...^ .. ...... 


»„,„,„. , ._ ,..„ 


«,.. .--.-.-., „,-,,„ 


te .s 


n. , .__ 


L« .» 


a,,,.,,. „„..,_ .„..,=-.....,. 


LI .* 


fi_.„,..-.,._ ...._...„. 






»_ ...___-... 




m* -...--„-.. .„. 




»,.„.-,.-, ....._, ,.., „ 




»„„„...,... ......„_,. 




JR,, .--...... . 


i ■■v-"-\ -, 


1.4 1 


«f„... „...,.. . . 


\ \.^\ \A .V 


L. 


V """ \ 


\ ^A. 


J 




1 -^ 


""^^ 


■■\ 


\ 


.^ 





mriLL] 



SOUTHERN GALIFOBNIA DBAIKAOE. 



167 






Rating table for San Lorenzo Creek near Kitig City, CaL.for 1902, 



heifrht. 



Fttt. 
0.8 
.9 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 



Discharge. 



Second-feet. 

3 

5 

15 

32 

50 



Qaffe 
leight. 



heigl 



Feet. 
1.4 
1.5 
1.6 
1.7 
1.8 
1.9 



Diflcbarge. 


heigM. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


88 


2.0 


110 


2.1 


135 


2.2 


166 


2.3 


200 


2.4 


236 


2.5 



Discharge. 

Second-feet. 
274 
817 
364 
415 
470 
525 



Oai 

height. 



Jg. DLschargt'. 



Feet. 
2.6 
2.7 
2.8 
2.9 
3.0 



Second-feet. 

5a5 

650 
720 
795 

875 



Estimated monthly discharge of San Lorenzo Creek near King City, CaL 
[Drainage area, 235 square miles.] 





Discharge in second-feet. 


Total in acre- 
feet. 


Run-off. 


Month. 


Maximum. 


Minimum. 


Mean. 


Second-foet 
per^^uare 


Depth in 
inches. 


1902. 
Jftnuanr 


15 
795 

875 
5 


5 
5 
5 
3 


6 
69 

81 

4 

15 

85 

7 


869 
8,aS2 
4,980 

238 

357 
5,057 

430 


0.08 
.29 
.34 
.02 
.06 
.36 
.03 


0.03 


February 


.30 


March 

April. 


.39 
.02 


October 19-31 . . 


.03 


November 


200 
15 


15 
5 


.40 


December 


.03 



SAN GABRIEL RIVER AND CANALS AT AZUSA, CAL. 

Owing to the numerous diversions it has been difficult to obtain 
accurate discharge measurements at Azusa; but during 1898 the San 
Gabriel Electric Company completed its system, and measurements 
are now obtained with greater ease and hence with greater accuracy. 
The headworks of this company are located about 6 miles above the 
mouth of the canyon; the water is carried along the left side by a 
series of tunnels and conduits, and a head of 400 feet is obtained 
where the electric power is generated. Weirs are placed on the con- 
duit of the electric company, and thew^ater is measured at this point. 
The capacity of the conduit is 00 second-feet. 

The total flow of the river is obtained by adding the daily discharge 
for the river to the figures for the corresponding dates for the canals. 
The observer is II. F. Parkinson. 



168 STB1L4M MKASUKKHEKTS IN lim^ PAST IT. 

PiMhtirge mmimirimtmttii of 8an GabriH Hivtrui A^saa^ Qa£, 



{SfVJ^I 



A|irilH 



k 



H^doffmphtf. ! ^^^ |Di«cli»w. 



S. G. Bennett 






Jmitf 12 . 



Sepl^i^iiilMar 1. 



,ao. 



W. B. Ol&pp 






B&mmrl£3. 



Over weirs San Gal>riel 

Pijwt^r Ctmi finny Omal. 

11* () WiiHt*f gfttt* San frtibriel 
Power Com I mil y. 



71,0 I Total flow of Siu) OabrieL 



n.7 



z».o 



Flow over wt^in* *>f Saia 
Grtbriel p4)weT Cnm- 
pan J— total flow of j 

Do. 



Z>fl% gagfi. height, infefit, of San Oabriel River at Azma^ Cal^ 



D*r^ 


Ptob. 


Ito. 


Apr. 


KOT. 


D»y. 


Teh. 


Uiu^, 


Apr. 


No?. 


im. 


t-) 


3,0f^ 

l.ttt) 

1.40 
1,67 

i.a) 
i.ao 
%.m 

hm 

1.4(1 
1.10 


l.iSO 
LIO 
LW 
1.0« 
LO) 

i.ao 
l.BtJ 

LIS 
1,10 
Lis 
1.00 
I.IW 

0,(K) 

o.rt) 


ran 

J 


IT-,,^.— ,_.-. .«- 




.08 
1,06 

.90 


aw 

aoo 
am 
o.m 






Ift, _.,.,_ 

ltt„,--„. 

SO 


-_-.._ 




















21 . . . 




i.^ , 






SSJ 




O.HTI 

o.m 








2S 










^ 




Ltlfr 0,0) 

1,40 o,m 

1,51> 0,00 

Lir> u.m 

1.10 0,LW 

1.06 1 &.m 




9,,_ . 




a5_ ,„ 






10 „ 


M, -..-,. 


1.77* 
l.m 
1.06 




U - * 




27 




If , _ 




88 .. 




tS-„.,.„„ 




£»...„ ,.,.,......, 




u 




ao 






1ft., ,, , _. , . 




ai -. .... ... ...... 




1.10 






W-. ...,.-.,. -,. 























A BlTtsr dry JiLuuiLry 1 to FubritKry £5^ May 1 to KovumlHsr 10, nudNuTHmbefr 12 lio D^^AmbcrSt- 



SODTHXBI)' OALIFOSMA DBAINAOE. 



169 



Daily discharge, in second-feet^ of San Gabriel vanaU at Azusa, 



Dar. 



J«ti^ 



IMS. 



Feb. 


Mai-. 


aa 


50 


m 


no 


m 


m 


m 


oo 


m 


01 


m 


«d 


m 


Qi 


m 


«s 


m 


4B 


a» 


^ 


m 


OS 


£9 


1£3 


28 


OS 


m 


m 


a* 


08 


^ 


fti 


^ 


u^ 


m 


m 


Ti 


«e 


m 


ttS 


ffi 


«& 


m 


«e 


M 


m 


m 


«s 


m 


<ie 


m 


«e 


ee 


de 


m 


m 




OS 




iSfi 


*. . 


di 



Apr. 


Miiy. 


m 


U 


m 


4fl 


m 


4« 


m 


4T 


Oi 


40 


(^ 


M 


(B 


M 


^ 


4A 



OS 
0$ 

as 
da 

OS 

OS 
80 

«i 

SI 

fig 
m 

m 

48 
18 



Jtin«, 



m 

m 
m 
m 

S3 

n 

90 

so 

m 
m 

ifl 

lA 
1(1 
lA 
16 

11 
14 
14 
14 
Ifi 
16 
14 



July. 



Aiiir. 8«pi. CVt, Not. 



1ft 
Ift 
IT 
IT 
14 
1ft 

14 ; 

Hi 

li 
11 
Id 

10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
8 

B 

« 
Ul 

10 
10 

» 
a 



Dm. 



10 
1ft 
Ifl 
li 
17 
17 
1« 
IB 
U 

m 
m 

35 
IS 
«S 

OH 

m 

^ 
m 
«i 
m 
as 



Rating table for San Gabriel River at Aziisa, CaL.for 1902 



I Discbarge. 



i?X. ' Di^charKe. 



beigl 



Second-feitt. 

4 


Feet. 
1.5 


Sec 


7 1 


1.6 




10 1 


1.7 




13 ; 


1.8 




18 


1.9 




24 


2.0 




30 


2.1 





Second-feet .\\ 

37 
44 
52 
68 

77 

93 

110 



Gage 

height. 



Feet. 
2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 
2.6 
2.7 
2.8 



Discharge. !! ^li^x. ' I^is^^^^arge. 



Second-feet. \ 


B^et. 


128 


2.9 


147 


3.0 


167 


3.1 


188 1 


3.2 


210 1 




234 1 




260 





Second-feet. 

288 
318 
350 
384 



s? 



STREAM irEASTrHEMENTS m lt»02, FABT TV, 
E»Umuied Hum f hi ft tUn^hargv of San Qattriei Hit^r at Azumt^ i^tMl, 



|K0.85t 



Mtjijlh. 



1902. 



The vear 



Disrhargo Iti tieD<m^«f iwl. 



G 

8? 


a 








la 





S£9 



Mtwo. 




S 
»8 
7 















l«7 

Of 
ik 



ft ( 
ft 






3,0^ 



EMmatpd vionlM^ discharge of San Gnhnel canah at Amim^ Cat. 





Hanth. 




Totilto 




MRSimuiP' 


Mljjimum. I MeAn. 


wn^ti»ft 


Jannarr ..:___ 
Febmarv .... 


im2. 


51 
02 

n2 

48 

80 

17 

8 

6 


M 
37 


2. 
84 
01 


lp722 


Maix^h ...... _ ,_-.-, ....... 


3,751 


April . . . . 

May - ... -. . 


4fi 
30 


Tifl 
39 


a, 511 
2,398 


June 


14 

8 


20 
11 


1,190 


Jnly 


676 


August 


6 7 
4 5 


m) 


September . . . ... 


298 


October 


10 i 6 7 


44JO 


November . ... 

Decern! )er 


62 i 8 
68 16 


19 
32 


1,131 
1,968 










The year . 


68 4 27 


19 393 







I SOUTHERN CALIFOENIA DBAINAOE. 171 

lated monthly discharge of San Gabriel River and canals at Azusa, CaL 
[Draina^co area 22)! squaro miles.] 



Month 



1902. 
•y . - . 

Oer 

XT 

•er 

he year 



Di8(rharfire in second-feet. 



Maximom. Minimum. 



51 


24 


120 


38 


378 


63 


99 


48 


48 


30 


30 


14 


17 


8 


8 


6 


6 


4 


10 


6 


80 


8 


68 


16 


878 


4 



Mean. 



28 

37 

99 

66 

39 

20 

11 

7 

5 

7 

19 

32 



31 



Total in 
acre-feot. 



Run-off. 



Socond-feet' TVaT^*», «» 



I 



1,722 . 
2,055 I 
6,088 I 
3,928 ' 
2,398 
1,190 
676 
430 
298 
430 
1,131 
1,968 



22,314 



0.13 
.17 
.45 
.30 
.18 
.09 
.05 
.03 
.02 
.03 
.09 
.14 



.14 



0. 15 
.18 
.52 
.33 
.21 
.10 

■ .06 
.03 
.02 
.03 
.10 
.16 



1.89 



SANTA ANA RIVER BELOW WARMSPRINGS, CAL. 

Station, established June, 1806, is located 5 miles northeast of 
le, Cal., three-fourths of a mile below the heiid works of the 
\na canal and opposite the warm springs in the canyon. The 

an inclined timber fastened to a large bowlder and posts set 
bank of the river. The observer is A. Larrd. 
ig to the shifting nature of the stream bed it has not been pos- 
) construct perfectly satisfactory rating curves, but the tables 
ented are based on the best information that could be obtained, 
jcord is not considered absolutely correct, but is given as an 
imation. This river is one of the most difficult streams in the 
►f which to obtain an accurate record. The Edison Electric 
,ny diverts the greater portion of the water of Santa Ana River 
the gaging station, but also returns all of it above the station, 
lowever, allow only limited portions of the water to pass out of 
Dnduits during certain hours of the day, holding back the water 
pui-poseof obtaining additional power when the greatest demand 
The Santa Ana canal, as mentioned above, also diverts water 
anta Ana River above tlie station, all of wiiich is returned to 
mnel ol the stream after ])assing the point) ot m^i\;au\:<i\3aftut>» 



172 



STREAM MKASOUEMENTH IN I901i, TART IV. 



I During the ^n*aU*r part of th*? yenr the ouiaU at the njcmtli a 
I eauyou divert all of tlu? water* At such timm tlu* diHtluirgt* of £: 
Xnti liiver wan nbtained l>y <il»4S4*rvatiuiiB od weii^ at the head m 
of Gre4?n Spot pipe l!iit>, Highlanils i-anal, and Redlaiid^t raual. 
wat-oreiik^ringRedlaiids canal from the Kedlands tunnel and il< 
Canyon was assttmed to offnct the lo^ss hy evaporation and se^^ 
I Iwtwefiii the old gaging station and tlie inouth of the canyon. 



IHnvJiargf mc/tm/wmpr*/* o/ Sanfa Ana Biver and canal ai Warm^pringi 



B«tu. 


H^fln^gTaplieT. 


Gage 


iJifichArge. 


ReiBsrkB. 


1902. 
Aprils 


a fi. Btfunett,,, 

.-.-do -.- 

.....do , 

W. B, aapp ... 

S, Q. Bennett. , . 




51 

4 


River. 






S5 


Total diaobai^e f. 

River. 

Santa Ana Oanal. 

Total flow. 

River. 

Santa Ana Canal* 


May 31_. ,,..., 


M 


8 
SI 






m 


Jidy 10.__...... 


:H 


IS 






S3 


Total. 


September 8 


.ft5 


10 

u 


River. 






u 

IB 


Total, 


NovmnberS 


.87 i 


River. 

Banta Ana Canal. 






It* 


Tottil. 



SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA DRAINAGE. 



178 



tge height, in feet, and discharge, in second-feet, of Santa Ana River and 
canal « at Warmsprings, Cal, 



! Jan. 1 Feb. 

1 


Mar. 


Apr. 


Ml 


ly. 

^1 


June. 


1^ 
®5 


i\A 


4 


If 


Difl. 
charge. 


m 


n 


Gage 
heiglt. 

Dis- 
charge. 


, 


1 

a>; 


20 


1.50 


68 


1.36 42 


45 


- 38 




22' ; 24 


2.«) 


485 


1.40 48 44' 30 




24 1: 1 ^ 


1.00 


80 


1.40 48 ; 4;^ 29 




23 1 1 25 


1.50 


m 


1.40 48 4:} 30 




23 1 : 27 


1.50 


63 


1.45 56 ' 42 ^ 27 





23; ; 2» 


1.25 


31 


1.3;? ' 40 40 ' 29 


' 


21' 1 27 


1.45 


56 


l.J« ! 42 39 1 1 26 


' 


23! 1 27 


1.36 


4:3 


l.J*8 46 40 ; 1 26 


' 


23 27 


2.U) 


187 


1.30 ; :w :« 1 26 


' 


22' 1 27 


1.70 


102 


1.30 i :« :J8 1 32 


1 


23, 28 


1.55 


72 


1.27 1 :fl 37 


34 


1 


23, 28 


1.5.'> 


?2 


1.27 , :« 'M 


40 


1 


23 t 28 


1.56' 


72 


1.25 , 31 M 


39 


1 


23 27 


1.55 


72 


1.24 1 :«) 1 ' W 


' 39 




28 


i 28 


1.36 


42 


1.24 1 »)! ; :^ j i 47 


i 


23 


28 


1.23 


29 


1.24' :^) ' 1 :« 


45 


1 


23 




28 


1.25 


31 


1.23 


29; ^ 


46 


1 


23 




28 


1.25 


31 


1.2:^ 


29 1 :r> 


' 46 


1 


23 




27 


1.30 


36 


1.24 30! ' 36 




44 


..I 


24 




26 


1.25 


31 


1.25 31 


83 




29 


...J 


22 




26 


1.22 


28 


1.45 66 


' 83 




27 


1 


24 




32 


1.25 


31 


1.30 :« 


1 33 




27 


1 
1 


24 




33 


1.30 


36 


1.31 :^7 


j 3:? 




26 


)■ 


45 




30 


1.40 


48 


54 


! 33 




89 




41 




33 


1.45 


56 


49 


1 32 




85 


i 


28 


2.20 


240 


1.50 


63 


47 


1 34 




30 


1 


■ 25 


1.80 


80 


l.l» 


72 


M) 


1 31 




82 


1 


26 


1.50 


63 


l.fii 


68 


; « 


; 31 


81 


1 


25 






1.50 


68 


46 

1 « 

1 . - 


31 


' 23 


1 


21 
21 








31 
31 




28 


1 






1.45 j 5« 

1 




J 

















rge of river was obtained by mea«ureinents over weirs on days when gage heii^hts are 



STREAM MKASURKMENTi^ W 19(i2, PART tV, 



ifffo 



2itp gaga ht'ight, infet't,iitiildi*cJuirgt\ in aevoml^fi'et, of Ji^HHta Ann itiVt'r^ t 
canal at Warmspringft, CaL — t^tmtimaed. 







It. 


Attg. ik(pt. 


Oct. 


Hdf. 


Dor. 


D»y 


4 


5| 


^1 




^1 


« 




£^ 


^1 


fi 




vm 


'* 


34 




« 

^ sti 

m 
m 
m 

m 
m 

m 
m 

il 
m 

m 

m 
m 
m 




n 
m 
m 
m 
m 
u 

m 
m 
u 


— * 


Bl 
80 

» 

18 

ar 


— - 


48 






, 




W *« 

31 

m _„... 

^ 

^1 ,.*.*, 

2S .„.,,, 

»!-,...,. 

IB .„„.. 

ar ....... 

£1 

iB 


CI - -^-^ 








m 

m 
Mi 


..•,.,, 










— 








n ,.,..*.* 




m\ 

«r ....... 

«t . 


ii= 




If ._,......., 






ii ,„„..„ 




as 
as 
«i 

SB 

as 

»4 

m 
»i 

40 

Rl 
fia 
ST 
l(^ 
fill 
«7 
4^ 
i2 ' 


!""'" 




M. -««-.... 




99 

19 

m 


-^ 




jfl. ..-...__,.._ 






ii_ 




m 
u 
m 






1T„.,-, 






10, _„„ 






ifl, ^„, .-.-.., - 






«.„.... 




SI 




»s' 

SJ 

£4 


«, 


m „ 




B* , 

W 1--. 

Bl ._.,... 

«U _ ., 


J^ 


s. * . ., 






>a_.„._ 




Si 






IM, .,..„-...., 






35 






m 




jBs ;. 


S3 - 

13 

Hb ....... 




ar .-.«- 




Ifl • .^ 


ffl,_ J 




180 


in , . ^ 






». 




SET 
ffi 






la >„. 














' ■ -T 




■ 









"Dischargeof river was obtained by measurements over woir.s on days when j^raj^re heights a 
not given. 

Daily mean discharge, in second-feet, of Santa Ana canal <' heloir Wannaprinc^ 

Cat. 



D»F^ 


Feb, 


Mar, 


Apr. 


Diiy. 


F^Ij. 


MAr. 

1 

(J 
13 

ir, 
! IH 
It . 

M 

}t 
u 


Apr. 


Day. 


Feb, 


Mar, A|i 


1 


U 
(J 

a 

n 
11 



& 




n 

U 




iri 


tfiJS. 
Si ..,, 

34.. 


.. ..... 


H 


$. . . 




m \..... 


a .^-. 


s 




14 


u 
II 


2ri 




U t.^*- 


4, . . 




IS- 




Bfi , ., 





«- 


S. ..„ 




16.... ....... 




!fr.,*., * . 





*^^. 


6 ,- 




1£ 


IT 




^... 


11 


ft »♦, 


T_...... 




18_ ..__ 




,*. 


B 




t1 

16 


19..... . 




'Ai . 




,^ 


p„ 




20....-,,..... 




ui :{i 




M. ,„ 

11..-,......, 


■■/■ 


-^ 


0,' 

"I 


21 ^--V^^-^^ 

B«„,,-.. 'i 

\ 


\ ■ 



a On days not griven in aYx>ve laUe Ihvire nm\>^ uo Ci\^e\mT^e. 



■wn^] SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA DRAINAGE. 175 

Rating table for Santa Ana River below Warmsprings, Col. , for 190 J. 



height. 



Feet. 
1.0 
1.1 
1.2 
1.3 
1.4 
1.5 



Discbarge. | 


hS^t. 


Sec€md'feet.-- 


Feet. 


12 


1.6 


18 


1.7 


26 


1.8 


36 i 


1.9 


48 , 


2.0 


63 1 


2.1 



Discharfire. 

Second-feet. 
80 
102 
125 
150 
178 
208 



I Oage 



htt DischB'^- h?i'g!rt. 



Feet. 
2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
2.5 
2.6 



Second-fret 

\ 240 

! 277 

I 315 

355 
' 395 

440 



Feet. 
2.8 
2.9 
3.0 



Discrharge. 



Second'feet. 
485 
540 
600 



'iitimated monthly discharge at Santa Ana River and canal below Warm- 

springs, CaL 

[Drainage area, 182 square miles.] 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Run-oflf. 



Month. 



1902. 

annary 

'ebmary ... 

[arch 

ipril 

lay 

one 

^y 

^gnst 

?ptember .. 

Ptober 

f>vember ._ 
^mber . . . 



I 



Maximnm. 



Minimum, i Mean. 



Total in 
a<.'re-feot. , Socond-feet 



45 
240 

485 
71 
45 
47 
32 
30 
29 
55 i 
43; 
97 ! 



20 
20 
41 
43 
31 
23 
23 
22 
22 
30 
19 
19 



The year . 



485 



19 



l-^-J-- "i'n^hef 



I 

24| 

38 i 
79 j 



51 
36 
33 
26 
25 
24 
39 
24 
23 

35 



1,476 
2,110 
4, 858 
3,035 
2,214 
1,964 
1,599 j 
1.537 I 
1,428 j 
2,398 I 
1,428 I 
1,353 I 



0.13 
.21 
.43 
.28 
.20 
.18 
.14 
.14 
.13 
.21 ! 
.13 \ 
.12 I 



0.15 
.22 
.50 
.31 
.23 
.20 
.16 
.16 
.15 
.24 
.15 
.14 



25,400 



.19 



2.61 



be alx>ve discharges include the disc^haritres givon in a separato tablo of Suiit^i Ana Canal. 



MOHAVE RIVER AT VICTORVILLE, CAL. 

\t Victorville, a station on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fo Kail- 
rd, the river passes through a narrow gorge, locally known as The 
rrows. This place has been under investigation as a possible dam 
J, and soundings for the depth of bed rock were made by the 
ited States Geological Survey during the season of 1809. The 
atest depth of bed rock was found to be 54 ieot. T\\^ ^\^\svcycA 



1 



?? 



STREAir MEAStTREMTCNTS IK 1902, PART TT. 



[Mis, 



drill show0il tli*^ rock to be a fine gmnite. A more detailed aci'Quiit^ 
of ttim oxplomtioii will be found in the Tweiity-iir?*t Annual Reporl, 
Part IV. Alwivi* Tho NarrovFs tlie valley broadens into a lar^i^e reser- 
voir t*!te, but AS no surveys of it have boon mado ilio capacity ijs 
unknown. In order to determine the amount of i^at4?r aviiilabk for 
9t*j rage for thit^ i-eservoir a gaging station was established Februat^ 
27, 1899. 

During 190l^ nu fliKul pa.s8ed the j^a^lng fetation. The eh a unci b in | 
eand, which is constantly shifting. The rtnl remlings art^ of little | 
value during low ?itages. ISotween pJanimry I, HH12, and May IK 1'*^*-, j 
the difeeharge varied from 47 to (57 cuhie feet per seeond, though the 
gage reading wan 0,9 for the entire time. At the latter date the rod 
readings were diHonuttnued, 

The mean estimated discharge for each month was obtained l>y 
averaging the discharge as obtainefl by meter measurements matlo 
during the month. 



^L Dischwf^t*^ meamrefn^iU nf Mofmve Rixmr at Vidon^l^, Oa*. 




l_-^ 


Hydrrjgi^jilM?t. 


.SB. 


1 


1902. 

January 'il ,. 

Febmarv 1 . . , . . 


P.H.Letthy ..-. 

._..do _..- 

-do . . .... 




47 

m 


Felrtmary 35, __ 


..^.do 


m 


March 5 .._.,„,.,,,,., 


. .do 


s$ 


March 39_..,. ,....-. 


....do 


m 


April5 ,.„„.,,,, 


...,do ,.,.,._... 


«? 


April 19„ ., ,- 


do --. 


^ 


April 26 .. _., 


do . 


4: 


Hay 10 


do 


87 


Maf S5 .-, .* - . 


do . -- . 


4» 


JtmeS ,. ,.,--.-- 


do .., 




59 


June 3T •-►- ^*. - 


do ^.-.. 


.__-,, 


4: 


July 5 - ^^^-. 


do 


S^ 


Jnly36 ..... 


do 


41 


August 0.,._ - 

August 1 ■'i - _ ^ - . 


.,- -do ,_„ 

do 


^-..-,,* 


ti 
W 


October 20 . __ 


,__ do . -.-- . - --.^ 


II 


Octnl>er 30 *....*--.* 


.do ........ 


4% 


Novemhi^r 10 .,**,*,•,,,*,. 


._..do --^-- - 


IS 


December 11 __ __ _ 


-----do 

du ,_ .._„ _ 




DecemlKT t^ ... 


B.G.BeTLnritl * 


I ^ ^ 


\ m 



] 



SOUTHERN GALIFOBNIA DBAINAGE. 



177 



Estimated monthly discharge of Mohave River at Victorville, Cal, 
[Drainage area, 400 aquare miles.] 





Discharge in seoond-feet. 




Run-off. 


Month. 


'H^'«'<T"11*" 


Mlnlmnm. 


Mean. 


Total in acre- 
feet. 


Second-feet 

per square* 

mile. 

0.18 
.15 
.17 
-15 


Depth in 
inches. 


1902. 

y 

rv 


53 
68 
66 
67 
49 
53 
41 
48 


47 
58 
66 
47 
37 
47 
88 
33 


50 
60 
66 
59 
43 
50 
40 
40 
44 
47 
46 
64 


8,074 
8,332 

4,058 
3,512 


0.15 
.16 




.20 




. 17 




2,644 1 -11 


.13 




2,975 
2,460 
2,460 
2,618 
2,890 
2,737 
3,808 


.13 
.10 
.10 
.11 


.15 




.12 




.12 


iber « 


-12 


r ._. 


49 
50 
69 


45 
43 
55 


.12 i .14 


ber 


.12 1 -13 


ber . . . _ . 


.16 


.18 






rhe year 


69 


88 


51 


86,568 


.13 


1.77 



a Estimated. 

ISCELLANE0U8 MEASUREMENTS IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 
DRAINAGE. 







Ventura 


River. 

height. 
Feet. 






Date. 


Hydrographer. 


Dis- 
charge. 

Sec.-feet. 
2.0 

5.23 
1.5 
Fork. 


Remarks. 


)er 25 


J. B. Lippincott 


Matilija, above month of 
North Fork. 

Below diversion of Ventura 


)er25 


. . do 1 


)er 26 


i 
do --.. 


City water system, Cayote 
Creek. 

Power ditch near head. 






North 








Ventura River. 




yer *£).... 




J. B. Lippincott 




0.33 


In flume. 














San Oahri 


el Rive 


T. 




)erl 




W.B.Clapp 

J. B. Lippincott 




0.9 
16.5 
10.6 
19.1 
23.8 

1 


Slauson well. 

Banta ditch, near head. 






do 

do 

do 




Cate ditch. 

Standifer ditch. 

San Gabriel River (Rio 


m 85- 


03 


V2 









STREAM MJEA80BKIIKirT8 IK lSJtl2, FART IV* 
[Htaharge mefi^urefi^mitn of Ban Qabriel JW^er ut AxuMa, Viil, 



(Mltt^ { 



1 °"^ 


H;fdot;rapber. 




DiM^harge. 


BdnuLrkfc. 


V tfH)a, 




J^«l. 


S^ctmd'f^. 




April 8-..- 


8.G.B*^nett __ 


1.4 


90,0 
S4.0 


Over weirs Sfln ffabriel 
Puwer Compitiy C^tial, 


li 


* 




11.0 


Powet Company. 


71.0 


Total flow of Ban Galirie] 
River. 


^Jntift la 


do.... - 




25.7 


Fl<sw over weirs o( Sum 






Gabriel Power Com* 
pany— total flew uif 










tvr^. 


September 1.... 


W.B,Clapp .,.- 




5.0 


Da 







r 


Dailjf gage 


height ^ in 


f^r 


of San Gabriel Htver at Azuaa 


,aai 






r - 


yob. 


M»r. 


Apr. 


Not. 


D»y, 


TBh. 


M^. 


A.. 


KOT* 


W imt 


m 


w.m 
\,m 

1.66 
1.40 
IST 
1.90 

im 
t.m 

LW 

1.40 
1.80 
l.»> 


LIO 

UU> 
L€6 
l,<j« 

i.ai 

Llfi 

1.10 
1.06 
1,00 
1.00 
nM 

O.IIJ 
0.00 


;; ;;; 

tap 


18Q& 
It...... _., _,. 




1.00 

1,35 
LOG 

.90 

,ao 

.90 
1,65 
1.40 

hm 

1.15 
J. 10 

i.a& 

MO 


o.oo 
am 

o.m 
i,n5 
o.tn 




i.„.. 


IS 






s 




IB ...,..._ 

«0.... 
















ai........... . . .... 








■- ■— 




g2_.. , ..._. 








£f 




OJIO ' ..«- 






24 .._ . . .„^ 




0,00 j,-.» 






S& 




O.QU - - 


10.. .._. 




SB,,, ,„.„ 


i.ai 
1.(11 


0.00 '.- 


11 _ . . 




37 .,._.__ 

£8 _ ......,..._.. 


0.110 

aoo 




IS 








IB..... 


gs ,.„,,_ 


..,* 


14 




30 . , . ^ 






ifi 




SI.. ............... 






ifi--.„ 

























a River dry January 1 to February 25, May 1 to November 10, aud November 12 to December HI. 



J^] SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA DRAINAGE. 169 

Daily discharge^ in second-feet, of San Odbriel canals at Azusa. 



T — r 

Jul J] 



IMJ. 



Jul J Feb, H4rJ Apr. Mar.ijQjie, Jidr Au^f, B«[it. Oct^ Not. Dec. 



m 
m 
m 
m 
m 
» 
m 
m 

m 



m 



40 

IS 
4A 
47 

40 

4il ss 

m I 21 



16 

le 
n 

IT 

IS 

S4 
HT^ 
35 
SE£ 
SB 

m 
m 

m 

m 

48 
4£ 

tn 
m 



Rating table for San Gabriel River at Aznsa, CaL.for 1902, 



^t. 


1 
Discharge. 


heiglft. 


Discharge, i 


Gajre 
height. 


Discharge. 


Gage 
heiglit. 


Discharge. 


'A. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


.8 


4 


1.5 


37 


2.2 


128 


2.9 


288 


9 


7 


1.6 


44 


2.3 


147 


3.0 


318 





10 


1.7 


52 1 


2.4 


167 


3.1 


350 


1 


13 


1.8 


63 1 


2.5 


188 


3.2 


384 


2 


18 


1.9 


77 ! 


2.6 


210 






3 


24 


2.0 


93 i 


2.7 


234 






.4 


30 


2.1 


110 1 


2.8 


260 







STREAM MEASlTREMEJ*Tt3 IN IW2, PART IV, 



t» 



Santti Ann IHver — C!!ant)ntutfi. 
HILL flREEK. 



mi 






m 



nfa^m^ph^T 1^1 



Dli*^ 



B.(l. 



6.g; 

.....do „ 

V-B-Clajip.., 






G.II 



Old ^njK* 
tJrKncKEi ciiziaL 



il,n TntAL 

IAS I lVnft4iTi weir^ tiital lltrK 

ins I OM Cfti^A* tot&L flow. 



I 



R^tuiifi waie^r to Satitn Arm HiPt*r, iffiturnl Jiotr in sit^cond-feet^ trompared h 
devtitqmt water in San Utrnttrdino Valley, ctbovv- CoJto^i. 



D&ie. 



i3C«pt*?mber :** 
Beptcmlicr SIJ 

Ootolwr ir* . . . 
rk tobMr 13 . . 
Oitt^jWr Iti - . 

October T 

October 13... 
October U.-. 

OfUibeTT 

Octolier 14 ._. 
SeptembfT W 

Q0Jit^Ulhi}T 'ft 

Of toln^r 7 , , _ 
Of^borT.,,- 
Octobcr 7 

Seiitetnlwr gSi 
October U .,_ 
October 11 ,.. 
Oetob*wtl . 



LftK^utlmt. 



HAboldam .....^_*_ 

i Stuy or Btoot dttm ., 

I McKinssle 

Beam 



D«Y«t> 



RlTpTHldf* Water Co.^supiK^r imnul . .^.*.„.-,,^,„__^^. 

dtij,'!' *tfliuil,liitftko Sautft AniL Kiv<*r, . 

f » itk^<' J H-itmU ftumt' nvt^r rittkd Redlautli^ Pass ...... 

I-riur-.«li:in ^ Fftrrt'll .....^...^ ...-i.; 

WhitlrK'k..... ..^. -,. _. 

Tmley . ...^ -.,,, ,.,„.„.,.-, 

Jtclutyro . „ ,.,, , -,,,-, 

Whiting.. ___... ...__._. ,.. 

Bwnmp ..... ._... 

Ranchuro & Bloomingtup „,^,,,,,-....^....^*... 

Wftrd & Wflrren . ^.. _...__....__.. . 

Mill flame. Hiverfildo W&tet Cks,.. ^...._.. 

Mill immp. RlT^rmdo Water Co ..... * ...^ i. .„*^ .^i._ ... 

t:^iDp CftHkrti. -_.... ,..^__...., ,.. ,,.., , 

Colt^^m T*?rrft(!o Water C'n.... ..^., _....,. ,,,,,,,..„,._, 

City of Crtltnu pumphiic plant.. *;. . . .*.,*i .. .,^i.. 

Me«*l£j^ & DaliT <l"t^-l> -..,, - *... 

Wfwt Rlvi*i>,idp r^i-inch pniQ|jini^ plant ^ ....*.* . - 

Bcfrt'errt pumtiiuii; pliuii . _ . . 

^ntu AniL El ver fluiiic^^Rirnr^de putupil)^ plfftllt Nu J 
BantA A oa Hi vert! ttawSt R iV«rflld*' ptmii»loi? pb n 3 r K ^ i* 



m,m 



mai 



NwttKnl 1^ 






1.30 



Ti>taL 



W1JI9 



am ' 
moo 

n, ill 
aoo 

Q.OU 
0.00 



1,58 



19,10 



38.52 



NOTK.— Tln' Wost Rivrrsi(l(> fliiino currios t]i<' \v 

Slant, a ix>rtion of the water piimjH'd by th<* Rcl,' 
leeks & Daley water; for tliese reasojisit is not ii 
Tlie (iage canal, Palm Avenm' weir, ami Blooi 
running in the Riinchero ditrh. 
East RivorHide Irri^tition District or the Rivevs\^\*V\\'^\v\v\u\\\\\v\v>Y Vu.vuuuin^ 2.7se<-on<: 
oror weir in fiinnei, and i)iimping dirr'i't int<» th«' iuvv\u \V\vo ^>.>V^\v vwv\ v>l \\w\\\«A. vvv\*? v«»s 
plant Dot runiunK. 



ter punip-a l)y th.- West Riverside .TiO 
i*s pmnjumr i>luiit. and alwi a i>ortion o 

UnltMl iin«l»Ta ^jnH-ial heading. 

JTiu'ton tliniK' toi'Ti out. Hlooiuiu^ton v 



wwsLL.] COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. IvSl 

Mum icater8 in San Bernardino Valley below Slover Mountain andalnyve River- 
side Narrows, Santa A tut, 

[K. Sanborn, hydrogrrapher.] 
Date. ' LocaUon. | clS^. 

Stc.-feet. 

September 3.. Santa Ana River, at Rincon wagon bridgre "75.00 

September 29.1 Riverside Water Co. flam©, at head of lower canal 3.07 

SeptemlxT 29. Rubidonx canal 7.19 

September 29. ' Evans ditch, at north line, Riverside canal 2. 17 

September 29. Evans ditch, 1 mile sonth of Riverside (*anal line ' 0. r^i 

September 29. Evans Island ditch, at west end of West Riverside liridgo 5. 35 

September 29. • Alvetriz ditch, at east end of West Riverside bridge 1 . 96 

OctoberlO j Santa Ana River, at Riverside Narrows 43.25 

I Total 63.52 

! "W. B. Clapp. 

COIiUMBIA RIVBR DRAIXAGK 1JA8IN. 

Next to the Colorado, Columbia River is tlie largest river in the arid 
region, its drainage basin ineliiding parts of Washington, Oregon, 
Idaho, and Montana and a large area in Canada. The Columbia and 
ite numerouH tributaries are of great importance, offering good sites 
for water-power development and an abundance of water for irriga- 
tion, while the main river is navigable for a considerable distance. 

A great part of the water of Columbia River and its tributaries 
flows to waste, not being utilized. This is due to the fact that the 
river has cut so deeply into the lava-covered plains tha^ water can 
not be diverted except at points near the mountains, where the streams 
are of small size and have not yet entered the deeply incised canyon 
in the plateaus. The following rivers are tributary to the Columbia: 
Umatilla River rises in the well-wooded country in northeastern 
Oregon and flows in a general westerly direction, entering Columbia 
River below the mouth of Walla walla River. The country north of 
Umatilla is high and rolling. A number of canals divert water from 
the lower course of the stream to irrigate lands on either side. 

Yakima River has its source in Keechelus Lake, on the eastern 
slope of the Cascade Mountains, in Kittitas County, Wash. Within 
a short distance it receives the waters of Kachess Lake, and 2.V miles 
above Clealum it receives the outlet of the last of the three large head- 
water lakes. It enters Columbia River 23 miles below Kiona, Wash. 
Naches River has its source on the eastern slope of the Cascade 
Mountains, in Yakima County, Wash. It flows in a general south- 
easterly direction, entering Yakima River a short distance above 
North Yakima. Irrigation is practiced in the narrow valley along the 
lower course of the river, but its waters are of greater value for the 
irrigation of lands west of North ^'akima. The rVv^v \va^ e.o\i^\vi^\^\fe 



182 STBKAK MEA^miEMTCirr^ TK ISXJS, PART TV, twa' 

fiiU lind lh« watc!r cut! oaail)* tn? diverted by meaii^ af compiinitlvelj 
«borl canals. For this n?asoii it in of more value fr>r t rri giLtlon p> 
poses than Yakiinn River, whieh has less fall. 

Tie ton River is the ]>rinri|ml tribuUiry of the Naches River an 
discharges into the latt-er about 17 miles above its junciiuu witli^ 
Yakinui River, near Xorth Yakima. Its &ou!xre is in the Casciwlt! 
M o u n t-a i u s i n tli t* v i e in i t y of Co wl i tz I'ass . A pe c n lia r f ea t ii ro of tin* 
8tr3anj is the turbid, milk-wliite appearance of the water, it Wiig 
aimilar in fhis respet'st tjo Whii-e RivoFi on the western slope of thfi 
Caseadt* Kan^e, The water of the South Fork of the Tieton^ 
miles abov<? the mouthy is however, perfeetly clear. The forktj h 
111 the glaciers of a peak of the t 'astMides knowia locally as Goat Rock. 

Spokane River rises in the north<frn part of Idaho, being the otil- 
let of Lake Coeur d*Alene. It imsses into Washington, flown m a 
northerly direction, and enters Columbia River near latitude 47*^ t^f 
north. It is about 120 miles long. 

Missoula River has it« souix^e in Silverbow County, Mont,, &M 
flows northerly nutil it receives the waters of Little Black foot Riv*'-r, 
^hcn it takes a more northwesterly course. The name Missoda i."* 
usually applieil to that portion of the river between the junetiou of 
Blaekfoot and Hellgate rivers and the month of Pend Oreille Hivpr, 
From that, point U* its junction with Columbia River it is called Clark 
Fork of ColumbUi* 

The source of Bitterroot River is in the high ]nount.ains which 
form the boundary line between I^ ton tana and Idaho, It flow.s in a 
northerly dii'eetion, entering Missoula River a short, distance below 
the city of" Missoula. The tributaries on the east side drain compnr- 
stively low hills and contribute little to the supply of the river. T\ii' 
west side branches, on the contniry, are nunierons, draining a pn^ 
cipitous and heavily w<KKled area. Their <1if*charges are n*g!datwl 
by many small lakes fed by banks of snow, vsiiieh continue far iiilo 
the summer before disapi>earing altogetlier. From il ami I ton to Mis- 
soula, a distance of 48 miles, the fall of the river is 350 feet, or 7.3 
feet to the mile. 

Snake River, w^liich is the largest affluent of llio Columbia, rises <m 
the sonthern slope of the tVintinental Divide in the Yellowstone 
National Park, tl raining the count ly west and southwest of Yellow- 
stone Lake. From Shoshone, Lcwes^ iirid Hart l>akcs, near it-s liea:i. 
the river flows in a southerly direction through a timl>ered iiiui 
raotuitai nous country, resulting in a long period of high water, Xfu^y 
continuing through this firea for about 2(^ miles it broadens into JfU'k- 
Bon Lake, a deep body of water about 3 miles wide and 8 miles long- 
Below the lake the river ilow^s through Jackson Hole Valley— aliont 
40 m lies 1 o n g a n d S m ilo s w i< 1 1* — ami then en t e rs a 1 < >n g c any o n n ea v 
the Idsho- Wyoming line. All of the birge tributaries come from tlio 
e/i*/^ receiving their wat4ji*H from \\\^r> >V\Tvd 'R.w^t W^^wi^y^. '^W.^v^d 
side of tlw vnUey is bounded Ivy Uiii \\\)i\\ Te\m\ ^\(mi\V.v\\\^ A^'^^^^v^^^<^^^v 



lEWELL.] COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 183 

most of the drainage flows westward through Tieton River into North 
Fork of Snake River. It empties into Columbia River near Pasco 
Junction, in the State of Washington. 

The headwater tributaries of Palouse River have their sources in 
western Idaho. After passing into Washington the streams unito to 
form Palouse River, which has a general southwesterly course, 
through a rolling country. Six miles below lIooi)er, Wash., the river 
bends suddenly to the south and enters its canyon, Ihrougli which it 
flows until its junction with Snake River. A short distance above the 
mouth of the river are the Palouse Falls, approximately 130 feet high. 

Weiser River drains Washington County, in the extreme western 
part of Idaho, and flows into Snake River at Weiser, Idaho. 

The Boise drains a mountainous and w^ell- wooded country in Elmore 
County, Idaho. The effects of the forests are shown in the high flow 
that is maintained throughout. the summer season, iu contrast to the 
discharge of Weiser River, farther to the west, which drains a nioie 
barren country. Below the gaging station, which is located in the 
canyon, a large number of canals divert water to irrigate lands in 
Boise Valley. The diversion of the water is now so gr(»at that fre- 
quent complaints of scarcity are heard. 

Bruneau River rises in northern Nevada and flows in a general 
lortherly course through southern Idaho, emptying into Snake River 
it a point about south of Boise. Fall River is one of the small tribu- 
aries of the Snake River at its headwaters in eastern Idaho. The f ol- 
owing list includes the stations in the Columbia River drainage basin: 

Umatilla River at Gibbon, Oreg. 

Yakima River at Kiona. Wash. 

Yakima River at Union Gap, Wash. 

Naches River near North Yakima, Wash. 

Tieton River near North Yakima, Wash. 

Spokane River at Spokane, Wash. 

Missonla River at Missoula, Mont. 

Bitterroot River near Grantsdale, Mont. 

Palonse River near Hooper, Wash. 

Weiser River near Weiser, Idaho. 

Boise River near Boise, Idaho. 

Bnineau River near Graiidview, Idaho. 

Snake River at Montgomery Ferry, near Minidoka, Idaho. 

Snake River (North Fork) near Ora, Idaho. 

Fall River near Marysville, Idaho. 

UMATILLA RIVER AT GIBBON, OREO. 

The station at Gibbon, Oreg., was established July *Jl\ 1.^00, and is 
>cated one-half mile west of tlu^ railroad station. Tlie g^^g^* J'<>d, 
^hioh was located one-quarter of a mile below the railroad station, 
^as carried away by a freshet in May, but the bench mark, a cross in 
lack paint on the highest point of tlie rock to which the rod was 
istened, still remains. It is 4.40 feet above daUuvi. TW s\\\\\v?i '^Q^^^ 
9o carried away the entire equipment, conBisiing oi a fv\^^\^\\\>cv-\\\^\ 



eable with ^mv^ supports, tAg, and «tay wires. These werc^ all renewed 
on September 10, Kt02. Tlit? cable is situatecl ono-half mikr beluw the 
riiilitjad station in its original position. ChangtM in tiie channel 
neyessitaled the selection of a better location for 1 he gage rod a few 
hundred feet nearer to the cable and one- fourth of a mile l>elow lb 
railroad station, A new wire gago was established (><'t^>ber :}i^ IW 
It consists of a horizontal rod attached to a beam i>rojeetin^ ov*t 3 he 
wat^r and spiked to the top of the eribbini^^ on the left shore alKHit H) 
feet north of I he railroad track. The length from the end of the wH^it 

the marker is l+.'j*iii feet and the distance from the ontsiiL'^'flLrrH! 

\e pulley to the zero of the (jaj^e Bt^ale is iiJi2 fe<*t* The btMich !iiurl 
% a spike on the top timber of tlip cribbing. Its elevation is 8.31 fp€t 
ilK>ve the zero of the new ga*^(\ The initial jKJint for soundingH laik 
face of the tree to which the cable is att^R^hed on Ihe right Imnkof 
the stream. The channel is straight and the bed is of gravel. 

The following discharge measurements were made during IQO:*: 

July 21 : Qagp beigtit, 0,91) foi^l; discharge, 130 aecond-feet. 
fVtijher 2i>: Gage height* fK65 foati diachar^. 106 secDud-fet*t. 
Decemher 20: CIh^^ height, LftO feet; discbarge, 3H1 set'ond-ft^et, 

Diiilff gugf i wights in feet ^ of UimiHUa River at Oibbon^ Orrg, 




COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



185 



ting table for Uniatilla River at Gibbon, Oreg,,for 1903, 



icharge. 


hd«S^. 


1 
DischATge. ' 


Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 


Oage 
height. 


! 

Discharge. 


•ond-feet. 


Feet. 


Second-feet ^\ 


Second-feet. 


1 Feet. 


Second-feet. 


50 


! 1.4 


330 


2.8 


1,100 


1 4.5 


2,555 


63 


1.6 


412 . 


3.0 


1,255 


1 5.0 


3,055 


78 


1.8 


502 i 


8.2 


1.415 


' 5. 5 


3,555 


98 


2.0 


600 1 


3.4 


1.575 


6.0 


4,055 


135 


2.2 


707 


3.6 


1,735 






190 


. 2.4 


826 


3.8 


1,895 


1 




256 


2.6 

1 


957 


4.0 


2,055 


1 





lated monthly discharge of UvMtilla River at Gibbon^ Greg. 
[Drainage area, *i&^ square miles.] 



Discharge in second-feet. 



I 
Maximum. Minimum. 



350 

1,735 

890 

2,015 

3,a55 

957 

707 

135 

175 

206 

526 

1,415 

3,855 



190 
190 
412 
526 
992 
175 
135 
124 
124 
106 
106 
330 

urn 



Mean. 



Total in acre- 
feet. Swond-feet 
1 \rer square 
mile. 



284 
801 
541 
1,140 
1,767 
348 
228 
128 
136 
155 
302 
668 

r)42 



I 



Run-off. 



17,463 

44,481 

33,265 

67, 835 

108,649 

20, 707 

14,019 

7,870 

8,093 

9,531 

17,970 

41.074 

31)0, i)57 



0.80 

2.27 

1.53 

3.23 

5.01 

.99 

.65 

.36 

.39 

.44 

.86 

1.89 

1.54 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.92 

2.36 

1.76 

3.60 

5.77 

1.10 

.75 

.42 

.44 

.51 

.96 

2.18 

20. 77 



186 



fciTHi:AM MKASIKKMKNTS IN Vm, PART IV, 



{mtfL 



YAKIMA EITER AT KIONA, WASH. 

This Station la the lowest point at which meai^iirement^ have bwti 
Tuade on Yakima River, and i8 located at the wagon bridge one-fourlli 
mile north of the railroad stilt ion at Kiona. The gtige was established 
August i*U, 1895, and eon^iist^d of two partes, one vertical and th^ othfif 
inelinod at an an^le of 30°, It Wius spiked to the t^*jt end of the ^outli 
pier and anchored with rocte. The initial point for sound ines i» on 
the west side of the bridge, liM) feet south of the center r of the smith 
pier of the main span. The channel for about 2(Xi feot both ahove 
and below the station is nearly straight and the water is ipiite swift 
The right bank is low, but is well protected by a levee, and uotsub^ 
ject to overflow. The 4 eft bank is high and rocky. The bed oftte 
stream is of gravel and affords an excellent cross section for discharge 
measui'enients. 

A wire gage was afterwards placed on the lower side of the bridge- 
The distance from the end of the weight to the index marker is 27,21 
feet. From the end of the rod to the out^side edge of the pulley wheel 
i t J s ^ f e e t, iV n e w Ite n c h ni a r k w as e st-a bl i sh ed i ti 1 9 o L It is tl le top ol 
an iron spike in the east end of the cap of the fimt trestle bent of ih< 
bridge approach on the south side of the river. The elevation of tb 
bench mark above the xero of the gage is -0.53 feet and above sea leve 
474, 24 feet. The top of the 2-inch pulley wh€*el of the wire gage is 4.6t 
feet rtbovt* thiss iNi^rich mark. When the itKirkcr oa the wiix'gagel 
at zero, the bottom of the weight has an elevation of 453.71 feet. 

Discharge meaftiirements of Yakima Hivrr at Kicrua, Wash. 



Date. 



Hydrd^mpber. 



1902. 

March 25. | Sydney Arnold 

April 11 do .. 

June 12 - do . . 



June 23 

July 11 

September 2. 
October 21 .. 



.do 

-do 

-do 

do 



Gaffe 
height. 



6.00 
7.70 
9. 00 
H. 00 
6.45 

2.i)r> 



Dischargt 
Second-fee 

4,1c 

7,oe 
9,e)- 

8,3t 
4,1 



5EWELL] 



COLUMBIA BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



187 



Daily gage height, in feet, of Yakima River at Kiona, Wash, 



D»y. 


itm. 


Feb. Mar. 1 


Apr. 


May J 


JUQfi. 


iJuly. 


Aug. 


Wpt. 


Oct. 


Nov. Dec. 


mm, 

t „ 






1-ve ift 

135 fl.^ 
6.30 n.»i 
lifi 1 14£ 

tlW ; 0.75 
ITT) , tt.l» 
iTtr ' ".» 
«.«4 7.7(J 


ir.NG ]0.00 
190' 9.tt) 


1 
(a) 5.00 
ra) 4.96 


1 

, 2.98 

2.K) 

' 2.95 

\ 2.94 


3.78 
3.95 

3.90 


1 
4.31 5.15 


L..... . . 


4.% 5.52 


I.... „.„ 


ft.9Q **,KB 1 ((t) 1 4.82 


4.:i8 5.93 


i..,., 


l^,U i 5.fl> 


O.Wi 
laOTj 

10 40 


»J« ' (a) 


4.7:} 

4.70 


4.40 6.70 


i.^. 


fi,7D 

0^00 
9.15 


110 
100 

its 

100 
IQB 


;2.«*| 3.80 
2.90 8.72 
2.1)0 3.68 
2.«0 3.65 
2.«) 8. ft") 
2.88 8.rK) 


4.40 6.50 


t.... „ _ ...,-..„ 


t!F.3) (b> 1 4. a') 
**jr» (6j 1 4.70 
MJI7 (/') . 4.K() 

rW ('') 14.85 
MJK (/>) 1 4.72 


4.42 6.36 




4.5.8 6.15 


1 


4.58 , 5.95 


l„ ., .. .._ . .. 


4.m 5.90 


KL....^__... 




4.78 .5.85 


11 




h.43 


iri5 


«.«! 7.::i 


IIKINI 


».<«) 6.45 4.5.") 


2.88 8.(J5 


4.^)2 .5.85 


lt.-.-,„.._. 




KIO 


S,lft 


fl.a 7.«fi 

B.ISU ; 7.35 
ft. 410 7ja 


11.40 
ll,flfl 
1L4I» 


7.H5 ; 6.43 i 4.81) 

, 7.11) 0.42 4.22 

7.7W 6.4<) 4.10 


2.88 . 8.ft5 

, 2.S8 8.65 

2.88 W.VA 

2.W) 8.6:j 


5.05 ; .5.70 


BL J 


5. 12 5. 60 


Ml. .._ 


5. 18 5. .50 


tt.^ 




U.ai ' 7.71) 6.20 1 3.1»T 


5.20 .5.:« 


i..... 




T.te 


A 1fl 


«,50 


7.0(J 
7.L& 


njl> ' 7.415 (J.26 ; 3.JW 
10. 05 i l.m fi.2H HST) 


2.98 8.70 

8.00 8.78 

1 8.00 8.80 


5.22 5.30 


tr„„:::;: "'""1 


a, 75 1 7.(10 


5.31 .5.25 


a. ,. 




10, JW 


7.42 ^ 6.25 8.H5 


.5.:^8 .5.30 


M.. 




6LflS 
dflO 


7,10 
7.111 

T.SO 
7.S0 
T.flfi 


18@ 

1% 

1J30 

IB 


7.85 
T.40 

8 JO 


10.40 


7 art '« IK 1 8 78 


8.0:J 8.82 
8.01 8.87 
8.08 8.85 
8.08 8.88 
:t .H 3.90 


5. 70 5. 14 


»..,^. 


1B3 1 7.:»» «.(W 1 8.70 
W.45 t"^ ^5.09 •^.«> 
ft. L'i 1 (a t 6. :fr< 8. r»2 


5. 75 5. 07 


a** .„„ .... ., ...„ 


5. (15 4. 97 


t..„. 


5.5.5 4.92 


■....,,,.. 




l£l 


H.ll) 6.24 8.45 


6.40 1 4.86 


a 


,,^^„^ 


ifia . A,% 


«(.a^ 


a. 75 


fl.4A 


(a) 6.14 3.35 


^riu 3.82 


5.34 1 4.80 


m. 




Q.S& «.7g 
5.0t) 6.50 


100 
110 
110 
113 


9.10 

9.30 

19.40 


O.OD 


7.67 6.02 1 3.16 


:; l;ii 4.00 
f -U 4.07 
:e - 4.13 
.i ;n 4.18 


5.30 1 4.90 


it... 


7.^ 
7 6B 


5.92 1 3.13 
5.82 1 3.10 
5.66 1 3.08 


6.27 ' 4.99 


%. 


6.24 1 .5.30 


^ -..,..... 




5.20 .5.52 


a».-_. 




fi.ao _ 

lao 1 


llfi 
11& 
110 


B.tiS 


11. &) 
11. »i 

lO.K'i 


7.42 

7.44) 


5.42 3.06 

5.27 1 2.9K 

. 5.15 1 2.98 


3.58 4.22 

3.65 4.25 

; 4.27 

Gage broker 


5. 15 5 70 


iL_; "1 


5. \0 ' 5.68 


a.-. 


1 


1 6 10 


- "1 




a 


Observer absent. 






& 


1. 




Rating table for 1 


'akima Ri 


ver at Kiona, W 


ash. 
rge. 
-feel. 


for l'JO:J. 

Gage ' J. 
1 height. 1^ 




[*•■ 


Discharge, j^^^ 


Discharge 

1 

1 " ' 

1 Second- fee 


Gage 

height. 


Dl»cha 


•ischargo. 


/ ^Vpf. 


Second-feet. I J^ecf. 


r.l Feet. 


"Second 


! Feet. 


s 


ecwid-feet. 


/ 2.8 


200 1 5.8 


1 8,310 


1 8.8 


9, 340 


' 11.8 




17, 480 


f :io 


270 


6.0 


1 3,630 


"' 9.0 ! 


9,780 


! 12.0 




18,080 : 


3.2 


370 


6.2 


3, 970 


'1 9.2 1 


10,240 


! 12.2 




18,680 , 


3.4 


490 


6.4 


4,320 


11 9.4 i 10,700 


, 12.4 




19,280 


3.6 


620 


; 6.6 


4,680 


' 9.6 1 11,160 


12.6 


19,880 1 


8.8 


760 1 6.8 


5,060 


9.8 1 11,620 


12. 8 


20, 480 1 


4.0 


910 1' 7.0 


5,450 


i 10.0 1 12,080 


13.0 


21,080 1 


4.2 


1,070 


7.2 


5.a50 


1 10.2 1 12,680 


13. 2 


21,680 1 


4.4 


1,260 


7.4 


6,270 


i; 10.4 \ 13,280 


1 13.4 


22, 280 1 


4.() 


1,490 


7.6 


6.700 


j; 10.0 13,880 


! 13.0 , 


22,880 j 


4.H 


1,760 1 7.8 


7,140 


i: 10.8 


14, 480 


1 13.8 


23,480 1 


.'). 


2,060 


8.0 


7,580 


'i 11.0 


15.080 


! 14.0 


24, 080 ' 


5.2 


2,365 


8.2 


8,020 


i; 11.2 


15,680 


1 14.2 


24.680 ' 


5.4 


2,675 II 8.4 


8,460 


i 11.4 


\6,2B0 


I u.^. 


*i.^,^m \ 


rt.e 


2.090 / 8.6 1 


8 (in(\ 


i' 11 ft 


1ft Aft(\ 


\\ 


\ 








,1 ** 




1 ' 






\ 



Ib8 



STREAM MEASUREMJOSTS IN 1902, PART IV. 



^ttiimnted jntjfjithlif duchanje of Yakifiia Rivtr at Kinnn, WoMk. 



1 




Total in 


Wm<M. 


^^t Mouth. 


MairftimtiTii 


TtfltiimTini. 


HsHti. 


1.^ 

.70 

,t^2 
1,31 

1,42 
,81 
.10 

.06 
.15 
.41 
.56 




■ Jammiy 

■ February . 

August , - - 

_ September - -^ . . ., . 

■ Octolier,.,. 

K Kovember . . 

H Dec<*inb*ir - * , , , 


1U,13J> 
5,850 
4,870 
11,785 
]0,HHO 
12,0»0 

2,060 

t,138 
3,230 

4,S70 


500 

IJ^ 

3.030 

4,055 

10J25 

«,060 

2,38fc* 

202 

2M 

Wl 

K170 

1,700 


# 

6,414 
3,063 

4.381 

18,388 
T, 410 
4,245 
1,009 
30^1 
808 
3,134 
2,017 


»tl4,3^1 
203,433} 
263,228 
408,734 

823, 106 

441,283 1 

381,015 

62,041 j 

18,030 

49.0H2 

r>6,»83 

17^,358 




H The yett£-^..J 


ii^aeo 


Bd4 


4.454 


a,aei,^4 


.85 


1 



YAKIMA RIVER AT UNION GAP, WASH. 

Yakima River enters Columbia River just above the town of Pa 
The first measurement of the river was made at this point on Au{ 
14, 1893. At that time there was an old vertical river rod attache 
the central pier of the bridge. As the foot of this at low water 
covered by rock and could not be read, an inclined gage was pii 
position at the west end of the county l)ridge. This consisted of 
pieces of timber having a total length of 21 feet. These were fir 
secured to timbers, bedded, and loaded with rock. The gage rod 
painted white and lettered in vertical feet and tenths of afoot. A 
this new gage was located, it was ascertained that the readings on 
old gage would be 1.13 feet higher than on the new. The zero of 
new gage was 19.02 feet below the top of the rail of the Nortl 
Pacific Railroad immediateljMvest of the west end of the bridge, w 
was about 40 feet from the gage. The high-water mark at that 1 
showed that a flood had risen to H.SO feet on the old gage. Read 
at this point were begun on October 2, 18'j;), and continued during 
following winter and spring until May ]'>, 1.S04. Owing to the 
struction of the gage by floods the station was for a time abandoi 
During August, 1895, Arthur P. Davis visited the locality and foi 
that the section was not f avora\^\ii lov wvaWvwj; Oi\^<i\v«^\'^<^ \xieasi 
wents. He accordingly select eA Ww^ pvv^sv^wX. s\v\VVm,^\v\v?w\^V* 
at Union Gap, G miles below ISiovVAA XaVywuv, \s a^\\,,?v.vi^\,^ 



: mrKLL.] 



COLUMBIA BIVEB BBAIKAGE BASIN. 



189 



below the highway bridge. It is about 3 miles above the intake of 
the Sunny side eanal. The gage rod is inclined and is attached to a 
willow stump and posts set in the ground. The bench mark is the 
highest i)oint of a large rock mound 43 feet north of the gage and 
6.5 feet east of the ft!nc4.% and is at an elevation of 17.52 feet above 
gage datum. The equipment consists of cable, car, and tagged wire. 
The station is of value as it is the only point near the large irrigated 
area above and below which is unaffected by the taking out of water 
in irrigating canals. 

Discharge measurements of Yakima River at Union Gap, Wash. 



Date. 


Hydrographor. 


1902. 
Julyo.. _ 


Sydney Arnold 


September 3 


. do .... -- . 


November 3 _ . . 


do 







Qasre 
height. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


6. 75 


5.352 


4.10 


917 


4.55 


1,391 



Daily gage height^ in feet, of Ynkitna River at Union Gap, Wash. 

July. I Aug. I Sept. Oct. ! Nov. I Dec. 




190 



tiTREAM MEA9URKMENTS IN im»2, PART IV- 



f*mi(^ 



^Rating ((thlefor Ynkifna Biver at Union Gap^ W€ish,,/tfr I^if. 





Di«ct]&rge, 




DSpdsftrve^ 


1^^. 


Di»rJiftrgn. 




I»MMr|i». 


Ff^t 


S^eond-feM. 


^^f. 


SiefXMid^yVwr. 


fk*f. 


Secmit-ft^t 


¥^t 


SffffWrJmt^ 


CO 


H30 


5,d 


3,150 


7.6 


7,800 


0.4 


1.^,0^1 


i.t 


UU20 


6 J) 


3,550 


7.8 


8,500 


9«« 


w,m 


4.4 


K2S0 


e,s 


a,om 


S.0 


9.900 


9.8 


n,m 


4, a 


U4riO 


ft.4 


4,450 


8.3 


10. mw 


10.0 


17,700 


4.a 


tfiftO 


e.e 


4.6m> 


8.4 


10, aw 


10.5 




r3,o 


t.JMO 


«.d 


5,450 


a. a 


a.noo 


ILO 


5,2 


$.810 


7.0 


5,»50 


8,8 


12,400 


11.5 


21,490 


5.4 


2,m)() 


7.3 


fl.550 


0.0 


Vd.WO 


13,0 


fifi,™ 


5.e 


S,S10 


7.4 


7,150 


1 " 


14.100 







4Mc4i«niisme(tite mad* aim^ this tKbl« vb« constrtsr^«d ebcFW thst It la corr^oi bdowt pi| 
lialglit uf K>00 foei; »bove th»t heisht the disch^rgv «tvon tn tto tik1>le U tcu low, 

S^tf'mct^^d monthttj fim^harge of Yakima Ritier at Union Gap, Waah, 




siwnj.) COLUMBIA RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 191 

NACHES RIVER NEAR NORTH YAKIMA, WASH. 

This station was established August 14, 1893, by F. II. Newell, at 
a point a few hundred yards above the mouth of Naches River, 
near the bridge of the Northern Pacific Railroad. The vertical gage 
▼as nailed to the cribwork on the right-hand side of the river, above 
the railroad bridge, and could be read easily from the track. The 
12-foot mark was 9.97 feet below the top of the rail on the bridge, the 
gage being about CO feet easterly from the rail. The top of the iron 
pier, on the southeast end of the county bridge, was 5.87 feet above 
fchis 12-foot mark. Measurements were made from the county bridge. 
Fhe locality was, however, not favorable for the purpose, as the water 
s very swift, and was broken by the piers of the bridge. Owing to 
he difficulty of securing accurate measurements the readings were 
iiscontinued on September 20, 1894, and not resumed until August 
9, 1895. The flood of November, 1896, modified the channel very 
Teatly, depositing a large mass of coarse gravel and small bowlders 
long the right side of the channel at the section, so that the rod was 
bout 50 feet from the edge of the water at low stages. The cur- 
ent is swift, even at low water. On account of the instability of 
he channel the station was abandoned in February, 1897, although a 
lumber of discharge measurements were made during the season. 
[Tie station was located below the heads of a number of ditches, 
day 19, 1897, a station was established on Yakima River, 5 miles 
ihovQ the mouth of the Naches, at the Northern Pacific Railway 
>ri(lge near Selah, Wash., with the idea that the difference in dis- 
charge between this station and the one at Union Gap would give 
approximately the discharge of Naches River. Two ditches, those 
>f Moxee Valley, are taken out between the two points, but their 
imount is about counterbalanced by that received from Atanum 
l^^reek and the wastage at Old Town. 

The North Yakima station was reestablished on February 1, 1898, 
ind the station at Selah, on Yakima River, was discontinued. Since 
4e reestablishment of the Naches station the river channel has been 
n a condition more favorable for meter observations than formerly, 
discharge measurements are made from the lower side of the high- 
way bridge. A new horizontal gage rod, with wire and weight, was 
ttached to the main span of the Northern Pacific Railway bridge 
t the mouth of the Naches, a few hundred feet downstream from 
ie highway bridge. The length of the gage wire from index to 
>otof weight was 30.41 feet. The pulley distance was 5.844 feet, 
te elevation of top of pulley was 24.57 feet. The bench mark 
"as the top of the north end of east sill of clearance posts, about 150 
^et north of Northern Pacific Railway bridge. Elevation, 23.7<)(; feet 
fcove zero of gage. On December 27, 1898, Mr. Arnold connected the 
i^'iif-ar bridge with this bench mark. The top ol V\v^ wo\W\^^^V 



193 



STliEAM MEABUB£M1£N1% IK WM, PART lY. 



concrete pier was found to be at an elevation of 22*01* feet, and the 

t^p of the bridge jiosit at the 150- foot mark at an elevation of i'>-7S 

feet above Kero. The diMance from the top of the post to the surface 

of the water ha*i been carefally measured at each discharpfe me^une- 

raent, so that the exact river height at the highway bridge in known. 

On iTune 20, ]9i>l, the gage rod and bench mark havniig been dia- 

tnrlMid during alt-erations to the railromJ bridge and approacht^St ft 

new 4*ineh by 4-inch inclined gage nwl was cstablislied on the left 

bank of the river, 30 f6t>t downstream fn>m the railroad bridge. The 

bench mark is r.S.G.S. B.il. established by H, 8. Crowe. It is a 

copper plug marked '*1090 T," Its elevation is 1,089.950 feet hhm 

|i^ level. It is located on Xaehes River opposite the point whei* 

fit empties into Yakima River, in the center of the west end nf ttie 

► Btouc pier of the railroad bridge. The elevation of the zero of tin 

^jngsis 1,070.:22 feet al»ove sea level. The initial point for measure 

fwS6fM is the center of the east pier of the highway bridge. Tb 

lower section of the gage iml is inclined at an angle of 36° 3(>' witl 

i the horizontal* The uxiper section is inclined at an angle of 80 ^ 

Owing to unfavorable t*ondition8 at the highway bridge due te tk 

aceiiniulation of drift and a changing channel, a cable station liaa 

lieen established between the highway l>ridge and the railway brieljiie, 

A ean*f nl measurement under favorable conditions made in VMX\ at 

the lu^w 5<tatiiin made by Geo. H. Bliss gave a distf^harge of 1^1 

seconil-feet at 5.25 feet of gage height, , 

DtRt^harge medantreineiitH of iVriWjw) River near Ntirth Yakima. Wa^h^ 



Dat*5. 



1902. 



April 14 

April JM)...,. 

May 8 _ - 

Jnne 13 

AngHBtaa... 
August 28 - . - 
November 4. 



HydrtwfTBpliet" 



Sydney Arnold . 

do . 

do ...,. 

.,. -do 

_,. ,do -- 

do _- 

...do. 



Hftiglit. 



6.8.5 

7. SO 

7,80 
5. SO 

5.45 I 



Dweburp 



Silt 





a UottMtu^ ut yc^lBi^n bridge. 4 mX]&i sbove gm^iiifi «ttAU<iiii, 



I 



IVELL.] 



COLUMBIA RIYEB BRAINAQE BASIN. 



193 



Daily gaffe height, in feet, of Naches Riv^er tiear North Yakima, Wash. 



^T- 


Jftn. 


Feb. 


Ukr. 


Apr. 

«l30 

6.iO 

e.ao 

6.30 
6,30 
6.W 
150 

7,00 
7.» 
7.«J 
6.1)0 

6, TO 

0.70 

fl.m 

O.fiO 
7,40 
7.50 

8.fln 

W.tR 
T.tii 
7,80 

7. TO 
7.00 
7.50 
7,50 
7.45 
7.40 

7.ao 

7.80 


Mtij. JwanfjJxdjAXug. 


Bept. Oct. 

1 
5.20 1 5.44) 
5.to 5.40 
5. to i A. 40 


Nov, 

5.50 
5. to 
.•i.TO 


Dec. 


IHtt. 

L- .-,...- 

L .„. 


a. SO 

fi.m 
aw 

T.ifi 

T.fiO 

8.10 

7.m 
7.m 

T.4(J 

i.m 

A. TO 
6.60 
fl,50 

a.4& 

0.40 
0.40 

0,30 
«.30 

aao 

ft. BO 
fi.00 
fi.flO 
&.iO 

fiwflO 


&.«0 
5.80 

5.70 
6.70 

a, 70 

5.7(1 
5.70 


USD 
0.40 

a. 80 
aao 

i,80 

a.ff» 

0.4U 
0.45 
0.50 

0.W) 

0.60 
0.5D 
0.40 


7.90 

7.10 


H.IO 

7. to 


7. to 0,to 

7. to : 0.10 


0.to 

0.40 


l_., _.„ 


7. to 7.00 7.20 0.«m 


0,^ 


L. . .-.,-..„. 


7.20 i 7.40 
7.»J 1 7.40 


7. to n.m 
7.10 a. to 


A. 10 1^ 40 5.to 
5,10 5, to 5. to 
5.10 (vto 5.5I» 
hVi ! A. to ' RSn 


0,]O 


l_ ..... 


6.10 


L„„ ,„ 


7.50 [ 7.S0 
7.0) ' T.30 


7,05 5. to 

7 no ! 5 to 


0,ffl) 
5,115 


L -... 


8.90 ! 7,70 6,90 ' h.m 5.10 fi,aO ' 5.110 
8.70 . 8.10 ! fl.80 5,80 1 5,10 5.80 ' 5.W 

».m 8.m > 6.80 1^,80 1 5 JO ' ii.:hi Hjn 

8.85 8.£0 ; 6.80 [ fi.80 5.10 5.9} ! 6.11) 
K.aO i 8.10 6.80 ' 5.70 , 5. 10 ' 5.S» ' 6,m 


5. to 


1 


b,to 




4.10 
6.10 




0,10 


""■^r"' "' 


8.80 
S.80 
8.70 
K,«J 
8.60 
tt.»T 
8.10 
7,80 
7.8f> 
7.7tJ 

I.m 

0,10 

a. £5 

ft. 40 

a no 


7, to 6.80 i 5,70 l'5,10 'ft, to 6,W» 
7.80 6.80 5.fiO 1 ,'V.OG ' 5.0) 6.10 
7.75 , 6.80 ! 5.W 1 5.00 i 5,30 ' 6.10 
7.10 I 6.80 5,5lf ! 5.lir S.to ! 6.S0 


6.10 
6.00 


-" " ' 


5, ao 1 0, in 
e.nf 0.90 
7.00 , «.ao 
7.00 'fi.an 
0,00 fl.3in 


5. to 
5.80 




7.70' fi.80 
7.70 0.70 

I.m 0.70 


5.50 5,00 5,40 fl^ST* 
5.50 5.0fi ' 5,50 1 0.40 
5.50 ' 5 111 5.50 ' 6 :tt 


5. to 




5.70 
5.70 




0.70 
6.70 
6.70 
6.70 
6.70 
6.00 
6.00 


6.£U 
6.3S0 
«.S0 
6.t5 
6.10 

0.10 

0,10 
0.10 

0.10 
0.10 
0.10 

0.10 


im 0.70 5,4(1 , 5,(IJ 5,50 1 6.10 
7.00 0.70 15,40 5.00 5.G0 ' 6.(H) 


5. 70 
5.7t) 


1 


7.HI> 0.70 5.10 

8.m( 0.70 n.m 

8.10 , 0,to 5.H0 
8.10 : 0.60 ' 5,80 

j.m '0.50 5, to 

7.to 0.40 5.to 


5,00 0.10 


5.00 


5.70 


L„^„ . 


5.tJ) 5.40 
5.00 1 5.40 
5.00 fi.40 
5. to ' 5.40 
5. to ' .5.40 
0.40 5.10 
5.50 ! 5.40 
5.S0' 5.40 

l**" 


5,00 
ft. to 

5. to 

5.80 
ft. to 
ft, 70 
S.70 
5,% 


5.80 




5.80 


L............. .-- 

I --. 

r_ 


fl.OD 
6.») 
6.00 


!_.. , .„ 

»,.,._. . „ 


».4o 1 :.oo 0,90 5. a) 

U.20 ' 7.45 0.»^ 5. so 


6.50 
40 


D. 

a...._ ..| 


fi.flO 


:::::: 


8.W 

8.ai 


7.ao 




A. to 
6. to 


ft, to 
5. to 


e,40 

0.to 



Rating table for Naches River at North Yakinui, Wash., for 1002. 



Discharge. 



Gage 
height. 



Second' feet,\\ 

200 ij 

300 1! 

425 II 

570 II 

735 II 

920 11 



IRR 85—03- 



Feet. 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
7.2 

—13 



Discharge. 



Second-feet 
1.125 
1,350 
1,595 
1,860 
2, 152 
2,580 



Gage 
height. 


Diwiharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


7.4 


2,950 


7.6 


3,360 


7.8 


3,810 


8.0 


4,370 


8.2 


5,010 


8.4 


5, 650 



Gage 
height. 

Feet. 
8.6 
8.8 
9.0 



Discharge. 



' Second-feet, 
I 6, 290 
6, 830 
7,470 



194 STREAM MEASCKEMEin^ IN 1002, PABT IT. fws^ 



I 



Mfintli. 



JanaMiy . , 
Pebrtuiry .. 

Mart^h 

April 

Mfty ,.,,„, 
Jubc , . ^ . ., - . 

jiay 

Angnat 

Sppt4?iiiber _ 
October - _ , 
Kov^tuber _ 
DeoembcT . . 



k 



The f^ir . 



DistthnFis^ lA second-fMilu 



Mnxlmtiin. Iflnimnxa. 



8.7.10 

t,?«0 

1.1*5 

495 

1.350 
8,750 



7m 

h03i> 
1,125 
a, 2*1 1 

1.109 
»t)0 

«oo 

650 



aof) 



Total In ac^^o j 



K2I0 

1/211 
2. oris 

51. 783! 

eso 

»T5 



mile. 



Dvplhia 



iiy.47t> 

74,4111 
1124, m 
U«.44€ 

33.H1)» 

ad,sso 



1,740 ' 1,305,899 



I, IN 

L21 

i,:2i 

2.04 

3.73 
1.^ 



im 

.45 

LIS 
^.7S 



TIETON RIVER NEAR NORTH YAKIMA, WASH, 

Tho ^agin^ station on this stream wjis cstablisliecl April U, Ilinj, 
at a point iinniediately below thu mouth of Oak Creok, in soc. 3, T. 1 A 
N., R. 16 E. of the Willamette meridian, and about 22 miles from 
North Yakima by road. The gage rod is inclined at an angle of 55*^ 
with the horizontal and is on the left bank of the stream. It consists 
of a 1 by 5 inch cedar plank supported and braced by stout log»- 
The equipment with which measurements ai-e made consists of a five- 
eighth-inch galvanized-iron cable supporting a wooden car, tag wire, 
and stay wire. The initial point for soundings is a cross chiseled in 
a ledge with a black ring painted around it. It is under the cable, ^ 
feet east of the west shear legs. The observer is Omer Tetherow, » 
farmer. There are no side channels and the banks are not subject to 
overflow. The bed of the stream is rocky, witli shifting gravel bars, 
which make it difficult to find suitable cross-sections for meter meas- 
urements. The point selected for the station is, however, a fairly 
good one, and the channel is straight both above and below the station 
for several hundred yards. 



'.] COLUMBIA BIVKR DRAINAGE BASIN. 195 

Discharge measurements of Tieion River near North Yakima , Wash. 



Date. 


Hydrographer. 


Qacre 
height. 

F^et. 
8.90 
8.55 
8.45 
7.30 
6.90 
6.55 
6.80 


Discharge. 


1902. 

}1 . . 


Sydney Arnold ... 

do 


Second-ftret. 
1,471 


58 


1,106 


6- 


do -. 


906 


jt 25 - 


do 


392 


Qber 16 


do 


306 


er 27 


do 


228 


Qber 29 


.do . - 


289 









Daily gage height, in feet, of Tieton River near North Yakima, Wash, 



Day. 



1902. 



Apr. 



May. June. July. , Aug. Sept. 



8.5() 
8.40 
8.40 
8.30 I 
8.:*) I 
8.30 ! 
8.20 i 



8.10 
8.00 
8.00 
8.00 
8.10 
8.40 
8.80 
9.40 
9.00 
9.75 
9.00 
9.60 
9.40 
9.40 
9.40 
9.60 
9.25 
9.05 
8.85 
8.70 
8.(i0 
8.70 
8.70 
8.80 
9.00 
9.45 
10.05 
10.20 
9.«5 
9.:«) 
9.05 



8.85 
8.70 
8.55 
8.45 
8.40 
8.40 
8.40 
8.70 
9.25 
9.30 
9.30 
8.95 
8.90 
8.85 
8.85 
8.90 
8.fi0 
8.<J5 
8.65 
8.80 
8.90 
9.(« 
9.:*) 
9. Hi 
9.2:^ 
8. 88 
8.75 
8.(53 
8.50 
8.tt2 



8.«0 
8.4:^ 
8.30 
8.35 
8.60 
8.28 
8.13 
8.13 
8.20 
8.30 
8.25 
8.25 
8.10 
8.13 
8.28 
8.40 
8.20 
8.13 
8.25 

s.:i5 

8.40 

H.:«) 
8.:«j 
8.2:} 

8.13 
8. 10 
8.18 
7.9t^ 
7.80 
7. 73 
7.95 



7.98 1 

7.8:^ I 

7.70 
7.68 
7.68 
7.68 
7.83 
7.88 
7.75 
7.70 
7.56 
7.65 
7.53 
7.53 
7.48 
7.43 
7.33 
7.23 
7.18 

7.a.; 

7.2:} 

7.28 I 

7.28; 

7.35 

7.22 

7.25 

7.15 

7.20 

7.10 

7.10 

7.05 



Oct. I Nov. 



I 



7.10 
7.12 
7.15 
7.20 
7.13 
7.20 
7.38 
7.26 
7.18 
7.16 
7.05 
7.a3 
6.93 i 
7.00 ' 
7.(6 I 
6.95 I 
6.87 I 
6.82 I 
(i 85 I 
6.82 I 
6.75 , 
0.75 I 
6.72 I 
6.75 
6.72 
6.72 
7.27 
7.(« I 
(i.88 I 
(J.Ki I 



I 



6.80 
6.75 
6.75 
6.73 
6.73 
6.72 
6.75 
6.75 
6.72 
6.75 
6.75 
6.73 
6.68 
6.70 
6.70 
6.90 
6.9:^ 
6.80 
6.70 
6.70 
6.65 
6. 70 
6.60 
((.(iO 
6.60 
6.60 
6. 60 
6.70 
(5.75 I 
(5.^5 , 
6.65 i. 
I 



T.. I 



6.60 
6.73 
6.80 
6.70 
6.60 
6.65 
6.75 
7.23 
7.33 
7.18 
7.13 
7.08 
6.95 
6.9:^ 
6.90 
7.13 
7.45 
7.:i5 
7.18 
7.13 
7.(6 
7.00 
6.93 
(5.95 
6.90 
(5.85 
(5.85 
6.85 
6.80 
6.85 



Dec. 



7.45 
7.30 
7.25 
7.08 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
7.50 
7.33 
7.23 
7.10 
6.95 
7.00 
7.48 
6.65 
6.63 
(5.58 
6.96 
8.80 
6.90 
6.85 
(5.68 
7.40 
8.10 
7.60 
7.50 

7.:« 

7.25 



,H6 STHKAM MEAsrRKMKNTH IK liMfJ, PABT TV* (i».l 

W Hating tnhit* for Ti**htn Hii^rr nrfir Snrth Vdfeiiiuf, VlVutfc,^ fftr fiffiii^ 



i-Vrf. 

6.4 
0,ft 

7.0 



I 



l3Mh»fv«J 


'^. 


Ilto»tn»ff«M 


liel^iltt 


i^cimttfeifl. 


Fwf. 


&rT)1tcl-/N^ 


#WI. 


m 1 


7.2 


872 


; 8.4 


IIH> 


T.4 


430 


1 8,0 


900 


T.O 


4M 


8.8 


340 1 


7.8 


TifiO 


9.0 


tm 


8,0 


040 


a, SI 


"1 


B,% 1 


750 


9.4 



W""""^ t h'SSt 'w-*-» 



1100 

l,5fl0 
S,070 



9.0 

9.8 

10.0 



3,530 



i 



JCiitimuteti immthijf (Hnt^hargt^ uf 7%tr>M Rit^r tumr North Vahima. Wtttk, 
I DrttliiHgc urea, SW winiu^ ntltea.] 



r 



Month, 



I 



1902. 



Dlncluu^e lu second-CeeA. 



October.---^ 

NovemT»©r. . . 
December . . 



1,980 

IJIO 

6^ 

SfiO 

1.1150 I 



ipllifriwywyyii 



e4o 

900 

S89 
209 
S86 

L>40 
i>3« 



It (SHU. 



i,37a 

779 
450 

4(»9 



Totnllit 



io4aoo 
at,ooo 

47,900 
37, 870 

UK 404) 
16, 290 
19, KH) 

arK 130 



Biiuf<Hf. 



Bwond- 

CLn*t per 



4.77 
3.70 

1.56 
1.1.5 

1,11 
L43 






SPOKANE KIVEK AT SPOKANE, WASH. 

The falls at Spokane, ag^regatint? 142 feet in height, have 
utilized to a considerable extent by a number of flour mills, i\s Wk 
by the power plant of the Washington Water I^ower Company, w 
furnishes electric power for the street-ear service and for the ligl 
of the city. The river station established by C C. Babb, Octobc 
1896, is a short distance .above Spokane Falls, at the bridge of 
Oregon Railway and Navigation Company. The rod of the fii*st 
gage was fastened to the upper guard i-ail in tlie west span of the bri 
The distance from the end of the weight to the index was 22.0() 
and from the zero of the rod to the outside edge of the pulley 
feet. The gage was connected with a bench mark of the city < 
neering^ department and referred to sea level, the rod datum I 
1,880 feet above sea level. The channel is straight for some disti 
above and below the section. The bed is gravelly and is practi< 
unchangeable. The banks are high and are only overflowed du 
extraordinary floods. 



.1 



COLUMBIA BIVEB DBAINAOE BA8IX. 



197 



ring 1901 new gages and bench marks were established at this 
The bench mark is a railroad spike driven into the electric- 
pole close to and on the south side of the railroad track, at the 
end of the bridge, at an elevation of 1,8I)0.S(» feet. The new 
cage on the north side of the west span of the bridge is the one 
for recording the gage height. The zero of this gage is at an 
ion of 1,879.35 feet, coinciding exactly with the i)osition of the 
>f the old gage. The distance from the end of the weight to 
arker is 22 feet, the same as for the old gage, but the distance 
the zero of the rod to the outside edge of the pulley is now 1.00 
As a safeguard, a new vertical gage rod has also been placed on 
est face of the west pier of the bridge, the datum of which cor- 
nds with that of the wire gage. 

i Oregon Railway and Navigation Company's bridge to which the 
is fastened and from which measurements of flow are taken, has 
under reconstruction during 1002, so that no gagings could be 
during that year. The bed of the river, however, has not changed, 
he 1901 rating table is applicable for the 1002 discharges. 

Daily gage lieight, in feet, of Spokane River at Spttkane, Waah. 



D»y. 



1V«. 



Jul. 



a«o 
%m 

a. so 
aso 

a. 30 
a so 

a. 90 

4.ai 

4.45 

4.70 
4.W 

4,TU 
4.TIJ 

i.ao 
4.Jifi 

i 4.«i 
' 4.30 

\ 4.a() 

' 4.20 
I 4.10 
' 4.05 
I 3.95 
' 3. HO 
3.70 
A.m 
' 3. 45 



Fab. 



%1A 

%va 

3.00 
SLflU 

tM\ 
tBO 

t.m 

a. 75 
t.»y 
s;.H5 

3. (15 
3.85 
3.95 
4.U) 
4.10 
4.30 
4. :« 
4.50 

4. (SO 



Uht. 



S.2U 



:■/« 



47t) 
tT5 
4.W 
4. HO 
4.W 
4,7u 
iM^ 
4. TO 
4.74) 
4.70 
4.711 
4,70 
1,70 
I.TU 
4.75 

^.:o 

4. VI^ 

A.ik) 
4.50 
4. 45 
4.4<) 
4.Ji') 
4.JJ5 
4.20 
4. 15 
4.10 
4.JI5 
4.00 
3. 90 
;/. HTy 



lipr, M»y. Jtin«). July. Aujf- Sept. Ottt. , Nov.' IXv 



a:o 

am 
a 70 

a75 

^.m 

4JU 
4,4."^ 

4.70 

5. lit 

ri.uu 

5.00 

I 5.U) 
I 5. 10 

I 5.:«) 



tsjui 

4k (Wt 

a (ft 

fl.lYi 
6.05 

6. 15 ; 

«.40 \ 7. 
6.(50 ' 7, 
6.95 I 7. 
7.30 j 7, 
7.40 7. 
7.60 



m I 4.55 
40 I 4.45 
9} i 4. 45 



I 



5.«0 
5. 90 
(5.00 
6.(»5 
({.10 
»i. (6 
(i.(r> 
6. 05 



I 



s.oo 

H.35 
H.40 
8.50 
8.50 
8.55 
8.70 ; 5 
9.05 5 
9.40 5 
9. 70 5 
9. 80 5 
9. 80 5 
9. 70 4 
9. 70 ; 4 
9. 70 ! 4 

9.70 I.. 

I 



4.55 

4.85 
6.05 
6.45 
6.]N) 
7.(fi 
7.10 
7.(J5 
6.95 
6.80 
CJ.65 
6. 50 
6.:«l 
6.1.1 
5.U5 
5.75 
5.60 
5. 4."» 
5. 35 
5. 10 
5.00 
4.90 
4.70 
4.50 
4.40 
4.:*) 

4.ai> 

4.W> 



! 3.80 

' 3.75 

3.65 

3.55 

, 3.45 

3.40 

I 3.30 
3. 10 
! 3.05 
I 3.00 
I 3.95 
I 3.90 
I 3.85 
J3.75 



-I.;.; 



3. 

'(» 
3. 65 
3.60 
3. (JO 
3. 50 
3.50 
3.50 
3.5(1 
3. 45 

3.:r> 

3.^5 

3.:>» 
3.:i5 



2.15 I 

2. 10 \ 

2.(6 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

3.00 

l.J« 

1.90 

l.W \ 

1.90 

1.90 

\M) 

1.85 

1.85 

1.80 

1.80 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

\.1t» 



1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1. 75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.65 

1.60 

1.60 

1.60 

1.55 , 

1.55 

1.55 

1.50 \ 

1.50 \ 

1.50 

1.60 

1.60 ' 



1.70 

1.70 

1.70 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.90 

3.25 

3.50 

3.60 

3. 70 

3.80 ' 

3.85 ' 

3.«) 

3.90 

3.00 ' 

3. 10 > 

3.30 j 

3.30 I 

3.35 I 

3.35 j 



3.35 
3. 15 
3. 15 
3.05 
3.00 
3.95 j 



I 



\ 



8.00 
3.00 
8.05 
3.(6 
3.06 
3.(» 
3.(r> 
3.00 
3.00 
3.(6 
3. 15 
3.35 
3.:i5 
3.50 
3.55 
3.50 
3.45 
3.45 
3. :r) 
3.35 
3.20 
3. 15 
3. 15 
3. 10 
3.06 
3.06 
3.05 
3.05 
3.10 



-\' 



STBEAM ME\^ITREMKNT8 TN 1&02, PART IV. |m* 

i^afzri^ table far SjHikane RiPtrr at SfM*k(im\ Wa*h.,/fjr IBQi. 



l^t. 


ni»iGtattrir&. 


luil^. 






DlMdattt««/ 


iSsi 


Dteciiftrv*, 


Fmt 


MiJMHI^M^ 


Jhmi. 




¥^t 


i^rfxmd-frft 


ua 


1,841 


s,e 


6.323 


6.6 


14.2SS 


0.4 


n,mi 


L» 


1,611 


4.0 


7,000 


B.8 


14,885 


0.6 


24.531 


V.4 


1,8B7 


4.2 


7,4^ 


7.0 


15,525 


0.8 


%%/m 


1.0 


2. mi 


4.4 


r,owi 


7. a 


10, 173 


mo 


26.01^ 


t.i 


2,517 


4.B 


H.IHJSi 


7.4 


in,K20 


10* S 


2«.75» i 


a,o 


1S,H51 


4.8 


&.0£8 


7.6 


17.41M 


10.4 


27,riifi 


s,s 


3.2041 


iSJ) 


9.505 


7.8 


18J65 


10.6 


38,363 


S.4 


S.5fl6 


5.3 


10.114 


a.o 


IS,SI5 


m^ 


t!0,{Bl 


3.6 


:i iMO 


ft* 4 


10,67^ 


8,fl 


io,5aa 


11. 


20,7S7 


2.8 


UJ?4rt 


n.6 


u.im 


8.4 


m.^m^ ' 


n.9 


m,m , 


B.O 


4. T41I 


5.8 


11,^24 


8.fl 


30,038 1 


11.4 


,11.825 1 


!i.a 


5 J 73 


0.0 


12,416 


s.y 


si.oafi 


11.6 


^2jm 


8.4 


n,64l0 


(J. 3 


]:i,019 


0.0 


23,S51 


u.a 


^,}^ 


H.6 


6.050 


6.4 


18^631 i 


0.2 


2J,073 


IS,0 


m,fm 



Eaiimatftl nw^ithl^ dimliarge of Spokane River at Spt^cane^ Wmk. 



Montb. 



January , ,, 

February ^^,- 

March .<.--... 

April --- 

May *„^ ,.,,,, 

Jnne-,.- - 

July. ^.--^ 

Angn«t - 

Se[itember . 

Oct<>l)©r .._.--.-._.. 
November . ,......, 

December .,_. 



DlicbarKis in aocsodd-teut. 



Maxlmttm. 



The year . 



8,764 

8,/308 

0,02« 

12,710 

25, 360 

24,531 

15,848 

6,52a 

3,113 

2,437 

5,046 



25,260 



MlnimanL. 



5, 173 
4,341 
6, 52:t 
0.2H9 
12,418 

8,im 

7.(MW1 
3.2<M) 
2,437 
2,04^ 
2,3.1^ 
4,740 



H^n. 



fi. 750 

5,453 

8,215 

I),61H 

18,558 

15,110 

11,333 

4,464 

2,647 

3,280 

4, OKI 

5,115 



iii*rH-f*N?t. 



2,046 I 7,788 



415, 5&5 
3(>2,H44 

57^i,3n 
1.141,087 
8&0,107 
090.075 
374,481 
157,. 'j07 
140,745 
3aH.012 
:514,.50JI 



5. 051.004 



Rim-uff, 






t.60 
1.30 
3.05 

2.40 
4.63 
5.77 j 
2.80 I 
Ml 
.66 
. 57 
1.00 
1.28 



1.04 



DppthUt 



1.9Q 

1,42 
3.58 

.74 

1.12 
l^ 

36,47 



nmL] OOLUHBIA BIVEB DBAINAGE BASIN. 199 



MISSOULA RIVER AT MISSOULA, MONT. 

This station, established July 10, 1898, is located at Higgins Avenue 
bridge in Missoula. The river at this point flows in two channels, 
and in order to study their fluctuations a second rod was placed on 
the south channel January 28, 1899. This second rod is vertical and 
attached to the pier of the bridge. The readings of the two rods were 
made to correspond on the date of the establishment of the second 
rod. The original rod is known as rod No. 1, and the gage in the 
south channel is known as rod No. 2. Discharge measurements are 
always made at the bridge of the Bitterroot Valley division of the 
Northern Pacific Railway, some distance lielow the Higgins Avenue 
bridge. The river at this point is practically in one channel, except 
in times of flood, when some water finds its way through a slough 600 
feet south of the bridge. On account of the difficulty of accurately 
measuring the fluctuations of the river at rods Nos. 1 and 2 a third 
rod was placed May 27, 1899, below the junction of the two branches 
and 150 yards east of the railroad bridge. The rod at this point con- 
sists of a horizontal 20-foot timber bolted to a cottonwood tree imme- 
diately below the buildings of the Garden City Bottling Works. The 
rod is securely braced with timbers both above and below and guyed 
by wires on l)oth sides. To the horizontal timber is attached a wire 
gage, the length of which is 22 feet. The bench mark consists of a 
United States Geological Survey iron post, at the junction of McCor- 
miek and West Cedar streets, 100 yards east of the gage, on the north 
side of the highway. Its elevation above sea is 3,194.642 feet. The 
top of the horizontal bar of the gage, at a point exactly over the iron 
bolt which holds the rod to the cottonwood tree, is 3,178.338 feet. The 
freight of the river was read at the three rods during 1899, but all 
inbeequent readings have been made from No. 3. 

During 1902 the following discharge measurements were made by 
1 B. Waters: 

April 24: Gkige height, 4.61 feet; discharge, 2,570 second-feet. 
April 24: Gage height, 4.59 feet; discharge, 2,542 second-feet. 
July 12: Gage height, 5.97 feet; discharge, 5,302 second-feet. 
Aag^ast27: G^e height, 4.02 feet; discharge, 1,941 second-feet. 



[ 



200 OTIiKAM MKA6URKMKNTI* IN 1902, PART lY. 

iJaity yug^ hfiahit infeei, of Mi^atyula. Biver at Missoula ^ Mont, 



F 


Dny. 


Ii&. 


P*b. 


:i , 


I0UI. 


(*) 


C'l 


Jg... : . .. 








1 ' 


— 


Sw-- -.- 


..^. ......... 




^.,-,. 


IL...*.. 








(f„— „ 


...>•«.«........*' 




*.«*** 


Iks..^ 


,-..**4«....^**... 




----1.* 


^,-..^ 


tfd...-*.. .-•*.-'-- 




(*) 




- -^"- 




*...-. 


tl ^^ 


_,,^J^»»,*i****.* 


'^"-■^ 










11* 






W^ ' ' * *' 




(■•) 


KJ 






|r 




a» 




fei:.: — :... 


:::::: 


^d) 


u^* 






Ul 


(«) 




w 




^ 






4.IJ6 


fl 






i.0& 


^, ... .-.. - - 




ill) 


!>.„......-..„-.„...... 






aB_.„. .♦*. 






» -^,^^- - - 


i«» 






" Ico at ^oigo. 



Rating table for MiHsoula Rii^er at Misstuda, Mont,, for 1902, 



Gage 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge. 
Secijnd-feet . 


Gage 
height. 


Dis<;harge. 


luM^'ht. 

Fvi't. 


Discharge. 


i 

Gaare 
height. 

Feet. 


Discharge, i 


Fet't. 


Second-fee t. 


Svcntul-feet . 


Second'feft. 


8.4 


1,525 


5.2 


3.610 


7.0 


7,695 


8.8 


12,a50 


3.6 


1,650 


5.4 


4,010 


7. 2 


8, 2(K) 


9.0 


13,475 


3.8 


1,780 


5.6 


4. 435 


7.4 


S, 750 


9.2 


14,120 


4.0 


1,940 


5.8 


4. 875 


7.r> 


9, 250 


9.4 


14,725 


4.2 


2,115 


6.0 


5,325 


7.S 


9,S10 


9.6 


15,4-25 


4.4 


2, 320 , 


6.2 


5,790 


H.O 


10,400 


9.8 


16,125 


4.6 


2,570 ! 


6.4 


6,230 


8.2 


11,000 


10.0 


16,825 , 


4.8 


2,870 1 


6.6 


6,740 


8.4 


11, OK) 






5.0 


8,240 

1 


6.8 


7,205 


8.6 

1 


12,250 







WILL] COLOMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 201 

Eitimated monthly discharge of Missoula River at Missoula, Mont, 
[Drainage area, 5,900 square mileA.] 



Month. 



1902. 

rch - 

ril.. 

y 

le 

y 

gust 

>tember . . 

tober 

vember.. 



Dischanre in second-feot. 



member, 14 days . 



Maximnm. 



1,900 
3,050 
17,350 
15,775 
6,975 
2,637 
1,865 
1,980 
2,215 



Minim am. 



580 
715 
787 
212 
787 
865 
715 
750 
650 



M(«n. 



Total in 
acro-feet. 



I 



1,766 
2, 383 
10, 236 
8.a52 
4, 725 
2,136 
1,778 
1,808 
1,875 
2, 236 



Ran-off. 



Second-feet ^^^th 



108,587 ' 
141,798 i 
629,:J87 i 
526,771 I 
290,529 I 
131,338 ; 
105,798 I 
111,170 ' 
111.570 
62,091 



0.30 

.40 ' 

I 
1.72 

1.49 ! 

.79 I 
.36 ' 
.30; 
.30 I 
.31 I 
.38 i 



0.35 
.45 
1.98 
1.66 
.91 
.42 
.33 
.35 
.35 
.20 



BITTERROOT RIVER NEAR GRANTSDALE, MONT. 

Phis station was established April 25, 1902, by H. B. Waters. It 
ocated on the highway bridge 2 miles southwest of (Trantsdale and 
niles southwest of Hamilton, Mont. The gage i.s the usual wire 
)e fastened to the downstream truss of the bridge. It is graduated 
feet and t-enths and is read daily by T. J. Holt who lives about a 
irter of a mile north of the gage. The stream at this section is 
aight and has a moderate velocity. The right bank has a gentle 
pe and is liable to overflow. The left bank is high and rocky. The 
I of the stream is composed of gravel and bowlders. Bench mark 
. 1 is a wire nail driven in the northeast side of a largo pine stump 
I marked B. M. 24.40. The stump is across the road from the 
Jt end of the bridge. The elevation above the zero of the gage, 
to feet. Bench mark No. 2 is the northwest bolt in the northwest 
itment plate of the bridge. It is marked B. M. 19.30. Its eleva- 
1 above the zero of the gage is 19.30 feet. 



202 BTBEAM MKASURKMK^JTfcl W iWl, 1*ART TV. t 



JK ItelA 




iirdrQ^rii|]li«f. 


^. 


m^h 


ApriPiTi 


H.B. 


Waters 

D ^ . ^ ^ . . . . . 


... 




9. as 


*- 


jtiiv li .^... . 


d 






aa_, . , _ 




Do - - - 


do __.. .^.. 




1 




J.S.n*ikpr . 





- - ■ 






^H |}rri7^ ffaffe htighi 


,111/* 


*rp o/ Bittm^mot Ri 


i¥7* nrat Gra 


ut*tM^, Mant 


^1 Oar 


Mvir. 


mr 


Jvkm. 


Jflly. 


A^. 


B^U 


OiA. 


Not. 




t.. ,..^. 




4.00 
4,111 

h. Ill 


a,J0 

5.«0 
4.110 

ifiO 
4.fif» 

«.30 

ri.ro 

r» 411 


^.»i 
».40 

a, HI 
aiti 

4.00 
8.711 

a,wi 

^40 
^,.10 
H.flii 

n. m 

:t. 411 

T4, HI 

a III 

3,91 

n3!> 
:i> in 

14. in 

am 
;iiM] 

tf, VII 

t m 
J?, 70 


s.ao 
tm 

ISO 
£J0 

leio 

%.m 

LUl 
LWI 
l.l!0 
1.1N1 

T-HII 
l.KI 
LrtI 
LNI 

l.m 

1.MI 

r.Hri 
1,70 
LTll 
L7II 
1 , tVi 

i.iai 
llll 

\.m 

1 io 
i,4r* 


1.411 

i.ao 

l.W 

i.ao 
i.aa 
l.m 

1/10 

i.io 

1.10 

l.d) 

L,^l 
MO 
1.10 

l.ur 

1,10 

i.m 
Laoi 

LSII 
1.141 
UI1 

i.;i3 
l.:«i 
1, 41 
1.411 
1 01 

\,oi 

1.40 

hm 


L40 
U# 
L4(l 

l.»t 

Lao 

L60 


- .Bfe*,^** 






^»,<- 




c*^..*..^.^^»4..«..^.«. 








' ».„ «.... 


-.«.,. 


,.»4l^..^ 




i f, ...,.....*,„ 






' i . _,. . 






ft,- ..^...—^^^^. 


LWi 


10,-.. ..,.„„. 

11 - -^ 




l.rti 


l£. 




LOO 1 i.w 


13 




h, »» .5, di 
fKHfi n III 

A,li» 4.riO 
A 411 4JII 
4.111 4.4<J 
i.frfl Mil 
4,10 4,ltf» 
K.MI 4.11^ 

'4^m> 1 111 

aHl» 4 •1l> 
4, in 4.iHt 
4.31 4,:i> 
4,;%»: 4.10 
.vwi 4.m 


L»> 1 l.TU 


1# -. . 




L40 
L40 


J-70 


U 




l.TO 


lA 




L4<l I.TIJ 


ir;: 




U40 , 1.711 


li. 


^ 


LTiO 


l.Tli 


n -....— ,..- 




1.T1I 


SI 


ISO 170 


IL 




lJd\ I Ml 


tt_ , _.. 




l.iai 1,711 


0L 




I ivi :iJMi 


ii_.- .-.* ... . .* .., 




l.rio g.ia 


it,,. .._ 

».-... ..„.,.„.„, 

A _ 


)l.flO 


L50 l.tll 
LTfll l.tHl 

i.r^i i.an 




»... - 

id 


n,Ho 
auo 


0.ftO 


l,tii> 


LIU 




31 


.... -- 













^"^'^l COLUMBIA HIVEB DRAIKAOE BASIN. 208 

Jiattng talde for Bitterroot River near Orantsdale, Mont., for 190e, 




IHacharge. 


Oaee 
heWht. 


S^€wul-/eet 


Feet. 


125 1 


2.4 


150 


2.6 


205 


2.8 


280 


3.0 


1 395 


3.2 


^0 


3.4 


* 700 


3.6 

1 



»««''»^ h^t. 



Discharge. ! 



Gage 
height. 



Discharge. 



Secomi-feet.l Feet Second-feet. Feet. ^Second-feet. 



900 
1,150 
1,430 
1,745 
2,085 
2,450 
2,850 



3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 

4.6 

4.8 
5.0 



3.255 
3,700 
4,140 
4, 575 
5,005 
5,440 
5,000 



5.2 
5.4 
5. 6 

5.8 
6.0 
6.2 



6,380 
6,a55 
7,325 
7,790 
8,340 
8,970 



II 



mi 



^^lated monthly discharge of Bitterroot River near Orantttdale, Mont. 
[Drainage area. 1,55() square miles ] 



^onth. 


Dlscha] 
Maximum. 


rge in second 
Minimum. 


1902. 
April 25-30 






May... 


11,075 

9,285 

3,700 

790 

205 

280 

615 

1,150 


900 


Jnne. 
July 


3,050 
900 


-^^^tigt 


205 


^tember 


135 


^^l)er 


205 


^^Vember._ 

Member 


280 
340 







Mean. 



1,085 

4,823 

5,176 

2,143 

428 

167 

242 

353 

472 



Total in 
a<rre-foct. 



12,912 

296, 555 

307,993 

131,768 

26,316 

9,937 

14,879 

21,005 

29,022 



Run-<^ff. 



IK r Hnuar< i,„.h»*. 



quar<» 
lie. 


inches. 


0.70 


0.16 


3.11 


3.59 


3.34 


3.73 


1.38 


1.59 


.28 


.32 


.11 


.12 


.16 


.18 


.23 


.26 


.30 


.« 



PALOUSE RIVER NEAR HOOPER, WASH. 

For some distance above Hooper, Palouse River consists of a snc- 
^ssion of deep pools, from 10 to lo feet in depth, connected by short 
Piffles. Its valley is about one-half mile in width and bordered with 
basaltic cliffs approximately 30() feet in height. 

The measurements of Palouse River are of value in showing the 
amount of water that could be utilized for irrigation on the lands of 
Washtucna Valley, and in the section north of Pasco. The gaging 
station was established April 1, 1807, by the land department of the 
N^orthern Pacific Railroad. September 9, 1897, the Geological Survey 
jook charge of the station, i)lacing the gage rod 1 mile Inflow the former 
ocation and opposite the water tank, and stretching a cable across the 
»iver for discharge measurements. The rod is inclined, and fastft^wvid 



i>i>4 



STBEAM MEA&UKEMENTB IPT imt, PAKT IV, 



(NO. IfcJ 



to posLs driven into the righl bank. The bendj mark i^ a point of 
rock, iiiarketl with n*d paint, uii h h^d^a oq the left t>ank of the rivet 
cippos i I ts t h e pi^e , and i ts © 1 e va ti on is 7j\\ > fee t. a ho v e d a t u m . W Hon 
the new gai^e read» l*. 1 feet the height on the Northern Pacific liailroAd 
gage is 0. 1 feet. The channel in ^jravelly and not liable to i^lian^. 
The left l>ank 18 hi^^h and can not overflow. Tht* right hank overflfm> 
at4;^xtreine high water. The initial point for s^ounding is the cjihlo 
post on the left l)ank. The sstatlon i» alxnii II niiliM* aliove the moath 
of Cow C -reek J and 2 miles below the head of the ditch of the Palouse 
Irrigation Company, carrying 25 aecund-fcet when fnU* No measun^ 
monts were made dnring li+Ol^ the rating table for 1 !*<>() bein^ ns*^l for 
that year. The 11' 02 talile gives larger discharges, and it is prubabls 
that the discharges as published for llinj are Uxi smalL 
The following discharge measurements were made during HKJ:J: 

.Ttily 10: riaf?o height, H*80 f©et; ditst*hargp, 5H2 wcoad-feet. 
KLiveni7i©T fi: Gage ht^ight, U.83 fmit; dlMi^iarjp^, 71 se<x>iid-feet. 

^ Daily gagt^ fmght, in fmt^ of Puloii4U' River nmr Himper^ Wtmh, 



D»y. 



!_,.,_..„_., 

t 

4.,„, , 

E ,.,__. 

e.„. 



W-,. ,„, 

U-.... 

n „„„.. 

14 ,-*. 

»-.,„.,-.,„-. 

Ifi. — „,., 

17 „ -, 

W- .-_-.... 

1». -.-. 

»„,,, 

n.--.. -. 

n.^ -- 

£S., „„, 

»t„,.„_ ,___., 

m. -.-. 

».„„,--.„„. 

m... .,,-, 

m. -.-— 

9 „. 

a)--, ,, 

m .-... 



JA». Fftlx Mur. i&fir. Kky. Jtijici. J'uly. Ans. B^pt. Dot. Hov. Dec 



£.!« 

a. TO 
a. 50 
a.7<> 

4.09 

a. 00 

3.111 

3.00 
Jf.lO 

e.io 

H,0& 

i.a> 

3. HO 
1.75 
1.TU 

1.80 



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"IWEIX.J 



OOLdMBIA BIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



205 



Rating table for Palouse River near Hooper, Wash., for 190S, 



heifl^t. 


Diflcharge. 


fert. 


Second-feet 


0.6 


63 


.8 


69 


1.0 


75 


1.2 


85 


1.4 


95 


1.6 


106 


1.8 


118 


2.0 


130 



Feet. 
2.2 
2.4 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 



Second'/eet.^ 
150 i 
175 I 
205 
240 I 
280 I 
325 
380 
455 



Oasre 

height. 


Diflchargre. 


Gage 
helKht. 


Discharge. 


Feet. 


Second-feet. 


Feet. 




3.8 


535 


6.0 


1,835 


4.0 


625 


6.5 


2^.150 


4.2 


725 


7.0 


2; 465 


4.4 


835 


7.5 


2,780 


4.6 


953 


8.0 


3,095 


4.8 


1,079 






5.0 


1,205 






5.5 


1,520 







Estimated monthly discharge of Palouse River near Hoiyper, Wash, 
[Drainage aroa, 2,210 square miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

nuary 

jbmary ... 

arch - 

pril 

[ay 

une 

% 

LUgnst 

eptember . . 

kJtober 

Tovember . . . 
tecember . . 



Discharge in second-feet. 



Maximam. 



The year . . 



625 

2,906 

1,709 

725 

2,087 

325 

1,142 

85 

66 

70 

220 

1,520 

2,906 



Minimum. 



106 

100 

280 

240 

175 
95 I 
87 I 



64 
60 

m 

67 
106 

60 



Mean. 



216 

1,088 

716 

370 

515 

150 

178 

75 

62 

07 

118 

452 

334 



Run-off. 



Total in ; 
acre-feet. Second-feet rko«*ii {« 



13,281 

60,424 

44,025 

22,076 

31,666 

8,926 

10,945 

4,612 

3,689 

4.1H1 

7,081 

27, 792 

238, ()98 



0.10 1 
.49 ! 
.32 i 
.17 ' 
.23 
.07 
.08 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.05 
.20 

.15 



0.12 
.51 
.87 
.19 
.27 
.08 
.09 
.03 
.03 
.03 
.06 
.23 

2.01 



WEISER RIVER NEAR WEISER, IDAHO. 

The drainage basin of this river is mountainous and rocky, in con- 
ast to the well-wooded areas of the Boise and Payette basins, and 
le effect is shown in the high flood discharges and low summer flow. 

number of small ditches utilize considerable water from this river, 
it the principal canal is the Galloway canal, which irrigates lands 
>rth of Weiser. Above this canal is a bench country susceptible of 
iltivation if water could l)e brought to it. The gaging station, estab- 
jhed Deoemher 6, 2894, is located in the canyon oi tti^ tv\^t^ «^iQ>\\>\^ 



STREAM HEAaUEEMETHB IN tOOC, PAKT IV, 



'^, K?, 



iniles fiH>m Weiser, The K**g*^ rod whieh was s#^t ui IKHH wiwi covered 
dnriri;^: the pro<?ess of grading for the rc>adl>ed of the new Pacific she) 
Idahti N mi hem Uailnmd, ii lino Intended to run frum W{*iHcr tr^ tbe 
Mining counlry in tliu tuountainoUH difttrict tt> th*^ ntirth. Th** ruiW 
gfigt*, k»cat4*don 0<!iol>Br31, IHiKt, itM)ft»etabove thcoUltHus is incliiMil 
andlJoUcd to h rock hliiff; L15 fefit ahiiig ih<* gjt;^i* cunai'* one fm^t in 
elevation. The l>om*h mark consists of a cn»!<(S cut in the lop of Uk' 
Jiiva rim rock above tho ^n,^^ and h at an idm ation of tiM^i fwt. The 
olovation of tho mm of the ga^e takeu from tho IcvcJi* of tho railiTJ^l 
iM iJl*L*l4 ff^ot almvo sen lev^eL Dhehargc moaKnrcmontii aro maJ^ 
from a cable and cni- about 3*N) feet below tho gage. Both bankft nm 
high and not liable to overHow. The bod of the river is of gravel and 
not Hkoly to change* 
Tho following discharge measurenients we no made during 19M^: 

tlnno M: Gnge height, 2.20 feet: discharge, 87 1 ftecDud-feet. 

J«ly HI: CHge height, 1.2t) feet; discharge, a 10 Bi[<^oiid-feet 

August 4: Ua^e height, 0.40 foot; di*(charge, 53 iocond-feet. 

8cpt4^mher 18: Gage height. O.SO foot; diatiharget ^t\ j^econd-feet, 

iMily gttge height, in feet ^ of Wefjser Hi^mr tmir Wtiimr^ ItloA^, 



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LIS i.ai 

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!£.»ii I n.m 
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a 10 _.....' 



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nwiu.] 



COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



207 



Rating table for Weiser River near Weitter^ Idaho, for 1002, 



^^ Dfacharge. ' ^^ JDisc-harKe. 



Fert. 

0.2 

.4 

.6 

.8 
1.0 
1.2 
1.4 
1.6 
1.8 



Second-ftet. 
39 , 
71 

lai I 

150 , 

215 j 

290 

375 

470 

585 



Feet. 

2.0 
2.2 
2.4 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 



Second-feet. 
720 
875 
1,050 
1,235 
1,425 
1,625 
1,840 
2,075 
2,325 



I 



hefg^bt. ^*-»-'^- h»|I>^^^ 



Feet. 
3.8 
4.0 

4.2 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5. 2 
5.4 



Secimtl-feet. , Feet. Second-feet. 



2, 585 
2.K55 
3, 125 
3,395 
3,6<r> 
3,935 
4, 205 
4,475 
4, 745 



5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
7.2 



5,015 
5,285 
5,555 
5,825 
6,095 
6,365 
6,635 
6,900 
7,170 



I 



Estimated monthly diacharge of Weiner River iieor Weiser, Idaho. 
[Drainage ar(3a, 1,B70 wiuare milw.] 



Month. 



1902. 
Jannaiy 
February ... 

March 

April 

% 

Jnne 

July 

^agiwt 

September . 
Oi*tober . . . . 
Nf )vember . . . 
Det«ml>er . . . 



DiBcbarge in second-feet. 



Run-<jff. 



[imam. 


Minimam. 


Mt^n. 


Total in 
arre-feet. 


StM 

pe 


ond-feet 
r Houare 
mile. 


Depth in 
inches. 


585 


290 


:W8 , 


23, 857 




0.23 


0.27 


7,340 


250 


3,0H6 


171,:^88 




1.85 


1.93 


3,9:J5 


720 


1,456 


89,526 




.87 


1.00 


3, 120 


685 


1,886 


112,225 




1.13 


1.26 


3,46:^ 


1,378 


2,354 ' 


144,742 




1.41 


1.63 


2,720 


618 


1,546 


91,in)3 




.93 


1.04 


795 


96 


3H4 , 


23,611 




. 23 


.27 


115 


39 


68 : 


4,1H1 




.04 


.05 


87 


39 


58 


3,451 




.03 


.03 


l.-H) 


87 


110 


6, 761 




.07 


.08 


290 


150 


248 


14,757 




.15 


.17 


2,075 


290 


IMH 


56, 44(J 




. 55 


.63 



The year . 



7,340 



39 I 1,0 1'J 

I 



742.941 



. 62 



H.36 



BOISE RIVEK NEAR BOISK, IDAHO. 

The station, eHtablishcd December 15, I8!)4, is located about 'J miles 
above Boise, Idaho, at the mouth of the canyon. The original gajife was 
in two sections: The lower part is of :! by inch plank, inclined, and 
marked from 1 foot to 7.5 feet; the upper part is a 4 by 4 inch timber, 
placed vertically, anil mark(Ml from 7.5 to 1:3 feet, both portions 
painted white. The l)ench mark for it was a bridji:e spike driven 
into a Cottonwood tree 20 feet from gage and 20 feet from tv\^\, 1^^~ 



20B 



STREAM MKASUREMKKTH tK HHKi, PART IV, 



niileii from Weiser. Tlie i^ngc rod whicU wiis a<.^t in 18^)8 was cavi 
dnrinjtr the process of ijrading for the r«ain*ed of the new Pacific 
Idahu Northern Kuilniad, ii line iiitended to run from Wc'iser to 
.mitiin|;r country in tiK* niouuliiinouH distriet to tha north* The r 
P^ IocaUhI on OekilM^r ill , I Htitl^ UK) feet above the fild one, is inch 
and bolted t(J a mvk hlnfT; IJ.'i fert tdon^ the gnge equals one ftw 
etevatlon. The l)©nch murk tKiri«ist^ of h cro»» cut in tht* l<i|i of 
1ft va rim rock atwvc the gage, and m j*t an elevation of 1 l^i.iH* foet 1 
elevation of the zero of the ga|?e taken from the le%'el^ of I be railrt 
k 2jlt>L:^4 feet above sea leveh Discharge ineHsureuientvS are mj 
from a cable and ear alxint 3(M) feet Ijelow the ^t\gi\ liotli bnnk^ i 
high and not liable to overflow. Th© bed of the river i** of gravel n 
not likely to change. 

The following discharge measurements were ma*h^ during UM: 

iTiiiie 3fl: Oagi* heis:ht, 2.20 feet; discharge, S7t 8econ«1-fwH* 
July 1(>: Oage height. 1/*J0 feet; di^chargt?, SlO second*fet*t 
Atignst 4; (iage bi?ight. t>.40 fotit; disrhnrge, 53 »eocmd*fi*et> 
September 18; Gage height, 0.30 ffxit: discharge, 5fl »oconcl-fe*.*t, 

DaU^gtjgt hcigM^ in feet ^ of Wtittrr Uifrr rttttr Weist^r, likUio, 



im^. 


Jui, 


Fob. 


Hto. 


Apr. 


*«ri 

SL75 
*.I€I 
l!J15 

4,irj 

4 HI 
4.15 

4.at> 
4.:r> 
4-3> 
4.:..1 
4J«t 

IS. jSi 
Elio 

it H* 

a. HI) 

4 H* 
4.»i 
4.1« 


Jnn*. 


Joir. 


A^ 


fii*pt' 


0..% 




D 


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1.3S 

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L4a 

Ler^ 

1.80 

l.TR 
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1.3D 
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1.411 


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LIS 


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aati i*.mi 
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lis 1 :im 

if.ii} a. ill 

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.m 

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^ 



rsLL.] COLUMBIA RIVEB DRAINAGE BASIN. 207 

Rating table for Weiser River near Weiser, Idaho, for rM)2, 



S^,. I I>l«l»r«e. ^«W 



heigi 







Fttt. 


Second-feet. 


0.2 


30 


.4 


71 


.6 


105 


.8 


150 


1.0 


215 


1.2 


290 



1.4 
1.6 

1.8 



375 
470 
5a5 



Feet. 
2.0 
2.2 
2.4 
2.6 
2.8 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3.6 



DIacharKe. 

Secotui-feet 
720 
875 
1,050 
1,235 
1,425 
1,625 
1,840 
2,075 
2,325 



Gafre 
height. 



Feet. 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 
5.4 



Diachar^. 



height 



Second-feet. 
2,585 
2,a55 
3,125 
3,395 
3,665 
3,935 
4,205 
4,475 
4,745 



Discharge. 



Feet. 
5.6 
5.8 
6.0 
6.2 
6.4 
6.6 
6.8 
7.0 
7.2 



Second-feet, 
5,015 
5,285 
5, 555 
5,825 
6,095 
6,365 
6,635 
6,900 
7.170 



Estimated monthly discharge of Weiner Rrver near Weiaer, Idaho. 
[Drainage area, 1,H70 Hquaro miles.] 



Month. 



1902. 

annary 

'ebmary ... 

[arch *. . 

pril 

ay 

me 

Jy 

igust 

ptember . . 

tober 

veinber -. 
[jember . . . 



Discharge in second-fcHJt. 



Run-off. 



Maximum. 



585 

7,340 

3, 935 

3, 12r> 

3,463 

2,720 

795 

115 

87 

150 

290 

2,075 



Minimum. Moan. 



Total in 
acre-foet. 



8o<'ond-feet 
peraauare 
I mile. 



290 


388 ' 


250 


3,086 


720 


1,456 


685 


1,886 


1,378 


2,354; 


618 


1,546 ' 


96 


384 1 


39 


68 ' 


39 


58 


87 


110 


150 


248 


290 


918 



23, 

171, 

89, 

112, 

144, 

91, 

2;}, 

4, 

3, 

6, 

14, 

56, 



85' 
"388 ' 
526 I 
225 I 
742 I 
993 



0.23 
1.85 ' 



611 
181 
451 
704 
757 
446 



I 



The yeHr . 



,340 



39 



1 , 042 



742,941 



.02 



Depth in 
inches. 



0.27 
1.93 



.87 


1.00 


1.13 


1.26 


1.41 


1.63 


.93 


1.04 


. 2.3 


.27 


.04 


.05 


.03 


.03 


.07 


.08 


.15 


.17 


. 55 


.63 



8.30 



BOISE RIVER NEAR BOISE, IDAHO. 

The station, established December 15, 181)4, iss located about D miles 
ove Boise, Idaho, at the mouth of the canyon. The ori<j:inal ga^e was 
two sections: The lower part is of 2 by (> inch plank, inclined, and 
irked from 1 foot to 7.5 feet; the upper part is a 4 by 4 inchtiml)er, 
iced vertically, and marked from 7.5 to 12 feet, both portions 
mted white. The bench mark for it was a \>r\dge> v»*^\Vfc (Vtvn^t^ 
} a Cottonwood tree 20 feet from gage and 20 feet Irom xVveT , \\> \^ 



208 



BTRKAM MEA81TREMENTB IPf lmr2, PART IV, 



[tti % 



\t 



3 A feet above the 8- foot mark ou the i^iige. MeHSurem4*nt« m-e mwk 
from a cable just below the grtge. 

Ill the hi Iter pnrt of July, lHr»5, it wrt« deeklt^l to kieak^ a secomiari 
gage oil Boise Uiver to oblain the slope of the water surface, Thiswaa 
plaeed 42h feet Vm^Iow the old gn^e find carefully etm nested by tiieana 
of R wyt} level. Both wtM-e referred to tlie^aiiie datum. At. thattim* 
the low<*r end of the old i^age waw found to be warped and was fur- 
rected, A gage was alM*i plactul on the lower Hmm \n onler to 

teninne the water going t>yat the lowe^stf^tage during the irrijrating 

>aMOiK The meter e^ui generally I mi used l*y wfiding, but in high water 
meanun^ments can Im made from a wagon bridge. 

April IH, 18rP7, the river cut into t!ie right bank of the Btatton, earry- 
ing out the cable and leaving the ^a^a on a Bmall i.Kland, so that the 
reconl after that date is unreliable. A temporary gE^^ was therefore 
established May 12 at the IJnimlway Bridge, at Boi«e, and a rt^ceri 
kept by it until June 17, when a new gage, whieh im now used, wa^ h^bxw 
placed in the canyon I mile al>ove the old location. The inclined nxl 
is firmly attached to a Cottonwood tree. The bench mark is a ^0- penny 
spike in the upstream face of the C> by 8 cable support, alKuit 2 f<^t 
above the ground. Ite elevation is 15 feet above datura, Twospik^ 
in same pa^tare 14 feet above datnm* Dischnrg© measurements at^ 
made from a cable and car 50 feet below the gage. An auxiliary cabi<^ 
for flofKl measurements is placed 117 feet above the main cable, M 
ordinary jitages the channel is straight, both aliove and iKdovv thesW- 
tion. The Imnkw are high and not lial>le to overflow. Alxjut 3iK) feet 
below the cable is a gravel bnr, reducing the width of thr river at 
low water to about one-tliinl of the channel and forcing the entire 
flow against the south bank. The channel is liable to change during 
extreme high floods. During ttJiwi tlit* Xew York Canal Comimay 
built a wing dam of timber and loose rock, headed about 150 ft^et 
below the station and extending from the north l>ank diagonal lydowa 
and across the stream a distance of aluiiit 50 feet, in order to protect 
the north bunk from erosion. The consLriiction of this wing dam did 
not seem to interfere with the flow of the river at the station. Dnriog 
the year new cable* supporti^ weiv set anil lH*neh marks wi*re care- 
fully veriliefL 



\sm. 



Jaly 11. 
July 1 



1% ^ 



SydrpKraphor. 



do 



Angnst 7 --- _^,^.^^ do . 

AttmiHt 13. . , do . 

Sepreir ber 15 do 



li^^ 



1.10 



iMsci^ATge^ 



m 



COLUMBIA BIVER DHAINAOE BASIN. 



209 



Daily gage height ^ in feet, of Boine River near Boise, Idaho. 



DBy. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


Apr. 


May. 


June. 


July. 


Auk. 


St'pt. 


o<t. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


latt. 


1 
1 1.00 


! 
i.ao 1 1.70 


1.35 


3.20 


4.70 


2.25 


O.iN) 


0. 45 


0. 45 


0.50 


0.80 




1 i.a) 


i.:io 


1.60 


1.86 


3.10 


4. a) 


2.35 


.80 


.45 


.4.5 


.50 


.80 




1 1.10 


1.80 
1.40 


1.50 
1.45 


1.98 
2.40 


2.90 
2.90 


4^00 
3.90 


2.:«) 

2.55 


.70 
.70 


.40 
.40 


.42 
.42 


.50 
.50 


.90 




1 1.08 


.96 




1 .»5 


1.30 


1.40 


2.40 


2.90 


3.85 


2.20 


.60 


.a5 


.40 


.5"» 


.80 




1 1.00 


1.80 1 1.40 


2.40 


3.10 


3.80 


2.10 


.70 


.Jft 


.40 


.60 


.80 




1 1.00 


1.25 
l.HO 


1.40 
1.40 


3.00 
3.40 


3.30 
4.30 


3.85 
4.15 


2.00 
1.90 


.70 
.60 


.33 
.31) 


.40 
.40 


.70 

.82 


.80 




1.03 


.80 




1.00 


2,00 
2.00 


1.40 

i.:^« 


2.80 
2.50 


4.60 
4.40 


4.55 
4.90 


1.90 
1.95 


.12 
.20 


.:«) 


.40 
.40 


.85 

.K5 


.90 




1 .90 


1.30 




1 .70 


1.90 


1.:* 


2.50 


4.40 


4.80 


1.95 1 


.:«) 


.40 


.40 


.90 


1.22 




' .65 


l.HO 


1.;J5 


3.55 


4.60 


4.60 


2.00 ' 


(M) 


. 3"> 


.40 


a:i) 


1.10 




00 


1.55 

l.:«) 

1.25 
1.20 
1.30 
1.40 
1.35 


i.;fi> 
1.;*) 
i.:)o 

i.:io 

1.3.) 
1.30 


2.55 

2.50 
2.60 
3.31) 
3.40 
4.00 
4.20 


5.00 
5.00 
4.70 
4.70 
4.60 
4.20 
4.00 


4.45 

4. a) 

3.90 
3.50 
3.40 

3.:jf) 
3.:«) 


3.05 1 

1.95 ' 

1.90 

1.85 , 

1.80 

1.70 

1.70 


m 

.67 

.68 

.61) 

.m 

.fK) 


.:«) 
.:r> 

.40 

.:r* 
.:«) 
.:i5 

.40 


.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 


.85 
.80 
.70 
.60 
.70 
.80 
.80 


.85 




.70 


.60 




70 


.40 




M5 


.40 




05 


.40 




1.00 


.48 




.96 


.90 




' .90 


1.30 
1.30 

l.2r) 

1.20 


1.30 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 


4.40 
4.00 
3.80 
3.60 


3.K5 
3. 70 
3.65 
3.60 


3.30 
3. 10 
3.10 
3. 10 


1.60 
1.50 
1.30 
1.10 


. 55 
.55 

.50 


.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 


.40 
.40 
.45 
.50 


.70 
.65 
.60 
.65 


.95 




J .85 


.98 




.HO 


1.00 




' .70 


1.10 




60 


2.70 


1.40 


3.40 


3.55 


3.20 


1.10 


Ji) 


.40 


.60 


.70 


1.10 




60 


2.40 
2.30 


1.40 
1.40 


3.25 

3.30 


3.65 
4.00 


3. 10 
2.90 


l.IO 
1.00 


.50 
.45 


.40 
.40 


.70 
.70 


.75 
.80 


1.20 




m 


1.16 




.60 


2.10 
l.HO 


1.45 
1.40 


3.30 
3.20 


4.40 
4.90 


2.80 
3.60 


1.00 
1.00 


.45 
.45 


.40 
.40 


.65 
.60 


.90 
.70 


1.20 




.50 


1.00 




.40 




1.40 


3. 10 


5.30 


2.55 


1.00 ' 


.40 


.40 


.55 


.70 


.90 




.60 




1.40 


3.20 


5. 10 


2.45 


1.00 


.40 


.45 


.50 


.75 


.40 




' 1.00 




1.40 




5.00 





.90 ; 


.42 




.50 





.86 









Rating table for Boise Riiwr at Boise, Idaho, for lUO-^. 



S. 



DiHcharge. 

Secimd-feet. 

575 

695 

830 

970 

1,115 

1,270 

1,4:J5 



SgTt. : D-»>-Ko. 



IKR 85 — 03- 



heig] 

Feet. 
1.6 
l.H 
2.0 
2.2 
2.4 
2.6 
2.8 

— U 



Set'outl-fei't. 

1,610 
1.800 
2,000 
2. 220 
; 2,460 
2, 730 
3,030 



Gago 
boifflit. 

Fi'et. 
3.0 
3.2 
3.4 
3. 6 
3.8 
4.0 
4.2 



I Diwliarge. 

Svamd fivt. 

3. 365 
i 3, 740 
4.156 
4,604 
j 5. 052 
I 5,500 
I 5. 948 



hoiglit. 

Feet. 
4.4 
4.6 
4.8 
5.0 
5.2 



DiHt'harge. 

^romi-feet. 
6, 396 
6,844 
7, 292 
7.740 
8,188 



£10 STREAM MEASURKMKNTS IJJ l^CS, PART IV. 

£MUfnttivti mvuthl^ diw^harge of Boiite Ripfr n^ar liiMitt, Jdah*i 
[ Dmtujmv KTts, t^,42iO MittBM* luilefi. j 



fffi^l 



L 




'p^ Ul ll«C«tHl-fiMt, 


Ti«lal in 


Btm-dT. 1 


1 M^mlti. 


MliflillHtlTI. 


Mhui, 


per square 


•^^ 


19QS. 














Jantiary. . . 


U27Q 


0U9 


vm 


00,^11 


0.4Q 


ti.4« 


FuhrGnr> , 


3.S80 


l,2?0 


1,615 


149,003 


,« 


.(A 


Mjin-h . 


I^TIK* 


t.itt'vo 


],4a8 


8tr«n^ 


.S8 


-W 


April 


e,3«e 


1,30*^ 


8,550 


3ii,rr5 


1.45 


i.« 


Mny, 


K, l(^ 


H, xm 


5,701 


:t50,541 


3,i» 




June.... 


7,516 


3,538 


4/780 


2S4, TBI 


Ut».7 


2jf 


Jiily 


i,663 


l.CMO 


1,7-Jl 


105,820 


.70 


4 


Anf^uMt 


l»tMn 


530 


708 


i9, 067 


.3^ 




Hepttmilier . . 


7^ 


imi 


4182 


40,582 


.2?! 


.n 


Ckit<ib«r .... .- 


^00 


em 


7aa 


45, 193 


.m 


.a 


No Vt*UlllOT , *-.--. 


1,040 


7m 


f«>7 


.'>3. mi 


.^7 


.1 


December . _ _ 


i,s7a 


m^ 


L.U^4 


m,m^ 


,4a 


,44 




J 


The yBar 


BA^ 


ma 


1,996 


i,44$,ai3i 


.at 


"i 



9REFAGE MEASUEEMENTS m BOISE VAI.LKY, 

A series of mertsurt+ments of the discliar^e of eaQals taking water 
from Kome Rivur botwei^n Boisc^ and Calciwell, Idaho, was made dur- 
wg August 11 to 15, 1902, by N. S. Dib, to determine the aiuouot uf 
see page w ater ret u r n i ng to t h e r i ver, T hese in eas u re nie ii ts we re si ni i- 
Ur totliose made? in 181)8, 18D9, 10Ot\ ll»01, and which are published in 
thf? reports for thoHO yeai-s. 



.L.1 



COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



211 



Uatieous duscharge meoimremeiita of Boise River and other stretims in Boitte 

Valley. 



Stream. 



Locality of headinf? or plac^e.of m<\a8are- Dl> 
ment. , chargo. 



"I 
11 , 

11 

11 

11 ^ 
11 
11 

12 ; 

12 • 

12! 

^ : 

13 ^ 
13 
13' 
13! 

^^ 
13 

13 

13 I 

13 i 
13, 
13 I 
13 1 

13 I 
l*i 
^*' 

14 ' 
14 
14 
14 
U 
U 
14 
14 
14 
14 
15 

15 j 
15, 
15 I 
15 i 
15 I 
15 



Sebreecanal North side in Caldwell C^anyon. 

Seibenberg Sloingh do 

Boiae River ' Caldwell bridge 



Riverside canal... 1 Sonth side in CaldwellCJanyon . 

Wastein Tenmile Creek ^ South side below Star 

Strahom canal i do 

Boise River | Star bridge 

Eureka canal South side below Soldiers' Home 

Phyllis canal \ do 

Settlors canal I South side above Soldiers' Hcmio 

Davis canal ' do 

McCarty canal do 

Jacobs <^*anal North side above Soldiers' Home 

Ellis canal do.. 

Qoodwin Mill or Penault canal do 

Boiae River I At regular gaging station, near B4»iHe 

Now York canal 1 South side at gaging station 

Costin canal I South side above Soldiers' Home 

Lamburger & Ryan do 

Ridenbaugh canal do 

Paynne canal I do 



Rossi Logging canal . 



I 



*l 



.do. 



Small ditch do. 

Rossi waste I do. 

Electric Light Works waste | do . 



Waste Car Line Power House 

Farmers' Union and Boise Valley 
canals. 

Waste ditch 

Waste in sand draw 

Union canal 

Dry Creek canal . 



North side above Soldiers' Home. 
North side at Soldiers' Home 



North side above Star. 

do 

do 

do 



Conway & Akin, 2 ditches | Eagle Island 



Catlin A Macey, 2 ditches | do 

Davis & Hart I do 

Midleton Mill Slough : North side above Star . . 

Midleton Canal Company canal ; do 

Pioneer canal ' do 

Midleton Water Company canal . . .' North side l)elow Star . 

Waste east of Midleton I do 

Waste from Willow Creek ■ do 



Sebree River j At Caldwell Canyon, north side . 

Seibenberg Slough do 

Boise River j Caldwell bridge 

Riverside canal At Caldwell Canyon, south side . 



Sec-feet. 

I 0.0 

.6 

.7 

2:15 

1.0 

IH.O 
21.0 

I "-^ 

[ 15.8 

I 114.3 

:«).8 

1(0. 

fil.2 

12.1 

tfl.5 

84.'). 

79.5 

3.0 

.8 

433.7 

11. 1 

118.0 

l.l 

101.0 

25.0 

39.7 

93.8 

ae 

1.0 
L5.0 
14.8 
12.0 
6.5 
14.0 
5.4 
8.5 
9.3 
10.4 
3.0 
.1 
16.0 
.4 
1.5 
1.0 



f? 



12 STR>:aM MEABrREMKNTS IN 1902, PART IV. r»' 

*Sumi*iQrg tuf sff^pogi^ mett^ftrfmrtitu tmuk: on Bourn lii^t^^ Avffusi U-iB,, if^ 



Bc4li»^ Biv«r km\ Kew York (t»ti&l ivt eniftti^ nt^tton — . . , ............ 

Divi?rt«<l by lauaIa. iuutU stde. between iiig'Ln«' •t»tlan Aud Boldlim' 

Home ..^........- . , .,--♦- ...,. ,-— , 



Llamu. -♦_*., 



Riilitrii wa>ttJ\ M>utb iiiiUv Imlwt'rfiti ycA^iuyi HtttUnn and BoUlicrs' Hom^^^.. 
Boi^rsi wiwt^', fifirtb »nto, twt wwft) |E»t^nit «t*ti<>ti nad i^ldJer»' Homo,.,. 



Botiitoi wii«U\ uurtb 9l4t.'« Wtw^uuii J^iUlit^rM* ili^mu^ikad Btar ..,..^....,,^ 
6i>i^^ tlWttr nt HU*r ,,,.^,. ,,,,,*,* ._.._. „ ..m.--^. 






Bi^ifNi RliTfT itt JitJtr , — -..- ^^— ^..-- ..^..,,. „_ 

Dlvi^^rt^n] 1>y rfttuiK Bontb s1di\ bHtwwn Stihi* and Ci&ldwell CiJifiMi.. 
Dtvurtml by riKmbt. (lortb i^ifiis, txitwrw^u Stitr find C!jildW4dt i^nyiiij _ 

Baltim WllJttl^ Mintb Hldt«, iM^ivtMni StJirnnd ("fildwrHl] iXnymi ^., 

64'tnrn wibHt<s iiurth «k1i\ 1>t.itWi.vri Stitr AFjd CAldw^^H CMiyon .«*.^h 
l^VMrttHl bj* rjLtuilH, wmih Hid**, nl C^ulcJ^idHTiiiiyuu ...... _„,»....,.,^ 

i>tv(»rtvfl V*y cjumlrt, imrth *idp, ftt Cnldwt^U C»nfcm. ,,«...,, i,„„.^_ 
BoliNs BtVt't Bl { :Hia wi4I ... *.,..»,.,..*. — *.**,. ,*.-,.-„*.,, ^ 



Tntal from Btftr to Caldw^^U . 
l-^nln fn^tu Bt^r b> C^l dwell . . 



TatHl illvixhul oil mmib hiiIi- i>f riTiit tu i'k*b1wwU.. . 
Tolttl illTL*rt*^l till iini'th nidi? of ri¥*.*r ti» t'jildw&U ._ 
TuIaI wn.Hti' nn Huiuh iv^ido of river b* fuldwi.-ll. .. .. . 

Ttjtfd wttrtto *jn luirtli Kidt* "f river Ut < "nldivi^ll 

Buisi3 River and Nptv Yntlt r.-ijinal at ^i^itLg rtt«tiim 
Boifte RlT©r lit Olid WftlU „.„.....,_.._,._ 



Tot»l Tnuri i^fjin^ «tntlun t*i (^rtUlwoH . . 
Oait] frum ^ni^iii^i^tatiitu bi i'nldwidL.. 



ifQI^dy. 






l^,M 



i,omf 



4e 






»i.i 



LO 



«!,« 



4T.I 






au 






mi 



ttl 









830 J 






BRUNEAU RIVER NKAR (JRANDVIEW^ IDAHO. 

SyMt<>matui niiiU.siireuieiit,H nn tlily river have Imeii iiuiiiit^iiic<l 
imitioil lately l^clow the headwurks of tlie ennal ^system of the i )wylie<? 
JjHJid and Irrl^aliau t'atiipauy, in miles east of Gmiidview, Idabo, 
Thei'« are two ga^es, <me on the north nod one on the !5oulh side nf 
thfi river, each at the same elevation. 'I'he eliaiuiel in Htraight, iKitli 
alH*vo and Iwdovv the station , the banlvti high and nH*ky, and tlie bed 
changinj^ Ih.tle, if any, the section beiji^ a ^mal one with, the ext^ep- 
tiun that the velocity is very slight at low water. 



nwcLL.] 



COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BASIN. 



213 



Daily gage height, in feet j of Brtmeau River near Grandview, Idaho. 



Dmj. 



1. 

a. 



Jaq. 



1.. 

HL- 
II-.. 



a., 
a., 
a.. 
«.. 
ft.. 
».. 
».. 
a.. 
».. 
aD.. 

31.. 



I 



Lffii 
L« 

Lin 

LOTi 

i.ai 
L«rf 
I.fil» 

LfiA 

].«) 
].«J 

1.M1 
l.flO 

1.00 
1.(10 

i.do 

l.flO 
1.63 
1.6U 
1.45 
1.45 
1.45 
1.45 



F^b^ MftT. I Apr, 



I 
l.4fi 
LIS 
L4a 
L4fS 

\.m 

La> 
Lua 

L7T> 
L7l» 

l:i> 

LTti 

Lffij 

La& 

L7(i 

LTD 

LTO 

l.il* 

l.TtI 

I Tfl 

1.70 

1.70 

1.76 

1.75 

l.HO i 1.76 

1.80 I 1.75 

l.«0 



"r 



1.7fl 

l.Vt 

I.Tfi 

1,70 

1,75 

L7II 
l.TIJ 
1,70 

1.70 
1,711 

1.75 
1.75 

i.7r, 

L76 
1.70 
1.70 
1.70 
1.75 
1.75 



-^1 
I 



I L75 

\\-^ 

I i, i'» 
' LMI 

;■.« 

I LIN) 

!-■'■• 

I :!.7r» 

I ^^^ 

I 2. IE 
> I4t) 



-r f 



'I 



l.HO 



'i'^. 



I 



1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 



£.40 

i t,m 

,±75 

I :i rx't 
3.20 
3.10 
2.Q0 
2.75 

2.m 

2.55 
2.50 
2.55 
2.50 
2.50 



Itf&y. Juaftv JnV. ' Au^. 



2.50 
S.50 

£.r)A 

2,40 

2.flV 

2.av 

2.T> 
2.7IJ 

^i4i 
a. :4j 

a«) 
a:iv 

B.25 
a2U 

:t in 



3.m 
11 an 

'1,55 



:£,»} j 

2.21) ; 
I 
2. 15 



X4H I ±15 
:j.4J ' Sji> 



;i50 



.»5 



:),4til I 1.40 

a, 75 I i.ri 

a.dTi I LW 

HTiLl I 1.)«i 

a.25 [ LW) 

'AAV I LHIi 



3.0I» 


2.70 


1.70 


3.00 


2.eo 


1.70 


2.05 


2.55 


1.70 


2.90 


2.55 


1.05 


2.90 


2.50 


l.flO 


2.90 


2.45 


1.55 


3.00 


2.45 


1.50 


3.15 


2.40 


1.50 


3.:i5 


2.40 


1.50 


3.55 


2.:fi 


1.50 


3. 70 




1.50 



1.50 
1.50 
1.45 
1.45 
1.45 
1.45 
1.45 
1.40 
1.40 

i.:r> 
i.:j5 
i.:r» 
i.:«> 

1.35 

i.») 

1.30 

1.:*) 
i.:«> 

1.25 
1.25 
1.2.-» 
1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
1.25 
\.'£> 
1.25 



Sept.; (k-t. Nov.; D«x\ 



.1.. 



1.26 
1.25 
1.25 
l.:«) 

i.:io 
i.:)o 
i.:)o 
\M 

' i.:ii) 

I i.:4) 

I i..'«) 

' i.:<o 

: 1.:*) 

I 1.:*) 

! i.;io 

; i.:«> 

' 1.40 
1.40 
1.45 
1.5.-) 
j 1.5(» 
' 1.55 
1.55 
1.55 
1.55 
1.00 
1.55 
1.55 
1.55 



I 



1.55 

1.50 I 

1.50 

1.50 

1.50 

1.50 

I.:*) 

1.50 

1.5') 

i.5-» ; 

1.55 I 



-,- i 



1.70 

1 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

1.75 

l.HO 

l.W) 

l.HO 



1.50 I l.HI) , 



1.50 I 
1.50 I 
1.55 I 
1.55 ! 
1.55 
1.55 



l.Hl> , 
l.HJ [ 
l.HO 

l.HO ; 

l.HT) 
l.H.^. 
1.H5 
1.H5 
1.K5 
sLHO 
\.m I 1.80 



l.(H) 
1.00 



I 



1.06 I l.HO 

1.05 I 1.75 

1.70 I 1.T5 

1.70 I 1.75 

1.70 ; 1.75 

1.70 '. 1.75 

1.70 ! 1.75 

1.7J) I 

I 



1.76 
1.80 
1.80 
1.85 
1.86 
1.85 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.95 
1.95 
1.85 
1.85 
1. 75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.75 
1.76 
1.76 
1.90 
1.90 
1.85 
1.86 
1.75 
1.70 



SNAKE RIVER AT MONTCiOMERY FERRY, IDAHO. 

Ten miles above the ^a^in^ station at Montgomery Ferry occurs a 
tiatural dam site, from whicli,,a.s a startiiii^ point, surveys for canal 
lines have l>een run, covering the large extent of level c<»untry sus- 
ceptible of irrigaticm on both sides of the riv<M*. M(»asurements at 
UoDtgomer}^ Ferry show the amount of water avaihibh* for irrigati<m 
purposes there, and also the amount that could be developtMl for 
x)wef purposes at Shoslume Falls, about 45 mil<\s below. The stati(m, 
established August 5, 1805, is lo(*ated at Montgomery Ferry, on the 
\Uii;e road from Mini<loka to Albion. The gag(» is inclined and 
'a8tene<l t-o posts set in the ground. The bencli mark is the head of 
I spike in the east i)ost of the tool house, 1.2 f(»et above the ground 
uid 52 feet west of the gage. Its (devation is 17.50 fe<»t abovi^ gage 
latum. The letters *'!>. M.'' are marked in bhu'k paint on the post. 
The river is H(H) feet wide* at this s(H*tion, with a hard gravel bottom 
lot subject to chang(». When t he station was visit^nl by N. S. Dils on 



214 



BTBEAIf MEARrREMENTrt IN 1^02, PART TV. 



[sw.fi, 



Oeta\H*r H, IM^iH, a t*tiiiipitrissoii w*i8 itmck of the gat^t* nnl with the 
liench lUArk, aikI it was found that \ht^ nxl luui moV(*<l t« a <•oilliiUe^ 
tthl<* f>xU*nt, <luf* to thf m*titin of ihi' qnit'kHiitul on th«MnHlno<l iiortiua 
of ilho hmI, Tlit^ Jieighti* iiH rec*imlt3d by tht> oli?Mirv**i% hw w*tll ji** the 
dittcliarjfi^ Tii<*4i«ur"etiJ*>iits, wert! corre(?tcKL 11i« rod in* in<*lific*d frosi 
zero to ^f-Ti f*'el, nrid Lh vt*rtU'al al>oV4? thm lattf^rok'vatif>n, TIm* limiM- 
portion \h f*ustfiied at various iiit**rvalM to jioMt.s driv(*n inU>tlHt jrnniTi4. 
Gago rea*lin|js wore not taken during UMKi. 

Tlie stJition wa.^reesl4ihlisht^d itay I, llJtn, an<l the f^a^o read Tiiura- 
ing and ev**niii^ for the renuiind^^r of the yt^skr. Fart of the inHinwl 
Ij^gi^ rod whieh had I>e*^n moved by quick.^iiid wan e<irre<*t-«*d Au^^awl 
9, 11101, HTu I nil pmvious ^H^e i*ea<lin;tr^ were eawfiiUy julJiL'tteiJ to 
corn-^spond with tlu^ prc*f*ent iKisition of th© nxi. 

The ff»lk>winK fliHt'harixe measurements were iimde during ll>i):2i 

• Sept«mt>t^r 8; Gftge height, 1 iMl foot; dkchar|^4f« 3.338 H*«c!<aud-f«0t* 
Oetobftr 27: G»i«i' lit^ight, 2.3(1 feet; ilischarK**, 't,*29 i*ni^4>nd-fi**^t. 



Ditiin f^if/c height, iafM^ of Snakt Rivtr at Montgomery F^rni, 

Idaho, 



Minuhihi, 



Dmj. 



1.. 



13.. 



4. an 



Feb . Mat* Apr. ' M*^ . \Jva», JtUy . 



L 



IT. 
1«_ 

». 



S8. 



«L40 

2. Mi 

a. 1(1 

g.Tll 

17(i 
*71I 

17(1 

am 

3i.7(l 

s.7n 



1L70 

!! Sr) 
a, at* 



j 2. 10 
j 2. 3<) 

I ^'^^ 
I 2,JVl 

I 

iTJfi 
' a. 55 



a4& 

ji «.() 
xm 

a. It) 

II fit! 

(^,11) 
ri 411 
nJ5 

6.45 

r*. 4t) 



7,IB 
' T.w| 

I in) I 



I 7. tA 

,«,:* 

^.mi 
n .'vji 

' 7, jri 

T, oil 

T.lfi 
T W 
H, ll> 

fhiift 

I n, 1.1 
! 5. an 

iixi 



;i^«i I a£^ im ^.txi 



4,75 
4,70 
4.(1) 
4H> 
4.00 
4.7(1 
4.70 

4.m 

4.»> 

•AM) 
HATt 

•2.m 
•jtjtfk 

IS 4!i 

2 10 
2.tX1 



Aug. Bept> 



l-HS 

too 

1.45 

l.Hil 
l.W 

Lin 

,L(B 

.Ml 

,»> 
Jll 

.Hll 

.HTj 
,H0 

.ft* 
Ml 

.ni 
.vu 
.yo 

Ml 
141 

m 



i.m 

LOO 
LOO 

riiu 
l.ri) 

1.00 
1.IM) 

l.ll> 

]A0 
AAti 

].m 
i.m 

1.40 
1.30 

ijfi 

1.40 
1.40 
1.011 

].m 
im 

L70 

1.M1 



Oct^ NflT. 



Lta 



LSI 

LVD 
1.00 
LflJ 
1.1*0 

I i,un 
i.tti 

I gati 
e 111 

I 2.[JU 

rm 

^M 

' ^.00 

». 10 

I S! Ill 

' 3. 10 

' t.&i 

I «,S1 

' tdo 
I a. ail 

I 3.30 

^m 

£.tt1 

sr.ao 
1111 



&4fl| 

t.m 

S.40 

a.4(j 
ie 40 
£.aji 
£jfli 
t.«i 

S.Rll 

j*;ti 
r.w ' 

2. Nil 

t.W 
tW 

Sf.WI 
I '^■^ 

I *■'*• I 



SSI 


a. 70 


£.tt1 


^.«i 


£.90 


S.AO 1 



I eiMI 
I 2,70 
, g.Tfi 



!tli» 



.^s.»Jl 



m 

^& 

IV 

i:s 
isu 

•AM 

aft 

3 4^ 

31 «l 



COLUMBIA RIVER DRAINAGE BARIN. 



215 



SNAKE RIVER (NORTH FORK) NEAR ORA, IDAHO. 

s station was. established August 20, 1902, by N. S. Dils. It is 
id at the North Fork Bridge 2 miles south of Ora and 10 miles 
> St. Anthony, Idaho. A temporary vertical gage was set on the 
side of the first pier from the north shore, at which point the 
inent gage will be located. The observer is Mrs. Martha J. 
The initial point for soundings is a bolt through the toe of the 
ever on the north end of the lower side of the bridge. The 
e is 210 feet from toe to toe of cantilever. It consist^s of four 

resting on three rock-filled crib piers. Measurements are made 
the lower side of this bridge. The channel is straight both 
J and below this station. The banks are high and do not over- 

The bed of the stream is hard gravel, quite smooth, and not lia- 
} change. 
ft following discharge measurements were made during 1902: 

Angnst 20: Gage height. 2.00 feet; discharge, 1,241 second-feet. 
September 29: Gage height, 2.00 feet; dis(;harge 1 ,244 second-feet. 

'iily gage height, in feet, of Stiake River {North Fork) near Ora, Idaho. 



Aug. 



Sept. 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2. 00 
2.00 
2.00 I 



Oct. I Nov. Dw. , Day. , Aug. Sept. 



I 1.90 
J 2.00 



-I- 



I 



2.00 I 



2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.(X) 
2.00 
2.00 



10 I 
001 
00 ' 
00 
00 

00 ; 

00 

tt) 

00 
00 
00 ' 
10 
10 \ 
10 I 

10 

I 
10 , 



I, 1902. 

li 



i.flo ;i 17 

1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
1.90 
2.fX) 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 
2.00 

:i.oo 

2.00 



18 ' 


19 


20-... 


. 2.00 


21 .... 


2.00 


22 ... 


2.00 


253... 


. 2.00 


24.... 


2.00 


26.... 


. 2.00 


26.... 


2.00 


27.... 


. 2.00 


2H-... 


2. 00 


a) . - . . 


2.00 


:«).... 


2.00 


:n .... 


2.U) 



I 

I 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.(X) 

2.00 

2.00 i 

2.00 I 

2. a) 

2.00 I 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 



Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec. 


1 
2.00 1 


2.10 


1.90 


2.00 ; 


2.10 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 


1.10 


2.00 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 1 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 ; 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 ' 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 1 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 


1.90 


2.00 


2.00 ' 


1.90 


2.a» 


2.00 , 


1.90 


2.00 


2. 11) 


l.iJO 


2.00 


2. 10 


1.90 


2.00 


2. 10 




2.00 



ALL RIVER AT WILSON'S MILL, NEAR MARYSVILLE, IDAHO. 

is station was established August 21, 1902, by N. S. Dils. It is 
jd at P. Wilson's sawmill, 12 miles southeast of Marysville, 
\, The gage is a plain staff graduated to feet and tenths and is 
7 spiked to the lower side of the first bent from the south sliore. 
•ead by P. Wilson, the owner of the mill. The initial point for 
lings is the fac^e of tho south abutm<Mit and measurements are 
from the bridge. 'J'he bridge rests on crib abutments. The 
is straight; hot^i above and below the slatiou. T\\^ Irnwk^ ».\'^ 
\nd not linhle to overflow. The bed of the vWev \»\\aTv^ ^^-aN^ 



216 



STEEAM MEAaUBEMK:prT8 IN 11*02, PART IV. 



[!uXt& 



with occasional hiva bowldeiu Gk^orge IlHrrin^lield, a IocaI ddi 
enj^ineer, slak^H that the viYi^v in thif^J vicinity has a fall of from 37j 
to IVJ fetst pfiv mile. 'Hk* llarrinj^tichl canal in Iwins huilt U^ divert 
the water fr-om alnn t* Ihif* st^ilioiL 

The followiri]^ di.scharg** incasiimmeni» were made diinii|( ll*Mi*: 



p 



AtiiJrTist "St: Gag** height t --f^O fuel; dischargee * ^1'^ Ri*cuTid-fi»t. 
Octolier 1: Gttg*? height, l.!N) feeti diwfharg*^, H5T sK*oiid-fet*t* 

Datijf gag^ height^ infmt^ uf Phil Jtivrr atrnr Marj^Ule^ Idah&. 




D»3r. 


A«g, 


lans. 




IT 




W --.-*_ 




I» 




aft 




21 , 




at 




5S* 




U 


K,a> 


as -._.-. 


£.00 


ail ,-__.. 


SL«1 


27,. _, 


tm 


«».-„„ 


loti 


3»,.,.„ 


son 


»>._,„. 


aro 


HI 


atm 



Oct. Kor. li«. 



I.w 


1 ttl 


hm 


i.m 



hm 

LID 
LKI 

t.UII 
LW 
IJNl 
Ltt» 
LIU 



LIU 

Lm 

l.M) 
l.KI 
L4I 
L«W 
LW 
1,111 i 

im I 
I.i*n I 
1 m\ I 

LfiO 



\,m 
hm 

LUt 
L«l 

hm 
Lao 

LW 
LW 

LiU 
LItl 
L W j^ U' 

LW' Li's 
Li 



i.ii 
III 
lii 
19 

141 

IM 
Ufr 

IJ 
li 

ii 



Mincelln n ptmiji foeamtrt'iiu^n t « n* f '^ i/ /^ «< 6 /^ t Rtrt r t tm hat ^f** tntsi u . 



Dftt«, 


Hydrogiu- 


Stroua. 


L*M3*ltty. 




i«rir. 










Mm W 
11 


N.s.miii..... 


J All ot lh« apHni^ flowinjij 
1 Lnio t^naki^ River. 


Bi?1 wtM^u SbfjHhofu'- VaMu und tti*s 


m 


AtiB. T 


dt) ........ 


New York c&daI ^__ .... 


Near Bciiat* ifiiiffiJJir nUtinu ,,,. 


« 


Ul 


Oo.— „.. 


,....rto..... 


.... do ...... 


JD 


lA 


.._.a^,„..„_ 


,...,aci. „„,„„._.„ 


... do .... 


Or? 


i& 


do........ 


Snnke Kiv€*r 


1 mile kitt^v^ lunntli ttf BlorkftKi 

Birer. 


PfT 








SffT 


.....do, -,„„ 

..,..dt>. 


BltiB LftkftH Ciret'lc . = ...,,,, 


At Blu4' l^koH. Tdiiho 


« 


Bept. 1 


Snakii Hlvt^ir -_.... 


Betwtwii Hlnrjrt]niiit*FallM and Twin 
Fulls, 


1»*T 


ijft 


- „.do- 


El*f:k SpriQ^n Cretik ,.,.„ 


KiiAr Orn ^K^f? station 


? 


NoT.aa 


J. S. Bftkej- . 


Bi^ Blai'kfiH Jt _._.._ 


BfymiL^r .-..,, ., 


ii 



PI t!ET Ntll Ta> JJHAINAC;^] BASI^^. 

For enincnieiice in arran^^eiiient the sniallor rjvci>» which havt'tVir 

head WH tci"s on the wcst+Tn sl^ipe <^f th^^Caseride Unnge and whieliil*'* 

Into Fuget Sonnd nortli of SeuVVAi^ \\a\H^ Vh*vii irronped a^ tht^ Vwp^ 

Sound (Irniun^i^ i)( thefse \V\i\U* U\v^*v \\vv^ ws -m\\\\vh> \\^\vt >^m^^ 



> 



wj^l PUOET SOUND BBAINAGE BASIK. 21 7 

inier and flows into Puget Sound near Seattle, Wash. Cedar 
v^er is a tributary of White River. Snoqualmie and Skykoniish 
ers unite to form the Snohomish, which flows into the Sound 
out 10 miles beyond the junction near Everett, Wash. The Stil- 
luamish lies north of the Skykomish and has a parallel course. 
le following list includes the stations in the Puget Sound drainage 
sin: 

White River at Buckley, Wash. 

Cedar River near Maple Valley, Wash. 

Cedar River at Cedar Lake, near Northbend, Wash. 

Snoqnalmie River above Snoqnalmie Falls, near Snoqualmie, Wash. 

Skykomish River (south fork) near Index, Wash. 

Stilagnamish River near Robe, Wash. 

WHITE RIVER AT BUCKLEY, WASH. 

[n order to determine the amount of power that could be developed 
White River, a station was established by Sydney Arnold, April 
, 1890, at the new highway bridge, 500 feet above the Northern Pacific 
lilway bridge, and one-half mile north of the town of Buckley, Wash. 
le location is in sec. 34, T. 20 N., R. E. of the Willamette meridian, 
le rod of the wire gage is fastened to the guard rail of the highway 
idge. The length of the wire rope is 20 feet. The elevation of the 
[) of the guard rail at the pulley is 19. 56 feet above gage datum. The 
idge is a clear span of 180 feet, crossing the river a trifle obliquely. 
16 channel is straight for some distance above and below the bridge, 
t the section is not a very good one, owing to the sudden fall a. short 
Jtance below. About 300 feet above the bridge is a good section, 
th fine gravel bottom in calmer water, but in order to utilize it it 
mid be necessary to install a cable. An examination of the river 
annel for some distance above and below this point was made, but 
9 present location is about the only one available for accurate results. 
N^o measurements of discharge were made at this station during 1902. 



318 STBEAM MEASDRKMEKTti TN 1*>2, PART IW (if^^ 

Wjt J mill/ tf«£f<* height, in /*'*(, uf White Kitrr a* Mnekiettt HVm/i, 



Di*. 


j^ 


SNftb. 


Ml^. 


Apr J 


mr 


La 


Jnlf. 


AW. 


B«ip